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VK-53 (ВК-53)

ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH

MAINTENANCE MANUAL

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section,
Sub-Section,
Title Subject Page

VK-53 (BK-53) ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH 024.23.01

Introdu 1/2

Description and Operation 1

Troubleshooting 101

Maintenance Practices 201/202

Storage Instructions 901

Shipment 1001/1002

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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

INTRODUCTION

The VK-53 (BK-53) Erecting Cut-Out Switch Maintenance Manual is intended for study and
proper maintenance of the devices.

This Maintenance Manual is compiled with due regard to all design and circuit amendments
introduced in the device and aimed at improvement of its operational reliability.

Set forth in the “Description and Operation” subject are purpose, basic specifications, principle
of operation, description of the device construction and other information necessary to study the
device.

Set forth in the “Maintenance Practices” subject is the information (given in the task cards)
necessary to ensure proper operation and normal serviceability of the VK-53 (BK-53) erecting
cut-out switch as well as the scope and methods of checking the switch before installation on the
aircraft, sequence of operations on the UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1) test equipment, series 2, and the
requirements for mounting.

Instructions on transportation and storage of the VK-53 (BK-53) switch are given in the
respective sections of the Manual.

The information is laid down proceeding from the assumption that the attending personnel have
a good knowledge of the information o n the principle of operation of gyroscopes and electrical
engineering fundamentals.

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Introduction
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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

034.23.01
Introduction
Pages 1/2
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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

VK-53 (BK-53) ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH –


DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

1. General

1.1. Purpose

The VK-53 (BK-53) erecting cut-out switch is a gyro indicator of the aircraft turn angular
velocity and is designed for switching off the gyro monitoring circuits as well as for switching
over the electric circuits of the other devices whereas the aircraft is executing turns.

The erecting cut-out switches are manufactured in three versions:

the VK-53RB (BK-53PБ), series 05 (Fig. 1), VK-53RSH (BK-53PШ), series 05 (Fig. 2) used on
the aircraft and VK-53RV (BK-53PB), series 05 (Fig. 3) used on the helicopters (for short,
hereinafter the switches are referred to as “VK-53 (BK-53)” while the airplanes and helicopters
are referred to as “aircraft”).

As to their specifications, outline and mounting dimensions and mass, the VK-53RB, (RSH, RV)
(BK-53PБ, PШ, PB), series 05 switches, are similar to the VK-53RB, (RSH, RV) (BK-53PБ,
PШ, PB) switches of series 03 and 04 and they are interchangeable.

The VK-53RB (BK-53РБ) and VK-53RSH (BK-53PШ) erecting cut-out switches do not differ
in design, except for plug connectors: the VK-53RB (BK-53РБ) switch has the
SHR32PK14NSH5 (ШР32ПК14НШ5) plug connector and the VK-53RSH (BK-53PШ) has the
SHR32PK14NG5 (ШР32ПК14НГ5) plug connector.

When being installed on helicopters, the VK-53RB (BK-53PБ) erecting cut-out switch, series 05,
is provided with a modified shock insulating unit in order to ensure proper operation.

Used as shock insulators are gaskets made of foam rubber instead of solid-rubber gaskets that are
used for the VK-53RB (BK-53РБ) and VK-53RSH (BK-53PШ) erecting cut-out switches.

The VK-53RV (BK-53PB) erecting cut-out switch employs the SHR32PK14NG5


(ШР32ПК14НГ5) plug connector.

1.2. Principle of Operation

The device principle of operation is based on usage of the gyroscope with single-degree-of-
freedom to bring the gyro spin axis and the torque axis to alignment.

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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

The VK-53RB (BK-53РБ) Erecting Cut-Out Switch Series 05


Fig. 1

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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

The VK-53R (BK-53РШ) Erecting Cut-Out Switch, Series 05


Fig. 2

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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

The VK-53RV (BK-53РB) Erecting Cut-Out Switch, Series 05


Fig. 3

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When an aircraft obtains angular speed, the gyroscope deflects by an angle proportional to this
angular speed and switches on the time delay system that opens the gyro erection circuit through
the actuating part with a delay of 5 to 15 s after beginning of the action of the angular speed.

The gyro erection cut-out time delay is introduced so that the cut-out occurs only when the
aircraft angular speed gets steady but not at transient oscillations of the aircraft.

The layout diagram of the VK-53 (BK-53) switch gyro part with the aircraft rolling into a turn is
presented in Fig. 4.

When the aircraft turns relative to the axis of measurement at an angular velocity of ω and a roll
of γ, the torque will be applied to the gyro spin axis. Under the action of this torque, a gyro
torque (Mg) occurs around the “a-a” axis that tends to align the gyro spin axis with the input axis
along the shortest track.

Mg = H ⋅ ω ⋅ sin (H, ω) = H ⋅ ω ⋅ cos (β – γ), (1)

where: Mg is a gyro torque, gf⋅cm;

H is a gyro angular momentum, gf⋅cm⋅s;

ω is a turn angular velocity, °/s;

(H, ω) is an angle between the directions of the H and ω vectors;

γ is an aircraft angle of roll;

β is an angle of the gyro turn relative the initial position.

Due to the gyro precession acting in the direction of the gyro torque the gyro assembly will turn
with regard to the axis of precession.

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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

“a–a” – gyroscope suspension axis

1. Gyromotor housing
2. Spring
3. Gyromotor
4. Terminal lug
5. Contact brushes

The VK-53 (BK-53) Switch Gyro Part with Aircraft Turning.


Layout Diagram
Fig. 4

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The gyro assembly precession will continue until the gyro torque is balanced by the tension force
of spring 2 that develops a torque relative to the axis of precession applied in the direction
opposite to the gyro torque:

Msp = K ⋅ A2 ⋅β , (2)

where: Msp is the spring torque, gf ⋅ cm;

K is the spring rigidity;

A is the spring arm (distance between the spring fixing point and the “a-a” axis);

Aβ is the spring deformation;

KAβ is a force developed by the spring.

With the mode of operation being steady, the gyro torque is equal to that of the spring, i.e.
Mg = Msp, or

H ⋅ ω ⋅ cos (β – γ) = K ⋅ A2 ⋅ β0 , (3)

H
whence β0 = ⋅ ω ⋅ cos (β – γ).
K ⋅ A2

Hence, assuming that the angular, speed is steady it could be said that ω = ω0 = const., whence

H
β0 = ⋅ ω0 ⋅ cos (β - γ), (4)
K ⋅ A2

where β0 is an angle of turn of the gimbal at a steady turn speed.

As it follows from the above equation, the β0 angle (with K, A, and H being constant) depends not
only on the turn angular velocity but also on the aircraft roll.

As the spring specific torque selected for the construction of the erecting cut-out switch is rather
high, the gimbal deflection angle β is rather small and may be neglected (as distinct from the roll
angle γ) in the cos (β - γ) expression applied to the aircraft heavy roll.

H H
β0 = ⋅ ω0 ⋅ cos (–γ) = ⋅ ω ⋅ cos γ. (5)
K ⋅A 2
K ⋅ A2

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The parameters of the gyroscope and spring (H, K, A) selected for the erecting cut-out switch so
that to ensure a minimum threshold of sensitivity of the device (the minimum angular velocity at
which the erection of the gyro gets cut out), i.e. selected is an adequate value of angle β at which
contact brushes 5 move from the middle part of terminal lug 4 to its extreme ends.

The threshold of sensitivity of the erecting cut-out switch shall be at least 0.11°/s and not exceed
0.3 °/s.

In order to exclude cutting-out of the gyro torquing at transient oscillations of the aircraft,
provision is made in the erecting cut-out switch for the time delay system.

This system is essentially an electromechanical device that feeds a signal for switching on of the
actuator relay not earlier than 5 s after the aircraft has commenced turning.

1.3. Main Specifications

(1) Voltage and frequency of the power supply sources:

DC power source ...................................................................................... 27 ± 2.7 V

Three-phase AC power source ................................................................. 36 +−22..58 V


................................................................................................................... (400±8) Hz

(2) Consumed AC current (normal rate):

in phases I, II ............................................................................................ 0.45 A, max

in phase III (in operating mode) ............................................................... 0.48 A, max

(3) AC power consumed ................................................................................ 28 V⋅A, max

(4) DC power consumed ................................................................................ 3 W, max

(5) Threshold of sensitivity of erecting cut-out switch

(the minimum angular velocity at which the gyro torquing


gets cut off) ............................................................................................... 0.11 to 0.3 °/s

(6) Gyro torquing cut-out time delay:

under normal weather conditions


and at the rated power supply ................................................................... 5 to 15 s

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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

at an ambient temperature of +50 °C and –60 °C


and at power supply limiting values ....................................................... 5 to 20 s

(7) Gyro torquing cut-out time asymmetry:

der normal weather conditions


and at rated power supply ........................................................................ 5 s, max

at air ambient temperature of +50 °C and –60 °C


and at power supply limiting values ........................................................ 8 s, max

(8) Maximum current intensity in load circuits


over the PES9 (РЭС9) relay contacts ...................................................... 200 mA, max

(9) Operating temperature range ..................................................................... from –60 to +50 °C

(10) The VK-53RB and VK-53RSH (BK-53PБ and ВК-53PШ)


switches are vibration resistant within following frequency
ranges of vertical vibrations:

at amplitude of 1 mm ............................................................................. 20 to 40 Hz

at g-load of 2.5 ....................................................................................... 41 to 80 Hz

(11) The VK-53RV (BK-53PB) switches ranges


are vibration resistant within following frequency ranges
of horizontal and vertical vibrations:
at amplitude of 1.1 mm in vertical direction
and 0.86 mm in horizontal direction ..................................................... 10 to 34 Hz

at g-load of 2.5 in vertical

and horizontal directions ........................................................................ 35 to 80 Hz

at g-load of 0.3 in vertical direction ...................................................... . 130 to 140 Hz

(12) Readiness time for operation:

at temperature of +25 °C and +50 °C .................................................... 3 min, max

at temperature of –60 °C ....................................................................... 5 min, max

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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

(13) Switch mass (together with shock frame

and plug connector):

VK-53RB (BK-53PБ), VK-53RSH (ВК-53PШ) .................................. 2600 g, max.

VK-53RV (BK-53PB) ........................................................................... 2700 g, max

(14) Altitude performance .............................................................................. up to 26,400 m

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2. Description

The erecting cut-out switch is a gyro sensor provided with a time delay system and an actuating
(relay) part. It consists of the following units.

2.1. Gyro Assembly

The gyro assembly (Fig. 5) is essentially gyromotor 1 of the GMA-4JU1M (ГМА-4Ю1М) type
(Fig. 6) encapsulated in a housing. The gyro assembly housing consists of case 2 (see Fig. 5) and
cover 3 coupled together with a gyromotor axis with the help of threaded bushing 5 with nut 6
and bushing 4 embedded in the cover.

The gyromotor stator wires are brought out through bushing 5 and secured on electric wiring
adapter 7.

Electric wiring adapter 7 is used to feed power supply to the gyromotor.

The gyro assembly is suspended inside the erecting cut-out switch casing on two axes secured to
case 2.

With the gyro assembly being turned relative to horizontally-mounted axle 10, it is statically
balanced through every 90° with respect to the suspension axle with the help of lead balance
weights 11 located on the side of the case and cover.

Gyromotor 1 is mounted in the housing so that clearances A and B are at least 0.5 mm.

Secured on case 2 is post unit 8 of the brushes of the transmitter used to feed a signal for cutting
out of the gyro torquing and bracket 9 for centering springs.

2.2. Gyro Erection Torquing Cut-Out Signal Transmitter

The gyro erection torquing cut-out signal transmitter (Fig. 7) consists of two springs 3 with
brushes and terminal lug 2.

Each pair of brushes 2 (Fig. 8) is soldered to bronze flat spring 1 that is fixed on post unit 4 (see
Fig. 7) of the gyro assembly.

The brushes are made of palladium and iridium alloy, the brush diameter equals 0.15 mm.

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1. Gyromotor
2. Case
3. Cover
4. Threaded bushing
5. Threaded bushing
6. Nut
7. Electric wiring adapter
8. Post unit
9. Bracket
10. Axle
11. Balance weight

Gyro Assembly
Fig. 5

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The GMA-4JU1M (ГМА-4Ю1М) Gyromotor


Fig. 6

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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

1. Casing
2. Terminal lug
3. Springs with brushes
4. Post unit
5. Gyro assembly

Gyro Erection Torquing Cut-Out Signal Transmitter


(with gyro assembly)
Fig. 7

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1. Spring
2. Brushes

Brushes of Gyro Erection Torquing


Cut-Out Signal Transmitter
Fig. 8

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The terminal lug (Fig. 9) is essentially a plastic part fixed on casing 1 (see Fig. 7) of the device.
Embedded in the terminal lug is a plate made of palladium-to-silver alloy and cut into three
parts.

Soldered to the middle of terminal lug 2 (see Fig. 7) of the construction in use is a lead of the
DID-0.5S (ДИД-0.5С) motor control winding. The ends of terminal lug 2 are respectively
connected to phases I and III of the power supply source.

2.3. Reduction Gear

The reduction gear (Fig. 10) consists of two pairs of gears with pinions, output axle 4 with a
gear, secured between plates 1 and 2 and four axles 3.

Plate 1 mounts the DID-0.5S (ДИД-0.5С) motor. Plates 1 and 2 are interconnected by means of
posts 5.

The gear ratio from the DID-0.5S (ДИД-0.5С) motor to the reduction gear output shaft is
1:2824.

Secured on plate 1 is bushing 6 used to increase the distance between the output shaft supports,
to limit its axial displacement and to provide a base for fastening the potentiometer.

Journals of axles 3 and 4 are to be lubricated with oil 132-21.

2.4. Potentiometer

The potentiometer main part (Fig. 11) is ring 3 wound on which (with turns touching) is an
enamel-covered wire, dia. 0,08 mm, made of platinum-iridium alloy characterized by a high
specific ohmic resistance and adequate corrosion-preventive properties; there is no burning
detected when the wipers made of a palladium-iridium alloy move along such a potentiometer.
The wipers are installed in the switch assembly with components (see Fig. 13).

Ring 3 (see Fig. 11) with the wire wound on it is tightly fitted on holder 11 and tightened with
band 12 with the help of wire 13.

The inner annular projection of band 12 enters the respective (annualar) slot of ring 3, thus
tightening the potentiometer wire and fastening ring 3 on holder 11.

There is parchment gasket 2 placed between holder 11 and ring 3. Riveted to band 12 are two
terminal lugs 1 to which the potentiometer output leads are soldered.

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1. Base
2. Middle part of terminal lug
3. Terminal part of the lug
4. Terminal part of the lug

Terminal Lug
Fig. 9

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1. Main plate
2. Plate
3. Axle with gears and pinions
4. Output shaft
5. Post
6. Bushing

Reduction Gear
Fig. 10

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1. Potentiometer 8. Smaller spring


terminal lug 9. Spring
2. Gasket 10. Contact plate
3. Ring 11. Holder
4. Potentiometer holder 12. Band
5. Screw 13. Wire
6. Gasket 14. Rivets
7. Holder

Potentiometer
Fig. 11

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The working surface of the potentiometer track (not less than 4 mm wide) is cleaned of
insulation and polished.

The potentiometer turns within sectors of 20° ±1° from the potentiometer terminal points are
short-circuited in order to obtain the required parameter of the potentiometer, i.e. a voltage drop
per degree (1°) of the potentiometer turn.

Holder 11 of the potentiometer is also used as a holder for the wiper assembly of the switch. The
switch wiper assemblies together with terminal plates 10 made of a copper-silver alloy and
springs 8 are fixed on holder 11 with screws 5. Springs 8 are designed to ensure a stable contact
pressure.

The switch (Fig. 12) consists of contact ring 2 made of a copper-silver alloy and cut into four
sectors – 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d.

The 2a and 2b sectors having angles of 60° are electrically actuated from each other.

In horizontal flight (the gyro torquing is switched on) these sectors are in contact with plates 10
(see Fig. 11) – see Item 3.2.

Two other sectors (2c, 2d, see Fig. 12) have angles of 120°. They are electrically short-circuited
with lead 3. With the object turning (the gyro torquing is switched off), these sectors contact
plates 10 (see Fig. 11) – see Item 3.2.

2.4.1. Potentiometer Specifications

(1) Power supply (over ballast resistor):


voltage ...................................................................................................... 36 V AC
(phases I – III)
frequency .................................................................................................. 400 Hz
(2) Resistance between terminal lugs ............................................................ 270 ohms ±15 %

(3) Non-uniformity of winding ...................................................................... ±1°, max

(4) Angle between supply wipers .................................................................. 180°

(5) Total resistance before short-circuiting of leads ...................................... 1200 ohms ±15 %

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1. Disc
2. Contact ring
3. Lead
4. Bushing

Switch
Fig. 12

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2.5. Switch with Component Parts

The switch with component parts (Fig. 13) consists of switch 2 proper and washer 1 with
potentiometer wipers.

The switch proper is essentially plastic disc 1 (see Fig. 12) embedded into which are contact ring
2 with leads 3 and bushing 4 used to fix the switch.

The wiper assemblies of the switch are secured with screws 5 (see Fig. 11) and gaskets 6 on
holder 11 of the potentiometer.

The wiper assembly (Fig. 14) comprises: washer 1 used as a wiper holder, wipers 3, dia.
0.15 mm, made of the palladium-iridium alloy and soldered to spring plates 2 and attaching
parts, namely screws 4 and plates 5.

2.6. Commutator

The commutator (Fig. 15) is made of molded plastic.

Embedded into the plastic are contact rings 2 made of a silver alloy together with insulating
washers 3.

Output leads 4 are soldered to each contact rings.

The commutator is a moving element of the device and is secured to the reduction gear output
shaft together with the switch and potentiometer wipers.

2.7. Holder with Commutator Brushes

Holder with commutator brushes (Fig. 16) consists of holder 1, spring 2 with brushes 3 and
connecting bar 4.

Springs 2 are mounted in the slots of holder 1 and electrically insulated.

Contact brushes 3 are made of the palladium-iridium alloy.

The commutator and brushes are designed to feed voltage from the potentiometer wipers to the
control winding of the DID-0.5S (ДИД-0,5С) motor.

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1. Washer with potentiometer wipers


2. Switch

Switch with Component Parts


Fig. 13

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1. Washer
2. Spring plate
3. Wiper
4. Screw
5. Plate

Wipers Assembly
Fig. 14

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1. Base
2. Contact rings
3. Washers
4. Output leads

Commutator
Fig. 15

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1. Holder
2. Spring
3. Brushes
4. Connecting bar

Holder with Commutator Brushes


Fig. 16

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2.8. Erecting Cut-Out Switch Assembly

Main plate 5 (Fig. 17) of the reduction gear mounts motor 7 of type DID-0.5S (ДИД-0,5С) with
a reduction gear. The motor is secured with two screws 6. Potentiometer 9 is fitted on bushing 8
of the reduction gear so that the potentiometer frame face rests against plate 5 of the reduction
gear.

Potentiometer 9 is fastened with the help of washer 10 and screws that are driven into the thread
available on main plate 5 of the reduction gear. Such fastening of potentiometer 9 makes it
possible to align it with output shaft 11 of the reduction gear.

Washer 10 is also used as a holder for the switch brushes. Output shaft 11 of the reduction gear
mounts switch 12 with potentiometer wipers and commutator 13 secured with nut 1.

Brushes 2 of the commutator are installed in holder 3 on bracket 4 that is secured to plate 5 of
the reduction gear with two screws.

The entire assembly of the erecting cut-out switch is fixed to the device casing with the help of
posts.

2.9. General Layout of Erecting Cut-Out Switch

Being the main element of the device, gyro assembly 5 (Fig. 18) is suspended from bearings 4
and 6 of the 1000095U (1000095У) grade, class A. Bearing 4 is fixed in cover 18 of the casing.

Bearing 6 is press-fitted into adapter bushing 9 that is secured in casing 14 of the device with the
aid of screws 10. The gyro unit axial play is adjusted with the help of gaskets placed under the
flange of bushing 9.

Fixed on the gyro assembly casing are brushes 7 of the transmitter used to supply a signal for
turning off the gyro torquing. The brushes touch terminal lug 8 of the transmitter mounted on
casing 14 of the device.

Springs 15 are used for setting the gyro unit to the initial position relative to the device casing.

Springs 15 limit the angle of turning of the gyro unit relative the suspension axle; to ensure the
stable operation of the device, the springs are preliminarily extended so that it is possible to
remove plays of the moving part of the system.

The gyro unit together with the transmitter that supplies a signal for turning off the gyro torquing
form a gyroscopic sensor of the device.

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

1. Nut 8. Reduction gear bushing


2. Commutator brushes 9. Potentiometer
3. Holder 10. Washer
4. Bracket 11. Reduction gear output shaft
5. Reduction gear plate 12. Switch
6. Screw 13. Commutator
7. DID-0.5S (ДИД-0,5С) electric
motor with reduction gear

Erecting Cut-Out Switch Assembly


Fig. 17

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

The device rear portion accommodates the switch assembly that is secured on casing 14 of the
device with the help of posts 12. Fixed on the same side of casing 14 are resistors 11: R1
(50 ohms, 1 W), R2 (3 kilohms, 1 W), R3, R5 (510 ohms each), R4.

Resistor R4 is a variant resistor and can be replaced during adjustment with resistors having the
following rated resistances: 300, 330, 360, 390, 430 ohms.

The gyroscopic sensor together with the switch assembly is tightly closed with housing 16 and
cover 18 secured to casing 14 of the device.

The front portion of the device (non-tight) accommodates a cover assembly consisting of tight
cover 20, two RES9 (РЭС9) relays and two resistors.

Casing 14 together with the cover assembly and all units and parts listed above is closed with
tight cover 20 and fixed in housing 16 with the help of threaded ring 21. Placed between cover
18 and tight cover 20 is rubber gasket 19.

Brass contacts 23 are embedded into cover 20.

Wire bundle 24 (consisting of 14 wires) is brought out through a pipe. The wire bundle is
protected against mechanical damage with a rubber sleeve glued over with rubberized fabric
and secured on the pipe with a textile bandage. The textile bandage is covered with a bushing
that is fixed with cover 1.

The cable assembly terminates in plug connector 22 of the SHR32PK14NSH5


(ШР32ПК14НШ5) type for the VK-53RB (BK-53РБ) switch or the SHR32PK14NG5
(ШР32ПК14НГ5) plug connector for the VK-53RSH (BK-53PШ) and VK-53RV (BK-53PB)
switches.

The SHR32PK14NG5 (ШР32ПК14НГ5) plug connector (Fig. 19) used for the VK-53RSH
(BK-53PШ) switch differs from the SHR32PK14NSH5 (ШР32ПК14НШ5) plug connector
(Fig. 20) used for the VK-53RB (BK-53РБ) switch by the contact pins that are located in the
plug while the terminal sockets are located in the connector. The plug is soldered to the unit
wire bundle while the connector is soldered to the wire bundle of the aircraft electrical system.

The construction of the SHR32PK14NG5 (ШР32ПК14НГ5) plug connector makes it possible


to mount and remove the VK-53RSH (BK-53PШ) erecting cut-out switch without unscrewing
the plug connector fastening screws.

The device wiring is performed with help of the MGSHV (МГШВ) wire in compliance with
the electrical diagram (see Fig. 22).

Provision is made in the erecting cut-out switch for grounding wire bundle 17 (see Fig. 18).

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Feb 28/83
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

1. Textile bandage
2. Screw
3. Rubber gasket
4. Nut
5. Screw
6. Detachable casing
7. Nut

SHR32PK14NG5 (ШР32ПК14НГ5) Plug Connector


Fig. 19

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

1. Textile bandage
2. Rubber gasket
3. Screw
4. Nut
5. Casing
6. Block
7. Screw
8. Casing
9 . Detachable casing

SHR32PK14NSH5 (ШР32ПК14НШ5) Plug Connector


Fig. 20

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Secure one lug of the wire bundle on cover 1 having preliminarily dressed the contact points of
coating. The other lug shall be secured to the frame of the shock absorber unit simultaneously
pressing it with the head of the mounting bolt.

2.10. Shock Absorber

To protect the erecting cut-out switch against vibration and shocks in operation, provision is
made for a shock absorber.

The shock (Fig. 21) consists of housing 4 provided with two longitudinal slots located in the
center plane. Secured to each end of housing 4 are thru eyes 5 with the help of which the housing
is extended in holder 7 on eight springs 6. Base 8 with bolts 9 and nuts 10 for fastening the
erecting cut-out switch in situ is secured to holder 7.

The erecting cut-out switch proper is placed inside housing 4 and fixed with the help of clamp 1
consisting of two halves, and screws 2 with nuts 3.

In order to protect housing 4 and the erecting cut-out switch from impacts against the holder at
the most high landing g-loads, provision is made for gaskets 11 made of solid rubber (for the
VK-53RB (BK-53РБ) and VK-53RSH (BK-53PШ) switches) or foam rubber (for the
VK-53RV (BK-53PB) switch).

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

1. Clamp
2. Screw
3. Nut
4. Housing
5. Eye
6. Spring
7. Holder
8. Base
9. Bolt
10. Nut
11. Gasket

Shock Insulator Unit


Fig. 21

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

3. Operation

The erecting cut-out switch operates in conjunction with aircraft gyroscopic devices, different types
of gyrocompasses, compass systems and vertical gyros provided with gyro erection mechanisms
used to orient the main gyro axes in the required direction.

The gyro erection mechanism sensing elements, i.e. a pendulum, a magnetoelectric system, etc., are
able to determine the proper direction (vertical, magnetic meridian plane) only under no
acceleration conditions. For example, to obtain stable readings of the aircraft roll and pitch angles,
use is made for the CVG (ЦГВ) device (master vertical gyro).

The centripetal acceleration that occurs at turning influences upon the device operation.

In the beginning of a turn, the gyro-stabilized platform deviates towards apparent vertical in the roll
plane at a speed of 1 to 1.5 °/min under the action of roll erection torque.

Then, the platform turns in the pitching plane.

During turn to the right or to the left, the device maximum error can be approximately determined
for the relay gyro erection from the formula:

F
αmax = β max = 2 , (6)
H⋅ω

where: α is the error in roll;

β is the error in pitch;

F is the maximum gyro erection torque (1 + 2 gf ⋅ cm);

H is a gyro angular momentum (4000 gf⋅cm⋅s);

ω is the turn angular speed.

In case of a long turn made at low angular velocities the errors may reach the values of the roll
angles of the aircraft during turn

V⋅ω
αmax = , (7)
g

where V is the aircraft ground speed;

g is acceleration of gravity.

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Thus, as it is shown above, the angles of the platform deviation with respect to the position
corresponding to the true vertical can exceed the permissible values.

The gyro erection is cut out by the erecting cut-out switch at an angular velocity exceeding 0.3 °/s.

The VK-53 (BK-53) switch schematic circuit diagram is presented in Fig. 22, the functional
diagram is presented in Fig. 23. The designations and symbols used in both drawings are similar.

The erecting cut-out switch is connected with the help of a 14-pin plug connector. A voltage of
36 V 400 Hz is fed to pins “1”, “2”, “3”.

The DC voltage of 27 V is supplied to the coils of the PEC9 (РЭС9) actuating relays via pins “4”
(“plus”) and “5” (minus”).

Fed to the Y-connected winding of the M1 gyromotor via flexible current leads (ГT) is a three-
phase voltage of 36 V 400 Hz.

The DID-0.5S (ДИД-0,5С) motor M2 has three windings: one winding is an excitation one (“1”–
“4”) and two windings are control ones (“2”–“6”, “3”–“5”).

The excitation winding is fed from phases II and III of the power supply source.

ATTENTION: ALTERNATION OF PHASES I, II, III OF THE POWER SUPPLY SOURCE OF


THE PT (ПТ) TYPE CORRESPONDS TO THE ALTERNATION OF PHASES
“B”, “A”, “C” OF THE DEVICE.

Lead “6” connects control winding “2”-“6” through the R4 additional resistor and the middle point
of the voltage divider that consists of the R3 and R5 resistors to phases I and III, while lead “2”
connects it to the middle part of the terminal lug (КЛ). The terminal lug ends are connected to
phases I and III.

With angular velocity present, one pair of brushes K contacts the middle part while the other pair
contacts one of the ends of the terminal lug (КЛ).

Control winding “3”–“5” is connected to the R potentiometer wipers through the (ПК) commutator
contact rings.

Power is fed to the potentiometer through the R6 additional resistor that is used to limit the voltage
supplied from phases I and III.

A positive-polarity 27-V DC voltage is applied from pin “4” of the plug connector to the switch (B).

A negative-polarity 27-V DC is applied only to the coils of the RES9 (РЭС9) actuating relay.

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

R1, R2, R3,


resistors
R4, R5, R6

R – potentiometer
B – erecting cut-out switch
P1, P2 – relays
КЛ – terminal lug
K – brush
ГТ – flexible current lead
M1 – gyromotor
M2 – motor DID-0.5S (ДИД-0,5С)
ПК – commutator

Erecting Cut-Out Switch. Schematic Diagram Diagram


Fig. 22

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49
Fig. 23
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Erecting Cut-Out Switch. Functional Diagram


R1, R2, R3, КЛ – terminal lug
resistors
K – brush
R4, R5, R6
ГТ – flexible conductor
M1 – gyromotor
R – potentiometer M2 – motor DID-0.5S
B – erecting cut-out (ДИД-0,5С)
switch ПК – commutator
P1, P2 – relays

034.23.01
Feb 28/83
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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

The R1 and R2 resistors are designed for spark quenching and reduction of radio noise produced by
the erecting cut-out switch in the DC power supply circuit.

The normally-open contacts of the REC9 (PЭС9) relay are connected to pins “6”-“7” of the plug
connector; connected to them are the circuits that shall get closed at turning. The normally-closed
contacts of the REC9 (PЭС9) relay are connected to pins “8”-“9”, “10”-“11”, “12”-“13” of the plug
connector; connected to them are the circuits that shall get opened at turning.

Pin “14” is used only when checking the REC9 (PЭС9) relay for serviceability; it is connected to
the coils of the PЭC9 relay via resistors R1, R2. Consequently, it is possible to check operation of
the REC9 (PЭС9) relay by applying the 27 V DC positive voltage to pin “14” and 27 V DC
negative voltage to pin “5”.

3.1. Operation of Erecting Cut-Out Switch during Straight Flight

During straight flight, both pairs of the terminal lug brushes are located on its middle part.

The electrical circuit of control winding “2”–“6” of the M2 motor is open.

The K wipers of the potentiometer are at an angle of 90° relative to its outlets. In this case, the
electrical potentials of the wipers are the same and, consequently, their difference applied to
control winding “3”–“5” of the M2 motor equals zero.

Both control windings are de-energized, the M2 motor does not operate. The B switch brushes
are located on the current insulated sections and a signal for actuating of the REC9 (PЭС9) relay
is not applied. Thus, during the straight flight, the VK-53 (BK-53) switch does not turns off the
gyro erection torquing.

3.2. Operation of Erecting Cut-Out Switch during Aircraft Turn

At a turn angular speed exceeding the operation threshold, the gyro unit turns around the “a”-a”
axis due to gyroscopic torque (see Fig. 4) and the brushes connected to it are located so that one
pair of the brushes is set on one of the terminal lug ends and the other pair will surely occupy the
place on the middle part of the terminal lug.

The brushes are electrically interconnected. Therefore, depending on the direction of the turn
(clockwise or counterclockwise), the “2”-“6” control winding of motor M2 is fed with a voltage
from phases I-III or III-I (see Figs 22, 23). Voltage phases I-III and III-I are displaced by 180°.

With the aircraft turning clockwise, the motor starts rotating in one direction and with the aircraft
turning counterclockwise, the motor rotates in the opposite direction.

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

The motor turns the erecting cut-out switch together with the potentiometer wipers that are
rigidly connected with it through the reduction gear.

As the R potentiometer wipers get displaced with respect to the initial position, the potential
difference occurred between them begins increasing. These difference is applied to the “3”–“5”
control winding of the motor.

The current in the “3”–“5” control winding is always in antiphase with the current of the “2”–“6”
winding.

Depending on the direction of the motor rotation (turn to the left or to the right) the wipers
moves and make the “3”–“5” winding get connected to phases III-I or I-III in series with the
potentiometer resistor.

With the motor shaft rotating, the voltage on the “3”-“5” winding rises, which results in the
increase of the braking torque.

As soon as the voltage on the “3”-“5” winding gets equal to the voltage on the “2”-“6” winding
(in absolute value), the moving torque on the motor shaft will be reduced to zero, thus bringing
the motor to the stop. This corresponds to the turn of the B switch and potentiometer wipers to an
angle of 40 to 60° relative to the initial position.

The brushes of the B switch moves to the short circuited areas earlier, approximately at an angle
of turn equaling 30°.

In this case the RES9 (РЭС9) relay coils are fed with a voltage of 27 V, the relays operate, and
their normally-closed contacts get open, as a result the external circuits are disconnected.

The B switch with brushes stays in this position for the entire period of action of the turn angular
velocity, i.e. during a turn the gyro erection torquing mode is switched off.

The delay time (td) of the erecting cut-out switch depends on the following parameters:

– average number of revolutions of the M2 motor (nav) for the period lasting from energizing of
the motor to the moment of setting the switch to the angle at which the gyro erection torquing
is switched off;

– gear ratio of the M2 motor reduction gear;

– value of the B switch sector angle at which the gyro erection torquing gets switched off (αB).

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

The delay time of the erecting cut-out switch can be determined from the formula:

αB
td = , (8)
6 ⋅ i ⋅ n av

where αB = 30°;

i = 1/2824;

nav = 2500 r/min,

30 ⋅ 2824
hence td = = 5.5 s.
6 ⋅ 2500
+7
When a supply voltage is changed by −8 % and the frequency is changed by ±2 %, at an ambient
temperature of +50 °C and –60°C, the time delay of the gyro erection torquing switching-off
varies practically from 5 to 20 s.

3.3. Operation of Time Delay System after Turning Is Over

After the turn is over and when the angular velocity becomes equal to zero, the gyroscopic
torque around the “a-a” axis (see Fig. 4) also becomes equal to zero. As a result, the springs set
the gyroscope to the initial position and the brushes (K) connected with it will be set on the
middle (de-energized) part of the terminal lug of the transmitter that feed a signal to switch off
the gyro erection torquing.

Consequently, feeding of voltage to the “2”-“6” control winding discontinues (see Figs 22, 23).

The “3”–“5” control winding remains energized getting power supplybeing fed from the
potentiometer wipers displaced from the zero position.

As it was stated before, the voltage on the “3”–“5” control winding is in the antiphase with
respect to the voltage applied to the “2”–“6” control winding during the aircraft executing a turn.
Therefore as soon as the turn is over and the “2”–“6” winding is de-energized, the M2 motor
starts rotating in the opposite direction under the action of the voltage on the “3”–“5” control
winding, thus directing the wipers to the zero position relative to the R potentiometer and the B
switch relative to its brushes.

When the B switch brushes move to the sectors that are not short circuited together a command
to switch on the gyro erection torquing will be applied to the actuating system.

The time delay of the gyro erection torquing switching-on ranges practically from 2 to 10 s.

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

When the potentiometer R wipers are set to the zero position, the “3”–“5” winding becomes de-
energized and the M2 motor will come to stop.

In this case, the B switch brushes will again be located in the middle of the sectors that are not
shorted together.

Accordingly, the output shaft of the M2 motor will return to the initial position with the help of a
feedback electrical signal.

With the output shaft of the motor being deflected from the neutral by 40 – 60°, this signal is
equal to the control signal.

The angle of operation of the switch contact is 30°.

034.23.01
Pages 43/44
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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

VK-53 (BK-53) ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH –


TROUBLESHOOTING

The most frequent defects occurred during operation and testing of the device, their probable causes
and methods of elimination are given in Table 101.

During troubleshooting, use can be made of the diagrams presented in Fig. 22 or 23 (see “Description
and Operation”).

All replacements and checks carried out during the troubleshooting shall be correspondingly recorded
in the Certificate for the VK-53 (BK-53) erecting cut-out switch.

T a b l e 101

Method of detection of
Trouble Probable cause Remedy
troubles

1. No DC power (1) Fuse on the UEGP- Check the fuse Replace the fuse
supply voltage 1 (УЭГП-1)
installation gets
blown
(2) The device external Check the external Eliminate the defect
circuits are circuits for continuity
discontinued
2. No power supply (1) No DC voltage is Measure the voltage at Eliminate the defect in
voltage in one of applied to the terminals “3”, “4”, “5” of power supply circuits
AC phases converter the plug connector of the
UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1)
installation. The voltage
shall be equal to 36 V
(2) Faulty converter Check the converter for Replace the converter
serviceability
3. Consumed (1) The GMA-4JUIM Check the GMA-4JUIM Replace the VK-53
currents are too (ГМА-4ЮIM) (ГМА-4ЮIM) (BK-53) switch
high gyromotor fails gyromotor for
serviceability with a
tester. Measure

034.23.01
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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Table 101, continued

Method of detection of
Trouble Probable cause Remedy
troubles

resistance between pins


“1”–“2”, “1”–“3” of the
VK-53 (BK-53) switch
plug connector. The
resistance shall range
from 8.5 to 11.5 ohms
4. Gyro erection (1) Confused phasing Check the phasing for Eliminate the defect
torquing fails to of supply voltage compliance with Item
switch off in one of 36 V 400 Hz 2.2 of Task Card No. 1
direction
5. Gyro erection (1) Failure of the Ring out the REC9 Replace the VK-53
torquing does not RES9 (РЭС9) (РЭС9) relay. (BK-53) switch
get switched off in relay Resistance between
both directions pins “4”–“5” of the
VK-53 (BK-53) switch
plug connector shall
range from 292.5 to
327 ohms
(2) Rotational speed is Check the rotational Adjust the rotational
less than 0.3 °/s speed of the UPG-48 speed of the turn table
(УПГ-48) installation
turn table

(3) No contact Measure the resistance Replace the VK-53


between the between pins “4”–“14” (BK-53) switch
brushes and switch of the plug connector.
The resistance shall
range from 0 to
0.5 ohms
6. Spontaneous (1) Feedback circuit is – Replace the VK-53
switching-on/off of broken (BK-53) switch
gyro erection
torquing (lamps on (2) The DID-0.5S – Replace the VK-53
the UEGP-1 (ДИД-0,5С) motor (BK-53) switch

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Table 101, continued

Method of detection of
Trouble Probable cause Remedy
troubles

(УЭГП-1 control winding is


installation are broken or
flashing
7. Gyro erection (1) Rotational speed of Check the rotational Adjust the turn table
torquing fails to be the UPG-48 (УПГ- speed of the installation rotational speed
switched on 48) installation turn table. It should not
turn table exceeds exceed 0.27 °/s
0.27 °/s
(2) The RES9 (РЭС9) Ring out the RES9 Replace the VK-53
relay fails to (РЭС9) relay contacts. (BK-53) switch
operate To do this, measure the
resistance between pins
“8”–“9”, “10”–“11”,
“12”–“13” of the
VK-53 (BK-53) switch
plug connector. The
resistance shall be
equal to zero.
The resistance between
pins “6”–”7” shall be
equal to infinity
8. Assymmetry in (1) Maladjustment of – Replace the VK-53
time of operation the terminal lug (BK-53) switch
brushes
(2) Displacement of Replace the VK-53
the bracket with (BK-53) switch

springs or
extension of one of
the springs

034.23.01
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Feb 28/83
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

VK-53 (BK-53) ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH –


MAINTENANCE PRACTICES

Maintenance practices presented in the form of Task Cards provide information required to ensure
proper maintenance and operation of the VK-53 (BK-53) switch, as well as the scope and methods of
checking the switch before its installation on the aircraft and the requirements for its installation and
removal.

034.23.01
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Feb 28/83
59/60
61
To M.S. No. Page(s)
_____________
TASK CARD No. 1 203 to 206

M.S. Item Labor consumption


034.23.01 Procedure: Checking VK-53 (BK-53) Switch for Serviceability (man-hours): _________

Checked
Operations and technical requirements (T.R.) Corrective actions
by

1. Preparation of VK-53 (BK-53) Switch for Checking

1.1. Mount the erecting cut-out switch on the turn table of the UPG-48 (УПГ-48) installation.
1.2. Check the turn table for leveling with the aid of the liquid level and adjust it if necessary.
1.3. Connect the VK-53 (BK-53) switch to the UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1) installation with the help of a
corresponding wire bundle (included into the UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1) installation set).
1.4. Set the switch on the rear wall of the UPG-48 (УПГ-48) installation to the OFF (BЫКЛ.)
position.
VK-53 (BK-53)

1.5. Connect the DC power supply source of 24 to 27 V to the UPG-48 (УПГ-48) installation.
1.6. On the UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1) installation , set the switches to the following positions: switch
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

B1 to the OFF position, B2 to the P3 SHUNT (ШУНТ) position, switch B3 to the OFF
position, switch B4 to VK-53, switch B5 to VK-53. The P1, P2, P3 (П1, П2, П3) selector
switches can be set to any position.
1.7. Connect two terminals “±27V” of the UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1) installation to a 27 V DC power
supply source with the help of an adapter wire bundle.
1.8. Use an adequate wire bundle to connect the PAG-1FP ((ПАГ-1ФП) converter to the
UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1) installation or connect 3 terminals “36 V 400 Hz” to the other AC
power supply source of 36 V 400 Hz

034.23.01
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Checke
Operations and technical requirements (T.R.) Corrective actions
d by

2. Checking Device Readiness for Operational

2.1. Set the B3 switch on the UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1) installation to the P2 SHUNT position and the
B1 switch to the ON (ВКЛ.) position.
2.2. Check the connection of phases for proper alternation watching the Л5 pilot lamp.
ATTENTION. IN CASE OF IMPROPER ALTERNATION OF THE PHASES IT IS
NECESSARY TO “THROW OVER” (TO INTERCHANGE) THE WIRES
CONNECTED TO TERMINALS “36 V 400 Hz” OF THE UEGP-1
(УЭГП-1) INSTALLATION. WHEN «THROWING OVER» THE WIRES
ON THE TERMINALS, SET THE B1 SWITCH TO THE “OFF”
POSITION.
2.3. Use the R1 and R2 rheostats to set voltages =27 V and 36 V, respectively, against the
voltmeters. Simultaneously start the stopwatch.
2.4. Watching the voltmeter check availability of a 36-V voltage, with the П2 switch being set
to any position.
VK-53 (BK-53)

3. Checking Current Consumed by Device


MAINTENANCE MANUAL

3.1. Set the B2 switch to position "1A" (but at least 3-4 min after the B1 switch is turned on).
ATTENTION. SET THE B2 SWITCH POSITION "1A" ONLY IF THE MODE IS
STEADY SINCE THE AMMETER SHUNT CAN BLOW OUT IF THE
SWITCH IS BEING TURNED ON DURING THE STARTING MODE ,
WHICH WILL RESULT IN FAILURE OF THE AMMETER.
3.2. Use the ammeter and in 3 or 4 minutes check the gyromotor working current that shall be
equal to 0.4 A in phases I and II and 0.43 A, in phase III. In this case, set the П1 selector
switch to the 1PH (1Ф), 2PH (2Ф), 3PH (3Ф) positions, respectively.

034.23.01
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62
63
Checked
Operations and technical requirements (T.R.) Corrective actions
by

3. Checking Gyro Erection Torquing for Turning-Off


3.2.Use the spinning wheel to set a required angular velocity of the turn table having adjusted the
UPG-48 (УПГ-48) installation to an angular velocity of 0.3 °/s (which corresponds to
passing of 15° of the UPG-48 (УПГ-48) dial for 50 s).
3.3.Turn on the turn table and simultaneously start the stopwatch.
3.4.Measure the time needed for the gyro erection torquing turning off from the moment at which
the UPG-48 (УПГ-48) installation turn table is turned on to the moment at which the green
pilot lamps go out.
The red pilot lamp shall start glowing.

4.4. Check the time at which the gyro erection torquing gets turned off, with the device rotating
clockwise and counterclockwise. The check shall be performed in 30 s.

5. Checking Gyro Erection Torquing for Cut-Out Failure


VK-53 (BK-53)

5.1. Adjust the turn table of the UPG-48 (УПГ-48) installation to an angular velocity of 0.1 °/s
(which corresponds to passing of 5° of the UPG-48 (УПГ-48) dial is passed for 5 s).
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

5.2. Increase the AC voltage up to 39 V and the frequency, up to 440 Hz.

5.3. Turn on the turn table and simultaneously start the stopwatch.

33.41.04
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Page 205
Checked
Operations and technical requirements (T.R.) Corrective actions
by

5.4. Check the time at which the green pilot lamps go out. The lamps shall remain glowing
for 45 s.

5.5. Check the gyro erection torquing for cut-out failure in the opposite direction.
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Test equipment Tools and appliances Expendable materials

UEGP-1 (УЭГП-1) installation UPG-48 (УПГ-48) installation –

33.41.04
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65/66
To M.S. No. Page(s)
____________
TASK CARD No. 2 207/208

M.S. Item Procedure: Checking Electric Resistance of VK-53 (BK-53) Erecting Labor consumption
034.23.01 (man-hours): _________
Cut-Out Switch Insulation

Checked
Operations and technical requirements (T.R.) Corrective actions
by

1. Checking Device Electric Resistance between Electric Circuits and Frame

1.1. Connect one terminal of the 500-V induction megger to the bonding wire bundle.
1.2. Successively connect the other terminal of the megger to each pin of the plug connector of
the erecting cut-out switch. The resistance in each case shall be at least 20 megohms.

2. Checking Electric Resistance of Insulation between Electrically Insulated Circuits

2.1. Connect the megger terminal to pins «3» and «5» of the plug connector of the erecting cut-
VK-53 (BK-53)

out switch.

2.2. Turning the megger knob, measure the resistance whose value shall be 20 megohms
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

minimum.

Test equipment Tools and appliances Expendable materials

Megger for 500 V – –

034.23.01
Feb 28/83
Pages 207/208
67
To M.S. No. Page(s)
______________
TASK CARD No. 3 209 to 211/212

M.S. Item Labor consumption


034.23.01 Procedure: Installation of the VK-53 (BK-53) Erecting Cut-Out Switch (man-hours): __________

Checked
Operations and technical requirements (T.R.) Corrective actions
by

(1) Before installation of the erecting cut-out switch on the aircraft check it for completeness in
compliance with the device Certificate.
(2) Put the erecting cut-out switch in any place in the aircraft equipment compartment where
overloads and other parameters do not exceed the preset values (see « Description and
Operation », Sub-Section 1.3, Items 9, 10, 11), having secured it with four screws through
the holes available in the base.
Perform installation in compliance with any of four variants (Fig. 201).
NOTE. The Manufacturer produces the erecting cut-out switches complete with a shock
absorber which makes it possible to install the device with its base down (variant 1).
VK-53 (BK-53)

In order to install the device in compliance with other variants, it is necessary to


change the position of eight springs in the rings of the shock absorber – four springs
per in each ring. To this end, bring the spring ends out of the ring holes, turn the
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

shock absorber in the required direction and bring the spring ends into the holes
available in the rings designed for fastening the casing of the erecting cut-out switch
in the required position.
Thus, the springs shall always be in one and the same position relative to the casing
of the erecting cut-out switch irrespective of the variant of installation.

034.23.01
Feb 28/83
Page 209
Checked
Operations and technical requirements (T.R.) Corrective actions
by

ATTENTION: 1. IT IS PROHIBITED TO LOOSEN TIGHTENING OF CLAMP AND MOVE


THE CLAMP OF THE ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH WITH RESPECT TO
THE HOLDER OF THE SHOCK ABSORBER AS IT MAY CAUSE
DISTURBANCE OF THE ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH CALIBRATION.
WHEN INSTALLING THE ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH WITH THE
BASE UP OR DOWN (VARIANTS 1 AND 2) THE BASE PLANE SHALL
BE SECURED HORIZONTALLY WITH AN ACCURACY OF ±2 °. IN THIS
CASE, THE AIRCRAFT SHALL BE SET TO THE HORIZONTAL FLIGHT
LINE.
WHEN INSTALLING THE ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH WITH THE
BASE TO THE RIGHT OR LEFT (VARIANTS 3 AND 4) THE FASTENING
PLANE OF THE BASE SHALL BE LOCATED VERTICALLY WITH AN
ACCURACY OF ± 2°.

2. DURING INSTALLATION IT IS NECESSARY TO LEAVE A DISTANCE


OF AT LEAST 15 MM BETWEEN THE ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH
AND THE ADJACENT DEVICES OR THE AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL
VK-53 (BK-53)

MEMBERS.
3. IN THE PLACE OF INSTALLATION OF THE ERECTING CUT-OUT
SWITCH THE SHOCK ABSORBER SHALL ENSURE FREE MOVEMENT
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

OF THE DEVICE EXCLUDING ACCIDENTAL IMPACTS AGAINST THE


ADJACENT PARTS AND ASSEMBLIES.
(3) Ground the erecting cut-out switch through the metal braiding.

Test equipment Tools and appliances Expendable materials

– Screwdriver –
Wrench

034.23.01
Feb 28/83
Page 210
68
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Variants of Installation of Erecting Cur-Out Switch


Fig. 201

034.23.01
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69/70
71/72
To M.S. No. Page(s)
_____________
TASK CARD No. 4 213/214

M.S. Item Labor consumption


034.23.01 Procedure: Removal of the VK-53 (BK-53) Erecting Cut-Out Switch (man-hours): ____________

Checked
Operations and technical requirements (T.R.) Corrective actions
by

(1) Loosen grounding WIRE BUNDLE 17 (see Fig. 18).


(2) Disconnect plug connector 22.
(3) Remove nuts 10 and bolts 9 (see Fig. 21)
(4) Loosen the clamp with nuts 3 and screws 2 OF CLAMP 1 and remove housing 4 from the
device.
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Tools and appliances Expendable materials


Test equipment
– –
Screwdriver
Wrench

Pages 213/214
034.23.01
Feb 28/83
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
VK-53 (BK-53) ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH –
STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS

To ensure safe keeping of the VK-53 (BK-53) erecting cut-out switches during storage at the depots,
they shall be packed into containers.

Each of the devices shall be \wrapped in parchment paper and put in a polyethylene cover together
with the silica-gel dehydrator and silica-gel indicator plug. Than heat seal the cover. The VK-53 (BK-
53) switch put in a cover shall be placed in a box made of corrugated cardboard. Cardboard liners shall
be inserted in the space between the cover and box walls. The Certificate for the device is to be put in
the same box. The fasteners are mounted on the erecting cut-out switch itself.

The box is glued up a label with indication of the device name, its designation and term of storage.

The cardboard boxes are to be packed in wooden cases.

The mass of each case with the erecting cut-out switch packed in it shall not exceed 50 kg.

The packing list indicating the designations of the devices packed inside is enclosed into each of the
cases.

The following inscriptions shall be made on the outer walls of the cases:

“Side Up”;

“Do not turn over”;

“Drop”;

“Handle with Care”.

In addition, the name and designation number of the device as well as the number of the case shall be
indicated.

If the VK-53 (BK-53) is being stored at a depot the boxes containing the devices shall be placed on the
racks in closed and dry premises at a temperature of +10 to +30°C and relative humidity of 30 to 80 %.

The term of storage is to be specified in the Certificate for the VK-53 (BK-53) switch.

The premises where the VK-53 (BK-53) switches are being stored shall be free of acids, alkali,
gasoline and other chemicals that may adversely affect the devices.

It is recommended to store the erecting cut-out switches in the Manufacturer’s package.

034.23.01
Page 901
Feb 28/83
73
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Never place the boxes containing the devices one above another and at a distance of less than 1.5 m
away from the heating devices.

It is recommended to inspect 5% of the total number of the VK-53 (BK-53) devices being stored at the
depot every 6 months.

For this purpose, take out the devices of the cardboard boxes, inspect condition of the cover and color
of the silica gel.

The color of the silica gel shall be white at normal humidity.

034.23.01
Page 902
Feb 28/83
74
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
VK-53 (BK-53) ERECTING CUT-OUT SWITCH –
SHIPMENT

The VK-53 (BK-53) erecting cut-out switches are to be shipped in wooden cases by any kind of
transport and at any required distance.

In transportation, it is prohibited to drop and turn over the cases. To exclude this each of the boxes is
provided with inscriptions made in black printer’s paint on the outer walls of the cases in compliance
with the Manufacturer’s instructions.

When being shipped by truck, the cases shall be reliably secured in the truck body.

In transportation, check to see that the cases containing the VK-53 (BK-53) erecting cut-out switches
are protected against penetration of precipitation.

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VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

034.23.01
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Feb 28/83
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

034.23.01
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Feb 28/83
VK-53 (BK-53)
MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Выключатель коррекции ВК-53


Руководство по технической эксплуатации
(на английском языке)
ООО «ИЗДАТЕЛЬСТВО ТЕХНИЧЕСКОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ»
Изд. № UU-506 (а)

034.23.01
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78