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MUKUYU HIGH SCHOOL

MID TERM EXAMS

TERM 1 2018

FORM FOUR TIME: 2HRS

SECTION A (30 MARKS)

Answer all questions in the spaces provided

1. Give four ways used to improve production in indigenous cattle. (2 mks)


i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

2. State two characteristics of goats that make them adaptable to arid (1mk)
i.

ii.

3. Name the exotic dairy cattle with (1mk)

i. Highest butter fat content

ii.Lowest butter fat content

4. Give two reasons why jersey breed is better suited for marginal areas than Friesians breed.
(1mk)
i.

ii.

5. Name four characteristics of indigenous cattle breeds. (2mks)


i.

ii.

iii.
iv.

6. State four advantages of keeping a herd of dairy cattle health. (2mks)


i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

7. state two ways by which proper feeding contribute to disease control in livestock. (1mk)
i.

ii.
8. Give four ways in which diseases can spread can spread from one animal to the other within the farm.
(2mks)
i.

ii.

iii.

iv.
9. Name two notifiable diseases in cattle. (1mk)

I.

ii.

10. State four signs of infestation by external parasites in livestock? (2mks)

i.

ii.

iii

iv.
11. Name the intermediate host for each of the following internal parasites.(1mk)

Tape worm (Taenia solium)

(ii) Liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica)

12. State four non-chemical methods of controlling ticks in cattle. (2mks)

i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

13. Give four measures that should be taken to control tapeworms on the farm. (2mks)
i.

ii.

iii.

iv.
14. What is a production ration as used in animal nutrition? (1mk)

15. Name two groups into which vitamins are classified. (1 mk)
i.

ii.
16. Differentiate between a roughage and a concentrate feed in animal nutrition (1mk)

17. Give four characteristics of a livestock roughage feedstuff. (2mks)


i.

ii.

iii.

iv.
18. Outline four functions of proteins in the body of an animal. (2mks)
i.

ii.

iii.

iv.
19. State four factors that are considered when formulating a livestock ration (2mks)
i.

ii.

iii.
iv.
20. Study the diagrams below carefully.
.

Identify the tools: (1mk)


M …………………………………………………………………….

N …………………………………………………………………………..

SECTION B (30 mks)


Answer all questions in the spaces provided.
21. Below is a diagram of a parasites. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.
i. Name the parasite (1mk) ………………………………………………………………………

ii. Classify the parasite (1mk) ……………………………………………………………………………..

iii) Name the developmental stage of the parasite in cattle muscles (1mk) . ……………………………………………

iv. State two livestock species attacked by the parasite (2mk)

a.

b.

22. Below is a diagram of a knapsack sprayer. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow:

a) Name the parts labeled: (2mks)

R.

b) State one function of the part labeled S. (1mk)


c) State the use of the equipment (1mk)

d) State two methods of maintaining the equipment (2mks)

i.

ii.

23. a) State three factors that influence digestibility of feedstuff. (3mks)

i.

ii.

iii.

b) A dairy farmer is required to prepare 100 kg of dairy meal containing 20% Digestible Crude

Protein (D.C.P.). Using the Pearson's Square Method, calculate the quantity of soya bean
(40% D.C.P.) and rice (16% D.C.P.) the farmer requires for the dairy meal.
(4 marks )

24. Below is an illustration of a camel. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
a) Identify the camel species illustrated above. (1mk) ……………………………………..

b) Name three products that farmers obtain from the camel species illustrated above. (3mks)

i.

ii.

iii.

c). Give two reasons why the camel species illustrated above is able to survive in its natural habitat.
(2mks)

i.

ii.

25. The diagram below shows the digestive system of cattle. Study it and answer the questions that
follow.
a) Name the parts labelled (3mks)

N ……………………………………………………………………….

P ……………………………………………………………………

Q ………………………………………………………………..

b). State one function for each of the parts labelled S and T. (2mks)

S ……………………………………………………………..

T ………………………………………………………………………..

c) Give one enzyme produced by the part labelled R (1mk) …………………………………………………

SECTION C (40MKS)

Answer all the questions in this section

26. ) a ) Give five harmful effects of liver flukes in sheep rearing. (5 mark)
i.

ii.

iii.

iv.
v.

b) State 5 indicators that can be observed on a goat to confirm sickness. (5mks)


i.

ii.

iii.

iii.

iv.

v.

c) Discuss methods used to control diseases in livestock (10mks)


27. a) Discuss the life cycle of a two host tick (8mks)

b) Discuss the use of various farm tools in the construction of a milking shed (12mks)

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