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MAKALAH

UNTUK MEMENUHI TUGAS MATAKULIAH

Sistem Kontrol

yang dibina oleh Bapak Prof. Dr. Ir. H. Djoko Kustono, M.Pd,

Oleh

Ichwan Nurhidayah 150514608172

Nidhal Darmawan 150514640925

Nilawatul Husnia 150514601855

UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANG

FAKULTAS TEKNIK

JURUSAN TEKNIK MESIN

MARET 2017
DAFTAR ISI

DAFTAR ISI.................................................................................................... 2

BAB I PENDAHULUAN............................................................................... 4

1.1 Latar Belakang...................................................................................... 4


1.2 Rumusan Masalah................................................................................. 4
1.3 Tujuan Penulisan................................................................................... 4

BAB II PEMBAHASAN................................................................................. 5

2.1 Pengertian Aktuator.............................................................................. 5


2.2 Aktuator Listrik..................................................................................... 5
2.2.1 Selenoid Valve.............................................................................. 5
2.2.2 Motor Stepper............................................................................... 6
2.2.3 Motor DC...................................................................................... 6
2.2.4 Motor Brushless DC..................................................................... 7
2.2.5 Motor Servo.................................................................................. 7
2.2.6 Motor AC...................................................................................... 8
2.2.7 Relay............................................................................................. 9
2.3 Aktuator Pneumatik.............................................................................. 10
2.3.1 Silinder Kerja Tunggal................................................................... 10
2.3.2 Silinder Kerja Ganda..................................................................... 10
2.3.3 Aktuator pada Pneumatik Valve..................................................... 11
2.3.4 Actuator Pneumatik Kerja Putar.................................................... 12
2.4 Aktuator Hidrolik.................................................................................. 13
2.4.1 Kelebihan....................................................................................... 14
2.4.2 Kekurangan.................................................................................... 14
2.5 Definisi Motor Listrik AC..................................................................... 14
2.5.1 Pengklasifikasian berdasar jenis motor.......................................... 14
2.5.2 Motor Induksi................................................................................ 14
2.5.3 Kontruksi Motor Induksi............................................................... 17
2.5.4 Prinsip Kerja Motor Induksi.......................................................... 18
2.6 Pengklasifikasian segi hubungan putar dengan frekuensi fluks........... 22
2.6.1 Motor Sinkron................................................................................ 22
2.6.2 Motor Asinkron.............................................................................. 23
2.7 Prinsip Kerja Motor Listrik AC............................................................ 23
2.8 Motor DC..............................................................................................23
2.8.1 Definisi Motor DC........................................................................23
2.8.2 Prinsip Kerja Motor DC................................................................26
2.8.3 Jenis-Jenis Motor DC....................................................................31
2.8.4 Aplikasi Motor DC........................................................................40
2
2.9 Motor Stepper.......................................................................................41
2.9.1 Driver............................................................................................47
2.9.2 Mikrokontroler..............................................................................49
2.9.3 Komputer Antarmuka...................................................................51
2.9.4 Catu Daya.....................................................................................32
2.10 Pengkondisian Sinyal..........................................................................52
2.10.1 Pengubahan Level Sinyal.............................................................53
2.10.2 Linierisasi.....................................................................................53
2.10.3 Konversi.......................................................................................54
2.10.4 Filter Dan Penyesuai Impedansi..................................................54
2.10.5 Konsep Pembebanan....................................................................55

BAB III PENUTUP.........................................................................................56

3.1 Kesimpulan............................................................................................56
DAFTAR PUSTAKA........................................................................................57