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TREMCO SEALANT SOLUTIONS

STRUCTURAL SILICONE GLAZING MANUAL

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STRUCTURAL
SILICONE GLAZING

INDEX
Page Page

Structural Silicone Glazing Inside TWO PART SILICONE SEALANT


- An Introduction Cover - TREMCO PROGLAZE II
Types of Structurally Glazed Wall Systems 1 Quality Assurance Program 13
Test #1 - Butterfly Test 14
Structural Silicone Glazing Criteria 2 Test #2 - Snap Time Test 15
Structural Silicone GlazingTesting 3 Test #3 - Colour Check 16
Test #4 - Adhesion Test 16
PROCEDURES FOR ONE-PART AND
Test #5 - Flow-Rate Test 17
TWO-PART SILICONE SEALANT
Test #6 - Shore A Test 17
Introduction 4
Two Component Quality Check-Log Book 18
Guide for Workmanship 6
On Ratio Verification Techniques 19
Guide for Sealant Application 7
Recommended methods for confirming
A. Cleaning 7
on-ratio dispensing of Proglaze II 19
B. Priming 7
C. Masking 8 Structural Glazing Project Initiation Form 20
D. Sealant Application 8
Guide for Field Adhesion Check 8 Calculations 21
A. The Tab Adhesion Test Method 8 Appendix A: Conversion Table - Wind
B. The Hand Pull Adhesion Test Method 9 Pressure and Speed 23
Guide for Reglazing 10 Appendix B: Technical Services Evaluation
A. Glass failures 10 Request Form 24
B. Sealant failures 10 Project References 26
ONE PART SILICONE SEALANT
- TREMCO SPECTREM 2
Quality Assurance Programme 10
Test #1- Tack-Free Time 11
Test #2- Through Cure 11
One Component Quality Check-Log Book 12

Front Cover Photographs


(From left to right):
Al Attar Tower II, Dubai, U.A.E.
Emirates Towers Hotel, Dubai, U.A.E.
Burj Al Arab, Dubai, U.A.E.

INTRODUCTION WHY STRUCTURALLY


Structural Silicone Glazing is a GLAZE?
system of bonding glass to a œ Aesthetics/design flexibility
building’s structural framing œ Improved thermal efficiency
members utilising a high strength, œ Reduces or eliminates water
high performance silicone sealant and air infiltration
specifically designed and tested œ Reduces the potential for
for Structural Glazing applications. thermal breakage of glass
Dynamic wind loads are œ Eliminates water ponding on
transferred from the glass, through slope-glazed applications
the structural silicone sealant, to the
perimeter structural framing.

Al Salemiya Tower, Dubai, U.A.E.


TYPES OF STRUCTURALLY GLAZED
WALL SYSTEMS
ALL GLASS SYSTEMS BUTT GLAZED

SPECTREM 2
Silicone Sealant SPECTREM 2
(Weather Bead) SPECTREM 2 Silicone Sealant
Silicone Sealant (Cap Bead)
(Weather Bead)

Compatible
Wedge Gasket

SPECTREM 2
Silicone Sealant CCN Sponge
(Weather Bead) With Dart

Setting Block

Utilises glass vision lites with glass mullions to A system where lites are conventionally glazed at the
provide a total see-through wall. head and sill and the vertical “Butt” joint is
unretained.

TWO SIDED FOUR SIDED

Silicone
Compatible TREMCO Structural
SPECTREM 2
SPECTREM 2 Back-up Spacer Glazing Tape Silicone
Silicone Sealant
Structural Silicone Compatible
(Cap Bead)
Sealant
(Tensile Bead) PROGLAZE II
Structural
SPECTREM 2
Silicone Silicone
Silicone
Compatible Sealant
Sealant
Wedge (Tensile Bead)
(Weather Bead)
Gasket
CCN Sponge
with Dart
Setting Block
Silicone Compatible
Setting Block

A Structurally Glazed System which is conventionally A Structurally Glazed System that utilises Structural
glazed at opposite sides but utilises Structural Silicone to bond glass to the perimeter framing on all
Silicone to bond glass to the perimeter framing on the sides.
remaining two sides.

1
CRITERIA & TESTING

STRUCTURAL SILICONE GLAZING


CRITERIA
STRUCTURAL GLASS SIZE SUBSTRATE
GLAZING œ Identify largest short lite FINISHES
PERFORMANCE dimension for each windload œ Alodine
area to properly calculate œ Paint
FACTORS Tensile Bead Surface Contact - Fluorocarbons
œ Design Windload (PSF) Depth - Siliconised Polyesters
œ Glass Size
- Siliconised Acrylics
œ Performance Criteria PERFORMANCE œ Anodic
œ Framing Design CRITERIA Mill finished aluminium is not an
œ Tensile Bead Sizing acceptable substrate for structural
œ Safety factor as required by
œ Substrate Finishes governing code body and silicone glazing applications.
œ Structural Silicone Sealant specification
Selection œ Laboratory and Field Tests STRUCTURAL
œ Substrate Preparation œ Design parameters SEALANT SELECTION
œ System Compatibility
œ Single or Plural Component?
FRAMING DESIGN œ Medium or High Modulus?
DESIGN WINDLOAD œ Vertical or Sloped? œ Colour Requirements?
œ As specified by project œ Low, Mid or High-rise? œ System Compatibility?
specifications
œ Butt, Two or Four-sided?
NOTE: High-load areas such as
building corners and upper
œ Shop or Field Glazed? SUBSTRATE
elevations. PREPARATION
œ Cleaning
œ Priming Requirements

COMPARISON OF BEAD DESIGN

Single Bead Dual Bead

“L” Shaped Bead

2
STRUCTURAL SILICONE GLAZING
TESTING
SYSTEM STRUCTURAL A.Shop Drawing Review
COMPATIBILITY SILICONE SPACERS, œ Verification of sealant contact
œ Glazing Components BLOCKS AND depth
œ Proper use of glazing materials
œ Glass GASKETS
œ Framing System œ Confirmation of glass type and
TYPE I: size
Utilise ASTM C-1087 and sealant Specified where adhesion of the
manufacturers proprietary test œ Confirmation of metal finish
sealant to the accessory is not
methods to establish compatibility œ Sealant selection
required.
TYPE II:
COMPATIBILITY Specified where adhesion of the B. Specification Review
œ Colour change of the structural sealant to the accessory is œ Design windloads
silicone sealant as a result of desired. œ Testing requirements
exposure to a glazing - ASTM C-794
component. STRUCTURAL - Heitmann Testing
œ Adhesion of the structural - Others
SILICONE SEALANT
silicone sealant to the glass test œ Performance requirements
substrate and the glazing
MANUFACTURING
accessories. SERVICES C. Adhesion Testing
œ Change in the strength of the A. Shop Drawing Review œ All substrates
structural silicone sealant as a B. Specification Review œ Solvent recommendation
result of exposure to a glazing C. Adhesion Testing œ Priming Requirements
component. D. Compatibility Testing
E. Start-Up D. Compatibility Testing
F. Site Inspections œ All Glazing Components
œ ASTM C-1087
œ Proprietary Test Methods

SADCO, Beirut, Lebanon


3
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


W E A R E Y O U R PA R T N E R S I N
PERFORMANCE
Whether your project is in the œ Assistance in preparation of œ Ongoing post application
planning stages of construction or written specifications, tailored inspections of the completed
requires repair and maintenance, to the needs and requirements installations
your TREMCO Technical of your project Your TREMCO Representative
Representative can provide: œ Pre-installation inspection provides total co-ordination from
œ Complete analysis of œ On-site contractor instruction the drawing board through job
requirements œ Periodic inspection of work in completion on new work and
œ Analytical inspections and progress to ensure compliance remedial projects.
classifications of problem areas to specifications

INTRODUCTION This information is gathered by B. Review of the


TREMCO, as a recognized completing the ’Structural Glazing structural glazing
supplier of structural silicone Project Initiation Form’. It is part of details to identify:
sealant and compatible glazing the ‘TREMCO Structural Glazing
1. Proper use of TREMCO glazing
materials, understands the high Procedures’ programme to be
materials including sealant,
performance requirements and followed by each contractor for
gaskets and setting blocks.
potential liabilities inherent to each project.
2. Proper tensile bead location.
structurally glazed walls. For these Structural beads are normally
reasons, TREMCO offers a A. General information
located on the interior face of
multitude of preconstruction on the project such
the lite or panel (#2 or #4
project reviews and testing as: surface) with bonding to a
programs to ensure product 1. Project title, size and location structurally sound substrate
performance characteristics and 2. Architect and Consultant such as a horizontal or vertical
glazing integrity. This program, involved in the project aluminium mullion with a
founded in industry practice and 3. Fabricator specified architectural finish.
specifications, is offered to 4. Glazing and caulking 3. Confirmation of glass types
our client at no additional charge subcontractors (reflective, opacifier, etc.) and
and demonstrates TREMCO’s 5. Glazing start and completion supplier, identification and
commitment to quality and date description of coatings, type of
attainment of the highest glass (Monolithic, I.G. unit,
standards. laminated, etc.) with their
Each structurally glazed project in respective sizes.
which TREMCO is involved is
reviewed and tested in
accordance with the parameters of
this in-house program.
Pertinent recommendations and
results are shared with the
customer with the assistance of
TREMCO Sales and Technical
Services Representatives. Each
member of this team has a keen
sense of commitment to the
success of each project.
The following description is an
overview of the minimum
information required by TREMCO
prior to the beginning of each
structural glazing project.

Olaya Commercial Centre, Olaya, Dubai, U.A.E.


4
4. Confirmation of coating/
anodizing company,
identification of coating (type,
name, code and batch
number) and location of metal
and substrate finishes. Mill
finished substrates are
typically not acceptable for
structural glazing applications.
5. Verification of proper sealant
selection and usage.

C. Project specification
review to identify:
1. Specific wind load requirement
for the project (positive and
negative wind load).
2. Proper tensile bead sizing: the
sealant bite or sealant contact
depth (SCD) is calculated from
the design wind load and
glass dimensions. Based on
these calculations TREMCO
recommends a minimum
tensile bead sIze of 6mm x
6mm. Tensile beads (sealant
bite) exceeding 19mm warrant
special consideration as
sealant curing characteristics
may be affected. Please
consult your TREMCO Sales
Representative for special
guidelines.
3. Identify the type of structural
glazing application (2 sided,
sloped), on site or in plant
application, vision and/or Emirates Towers Hotel, Sheikh Zayed Road, Dubai, U.A.E.
spandrel application.
Spectrem 2 is recommended
for 2 sided structural only.
where the adhesion test will be be run according to TREMCO
4. Testing designated and required
performed must be clearly Modified ASTM C-1087.
beyond that typically done.
indicated! The test will determine color
5. Information and/or
Adhesion testing is performed as change or adhesion loss as a
performance requirements
per TREMCO/ASTM Test Method. result of sealant contact or
specific to a project.
Result on adhesion for Spectrem 2 proximity of incompatible
will be available after 28 days materials. Substrates to be
D. Substrate upon receipt of the substrate at tested include, but may not be
requirement for TREMCO Technical Services limited to: setting blocks,
adhesion testing : laboratory . structural spacer (tapes or
This is to determine proper gaskets), compression gaskets,
cleaning techniques and E. Identification of insulating glass edge seals, glass
determine priming requirements. substrate in contact laminates, backer rod, weather
Substrates typically tested include with the silicone seal, thermal break, etc.
aluminum framing and glass or structural glazing
other glazing panels. Substrates
sealant.
should be submitted to TREMCO
We want to verify that all the
Technical Services Department
elements installed within the
and be representative of those to
glazing pocket are compatible
be used on the actual project
when in contact with the silicone
(production run sample). TREMCO
sealant (tensile bead) and will not
requests a minimum of 1239
affect its in-place performance. If
square cm of substrate for each
required, compatibility testing can
sealant to be tested. The surface
5
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


F. Other tests as edge clearances between glass carefully (such as an “L” bead)
required by the and sash, as outlined by the H. A full -sized detail of the
project specifications glass manufacturer, and sealant structural glazing pocket
or as requested by contact depth (sealant bite) as showing the metal systems
recommended by TREMCO for must be submitted for
consultants,
this specific project. approval prior to the beginning
engineers and
D. Setting blocks shall be used to of the project. Placement of
contractors.
support the glass/I.G. unit in materials must be shown on
Upon completion of the drawing structural glazing applications. the details. If framing from the
and specification review, adhesion The use of setting blocks will fabricator differs from the
and compatibility testing, a formal prevent the addition of stress submitted details, the principal
report is issued which detail applied on the structural parties must resolve
recommendations and test results tensile bead due to the dead differences before proceeding
specific to the success of the load of the glass/I.G.unit. further with the project.
individual project. These results
E. Locate setting blocks on the I. All materials shall be used in
and recommendations are
sill member as recommended accordance with TREMCO’s
intended to serve as a base of
by the glass manufacturer. printed instructions. A meeting
information which should be
Setting blocks shall be to review procedures, tests
confirmed on actual project
recessed in 2-sided structural required and sealant
applications at ongoing intervals
application glazing (with application should be held
as described in the following
mechanical jamb retention) to during bid stage and prior to
structural glazing procedures. This
allow for adequate sealant the beginning of the work on
ensures consistent performance
contact (weather seal) and the project.
quality and confirms laboratory
glass support. When using J. When using Spectrem 2
results.
insulating glass in a structural silicone sealant in a 2 sided
glazing application, the structural glazing application,
GUIDE FOR industry has generally temporary retainers will be
WORKMANSHIP accepted setting blocks required (field glazed only) to
A. All components (aluminum and recessed 50% of the thickness maintain the position of the
glass) receiving the structural of the outboard lite of glass. glass, in plane, until the
glazing silicone sealant shall The I.G. unit supplier in structural glazing sealant has
be thoroughly wiped with a conjunction with the sealant reached its full cure (after 14
clean cloth dampened with a supplier shall confirm the type to 21 days), at which time the
recommended cleaner, as of setting blocks that are retainers can be removed and
approved by TREMCO and compatible and can be used in the resultant voids in the
immediately followed by a dry the structural glazing weather seal filled.
wipe (2 rag method). Use a application. K. Adhesion test must be
clean cloth for the dry wipe. F. Structural spacers used in this performed by the contractor at
Special precautions must be application must be the beginning and during the
taken in cold weather to compatible with the structural project application. A logbook
ensure the surfaces are free silicone sealant and positioned recording all tests verifications
from frost and/or on the frame to ensure correct must be kept by the contractor
condensation. sealant contact depth as as it will be used for his own
B. All surfaces once cleaned or recommended and specified control (refer to one and two
primed should be handled by TREMCO. The silicone part silicone sealant - Quality
carefully so as not to compatible spacers shall be of Assurance Program).
contaminate the surfaces. required hardness to maintain
C. All framing shall be checked a recommended uniform face
prior to glazing to make certain clearance for all glass sizes.
that the opening is square, G. The sealant cavity created by
plumb, and secure in order the installation of the structural
that uniform sealant bite, face spacer should be located
and edge clearances are parallel to the nozzle of the
maintained. Inspect all butt gun or cartridge allowing direct
and mitre joints. If these joints entry of the sealant into the
are open, they shall be sealed cavity. Non-paralleled or
prior to glazing with identical indirect access of the sealant
sealant. Maintain minimum to the cavity must be performed

6
GUIDE FOR SEALANT another clean cloth to wipe the developing white precipitates in
surface dry (2 rag method). the fluid within the container.
APPLICATION
Allowing the solvent to dry on Should either of these
It is essential that TREMCO the surface without wipingwith a conditions exist, the primer
Structural Glazing Sealant is second cloth negates the entire should be discarded. TREMCO
installed in accordance with cleaning procedure, because Primer N°10 is only supplied in
TREMCO’s recommendations and the contaminants are one-pint containers.
specific written instructions. redeposited as the solvent 3. Always pour Primer N°10 onto a
Proper surface preparation is dries. clean applicator. Never place
extremely important to the
6. When cleaning deep, narrow the applicator into the primer
longevity and performance of
joints, wrap the cleaning cloth container.
TREMCO structural silicone sealant.
around a clean, narrow-blade 4. Apply a thin film of Primer N°10
Samples (substrates) tested must
putty knife. This permits force using a clean cloth. Excessive
be production run
to be applied to the surface to application may result in a
samples and be representative of
be cleaned. white powdery deposit, which
the materials to be used on the
7. Clean only as much area as must be removed before
job site.
can be sealed in one (1) hour. sealant application. This white
If cleaned areas are exposed deposit can be removed with a
A. Cleaning
to rain or contaminants (dirt, clean cloth dampened with the
1. Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) or
dust, etc.), the surface must recommended cleaner.
Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) are the
be cleaned again. Reapply the primer once the
most commonly recommended
8. Keep solvent containers substrate is dry.
solvents for cleaning metal
closed when not in use. 5. Caution: Primers are not to be
and glass intended for
Temperature and humidity will substituted for good surface
structural glazing applications.
affect the evaporation rate of preparation. The substrate to
2. The purpose of these solvents
the applied solvent therefore receive the primer shall be
is to act as a “degreaser” to
affecting its cleaning power. thoroughly cleaned using the
remove the cutting oils and
9. CA UTION
UTION::
CAUTION recommended cleaner and
other contaminates used in the
a. Never use a paintbrush for dried prior to the installation of
fabrication of the framing
the cleaning procedure. It the primer.
system. Selected solvents
is not effective in removing 6. Allow the primer to dry for a
must be clean, fresh as
the contaminates off the minimum of 20 minutes before
approved by TREMCO
surface. The rubbing the sealant application.
Technical Services and must
action of the cloth is Protection of the primed area
comply with local occupational
critical and essential for from contaminants is essential
safety codes. When being
loosening up the to ensure proper adhesion. If
used indoors, such as a
contaminates from the the primed area cannot be
factory environment, proper
substrate. kept clean, the primer is to be
ventilation must be provided.
b. Some “cutting oils” used in removed and the area re-
3. Pour the approved solvent
the fabrication process primed.
onto a clean cloth. Do not
may not be soluble in MEK Do not prime ahead more than
place cleaning cloth into the
or IPA. This should be can be glazed per shift. If the
solvent solution container. This
verified before primed area cannot be
avoids solvent contamination,
commencing the project. covered with the sealant by
which can lead to sealant
the end of the day, it must be
adhesion problem. Vigorously
B. Priming removed with a clean cloth
rub the glass and metal
1. Primer when properly used, dampened with the
surfaces to remove the
will help assure a strong and recommended cleaner and the
contaminates. Continuously
consistent adhesion of the area re-primed.
rotate the cloth lifting off the
oils loosened by the solvent. silicone sealant to the 7. Please refer to the “Primer N°10
substrates to which it may be Data Sheet” for further
4. Cloths used for cleaning of all
difficult to bond. If a primer is information.
framing members should be
white lint-free and resistant to required, it will be confirmed
the recommended cleaner. during the adhesion test
Change the cloths frequently executed prior the beginning
as they become soiled during of the work.
the cleaning operation. White 2. Tremco offers Primer N°10 for
rags show soiling easily. most metal finishes. Primer
5. Do not allow the solvent to air N°10 is a non-film forming
dry during the cleaning primer, which is moisture
procedure. After the solvent sensitive. This sensitivity to
wipe, follow immediately with water or humidity manifests
itself by turning cloudy or
7
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


C. Masking 5. When gunning the silicone NOTES:
1. To provide a neat sight line, sealant into the cavity created All cleaners or primers to be used
masking tape is commonly used by the structural spacer on the structural glazing
to outline the joint to be sealed. between the glass and the application should be poured from
This reduces sealant smears, metal, a back pressure should the main container into small
which are often found be created such that the containers and poured from this
aesthetically unacceptable. silicone sealant swells up vessel on to the cleaning cloth to
2. When masking is required, the behind the nozzle tip above prevent contamination of dirt into
tape must be immediately the sight line, ensuring full the container. Should the cleaner
removed after the tooling has depth penetration of the or primer become contaminated
taken place and before the sealant. Air pockets or voids with dirt, discard without
cure of the sealant begins. along the edges are not hesitation. Pour off only sufficient
acceptable and should be cleaner or primer that will be used
D. Sealant Application reported to the job foreman for at one time. Users of solvents or
immediate repairs. primers should follow the
1. The structural silicone sealant
6. All sealant beads must be manufacturer safety
shall be installed as per
tooled immediately after recommendations.
Tremco’s specific job
installation recommendations. application, forcing the sealant
All surfaces must be properly into contact with the sides of GUIDE FOR FIELD
cleaned and/or primed before the joint. It will assure a full ADHESION CHECK
sealant application. and continuous contact of the
During the course of the sealant
sealant with both substrates
2. The surfaces to which the installation for this project, it is
and reduce / eliminate the risk
silicone sealant adheres good practice to verify its
of air entrapment within the
should be designed smooth: adhesion to the substrate. Two
tensile bead. Avoid “pulling”
f ree of nibs, serration, such methods are available.
the sealant out of the joint by
grooves and alike, so as not to
frequent cleaning of the tooling
impede the flow or adhesion of A. The “Tab” Adhesion
instrument. Dry tooling is the
the silicone sealant to the Test Method
recommended tooling method.
substrates on its entire surface When construction design permits,
Do not tool with soap or
contact depth. this method is performed at the
detergent solutions. Tooling
3. Compatible structural spacers time of the installation of the
time for Spectrem 2 is equal to
shall be installed to keep the sealant. Choose a location on the
the skin time value as
glass properly spaced as per framing assembly that allows
published in the data sheet.
the approved drawings. Refer accessibility and permits a tab
7. All non-specified surfaces
to the approved structural adhesion/ pull test to be applied at
having received silicone
glazing detail for the the same time the unit glazed is
sealant should be cleaned off
configuration of sealant and found. At the appropriate cure
before it cures. This is best
the placement of spacer. Face period (generally 14 to 2l days for
accomplished with an MEK or
clearance created by the Spectrem 2) a pull test on site
IPA soaked cloth. Failure to do
structural spacer should be a could be run to confirm surface
so as soon as possible can
minimum of 6mm wide to preparation and adhesion of the
lead to very costly removal
accommodate penetration of sealant.
methods later on.
the sealant to the full depth of This adhesion/ pull test is
the cavity. 8. Follow TREMCO’s
recommendations for curing performed as follows:
4. Prime surfaces as required by 1. The on-site “tab” sample is to
periods and transport time for
Tremco, taking care to protect be applied as per TREMCO’s
factory or field sealant
the surfaces that do not recommendation for this
applications. These
require primer. If primer is specific project including
recommendations can vary
installed accidentally on appropriate cleaners and
from job-to-job.
surfaces other than the one primers.
specified, it should be 9. Use structural silicone sealant,
which is within its stated shelf 2. After the cure period, take a
removed immediately with the
life. Verify the batch number of razor blade and under-cut one
help of a clean cloth
the silicone sealant for expiry end of the tab, exposing a
dampened with the
date upon its arrival. Store in a “flap” that can be grasped with
recommended cleaner.
dry environment at a fingers.
temperature between 15 -
27°C.

8
3. Pull this “flap” at approximately 7. During the course of a project, it
90° angle. Cohesive failure of a is recommended that a field
tab is the desired result. adhesion check be performed
This method takes advantage of at a minimum rate of one per
not disturbing the original every 50 lites glazed. Actual
structural sealant after its job site test applications are
installation and subsequent the best means for a glazier to
repairing of the sealant. be certain that proper sealant
adhesion and subsequent
B. The “ Hand Pull” performance will result from
Adhesion Test Method his work. This provides
The most popular method assurance that the sealant and
employed to verify the on-site established application
adhesion on the installed procedures are in compliance
structural sealant. This test is with TREMCO’s written
generally run after 14-21 days for instructions.
one-part silicone sealant such as
Spectrem 2. This hand pull test
procedure is performed as follows:
1. With a sharp knife, cut the
sealant horizontally from one
side of the joint to the other.
2. Make two vertical cuts
approximately 50mm long, at
the sides of the joint, meeting
the horizontal cut at the top of
these cuts. TENSILE BEAD
3. Grasp the loose piece of SILICONE SEALANT
sealant firmly between the
fingers and pull down at a 90°
angle or more, and try to pull 50mm
90 MIN
the uncut sealant out of the
joint.
4. If adhesion is proper, the
sealant should tear cohesively
within itself before releasing
from the substrate.
5. If sealant does not tear
cohesively, or if loss of
adhesion to either surface is
seen, contact your Tremco
Sales Representative.
6. Repair of Sealant in Adhesion
Test Area :
The adhesion test area may be
Hand Pull Adhesion Test
repaired by filling and tooling
the area with a recommended
sealant (assuming good
adhesion was obtained prior to
repair). Care should be taken
to assure that the new sealant
is in contact with the original,
and that the original sealant
surfaces are clean, so that a
good bond between the new
and old sealant wilI be
obtained. Check with
TREMCO for proper
techniques to repair areas.

9
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


GUIDE FOR 4. Mask the joint, install the new 4. Is the replacement sealant bead
silicone sealant, tool then (tensile bead) adequate for load
REGLAZING
remove the masking. requirements?
The design professional, when
5. Allow the replacement sealant 5. Are replacement spacers and
designing structural glazing
to cure as per Tremco’s setting blocks compatible?
systems, should address glass
recommendations, then 6. Is the replacement silicone the
replacement needs and
remove retainers sealing the same as original?
accessibility.
retainer voids with the silicone Resolving these and other
Glass replacement must allow for sealant. questions as they arise will lead to
proper glass support, bite, edge
NOTE: The replacement silicone successful replacement and
clearances and tensile bead
sealant shall be approved by continued service.
sealant dimensions. TREMCO
TREMCO prior to the beginning of
Technical Services must be
the work. ONE PART SILICONE
involved in this investigation and
subsequent replacement/ re- SEALANT - TREMCO
B. Sealant Failures
glazing procedures. The re-glazing SPECTREM 2
procedures will incorporate TREMCO shall be notified
temporary retainers for holding the regarding all sealant failures in any
glass in place while the structural glazing job. A thorough QUALITY
replacement sealant cures. review of the total glazing system ASSURANCE
is required to determine the
There are basically two types of PROGRAMME
reasons/causes for the failure.
replacement failures: Successful use of TREMCO
Once TREMCO has investigated
1. Glass Failures Spectrem 2 - one part silicone
the matter, it will be their
2. Sealant Failures sealant relies on proper record
responsibility to establish specific
a. Adhesive keeping. When Spectrem 2 is
re-glazing procedures.
b. Cohesive intended to be used for a 2 sided
Some general questions to be
After a thorough inspection as to structural glazing application, the
addressed prior to the repairs of
cause of failure, and to the following is recommended:
the job:
satisfaction of all parties involved, 1. All containers be stored below
re-glazing should commence 1. What cleaners/ primers are to
27°C.
immediately. be used?
2. All incoming batches/ lots be
2. How long should the
immediately recorded and
A. Glass Failures replacement silicone cure
initially tested within 30 days
before removing the retainers?
For the replacement of glass due after receipt of material per
to failures (i.e. broken glass, failed 3. Is there room for attachment of
attached methods.
I.G. unit), proceed as follows: the temporary retainers?
3. All results must be recorded
1. Remove existing glass by and maintained in the
cutting the tensile bead and appropriate Log Book.
weather seals. The sealant
adhering to metal (tensile
bead) and glass (weather seal)
may be removed with a utility
knife or a razor blade. A small
portion of the sealant is to
remain adhered to the metal
(approximately 1.5mm).
2. Before setting new glass, wipe
the remaining tensile bead
with IPA (Isopropyl Alcohol) or
MEK (Methyl-Ethyl Ketone).
Reinstall all compatible
spacers and setting blocks.
3. Set the glass and install
temporary retainers as
required. The opening is now
ready to be resealed.

British Bank of Middle East, Dubai, U.A.E.


10
Test #1 - Tack-Free
Time
1. Apply a bead of sealant 3mm-
6mm thick onto a sound
substrate. Strike off sealant to
ensure consistent thickness.
Immediately record the start
time in the Log Book.
2. Obtain a 25mm x 75mm piece
of low-density polyethylene
film 0.15 mm to 0.20 mm thick. POLYETHYLENE
Install the polyethylene sheet 3-6mm THICK FILM
SEALANT BEAD (25-75mm LONG)
on the sealant and maintain
slight pressure with your finger
to ensure contact between the
two for about 5 seconds.
APPROX
3. Withdraw the film 100 mm
progressively at a 90° angle to
the surface. Repeat every 15
minutes until the sealant does
not stick to the polyethylene
film. Record the time at which
the sealant does not stick to
the film in the Log Book. Tack-Free Time Test
4. The difference in these times
will provide the tack-free time
of the sealant.
5. If tack-free time exceeds two
(2) hours, contact TREMCO
Technical Services. The tack-
free time value will vary
CUT INTO SEALANT SLAB WITH RAZOR
depending on the temperature
BLADE
and humidity conditions
present during the cure of the MEASURE TIME REQUIRED FOR SEALANT
sealant. TO CURE ENTIRE THICKNESS

Test #2 - Through Cure


Test
1. Apply a bead of sealant about
6mm thick onto a sound UTILITY KNIFE
substrate. Strike off the
sealant to ensure consistent
thickness. Immediately record
the start time in the Log Book.
2. Allow the sample to cure 24
hours and cut into the sealant SEALANT SLAB
using a utility knife. 75mm WIDE
3. Measure the thickness of X 150mm LONG
sealant cured at this time.
Every 24 hours verify the 6 - 12mm THICK
amount of cured sealant until
the sealant is cured through
and no uncured material is
visible at the center of the Through Cure Test
bead.
4. Record total number of days of
cure in the Log Book. The
number of days required for
the cure of the sealant will vary
depending of the thickness of
the sealant and the local
temperature and humidity
conditions.
11
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


ONE-COMPONENT QUALITY CHECK - LOG BOOK

Test #1 Test #2
Tack-Free Time Through Cure

Thickness Batch # Start End Tack-Free 24 Hour Days Full Operator


Sealant Time Time Time (min) Cure Cure Signature

Al Abbas Building, Dubai, U.A.E.


12
The Sheraton Beach Hotel, Dubai, U.A.E.

TWO PART SILICONE It is important to know that the It is the ultimate responsibility for the
pump is properly mixing and end-user to maintain proper record
SEALANT - TREMCO
dispensing both base and keeping when using Proglaze II.
PROGLAZE II curative. Also, verifying any The equipment suppliers in addition
inconsistencies in the metal finish to TREMCO Engineering Services
QUALITY which may adversely effect are prepared to service this market.
ASSURANCE adhesion is also important. Note:
Tremco Engineering Services - Proglaze II is strictly for in-
PROGRAMME
recommend the following tests to plant use.
Today, more than ever,
be conducted to verify product - Proglaze II can be used in
professional glazers are using
performance. either 2-sided or 4-sided
plural component sealant to
1. At the beginning of each day structural glazing projects.
improve unitized production and
and/or every time the pump is - Proglaze II is pumped with the
fabrication schemes. The use of
started prior to the installation assistance of the Pyles 8900
Proglaze II silicone sealant has
of the silicone sealant and series system from Graco
allowed many innovative
intermittently throughout the Canada Inc. A copy of the start
companies to produce a better
day’s production: up procedures is available
product at a more cost effective,
a. a butterfly test upon request.
higher level of quality.
b. a snap time test - To ensure that the dispensing
The equipment used in delivering system functions properly, on
c. color check (cure through
TREMCO Proglaze II has three ratio verification should be
to be done afterward)
basic functions: performed to monitor the wear
d. an adhesion test on project
1. Dispensing the sealant substrate (in-plant and tear in the dispensing
components (base and adhesion-tab adhesion) equipment. The techniques
catalyst) from their respective are enclosed for your
2. At the beginning, middle and
containers, through the information and reference.
end of each Proglaze II kit:
metering system and mix
a. flow rate of the equipment
elements, via the gun to the
b. a shore A test sample
substrate.
All the test results should be
2. Effective metering of the base
recorded in the Log Book, indicating
and catalyst components at
the date, time, and silicone batch
the specified ratio.
number and cross-referenced to
3. Thorough mixing of the base
the unit produced and its location
and catalyst components to
on the building.
assure proper cure and
performance characteristics of
the sealant per the
manufacture’s specifications.

13
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


Test #1 - Butterfly Test 3. If there is still evidence of
To ensure a proper mix of base streaking or an BUTTERFLY TEST
and curing agent, this test will be inconsistent color exists, PROCEDURE
performed at each start-up of the some adjustments/repairs
dispensing equipment. The object should be done on the
of the butterfly test is to verify a dispensing equipment 1
homogeneous mix and detect the (static mixer area) until we
presence of any streaking or achieve a thorough mix.
Bead of Sealant
unmixed material. It should be F. All test results. (negative or
done just before a “snap” sample positive) must be recorded
is taken. and dated in the “Log Book”.
The Butterfly Test is to be The butterfly test can also be
performed as follows: performed with two pieces of clear
A. After the pump has been glass. After performing step A, apply
started, dispense 1.25 litres of a bead of sealant onto one of the
glass pieces and press the second Paper
mixed base and curing agent
into a container to flush lines glass piece on top of it. Visually
(it should take 2-3 minutes to inspect mix of the sealant. The
do so). At the start, the sealant must appear uniformly
mixed and there should be no white
2
material will appear
predominantly white because or grey streaks of any kind present
the lines have been base in the sealant.
purged at the previous shut The “Butterfly Test” cannot be
down. used by itself to confirm that the
B. On a sheet of paper, apply a material is perfectly mixed but
150mm to 200mm long line of should be used in conjunction with
sealant from the gun nozzle. all the other tests herein mentioned Fold in the
to ensure in-place performance of middle of the
C. After sealant is applied, fold
the sealant. bead
the paper in half. Apply ample
pressure to flatten out the
bead of sealant.
D. Open the paper towel and lay
it flat, visually inspect the 3
sealant.
E. The sealant must appear
uniformly mixed (the base is
white and the curative is black;
the mixed product is dark
charcoal grey). There should
be no white or grey streaks of
any kind in the sealant.
1. If there is no evidence of
Unfolded paper - not full mixed
streaking and the sealant
sealant (streaks)
is a consistent dark color,
a thorough mix has been
achieved. Proceed with the
snap test.
4
2. DO NOT PROCEED with
further testing and sample
preparation if there is
evidence of streaking or an
inconsistent color exists.
This indicates a thorough
mix has not been
achieved. Instead,
dispense additional sealant
and repeat steps B Unfolded paper - fully mixed sealant
through E.

14
SNAP TIME TEST PROCEDURE

2
Sealant
has not
snapped
1 Stick

100 - 150 mm

Mixed
Sealant

3
12 - 25 mm

Sealant has snapped

Test #2 - Snap Time Test E. As the material approaches its I. Care should be taken to avoid
Snap Time Test will be performed designed snap time, the further mixing or shearing of
after proper mix of base and distance required for the the sealant during the snap
curing agent is achieved (refer to material to break, when lifting time testing; this will affect the
Butterfly Test). This Snap Time Test the stick from the sealant snap time result.
is performed to determine the cure surface, will get smaller and J. Snap time result may vary and
rate of the sealant once mixed and smaller. be affected by the local
is to performed as follows: F. Snap time is achieved when temperature, humidity
A. Dispense mixed sealant into a lifting the stick from the conditions and the shelf life of
container (3/4 full). A coffee material and the sealant both base and catalyst. As an
cup is suitable for this test. breaks after 12 - 25 mm example, testing at higher
Record time of sample distance from the surface of temperatures reduces snap
preparation. the sealant in the container. time while testing at lower
B. Insert any clean stick well into The snapped sealant will act temperature increases the
the sealant in the middle of the like a broken rubber band, i.e. snap time.
container. both ends will snap in opposite Note:
C. The “Snap Time” of the mixed directions. After the mixed sealant has been
sealant is checked by slowly G. Record snap time. The tooled in place, it should not be
lifting the stick straight up from designed snap time should be disturbed once the sealant has
the container. Initially, the between 30 to 40 minutes “snapped”; its adhesion to both
sealant will form a continuous when done at room substrates may be affected.
string from the stick to the temperature and humidity’ If any major discrepancy in the
surface of the sealant in the conditions at the time of snap time value is noted, advise
cup. It should not break when testing. TREMCO immediately.
the stick is lifted approximately H. Date and time need to be
100 - 150 mm above the recorded on the cup, it could
sealant surface. be used for future Shore A
D. Wait 20 minutes and repeat testing.
step “C” every 5 minutes.
15
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


Test #3 - Colour Check
At the same time the butterfly test ADHESION TEST PROCEDURE
and snap time are conducted, a
sample of cured sealant should be
compared with the material
currently being dispensed. Color
of a previously cured sample
(control sample) should match Cut Back to Substrate
that of the dispensed material. This then Pull
control sample is generally
produced at the commencement
of the project prior the installation
of the structural silicone sealant. Sealant Bead
If the snap time is in specification
and the butterfly test shows no
streaking and the color check is
consistent with the control, then it
is confirmed that the material is
being dispensed, properly mixed, Glass or Metal
and should be expected to meet
Sample
the performance specifications. At
this point, we can proceed with
the adhesion test. COHESIVE FAILURE WITHIN
SEALANT BEAD (RECOMMENDED)
Test #4 - Adhesion Test
The adhesion test is to be
performed at the start and end of
each production run or day. It will
confirm that the sealant does not
Pull Back
change from the beginning to the
end and that you will have at 90°
consistent results.
The adhesion test is to be
performed as follow:
A. Clean both finished metal and Sealant Bead
glass substrates using the
recommended cleaning
procedures.
B. Apply a bead of the silicone
sealant to the substrates in
use, approximately 12mm wide
Glass or Metal
by 100mm long. Tool the
bead.
Sample
C. Allow the sealant to cure for 24
ADHESIVE FAILURE
hours at room temperature tor
AT BOND LINE (NOT RECOMMENDED)
Proglaze II.
D. Upon completion of the cure,
undercut about 25mm of the
best bead at the substrate
interface with a razor blade
and pull this tab of sealant at
90° to the substrate.
E. Record the results of adhesion
in the project Log Book.
Note:
- If pull test results in adhesive
failure (sealant pulling away neatly
from the substrate, notify TREMCO
immediately for direction.
16
Test #5 - Flow-rate Pump Pressure Ratio Cylinder Pressure
Check (psi) (psi)

This must be carried out on a


weekly basis to ensure the correct Date Time Base Catalyst Catalyst Base
quantity of sealant is produced from
the gun.
A. Weigh the paper cup.
B. Using this cup, run 30 seconds
of material from gun.
C. Weigh the cup containing the
material then subtract weight of
cup. Multiply this figure
by 2 and record.
D. If there is any variance, report to
Job Foreman.

FLOW RATE CHECK


Pump N° ___________________
Date: ___________________
Location: ___________________

Test #6 - Shore-A Test Cross Sect


Samples Date Time 24-hr Reading 7-Day Reading
Reading
A Shore-A plug sample will be
prepared after a change in base
and/or catalyst.
A. Apply a bead sealant
approximately 38mm x 9mm to
any flat surface.
B. Date and time needs to be
recorded on each sample.
C. A Shore-A reading will be taken
after a 24-hour period.
D. Another Shore-A reading will be
taken after 7 days.
E. The section will be cut and
checked to make sure that a
complete cure is taking place.
Shore-A reading will be
recorded.

SHORE - A READING
Pump N° ___________________
Project: ___________________

17
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


TWO COMPONENT QUALITY CHECK LOG BOOK

TREMCO STRUCTURAL SILICONE GLAZING

PRODUCT: PROJECT:

Colour Snap Adhesion Location & Vision Lite Spandrel Oper.


Date Time Butterfly Check Time Test Unit No’s Production Productions Inits. Comments
On Elev. Dwg

Additional Comments:
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
18
ON RATIO manufacturer. In most cases, the 2. Ratio checks by
sealant manufacturer has an using the component
VERIFICATION
established relationship with the delivery lines
TECHNIQUES equipment supplier who, in turn, The component feed lines are
Dispensing of Proglaze II, or any has developed sealant specific disconnected from the mixing/
plural component product, at a pump systems which ensure dispensing gun. Using two pre-
correct, recommended ratio as proper sealant dispensing, weighed containers, base and
specified by the sealant metering and mixing given the catalyst components are
manufacturer is critical not only to unique characteristics of that dispensed into respective
the initial cure of the sealant but sealant. Variables which may containers for an equal period of
also its long-term performance effect pump specification include time. For fixed ratio systems such
characteristics. sealant component viscosity, flow as Pyles 8900 series dispensing
Recognizing the critical nature of characteristics, volumetric ratio system, we recommend that the
this requirement, plural and mixing ease. When ordering interval of time be equal to the
component equipment equipment for a specific plural travel time of a single meter
manufacturers have striven to component sealant or when changeover. A sample should be
engineer equipment such that a switching from one sealant taken in each direction of travel (left
network of system checks provide supplier to another, it is critical to right and right to left), that way
indication of malfunction or the that the user work closely with the the integrity of the meter system
need for maintenance. In addition, equipment manufacturer and can be thoroughly confirmed.
the sealant manufacturers have sealant supplier to ensure that Additionally, a sample should be
further reviewed these systems to proper equipment configuration taken which includes one
provide other methods of exists. downstroke, one upstroke and two
analytical verification of optimum changeovers. After dispensing, the
equipment performance in order to RECOMMENDED respective components are
ensure that the product dispensed
METHODS OF individually weighed and the initial
is within recommended ratio container weight subtracted. Divide
levels. CONFIRMING
the base component weight by the
This report attempts to describe ON-RATIO DISENSING catalyst component weight to
the most commonly used methods OF TREMCO calculate the weight ratio.
of in-plant ratio verification for
PROGLAZE II Example: For Proglaze II, a
plural component sealant systems. volumetric ratio of 11.17:1 is
For specific equipment diagnosis equivalent to an 10.68:1 weight
and service, refer to the
1. The use of snap time
testing ratio. A base sample weight 42.8
manufacturer manual. grams divided by a catalyst
The most commonly used system This method may not be reliable
component weight of 4 grams
for dispensing of Proglaze II is a as sealant snap times are
calculates out to an 10.7 weight
system manufactured by Graco temperature and humidity variable.
ratio. This is acceptable and well
(Pyles 8900 Series). Unless the sealant was mixed and
within experimental error. Variances
Pyles manufacture “fixed ratio” dispensed in a 77°F/50% RH
approaching or in excess of 10%
type metering systems. environment, the snap time will
may indicate the need for
Essentially, this means that the vary from the value stated on the
equipment maintenance or
system does not allow for in-line data sheet. This method should
improper test procedures.
ratio adjustments. The systems not be used as a prime indicator
of sealant mix ratio evaluation but Repeat the test process and
employ two hollow cylinders ( one recalculate values. Note that
each for the base and catalyst) should be used in conjunction with
all the other methods covered so far. similar discrepancies in either
which are honed out to the meter direction values or stroke
respective base and catalyst direction values indicate poor
volumetric ratios. In operation, the performance of the system. This
sleeves are filled and emptied would confirm the need for
simultaneously via opposing sides corrective maintenance
of the “cup seals” or “piston procedures. Contact the
assembly”. Volumetric ratio equipment supplier for proper
changes are accomplished by recommendations.
replacing the catalyst sleeve with
one of a smaller inside diameter
which will deliver less catalyst, or
a larger inside diameter sleeve
which will deliver more catalyst to
the system. In the fixed ratio
system, the base component is
constant.
Volumetric and/or weight ratios are
normally specified by the sealant
19
PROCEDURES

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROCEDURES


3. The use of mixing 4. The material Given this information, base
equipment pressure displacement material displacement equals 397.6
gauges as indicators calculation in² times 5.625 in which is 2211.65
of proper equipment It is the easiest method of on-ratio cubic inches. Catalyst material
displacement is 99.4 in² times 1.875
performance verification. This method requires
no equipment disassembly, no inch which equals 186.375 cubic
Plural component mixing
weight measurements or clean up. inches. Now, to calculate ratio,
equipment pressure gauges are
Through the measurement of divide the base volume
excellent indicators of proper
follower plate travel on the base displacement by the catalyst
equipment performance. On fixed
and catalyst components, we volume displacement:
ratio systems, the base meter
calculate the volume of material œ 2211.65 divided by 186.375
pressures should always read
used. This method is as follows: equals 11.98:1
greater than those of the catalyst
by approximately 300-500 psi. œ Inside diameter of catalyst pail This would indicate acceptable
Variances between the paired = 11.25" divided by 2= 5.625” ratio dispensing on a product type
gauges (base meter and catalyst œ Inside diameter of base drum basis. Note that this purging has
meter) should be minimal; 100- = 22.50" divided by 2 = 11.25" an effect on the final value of the
300 psi. Variances in excess of equation, but minimal purging
œ Area of a circle calculation
300 psi would indicate either a over a significant production run
= 3 .1416 x radius²
system blockage or wear of internal will usually provide a satisfactory
œ Area of catalyst pail
meter parts. Both result in indication of proper equipment
= 3.1416 x 5.625"² = 99.40in²
continuous or intermittent ratio performance and sealant ratio.
œ Area of base drum
imbalance. If abnormal or In any case, when a question of
= 3.1416 x 11.25"² = 397.60in²
fluctuating pressures are noted, equipment or sealant performance
The previous values represent arises, it is recommended that the
contact the equipment calculation constants to be used in
manufacturer for service user consult with either or both
the ratio evaluation. parties such that proper
recommendations.
Assume the following values for the determination of the problem is
follower plate travel in this example made and implementation of an
(note that source of travel effective solution is established.
measurements are indicated on the
attached sheet.)
œ Base: 5.625 (59/16")
œ Catalyst: 1.875 (17/8")

STRUCTURAL GLAZING PROJECT INITIATION FORM


PROJECT TITLE : __________________________________________________________________________

PROJECT SIZE: _________________________________________________________________________

PROJECT LOCATION:
OCATION _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

ARCHITECT: _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

CONSULTANT :
ONSULT _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

F ABRICATOR :
ABRICATOR _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

GLAZING SUB CONTRACTOR:


SUBCONTRACTOR _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

CAULKING SUB CONTRACTOR:


SUBCONTRACTOR _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

GLAZING ST ART DATE:


START _________________________________________________________________________

GLAZING COMPLETION DATE: _________________________________________________________________________

20
STRUCTURAL GLAZING CALCULATIONS
SILICONE CONTACT CALCULATIONS TRIANGLES
DEPTH Current industry practice
SCD =
determines the Surface Contact
(TENSILE BEAD) Windload (kg/m²) x Hypoteneuse side (metres)
Depth (SCD) of the structural
28
silicone sealant beads by means of
kg/m²: SCD = trapezoidal load distribution. The X
Short Span (m) x Windload (kg/m²) SCD is given by the equation: 1
———————————————— 1 1
28 +
Tan (a/2) Tan (b/2)
STRUCTURAL
N/m²: SCD = SEALANT

Short Span (m) x Windload (N/m²) SPACER


————————————————
276
a A
FACE
KPa: SCD = CLEARANCE
Short Span (m) x Windload (KPa) (THICKNESS) b
———————————————— Side A = 2.5 metres
0.276 Angle a = 60°
SCD Angle b = 30°
PSF: SCD = Windload = 150 kg/m²
Short Span (ft) x Windload (PSF) WxX
SCD = 1/2 x W x X
———————————————— 12 x S therefore:
480
W = design negative windload
Structural IG Secondary (psi) 150 x 2.5 1
SCD = x
Seal: 28 1 1
+
SCD ÷ 2 + 3mm (4 sided) X = greatest short dimension of lite Tan(60/2) Tan(60/2)
SCD ÷ 2 (2 sided) for each design windload (ft) 1
Minimum SCD = 6mm SCD = 13.4 x 1 1
S = mazimum stress allowed to +
Different Glass 0.577 0.268
act on the structural sealant at
Thickness: design windload 1
SCD = 13.4 x 5.46
SCD (2 sided)
SCD + 3mm (4 sided) (the industry standard for “S” is 20
Minimum SCD = 6mm psi)
SCD = 2.455 (Minimum of 6mm)
therefore:

SCD = 1/2 x W x X
12 x 20

SCD = W x X
480

21
CALCULATIONS

STRUCTURAL GLAZING CALCULATIONS


IRREGULAR
QUADRILATERALS
(Same as triangles)
NB: The side used should be the
largest quadrilateral side (where
both angles are below 90°).

Akariyah III Centre, Olaya, Riyadh

(minimum of 6mm)

REGULAR
QUADRILATERALS
(Same as rectagles)

SCD =
Short Span of Largest Lite (m) x Windload (kg/m²)
28

Q I M C Head Office, West Bay, Doha, Qatar

(minimum of 6mm)

22
APPENDIX A
CONVERSION TABLE
- WIND PRESSURE AND SPEED
PRESSURE SPEED WATER GAUGE
Pa lb f/ft² m/s km/h mile/h mm H2O in H2O

50 1.04 9.0 32.5 20.2 5.1 0.2


100 2.09 12.7 46.0 28.6 10.2 0.4
150 3.13 15.5 56.3 35.0 15.3 0.6
200 4.18 18.0 65.0 40.4 20.4 0.4
250 5.22 20.1 72.7 45.2 25.5 1.0

300 6.27 22.0 79.7 49.5 30.6 1.2


350 7.31 23.8 85.9 53.4 35.7 1.4
400 8.35 25.4 91.9 57.1 40.8 1.6
450 9.40 27.0 97.5 60.6 45.9 1.8
500 10.44 28.5 102.8 63.9 51.0 2.0

550 11.49 29.8 107.8 67.0 56.1 2.2


600 12.53 31.1 112.6 70.0 61.2 2.4
650 13.58 32.5 117.2 72.8 66.3 2.6
700 14.62 33.6 121.7 75.6 71.4 2.8
750 15.66 34.8 125.9 78.2 76.5 3.0

800 16.71 36.0 130.0 80.8 81.6 3.2


850 17.75 37.1 134.1 83.3 88.7 3.4
900 18.80 38.2 137.9 85.7 91.8 3.6
950 19.84 39.2 141.8 88.0 96.9 3.8
1000 20.89 40.2 145.3 90.3 102.0 4.0

1200 25.06 44.1 159.2 98.9 122.4 4.8


1400 29.24 47.7 172.0 106.9 142.8 5.6
1600 33.42 50.9 183.9 114.3 163.2 6.4
1800 37.59 54.0 195.1 121.2 183.6 7.2
2000 41.77 58.9 205.5 127.7 204.1 8.0

2200 45.95 59.7 215.7 134.0 224.5 8.8


2400 50.12 62.3 225.1 139.9 244.9 9.6
2600 54.30 64.8 234.3 145.6 265.3 10.4
2800 58.48 67.4 243.2 151.1 285.7 11.2
3000 62.86 69.8 251.7 156.4 306.1 12.0

NOTE: The above conversions are based on the aerodynamic relationship:


Pressure = (velocity)² x (a constant)
eg. P(mm.wg) = (V m/s)² x 0.063 or P(lbf/ft²) = (V mile/h)² x 0.00258
23
CALCULATIONS

APPENDIX B

24
25
PROJECT
REFERENCES

BRITISH BANK OF MIDDLE EAST


- MAIN BRANCH, DUBAI, U.A.E.
OWNER
British Bank of Middle East

ARCHITECT
John Harris Partnership

DATE OF COMPLETION
October 1993

CURTAIN WALL
CONTRACTOR
Al Abbar Aluminium

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Spectrem 2
] High performance neutral
cure silicone sealant.
SST 800 Tape
] For compression glazing of
vision lites or panels.

OLAYA COMMERCIAL CENTRE


- OLAYA, DUBAI, U.A.E.
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED
Proglaze II
] High performance
multi-component structural
silicone.
Spectrem 2
] High performance neutral cure
silicone sealant.
SGT 920 Tape
] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
glazing.
EPDM Setting Blocks

SPECIAL PROJECT
FEATURES
4-sided SSG including double
CLIENT CURTAIN WALL CON- glazing.
Sheik Abdul Mohsen Al Rosais TRACTOR
National Aluminium Factory Co.
ARCHITECT (NAFCO)
Khatib & Alami
GLAZING CONTRACTOR
DATE OF COMPLETION Saudi American Glass Factory
March 1997

26
NATIONAL BANK OF DUBAI
- DUBAI, U.A.E.
CLIENT TREMCO PRODUCTS USED
National Bank of Dubai Gaskets
] Silicone comatible high
ARCHITECT performance EPDM gaskets,
Norr Partnership spacers and setting blocks.
Fyresil Sealants
DATE OF COMPLETION ] Firestopping products.
October 1997
SPECIAL PROJECT
CURTAIN WALL FEATURES
CONTRACTOR 4-sided structural glazing in the
Alico Ltd. form of Arab Dhow sail.

DUBAI CREEK TOWER - DUBAI, U.A.E.


CLIENT TREMCO PRODUCTS USED Pyroblanket
HRH Sheikh Mohammed Bin Proglaze II ] A flexible ceramic fibre blanket
Rashid Al Maktoum (Crown ] High performance for the fire protection of steel.
Prince of Dubai) multi-component structural Dymonic
silicone. ] One component low modulus
ARCHITECT Spectrem 2 polyurethane expansion joint
Khatib & Alami ] High performance neutral cure sealant.
silicone sealant. Mono 555
DATE OF COMPLETION SGT 920 Tape ] Acrylic terpolymer sealant.
February 1996 ] High density urethane foam EPDM Setting Blocks
tape spacer for structural JS 780
CURTAIN WALL glazing. ] Primary sealant for dual seal IG
CONTRACTOR Dymeric systems.
Al Abbar Aluminium ] High performance JS 562
multi-component ] Silicone sealant for IG
polyurethane expansion joint manufacture.
sealant.
SPECIAL PROJECT
FEATURES
2 & 4-sided structural glazing
using Proglaze II & Spectrem 2.
Spectrem 2 colour matched to
cladding panel joints. 16,000 m²
IG using JS 562/JS 780 including
12,000 m² structural glazing.

27
PROJECT
REFERENCES

SHEIKHA MARIAM TOWER


- ABU DHABI, U.A.E.
CLIENT Proglaze II
Sheikha Mariam bint Hamdan al ] High performance multi-
Nayhan component structural
silicone.
ARCHITECT Spectrem 2
Khatib and Alami ] High performance neutral cure
silicone sealant.
DATE OF COMPLETION SGT 920 Tape
July 1996 ] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
CURTAIN WALL glazing.
CONTRACTOR JS 562
White Aluminium using Texas ] Silicone sealant for IG
Wall Systems - 2750 Series manufacture.
Setting Blocks and EPDM
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED Gaskets
Dymonic
] One component low modulus SPECIAL PROJECT
polyurethane expansion joint FEATURES
sealant. 2-sided structural glazing, factory
bonded using Proglaze II and
SGT 920 Tape.

E.S.C.W.A. BUILDING - BEIRUT, LEBANON


TREMCO PRODUCTS USED
Dymeric
] High performance multi-
component polyurethane
expansion joint sealant.
Dymonic
] One component low modulus
polyurethane expansion joint
sealant.
THC 900
] High performance trafficable
expansion joint sealant.
Proglaze II
] High performance multi-
component structural
silicone.
Spectrem 2
] High performance neutral cure
CLIENT CURTAIN WALL CONTRAC- silicone sealant.
Solidere TOR SGT 920 Tape
] High density urethane foam
Alumco
ARCHITECT tape spacer for structural
glazing.
SH Pierre El-Khouri DOUBLE GLAZED UNITS
EPDM Gaskets and SCR Setting
By Zamil Glass Industries
DATE OF COMPLETION Blocks
November 1997
SPECIAL PROJECT
MAIN CONTRACTOR FEATURES
A.C.C. 4-sided structural glazing.
28
AL ATTAR TOWER - SH ZAYED ROAD
DUBAI, U.A.E.
CLIENT Spectrem 2
Al Attar Real Estate ] High performance neutral cure
silicone sealant.
ARCHITECT SGT 920 Tape
Al Turath Engineering ] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
DATE OF COMPLETION glazing.
December 1997 JS 562
] Silicone sealant for IG
CURTAIN WALL manufacture.
CONTRACTOR JS 780
Al Abbar Aluminium ] Primary sealant for dual seal IG
systems.
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED
Dymonic SPECIAL PROJECT
] One component low modulus FEATURES
polyurethane expansion joint 2 and 4-sided structural glazing
sealant. using Proglaze II and Spectrem 2
Proglaze II structural silicone sealants.
] High performance multi-
component structural
silicone.

AL ABBAS BUILDING - DUBAI, U.A.E.


DATE OF COMPLETION
October 1997

CURTAIN WALL
CONTRACTOR
Thomas Bennett Gulf

TREMCO PRODUCT USED


Dymonic
] One component low modulus
polyurethane expansion joint
sealant.
Spectrem 2
] High performance, neutral
cure silicone sealant.
SGT 920 Tape
] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
glazing.

SPECIAL PROJECT
FEATURES
2-sided structural glazing.

CLIENT ARCHITECT
Al Abbas Trading Holford Associates

29
PROJECT
REFERENCES

BANIYAS TOWER
- NASSER SQUARE, DEIRA, DUBAI, U.A.E.
ARCHITECT Spectrem 2
Khatib and Alami ] High performance neutral cure
silicone sealant.
DATE OF COMPLETION SGT 920 Tape
February 1998 ] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
CURTAIN WALL CONTRACTOR glazing.
Al Abbar Aluminium Mono
] One part acrylic terpolymer
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED sealant.
Dymeric Pyroblanket
] High performance ] A flexible ceramic fibre blanket
multi-component for the fire protection of steel.
polyurethane expansion joint EPDM Setting Blocks
sealant.
Dymonic SPECIAL PROJECT FEATURES
CLIENT ] One component low modulus 2 and 4-sided structural glazing
polyurethane expansion joint using Spectrem 2 and Proglaze II
HRH Sheikh Mohammed Bin
sealant. structural silicones.
Rashid Al Maktoum (Crown
Prince of Dubai) Proglaze II
] High performance
multi-component structural
silicone.

AL ALI TOWER - SHEIKH ZAYED ROAD


DUBAI, U.A.E.
CLIENT Spectrem 2
Major General Abdul Rahim Al Ali ] High performance, neutral
cure silicone sealant.
ARCHITECT JS 780
Khatib and Alami ] Primary sealant for dual seal IG
systems.
DATE OF COMPLETION SGT 920 Tape
March 1998 ] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
CURTAIN WALL glazing.
CONTRACTOR
Thomas Bennett Gulf SPECIAL PROJECT
FEATURES
TREMCO PRODUCT USED 4-sided structural glazing plus
Dymonic structural silicone bonding of
] One component low modulus aluminium cladding panels.
polyurethane expansion joint
sealant.
Proglaze II
] High performance multi-
component structural
silicone.

30
AKARIYAH III CENTRE - OLAYA, RIYADH
GLAZING CONTRACTOR
Saudi American Glass

TREMCO PRODUCT USED


Proglaze II
] High performance multi-
component structural
silicone.
Spectrem 2
] High performance, neutral
cure silicone sealant.
SGT 920 Tape
] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
glazing.
EPDM Gaskets and Setting
Blocks
CLIENT DATE OF COMPLETION
Saudi Real Estate Co. November 1994 SPECIAL PROJECT
FEATURES
ARCHITECT CURTAIN WALL 4-sided SSG including double
Sreco CONTRACTOR glazing.
Nalfab Co.

MEDIUM RISE OFFICE LEASE BUILDING


- JEBEL ALI, DUBAI, U.A.E.
CLIENT
Jebel Ali Free Zone Authority

DATE OF COMPLETION
September 1998

CONSULTANT
Norr Group

CURTAIN WALL
CONTRACTOR
Al Abbar Aluminium

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Proglaze II
] High performance, multi-
component structural
silicone. Polyshim Tape SPECIAL PROJECT FEA-
Spectrem 2 ] High performance shimmed TURES
] High performance, neutral tape. 2-sided structural glazing
cure silicone sealant. Dymonic (double glazed) using Spectrem
JS 780 ] One component, low 2 silicone site applied, includes
] Primary seal for dual seal IG modulus expansion joint sloped SSG.
systems. sealant.
SGT 920 Tape Pyroblanket
] High density urethane foam ] A flexible, ceramic fibre
tape spacer for structural blanket for the fire
glazing. protection of construction
joints and perimeter seals.
31
PROJECT
REFERENCES

AL SALAM TOWER
- WEST BAY, DOHA, QATAR
CLIENT TREMCO PRODUCTS USED
Salam Holdings Proglaze II
] High performance,
ARCHITECT multi-component structural
Domenico Negri silicone.
Spectrem 2
DATE OF COMPLETION ] High performance, neutral
June 1997 cure silicone sealant.
SGT 920 Tape
CONSULTANT ] High density urethane foam
Rice Perry Ellis tape spacer for structural
glazing.
CURTAIN WALL EPDM Setting Blocks
CONTRACTOR EPDM Gaskets
Alu Nasa W.L.L.
SPECIAL PROJECT
GLAZING CONTRACTOR FEATURES
Saudi American Glass 2-sided SSG, including double
glazing.

VOLVO BUILDING - GIZA, EGYPT


CLIENT
E.F.G - Hermes

DATE OF COMPLETION
June 1997

MAIN CONTRACTOR/
DEVELOPER
Arabian International Co.

FABRICATOR
Amreya Metal Co.

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Spectrem 2
] High performance, neutral
cure silicone sealant.
SGT 920 Tape
] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
glazing.

SPECIAL PROJECT
FEATURES
2-sided structural glazing.

32
AL ATTAR TOWER II
- SHEIKH ZAYED ROAD, DUBAI, U.A.E.
CLIENT JS 562
Mr Khaled Abdul Rahim, Al Attar ] Silicone sealant for IG
manufacture.
ARCHITECT JS 780
Adnan Saffarini ] Primary sealant for dual seal IG
systems.
DATE OF COMPLETION EPDM Settting Blocks
November 1998 Sealant Backer Rod

CURTAIN WALL SPECIAL PROJECT


CONTRACTOR FEATURES
Al Abbar Aluminium 2-sided structural glazing
completed with Spectrem 2 and
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED SGT 920 Tape. IG manufactured
Spectrem 2 with JS 562 and JS 780.
] High performance, neutral
cure silicone sealant.
SGT 920 Tape
] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
glazing.

EMIRATES TOWERS HOTEL


- SHEIKH ZAYED ROAD, DUBAI, U.A.E.
CLIENT MAIN CONTRACTOR Dymonic
HRH General Sheikh Mohammed Besix - Ssangyong JV ] One component low modulus
Bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Crown polyurethane expansion joint
Prince of Dubai) CURTAIN WALL sealant.
CONTRACTOR SGT 920 Tape
ARCHITECT Al Abbar Aluminium ] High density urethane foam
Norr Group Consultants tape spacer for structural
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED glazing.
DATE OF COMPLETION Proglaze II Gaskets
April 2000 ] High performance, ] High performance EPDM and
multi-component structural Silicone extrusions
silicone.
Tremsil 500 SPECIAL PROJECT
] A one part neutral curing low FEATURES
modulus silicone sealant. 2-sided structural glazing -
Spectrem 2 unitised system.
] High performance, neutral
cure silicone sealant.
Dymeric
] High performance
polyurethane expansion joint
sealant.

33
PROJECT
REFERENCES

BURJ AL ARAB - JUMEIRA, DUBAI, U.A.E.


CLIENT Spectrem 2
HRH General Sheikh Mohammed ] High performance, neutral
Bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Crown cure silicone sealant.
Prince of Dubai) Dymeric
] High performance
ARCHITECT polyurethane
W S Atkins & Partners (Overseas) expansion joint sealant.
Dymonic
DATE OF COMPLETION ] One component low modulus
September 1999 polyurethane expansion joint
sealant.
CURTAIN WALL SGT 920 Tape
CONTRACTOR ] High density urethane foam
Al Abbar Aluminium tape spacer for structural
glazing.
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED Tremstop
Proglaze II ] Firestopping products.
] High performance, multi- Gaskets
component structural ] High performance EPDM &
silicone. Silicone extrusions
Tremsil 500
] A one part neutral curing low SPECIAL PROJECT
modulus silicone sealant. FEATURES
4-sided structural glazing for sun
deck glazing, planar assembly
and main entrance.

BOORJ 2000
- GOVERNMENT SQUARE, SHARJAH, U.A.E.
CLIENT SGT 920 Tape SPECIAL PROJECT
H H Sheikh Quasimi ] High density urethane foam FEATURES
tape spacer for structural 4-sided structural glazing.
ARCHITECT/CONSULTANT glazing.
Eng Adnan Saffarini Dymonic OTHER INFORMATION
] One component low modulus Dymeric used on staircases.
DATE OF COMPLETION polyurethane expansion joint Fyresil smoke seals.
April 2000 sealant.

MAIN CONTRACTOR
ICTC

CURTAIN WALL
CONTRACTOR
Al Abbar Aluminium

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Proglaze II
] High performance
multi-component structural
silicone.
Spectrem 2
] High performance neutral cure
silicone sealant.

34
AL HAWAII TOWER
- SHAIKH ZAYED ROAD, DUBAI, U.A.E.
ARCHITECT/CONSULTANT SGT 920 Tape
Eng Adnan Saffarini ] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
DATE OF COMPLETION glazing.
November 2000 Dymonic
] One component low modulus
MAIN CONTRACTOR polyurethane expansion joint
Al Hudaiba sealant.
Tremsil 500
CURTAIN WALL ] Low modulus neutral cure
CONTRACTOR silicone sealant.
Al Abbar Aluminium
SPECIAL PROJECT
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED FEATURES
Proglaze II 4-sided structural glazing.
] High performance
multi-component structural
silicone.
Spectrem 2
] High performance neutral
cure silicone sealant.

DUBAI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT


- SHEIKH RASHID TERMINAL, DUBAI, U.A.E.
SGT 920 Tape
] High density urethane foam
tape spacer for structural
glazing.
Tremsil 500
] Low modulus neutral cure
silicone sealant.
EPDM Gaskets
] Linear and frame gaskets for
architectural glazing systems.

SPECIAL PROJECT
FEATURES
Over 130 kms of sealant joints.
CLIENT CURTAIN WALL
Dubai Civil Aviation CONTRACTOR OTHER INFORMATION
Al Abbar Aluminium Tretoshield 218 used for
ARCHITECT/CONSULTANT waterproofing of marble and
Bochtel International TREMCO PRODUCTS USED granite panels. Dymeric and
Spectrem 1 THC 900 used for floor joints.
DATE OF COMPLETION ] High performance ultra low Fyresil smoke seals.
May 2000 modulus silicone joint sealant.
Spectrem 2
MAIN CONTRACTOR ] High performance neutral
Al Habtoor-Murray Roberts (JV) cure silicone sealant.

35
PROJECT
REFERENCES

ARCO CENTRE - LONG BEACH, CA, U.S.A.


ARCHITECT
The Luckman Partnership

CURTAIN WALL
CONTRACTOR
Olson Glass Company, Inc.

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Proglaze
] High performance structural
silicone.
Gaskets
] High performance EPDM &
Silicone extrusions

SANOMA BUILDING - HELSINKI, FINLAND


ARCHITECT
SARC Oy

DATE OF COMPLETION
1999

MAIN CONTRACTOR
Mika Selinko, Hämeen Lasitoini Oy
and Tony Kelo, Kelo Marketing

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Proglaze II
] High performance
multi-component structural
silicone.
Spectrem 2
] High performance neutral cure
silicone sealant.
SST 800 Tape
] For compression glazing of
vision lites or panels

36
BLECKMANN TRANSPORT OFFICE
- OLDENZAAL, THE NETHERLANDS
CLIENT
Bleckmann Transport Oldenzaal

COMPLETION DATE
1999

ARCHITECT
Architectenbureau De Boer / De Wit

MAIN CONTRACTOR
Te Pas Bouw B.V. te Enschede

APPLICATOR
Te Pas Bouw B.V. te Enschede

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Proglaze II
Proglaze VEC 90
] High performance
] High performance silicone
multi-component structural
sealant.
silicone.

GEMEENTE HUIS - ALPHEN AAN DEN RIJN,


THE NETHERLANDS
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED
Swiggle Strip DS
] High performance, warm edge
IG sealant system for dual seal
IG units.
Spectrem 2
] High performance neutral cure
silicone sealant.
EPDM Gaskets

ARCHITECT MAIN CONTRACTOR


Erick van Egeraat Architecten HBG Utiliteitsbouw B.V. Regio West
& Octatube Space Constructions
COMPLETION DATE Delft
2002
APPLICATOR
ReneCo B.V., Nieuwerkerk aan
den IJssel

37
PROJECT
REFERENCES

FORMOSA BUILDING - TAIWAN, R.O.C.


ARCHITECT
C.J. Chen Architects

CURTAIN WALL
CONTRACTOR
Yeong Yuh Metal Enterprise Co.,
Ltd.

TREMCO PRODUCT USED


Spectrem 2
] High performance, neutral
cure silicone sealant.

LA PYRAMID DU LOUVRE - PARIS, FRANCE


ARCHITECT
Ieoh Ming Pei

CONTRACTOR
CFEM

TREMCO PRODUCT USED


Proglaze
] High performance silicone
sealant.

38
CITYBANK PLAZA - HONG KONG
ARCHITECT
Rocco Design Partners Architects
and Engineers, Hong Kong

BUILDING CONTRACTOR
Sung Foo Kee, Limited

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Proglaze II
] High performance, two
component structural silicone
Spectrem 2
] High performance, neutral
cure silicone sealant

TOUR PRISMA - PARIS, FRANCE


CLIENT
SARI

ARCHITECT
WILLERVAL

SITE CONTROLLER
SOCOTEC

CONTRACTOR
HARMON-CFEM

TREMCO PRODUCT USED


Proglaze II
] High performance multi-
component strucural silicone.

39
PROJECT
REFERENCES

21ST CENTURY TOWER - DUBAI, U.A.E.


CLIENT Tremsil 500
Abdullah Al Rostamani œ Neutral curing low modulus
silicone sealant.
ARCHITECT SGT 9200 Tape
WS Atkins and Partners Overseas œ Closed cell, high density, PVC
foam structural glazing tape.
DATE OF COMPLETION PL 400
September 2003 œ One part, multi-purpose gap
filling adhesive.
MAIN CONTRACTOR
Arabtec - Al Rostamani / Pegel (JV) SPECIAL FEATURES
Unitised curtain wall with 2 &
CURTAIN WALL 4-sided SSG.
CONTRACTOR
Al Abbar Aluminium OTHER INFORMATION
10,000m² of Tremproof 60 for
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED internal waterproofing was applied
Proglaze II by Western International.
œ High performance,
multi-component structural
silicone.

DURAH CENTRE
- CORNICHE, SHARJAH, U.A.E
ARCHITECT / Dymonic NT SPECIAL FEATURES
CONSULTANT œ One part low modulus Unitised curtain wall with 2 &
Ajyed Engineering elastomeric polyurethane 4-sided SSG.
sealant.
DATE OF COMPLETION Spectrem 2 OTHER INFORMATION
July 2003 œ High performance, neutral The curtain wall featured curved IG
cure structural silicone sealant. units.
MAIN CONTRACTOR
Al Mawarid General Contracting

CURTAIN WALL
CONTRACTOR
Al Abbar Aluminium

TREMCO PRODUCTS USED


Proglaze II
œ High performance,
multi-component structural
silicone.
Tremsil 500
œ Neutral curing low modulus
silicone sealant.
SGT 9200 Tape
œ Closed cell, high density, PVC
foam structural glazing tape.

40
AL GURG - DEIRA, DUBAI, U.A.E.
CLIENT TREMCO PRODUCTS USED
Essa Al Gurg Proglaze II
œ High performance,
ARCHITECT multi-component structural
Norr Group Consultants silicone.
Tremsil 500
DATE OF COMPLETION œ Neutral curing low modulus
July 2002 silicone sealant.
SGT 9200 Tape
MAIN CONTRACTOR œ Closed cell, high density, PVC
Khansaheb foam structural glazing tape.
Dymonic NT
CURTAIN WALL œ One part low modulus
CONTRACTOR elastomeric polyurethane
Al Abbar Aluminium sealant.

SPECIAL FEATURES
2-sided SSG.

CRYSTAL PLAZA
- CORNICHE, SHARJAH, U.A.E.
CLIENT SGT 9200 Tape
Dubai Islamic Bank œ Closed cell, high density, PVC
foam structural glazing tape.
ARCHITECT Dymonic NT
Eng. Adnan Saffarini œ One part low modulus
elastomeric polyurethane
DATE OF COMPLETION sealant.
August 2003 PL 400
œ One part, multi-purpose gap
MAIN CONTRACTOR filling adhesive.
Trans Emirates Engineering
SPECIAL FEATURES
CURTAIN WALL 2-sided SSG.
CONTRACTOR
Al Abbar Aluminium OTHER INFORMATION
8,000 m² of Vulkem Car Park
Deck Coating System was
TREMCO PRODUCTS USED
applied by Al Nafea Schomburg.
Proglaze II
œ High performance,
multi-component structural
silicone.
Tremsil 500
œ Neutral curing low modulus
silicone sealant.

41
EUROPEAN & MIDDLE EASTERN OFFICES

Tremco Ltd (European Headquarters) Prosytec Italia SRL (Italy)


Slough, United Kingdom Milano, Italia
Tel: +44 (0)1753 691696 Tel: +39 02 98 281854
Fax: +44 (0)1753 822640 Fax: +39 02 98 280754

Tremco BV (Netherlands, Belgium) Rover S.R.O. (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland)


Apeldoorn, Nederland Liberec, Czech Republic
Tel: +31 (0)55 533 6062 Tel: +420 48 5100791
Fax: +31 (0)55 533 5044 Fax: +420 48 5100781

Tremco GmbH (Germany, Austria, M.U.E.P. (Hungary)


Switzerland) Budapest, Hungary
Würselen, Deutschland Tel: +36 1 218 1228
Tel/Fax: +49 (0)2405 426662 Fax: + 36 1 218 1218
Tremco AB (Sweden, Norway, Denmark)
Göteborg, Sverige
Tel: +46 (0)31 57 00 10 TREMCO REGIONAL
Fax: +46 (0)31 57 20 07

Oy Tremco Ltd (Finland, Baltic States,


OFFICES
Russia)
Tremco Inc (U.S.A.)
Helsinki, Finland
Beachwood, Ohio, U.S.A.
Tel: +358 (0)9 5499 4500
Tel: +1 216 292 5000
Fax: +358 (0)9 5499 4555
Fax: +1 216 766 5577
Tremco Ltd (Middle East)
Tremco Limited (Canada)
Dubai, UAE
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Tel: +971 4 347 0460
Tel: +1 416 421 3300
Fax: +971 4 347 1820
Fax: +1 416 467 2431
Tremco Ltd (Middle East)
Tremco Australia Pty Limited (Australia)
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Somersby, NSW, Australia
Tel: +966 5 440 7379
Tel: +61 43 404 666
Fax: +966 1 491 5804
Fax: +61 43 404 544
Tremco Ltd (Africa)
Tremco Asia PTE Ltd (Singapore)
Halfway House, South Africa
Singapore
Tel: +27 11 254 5583
Tel: +65 749 0883
Fax: +27 11 310 3274
Fax: +65 749 0038
Distributed by:
Tremco (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd
Prosytec SAS (France, Spain, Portugal) Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Velizy, France Tel: +603 784 63040
Tel: +33 (0)1 34 58 57 00 Fax: +603 784 63025
Fax: +33 (0)1 39 46 95 95

FM 01764

Tremco Limited - A company approved to BS EN ISO 9001:2000

‘TREMCO’ is a Registered Trademark

PUBLISHED BY TREMCO, 2005


abc
Tremco Limited (European Headquarters)
393 Edinburgh Avenue, Slough, Berkshire SL1 4UF UK
Telephone: 01753 691696 Facsimile: 01753 822640
abcd Website: www.tremcoeurope.com