Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

# Lesson Plan

## Lesson: Solubility Equilibrium

Aim :

To study the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and their equilibrium systems.

Learning Outcomes :

## 3. explain the common ion effect.

4. predict whether precipitation will occur when two solutions are mixed.

## 1. the concept of chemical equilibrium.

2. Le Chatelier’s principle.

Underlying Principles

## Time taken to complete the activities : 80 minutes

Differentiation

Questions in the student notes are designed to enable all students to complete the activity.
The pop-up answers are provided for the students to view when they have considered their
responses. Worksheet questions include questions that require recall, understanding and
application of the new concepts learned.

## © 2003 Ministry of Education Malaysia. All Rights Reserved. Page 1 of 4

Development of Lesson :

## 1 Set Induction. Teacher to quiz students to ensure that

(Ascertaining prior they have the background knowledge.
knowledge and
introducing lesson
topic for the day).

the students.

## Students get to view the equilibrium

established between a sparingly soluble
salt and its saturated solution. They are
also shown how the solubility product Ksp
is derived from the equilibrium constant.

## • Activity 2 : Calculations involving Ksp

Students are taught how to calculate the
solubility product of a sparingly soluble
salt using its molar solubility and vice
versa.

## Students get to view the effect of adding

a common ion to a salt solution.

## 3 Evaluation • Students to answer questions in the • Worksheet

student worksheet on their own.

## 4 Extension activity • Students to go through the extension • Websites

activities on their own. • Reference
books.

## © 2003 Ministry of Education Malaysia. All Rights Reserved. Page 2 of 4

1. Solubility Product

## b. Ksp = [Mg2+] [OH-]2

= (x)(2x)2

= 4x3

c. Ksp = 4x3

= 4(1.21 x 10-4)3

## Ksp = [Ca2+] [OH-]2

b. Let y = [Ca2+]
2y = [OH-]

## Ksp = [Ca2+] [OH-]2

= 4.0 X 10-5
= (y)(2y)2
= 4y3

[Ca2+] = y
= 0.020 mol dm-3

1.3 The original concentration of Mg2+ before any Mg(OH)2 precipitated is 0.10 mol dm-3.

Let x = [OH-]

## Ksp = 0.10 (x)2 = 1.2 x 10-11

x = [OH ] = 1.1 x 10-5 mol dm-3
-

pH = 14 – 4.96
= 9.04

## © 2003 Ministry of Education Malaysia. All Rights Reserved. Page 3 of 4

2. Calculations involving Ksp

## b. [Mg2+] in the mixture = 0.010 x 10 x 1000

1000 x 30
= 3.33 x 10-3 mol dm-3

## [CO32-] in the mixture = 0.020 x 20 x 1000

1000 x 30
= 1.33 x 10-2 mol dm-3

## Ionic product = [Mg2+] [CO32-]

= (3.33 x 10-3) (1.33 x10-2)
= 4.4 x 10-5 mol2 dm-6

c. Precipitation occurs because the ionic product has a bigger value than the
solubility product, Ksp.

## 3. Common Ion Effect

-
3.1 a. PbI2(s) Pb2+(aq) + 2I (aq)
-
Ksp = [Pb 2+] [I ]2

-
[I ] = 2x

Ksp = (x)(2x)2
= 4x3
= 1.4 x 10-8

## 1.5 x10-3 mol dm-3 of PbI2 dissolves in water.

500
Mass of PbI2 in 500 cm3 water = (1.5 x 10-3) x 461 x = 0.35 g.
100
b. The solubility of PbI2 decreases.
-
c. This effect is called ‘common ion’ effect. Iodide ion, I is the common ion.
-
d. Ksp = [Pb 2+] [I ]2

## Mass of PbI2 that dissolves in 500 cm3 KI solution

500
= 1.4 x 10-6 x 461 x
100
= 3.2 x 10-4 g

## Нижнее меню

### Получите наши бесплатные приложения

Авторское право © 2021 Scribd Inc.