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Engineering

CIV2226

Design of Concrete & Masonry


Structures

Dr. Ye Lu
Lecture #7-2 (week 7)
Today’s Lecture
Strength design of columns-Part 2 (Chapter 5)
Section capacity line for a rectangular tied column
(strength interaction diagram or failure envelope)
Ultimate axial compression capacity (Y axis): N, Ultimate moment capacity (X axis): M

M=N·e, e: eccentricity
Each point in the line represents a combination of bending moment and axial compression
load which the column can carry simultaneously.

Point A (squash load): Only axial load,


no bending, e= ( 0 )
Point B (both N and M): Zero stress in
tension bars
Point C (balanced failure state):
Concrete crush (εcu) and steel yield
(εsy) achieved simultaneously
Point D (pure bending): No axial force
Section capacity line for a rectangular tied column
Determine the characteristic points A, B, C, D:

Strain distributions
, Capacity reduction factors

= 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8

AS3600 p.30
, Es=200 GPa , dsc=dst=62 mm

Point A: Pure axial compression


Ultimate squash load Nu0

u
1 dst dsc

Point B: Zero stress in tension bars


The neutral axis passes through tension bars
i.e., ku·d = d, or ku=1.0

2  sc
Find out the strain and stress of reinforcements in compression
Point C: Balanced failure condition
dst dst ddsc
sc
Concrete crush and steel yield achieved simultaneously
  st  f sy
Nub
Find out the strain and stress of reinforcements in compression
Find out the position of NA
Mub=Nub × e

Point D: Pure moment capacity


Mu0 (Nu = 0), bending capacity as an under-reinforced beam section
Option 1: consider as a doubly reinforced beam section
Find out the strain and stress of reinforcements in compression
Option 2: consider as a singly reinforced beam section
Ignore the contribution from Asc
Summary

• Pure tension: Nu0t (M = 0)

ᶲNuot
Interaction Diagram
Design Charts

P=(Asc+Ast)/Ag

g=(tensile to compressive reinforcement centre) / (overall depth D)


Design Charts

P=(Asc+Ast)/Ag

g=(tensile to compressive reinforcement centre) / (overall depth D)


Design Charts

P=(Asc+Ast)/Ag

Ag: gross area of circular column


Design Charts

P=(Asc+Ast)/Ag

Ag: gross area of circular column


Type of Confinement - Tied and Spiral

Spiral
Tied
Design Example: Rectangular Tied Column
300 mm

• Select column dimensions b = 300mm, D=500mm


• Eccentricity calculation 500 mm
X

AS3600 10.1.2

• Values in x and y axes of design chart

gD=D-2×50
4Y16

• Check Chart 6.7 of the Concrete Design Handbook

AS3600 10.7.1

4Y16

Ties R10: Spacing= min(15db, Dc)


Dc: smaller column cross-section
dimension (300 mm in this example)
db: diameter of steel (16 mm in this
example)
(AS3600 10.7.4)
Take spacing 15×16=240 mm
Design Example: Circular Spiral Column
D = 400 mm

P=(Asc+Ast)/Ag
Design example: Circular Spiral Column

• Select column diameter D = 400 mm


• Eccentricity calculation

=188mm e ( > ) emin


• Values in x and y axes of design chart
2

gD=D-2×60
Quiz 2
Thursday 18 September 2014
Multiple Choice Open Book 15 minutes time limit
Open on Moodle from 8 AM to 11 PM

RC Structure Design
• Loads and Load Path
• Beam Design
• Serviceability Design
• Flexural Design
• Shear Design
• Slab Design
• Column Design