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HIGHER TECHNICAL SCHOOL NATIONAL POLICE OF PERU TUMBES

NATIONAL POLICE OF PERU


DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION AND DOCTRINE
NATIONAL TRAINING SCHOOL
POLICE PROFESSIONAL TUMBES

“Types of weapons”
DOCENTE: LIC. CARRILLO SARANGO LEYDI
VERONICA
CURSO: ENGLISH
PRESENTED BY ALO1 PNP:
LOPEZ GARCIA, YERSON
LOPEZ MATAMORO, YAIR
ELERA MEDINA, ENRIQUE
ZARATE CRUZ, CRISTMAN

TUMBES-PERÚ
2018

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HIGHER TECHNICAL SCHOOL NATIONAL POLICE OF PERU TUMBES

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HIGHER TECHNICAL SCHOOL NATIONAL POLICE OF PERU TUMBES

INDEX

DEDICATION……………………………………………………………………………… …..4
GRATITUDE……………………………………………………………………………………5
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 6
FIRST PART REFERENTIAL………………………………………………………………..7

FIREARMS……………………………………………………………………………………. 8
CLASSIFICATION OF FIREARMS………………………………………………………10

Gunshot wounds……………………………………………………………………12
ACCIDENTS WITH FIREARMS………………………………………………….14

SIGN OF BENASSI…………………………………………………………………..………17
SIGN OF BONNET………………………………………………………………………….19
MEDICAL LEGAL ISSUES CONCLUSION……………………………………………….20
CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………………….….21
BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………………………22
ANNEXES……………………………………………………………………………………..

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DEDICATION

First of all thanks to God for being


our guide, to Jesus for being our
inspiration, model and for being the
greatest example of love in this
world and our fathers parents for giving us
the example of life to follow

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Gratitude

We especially thank the LIC. CARRILLO SARANGO


LEYDI VERONICA, for their patience, and support at this
stage, for making us responsible students, and for
complying with our obligations. This allows us to make
good professionals.

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INTRODUCTION

Light weapons are firearms that can be transported and unloaded by one
person, unlike artillery weapons. By extension, also include in this category the
automatic weapons that were developed from the portable as machine guns,
which used the same ammunition as the military rifles or machine guns of
highest caliber. Since the border between small arms and artillery is so diffuse,
each of the military bodies defines an arbitrary gauge which refers to
artillery. The boundaries change over time. These weapons do not have a strict
definition, but generally include rifles, pistols, revolvers, rifles, light guns and
machine guns.
The first short weapons that appeared were miniature models of artillery
weapons. Initially it was called them hand cannons.
During the first quarter of the 14th century appeared the hand cannon, which
was nothing more than a simple tube of polished iron closed at one end. In this
there is a small hole. Tube is embedded in a piece of rounded wood to hold it
under his arm, was loaded with gunpowder and a metal ball and shot putting a
hot wire through the hole in the back. Later models had a small depression in
the form of dish, called Bowl, close the hole on. There stood a small amount of
gunpowder that was lit with a wick, which was a piece of string soaked in a
solution of potassium nitrate, dried later. This made it to consume without flame
and that shuts itself off. But the gunpowder of the Bowl was difficult to turn on,
are damping frequently and required precautions to prevent unwanted shots.

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REFERENTIAL
I. - theme.
Firearms
II. Object.
Descriptive work of legal firearms, their classification, injuries and
medical problems.
III. Purpose.
The purpose of this study is to conduct a descriptive study
which, in turn, the same as a guide to students of UNIVALLE., law, so
they apply legal techniques and medical procedures and thus to
determine with precision the occurred injuries by firearms.
IV. Justification.
This work is a compilation and systematization of data that will allow the
training of the students of UNIVALLE., law, will contribute in the process
of vocational training in the medical field that is legal to use all
procedures realized in certain situations that arise during the
development of their professional lives and contribute to the process of
teaching new generations that pass through our classrooms.
It is only through the knowledge that will achieve optimal results in the
professional training since current life requires great delivery and
responsibility of the practitioner.
V. objectives.
A. GENERAL OBJECTIVE.
Describing firearms, their classification, wounds caused by
firearms, classification of the same and the legal issues that may arise.
B. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES.
1 describe the firearms.
2 correctly classified weapons
3 differentiate wounds caused by firearms
4. Explain the problems medical - legal are presented.

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FIREARMS
I. GENERAL.

This designation applies to weapons or portable, light or heavy, materials which


use bullets, gunpowder and explosives. The designation of "firearms" is
because the first invented they flare at the mouth of the gun.
Within the most commonly used terms we have the ballistics, the science that
studies the movement of the bodies projected through space. Ballistics is
concerned in general with projectiles fired by cannons or arms, but can also
examine the flight free of bombs or rockets.
The motion of a projectile from the moment of the shot up to its impact on the
target is divided into three distinct phases: internal ballistics, which studies the
motion of the projectile while it is inside the barrel; exterior ballistics, which
considers the motion of the projectile from the moment that leaves the barrel
until it reaches the target, and terminal ballistics, which analyzes the effect of
the projectile on the target.
INTERIOR BALLISTICS
Interior ballistics deals with temperature, volume and pressure of the gases
produced by the combustion of the propellant in the barrel; it also has to do with
the effect of the expansion of these gases over the Canyon, the carriages and
the projectile. Some of the critical elements involved in the study of interior
ballistics are the relationship between the weight of the load and the weight of
the projectile, the measure of caliber, size, shape and density of grains of
propellant for the different cannons, and related problems of maximum and
minimum pressure at the muzzle. The British engineer Benjamín Robins carried
out many experiments of interior ballistics; their results justify that he is
considered the father of the artillery modern. Modern experiments confirmed
most of the conclusions of Robins, but questioned its conclusions with respect
to the maximum temperature and pressure. Later, in the 18th century, Anglo-
American physicist Benjamín Thompson made the first attempt to measure the
pressure generated by the powder; the result of his experiments is the greatest
contribution to the accomplished interior ballistics until then.
Towards 1760, the French scholars of ballistics determined the relationship
between velocity at the mouth of the gun and the barrel length, measuring the
speed of a musket bullet and cutting off a portion of the Canyon before
measuring the speed in the following shot. Using the results of these
experiments together with the advances in chemistry and thermodynamics,
ballistics experts could develop formulations that credited the relationship
between velocity at the mouth of the gun and the projectile shape, weight, type
and size of grain of the charge of gunpowder, the pressure and temperature in
the Canyon, the size of the powder Chamber and the barrel length.

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EXTERIOR BALLISTICS
Exterior ballistics, shape, size, weight, initial speeds, rotation, air resistance and
gravity are the elements that influence the trajectory of a projectile from the
moment that leaves the barrel until it reaches the target.
Until the half of the 16th century it was believed that bullets moved in a straight
line from the barrel to the target and fired by mortar bombs described a path
consisting of two straight lines connected by an arc of a circle. The Italian
mathematician Niccolò Tartaglia argued, in a Treaty on cannons, that any
portion of the trajectory of a projectile could be a straight line, and that the
greater was the speed of the projectile, tauter would be his career. Tartaglia
invented the quadrant of cannons used to determine the elevation of the mouth
of fire. Galileo showed that, in a vacuum, a projectile describes a parabolic
arc. The description of the law of the Isaac Newton gravity clarified the cause of
the curvilinear motion of projectiles. By the use of calculus, Newton determined
the transferred amount of motion of the projectile to the particles of air at rest;
this method to calculate the air resistance has been overcome by the use of
tables, derived from experimental shooting.
To determine the speed of the projectile once abandoned the canon used two
methods: one measures the amount of movement of the projectile, the other
calculates the time required so that the projectile covers a specific distance. The
first method is the oldest and was used as the guns and projectiles were small,
low speeds and short scopes, so their findings were accurate enough for most
practical purposes. The ballistic pendulum and pendulum barrel were used to
measure the amount of motion of the projectile, but such mechanisms were
replaced by cheaper and safe machines working on the principles of the second
method.
The ballistic pendulum was developed to 1743 by Robins, who was the first to
face a systematic series of experiments to determine the speed of
projectiles. The principle of the ballistic pendulum, as well as the pendulum of
Cannon developed by Thompson, lies in the transfer of the amount of
movement of a projectile with small mass and high speed, a large mass with
resulting low speed.
Ballistic pendulum consists of a huge iron plate which is bolted a block of wood
to receive the impact of the projectile; the pendulum is suspended from a
horizontal axis. To be hit by the projectile, the block was receding in a true arc
that could be measured easily. Knowing the recoil bow and masses of projectile
and the pendulum, the speed of the projectile could calculate. Ballistic
pendulum just bore the impact of musket bullets; However, Robins made
significant progress in the science of the cannons to determine relationships
that had to occur between the caliber, barrel length and the energy charge.
Thanks to the second method, the speed of the projectile is determined by
measuring the time it takes to traverse a known length of his career, many
machines have been designed for this purpose. In 1840 the British physicist sir
Charles Wheatstone suggested the use of electricity for measuring short time
intervals. This suggestion led to the development of the chronograph, a
mechanism that was logged by electrical means the time he needed a projectile
to pass between two fine wire screens.
Formulas and tables for exterior of each new type of barrel ballistics are more or
less empirical and must be verified by actual experiments, until mechanisms
aim to accurately calibrate.

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That is called forensic ballistics?


Is it that sets how many details are possible about the weapon, caliber, time and
way that executed the shot and other circumstances which serve to clarify the
grounds that caused injuries and deaths, in cases liable to prosecution. It is
based in that despite the apparent different types of armament identity, there
are two weapons of the same type, producing a shot equal, there are
differences in the form of tap the shorts of the cartridge, already signals
observed in microphotography, etc.

CLASSIFICATION OF FIREARMS
1. TYPE OF MATERIAL
Shoulder: you rifles, carbines and shotguns.
SHOULDER ARMS
Called guns of "Long", or "Shoulder" are those that need to be supported on the
shoulder of the shooter and the use of both hands for normal use. They differ
primarily according to they have its Cannon:
"Striated" (stretch marks are the grooves engraved on the inside of the barrel of
a firearm.
"Smooth", when they totally have no stretch marks.
Presenting its fluted barrel are classified in turn:
"Carbines," when the barrel length does not exceed 560 mm in length
"You rifles" when this measure is exceeded.
From the legal point of view, the legal regime to which they are subject the rifles
and carbines is identical.
They have your cannon smooth are "Shotguns", that can be of one or two
pipes, which are normally loaded with cartridges containing pellets.
Carbines and rifles, charge shot, repeating or semi-automatic:
Load shotguns shooting shot, repeating or semi-automatic:
Fist: pistols, revolvers and pistolones.
FIST WEAPONS
Weapons of "Fist", also called "Short", are those that have been designed to be
used normally using one hand without being supported elsewhere in the
body. Within fist weapons are basically three:
Guns: They are short of one or two guns rifled with his permanently aligned with
the barrel Chamber. They can be shot to shot, repeating or semi-automatic. The
current and most common models correspond to the semi-automatic: COLT.45,
BERSA, BROWNING 9 MM. 380, etc.
Revolvers: They are knurled bore fist weapons that possess a number of
bedrooms in a cylinder or drum mounted coaxially with the canon. A mechanism
spins drum mode such that the bedrooms are on line with the bore of the
barrel. They can be single or double action. The most modern are double
action: COLT, SMITH & WESSON, RUGER, TAURUS, Ruby, DOBERMAN,
etc.
c. Pistolones: it is a weapon of hunting, fist and shot to shot, one or two
cannons of smooth-bore, which is normally loaded with cartridges containing
pellets, example: REXIO, STEVENS, etc.
2 FIRING SYSTEM
Shot to shot: are weapons that have no warehouse or charger and require the
shooter to manually repeat the full action of loading of the weapon in each

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shot; as for example in shotguns "break or scale" of one or two pipes (Art. 3 °
inc 7 ° Dto. 395/75).
Repetition: they are those in which the cycle of loading and unloading of the
magazine is carried out mechanically by action of the shooter, being
accumulated in a warehouse loader projectiles; as for example (a MAUSER
rifle) bolt systems; lever (the traditional rifle WINCHESTER); trombone or action
to pump - action pumper - (ITHAKA or BATAAN shotguns) (Art. 3 ° inc 8 ° Dto
395/75).2
Semi-automatic: it is that it is necessary to press the shutter button (trigger) for
each shot and weapons in which the cycle of loading and unloading is carried
out without the intervention of the shooter; such as for example the majority of
guns (COLT. 45, BROWNING 9 mm, etc.) (Art. 3 ° inc 9 ° Dto 395/75).
Automatic: are the ones by pressing and holding the trigger, occurs more than
one firing continuously, as for example machine guns (Art. 3º inc. 10 disc.
395/75).
CALIBER
Usually expressed in "mm" (7, 65 mm, 9 mm, 11.25 mm), or "fractions of an
inch" (. 38,. 357,. 44. 45) or "absolute units" (12, 16, 20, used for shotguns and
pistolones).
3. SPORTING WEAPONS.
Pistolones of hunting: one or two guns, charge shot to calibers 14.2 mm (28), 14 mm. (32) and
12 mm. (36).
Carbines and rifles load shot to shot or repeat up to 5.6 mm calibers (.22 inches) inclusive, with
the exception of which used ammunition of higher power or dimension as the so-called "22 long
rifle" (.22 LR).
Load shotguns shot, whose cannons have a length not less than 600 mm. [2]
Another way to classify the weapons are as follows:
Short weapons (revolver or gun).
Medium-sized weapons (submachine gun, Pistam).
Long weapons (shotgun, rifle, shotgun)
Contemporary weapons (rockets, atomic bomb).

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Gunshot wounds
Damage caused.
Depending on the distance
Point blank . Occurs with the weapon in direct contact with the body or part of
it. Inlet is star-shaped, the edges tend to be blackened by the burning
gunpowder, they are irregular and they are normally torn. The size of the hole is
greater than the caliber of the weapon. Due to gases, there are bumps on the
skin, face and skull an explosive effect is produced. In the wound penetrates
carbon monoxide and black smoke residue are located.
Close range. The subject that gets the shot is within the scope of the flame. The
hole is shaped grommet or circular. Locates iliotibial contusion, and very often
the siege of cleaning. Around the wound, a burn is produced by the flame, the
skin tissues and hair appear scorched. Also, smoke and gunpowder and metal
particles, produced a tattoo on the skin.
Short distance . It is held at one greater distance that at point-blank range,
being within the scope of the particles form the tattoo. Approximately goes from
30 centimeters to meter.
The injury is similar to that at point-blank range, removing the effects produced
by the flame. The remains of gunpowder tend not to spend 70 centimeters of
distance, reaching more than unburned.
Long distance. It is located underground to the extent of the bullet. They do not
reach the materials that form the tattoo. In the wound is not the tattoo, the
wound is oval or circular and presents iliotibial erosive-contusive and fence of
cleaning
Effects on the human body.

The speed needed to pass through the skin is 36 m / s. driving figures of


between 7 and 10 perf.
61 m/s are needed to get through the bone. Between 20 and 30 perf. all the
bones are drilled
The speed to be a shooting mortal is situated in the 122 m/s. Between 30 and
40 perf.
More than 600 m/s produces a hydrodynamic effect, being most notable organs
filled with liquids, which increases the pressure to which they are subjected
liquids depending on the speed of the bullet. To 65 perf. or more, according to
almost all of the experts.
At speed greater than 800 m/s can be produced death by shock effect, without
requiring that damage to a vital organ.
Ammunition type influences the effects it produces. Cylindrical and semi-
cylindrical bullets cause more tears. Socket head, if they expansion an produce
a very significant damage.
Successive impacts, if they are simultaneous, produce a multiplicantes
effect. Two successive impacts
they produce the same damage that four isolated, three to nine and four to
sixteen...

CONCEPTS.
Power of detention.

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It is the Energy Kinetics existing at the moment of impact (given in kilograms)


multiplied by the front surface of the projectile (in cm2).
The power of detention unit is called "Stopwer". 1 Stopwer corresponds to 1 kg.
per 1 cm2.
Depends therefore on initial speed of bullet weight and section at the time of the
impact. The same section has a bullet with flat than a sharp conical tip. Nor is it
the same thing that impacts a bullet reinforced with reinforced tip, which one
semiblindada with the hollow point, since is to expand on the impact presents
one greater surface.
Many studies have been made to find out when is it going to get to an individual
"hors de combat". He has thus been established with more or less the
concurrence of the majority that has almost effects below 5 St., there is a slight
shock between 5 and 10, up to 15 are important consequences and from 15 St.
let insurance out of combat.
To achieve a greater power of stop, with the same caliber, manufacturers often
try to bullet section increase the impact significantly. This is hopelessly,
increases to carry the necessary speed, damage in the human body. The
images are a few bullets of the Winchester House, seen as they are upon
impact, hypothetically clear. The first (partition Gold) only undergoes in its first
half, reaching a large kinetic energy at the moment of impact, the second unit
undergoes full, there will be less speed when the bullet hits, having less
penetration but the stopping power will be greater.

Power of penetration.

He is calculated by dividing the Energy Kinetics (in kgm) at the time of the
impact, between the section of the projectile (in cm2). The unit is the "perf". The
coefficient will vary depending on the way how projectile which is made and the
nature of where it hits. Unlike explained to the stopping power, to increase the
power of penetration, are bullets that have the impact a minimum surface.
ACCIDENTS WITH FIREARMS.
The unintentional, especially in revolvers, pistols, and shotguns are more
frequent than it can be assumed.
Usually those who suffer these mishaps keep reserve it, and rarely transcends,
unless this or these shooting injury to another person.
The causes or factors linked to the generation of one accident either, can be
classified into two groups: FACTOR human and FACTOR MATERIAL, these
factors may or not be interrelated, and are generally concurrent, although to
varying degrees of importance.
HUMAN FACTOR
There is sufficient consensus to be attributed to the human factor the main
responsibility in the generation of accidents with firearms.
While up to two decades ago was accepted that approximately 90% of the
claims originated by human error, recently, advances in investigation
procedures, changed this view, accepting today, some specialists, that only
70% of accidents would be clearly attributable to this cause, while the rest of
them would be linked to direct material failures, wear and tear of components of
weapons, poor maintenance, and shock during use they receive.
MATERIAL FACTOR

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When a weapon has been used for a long time, that is to say that it has been a
lot of shooting, it was draining slowly, due to the friction of the internals,
pressures and high temperatures generated by the explosions of gunpowder,
which in turn led to high temperatures and vibrations that were changing the
molecular trigger system-wide structure.
In the trigger mechanism and the canons of firearms, there are two functional
features, as well as the dimensional, that give us the idea of a weapon because
it has completed its cycle of full use, first called agony to then go to the Ballistic
death.
Charbonnier, in theory, perfectly explains this phenomenon: as the projectile
moves along the bore of the barrel, are generated in gaseous fluid, waves
which, starting from the rear of the projectile, move towards the shorts of the
sheath to a high speed. When these waves hit the bottom of the sheath, begins
a reverse tour encounter new waves that were generated after his career.
So, the gaseous mass becomes something comparable to a rubber spring,
which induces a new energy to the projectile. This phenomenon he called
"gaseous vein", which, taking into account conditions of temperature, pressure
and vibration of molecules, is going to be translated first to the barrel of the gun
and then to all its firing mechanism.
Let us remember that when there is a force and pressure on an elastic material,
it suffers a deformation. If the intensity of the force and the pressure is small
value, once you stop the effort, the material regains its primitive form. This type
of deformation is called elastic deformation.
Although weapons are designed for each cartridge with its pressure and
temperature, also this material is will wearing slowly until you reach the ballistic
death. This does not mean that the weapon will not be shot when it has ballistic
death, but may present defects in the mechanism and cause unwanted shot.
ROLE OF THE BALLISTIC EXPERT
Is therefore sitting the importance of a thorough and systematic treatment to
each claim, only way to elucidate the speech that it had each of the factors, and
the realization of one expert complete placing the gun in all the scenarios to
determine reliably whether the error was human or the sworn weapon material.
We must take into account that the experts are auxiliary of Justice, and that
expertise is another link in all the research, and that ultimately it is the
intervening judge who ordered the actions to follow. Well, now is of utmost
importance the communication between them, since the expert can see
something that interests in the cause, and for reasons that the magistrate has
not requested it, to lose something important for the total clarification of the fact
that investigates.

ACCIDENTS WITH FIREARMS


CASE 1: HUMAN FACTOR
This incident took place when a group of friends held a party to honor one of
them that he married, and they wanted to make him a '' joke ''. Therefore
withdrew all Buckshot cartridges caliber. 16, and instead placed talc, assuming
that once you oppress is the tail of the trigger of the gun used, they would fill
dust the neck of her friend.

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.16 CALIBRE CARTRIDGE


RETIRED PELLETS AND
INSTEAD IS PUT TALC

The joke was carried out with the following result: at the time of the shot, with
the previously mentioned cartridge and doomed gun, the hot gases of the
explosion of the gunpowder and the plastic dowel penetrated into the neck of
the victim with an end of career in the upper part of the shell skull, dying it
instantly.

ACCIDENTS WITH FIREARMS.


CASE 2: MATERIAL FACTOR.
This accident occurred while a gathered family, when one of its members
brought out a weapon that had recently acquired. According to the statements
of all present, this person he stumbled and the gun fell to the ground and
soared, causing death to one of the members of the meeting.

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Projectile entered on the back of the victim with an exit hole in the left
cheekbone, according to autopsy carried out by a forensic physician, i.e. that
the path was bottom up.

The problem arose when it was learned that the weapon had a hammer
insurance, and must then ballistic experts perform a thorough investigation of
the incriminated weapons; Since it never can be fired if you have this type of
insurance when the tail of the hammer hits.
Seen how it works:

We can see in the figure on the left, that the tail of the trigger (trigger) is
pressed; This means, that the weapon is a penalty shooting, moment in which
the same insurance lowers automatically.
But as we can see in the figure on the right, when the tail of the trigger and the
hammer are in rest position, insurance holds the hammer to prevent it from
hitting the Primer of the cartridge, which is located in the alveolus of the weapon
drum in case this fall or be hit.

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After a thorough inspection of the weapon it was concluded that the same
insurance was broken, as shown in the following figure. Being broken
insurance, did not hold the hammer to drop the gun to the ground, and needle
striker hit the Primer of the cartridge, producing thus the deadly shot.

"SIGN OF BENASSI"
To make a shot at very close range or with the barrel resting on the skin in an
anatomical region where there is an underlying bone level (ribs, scapula, tibia,
skull, etc.), will occur on the outer table of the bone a ring of ahumamiento
which allows the diagnosis of "port of entry" projectile weapon of fire even in the
absence of soft tissue.

Fig. 1 Inlet with bone (skull) ahumamiento.


As shown in the picture, the sign is seen at first glance does not require any
type of extension, the ahumamiento is placed over the periosteum of the region
and does not go away with washing (unless it transpires the periosteum).

Fig. 2 Hole in inlet region of the right temple, ahumamiento peri-orificial is


observed, the weapon used was a revolver.38 S & W Special.

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Fig. 3 Then scoured the region, disappears the ahumamiento and there are
some tears at time 8, 9 and 10, which may correspond to the sign described as
"Hit or mouth of mine of Hofmann".

Fig. 4 Shows the outlet hole in the left parieto-occipital region of the scalp.

Fig.5 Leave traces of fracture that extends through the shell from inlet.

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Fig.6 Fracture strokes extend also by the left temporal and occipital region .

Fig. 7 To be interrupted by fracturarios strokes created through the exit hole.

Fig.8 Macro where it is observed, to level of the bone plane inlet, the
ahumamiento produced by the explosion of gunpowder "Benassi sign".

"SIGN OF BONNET"
Formation of a cone with one crater of greater internal injury of skull, produced
by the entrance of a firearm projectile.

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MEDICAL LEGAL ISSUES


When we refer to the firearms and its application in situations of legal medical
significance, whether that this alive or dead, person the lesion is insignificant or
serious and cause accidental, suicide or homicide, we know that these
situations are susceptible prosecution pursuant to the criminal code and the
code of criminal procedure. A good part of forensic medicine is related to this
trauma "Pathology". For this reason, it is necessary to have a basic knowledge -
doctrinaire about some of the concepts employed in this branch auxiliary of the
law such as forensic medicine.
The role of the ballistic expert is very important because it is the only way to
clarify the speech that in e same had each of the factors, the human or
material. The experts are auxiliary justice, expertise is a link in the research,
and the intervening judge is who ordered the actions to follow.
The problem of firearms, safety, and its treatment in the media would seem to
be a constant in our society. Politicians, journalists, specialists and newcomers
from all say about this delicate subject, trying to bring water to his mill. Both
communicators working for their clients, as pundits without knowledge, are
filling space in the media with false information. In Bolivia, we are experiencing
an invasion of media violence, making to perceive a sense of insecurity that
often does not match statistics. Much of that insecurity, give elements to opinion
formers, to get legal weapons of the society (the counterpart is the increase of
illegal weapons in the hands of criminals).
Running as suitable on the matter, with knowledge of Criminology, or
legislation, then the view without solid foundations, influencing opinion public. A
common mistake among these analysts, is to confuse legitimate users and
criminals, the legal weapons, which form part of a legitimate, commercial, sport,
industrial, etc. with the weapons if they proliferate in society, black
markets. With that wrong information, we see many times, voices are raised
seeking greater control over the legitimate holders, and registered weapons,
systematically forgetting the weapons of another circuit which are which are part
of the illicit. Many lawmakers echo this erroneous information, since it is more
easy to curtail the rights of those who undergo the law to prosecute illegal.

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CONCLUSION

The firearm has as an active element of contusion to the bullet which is formed
by: capsule containing gunpowder and projectile that causes the different kinds
of injury. The fired projectile is a forceful element and the lesion that causes is a
contuse wound.
Should never be ruled out in any sinister material factor, this should be a
comprehensive expert for the purpose of thoroughly to determine if the weapon
has a defect in factory, wear or break of any of the elements of the mechanism
of shot.
In the study of firearm injuries is to be considered. 1) entrance hole; (2) the
outlet hole; (3) the journey, the distance from which is fired the shot; (4) the
characteristics of the projectile found and the identification of the weapon; (5)
proof of the gauntlet.
In regards to the human factor, inexperience, irresponsibility, confidence, and
lack of concentration are factors fundamental, since most people do not have in
mind when handling a firearm, you must always handled as if it were loaded
and ready to fire.
Ballistic expert's role is very important because it is the only way to clarify the
speech that in the same tube every one of the factors.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Huerta Michel medicine LEGAL 6.


Editor J.V. January 2000 Edition
Cochabamba - Bolivia. Page 385-395
A: Raitzini expertise medical legal about ALIENATED Buenos Aires
1992. Page 57.
Gabriel Riera font ATLAS medicine LEGAL and forensic Edition
1996. Editorial José María Bosh, editors S.L. page 280.
Microsoft® Encarta® 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights
reserved.

INTERNET RESOURCES.

http://www.geocities.com/ecudalace/primera.html
http://www.forenses.com/fontriera.html
http://www.policias.com.ar/varios/aportes/0027/medicina03.htm
http://usuarios.lycos.es/criminologia/ml4.htm
http://members.tripod.com/robertexto/archivo7/autosia.htm
http://www.coleccionables.com.ar/armas/medios.htm
http://www.armasargentinas.com/legales/clasiarmas.html
http://www.mir.es/seguidos/armas/armas.htm#clase
http://www.univer.edu.mx/tijuana/diplomados.html

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ANNEXES

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