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Department of Defense (DoD) Fiscal

Year (FY) 2017 Annual Report on


Sexual Assault in the Military
Top Line Results

• Reporting and Prevalence Trends


– Sexual assault reports received in FY17 reflect a 10 percent increase
– Restricted Reports converted at a higher rate in FY17 than in previous years
– Sexual assault prevalence to be updated with 2018 Workplace and Gender
Relations Survey
• Accountability
– Commanders had sufficient evidence to take disciplinary action in 62 percent of
accused Service member cases
– Evidence supported taking action on 54 percent of sexual assault allegations
with the court-martial process
• Focus Group Feedback
– Themes identified importance of leadership’s visible role in the SAPR program
and a decade of change in military culture
– Challenges remain with understanding sexual harassment and promoting
respectful on-line behavior

DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office 2


FY17 Reports of Sexual Assault

10% of FY17
reports were for 24% of Restricted
Reports up nearly
incidents occurring Reports converted
10% over FY16
prior to military to Unrestricted
service

8000
Reports of Sexual Assault, FY07 to FY17

7000 6769 DoD Total


6172
6131 6083 Reports
Number of Reports

6000 5518
5110
5000
DoD
3604 4660 4584 Unrestricted
4000 3472 4591
3327 3393 4225 Reports
3109
2846
3000
2758 2579 2788 DoD
2000 2243 2466 2640 1499 1581 1659
1471 Reports
1293
816 Remaining
1000 603 643 714 748 753
Restricted

0
FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
Fiscal Year

The Department of Defense seeks to increase reporting of sexual assault to connect Service
members with restorative care and to hold offenders appropriately accountable.
DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office 3
FY17 Reports Compared to Prevalence History

DoD Estimated Number


40000 of Service
Women: 6.8% Members-
Men: 1.8% Unwanted Sexual
35000 ~34,200 Women: 6.1% Contact Measure
Men: 1.2%
Number of Service Members

~26,000
30000 Estimated Number
of Service
Women: 4.4% Women: 4.9% Members- Sexual
Men: 0.9% Men: 0.9% Assault Measure
25000
~19,300 ~20,300
5,277 Service Members
20000 Women: 4.3%
Men: 0.6%
Service Member 4,193 Women (+13%)
Victims in Reports
~14,900 of Sexual Assault 1,084 Men (No change)
15000 for Incidents that
Occurred in
Military Service
From FY16
10000 (~23%) (~32%)
(~11%)
(~13%) % Estimated
4744 4736 4794 5277
(~7%)
Percentage of
2532 2828 4113
5000 2289
2223 2340 2454 2639 Service Member
Victims
Accounted for in
0 Reports to DoD
CY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17

Year

The Department of Defense seeks to decrease the past-year prevalence of sexual assault
through prevention initiatives.
DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office 4
Top Line Results: Military Justice Dispositions
Of the 4,779 subject case dispositions reported in FY17*:
• 3,567 military subjects of sexual assault investigations could be considered for possible action by DoD
commanders
– DoD authorities had sufficient evidence to take some kind of disciplinary action against 62% (2,218 of 3,567) of
military subjects
• Of the 2,218 subjects with sufficient evidence to receive disciplinary action:
– 1,446 received action on a sexual assault charge – with 53% (774 of 1,446) having court-martial charges preferred
– 772 received action on some other form of misconduct (e.g., assault, false statement, adultery)
• Standardization of data in DSAID and updates in law and policy likely contributed to some of the recent
changes in data.

All Military Subject Case Dispositions Substantiated Sexual Assault Case Outcomes
DSAID
80% 76% DSAID

Percentage of Case Dispositions With Action for a


73% 72% 80%
62% Cases with Misconduct
65% 66%
71%
Percentage of Case Dispositions Considered

70% 64% (2,218) Substantiated (command 68%


60% action for sexual assault 70% 62%
64% 64%
Court-Martial
57%
60% and all other offenses for 59%
(774) Charges Preferred
which there was evidence) Sexual Assault Offense 60% 54% (Initiated)
52%
50%
for Possible Action

36% 50%
35% (1,270) Cases with Command
42%
40% 32% 33% 38%
30% 30% Action Precluded (e.g., 40% 36%
36%
Nonjudicial
30% 24% 25% evidence problems) 34% 32% Punishments
22% (378) (Article 15 UCMJ)
30% 25% 24% 26%
20% 14% 30% 30% 21% 21% 20%
18% 18%
2% 20%
10% 5% 3% 5% 23% 23% (294)
3% 2% 3% 2% (79) 20% Administrative
Cases with Command 20%
10% 14% 15% 15% 14% Actions and
Action Declined (e.g.,
0% 12% Discharges
unfounded by
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 0%
command/legal review of
N=1971 N=1925 N=1518 N=1714 N=2149 N=2625 N=2783 N=2892 N=3567 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
evidence)
Fiscal Year N=600 N=832 N=983 N=1025 N=791 N=880 N=1187 N=1550 N=1437 N=1331 N=1446
Fiscal Year

DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office *Source: Defense Sexual Assault Incident Database 5
2017 Active Duty Focus Group Findings

LEADERSHIP
• Leads by example
• Places greater
emphasis on SEXUAL
sexual assault in HARASSMENT
recent years • Confusion about
• Hesitancy to behaviors involved
address these and how to report
issues among • Inappropriate
MILITARY
some male senior behaviors now
ENVIRONMENT
taken more
leaders • Encourages
seriously
reporting of
sexual assault
• Needs attention to
address training
fatigue, gaps in
knowledge, and
November 2017 cynicism
-54 Focus Groups
-384 Service members
(CONUS & OCONUS)

DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office 6


2016 – 2017 Military Investigation and Justice
Experience Survey Results

SAPR Program, Military Justice, and Command Resources:


Respondent Use and Satisfaction

Military
criminal
investigator
The majority of the
100%
371 eligible
90% SARC respondents used
UVA/VA
80% these resources and,
of those who used
Resource Use

70% Unit SVC/VLC

60%
commander them, the majority
Military were satisfied
50% trial
Immediate Senior
supervisor enlisted counsel
40%
advisor
30%

20% Victim
Witness
10% Assistance
0%
Provider
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

Resource Satisfaction
N = 371 military members with a closed case.
Data are not generalizable to military population. Of those who used resource
DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office 7
FY17 Program Efforts

• Preventing Sexual Assault


– Concluded the first phase of the Installation Prevention Project
– Continued development of the Prevention Plan of Action
• Providing a Quality Response
– Released the DoD Plan to Prevent and Respond to the Sexual Assault of
Military Men
– Initiated the Men’s SAPR Plan Working Group to carry out plan objectives
– Expanded outreach and services through the Safe Helpline and Safe
HelpRoom
• Combatting Retaliation
– Published the DoD Retaliation Prevention and Response Strategy (RPRS)
Implementation Plan
– Streamlined and standardized definitions across the full spectrum of
retaliatory behavior, included in DoD RPRS Implementation Plan

DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office 8


Way Forward for FY18

• Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members


– Update estimates of past-year sexual assault and sexual harassment
• Planned FY18 Actions
– Focus prevention efforts through continued development of the Prevention
Plan of Action
– Further enhance the support for Service men experiencing sexual assault
– Continue efforts to reduce and prevent retaliatory behavior associated with
reporting
– Support the Office of Force Resiliency’s (OFR) efforts to integrate violence
prevention approaches

DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office 9


SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
1000 DEFENSE PENTAGON
WASHINGTON , DC 20301-1000

MEMORANDUM FOR ALL MEMBERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

SUBJECT: Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention

Those entrusted by our Nation with the lives of our troops and with carrying out violence
must demonstrate self and unit discipline in all aspects of our performance. This requires us to
do what is right at all times, regardless of the circumstances or whether anyone is watching. We
are warfighters, defenders of our Nation, and exemplars of our Nation's values. Unit cohesion is
what holds us together under stress and keeps us combat effective when the chips are down.
Admired leadership builds the trust of all hands, trust being the coin of the realm and our
bedrock in building a cohesive team, one free of denigrating behavior.

In this regard, I am highlighting our Department's commitment to assertively prevent and


swiftly and appropriately respond to any sexual assault in our ranks. I expect every member of
the Department to use their initiative and courage to model ethical and legal behavior in the
workplace, at home, and online. My objective is that we communjcate and behave in a way that
reflects positively on America's military and builds trust daily in our chain of command, and I
am directing a re-doubled effort from our most senior to most junior on insisting on an assault­
free military.

Preventing sexual assault is our moral duty. By its nature, sexual assault is one of the
most destructive factors in building a mission-focused military. Self-discipline, alert Non­
Commissioned Officers (NCOs), and attuned chains of command are essential if we are to set
standards that strengthen our military readiness to fight well and increase our ability to recruit
and retain the finest all-volunteer force this world has ever known. Leaders in the Department
also have a special obligation, an in loco parentis responsibility, for our young members that
buttresses unit cohesion and combat effectiveness.

Due to the age at which nearly all recruits enter the military, NCOs and officers must
carry this special responsibility for the care of our troops. While casualties on the battlefield are
understood to be consistent with our military duties, I accept no casualties due to sexual assault
within our ranks. Military leaders are to be zealous in carrying out in loco parentis
responsibilities and ridding our ranks of such illegal, abhorrent behavior.

I know that the overwhelming majority of our military and civilian personnel represent
the highest standards of decorum and maturity. However, I expect disciplined behavior from all
hands without exception. I charge all officers, NCOs, and supervisors to use their authority and
force of personality to prevent and eliminate sexual assault from our ranks.

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