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I: Identification

Title of journal: Discourse Analysis of Martin Luther King’s Speech in Socio-Political


Author: Muhammad Aslam Sipra Assistant Professor, Department of GRC (English), JCC,
King Abdul aziz University, PO Box 80283, Jeddah 21589 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia E-mail:
aslamsipra@yahoo.com -Athar Rashid Assistant Professor, Faculty of English Language,
Literature & Applied Linguistics, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad,
Pakistan E-mail: athar.gs@gmail.com

Published: Accepted: 04/01/2013

Reviewer: Fredy wilamenggi

II: Main Idea

The article presents the Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) of the first part of King Martin
Luther’s speech “When I Have a Dream” in socio-political context. The study investigates
how it lies on the basis of application of Fairclough version of CDA in the first part of the
text. Moreover, it explicates the terms like social, cultural and political nequalities in the light
of text and framework. CDA specifically considers how language works within institutional
and political discourses as well as specific discourses in order to uncover overt or more often,
covert inequalities in social relationships. Language use in speech and writing is seen as a
social practice, which ‘implies a dialectical relationship between a particular discursive event
and the situation(s), institution(s), and social structure(s) which frame it’ (Fairclough and
Wodak, 1997: 258). Thus, in this two-way relationship, discourse is considered to be socially
constitutive as well as socially shaped. Since discourses are so influential, they can help to
produce and reproduce unequal power relations between different ethnicities, social
classes,genders, ages, and professional groups. CDA of the selected speech highlights the
relationship between language and power. It points out how Martin Luther in front of
Washington DC challenges Americans. The persuasive nature of the speech is disclosed
through CDA. Martin Luther motivates the audience through language of getting freedom
and makes them ready against the racial discrimination

Advantages:- many variable and references has collected by author
- Author give the other perspective about socio-political language
- Help the reader to know technique in speech

Disadvantages:- The limitations of the study are linked with the data for the analysis on the
interpretative paradigms of the research.
- Only first part of the just one speech is analyzed as it becomes very difficult to
handle the whole speech rather all speeches of King Luther
- Many metaphor language give the reader confuse

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