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Lesson Plan

Lesson: Kc and Kp for Heterogeneous system

Aim :

To study the equilibrium constants, Kc and Kp for heterogeneous systems.

Learning Outcomes :

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to :

1. explain the term heterogeneous system.

2. calculate Kc and Kp for heterogeneous systems.

Assumed prior knowledge :

Students should already be familiar with the concept of Kc and Kp for homogeneous systems.

Underlying Principles

1. Making the invisible, visible.

2. Enabling students to know what to look for.

Time taken to complete the activities : 80 minutes

Differentiation

Questions in the student notes are designed to enable all students to complete the activity.
The pop-up answers are provided for the students to view when they have considered their
responses. Worksheet questions include questions that require recall, understanding and
application of the new concepts learned.

© 2003 Ministry Of Education Malaysia. All Rights Reserved. Page 1 of 4


Development of Lesson :

No. Steps Strategy Resources

1 Set Induction. • Teacher to quiz students on the concept


(Ascertaining prior of Kc and Kp for homogeneous systems.
knowledge and
introducing lesson • Teacher to point out lesson objectives for
topic for the day). the day.

2 Student Activity Teacher to go through Activities 1 - 3 • Courseware


with the students.

• Activity 1 : Heterogeneous system

Students get to study the difference


between homogeneous and
heterogeneous systems. They are led to
understand why the concentration terms
of liquids and solids are omitted in the
equilibrium constant expression.

• Activity 2 : Calculations involving Kc


and Kp.
Students are shown how to calculate the
Kc and Kp values of a heterogeneous
system.

• Activity 3 : Use of the equilibrium


constant.

Students get to investigate the relationship


between the value of the equilibrium
constant and the extent of the reaction
involved.

3 Evaluation • Students to answer questions in the • Worksheet


student worksheet on their own.

4 Extension activity • Students to go through the extension • Websites


activities on their own. • Reference
books.

© 2003 Ministry Of Education Malaysia. All Rights Reserved. Page 2 of 4


Worksheet answers

1. Heterogeneous system

1.1 a. Kp = (PN2O) (PH2O)2 atm3

b. Kp = (PCO)2
–––––– atm
(PCO2)

c. Kc = [Fe 2+ ]
––––––––––– mol–1 dm3
[Fe3+ ][ Ag+ ]

d. Kp = PNi(CO)4
–––––––– atm–3
(PCO)4

e. Kc = [Ag+ ] [ Cl− ] mol2 dm-6

2. Calculations involving Kc and Kp

(3.0) 4
2.1 Kp =
( 2.2) 4
= 3.46

2.2 Kp = PNH3 PH2S

PNH3 = PH2S = ½ x 0.6


Kp = 0.3 x 0.3
= 0.09 atm2

2.3 a. Kp = (Pc)2PB kPa3

b. The partial pressure of a solid is constant

1
c. PB = x 6 x 103
3
= 2 x 103 kPa

2
Pc = x 6 x103
3
= 4 x 103 kPa

Kp = (2 x 103)(4 x 103)2
= 3.2 x 1010 kPa3

© 2003 Ministry Of Education Malaysia. All Rights Reserved. Page 3 of 4


2.4 a. Total pressure = 65 000 Pa
Partial pressure of H2S = 32 500 Pa
PNH3 = 32 500 Pa
... Kp = (32 500)2 = 1.06 x 109 (Pa)2
b. 1.06 x 109 = 70 000 x PH2S
... PH2S = 15 086 Pa
... Total pressure = 70 000 + 15 086 = 85 086 Pa

© 2003 Ministry Of Education Malaysia. All Rights Reserved. Page 4 of 4

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