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New Mexico Junior College Non-Destructive Testing

Liquid Penetrant Quiz 1

1. The advantage that liquid penetrant testing has over an unaided visual inspection is that:
A. The actual size of the discontinuity can be measured.
B. The depth of the defect can be measured.
C. The cause of the impact can be seen.
D. It makes defects easier to see for the inspector

2. When removal of penetrant from the defect due to over washing of the part is a concern,
which method would most often be used?
A. Fluorescent water washable method
B. Visible dye solvent removable method
C. Visible dye water washable method
D. Fluorescent post emulsified method

3. The threshold of visual acuity for a person with 20/20 vision is about:
A. 0.003 inches
B. 0.03 inches
C. 0.03 mm
D. 0.3cm

4. Which of the following is an advantage to LPI?

A. Large areas can be inspected
B. Parts with complex shapes can be inspected
C. It is portable
D. All of the above is an advantage

5.The total time the penetrant is in contact with the part surface is called the:
A. Penetrant dwell time
B. Developer time
C. Emulsifier time
D. Penetrant evaporation time

6. Which method is used to primarily to inspect small localized areas?

A. Method A
B. Method B
C. Method C
D. Method D

7. The total time that the penetrant is in contact with the part surface is called the:
A. Soak time
B. Baking time
C. Dwell time
D. Immersion time

8. When fluorescent penetrant inspection is performed, the penetrant materials are

formulated to glow brightly and to give off light at a wavelength:
A. Close to infrared light
B. Close to the wavelength of x-rays
C. That the eye is most sensitive to under dim lighting conditions
D. In the red spectrum

9. Penetrant can be applied by:

A. Dipping
B. Brushing
C. Spraying
D. All of the above

10. A penetrant must:

A. Change viscosity in order to spread over the surface of the part
B. Spread easily over the surface of the material
C. Have a low flash point
D. Be able to change color in order to fluoresce

11. Application of the emulsifier should not be performed with a:

A. Spray
B. Brush
C. Dip
D. Both A and B

12. Which of the following is a disadvantage of LPI?

A. Only surface breaking flaws can be detected
B. Surface finish and roughness can affect inspection sensitivity
C. Post cleaning is required
D. All of the above

13. Which of the following will produce higher sensitivity of a penetrant test?
A. Leaving the part immersed in the penetrant for the entire dwell time
B. Leaving the part immersed in the wet developer for the entire developer time
C. Using a nonaqueous wet developer
D. Allowing the specimen to drain-dwell during its dwell time

14. When performing a liquid penetrant test, the surface of the part under inspection should
A. Slightly damp
B. Clean and smooth to the touch
C. Free of oil, grease, water and other contaminants
D. All of the above

15. If the surface of the part has been machined, sanded or grit blasted:
A. The part may also require etching
B. It can be immersed in penetrant for its entire dwell time
C. It will require a shorter dwell time
D. It will need to be heated in order to open any cracks that have been peened over
16. Penetrants are designed to:
A. Perform equally
B. Perform the same no matter who manufacturers them
C. Shift in grade and value when the temperature changes
D. Remain fluid so it can be drawn back to the surface of the part
17. The steps listed would represent which type of penetrant method?
1. Pre-clean 2. Apply penetrant and allow to dwell. 3. Pre-rinse to remove first layer of
penetrant. 4. Apply hydrophilic emulsifier 5. Rinse to remove excess penetrant 6. Dry part
7. Apply developer and allow part to develop 8. Inspect.
A. Type I method A
B. Type I method B
C. Type I method D
D. Type II method D

18. Once the surface of the part has been cleaned properly, penetrant can be applied by:
A. Spraying
B. Brushing
C. Dipping
D. All of the above

19. POD stands for:

A. Product of discontinuities
B. Probability of defects
C. Probability of detection
D. Personnel over distributor

20. The pentrants that are used to detect the smallest defects:
A. Should only be used on aerospace parts
B. Will also produce the largest amount of irrelevant indications
C. Can only be used on small parts less than 10 inches in surface
D. Should not be used in the field