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HIBISCUS BREEDING IN THE

PHILIPPINES: A THRIVING
SECTOR IN THE FLOWER
INDUSTRY
PABLITO M. MAGDALITA, Ph D
Associate Professor II & UP Scientist I
Project Leader-Hibiscus Breeding

Institute of Plant Breeding & Crop Science Cluster


College of Agriculture
University of the Philippines Los Baños
College, Laguna

Brief History of Ornamental Plant


Breeding in the Philippines
• early 1920’s – breeding of Hibiscus by Dr.
Nemesio B. Mendiola (†); results published from
1922 to 1931

• 1926 – publication of a book “A Manual of Plant


Breeding for the Tropics” by Dr. Mendiola

• 1948 – initiation of breeding at UPLB on


Mussaenda by Dr. Dioscoro L. Umali (†) and his
wife, Zenaida

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• 1979 – Anthurium hybridization by Dr.
Teresita L. Rosario at UPLB

• 1984 – breeding works on Aglaonema by


Dr. Romeo G. Gutierrez, a surgeon;
currently being revived by himself

• 1994 – Hibiscus Breeding Program by Mr.


Reynold B. Pimentel at IPB, then continued
by Dr. Pablito M. Magdalita in 2002 up to the
present.

Hibiscus Breeding and Selection

● The Philippines is considered as a global


biodiversity hotspot.

● There are an estimated 13,500 plant


species, of which 8,000 are flowering plants
and about 3,200 (40%) endemic and the
rest are introduced into the country like the
gumamela botanically known as Hibiscus
rosa-sinensis.

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• one of the most widely cultivated
flowering plants in the tropics
• very easy to propagate and not
exacting in its requirements for
growth and flowering
• attractive flowers are short-lived but
continuously produced throughout
the year
• used as potted plant, fence or
hedge plant and landscape shrub

● The current boom in real estate development


occurring around the country and the need for
ornamentals for greening (green roof, green
building, green wall), landscaping and
environmental sustainability is an encouraging
sign of bright years for the ornamental industry
like the hibiscus.

● Further, the value of ornamental hibiscus for


climate change adaptation such as those that
can stand less water, and those for health and
wellness like roselle (Hibiscus sabradiffa) that
are high in antioxidant is well recognized.

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● The diversity in the hibiscus germplasm
could be exploited by breeders for
developing novel varieties either for pot
plant production or landscaping
purposes.

● It is so interesting that a change in one


character especially flower color or form
already makes a variety unique.

● In hibiscus, this is generally achievable


using conventional hybridization, and
selection followed by propagation.

● Regardless of the technique used to


develop an ornamental variety, the
attractiveness of color and form is of
prime requirement of a good variety.

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● The objectives of the hibiscus breeding
program are to:

a) Hybridize local cultivars with foreign varieties,

b) Select new hybrids with unique flower colors


and form and leaf shapes,

c) Characterize, register to NSIC and release as


a variety

Hybrid Fruit

Hybridization

Hybrid seedlings

Hybrid Seeds

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Hibiscus hybrid seedlings generated 2006

● Centennial Series – 11 hybrids that


were named after the Filipino heroines of
the 1898 Philippine Revolution. They
struggled and worked for the freedom and
liberation of the country against three
centuries of Spanish colonization and four
decades of American rule.

● Released in 1998 coinciding with the


centennial celebration of the Philippine
Independence.

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Gabriela
Tandang
Sora

Marcela

Lolay

Ningning
Oryang

Nay Isa

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Nazaria
Goria

Agueda

Sentenarya

● Millennium Series – 7 hybrids who were


named after UPLB women scientists who
helped advanced Philippine agriculture.
Released in 2000 to mark the coming of
the new millennium.

● Women in Science Series - 3 hybrids


who were named after outstanding women
scientists that were elected to the National
Academy of Science and Technology
(NAST) as Academicians and National
Scientists.

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Obdulia F. Sison
Millenia

Helen L. Valmayor

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● Celebrity Star Series – 5 hybrids
who were named after veteran and
accomplished actresses in the
Philippine entertainment world.

● Released in 2002 to honor famous


actresses.

Star for All


Seasons

Superstar

Megastar

Novastar

Novastar

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● Oblation Series – 6 hybrids who were
named after outstanding UP alumnae
who have assumed the highest position
in the academic, scientific and
professional institutions and
organizations where they served.

● Released from 2006-2008 to culminate


the celebration of the UP Centenary.

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● Women in Public Service Series – 11
hybrids named after women who
devoted their time and energy to public
service and possess the spirit of
volunteerism to meet the needs of others
before their own without material or
financial rewards.

● Released starting 2009 to the present


to commemorate the UPLB Centennial
Year

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Ma. Rosario O. Montejo Sylvia P. Lina

Connie S. Angeles Arlene B. Arcillas

Women in Public Service Series

Araceli L. Dans
Women in the Arts Series
(named after outstanding Filipina artists

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UPCOMING HYBRIDS

Kristie Kenney

Gelia Castillo

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Kristie Kenney X
Gelia Castillo
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘St. Bridgette College’

Tahitian taui Loren Legarda

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Tahitian taui X Loren Legarda
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Ateneo de Manila University’

Tahitian taui X Loren Legarda


Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Ateneo de Manila University’

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X

Loren Legarda Tarantella

Industry Partnerships on Hybrids


Mass Propagation

•Franchising with Vic’s Orchids &


Ornamentals
•Partnerships with Private & Public
Institutions (Las Piñas City
Government-Ms Cynthia A. Villar, St.
Bridget College, Sta Rosa City
Government
•Mass Propagation done by the National
Seed Foundation

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Two-days old Bloom
Varieties in the Pipeline

(To be developed into cutflower)

Loren Legarda

Tahitian Dragon

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Loren Legarda X Tahitian Dragon

Accession 18 Dolores Ramirez

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Accession 18 x Dolores Ramirez

Nazaria
Loren Legarda

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Nazaria X Loren Legarda

Lolay Gelia Castillo

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Lolay X Gelia Castillo

Loren Legarda Mega Star

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Loren Legarda X Mega Star

Loren Legarda Estrella F. Alabastro

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PABLITO M. MAGDALITA , Outstanding
Young Scientist (OYS) 2000 and
REYNOLD B. PIMENTEL
Authors DOLORES A. RAMIREZ and
RENELLE PAMATMAT
Editors

Acknowledgments
Funding Support:
• Las Piñas City Government
• Chancellor Luis Rey I. Velasco, UPLB
• National Academy of Science & Technology (NAST)

• National Scientist Dolores A. Ramirez


• Academician Emil Q. Javier
• Academician Ruben L. Villareal
• Dean Domingo Angeles, CA-UPLB
• Director Jose E. Hernandez, CSC-IPB
• Gumamela Breeding Staff (Fe Cayaban, Lino
Gregorio, and Jess Silverio) and other IPB
•Mr. Fernando B. Aurigue, PNRI

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MARAMING SALAMAT PO
MABUHAY!

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Perla Santos-
Ocampo

Ma. Rosario Montejo

Loren Legarda

Bangkok Hybrid DR

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Bangkok Hybrid x DR

Loren Legarda Mega Star

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Loren Legarda x Mega Star

Perla Santos-
Ocampo

Mercedes
Concepcion

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Perla Santos-Ocampo X Mercedes Concepcion

Kristie Kenney

Gelia Castillo

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Kristie Kenney X Gelia Castillo

Kristie Kenney Gelia Castillo

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Kristie Kenney X Gelia Castillo

Kristie Kenney Gelia Castillo

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Kristie Kenney X Gelia Castillo

Kristie Kenney Gelia Castillo

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Kristie Kenney X Gelia Castillo

Perla Santos-
Ocampo

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
‘Marilyn D. Marañon’

Loren Legarda

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Perla Santos-Ocampo X Loren Legarda
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Marilyn D. Marañon’

Marcela Tangerine
Orange

Hibiscus rosa-
sinensis ‘Fe V.
Del Mundo’

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Marcela X Tangerine Orange
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Fe Del Mundo’

Loren Legarda Nazaria

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Nazaria X Loren Legarda

Bangkok Hybrid Gelia Castillo

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Bangkok Hybrid X Gelia Castillo

Loren Legarda

Tahitian taui

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Loren Legarda X Tahitian taui

Nazaria

Gelia Castillo

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Nazaria X Gelia Castillo

Tangerine
Orange

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
‘Cynthia A. Villar’

Loren Legarda

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Perla Santos- Ma. Rosario Montejo
Ocampo

Loren Legarda Che-che Lazaro

Nazaria Loren B. Legarda

Sylvia Lina

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Nazaria

Arlene B. Arcillas

Loren B. Legarda

Loren B. Megastar
Legarda

Araceli
Dans

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X

Tangerine Orange Loren B. Legarda

Connie Angeles

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