0 views

Uploaded by Akemi Lucero

PERF

- Iron Ore Pellet Plant
- Operation of Tube Mills
- Controlling insects with heat
- Chuong 2-Roller Mill
- Not Only Failure Costs
- Success 6 Sig
- WCP Wshop Ppt for MPC-Penang
- Ballbal Reverse
- 29176434 04 Vertical Roller Mills
- Improve Quality via Qms Through Quality Tools
- Cement Process Chemistry
- Laboratory Procedures
- 06 of 08 - Lean Six Sigma Overview - Analyze Phase of DMAIC
- En KD Datasheet
- Aa Automation Mpc Sag Mills Flotation Circuits
- Improving Performance of Biscuit Production Proces
- International Projects Cerro Verde
- Design of a Bicycle Peddle Operated Grain Mill
- Mamta Meena
- Chuong 2-Roller Mill

You are on page 1of 14

Lyall Workman1 and Jack Eloranta2

Abstract

In this paper results of drill to mill research are examined. It is found that several

descriptors of blasting results change when the powder factor is increased.

Fragmentation shifts toward a finer distribution. The Bond work index decreases and the

product of the t10 model breakage parameters increases. Both of these indicate more

softening of fragments.

There is research that found large differences in bond work index and other studies that

find a much smaller decrease. Even at the lower decrease, however, some savings in

energy cost can accrue in hard ores ground to small size.

This paper examines what is known and how this affects drill to mill results. Future

research needs are discussed. The role of powder factor is discussed and needed

research in this area is suggested.

require understanding of a multivariate system and exacting control of the process. Six

sigma is discussed as a philosophy and methodology for exacting control of processes

that lends itself well to drill to mill systems

2. Jack Eloranta, Eloranta & Associates, Inc

.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 1 of 14

Introduction

A previous paper by the authors (2003) discussed the effect of blasting on crushing and

grinding energy consumption. The analysis was based primarily on research conducted

by Nielsen and Kristiansen (1996). These researchers related changes to Bond Work

Index, Wi, to changes in explosive energy input in taconite ore. The authors estimated

powder factor from their results and related this to savings in energy consumption in

taconite crushing and grinding. Substantial savings were projected.

Recent research has further examined change in Bond work index with powder factor

(Katsabanis, et al, 2008). This research also looked at the t10 model and the breakage

parameters A and b, in the t10 equation, as reported by Napier-Munn, et al (1996). The

work by Katsabanis and co-workers also studied timing effects on breakage.

In this paper we discuss softening of ore fragments in light of the recent research. What

is needed to further characterize the relationship of powder factor, softening and

crushing and grinding performance is discussed. It is essential to continue to work to

understand these relationships and the best descriptors of change because this will

allow blasters to better design blasts that meet downstream goals.

It appears clear that meeting the goals of blasting designed to best prepare material for

downstream operations requires close control of blast design and implementation. A

high standard of quality control is appropriate. One approach that we believe relevant is

six sigma. This is discussed below.

It appears clear that employing a higher powder factor leads to finer fragmentation.

Certainly, the work by Katsabanis, et al indicates this in three types of granite. This is

the “seen” part of fragmentation and is most readily measured. An exception may be

when geological structure is so closely spaced that it largely overrides the role of

blasting in fragmentation.

consumption. Given that the primary crushing product distribution is related to the feed

size, it may also be important in subsequent stages of crushing.

The second effect of blasting is internal softening of individual fragments. It has been

established, for example, that blasting can generate microfractures within particles.

These fractures are microscopic in size and can be postulated to still exist within small

feed particles. Additionally, remnants of macrofractures may survive size reductions in

the stages of crushing.

particularly true regarding throughput. By Bond’s third law of comminution, it will also

affect energy use, but not to the same extent as is possible in grinding, where the feed to

product size change is much greater.

grinding results. When these are produced by blasting and result in reduction to Bond

work index, or other measures of softening, grinding throughput and energy use

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 2 of 14

reduction should accrue. The previous paper by the authors demonstrated substantial

reduction in energy use.

The early work by Nielsen and Kristiansen in taconite reported quite large changes in

work index as the blasting energy increased. This data leads to large savings in energy

cost, primarily in grinding. Figure 1 is a graph of work index as a function powder factor

that the authors derived from the data reported by Nielsen and Kristiansen. It is

important to understand that the powder factors we calculated are an approximation and

not exact.

Factor, after Nielsen and Kristiansen

16

14

12

Work In dex, kwh/ton

10

0

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8

Powder Factor, Kg/ton

Figure 1: Bond Work Index vs Power Factor (After Nielsen and Kristiansen)

The recent work by Katsabanis, et al, in granite reports the same trend of reduction in

work index with powder factor, but the reductions are much smaller. Figure 2 is a plot of

work index as a function of powder factor for three granites from their data.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 3 of 14

Work Index vs Powder Factor for Different Granites

13.0

12.5

Wo rk Ind ex, Kwh/t

12.0

11.5

11.0

10.5

0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2

Powder Factor, Kg/Cubic Meter

Poly. (Stanstead) Poly. (Laurentian)

(After Katsabanis, et al)

The lines on the graph are trend lines . For Barre this is a freeform line. This line was

placed by inspection. It is quite similar to a 2nd order polynomial trend line, but does not

trend to increased work index at the highest power factors as does the polynomial. The

others are a 2nd order polynomial.

In examining these two graphs one observes that both show a trend of decreasing work

index with increasing powder factor. One also notes that the reduction is much less in

figure 2 than in figure 1. For both Barre and Standstead the reduction in Wi tapers off at

the higher powder factors. For Laurentian granite some further reduction may be

possible if the powder factor is increased more. However, this is not supported by the t10

results shown below.

Table 1 lists the energy consumption and energy cost in taconite for two different powder

factors. An eight percent reduction in the Bond work index is assumed at the higher

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 4 of 14

powder factor. For the lower powder factor the published work index of 14.87 is

assumed.

The explosive is a heavy ANFO producing 3.35 MJ/Kg (801 cal/gm). Initially a powder

factor of 0.26 kg/ton is assumed. An eighty percent passing product size of 40 cm from

blasting is considered a reasonable approximation. The feed size is considered to be

infinite, although, depending on geology a smaller initial block size is possible.

The powder factor is then increased by 1.75 times to 0.45 kg/ton. Examining the

fragmentation curves published by Katsabanis et al a twenty percent reduction in

product size to 30 cm appears reasonable.

Size reduction is obtained by blasting, two stages of crushing, and grinding to 80 percent

270 mesh. Using Bond to determine work input, $0.56/kg for the HANFO and power at

$0.07/Kwh the results in the table are obtained

Table 1: Energy Consumption and Energy Cost for Different Powder Factors

cm cm Kwh/ton $/ton

0.26 Kg/T

Explosives ∞ 40 .24 0.148

Primary crushing 40 10.2 .22 0.015

Secondary crushing 10.2 1.91 0.61 0.043

Grinding 1.91 0.0053 19.29 1.350

Totals 20.36 $1.556

0.45 Kg/T

Explosives ∞ 30 0.27 0.252

Primary crushing 30 10.2 0.18 0.013

Secondary crushing 10.2 1.91 0.56 0.039

Grinding 1.91 0.0053 17.63 1.234

Totals 18.64 1.538

The results show that an eight percent reduction in work index yields 1.8 cents savings

for the higher powder factor. Approximately $720,000 can be saved annually for forty

million tons crushed. This is much less than calculated in the previous paper, but still a

significant sum

The results are sensitive to the cost of explosives and power. Higher power cost will

lead to more savings. Similarly reduction in explosive cost will increase savings. For

example, if the HANFO costs $0.45/Kg the savings at the higher powder factor are 3.6

cents per ton, or about double.

These calculations do not address other benefits from softening of the fragments like

throughput and reduced maintenance. Therefore, although the reduction in Bond work

index is not great there can still be appreciable benefit from changes in the

fragmentation distribution and the internal softening that does occur.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 5 of 14

Drop Weight Testing

Another approach to assessing the effect of different powder factors is to subject

individual fragments to a drop test as described by Napier-Munn et al (1996). This test

was applied by Katsabanis, et al (2008).

Of particular interest is the percent passing one-tenth the initial mean particle size. This

value is related to the impact energy using the following equation.

(

t10 = A 1 − e − bEcs )

Where: t10 = Percent passing one tenth the initial size

A, b = Breakage parameters

Ecs = Specific impact energy, Kwh/t

The product Ab is of particular interest as it is the initial slope of the curve relating t10 and

Ecs. It is therefore considered to be a good measure of softening. Increased Ab means

greater softening

increased. Figure 3, derived from their data, shows this.

The trend is clear on this graph. The product Ab increases as the powder factor is

increased, indicating more softening. The magnitude of the change is declining as more

explosive is used. This is seen in figure 4 where the percent change is plotted as a

function of powder factor.

180

160

140

120

100

Ab

80

60

40

20

0

0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50

Powder Factor, Kg/Cubic Meter

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 6 of 14

Percent Change in Ab with Increasing PF

170.0

150.0

130.0

110.0

90.0

Percent

Change

70.0

50.0

30.0

10.0

-10.0

0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2 1.3

Powder Factor, Kg/Cubic Meter

The trends in Ab and the work index in figure 2 correspond. Since there is a relationship

between Ab and Wi, this is expected.

Napier-Munn et al have claimed that change in Ab correlates well with SAG mill results.

However, there appears to be limited published work on this. A study that measures Ab

and also measures SAG mill performance with regard to throughput and energy

consumption is needed.

In a study of this type the work index, Wi should also be carefully measured. Given the

results of investigations to this point there appears to be a question as to whether the

Bond work index is the best descriptor of drill to mill results, or whether t10 and the

product of Ab may be a better measure.

The trend typically seen is finer fragmentation and more softening of particles as the

powder factor is increased. In general terms, this is expected to result from additional

energy imparted to the surrounding rock mass.

Powder factor can be increased by the use of an explosive of higher density on the

same pattern or by decreasing the burden and spacing with the same explosive. One

can also use a combination of these two choices.

To increase the powder factor by adjusting the blast pattern, the burden and spacing are

reduced accordingly. For any spatial arrangement of holes the point furthest from a

blasthole is less than before.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 7 of 14

To increase the powder factor by using a more dense explosive, the pattern remains the

same or nearly so. The point furthest from a blasthole is the same as before.

A stress is imparted to the ground upon detonation that is related to the borehole

pressure generated. This stress will decay as the square of the distance from the

blasthole.

increases. The borehole pressure is a direct function of both the density and the square

of the detonation velocity. Therefore the detonation pressure will increase with

increased density in most cases. The borehole pressure can be approximated as one-

half the detonation pressure. Thus larger stress is imparted to the ground.

Assuming millisecond delay timing does not interfere with the magnitude of the stress,

the fragmentation at the furthest point from a blasthole may improve (as would the size

distribution back toward the borehole). Similarly, there may be more internal softening of

fragments formed due to the higher stresses.

When the powder factor is adjusted by closing up the pattern the initial stress will remain

the same, but the furthest distance to a blasthole is decreased by the geometric

arrangement. Thus, it may be expected that fragmentation distribution and softening will

improve at distance from the nearest holes.

It will be of interest to perform a study that carefully locates blastholes prior to detonation

and subsequently locates them in the resultant blast. Determining the location of the

holes after blasting is more challenging. However, while difficult, with laser profile

equipment high speed cameras and gps systems a reasonable location should be

possible in a well designed blast that displaces in an orderly fashion.

Then, using image analysis systems, such as WipFrag, the changes in fragmentation

distribution at various distances from the nearest holes can be measured. Bond work

index and the t10 model parameters can also be examined. This may provide us

additional insight into the role of powder factor.

Field Results

Drill to mill optimization of blasting programs has been developing for several years now.

There are reports of substantial benefit deriving from the implementation of this

technique.

Early work by Eloranta (2002) showed this. He increased powder factors in taconite ore.

This led to significant increase in the life of rods in the rod mill, indicating softening of the

feed fragments.

Paley and Kojovic (2001) reported on the results of implementing drill to mill techniques

at the Red Dog mine. These authors reported savings that exceeded $30 million

annually. These are total savings, not energy savings alone. They also indicated that

there was potential for additional improvement.

McKinstry (2004) reported increased throughput and cost savings from a drill to mill

implementation at the Barrick Goldstrike mine. This work included the use of electronic

delays for precise firing times.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 8 of 14

These and other studies indicate clear benefits from a blasting paradigm that looks well

beyond the diggability of the material. These “end user” reports are important because,

regardless of the state of theoretical understanding at this time, there is evidence that

implementing a drill to mill strategy does lead to important gains in productivity and cost

control.

Discussion

Examination of the research shows that there is typically a trend to finer fragmentation

and softening of fragments from heavier blasting. One can expect changes in crusher

and mill throughput associated with this change. However, the magnitude of the change

is not clear. Part of this is very likely due to variations between rock types. There is also

the question of the best descriptor of change, or whether studying more than one

measure of fragment softening is needed.

Study of the effect of powder factor on the Bond work index shows mixed results. One

study discussed herein found large changes in Wi with increases in powder factor in

taconite. Another study recorded only small changes in Wi for increased powder factor

in different granites.

The difference may be associated with the fact that different rocks are involved. Grain

size and other factors can impact the degree to which Bond work index is affected by

blasting energy input. To the extent this is true, it suggests that the effect of blasting on

Wi is specific to the rock under investigation and needs to be evaluated on a case by

case basis.

There is also the question of the utility of the work index as the descriptor of downstream

results from blasting change. It is a useful parameter in the sense that Wi has been

measured for many rocks. In addition Bond had the advantage of being able to compare

laboratory scale measurements with much industrial grinding data and thereby

rationalize laboratory results.

However, the Bond index is an empirically derived result. As such, it is most useful

within the range where measurement was made. Also, it is less connected to basic

theory than would be an expression derived from first principles. Such an expression

has not been definitively forthcoming although studies reported by K. S. Free, et al

(2004) have attempted to move in that direction. The Bond work index is likely best

viewed as a first approximation of what occurs as a result of different levels of blasting

energy.

Finally, a Russian study (Mertz, et al) showed continued improvement at very high

powder factors. Blast energy was varied from 0.8 kg/m^3 up to as high as 20kg/m^3.

Findings were published up to 5.5 kg/m^3 (3.9 lbs/T).

Power consumption in crushing fell by 40% when the powder factor rose from 0.25 Kg/T

to 1.43 Kg/T. Magnetic separation was used to recover magnetite in the operation

studied. The liberation of the ore was also improved due to micro-cracks between

mineral boundaries formed during blasting. The study found an increasing number of

cracks at higher powder factors.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 9 of 14

Mertz, et al did not relate the hardness of the fragments to work index. However, it is of

interest to note that these authors found benefit at considerably higher powder factors

than are normally considered in optimization programs.

Increased stress at points away from the borehole can help explain why improved

results were seen, even at unusually high powder factors.

Another approach to measuring the results of changes to blasting is the t10 model. This

model was originally developed by JKMRC (Narayanan and Whiten, 1988). A modified

form of the equation was developed at the Utah Comminution Center and reported by

Milin (1994)The product of the breakage parameters A and b is said to be a good

measure of the softening of particles. The recent research by Katsabanis, et al has

shown that the product Ab is higher when the powder factor is increased and this

indicates more softening.

A study is needed that measures Ab for rock in blasts having different powder factors.

The throughput and power consumption of SAG mills processing this ore should also be

measured. This will help establish the relationship of the t10 model to actual mill results.

At the same time Bond work index can be measured. With Bond, the t10 results and

SAG mill performance, more clarity about the best descriptors of the effects of blasting

on downstream processes can be gained.

With research of this sort it will be possible to better understand where gains from

blasting can be best made. Is in throughput, in stages of crushing, in grinding, etc? At

this point the answer is not entirely clear and may in fact differ for different projects.

One cannot discount the results of actual drill to mill implementations. There is ample

evidence that mines have improved results by designing blasts intended to affect

operations much further downstream than traditionally considered. Therefore, operators

should not be discouraged from attempting drill to mill implementations by the state of

the theoretical understanding.

to mill blasting programs. The more understanding there is at the basic level the more

effective the drill to mill process will be. Thus, research in this field is very important and

must continue.

Drill to mill optimization will only be successful if the blasting is a carefully controlled

process. When changes to Bond work index or other measures of softening are not

large, poor quality control will produce inconsistent results.

If a large degree of softening is achieved, it will mask losses due to poor design and

implementation. Therefore, production and economic benefit that could have been

achieved will be lost.

Six sigma is a management and quality control approach that lends itself to the drill to

mill process. Six sigma is a system of management intended to achieve world-class

results. It sets a goal of near perfection and provides a framework of statistical analysis

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 10 of 14

to measure and improve the performance of a process. Therefore six sigma can be

thought of as a philosophy, but also as a systematic method of measurement and

control.

Sigma is the Greek letter representing the standard deviation of a population. For a

normal distribution, 34 percent of observations are between the mean and sigma. Six

sigma, as used in the six sigma management method, refers to six standard deviations

to each side of the mean (Pande, Neuman, and Cavanagh, 2000). This very exacting

standard of performance means 99.9997 percent of occurrences are between the mean

and six sigma.

For example, suppose we have set a standard that drill holes must not be more than 1

foot away from the designed hole location. Then 99.9997 percent of drill holes must fall

between the designed location and one foot away. This is a challenging standard.

The six sigma problem solving process involves five steps. Define, measure, analyze,

improve and control. This process is known by the acronym DMAIC. Six sigma lends

itself very well to drill to mill projects because the model is very much in line with what

one is attempting to do.

Consequently, this approach provides both a model for achieving process improvement

and an exacting standard of quality control that must be met. Some of the variables that

can be subjected to six sigma quality standards include:

• Geology interpretation

• Blast design

• Drilling accuracy (burden, spacing and depth)

• Explosive selection

• Explosive loading

• Explosives quality

• Stemming quality and quantity

• Delay timing design

• Delay timing accuracy

• Front row hole placement

• Blast site preparation and laying out the blastholes

• Fragmentation distribution

challenging to understand and control. Success will depend on having a highly

controlled process in place that can repeatedly meet goals.

The question does arise as to the meaning of six sigma in a less controlled environment

than is represented by a manufacturing process for example. Some components such

as drilling accuracy and explosive quality are highly controllable. Others like geological

understanding and fragmentation distribution may be more difficult to control to the same

degree at acceptable cost.

In part, the problem of dealing with Mother Nature may be dealt with by the allowed

variance chosen. It should always be remembered that six sigma is both a philosophy

and a method. The philosophy of high standards of control should always stand.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 11 of 14

However, the quantitative methods may need to take into account the nature of the

process being improved.

What is certain is that without a control process that is exacting, in a realistic way, it is

not likely that the benefits of drill to mill will be consistently achieved. Therefore, it is

necessary to consider design and control of these blasting programs differently than has

often been the case in the past. The goal is challenging but the evidence indicates that

the reward is substantial.

Conclusions

Research has shown that Bond work index and t10 model parameters change when the

powder factor is varied. These measures show softening of fragments at higher powder

factor. Studies also demonstrate that fragmentation curves shift to finer fragmentation

for higher powder factor.

Different studies have shown significant variation in the magnitude of change of the

work index. This is almost certainly due in part to differences between rock types. It

may also be partly caused by differences in experimental procedure. The empirical

nature of the parameter may also lead to differences.

The analysis in this paper indicates that a decrease in Bond work index of at least eight

percent is required to produce grinding energy savings in taconite ore.

The t10 model is also useful to measure softening and has a relation to work index.

Therefore, it appears to also be a useful measure of the effect of blasting on subsequent

fragment behavior.

The best descriptor of downstream benefit from heavier blasting is unclear. More likely,

a combination of Bond work index and the t10 breakage parameters will provide the best

estimates. More work is needed relating the t10 breakage parameters to actual SAG mill

performance. Increased understanding of the amount of change needed in the

measures of material hardness to impact downstream operations will be beneficial.

Field research that examines the effect of powder factor at different distances from

detonated blastholes will be beneficial to understanding powder factor effects in the field

environment, which is likely to be impacted by a variety of factors such as structural

geology.

Exacting control of blasting is necessary to obtain all the gains of the drill to mill process.

The six sigma approach lends itself to such control, both as a philosophy and a

methodology. Mines contemplating drill to mill blasting need to decide how they will

achieve and maintain very high quality standards.

The question arises as to where the greatest benefit actually occurs. There is little

question at this time that throughput can be enhanced. The effect of powder factor on

the magnitude of change in Bond work index is less clear. Future work will help to clarify

whether the greatest benefit comes in stages of crushing, in grinding, and whether

throughput or energy saving is the greatest benefit. It is probable that different projects

will experience a different benefit set.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 12 of 14

There is ample evidence at this point in time that drill to mill process does lead to major

improvements in throughput and costs. Therefore mines should be considering how to

blast, not just for diggability but also to best accommodate all related downstream unit

operations. Ultimately, what should be done is an economic decision based on

decreasing the total cost of mining and milling.

References

Bond, F. C., (1952) The Third Theory of Comminution, Mining Engineering, May pp 484-

494.

Eloranta, J., (2002) The Role of Blast Operations in Metal Mining, Proc of the 28th

Annual Conference on Explosives and Blasting Technique, Feb., pp 45-54

Free, K. S.M. McCarter, M. K., and King, R. P., (2004) Evaluation of a New Method For

Work Index Evaluation Using Single Particle Impact Tests, SME Annual Meeting, Feb,

Denver, CO

Integrated Comminution System. Proc. Of FRAGBLAST 5, Fragmentation by Blasting,

Montreal, Canada, August 25-29, pp 269-277.

and Timing on the Impact Breakage of Rocks, Proc of 34th Annual Conference on

Explosives and Blasting Technique, Jan., New Orleans

McKinstry, R., Bolles, T. & Ranta, M., (2004) Implementation of Electronic Detonators at

Barrick Goldstrike Mines, Inc., Proc of the 30th Annual Conference on Explosives and

Blasting Technique, Feb., New Orleans, LA

Mertz, U. S., Shvarzer, V. Ya., Gontarenko, P. A., and Galich, T. N., The Effect of

Intensive Explosive Impacts on the Technological Properties of Ferrous Quartzites, UDK

622.235.622.341.1

Mining and Mineral Processing, JKMRC

Milin, L., 1994, Incomplete Beta Function Modeling of the t10 Procedure.

Internal Report, Comminution Center, University of Utah, pp. 43.

Characteristics from Single-particle Breakage Tests and its Application

to Ball-mill Scale-up, Trans. Inst. Min. Metall., Sec. C, Vol. 97,

pp.115–123.

Paley, N., and Kojovic, T., (2001), Adjusting Blasting to Increase SAG Mill Throughput at

the Red Dog Mine, Proc of 27th Annual Conf. On Explosives and Blasting Research,

Orlando, FL.

Pande, Peter S., Neuman, Robert P., and Cavanagh, Roland R. (2000). The Six Sigma

Way, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, pp 11-12 and pp 25-27.

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 13 of 14

Workman, Lyall and Eloranta, Jack (2003), The Effects of Blasting on Crushing and

Grinding Efficiency and Energy Consumption, Proc of the 29th Annual Conference on

Explosives and Blasting Technique, Feb., Nashville, TN

2009G Volume 2 - Considerations on the Effect of Blasting on Downstream Performance 14 of 14

- Iron Ore Pellet PlantUploaded byvuonghn
- Operation of Tube MillsUploaded byssk3712
- Controlling insects with heatUploaded byMilling and Grain magazine
- Chuong 2-Roller MillUploaded byAmit Sharma
- Not Only Failure CostsUploaded byJustin Chan
- Success 6 SigUploaded byDarren Tan
- WCP Wshop Ppt for MPC-PenangUploaded byRamli Abu Hassan
- Ballbal ReverseUploaded byroberto
- 29176434 04 Vertical Roller MillsUploaded byaktaserdinc
- Improve Quality via Qms Through Quality ToolsUploaded byIAEME Publication
- Cement Process ChemistryUploaded byElZeroMJ
- Laboratory ProceduresUploaded bykrishnafoodtech2004
- 06 of 08 - Lean Six Sigma Overview - Analyze Phase of DMAICUploaded bypavankks
- En KD DatasheetUploaded byKamel Mahmoud
- Aa Automation Mpc Sag Mills Flotation CircuitsUploaded bycfarronayy
- Improving Performance of Biscuit Production ProcesUploaded byKtib Fouad
- International Projects Cerro VerdeUploaded bycbqucbqu
- Design of a Bicycle Peddle Operated Grain MillUploaded byChristian Rueda
- Mamta MeenaUploaded byTarun Bhati
- Chuong 2-Roller MillUploaded byvipin
- z1234Uploaded byMertcan Aslan
- 093.pdfUploaded byJosua Aditya Pratama
- Cryogenic File SystemUploaded byRajesh Behera
- Six SigmaUploaded byCharith Koggala Liyanage
- Six SigmaUploaded byrohitboy123
- DocumentUploaded byManu Chowdary
- AE 156 Lecture NotesUploaded byNestor Paul Ubalde
- Study CheckListUploaded byPrashanthMNair
- Continuous Improvement Strategies in Tqm (1)Uploaded bySarfaraj Ovi
- PHI-FER MILLUploaded byRahul Roy

- 2014 TransparencyInCorporateReporting EnUploaded byJordi Jaumà
- resumen.docxUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- REPORTE POST VOLADURA 3145625.pdfUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- Q2 FY18 Data SummaryUploaded byAdam B
- BE17805, Jan 3 _18 12_13_58 ERRUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- PlantillaUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- CFI Lesson 8 RegulationsUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- CFI Lesson 2 AerodynamicsUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- CRONOGRAMAUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- Sched UaleUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- FormatoUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- 01V108GUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- MineUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- 9-17Uploaded byAkemi Lucero
- ImpactUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- WorUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- Be Qp&a Sols Ch12_fm14_imUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- movidasUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- Zhang 2014Uploaded byAkemi Lucero
- TQMUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- descripciónUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- PRESIÓNUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- ONDA ELEMENTALUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- SilvaDissertation2012.pdfUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- EFECTOS DE LA CONTABILIDADUploaded byAkemi Lucero
- Lilly - Use of Blast Ability IndexUploaded bydaverfenn
- BI dan GSIUploaded byAhmad Fannan

- Lean Self Assessment SpreadsheetUploaded byCristian Eduardo Ariel ROJAS
- Maturity Model Smith FingarUploaded byPaulo Cesar Barreto
- International Journal of Six Sigma and Competitive Advantage Volume 4 Issue 2 2008 [Doi 10.1504%2FIJSSCA.2008.020281] Hasenkamp, Torben; Olme, Annika -- Introducing Design for Six Sigma at SKFUploaded byJQuest
- Vba Tool for SpcUploaded bysushmax
- CforC_NI_RoleUploaded byÖzcan Çavuşoğlu
- Book Complete SS-YBUploaded byshekry
- Class 3 NotesUploaded byJason Fischer
- Six Sigma EvaluationUploaded byreddylogin
- CVUploaded bySwati Gadave-Chougule
- the-value-of-a-lean-culture.pdfUploaded byEmmanuel BC
- Accenture High Performance Government Executive Summary State and LocalUploaded byBrian Meshkin
- 6 Sigma Projects PresentationUploaded bybellbesh
- 001 Six Sigma Beyond [Compatibility Mode]Uploaded bymrinalbohra
- IDET LSSGBUploaded byHector Garcia
- Using_Six_Sigma.pdfUploaded byDeepankar Dey Kirty
- LSSA Green Belt ISQI Sample Paper Question Booklet v1.1Uploaded byKhatija Kam
- Ahmad Ammar ThesisUploaded byAdrian Pugna
- 17513 (1) msbte model answer paper of software EngineeringUploaded byParam Kamble
- GE Capital HowTo Driving Change and Continuous Process ImprovementUploaded byargie01
- Lean Six SigmaUploaded byMaría Luisa
- VP Continuous Improvement in Chicago IL Resume Mike MicklewrightUploaded byMikeMicklewright
- IT Performance Improvement With COBIT and the SEI CMMUploaded byJerome B. Agliam
- Project Management Module 4 ScriptUploaded bygustavo_baez_19
- Calculating Financial Impact of Lean Six Sigma ProjectsUploaded bykbobhate
- Bozarth_ch03Uploaded byJudith Fajardo
- Final Stretegic Quality and System Management FullUploaded byParth Chokshi
- Reliability EngineeringUploaded byKartik Gupta
- TLS Toc Lean and Six Sigma Marris ConsultingUploaded bySalvador Peña Ugalde
- Sin Yin LengUploaded byazril27
- QM0011 Principles and Philosophies of Quality ManagementUploaded byajayvmehta