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NG-PON2 track – Las Vegas Oct 2017

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Component Market update
Segment 2

Moderator: Robert Balsamo


VP Advanced Architecture and Standards / Calix
2
Segment 2: Component market update
Track 1: NG-PON2
Moderator
Time Robert Balsamo VP Advanced Architecture and Standards / Calix
NG-PON2 Standards and Components Update
9:10 - 9:30
Hal Roberts System Engineer and Architect / Calix
Low-Cost Coherent Detection fro NG-PON2
9:30 - 9:50
Jesper Bevensee Jensen CTO & Founder / BiFrost Communications
Time for Fiber Management Pivot
9:50 - 10:10
Farshid Mohammadi Head Worldwide Sales / GoFoton
The path to massive deployment of NG-PON2 systems: transceiver perspective
10:10 - 10:30
Wei-Ping Huang Founder and Chief Scientist / Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technologies Co.
Empowering NGPON2 by tunable simple optics
10:30 -10:50
Antonio Teixeira CTO & Founder / PicAdvanced
Enabling new architectures with converged technologies
10:50 -11:10
Mark Hess BD Manager / Corning

3
Component market update
NG-PON2 Standards and Components Update
The NG-PON2 G.989.2 Physical Media Dependent (PMD)
specifications were recently updated with the ITU-T
approval of Amendment 2. This update was mainly
centered around reducing the costs of the ONU optics by
adding flexibility to the specification. We will examine the
updates and how they impact optical component costs. We
will also examine differences in how to determine compliant
Hal Roberts optics given the new flexibility. Finally, we will turn
System Engineer and attention to the progress made on higher link budget OLT
Architect components, which allow the operator to share the OLT
Calix over larger numbers of ONUs.
4
NG-PON2/XGS-PON
Standards & Components -
Update
XG(S)-PON
NG-PON2+
PON Convergence

5
2017 Progress XG(S)-PON

6
G.9807.2 Published August 2017
“10 Gigabit-capable symmetrical passive optical networks (XG(S)-
PON): Reach extension”

Proprietary and Confidential 7


2017 Progress NG-PON2

8
Amendment 2 published September 2017  Fully
Compliant ONU Optics Now Available
Making use of G.989.2 Amendment 2 is now the most feasible path to
ONU optics compliance
▪ As a result of Amendment 2, lower cost Direct Modulation Lasers (DMLs)
can be used for NG-PON2 and achieve full compliance
▪ New ‘Compliance Zone’ shown by pink crosshatch

DML optics are currently falling in


the blue oval
Previous to Amendment 2 these
would be considered non-compliant

Proprietary and Confidential 9


NG-PON2 G.989.2 amendment 2
Specification Changes for Optics Cost Reduction
▪ Increase allowable ONU Laser Turn on time (from 12ns to 128ns)
▪ Allow flexibility in ONU transmitter between Extinction Ratio and Transmit
Power and define exact trade off permitted (pink area indicates additional
ONU transmitter operating space)
▪ Allow ONU transmitter to exceed specified power penalty as long as transmit
power is increased accordingly (𝑃ത , 𝐸𝑅 ) (𝑃ത , 𝐸𝑅 ) (𝑃ത , 𝐸𝑅 ) (𝑃ത , 𝐸𝑅 )
1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 (𝑃ത5 , 𝐸𝑅5 )
Mean launch optical power, 3.0 4.0 5.0 7.0 9.0
Type A dBm
Extinction ratio, dB 8.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 4.0

(𝑃ത1 , 𝐸𝑅1 ) (𝑃ത2 , 𝐸𝑅2 ) (𝑃ത3 , 𝐸𝑅3 ) (𝑃ത4 , 𝐸𝑅4 ) (𝑃ത5 , 𝐸𝑅5 )
Mean launch optical power, 1.0 2.0 3.5 5.0 7.0
Type B dBm
Extinction ratio, dB 8.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 4.0

Proprietary and Confidential 10


PON PMD Layer Conformance Test Plan Completed
The PON PMD Test Plan Completed
on September 7th in Paris FSAN
Meeting
▪ Editors:
• Hal Roberts, Calix
• Kent McCammon, Sumithra Bhojan, Ed
Walter, AT&T
• Richard Goodson, Andy Stark, ADTRAN
▪ Covers XG(S)-PON and NG-PON2
PMD tests conformance
▪ Liaison sent to Broadband Forum for
issuance as WT document

Proprietary and Confidential 11


Progress on NG-PON2 Standards
ITU
▪ G.989.2 Amendment 2
• Year long effort working with ITU ensure NG-PON2 can be cost effectively deployed
▪ G.988 Enhancements
• Contributed and supported enhancements to G.988 OMCI management to include
NG-PON2 management.
▪ G.989.3 Enhancements
• Simplification to improve switching times

BBF
▪ TR-352 Inter-Channel-Termination Protocol (ICTP) protocol for wavelength
mobility handover – Editor, Marta Seda, Calix
▪ WT-385 xPON Yang: Manage NGPON2 wavelength switch
▪ WT-383 Common Yang: Configuring services on an ONU
Proprietary and Confidential 12
FSAN Roadmap

Proprietary and Confidential 13


NG-PON2 Summary
With the second amendment to G.989.2 approved and published,
optics vendors are now able to deliver compliant optics
FSAN/ITU focusing now on “NG-PON2+” options, 5G fronthaul and
higher line rates. From recent Paris FSAN meeting CFC:
▪ Boost Point to Point (PtP) Line Rate to 25Gbps
▪ Define 5G Fronthaul Requirements in a PON Context
▪ Investigate Higher Line Rates – Benefit vs Cost for 20G, 25G, 50G
• Modulation schemes to enable higher line rates
• Link budget impacts
• Additional high rate channel for TWDM-PON

Proprietary and Confidential 14


NG-PON2 Optical
Components Update

15
ONU NG-PON2 Optics – Multiple Solutions
Collapsing to One
ONU optics are understood to be more difficult than OLT optics
Over the past 5 years many possible approaches to meeting the ONU optics
requirements have been proposed using either free space (discrete) or PIC optics:
▪ Externally Modulated Laser (EML) for reduced dispersion
▪ Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (SOA) to boost transmit power of EML
▪ DML for higher transmit power
▪ Low ER DML for reduced dispersion penalty
▪ Transmitter Tuning - Thermal or Current Injection (DBR)
▪ Receiver Tuning – Thermal or MEMS
▪ Transmitter Spectral Excursion Mitigation – SOA as a shutter or Low Thermal Mass
Heater compensation
▪ Out of Channel (OOC) Noise – Transmit power control or modified laser chip design

Proprietary and Confidential 16


Solution Currently Available
Based on G.989.2 amendment 2, compliant NG-PON2 ONU optics are
available based on free space designs
▪ Transmitter
• High Power Directly Modulated Laser (DML)
• Thermally tuned via low thermal mass components
• Extinction Ratio ~ 4.5dB (vs 6dB) to reduce laser chirp and dispersion penalty
• 20km Dispersion Penalty < 1.5dB (vs 0.5dB)
• Transmit power ~ +7dBm to +9dBm (vs +4dBm to +9dBm to compensate for
dispersion and ER reduction)
• Chip design with compliant OOC noise
• Spectral Excursion Compensation – via thermal accelerator
• Class 2 and Class 3 switching time
• C-temp and I-temp
▪ Receiver
• APD based, no SOA
• Thermal tuning via etalon
17

Proprietary and Confidential


OLT Optics Update
Fully Compliant N1 OLT Optics have been available for 6 months
The challenge is N2, E1 and especially E2
▪ N2 may need optical amplification or quasi-coherent receiver. It is also
possible that N2 can be achieved with refined transimpedance amplifiers
and component selection
▪ The E1 and E2 classes will certainly need more exotic solutions such as an
integrated optical amplifier or a quasi-coherent receiver

Proprietary and Confidential 18


Summary
In the race to build NG-PON2 ONU optics, one solution has emerged
from the pack.
▪ Thermally tuned DML with:
• spectral excursion compensation with thermal accelerator
• high power to compensate for use of low ER and higher dispersion penalty
• tight transmit power control to meet minimum power needs while not exceeding
maximum power requirements
This solution was only made possible with the consent and approval
of G.989.2 amendment 2 this summer
Therefore compliant NG-PON2 optics are available for both ONU and
ONT
Based on G.989.2 amendment 2, as well as continued work with optics
vendors, Calix expects to see ONU optics at or below $100 in 2019.

Proprietary and Confidential 19


Component market update
Low-Cost Coherent Detection for
NG-PON2
In this session we present an update on our efforts to
develop a cost-effective coherent solution capable of
meeting all 4 NG-PON2 classes

Jesper Bevensee
Jensen
CTO & Founder
BiFrost Communications
20
Digital Coherent Receivers for Long-Haul
• Beating of signal with local oscillator
• Full phase and polarization diversity
• Low phase-noise lasers
• Homodyne detection
• Digital phase recovery & polarization
alignment
• Advanced modulation formats
• Ultra-fast ADC+DSP

Cost, complexity and power consumption not suitable for access networks

jbj@bifrostcommunications.com 21
Digital Coherent Receiver – Optical Details
90 degree hybrid details

• 8 PDs
• 2 Polarizing beam splitters
• 2 pcs. 90-degree hybrid couplers (8 pcs. 3dB couplers)

jbj@bifrostcommunications.com 22
Bifrost Simplified Qazi-Coherent Receiver
LO laser
Analogue signal
processing
Signal
Combiner
Polarizing Photo
beam splitter detectors

• Only very little equipment (2 PDs, 1 PBS, 1 pcs. 3 dB coupler)


• No DSP (Analog signal processing chip only consumes 10 mW)
• Vast simplification
• Coherent potentially ready for access

jbj@bifrostcommunications.com 23
Experimental Validation - testbed

Analog
Signal
processing

• EML transmitter 0.44 dBm output power


• PSB implementation of signal processing
• Polarization diversity to compensate signal polarization drift
• 44 km SSMF transmission

jbj@bifrostcommunications.com 24
Experimental Validation - Performance

BER versus received power for 10Gbps BER versus received power for 10Gbps BER versus received power for 10Gbps
Bifrost Receiver for different LO power Bifrost Receiver for different PRBS patterns Bifrost Receiver and 10Gbps Direct Detection (DD)

• -33.5 dBm sensitivity at 14.5 dBm LO power


• No CD penalty @44 km SSMF (to be expected with EML transmitter)
• 13 dB improvement over PIN direct detection

jbj@bifrostcommunications.com 25
Our Next Steps

Test signal Finalize Prototype


processing ASIC Optics Design Qazi-Coherent ROSA

jbj@bifrostcommunications.com 26
Potential for NG-PON2
• ONUs employing lower output power lasers
• Potentially even VCSELs
• NG-PON2 transceivers with no filters or SOAs
• Reduced ONU transmitter laser cost
• Potentially even performance beyond Class E2

jbj@bifrostcommunications.com 27
Summary
• Coherent Receiver with vastly reduced complexity for access networks
• Huge potential for NG-PON2
• Paving the way for reduced ONU transmitter cost
• 25 Gbps line rates possible with no added receiver cost if NG-PON2
wavelength plan is used

jbj@bifrostcommunications.com 28
Component market update
Time for Fiber Management Pivot

The presentation will discuss the evolutionary steps


required in Fiber Management to support the host of
next generation applications such as CRAN, IOT, 5G.

Farshid Mohammadi
Head of Worldwide Sales
GoFoton

29
Network Value Continues To Pivot
High

Low

2000 2020+

“Bring Light to Life” 30


A Service Provides Pivot
Contextual Network

“Bring Light to Life” 31


Industry Pivot
CORD: Central Office Rearchitected as Data Center

“Bring Light to Life” 32


Application Pivot
Contextual Network

Continued Introduction of CRAN & Densification Proliferation of


Cloud SDN & NFV Growth
PON Internet of Things

The above drivers result in significant fiber increase in Central Offices, Data Centers, and Co-Locations.
The need for a new paradigm in Fiber Management Platform becomes pivotal.

“Bring Light to Life” 33


Technology Domain Evolution
Asymmetric Pace

COMPETITIVE ANYLYSIS MATRIX

Yes No Scalable
Legend Non- Large Vendor No Vendor
Open Interoperable (pay-as-you-
Proprietary Ecosystem Lock-in
grow)

Network Core

Network Access

Fiber Cables

Fiber Management &


Connectivity Layer

“Bring Light to Life” 34


As Legacy Gives Way to Next Generation Use Cases
Rethinking Fiber Management

“Bring Light to Life” 35


Re-Architecting the NG COs & DCs
Design Requirements
LC Connectors: Fat
Connector
Finger Issue Resolved
Future Proof
Quality & speed of work should not be
Support introduction of smaller NG impacted by the technician’s finger
connectors without massive change size; each fiber/connector should be
out of existing chassis & frames.
07 01 accessible with a three-finger-grip.

Web 2.0 Training


Style
Application Universal Chassis
Each chassis should easily be
Future Proof installable in:
06 Eliminates
EliminateDocumented
Operational
Documented
Challenges
02 • Special frames
Existing applications such as Operational Challenges • Existing frames
NGPON2 and future NG applications • Cabinets.
such as IOT may require integrated
optical components within each tray in Support Migration Strategy
the chassis. Leveraging Existing Assets

Pay As You Grow


Model Reduced Number of
05 03 Connections per
Distributed Fiber
Management customer

Improve MAC by installing 1 RU patch


04 Avoid centralized vault cabinet mass
splice, resulting in long patch cords.
panel per frame with MPO support. Route fiber cable directly from OSP to
Technicians will only touch patch equipment frame on a case by case
panel instead of active equipment. basis.
The frame can be moved into different In-Cassette Passive
physical location. Optics
Should be able to source passive
optics (e.g., splitters) from other
vendors and install in FDH.
“Bring Light to Life” 36
CORD Target Architecture Call For Industry Participation
➢ To fully realize Service Providers’ benefits of CORD
CORD Target Architecture vision, we need to include and address Fiber
Management and Connectivity Layer in the
architecture
➢ A co-creation ecosystem driven Fiber Management
and connectivity driven layer will promote smaller
innovative companies to participate in the
ecosystem
➢ Costs will decrease, vendor lock-in will become a
non-issue, and innovation pace will expedite
➢ For additional information on the topic see:
http://digital.isemag.com/aug2017#&pageSet=29
We are arranging for a industry led Optical Connectivity Layer
Working Group to start within next couple of months. If you are
interested, send an email to:
Farshid.Mohammadi@gofoton.com
Bernd.Hesse@calix.com
37
Go!Foton PEACOC™ HD
Fiber Management System
➢ Patented Spreadable Adapter design
➢ 144 LC / 72 SC connectors in 1RU
➢ Front access for both front & rear side connectors
capable of back-to-back installation or against a wall
Completely Resolved the “Fat-Finger” issue for LC Connectors!
➢ Installs into any standard (or custom) 19” or 23” rack
➢ 5,760 LC ports or 2,880 SC ports in PEACOC HD Frame
➢ SC & LC, simplex/duplex, & MPO compatibility
➢ 1.2mm, 1.6mm, 2.0mm patch cords Ericsso n

➢ Cassette level and in frame splicing available


➢ Simple and effective cable slack storage – Storage PEACOC 1 RU Chassis
Organizer for Cables provide cable management
➢ Suitable for CO racks and OSP cabinets
➢ Ample space for attenuators
➢ Compatible with optical modules: Splitters, tap monitors,
couplers, xWDMs, etc…
➢ Custom labeling for each port & cassette for easy
identification
➢ Future proof design for use with even smaller connectors
PEACOC HD Frame PEACOC Cassettes
38
Component market update
The path to massive deployment of NG-PON2
systems:
A Transceiver Perspective

This presentation reviews the technical challenges of the NG-


PON2 ONU & OLT transceivers, and the recent progress in
optical components. Optical solutions to the challenges are
Wei-Ping Huang proposed.
Founder and Chief Scientist
Hisense Broadband
Multimedia Technologies Co.

39
Outline

• Introduction
• Status of Products and Enabling Technologies
• Path to Massive Deployment
• Summary and Conclusion

40
Standards and Deployment Trends

10G- 100G-
EPON EPON
EPON

XG(S)- NG-
PON PON2
GPON
NG-
PON2
Question: Should NG-PON2 be a sequential upgrade
or a parallel alternative to XG/XGS PON?
41
NG-PON2 Standard

Wavelength Plan ONU Tuning Requirements


Channel Wavelength Wavelength
Downstream Upstream Class Optic Tuning Time Application
ƛ1 1 1596.34nm 153268nm Class 1 <10us Not Used
ƛ2 2 159719nm 1533.47nm Class 2 10us to 25ms Enterprise Svcs
Class 3 25ms to 1sec Residential/SoHo
ƛ3 3 1598.04nm 1534.25nm
ƛ4 4 1598.89nm 1535.04nm

L and C-Band DWDM Channels for Current deployment require Class 3 only.
up- and down-stream transmission, Yet It is desirable to achieve Class 2 for
respectively. some more demanding applications.

42
NG-PON2 Standard
ITU-T G.989.2 10G/10G Link Budget
Downstream Upstream
OLT Tx ONU Rx Link Budget ONU Tx OLT Rx Link Budget
Min Max SEN Min Max SEN
Type A 4 9 −26.5 30.5
N1 3 7 −28 31
Type B 2 7 −28.5 30.5
Type A 4 9 −28.5 32.5
N2 5 9 −28 33
Type B 2 7 −30.5 32.5

ITU-T G.989.2 10G/10G accounting for 2.2dB WM Loss for TX and additional OPP for RX

Downstream Upstream
OLT Tx ONU Rx Link Budget ONU Tx OLT Rx Link Budget
Min Max SEN Min Max SEN
Type A 4 9 −29.2 34.4
N1 5.2 9.2 −28 33
Type B 2 7 −31.2 36.4
Type A 4 9 −31.2 38.4
N2 7.2 11.2 −28 35
Type B 2 7 −33.2 40.4

43
Status of OLT TRX
Enabling Technologies:
• Transmitter: 10G Multi-λ EML+SOA
• Receiver: 10G High-Sensitivity APD + Burst-Mode TIA
Problems and Solutions:
• Transmitter meets both N1 and N2 requirements
• Receiver meets N1 but not N2 for volume shipment
• Receiver setting time needs to be improved
Specifications Stanadard Performance Solutions Timeline
Receiver Seek for new APD and TIA to
N2<−31.2dBm N2<−30.5dBm December,2018
Sensitivity improve sensitivity
Receiver Setting Employ specialized TIA and LIA
<51.2ns <400ns December, 2017
Time for XGS-PON

44
OLT TRX Performance
OP (dBm) ER(dB) Margin (%) Wavelength SEN(dBm)
CH1 7.95 9.51 28 1596.342 −30.5
CH2 7.87 9.27 32 1597.197 −30.3
CH3 7.65 9.68 31 1598.041 −30.8
CH4 7.54 9.60 28 1598.892 −30.6

CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4

45
Status of ONU TRX
Enabling Technologies:
• Transmitter: 1) Thermal tuned DML; 2) Thermal tuned EML+SOA; 3) Electrical tuned DBR;
• Receiver: 1) Thermal tuned filter; 2) Mechanical tuned filter;
Problems and Solutions:
• Receiver: Thermal tuned filter meets Class 3, MEMS can achieve Class 2;
• Transmitter: Standards Option A Option B Option C
Lasers - DML EML+SOA DBR
Min: >4dBm
Optical power Type A: 4-9dBm >6dBm >6dBm
Typical: 5~8dBm
TDP <1dB >2dB (?) <1dB <2dB
Class 2 <25ms
Tuning time Class 3 Class 3* Class 2
Class 3 <1s
Burst wavelength shift <20Ghz High <15GHz <20GH
Burst off optical power -68.5dBm -68.5dBm -40dBm* -68.5dBm
Operation C: 0~70deg
C temp C temp I temp
Temperature I:-40-85deg
Cost Low High Medium
46
ONU TX Performance
Option B: EML+SOA
OP(dBm) ER(dB) Margin(%) I_VCC TEC_T(℃) I_BIAS(mA) I_MOD(mA) I_SOA(mA)
CH0 7.98 9.01 29 863 39 68 69 269
(25℃) CH1 7.20 8.80 28 727 47 75 53 230
CH2 6.34 8.81 22 725 55 82 58 217
CH3 6.53 8.88 25 735 60 123 57 184

CH0 CH1 CH2 CH3

47
BOM Cost Analysis
ONU TRX based on EML+SOA

Sample 100K
Rest
PCBA 2%
PCBA 10%
Filter
3% Filter 8%
其他
5%
1%

RX TEC
RX Rest 24% Rest
4% 5%
TX 14% 2%
82% TX
TEC
4% 64% Lense
Rx TO Rx TO
3%
Lense 2% 4%
1%

48/
48
10G DBR Solution
>10nm tuning range for up to 12 channels at C band with 100GHz channel spacing;

SMSR Performance
50
49
48

SMSR /dB
47 RT-SMSR
46
45 LT-SMSR
44 HT-SMSR
43 CH-NO
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16

Spectrum width
0.3

0.25

0.2

width /dB
0.15 RT-Spectrum width LT-Spectrum width

0.1

0.05 HT-Spectrum width

0 CH-NO
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16

49
10G DBR Performance
• Direct modulation up to 10Gbps demonstrated;
• Reach of 20KM with less than 1.5dB TDP

Optical Spectrum
Optical Eye Performance of ONU
50
Problem with NG-PON2 Wavelength Standards

• NG-PON2 uses L-band • Transmission at C-band suffers


1596~1560nm for downstream significant dispersion penalty;
and C-band 1532~.1536nm for • Conventional directly modulated
upstream; DFB lasers can not reach 20KM;
• The main consideration is to be • Externally modulated EML lasers
interoperable with XGS PON can be used, but may be
which uses L-band 1575~1580nm expensive for ONU (at least for
for downstream and O-band now).
1260~1280nm for upstream.

51
NG-PON2 Wavelength Plan Revisited

XGS/XGPON1/10-10EPON GPON/EPON XGS/XGPON1/10-10EPON PtP WDM-PON


GPON/EPON/1-10EPON TWDM-PON RF video TWDM-PON OTDR

1260 1280 1290 1330 1480 1500 1525 1544 1550 1560 1575 1581 1596 1603 1625 1675

O-band C-band L-band

1) Re-use the 10G PON upstream wavelengths for NG-PON2;


2) Keep the current NGPON2 downstream wavelengths
unchanged.
52
ONU TRX Comparison
Item EML+SOA 153x DFB 153x DBR 127x DFB 127x DBR
Output power >4dBm >6dBm >4dM >4dBm >4dBm
ER >8dB ≈4dB >6dBm >6dB >6dBm
TDP <1dB >2dB <2dB <1dB <1dB
Medium, lower
<10Ghz,independ High, due to high Medium, lower Small, lower
Wavelength driving current
ent of output reducing driving driving current driving current
Excursion than 1532nm
power current than DFB than 1532nm DBR
DFB
Transmission ≥20km,can reach
10km >20km ~20km >20km
Distance 40km
Maturity Medium Low Medium High Medium
Cost High Low Medium Low Medium

• For C-band: Only promising solution seem to be DBR, unless ….;


• For O-band: Both DFB and DBR work!
53
NG-PON2 ONU Cost Comparison
14.0

12.0 153x EML+SOA


10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0 127x DFB


0.0
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

NGPON2 1532nm VS 10G PON NGPON2 1270nm VS 10G PON

• The yield of 127x DFB LDs will be much higher than 153xnm DFB;
• 127xnm DFB are already in volume production and cost will drop quickly as volume for 10G PON increases.
54
Cost Reduction Trend
As of today, PON have been deployed widely and reached about 80M new ONU
terminals per year. From 2004 to 2015, GPON module price dropped to 1/10 with
increasing demand and reducing cost. We expect the same trend for 10G PON.

55
NG-PON Supply Ecosystems

C-band 153x O-band 127x


✓ Key technology (e.g., tunable ✓ Key technology (e.g., tunable
lasers, etc.) suppliers are
lasers, etc.) suppliers are
lacking either in commitment
or/and experience (e.g., start- mature and robust leveraging
ups); on 10G PON development;
✓ Key components are limited ✓ Key components are abundant
with single sources, high cost with multiple sources, low cost
and constrained capacity and high capacity
✓ Situation is improving as NG- ✓ Ecosystem of 10G PON can
GPON deployment is gaining lend significant support for NG-
momentum. PON2 deployment.

56
Summary and Conclusion
 The existing OLT transceivers meet N1 and Class 3 specs and can be
deployed for commercial applications
✓ Receiver sensitivity needs improvement for N2 specification (Q3/Q4,2018);
✓ Receiver burst-mode setting time needs to be reduced with better TIA (Q4,2017).
 It is challenging to meet performance and/or cost targets of ONU at C-
band for commercial deployment
✓ DML based on conventional DFB may not work due to excessive TDP
✓ EML+SOA works but may still be expensive
✓ DBR should work but is still under development
 Reuse O-band wavelength of 10G PON upstream for NG-PON2 is an
attractive option for both performance and cost advantage
✓ By leveraging on the technology maturity and volume economics of 10G PON optics,
commercial deployment of NG-PON2 can be accelerated significant!
57
What Should We Do?

It is never too
late to mend!

58/
58
Component market update
Empowering NGPON2 by tunable
simple optics
PICadvanced has made a bet on the path of simplicity.
The latter has two main roads: one is fast tunable
DML and the second is Photonic Integration. The
existing solutions based on the DML approach aim at
Antonio Teixeira market readiness and entry cost will be presented.
CTO & Founder The next gen, where PIC will play a role in increasing
PicAdvanced
complexity without sacrificing space or power, will be
mapped.
59
Company presentation
• Portuguese startup founded in 2014
• Located in Aveiro
• Very strong connection with University of Aveiro
and Instituto de Telecomunicações
• Young and motivated team, growing quickly!

“Think outside the box, with us!”


60
61

PICadvanced - Who are we?


Main business is focused in optics
Operates through
Development of NGPON2 Components
Innovation
– Specially in Photonic Integration Design and Packaging
Branding and customization

61
62
31.10.17

Our solutions
In-house and OEM products reaching access and core networks!
ONU BOSA
- Class 3 - 1Q 2016
- Class 2 - 1Q 2017

OLT XFP – 1Q 2018

ONU XFP
- Class 2 - 2Q 2017
- Class 3 - 1Q 2017
- Ctemp + Itemp 4Q 2017

62
Approach to NGPON2 - ONU

63
Approach to NGPON2 - ONU
• Simple structure
– DML
– APD
– When possible
• Thermal tuning
• TO- Type

64
Approach to NGPON2 - ONU
• Simple structure
– DML
– APD
– When possible
• Thermal tuning
• TO- Type

• Well known devices


– BOSA structures

65
Approach to NGPON2 - ONU
• Simple structure
– DML
– APD
– When possible
• Thermal tuning
• TO- Type

• Well known devices


– BOSA structures
• Smart control and programing
– Flexible algorithms
– Strong modelling
66
Approaches to NGPON2
• Thermal tuning brings extra
requirements for
– Expanding the temperature range
• From indoor
• To commercial
• To Industrial

67
Approaches to NGPON2
• Thermal tuning brings extra
requirements for
– Expanding the temperature range
• From indoor
• To commercial
• To Industrial

68
Approaches to NGPON2
• Thermal tuning brings extra
requirements for
– Expanding the temperature range
• From indoor
• To commercial
• To Industrial

69
Approaches to NGPON2
• DML
– High chirp
• Compensated with higher optical power
• pre-processing and chip selection
– Limited bandwidth
• Good process control and chip selection process
– High dependence of the temperature from the
driving and biasing current
• Inteligent fast thermal managment
– Driving conditions independent tight Power
control
– Thermal tunning
• Fast thermal accelerator process
• Robust modelling and algorithms

70
Approaches to NGPON2
• DML
– High chirp
• Compensated with higher optical power
• pre-processing and chip selection
– Limited bandwidth
• Good process control and chip selection process
– High dependence of the temperature from the
driving and biasing current
• Inteligent fast thermal managment
– Driving conditions independent tight Power
control
– Thermal tunning
• Fast thermal accelerator process
• Robust modelling and algorithms

71
Approaches to NGPON2
• DML
– High chirp
• Compensated with higher optical power
• pre-processing and chip selection
– Limited bandwidth
• Good process control and chip selection process
– High dependence of the temperature from the
driving and biasing current
• Inteligent fast thermal managment
– Driving conditions independent tight Power
control
– Thermal tunning
• Fast thermal accelerator process
• Robust modelling and algorithms

72
Approaches to NGPON2
• DML
– High chirp
• Compensated with higher optical power
• pre-processing and chip selection
– Limited bandwidth
• Good process control and chip selection process
– High dependence of the temperature from the
driving and biasing current
• Inteligent fast thermal managment
– Driving conditions independent tight power
control
– Thermal tunning
• Fast thermal accelerator process
• Robust modelling and algorithms

73
Approaches to NGPON2
• DML
Class 3 tuning <1s
– High chirp
• Compensated with higher optical power
• pre-processing and chip selection
– Limited bandwidth
• Good process control and chip selection process
– High dependence of the temperature from the
driving and biasing current
• Inteligent fast thermal managment
– Driving conditions independent tight Power
control
– Thermal tunning Class 2 tuning <25ms
• Fast thermal accelerator process
• Robust modelling and algorithms

74
Approaches to NGPON2
• APD
– High sensitivity

– Thermal tunning
• Fast thermal accelerator process
• Robust modelling and algorithms

75
NGPON2 ONU XFP – Transmitter
• New processes were developed to improve independently the output power
range
– Even without this new process the vast majority is below +9dBm
• G.989.2 Compliance

mean: 7.85dBm

dBm

TO-Type
76
NGPON2 ONU XFP – Transmitter
• New processes were developed to improve the ER
– Mean of 4.28dB

changes stemming from


mean: 4.28dB amdmt of G.989.2: Alow
minimum of ER = 4dB

dB

TO-Type
77
NGPON2 ONU XFP – Transmitter
• Developments on the transmitter side leading to improved results
– Reduction of the output power and maintaining the cost

mean: 7.65 dBm


The mean value is around
7.65dBm which shows
compliance with G.989.2

dBm

78
NGPON2 ONU XFP – Transmitter
• Improvements on the eye quality allowed enhanced upstream performance
Mean: 7.66 dBm amdmt of G.989.2:
Std: 2.16 dB
Minimum of ER = 4dB

Mean: 4.35 dB
Std: 0.15 dB

dB

79
NGPON2 ONU XFP – Transmitter
• Improvements on the eye quality allowed enhanced upstream performance
Mean:
Mean:4.35 dBdBm
7.66 Mean: -28.74 dBm
Std: 0.15 dB
Std: 2.16 dB Std:

OPP below 2dB!


Mean: 0.89 dB

dB

80
NGPON2 ONU XFP – Transmitter
• Fast transmission tuning times
– Mean: 5.55 ms
– Worst case: 1-> 4
• Mean: 9.9 ms
– Best case: 2 -> 1
• Mean: 2.33 ms

ms

81
NGPON2 ONU XFP – Transmitter
• Improvements on the eye quality allowed enhanced upstream performance
Mean: 4.35 dB
Std: 0.15 dB

improved sensitivity
Mean: -28.74 dBm with 20km of fiber!

dBm

82
NGPON2 ONU XFP – Receiver
• Tuning time of the receiver for Class 2.

Mean: 7.66 dBm


Std: 2.16 dB

Receiver Destination (TO) Channel Receiver Destination (TO) Channel


1 2 3 4 1Mean: -28.74 dBm2 3 4
1 x < 10 13 20 1 x < 10 12 18
2 < 20 x < 10 14 2 < 20 X < 10 13
3 20 < 20 x < 10 3 22 < 20 X < 10
4 30 20 < 20 x 4 32 21 < 20 x

Worst case between the 4-1


transition

83
NGPON2 ONU XFP – C-temp
• Showing Sensitivity (20km) vs Case Temperature
-25 6
ER vs Case Temperature

compliance -26
-27
5.5

Popt [dBm]
Mean:4.35
0.89dBdB Ch1Mean: -28.74 dBm

ER [dB]
Mean: Ch1
with -28 Mean: 7.66 dBm
Std:
Std:
-29
2.16
0.15
Std: dBdB
2.16 dB Ch2Std:
5
Ch2
Ch3 Ch3
Commercial -30
-31
Ch4
4.5

4
Ch4

Temperature -20 0 20 40
Case Temperature [°C]
60 80 -20 0 20 40
Case Temperature [°C]
60 80

– Class 2
OPP vs Case Temperature Optical power vs case temperature
3 9

3 8

Popt [dBm]
2
OPP [dB]

Ch1 7 Ch1
2
Ch2 6 Ch2
1
Ch3 Ch3
5
1 Ch4
Ch4
0 4
-20 0 20 40 60 80 -20 0 20 40 60 80
Case Temperature [°C] Case Temperature [°C]

84
NGPON2 ONU XFP – C-temp
T_case CH1 CH4
• Showing compliance with

0°C
Commercial Tempertaure
Mean:
Mean:
Mean: 0.89
4.35 dBdB
7.66 dBm Mean: -28.74 dBm
– Class 2 Std:
Std: 2.16
0.15 dB
dB
Std: 2.16 dB Std:

40°C
70°C
85
NGPON2 ONU XFP – I-temp
• Showing Sensitivity (20km) vs Case Temperature ER vs Case Temperature

compliance -25
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100
6
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100

-26 Mean:
Mean: 0.89
4.35 dBdB Mean: -28.74 dBm
with Industrial -27
Mean:
Std:
Std: 2.16
0.15
7.66
dB
dB
Std: 2.16 dB
dBm
Ch1
Std: 5.5 Ch1

Popt [dBm]

ER [dB]
Ch2 Ch2

Temperature -28

-29
Ch3
Ch4
5
Ch3
Ch4
4.5

– Class 3 -30

-31 4
Case Temperature [°C] Case Temperature [°C]

OPP vs Case Temperature Optical power vs case temperature


3 9
2.5 8.5
2 8

Popt [dBm]
OPP [dB]

Ch1 Ch1
1.5 7.5
Ch2 Ch2
1 7
Ch3 Ch3
0.5 6.5
Ch4 Ch4
0 6
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100
Case Temperature [°C] Case Temperature [°C]

86
NGPON2 ONU XFP – I-temp
• Showing CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4
compliance T_oven
Mean: 4.35 dBdBm
with Mean:
Std: 0.15
7.66
dB
Std: 2.16 dB

-40°C
Industrial
Temperature
– Class 3 85°C

87
NGPON2 ONU XFP
– Currently working on productization
• Moving forward to MASS production
– Experienced partner supporting us
• Quality process implemented with focus on ONU XFP
– Certification in progress in security issues (eg. UL/TUV)
– Certification in progress with environmental concern (eg. RoHS/REACH)
– Certification in progress for universal compliance (FDA)

88
NGPON2 ONU XFP
– Currently working on productization
• Moving forward to MASS production
– Experienced partners supporting us
• Quality process implemented with focus on ONU XFP
– Certification in progress in security issues (eg. UL/TUV)
– Certification in progress with environmental concern (eg. RoHS/REACH)
– Certification in progress for universal compliance (FDA)

89
NGPON2 ONU XFP
– Currently working on productization
• Moving forward to MASS production
– Experienced partner supporting us
• Quality process implemented with focus on ONU XFP
– Certification in progress for security issues (eg. UL/TUV)
– Certification in progress with environmental concern (eg. RoHS/REACH)
– Certification in progress for universal compliance (FDA)

90
NGPON2 ONU XFP
– Currently working on productization
• Moving forward to MASS production
– Experienced partner supporting us
• Quality process implemented with focus on ONU XFP
– Certification in progress in security issues (eg. UL/TUV)
– Certification in progress with the environmental concerns (eg. RoHS/REACH)
– Certification in progress for universal compliance (FDA)

91
NGPON2 ONU XFP
– Currently working on productization
• Moving forward to MASS production
– Experienced partner supporting us
• Quality process implemented with focus on ONU XFP
– Certification in progress in security issues (eg. UL/TUV)
– Certification in progress with environmental concern (eg. RoHS/REACH)
– Certification in progress for universal compliance (FDA)

92
Roadmap
Relative
price

Year

93
Present bets- Packaging
Electrical packaging
Optical coupling efficiency

• Under prototyping tests are


– Improved hosting processes
Wire bonding, flip-chip
– Higher efficiency local
Thermal management temperature monitoring Optical alignment

– New materials for improved


thermal efficiency

Holders with V-grooves


94
Current developments – PIC design
• Design and fabrication InP based
monolythical optical chips
• Base blocks demonstrated for
– Integrated band separation
– Integrated high sensitivity receiver
technology
– Fast tunable DML lasers

95
Conclusions
• NGPON2 enablers at potential access level costs are available
• Industrial and commercial temperature operations may require some
small differences in process
• Optics may require evolution in the short term in order to become
even more competitive with similar technologies
• Market development/growth is required to improve the production
and cost levels of the devices.

96
more at picadvanced.com
teixeira@picadvanced.com

This work was supported by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) under the project
“COMPRESS - All-optical data compression” – PTDC/EEI-TEL/7163/2014, the QREN/COMPETE
P2020 project “HeatIT” ref. 17942 and the CENTRO2020 P2020 project “Internacionalização” ref.
26018.

97
Component market update
Enabling new architectures with converged
technologies
The insatiable demand of bandwidth is going mobile. Services such as Over
The Top (OTT) video and social media as well as high-performance mobile
devices have provided the mobile consumer the ability to demand services
anywhere, anytime, on any device. This places increasing pressure on
operators to support the necessary bandwidth across network boundaries.
Historically, operators built and maintained separate silos between the
wireless, wireline and enterprise networks: physically and organizationally,
Mark Hess in many cases. As bandwidth demand continues to increase according to
Business Development Metcalf’s Law, operators must look towards new architectures to
Manager – ISP Hardware breakdown the service model silos. This presentation will provide guidance
to operators in enabling new NG-PON2 based architectures to meet the
Corning Optical
technical requirements for the convergence of an operator’s network.
Communications
98
Agenda
• Convergence of connectivity and speed
• Network Migration: GPON to NG-PON2
• Inside Plant Migration: GPON to NG-PON2
• CapEx Avoidance: An analysis of convergence

99
Convergence of two laws
Metcalfe’s Law Nielsen’s Law
V ~ N2 Billboard speeds grows 50% per year
V = value
N = number of connected devices
Network
Connectivity Speed
1980’s era disk drive Convergence

Cisco VNI1 estimates by 2020 there will be 26.3 billion network


devices with wireless accounting for 66% of devices
[1] “The Zettabyte Era: Trends and Analysis, July 2016”, Cisco Visual Network Index
100
Network Migration: GPON to NG-PON2
GPON
ONT

GPON

1:2 1:32

1:2

RF Video GPON
ONT

1:32

OTDR

101
Network Migration: GPON to NG-PON2
MUX
GPON
ONT

NG-PON2

XGS-PON
ONT

GPON
NG-PON2
1:2 1:32 ONT
CEX 1:2
XGS-PON
NG-PON2
ONT

RF Video GPON
ONT

1:32
XGS-PON
OTDR ONT

MUX

PTP
PTP ONT

102
Inside Plant: GPON
Actives Passives

Legend
2X2
Splitter

Stubbed
Housing

Transition
OLT Actives
Network
Equipment
Splice
Frame(s)

GPON

OSP

103
Inside Plant: GPON to XGS-PON Migration
Actives Passives

Legend
2X2
Splitter

Stubbed
Housing
XGS-PON
OLT

CEX
Transition
OLT Actives Housing
Network
Equipment
Splice
Frame(s)

GPON

OSP

104
Inside Plant: XGS-PON to NG-PON2 Migration
Actives Passives

Legend
2X2
NG-PON2 Splitter
OLT

Stubbed
Housing
XGS-PON
OLT

CEX
Transition
OLT Actives Housing
Network
Equipment
Splice
Frame(s) WM1
GPON
Housing

OSP

105
WDM/CEX form factors
Modules & Housings Cassettes & Housings Splice Trays & Shelves

106
Network convergence: NG-PON2 Scenario
Assumptions
• 100,000 home and mixed use area
• FTTH Build ~$900 HP, ~$600 HC
• 70% aerial, 30% underground
• 1x64 total split centralized or distributed
Potential additional services
• Wireless
• Mobile: Macro cell, Small cell
• Fixed: LoS, Non-LoS
• DAS: In building, Outdoor, Wi-Fi
• Business services (Pt-Pt)
• Back Haul, Interoffice
107
Network convergence: Payoff!
• Although difficult, converging multiple applications onto a single network enables
greater economies of scale
• Example: one system for schools, government offices, traffic lights, security cameras,
Wi-Fi in the city center and residential high-speed internet
Cumulative Carrier CAPEX
$110

$100 Additional Services by DA


• Small cell 25%  $10M
$90
FTTH • SME Services 20%  $1M
$M

$80 CAPEX for a typical build for 100k home


area with a fully enabled multi-service
• Backhaul 10%  $0.7M
$70 network • Cost avoidance of parallel networks
$60
results in 15%-50% CapEx savings and
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 significant speed to revenue advantages
FTTH Small cells Business Services Backhaul Source: Corning Analysis

Converged networks allow addressing multiple market segment simultaneously, adding


revenue streams and de-risking the business case for optical fiber
108
Summary
• Referencing Metcalf’s and Nielsen’s law, we have reached a point
where operators must consider not only the speed provided to a
subscriber but also ensuring ubiquitous connectivity.
• The migration of a PON network from today’s technologies to
those allowing for a fully converged architecture may be achieved
with little impact to the headend.
• The payoff an operator will experience is significant long-term capital
avoidance.

109
Ecosystem Market update
Segment 3

Bernd Hesse
NGPON2 Council Chairman, BASE Chairman, Broadband Forum
Sen. Director Technology Development, Calix 11
Segment 3: Ecosystem Market Update

Track 1: NG-PON2
Moderator
Time Bernd Hesse BBF Event Chairman, Sen.Director Technology Development / CALIX
NG-PON2: Converged Access for 5G Transport
11:20 - 11:40
Shane McClelland Head of Access and Transport / Ericsson
Getting more from the fiber networks with NGPON2
11:40 - 12:00
Ronald Heron FTTH Technologies, CTO team / Nokia
NG-PON2 a catalyst for SDA
12:00 - 12:20
Thomas Martin Principle Sales Engineer / Calix
Convergence and NGPON2
12:20 - 12:40
Erik Gronvall VP Strategy and Business Development / Commscope

111
Ecosystem market update
NG-PON2: Converged Access for 5G
Transport
This session will review the 5G market and use
case needs and discuss how NG-PON2 is
positioned to meet these requirements. Focus
will be given to the different interface
Shane McClelland requirements based on emerging 5G standards
Head of Access and Transport
Ericsson
and discuss where NG-PON2 will play a role in
converged transport.

112
NEW OPPORTUNITIES
NEW CHALLENGES
• 11% CAGR connected devices
• 28 Billion devices by 2021

Increased New things


Open and network capacity get connected

Connected Devices (IP Tunnels)


Capable devices

More decisions
More commerce & More cloud
based on real-time
financial transactions storage & services
data

Today: • +90% movie content


Triple Play Service Bundles • +121% TV programs
Sub 100 Mbps connections • +200% viewing hours/week
Sustainable More services Secure
get networked
Bandwidth Growth per Subscriber
Sources:
Ericsson Mobility Report 2016
Ericsson TV Media Report 2016

113
5G Ran characteristics
2CC 4x4MIMO + 1CC 2x2MIMO (256QAM)

LAA 1 licensed 4x4MIMO + 3 unlicensed CC 2x2MIMO


(256QAM)

5CC (256QAM) 1000


MBPS
cat-16

600
3CC + 256QAM MBPS
(20+20+20)
cat-11
Per Sector BW (bps)
450 Site Type Frequency Coverage
3CC (20+20+20) MBPS Peak Average
cat-9
Macro 600MHz 150M 22M 2.3-4.5Km
300
2CC (20+20) MBPS 3.5GHz 500M 100M 400-600m
cat-6
2CC 150
Small 28GHz 3G 1.7G 200-500m
(10+10) MBPS
cat-4 37.5-40GHz 3G 1.7G 150-400m
Indoor 64-71GHz 5+G 1-2G Building
ECOC 2017 | © Ericsson AB 2017 | Page 6
114
5G Ran Architectures
No Longer “One Size Fits All”

Distributed RAN
Centralized RAN
Virtualized RAN
Elastic RAN
Area traffic density

Improve, Densify, Add

Improve, Densify Improve

Dense urban Urban Suburban Rural › IP transport

› Low latency Ethernet (Fronthaul) 115


5G - Key drivers for transport

More Bandwidth Lower latency Tighter Sync


Available NR spectrum Improved responsiveness Baseband Coordination
Dual Connectivity C-MTC emerging Smaller TTIs
Carrier Aggregation Baseband Coordination But also…
LAA Use case dependencies relaxed sync for Massive IoT!

More Connections More Security New Interfaces


D2F/ V2X VRAN/Cloud deployments New architectures
Massive IoT Regulators/Global threats New functionality
Small Cells Critical infrastructure Centralized vs Distributed
And more use cases… VRAN

ECOC 2017 | © Ericsson AB 2017 | Page 3


116
5G Typical Transport Requirements

5G New Radio Virtual Packet Processor (vPP) Core


(NR) Virtual Radio Controller (vRC)
Radio Processor
(RP)

eCPRI F1, IP Fronthaul eS1

10-25G /sector Typical 10G /site


depending on
<75µs eMBB <5ms
Time/Phase connected
sync. RPs / subscribers
≤±1.5µs

Latency, throughput and sync requirements driven by e2e service requirements

117
DWDM scalability over single fiber
NG-PON2 & Fronthaul Co-Existence
3.0
Guardband GB
NGA GPON NGA NGA

GB 1500-1530

NG-PON2 US λ1- λ 4 1532-1535nm

NG-PON2 DS λ1- λ 4 1596-1598nm


1360-1400 1450-1480

GPON DS 1480-1500
US

24 P2P λs (Fronthaul target)


1260 1340 1360-1415 1400

2.5 1280 1360 1450

1290-1330nm
1415
Fiber Attenuation (dB / km)

1450
2.0

1.5
1391
1271 1291 1310 1331 1351 1371 1411 1431 1451 1471 1491 1591 1611 1625
1511 1531 1551 1571
1.0

0.5

0.0

1200nm 1300nm 1400nm 1500nm 1600nm


48x DWDM λs
100 GHz/~0.8nm spacing
18x CWDM λs
G.694.2 CWDM Grid 1528.77nm 1566.31nm

G.694.1 DWDM Grid


118
Use case 1 - distributed 5G macro fiber to the Building

NR Small Cells
NR 5G Radio
NR Processor Fit for RAN backhaul (eS1, eX2) and IP
Fronthaul (F1)
5G NR

Virtual Packet Processor (vPP)


Virtual Radio Controller (vRC)
10GE eS1, eX2
F1 IP Fronthaul

NG-PON2
ONUs

Splitter WM1 NG-PON2


OLT

119
Use case 2 – centralized 5G macro
Fiber to the pole – shared fiber

› Transparency, open to new eCPRI rates (e.g. 25Gbs)

› Partial DWDM C-Band overlap (NG-PON2 UP, RF Video)

NR NR NR › Potential Fronthaul loss due to NGPON-2 power splitters

5G NR
5G Radio
Fronthaul Fronthaul Processor
eCPRI λs eCPRI λs

eCPRI λs
vPP/vRC
NG-PON2 NG-PON2
Splitter CE-OSP eWM1 NG-PON2
OLT

120
Use case 3 – centralized 5G macro
Fiber to the pole – shared cable

› Transparency, open to new eCPRI rates (e.g. 25Gbs)

› Full DWDM Fronthaul capacity, power splitter by-pass

NR NR NR › Additional fiber needed


5G NR
5G Radio
eCPRI λs Fronthaul
Fronthaul Processor
eCPRI λs

eCPRI λs

vPP/vRC
NG-PON2
Splitter NG-PON2 NG-PON2
CE-OSP eWM1
OLT

121
Ecosystem market update
Getting more from the fiber
networks with NGPON2
Leading service providers worldwide are on the
path to fiber upgrades, which will enable them to
get more value form the existing infrastructure
and prepare for the future. This session will
Ronald Heron
Lead Technologist
provide overview of market drivers, use cases,
FTTH Technologies, CTO Team, technical and migration considerations for
Nokia, Ottawa, Canada NGPON2
122
The 10G PON game is on
TODAY FUTURE
Operators worldwide are testing or deploying 10G PON By 2022: 10G PON may overtake current PON
(Source: Ovum 2017)

NTT
Japan
Verizon Elisa Vodafone
USA Finland Spain Energia
EPB Chattanooga Japan
USA
China Mobile
China
Telefonica SKB
Post Lux
Setar Spain South Korea
Luxembourg
Aruba

Turk Telekom Ministry of 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Turkey Communications
Kuwait Nbn Current PON XG-PON1 XGS-PON NG-PON2 10G EPON
Australia
Du
UAE
Oredoo
Quatar Common view Uncertainties
Drivers:
• 5G readiness • 10G PON is growing • Volume take-off year?
• Market leading speeds • 10G EPON flattering out • Direction of Chinese market?
• Service convergence • ITU-based PON growing • Impact of upcoming
• Technology proof of concept technologies (25G, PTP WDM)?

123
TWDM-PON unlocks full potential of fiber
Fiber’s changing role: from bandwidth booster to value generator

Mobile X-haul
TWDM tunable (10/10 or 10/2.5)
TWDM tunable (10/10 or 10/2.5)
TWDM tunable (10/10 or 10/2.5) Wavelength mobility
TWDM tunable (10/10 or 10/2.5)
GPON Simplified operations
Residential

Flexible rates
Remote node
backhaul Service convergence

Business
Business
Symmetrical rates
Increased revenues

124
Increasing operational efficiency with TWDM-PON

Assigning users to
another wavelength from
the Central Office

Bandwidth rebalancing Service availability Power savings

Re-assign a user to another wavelength to Temporarily re-assign all users to another Move all users to one wavelength during
free the bandwidth capacity wavelength, during software upgrades or low usage period and switch off the rest
failure, for near-zero service outage

125
NOKIA— PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL — RESTRICTED — SOLELY FOR AUTHORIZED PERSONS HAVING A NEED TO KNOW.
COPYRIGHT © 2016 NOKIA. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
125
Residential segment
Pre-aggregation FTTB upgrades Upgrading top users Unbundling
Backhaul large number Connect MDU with high Add more wavelengths to cover Wavelength unbundling for
of micro-nodes to boost capacity G.fast in-building more residential users or boost co-investment, sharing of
bandwidth on copper infrastructure their bandwidth cost and risk(passive,
loops active, full separation)

126
Adding the business segment to accelerate ROI
Business demographics in WE =15%
Businesses (source: Point Topic 2017) Of total
Planned cell sites residential HH
Residential FTTH
XLE 1%

SME 10%

Micro 89%

NG-PON2 suitable to address Business segment:


• Available infrastructure
• 10 Gb/s speeds
• Symmetrical bitrates
• Operational efficiency
• SLA fulfillment
127
Addressing the needs of mobile evolution
Trend 1: Proliferation of small cells

Traffic today LTE <6GHz 5G cm spectrum 5G mm spectrum


Spectrum 20-60 MHz 200 MHz 600 MHz 2 GHz
3x 3x 2x =10%
Sites/km2 15 50 150 300 residential FTTH
in urban area
Intercell distance 225m 140m 80m 57m

High capacity, high split NG-PON2 is suitable to backhaul increasing number of small cells
128
Addressing the needs of mobile evolution
Trend 2: Huge number of small cells requires more efficient centralized network architecture

Moving some functionality from small cells to centralized unit helps: But, it has impact on transport networks’
• Cost-efficiency (power, cost of cells) bandwidth and latency requirements.
• Improved coordination between cells 10G PON or PTP needed.
• Efficient pooling of resources

SON
OAM PDCP RLC MAC Up PHY Lo PHY RF
APPS

Centralized Unit Distributed Unit

129
Addressing the needs of mobile evolution
X-haul variant Interface Bandwidth Latency
Classical Backhaul Ethernet 1x variable bitrate >20 ms
5G Backhaul - F1 Interface Ethernet 1.2x variable bitrate <8 ms
Classical Fronthaul – CPRI CPRI 15x constant bitrate <0.250 ms
5G Optimized Fronthaul - eCPRI Ethernet 5x variable bitrate 200 ms

SON
OAM PDCP RLC MAC Up PHY Lo PHY RF
APPS

Centralized Unit Distributed Unit

130
TWDM-PON considerations for mobile fronthaul (1/2)
LOCATION BANDWIDTH
Macro cells are usually not in Central office. So it Modest BW for F1 interface.
may be difficult to leverage FTTH OLT and fiber Much higher BW for eCPRI fronthaul …could drive the need
for greater that 25G+ / wavelength

Macro

eCPRI Quiet time PEAK per stream (Average is lower)


[Mbps]
16 3097 6193 12386 30965 61930 123860 247720

8 1548 3097 6193 15483 30965 61930 123860


MIMO
[# antennae layers] 4 774 1548 3097 7741 15483 30965 61930 > 25 Gbps
• Some stat muxing possible 2 387 774 1548 3871 7741 15483 30965 25G PON
• Limited number of cells per l 10G PON
1 194 387 774 1935 3871 7741 15483
GPON
10 20 40 100 200 400 800
RF bandwidth served [MHz]
131
TWDM-PON considerations for mobile fronthaul (2/2)
LATENCY DISTANCE
DBA & Ranging introduces latency (125 μs + 125 ms). Possible Reach penalty due to low latency. Additional 5km tax for TDM DBA.
solutions: use a different wavelength for ranging and vDBA Result is <15km reach. Is that enough for macro to small cell?

Distance = Time * speed of light


Macro

Demonstrate
d 0.085ms

FIBER REACH FOR DIFFERENT RTT


Round trip latency Classical Improved Measures
40 PtP WDM
OLT = 0.4ms
TWDM-Improved
•Ethernet switching, packet 0.2 –1ms  0 - 0.1 ms Bi-pass or Optimize

FIBER REACH (KM)


inspection, etc. 30 TWDM-Classical
= 0.3ms
Fiber Access 20km
•Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation 0.125ms  0.05ms vDBA & sub-frame
20 5 km tax for DBA Improvement
= 0.2ms
•FEC Coding and decoding 0.002ms 0.002ms < 15 km
10 reach for
•Ranging 0.125 ms  Eliminate Use extra l = 0.1ms
TWDM Assuming negligible
•Speed of light (15km rnd trip) 0.15ms 0.15ms delay from OLT
0
•Round Trip Time (RTT) 0.6-1.4 ms 0.2 - 0.3 ms
(requirement <0.2ms) 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
REQUIRED RTT - ALLOCTED BY MOBILE SYSTEM (MS)
132
Volume & innovations driving NG-PON2 cost reduction
GPON ONT port evolution 2004-2017 TWDM-PON2 cost decrease will be driven by
(Source: Infonetics Research)
volumes and innovations
cost cost
High bitrates to address high revenue
$800 generating market in the near future
$700
$600
$500
$400
$300
$200
$100
$0
Cost-efficient solution in time
10K 150K 1M 200M for volume deployments
volumes volumes

133
NGPON2 - Technology challenges
TWDM ONU Tunable laser for transmitting wavelength
(DFB,EML, DBR..)
Di-plexer Logic
Tunable λ-filter for APD
receiving wavelength (optical-electrical convertor)

Wavelength Drift Cross Talk Chromatic Dispersion Sensitivity and tuning time

suppression
Laser wanders
outside of Side-band “1”s arrive faster than the “0”s
Expected Sensitivity
ratio
channel during 20km arrival of Class1: <10μs
bursts “1” vs actual Class2: 10-25μs
arrival Class 3: 25μs-1s
Ch 1
Ch 1 Ch 2 Ch 3 Ch 4 Cost
Distortion is problematic at 10Gbps
(worse in C/L band than O band)

Solutions: Side-band from ch 1 is noise for ch 3

• Stabilize using careful thermal • Use clean laser with high side- • DFB is borderline for 20km • Thermally controlled TFF for Class 3
control band suppression • Trade-off power, ER, OPP • MEMs required for Class 2
• DCF, EDC
• EML will provide >20km

Technology challenges mostly addressed. Biggest challenge is the cost (dependent on volumes) 134
Evolution to 25G NGPON2+: Technology challenges
TWDM ONU 10 or 25G in C-band
Tunable laser for transmitting wavelength
Di-plexer Logic
Tunable λ-filter for APD
25G in L-band receiving wavelength (optical-electrical convertor)

Total Spectral Excursion (TSE) Chromatic Dispersion Power


7
0
Dispersion
Measured dispersion
Back-to-back performance @ 25G

Dispersion Penalty at BER=10 [dB]


Modulated Spectral Width Black = CW tolerance at l1556 nm
Spectral
at - 15 dBm 25GBluesignal
= 10 Gbps is
NRZwider 6
Tolerance for
= NRZ
Requires +5dB for same +1 dB for extra OPP

-3
10 Gbps = +/- 8.5 GHz Red = 25 Gbps NRZ
-10
Width
25 Gbps = +/-14.5 GHz  +/- 5.5GHz allowed TSE EML @ 25G
= EDB
performance as 10G
Normalized Optical Power [dBm]

5 = PAM4

-20 10G signal is narrower 4 25 Gbps


+/- 11.5 GHz allowed TSE 5 dB
3
Increase OPP Less tolerance
-30
to 2dB @ 25G
2
-40
NRZ EDB
1 PAM4
-50
Max wavelength 0
Max Wavelength tolerance
=tolerance
+/- 20 GHz +/- 20GHz
-60
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
-80 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 Dispersion [ps/nm]
Frequency Offset from Peak [GHz]

Solutions: • Increase OPP (e.g. 2dB), • Stronger FEC: +1dB


• 25G PON fits but requires tighter • Use EML i.s.o. DML in US • Amplification at OLT (extra 5dB required)
stabilization of wavelength drift NRZ: 11km / EDB: 19KM • E.g. active WM easiest pathway
• Downstream easier to control • In DS: EDB or Chirp Mitigation Laser • Amplification in ONT to be avoided
(constant bit rate – no burst mode) • Dispersion Comp Fiber or EDC • NB: 4dB less fiber attenuation over 20km in
• NB: C/L band is more difficult than O-band C/L band vs O-band
Technical solutions can be envisaged. 25G/10G is easier than 25/25G. Concern is cost effectiveness 135
Pay-as-you-grow upgrade path

TWDM ONT
XGS ONT TWDM ONT
ISAM FX GPON ONT TWDM ONT
Co-existence
Element
OLT Multiplexer

N
G
G
P
P CEx & MUX
O
O
N
N Step 1 Step 2
Introduce XGS-PON Introduce TWDM-PON
• Add Co-existence element • Add wavelength multiplexer
• Install universal NG-PON line card • Add TWDM optics in the existing line card
CO OSP • Add XGS optics & XGS ONT • Add TWDM ONT

136
Ecosystem market update
NG-PON2 a catalyst for SDA
NG-PON2 is driving a new approach to a single
consolidated fiber access network for Business,
Mobile Backhaul/Fronthaul and Residential services
as part of this and the growing need for an aligned
Data Center core and edge plus access strategy many
Service Providers are seeing there NG-PON2
Thomas Martin investment as the catalyst to investing in an aligned
Principal Sales Engineer Software Defined Access and SDN strategy. This
Calix session will focus on what SDA actually delivers as
part of this new approach.
137
Agenda

SDA ▪ Introduction
▪ NG-PON2 the Catalyst
▪ Software Defined Access
▪ Summary

138
Proprietary and Confidential
Data Consumption is Exponential…Revenue is Not…Competition has no Boundaries

A large undertaking: Reduce OPEX and


CAPEX while increasing ARPU and margin Demand
10X
▪ Most valuable asset is you and your team
▪ Largest expense is you and your team

Whilst NGPON2 addresses BW Demand


Operational efficiency is critical:
Revenue
▪ Forced to do more with the same resources
▪ Resources need to shift to customer acquisition and
retention Source: Morgan Stanley
Research
▪ Network functions need to be collapsed and automated…
driven by software

139
Proprietary and Confidential
Why Software Defined Access

The network of yesterday is not the


Subscriber Driven, Intelligent Access
network of tomorrow
Decades of “box thinking” have left us
with networks that are…
▪ Tied to the hardware
▪ Difficult to change Prioritized capital
▪ Mired in middleware investments based on
upsell opportunities
▪ Operated by specialists identified through
▪ Locked into the BSS/OSS usage profiles

▪ Serially adopted and integrated

140
Proprietary and Confidential
NG-PON2: The SDA Catalyst

142
Proprietary and Confidential
What if you had just one access network?

Business Network

Mobile Network

Residential Network
143
Proprietary and Confidential
Managing Subscribers in today’s network

Today’s Network Architecture Service delivery complexities


▪ Separate network equipment ▪ Delays due to network segment readiness (all
must be synchronized)
▪ Separate operations processes
▪ Requires roadmap synchronization to deliver
▪ Separate operations staff service across network (OLT, BNG)
▪ High operations costs to manage, deliver and
troubleshoot across multiple network segments
▪ Limited visibility to subscriber behaviors

Internet
Edge Router / Aggregation
Subscriber Router
Termination (BNG)

Edge Access
Network Network

Proprietary and Confidential


Consolidated NG-PON2 Networks and SDA will redefine the access edge

ReDefining the Access Edge


▪ Subscriber facing functions
▪ Agnostic deployments (DC,CO,HE)
▪ Ride the VNF wave

Unbounded Performance
▪ Non-blocking
▪ Lowest Power
▪ Snaps into Data Center fabrics
▪ Fewer to provision and manage
▪ Less rack space, HVAC
and power required

145
Proprietary and Confidential
Are you Ready to Redefine your Access Network?

▪ Less systems to maintain, manage and


provision
▪ Easier to turn up new service types
▪ Reduced errors during service turn-up
▪ No more maintenance windows
▪ Reduce the need to upgrade/replace
existing routers

CapEx OpEx
Reduction Reduction
75% 80%

Proprietary and Confidential 146


Software Defined Access (SDA)
Meeting the needs of a Consolidated Subscriber Driven
Market

147
Proprietary and Confidential
Software Defined Access (SDA) - The heart of Intelligent Access

Software abstracted from the hardware

PON Provision

G.xx Provision
PON Control
▪ Any PHY (physical layer)

G.xx Control

SUB MGMT

SECURITY
PON Stats

ROUTING
G.xx Stats

VLAN

QOS
L2
▪ Data plane fully decoupled from control and SERVICES

management planes
▪ Modular components upgrade independently
SERVICE ABSTRACTION LAYER
FRAMEWORK
Stateful, always on operation HARDWARE ABSTRACTION LAYER

▪ Self-monitoring, self-healing
MERCHANT
SILICON
Integration with any SDN / OSS platform
SYSTEMS
xPON G.xx Premise x86
▪ Open standards, virtualized and abstracted
management

148
Proprietary and Confidential
Welcome to the Future – SDA Components

SDA Component Library

A1 A2 A3 A4

Layer
B1 B2 B3 B4
3

C1 C2 C3 C4

D1 D2 D3 D4

A1 A2 A3 A4 A1 A2 A3 A2 A4 A1 A3
Layer Layer Layer Layer
B3 3 B1 B2 B3 3 B1 3
B1 3

C2 C4 C1 C3 C4 C3 C2 C3 C4

D1 D1 D2 D3 D4 D2 D3 D4 D1 D2 D4

Sandbox 10G EPON MEF CE 2.0 NG-PON2

149
Proprietary and Confidential
SDA Native SDN interfaces speed integration and service automation

Business Systems and Applications

Multi-Domain SDN Orchestrator

SDN Controller
Native interfaces for your SDN future
- no middleware, shims, or adaptors
between your OSS and your network

• NETCONF / YANG
• OpenFlow

150
Proprietary and Confidential
What does SDA Means for You

PON Provision

G.xx Provision
PON Control

G.xx Control

SUB MGMT

SECURITY
PON Stats

ROUTING
G.xx Stats
One network, one software platform

VLAN

QOS
L2
SERVICES
▪ Speed up time to market
▪ Adopt new technologies quickly
SERVICE ABSTRACTION LAYER
▪ Not tied to hardware or vendor FRAMEWORK
HARDWARE ABSTRACTION LAYER
▪ Lower cost of operations
▪ Gain network and subscriber insight MERCHANT
SILICON
▪ Operate a stateful, self-healing network SYSTEMS
xPON G.xx Premise x86

151
Proprietary and Confidential
Ecosystem market update

Convergence and NGPON2

This section provides inside of Trends in 5G and


considerations for the passive architecture as it
relates to a converged network running NGPON2
Erik Gronvall .
VP Strategy and Market
Development,
CommScope
152
We are
moving
toward a
Fixed converged
world.
Wireless

153
Megatrends drive the need converging networks
gigabit Wi-Fi
IoT smart cities
FTTx

DOCSIS 3.1
cell densification
FTTH autonomous
4K video

5 virtual reality vehicles

G Big Data
Cloud

wearables
digital economy CONVERGENCE

C-RAN LTE IPTV HFC


High-bandwidth, low-latency, ubiquitous fiber connectivity provides the foundation.
154
Three 5G Use Cases
Each shift in network technology brings new
opportunities and new user experiences

Enhanced Mobile Internet Ultra-low


Broadband Of Things Latency
155
Three 5G Use Cases

1 Enhanced Mobile Broadband

10
UP
TO
GBPS PER
SUBSCRIBER

1-7
TYPICAL
GBPS PER
SUBSCRIBER

10-100x
CONNECTED DEVICES

156
Three 5G Use Cases

2 Internet of Things

20
MORE
THAN
BILLION
THINGS

1,000x MORE
BANDWIDTH

5x LOCATION
DENSITY

157
Three 5G Use Cases

3 Ultra-Low Latency
LESS THAN
5MILLISECONDS

5% OF 4G

158
3 Key 5G Strategies

Densification Virtualization Optimization

159
The Dilemma…
Maximize

FTTH
ROI
5G Reduce Operating
Fixed Expenses

Wireless
Smaller
NEW Revenue Do Reduce Revenue for
Opportunities Existing
More Costs Services
C-RAN
FTTx

IoT
Reduce
Capital Spend
Speed
Powering Deployment

160
CONVERGED NETWORK ARCHITECTURE OVERVIEW
• Networks need to be designed and

1:4
constructed to provide maximum capacity and GPON Drop
flexibility Terminal
Direct
• Splitters, C/DWDM’s and other optical devices Business
Drop

xWDM
will be used to optimize network utilization
CRAN Terminal
Optical
xWDM
Distribution
G/EPON Frame (ODF)
OLT
OSP Feeder Cable Access
LTE
C/DWDM
BBU
Terminal
DAS

xWDM
host unit

Central Office
Multi-Use Access
Small Cell
Terminal
Terminal

161
What is Convergence
• The merging of wireless and wireline onto a single network.
• Converged networks can range from shared physical assets to fully
integrated software & hardware platforms
– Physical Convergence of Network Assets
• Riding the same pipe
• Strategically sharing of cables, buildings, and even fiber.

– Convergence at the software level


• Merging the bit-stream
• NGPON2, Managed services

– Full Convergence Hardware/ Software/ Physical Network


• Full convergence of Wireless and Wireline functions through virtualization
• Full SDN/NFV for wireline and wireless,

162
NGPON2 Challenges and benefits for Convergence
• Benefits: • Challenges
– One system for Business and – CPRI and eCPRI
residence – Latency
– Flexibility to provide different – Cell site coordination.
services
– Capability for Fixed wireless

163
Optical Network Considerations for Convergence and NGPON2
Insertion of other optical signals in CO
Upgrade
NGPON2

GPON
Coexistence

OSP
Video

OSP access points


Filtered ONT
164
IN SUMMARY
Key Takeaways

Convergence Prep for the Flexible Network friendly


NGPON2 is a key tool to Future Network operators Network architecture
deploying a truly need to be able to and product selections
converged network. Keep the network
capable for the future. support multiple need to focus on
• Residential network applications on providing the Density,
5G is coming and it will
• Business have a huge impact on a single network Accessibility and
Flexibility needed for
• Wireless the network design.
the future
• Additional
wavelengths
• Isolated ONT’s

165
EVOLUTION OF RAN ARCHITECTURES
Conventional RAN Centralized RAN Cloud RAN

Standard BS BBU Remoted BBU Centralized Inter BBU Pooling + CoMP


Remote Phase 1 Centralization Future C-RAN
Traditional Head Site
Site (RRU)
3 cells per 3 cells per 30 or > 30 or > 30 or >
BBU BBU cells per BBU cells per BBU cells per BBU

BS
Radio
Radio Radio
BS

CPRI/OBSAI
CPRI/OBSAI
Radio Fiber Fiber Fiber Fiber
Fronthaul Fronthaul Fronthaul Fronthaul
BBU
BBU BBU Pool
BBU Pool
Switching Layer
BBU1 BBU2 vBBU1 vBBU3
Backhaul Backhaul vBBU2
Fiber/M-Wave Fiber/M-Wave

Core Network Core Network


Backhaul to Backhaul to Backhaul to Backhaul to Backhaul to
Core Core Core Core Core

166
Integration and applications update
Segment 4

Moderator: Julie Kunstler


Principal Analyst, Ovum
16
Segment 4: Integration and applications update
Track 1: NG-PON2
Moderator
Time Julie Kuenstler Principal Analyst / Ovum
Next-gen PON is here
13:00 - 13:25
Julie Kuenstler Principal Analyst /Ovum
Operators Perspective
13:25 - 13:40
Diego B. Anderson SVP & GM – Residential Small Business segment / Lumos Networks
CenturyLink - 10G PON Implementation
13:40 - 13:55
Curt Frankenfeld Director - Access Technology, Strategy and Development / CenturyLink
NGPON2 as a new way of looking at the access
13:55 - 14:10
Vincent O'Byrne Director-Technology Group / VZ
Panel discussion
14:10 - 14:30
All

168
Integration and applications update

Next-gen PON is here

Next-gen PON equipment is shipping in all regions.


Component vendors are ramping-up to support the
major shift to next-gen PON technologies.
Julie Kunstler Communications Service Providers are exploring
Principal Analyst next-gen PON’s support for non-residential and
Ovum residential applications and subscribers..

169
NG-PON2 supports key network demands

Bandwidth intensive
Mobile data growth
applications are
increases the need for
continuing to grow –
fiber-based MBH and
whether for consumers,
MFH solutions. Growth
businesses, universities
in FWA and 5G increases
or governments and
NG-PON2 supports the demand for NG-
whether wireline, fixed
residential and non- PON2.
or wireless.
residential subscribers (While NG-PON2 Forum
Wireline is needed
and applications, such as analysts understand this;
whether all the way or
FTTH, MBH and MFH. many others do not.)
not.
And it supports FANs
(fixed access network
sharing) and government
mandated open access.

170
Next-gen PON deployments underway
Upgrades underway – beginning with central offices – quarterly equipment market share:

• 2Q17 - next-gen EPON = 94% of


total next-gen OLT port shipments:
• GPON upgrades lagging EPON but
will catch-up

• 10G EPON deployments:


• China Telecom
• KDDI and Kopticom in Japan
• US cable operators

• 10G GPON (XG-PON and XGS):


• China and HK
• Singapore
• Japan – Sony
• Western Europe
• SCA (South and Central America)
• NA (North America) telco
Source: Ovum
operators
171
Next-gen PON dominates the forecast
PON Optical Component Forecast – next-gen versus non-next-gen

• Aggressive forecast for


next-gen PON optics.

• In 2022, 90% of total


PON optics revenues
will be from next-gen.

• Next-gen includes XG,


XGS, NG-PON2, 10G
EPON and
25/50/100G.

• OC PON forecast
published in August
2017.
Source: Ovum

172
NG-PON2 forecast – becomes significant
Focusing on NG-PON2 – units and ASPs

• Ovum's forecast assumes ramp in NG-


PON2 optics.

• However, NG-PON2 optics volumes


will not approach the forecasted 10G
optics volumes since China's CSPs are
focusing on 10G.

• NG-PON2 deployments will begin


later this year or early 2018.

• ASPs for NG-PON2 optics will decline


rapidly.
• Forecast reviewed by ecosystem
before publication in August 2017.

• Ratio of ONTs to OLTs is difficult to


forecast right now.

Source: Ovum 173


NG-PON2 – advantages and key supporters
Supports MBH, MFH
and enterprises • Major NG-PON2 service
Supports open- providers:
access regulatory
requirements – Verizon
– CenturyLink
– Ucom (Armenia)
– Numerous small
municipal/electric utility
operators in US
– Several European operators

• Increasing interest from optical


Ovum has been
component and sub-component
discussing the use of vendors that have not previously
PON for “converged” shown interest in NG-PON2.
access for quite some
time and NG-PON2
can do so easily.
174
NG-PON2 is a strong fit for MBH

• PON has supported


MBH since 2006.

• Several operators saw


advantages of using
PON for residential
and non-residential
applications.

• NG-PON2 is a perfect
fit with its ability to
assign a wavelength.

175
NG-PON2 is a strong fit for MFH (mobile fronthaul)
Challenge Potential Solution
Organizational silos: Vendors must work with both sides of the
• Optical fiber-based solutions
▪ Wireless engineers handle operator; bring the two organizations
fronthaul. together. dominate the MFH equipment
▪ Wireline engineers handle FTTx. market.

• PON has an opportunity to support


Technical – can PON really handle Issues to be solved:
non-CPRI-based MFH.
fronthaul technical requirements? ▪ Difficult for CPRI MFH
▪ Yes for non-CPRI (Ethernet-based)
• Growth in 5G increases need for
fiber-based MFH.
Competitive solutions – there are ▪ Vendors must provide detailed analysis of
well-known, proven solutions, such as pros/cons of the various solutions.
• NG-PON2 is a perfect fit with its
point-to-point fiber. ▪ Vendors must solve their internal
positioning of PON for fronthaul versus ability to assign a wavelength.
other solutions.

176
Integration and applications update
Operator’s Perspective
Lumos Networks is a regional fiber operator
providing services in the Mid-Atlantic region, and is
HQ in Waynesboro Va. The company has been in
operations for 120 years, and has significantly
transformed by expanding a fiber network to serve
consumers, enterprises, and carrier
customers. Lumos has been deploying a GPON
Diego B. Anderson
SVP & GM – Residential Small based products for over 10 years within its Rural
Business segment Local Exchanges as part of the IP Services offerings
Lumos Networks and Fiber to the Premise architecture targeting
residential and SMB customers.
177
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Included in this presentation are certain non-GAAP financial measures that are not determined in accordance with US generally accepted
accounting principles. These financial performance measures are not indicative of cash provided or used by operating activities and exclude the
effects of certain operating, capital and financing costs and may differ from comparable information provided by other companies, and they
should not be considered in isolation, as an alternative to, or more meaningful than measures of financial performance determined in accordance
with US generally accepted accounting principles. These financial performance measures are commonly used in the industry and are presented
because Lumos Networks Corp. believes they provide relevant and useful information to investors. The Company utilizes these financial
performance measures to assess its ability to meet future capital expenditure and working capital requirements, to incur indebtedness if
necessary, and to fund continued growth. Lumos Networks Corp. also uses these financial performance measures to evaluate the performance of
its business, for budget planning purposes and as factors in its employee compensation programs.

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements


This Presentation includes certain forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements reflect, among other things, our current expectations, plans and
strategies, and anticipated financial results, all of which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and factors that may cause our actual results to
differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Many of these risks are beyond our ability to control or predict. Because of
these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Furthermore, forward-looking statements
speak only as of the date they are made. We do not undertake any obligation to update or review any forward-looking information, whether as a result of new
information, future events or otherwise. Important factors with respect to any such forward-looking statements, including certain risks and uncertainties that could
cause actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements, include, but are not limited to: the successful closing of the announced EQT
Merger, including obtaining the requisite regulatory and governmental approvals and satisfying other closing conditions; the risk that required governmental and
regulatory approvals may delay the Merger or result in the imposition of conditions that could cause the parties to abandon the Merger or materially impact the
financial benefits of the Merger; the timing to consummate the proposed Merger; any disruption from the proposed Merger making it more difficult to maintain
relationships with customers, employees or suppliers; the diversion of management time on Merger-related issues; the Merger may involve unexpected costs,
liabilities or delays; the outcome of any legal proceedings related to the Merger, the failure by EQT Infrastructure to obtain the necessary financing arrangement
set forth in commitment letters received in connection with the Merger; the impact of our previous acquisitions of Clarity and DC74 on our operations; rapid
development and intense competition with resulting pricing pressure in the telecommunications and high speed data transport industry; our ability to grow our
data business on an organic or inorganic basis in order to offset expected revenue declines in legacy voice and access products; our ability to obtain new carrier
contracts or expand services under existing carrier contracts at competitive pricing levels to offset churn and achieve revenue growth from our carrier businesses;
our ability to separate our legacy business on a timely basis; our ability to effectively allocate capital and timely implement network expansion plans necessary to
accommodate organic growth initiatives; our ability to complete customer installations in a timely manner; adverse economic conditions; operating and financial
restrictions imposed by our senior credit facility and our unsecured debt obligations; our cash and capital requirements; our ability to maintain and enhance our
network; the potential to experience a high rate of customer turnover; federal and state regulatory fees, requirements and developments; our reliance on certain
suppliers and vendors; and other unforeseen difficulties that may occur. These risks and uncertainties are not intended to represent a complete list of all risks and
uncertainties inherent in our business, and should be read in conjunction with the more detailed cautionary statements and risk factors included in our SEC filings,
including our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2017 and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.
178
Advanced Fiber Network Driving Value for Our Customers

179 179
Lumos at a Glance
10,983 Fiber Route Miles throughout Mid-Atlantic Region Key Attributes
▪ 120 Year old company originating as an Rural ILEC
within Virginia

▪ Transformation into Fiber Company within seven (7)


Mid-Atlantic states

▪ Serving Carrier, Enterprise, SMB, and Consumer


channels
• MEF 2.0 certification on Ethernet products
o Currently serving up to 100G circuits
• Voice (TDM, SIP, & Hosted)
• Performing GPON Broadband deployment since 2006
o Over 20,000 FTTP passed
o 9,415 FTTP GPON connections  ~18% YOY

▪ EOY 2016  $207 Million in Revenue; $95 Million


EBITDA

All data as of 6/30/2017 ▪ Announced Acquisition by EQT Infrastructure


180
Lumos
The Transformation in Numbers – Ethernet & Broadband Fiber Centric
Enterprise & Carrier

4Q11 2Q17 Chg%


Fiber Route Miles 5,800 10,983 +89%
Total On-Net Locations ~1,200 3,478 ~+190%
Lit Buildings 1,051 2,171 +106%
Unique FTTC Towers 148 1,307 +783%

_____________________________________________________________________
SMB

NGPON sweet spot?

Video Subscribers - IPTV 3,734 5,601 +50%


GPON FTTP Broadband Subs (Dec ‘13) 5,805 9,415 +62%
Consumer

Growing adoption of Broadband Subs >25M


Migration to Gigabit speeds

CLEC Voice Connections 61,186


RLEC Voice Connections 22,071

1st to market with innovative broadband & data applications within areas served
181
3 EB

Exponential Growth in Bandwidth Demand within Industry 2 EB

1 EB

Bandwidth Demand Drivers 0 EB U.S. Mobile IP Traffic


2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
▪ Total U.S. IP traffic will grow at a compound annual rate of 19% between 2015 and
4.0 EB Web & Data Video File Sharing
2020 5 EB
▪ In 2020, U.S. Consumer – IP traffic will be 2 times what it was in 2015

Exabytes (“EB”) per Month


3.0 EB
4 EB
▪ Proliferation of network-connected devices and locations
2.0 EB
3 EB
▪ Rapid growth in rich media applications
▪ IP video traffic will grow 3-fold from 2015 to 2020, a compound annual 2 EB 1.0 EB

growth rate of 21%  OTT


1 EB 0.0 EB
▪ Commercialization of 5G around 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
0 EB
▪ Small Cell Densification 2012 2013 U.S.2014
Business
2015IP Traffic
2016 2017

▪ C-RAN Web & Data Video File Sharing


8.0 EB
▪ Cloud adoption, increased outsourcing of IT infrastructure
▪ SDN/NFV permeation

Exabytes (“EB”) per Month


6.0 EB

▪ Private Networks growth


4.0 EB
▪ White Boxes increasing
▪ Delivery access will be more customer agnostic given emerging 2.0 EB

technologies
0.0 EB
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index and Barclays research
182
NGPON2 Product Evolution Sweet-spot

• Strong broadband development and growing data consumption even in rural markets

• NGPON2 capabilities seemingly provides functionality for varying applications

• G.FAST has a space for leveraging copper, prefer Fiber Infrastructure!

Image Source: Nokia

Image Source: Nokia 183


NGPON2 attractiveness for Lumos
Key Considerations
1. Middle tier portfolio product solution
o Service Reliability
o SLA components

2. Reasonable Price points for deployment


o XGS Fixed Optics initially
o Future Multi-wavelength Optics

3. Scalability
o Throughput Capacity
o Same Line Card (Supports XGS/NGPON)

184
NGPON Next Steps for Lumos

Image Source: Calix Fiber Connect 2017

▪ Evaluation of vendors
▪ Market friendly First Market Applications
▪ Assess expansion opportunities

185
Integration and applications update

CenturyLink
10G PON Implementation

Curt Frankenfeld
Director Access Technology
Strategy and Development
CenturyLink

186
Architecture: Proof of Concept Structure
TOR Switch Co-existence module places at
nX10G
Fiber SAI to combine 10G PON Existing GPON Service Area
and GPON. Multiple NGPON2 Fiber cross-

vOLT
wavelengths tested. connect and splitter
cabinet

nX10G

Metro
Edge

• Friendly customers provisioned on XGS PON/NGPON2 in parallel to existing GPON


• 1:2 splitter placed at customer home: feeds existing GPON and 10G PON ONTs in home –
RT GPON Calix E7-2 OLT concurrent services
shown; others possible

Demonstrate vOLT concept by providing 10G PON (XGS PON/NGPON2) service to friendly customers
• Co-exist with an current RT-based GPON service area
• Demonstrate XGX PON and multiple NGPON2 wavelengths, co-existence, and agility
• Demonstrate >1G HSI, video, and VoIP
Some Anticipated Deployment Use Cases
TOR Switch TOR Switch TOR Switch
10G PON OLT

10G PON OLT

10G PON OLT


-1- -2- -3- -4- -5- -6- -7- -8- -9- -10- -A- -B- -11- -12- -13- -14- -15- -16- -17- -18- -19- -20- -1- -2- -3- -4- -5- -6- -7- -8- -9- -10- -A- -B- -11- -12- -13- -14- -15- -16- -17- -18- -19- -20-

GPON OLT

GPON OLT
-1- -2- -3- -4- -5- -6- -7- -8- -9- -10- -A- -B- -11- -12- -13- -14- -15- -16- -17- -18- -19- -20- -1- -2- -3- -4- -5- -6- -7- -8- -9- -10- -A- -B- -11- -12- -13- -14- -15- -16- -17- -18- -19- -20-

CR CR
MJ MJ
MIN MIN

MGT -4 MGT -1 MGT -4 MGT -1


A CO A CO

Coexistence

Coexistence

Coexist with GPON Parallel with GPON 10G PON only


• Conserve feeder fiber • Uses additional feeder fiber • Conserve feeder fiber
• OLTs have access to same fiber • OLTs can be in different locations • Ultimate goal – cost of tunable laser
• 1 10G PON port for each splitter to (e.g., CO 10G PON and RT GPON) is the key
be upgraded • 1 10G PON port enables service • Transition to all 10G PON new builds
area • (Future) passive filters to feed
separate splitters
vOLT Reference System Approaches

POC Reference Potential vOLTha Reverence

Manual Portals Master/Domain Orchestration


Current MER /
BNG CEC CEC

Vendor EMS
vBNG
Data
Data Plane Plane
Vendor SDN
Controller SDN Controller

Control Plane
CEC Fabric CEC Fabric

CalixToR
Adtran ToR
MER/Aggregation

Control Data Control


Data
Plane Plane Plane
Plane

Port Control

Port Control

Calix vOLT vOLT


Adtran vOLT
Shelf Shelf (WB or
Vendor)
Integration and applications update
NGPON2 as a new way of looking at
the access
In this presentation we review why Verizon is
working with its vendors on NGPON2 as a solution
to many problems in the access space as well as
Vincent O'Byrne new opportunities. Verizon believes that NGPON2
Director- Technology Group represents a paradigm shift within the access
Verizon space.

190
FiOS
• Deployed BPON (2004) and GPON (2008)
• Services include POTS, Data and Video (QAM), Business Ethernet
• Symmetrical Speeds 750mbps -1 Gbps, “GigaBit Connection”
• Strategy:
• Fiber all the way to the Home/Living Unit
• Small percentage of MTUs use VDSL1/2 but these are being replaced with SFUs … slowly
• Use PON for both Residential and Business (Ethernet) Services

Boston MA
• $300m, 5-6 year Plan, FiOS and FTTP to cell sites and businesses
• 160+ miles of New Fiber Deployment to date
• FiOS available since December, 25000 Homes passed by end of 2016
• Deploying Fiber Ones for Business, Residential and Wireless (OneFiber)
• Investigating improvements in ODN architectures (e.g. Distributed Split)

Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
191
OneNetwork Architecture Vision and Scope
Objective?
Drive a lower cost infrastructure through Next Generation technologies and
network topology simplification
Create service differentiation through fast delivery of usage-based services
How?
Leverage Next Gen Technologies
Design a simplified and common network architecture across Verizon
Deliver unified domains between Access, Transport, Edge, and Core
Create OSS/SDN/NFV foundation to support more dynamic and application-based
services enabling network automation with end-to-end network management
capabilities

Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
192
Bandwidth Growth

NGPON2

10G

GPON

BPON

• Traffic continues to increase 40-50% per year


• OTT Video, IOT, IPTV increasing over time

Customer Traffic Continues to increase, suggesting > 10Gbps circa 2020


Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
193
Unified Platform for Business and Residential Services

1 New Electronics in CO
Customers could get a wavelength or a portion (similar
2 to FiOS)

TWDM OLT

λ4 New Combiner in CO

NG-PON2 λ3 NGPON 2 (10G/10G)


WDM CO
TWDM
λ2
No Change in OSP
λ1
NGPON 2 (10G/10G)

Office Park

Splitter 1x32 Drop


WDM

GPON
Today
RF video
1x32 3 New NG ONT

GPON +RF Cell Site

NGPON 2 (10G/10G)
NGPON (10G/10G)

Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
194
Drivers based on Lessons Learned
• Partnerships are key to Deploying a New Technology
• In the following Slides we look at: Operational issues
• Drivers
• Actions
• What the Network Impact was
• Lessons Learned
• How These Lessons Learned are being applied to choices moving forward

Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
195
Drivers Actions Network Impact Lessons Learned

Still in Network 13 years later but at


EOL and not supporting some
Bandwidth Demands increase and Deploy BPON in 2004 services.
What you deploy stays in the
need to deploy FTTP Network for many years.
Throughput has increased by a
factor of 30-200 times since initial
Need to think long term and have
deployment.
technology support long term need.
Platform started to have issues once
Tier offering increased to 75mbps

Supply Continuity, Second Source Deploy Additional


Vendor Separate OSP (Fibers, Splitters)
Need to support multiple vendors
on Same Fiber
Overlay when one vendor goes EOL

Need Vendor Interoperability


Harder to justify specialty ONTs as
volume/vendor is halved resulting in
longer Time to Market

Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
196
Drivers Actions Network Impact Lessons Learned

Need Technology that can grow


Bandwidth Demand Continues to without driving more OSP resources
Deploy GPON(2008) Separate OSP (Fibers, Splitters)
Increase (Augmented Spectrum Rather than
40-50% each year new fiber)

Takes 3-5 years to completely Technology takes time to deploy…..


overlay for higher speeds "Aim for where the Puck is going to
be“
PAYG is important
Larger Investment in IFC (GPON
Overlay) and time in new Platforms
(IFC) across footprint before we can Need ability to offer increased BW
offer > 75mbps offerings Quicker and more Cost
effective (Success Based)

As Rates Increase to 1Gbps Industry


consider reducing Split (1x64 -> Need to be able to add capacity to
1x32 or less) to ensure allowable PON, in similar fashion as
level of PON Congestion Northbound Interface
Competition is ongoing and heading
to 10Gbps (DOCSIS 3.1/+, 10GEPON)
Need a Technology capable Need to have a technology that
and beyond
of offering >1 Gbps supports a path > 10Gbps…
Symmetrical
Competition already offering 2Gbps … smoothly

Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
197
Drivers Actions Network Impact Lessons Learned

Need Cost effective Business Use GPON for Business Need to support Business and
Platform Platform. Residential on the same fiber/PON
to drive down cost

However, Different "Safe Times" for


Business and Residential Techs

Need Ability to resolve Residential


Concerns of "fixing" Residential issues and Business issues by
issues when Business customers are Segmenting customers onto
on the PON (e.g. PON Resets) different PON cards/wavelengths

Concerns with Software Upgrades


causing issues with Business ONTS
drive separate OLTs.

Maintain Business and Residential on


different OLTS/PONS increases costs
Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
198
10G NG-PON2
{XGS-PON, 10GEPON) (PAYG-> Multiple Wavelength,
Lesson Learned
(Single Wavelength) Tunable Wavelengths)

Need to think “Where the Puck is


going to be” Interim
10-15 years
2-3 years
Platform for 10-15 years

Need to add new PAYG up to 40G/40G,


Ability to add capacity “Gracefully” or higher
Technology

Different l, class 2/3 Switching time for


Residential and Business Customers Business
on the same PON to lower costs Need Separate OLT/PON Cards-
Fibers (class 3 for Residential Service)

~10G initially (lower distances),


Ability to evolve to higher speeds Bonded, up to N x l
beyond (10G) Capped at ~8.5Gbps

Interop Doable Presently Doing Interop (Verizon


Need Vendor Interop
OpenOMCI Specification)

Multi- Vendor on the same Fiber Unless different Technology


Different Wavelength

Need to be Competitive Similar or less than Competition Ability to Grow to 40G/40G+


and where they are going
Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
199
XGS-PON NG-PON2
Total Cost of Ownership (Single Wavelength) (Multiple Wavelength, Tunibility)

Optics Costs

Other NGPON2 Benefits to include


in the analysis

1x32-1x64 (?) 128 (N2 Optics)


Increased Splitting
Limited by upstream at 0.35dB/km Limited by downstream at 0.23dB/km
Longer Reach

Business and Residential on the same Saves Fibers and Splitters


Fiber (inc. increased Reliability)
Option to not upgrade in a few
Upgrading Once/Longevity years

> 10Gbps is success based, rather that


Smooth Evolution Path
high fixed costs

Competitive with DOCSIS 3.1,


Competitive Advantage
Symmetric, DOCSIS evolution
Quiet Window only on 1st
Support of Lower Latency services Wavelength reducing latency to <
30us on additional wavelength(s)
Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
200
Verizon Access Evolution 2017/2018
2017
40G NG-PON2
Up to
Skip 10 Gbps/Sub
20G
XG-PON • Trialed in 10/2.5 2015 by Verizon
XGS-PON • Enabled by Novel Tunable Lasers
10G • Option for Smoother path to higher
Up to
2008 8.5 G speeds (40G/40G)

1G GPON
Deployed for
2004 < 1 Gbps
50M BPON
Limited to
< 100 Mbps

100M 2.5G 10G 20G 40G


Downstream
Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
201
Access Strategy
Present

ONT BPON/GPON OLT

Residential
GWR ROADM

ONT GPON OLT


Incorporating Subs Mgmt (BNG) –Simplifying the Network
Business

• OneNetwork with NGPON2

ONT NGPON2 OLT


Customer L1 L0 Next Gen
Premises
L2 Metro
OLT Transport
ONT NGPON2
Residential and Business
ONT
Access Aggregation

Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
202
What's Still needed and Concluding Remarks
• Optics Ecosystem still needs more options to help drive costs lower (more
vendors, N2 Optics for increased Split, higher throughput)

Bandwidth
Multi-Wavelength Tunibility

Green (CO)
Operational Benefits
Load Balancing
Protection
PAYG Business/Residential on the
Smooth Evolution same fiber/PON/Wavelength
Lower Latency
Simpler OSP

• Helps Verizon Stay ahead of its customer's Business and Residential needs
• Working to Trial and deploy in 2017/2018, business first
Confidential and proprietary materials for authorized Verizon personnel and outside agencies only. Use, disclosure or
distribution of this material is not permitted to any unauthorized persons or third parties except by written agreement.
203
Thank you!
See you again at the next BASE
Athens, Greece March 2018!

Please contact
rheier@broadband-forum.org
204