Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

Pinned Base Plate Design

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

Bolts are designed for tension only. Shear key is provided to resist the shear. Shear resistance by
grout is considered while designing for shear key. Bolts are anchored in concrete pedestal. Pullout
strength from concrete is considered while arriving at length of the anchor bolt. Bolt lengths are shown
in TR Document no . 30.99.75.1610.( Anchor bolt & Fixings).Full strength of bolt is considered while
checking thickness of base plate in tension.

INPUT FROM STAAD

Horizontal Vertical Horizontal


Node L/C Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN
Max Fx 31 112 DS(1.2)+DO(1.2)+LL(1.2)+T-(1.2)+FF(-1.2)+AF(-1.2)+WX(-1.2)
127.2 478.9 4.4
Min Fx 32 110 DS(1.2)+DO(1.2)+LL(1.2)+T-(1.2)+FF(1.2)+AF(1.2)+WX(1.2)
-127.8 448.6 9.8
Max Fy 15 111 DS(1.2)+DO(1.2)+LL(1.2)+T+(1.2)+FF(-1.2)+AF(-1.2)+WX(-1.2)
68.4 528.0 6.9
Min Fy 32 116 DS(1.2)+DE(1.2)+LL(1.2)+FF(-1.2)+AF(-1.2)+WX(-1.2)+CR(1.2)+EM(1.2)
111.0 -165.5 -2.2
Max Fz 1 101 DS(1.4)+DO(1.6)+LL(1.6)+
-23.5 T+
159.8
(1.2)+FF(1.6)+ AF(1.6)+CR(1.4)+BL(1)
24.9
Min Fz 34 103 DS(1.4)+DO(1.6)+LL(1.6)+T+(1.2)+FF(-1.6)+AF(-1.6)+CR(1.4)+BL(1)
22.7 159.8 -26.1

COLUMN SECTION UC 356x368x129


Depth of section,h = 356 mm.
Flange width,b = 369 mm.
Web thickness, s = 10 mm.
Flange thickness,t = 18 mm.

clear spacing between the holes 124 mm.

70 Provide Base plate 440 x 420 x 25 with 4 no´s of


24 dia of bolts of grade 4.6
440 150
368.6 8 mm.

Dia of the bolt M 24


Grade of the bolt 4.6
355.6
230 clear spacing between the holes
45 45 204
420

CHECK FOR TENSION CAPACITY OF HOLDING DOWN BOLTS

Tension in each bolt = 41 kN


Tension capacity ,Pt = 68 kN Bolts are safe in Tension
Pt = 0 .8 p t A t
(Clause. 6.3.4.2 BS5950-1:2000)
where:
Pt = tension capacity in holding down bolts
pt = tension strength of bolt (clause. 6.3.4.2 BS5950-1:2000 pp.138)
At = tensile stress area specified in appropriate bolt standard
CHECK FOR BEARING STRESS ON CONCRETE

Characteristic cube strength of concrete, fcu = 40 N/sq.mm.


Bearing strength of concrete, 0.6fcu (clause 4.13.1 of BS 5950-1:2000) = 24 N/sq.mm.
Bearing stress on to the concrete = Fc/(Area provided ) = 2.9 N/sq.mm
Area of base plate provided = 184800 sq.mm. Safe in Bearing on Pedestal
Area of base plate required = 22000 sq.mm.

CHECK FOR THICKNESS OF BASE PLATE IN COMPRESSION

Effective area

For axial forces applied concentrically to the base plate, the thickness of the baseplate should not be
less than tp given by

[
t p = c 3w/ pyp ]
0.5
= 1 mm. (clause 4.13.2.2. of BS 5950-1:2000)
where
c is the larget perpendicular distance from the edge of effective portion of the baseplate to
the face of the column cross section , as shown in the figure above = 3 mm.
p yp is the design strength of the base plate (Table 9 BS 5950-1:2000) = 265 N/sq.mm.
T is the flange thickness(or maximum thickness of the column;
w is the pressure undere the baseplate, based on an assumed uniform distribution of
pressure through out the effective portion = 24 N/sq.mm.

Effective area in mm = 2 * { (2c+b) (2c+t) } + { (2c+s) * [ h - 2 * (c+t) ] }


= (after 22000
solving for c by equating with area provided)

CHECK FOR THICKNESS OF BASE PLATE IN TENSION

Tension capacity of the holding down bolt used,Pt = 68 kN


df = 45 mm. should not be less than 36 (Clause 6.2.2 of BS 5950-1:2000)
dw = 70 mm. should not be less than 36 (Clause 6.2.2 of BS 5950-1:2000)
Bending moment about flange ,M = Pt x df = 3070 kN-mm.
Thickness of the base plate with M about flange= √( (6xM)/(pyp x(b/2)) = 19 mm.
Bending moment about web ,M = 2 x Pt x dw = 9462 kN-mm.
Thickness of the base plate with M about web = √( (6xM)/(pyp xh)) = 25 mm.
Provide baseplate thickness = 25 mm.
CHECK FOR WELDING

Design strength of the weld = 220 N/sq.mm. (Table 37 of BS5950-1:2000)


Weld size = 8 mm. (Table 5.8 of AWS D 1.1)
Throat thickness for the fillet weld = 6 mm. (Clause 6.8.7.1 of BS 5950-1:2000)
Shear force is acting through CG of the weld
Hence shear capacity of the weld = weld length x throat thickness of the weld x design strength

Check for shear capacity of weld along web of column

Shear
Resultant strength of
shear (kN) weld (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 876 Safe in shear
Min Fx 128 876 Safe in shear
Max Fy 69 876 Safe in shear
Min Fy 111 876 Safe in shear
Max Fz 34 876 Safe in shear
Min Fz 35 876 Safe in shear

Check for shear capacity of weld along flange of column


Shear
Resultant strength of
shear (kN) weld (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 1816 safe in shear
Min Fx 128 876 safe in shear
Max Fy 69 876 safe in shear
Min Fy 111 876 safe in shear
Max Fz 34 876 safe in shear
Min Fz 35 876 safe in shear
x
DESIGN FOR SHEAR KEY
ROLLED SECTION PROVIDED AS SHEAR KEY z
Shear Key section = UC 152x152x23 Staad Notation
Depth of section,h = 152 mm.
base plate shear key
Width of section,b = 152 mm.
Web thickness, s = 6 mm.
Flange thickness,t = 7 mm. column
Plastic Modulus about major axis = 182000 cu.mm.
Plastic Modulus about minor axis = 80200 cu.mm. Grout
Design strength = 265 N/sq.mm.
Depth of shearkey ds = 150 mm. g
Thickness of grout,g = 25 mm. ds
Elastic neutral axis of section, Cy = #N/A

CHECK FOR BEARING Section B-B


6
Bearing strength of concrete, 0.6fcu = 24 N/sq.mm. (clause 4.13.1 of BS 5950-1:2000)
Bearing pressure on concrete
In Z-direction shear force,Fz = 476
Fz / (h* (ds-g)) = 25 N/sq.mm. Change section
In X-direction shear force Fx = 130
Fx / (b*(ds-g) = 7 N/sq.mm. Safe in bearing on concrete
CHECK FOR SHEAR
Shear capacity Pv is given by Pv = 0 .6 p y A v (clause 4.2.3 of BS 5950-1:2000)
Shear Resistance offer by grout = 0.45 x Fy
check for shear along the depth of the web
Vertical Shear
resistance Shear
Resultant by grout Net shear force to be Capacity of
shear (kN) Fy (kN) (kN) taken by shear key (kN) the key (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 479 216 0 141 Safe in shear
Min Fx 128 449 202 0 141 Safe in shear
Max Fy 69 528 238 0 141 Safe in shear
Min Fy 111 -166 0 111 141 Safe in shear
Max Fz 34 160 72 0 141 Safe in shear
Min Fz 35 160 72 0 141 Safe in shear

shear force along the flange. of the section

Resultant Vertical Shear Net shear force to be Shear


shear (kN) Fy (kN) resistance taken by shear key (kN) Capacity of Check
Max Fx 127 479 216 0 329 Safe in shear
Min Fx 128 449 202 0 329 Safe in shear
Max Fy 69 528 238 0 329 Safe in shear
Min Fy 111 -166 0 111 329 Safe in shear
Max Fz 34 160 72 0 329 Safe in shear
Min Fz 35 160 72 0 329 Safe in shear
CHECK FOR BENDING STRESS
Moment about X-axis = Fz x ((ds-g)/2+g) = 42 kN-m.
Bending stress about minor axis of key = 519 N/sq.mm.
Moment about Z-axis = Fx x ((ds-g)/2+g) = 11 kN-m.
Bending stress about minor axis of key = 63 N/sq.mm.

Biaxial bending stress on ratio 2.2 Change section

CHECK FOR WELDING


Design strength of the weld = 220 N/sq.mm. (Table 37 of BS5950-1:2000)
Weld size = 6 mm. (Table 5.8 of AWS D 1.1)
Throat thickness for the fillet weld = 4 mm. (Clause 6.8.7.1 of BS 5950-1:2000)
Shear force is acting through CG of the weld

Hence shear capacity of the weld = weld length x throat thickness of the weld x design strength

Check for shear capacity of weld along depth of web


Vertical Shear
resistance Shear
Resultant by grout Net shear force to be strength of
shear (kN) Fy (kN) (kN) taken by shear key (kN) weld (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 479 216 0 282 Safe in shear
Min Fx 128 449 202 0 282 Safe in shear
Max Fy 69 528 238 0 282 Safe in shear
Min Fy 111 -166 0 111 282 Safe in shear
Max Fz 34 160 72 0 282 Safe in shear
Min Fz 35 160 72 0 282 Safe in shear
Check for shear capacity of weld along width of flange
Vertical Shear
resistance Shear
Resultant by grout Net shear force to be strength of
shear (kN) Fy (kN) (kN) taken by shear key (kN) weld (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 479 216 0 552 safe in shear
Min Fx 128 449 202 0 552 safe in shear
Max Fy 69 528 238 0 552 safe in shear
Min Fy 111 -166 0 111 552 safe in shear
Max Fz 34 160 72 0 552 safe in shear
Min Fz 35 160 72 0 552 safe in shear

DESIGN FOR SHEAR KEY Staad Notation


PLATE SECTION PROVIDED AS SHEAR KEY x

Width of shear key plate, Ws = 250 mm. z


Length of shear kay plate, Ls = 150 mm. Ls
baseplate
Thickness of shear key,ts = 20 mm.
Grout
Plastic Modulus about z - axis = 325500 cu.mm. Ws
Plastic Modulus about x - axis = 135500 cu.mm. A A
Design strength (Table 9 of BS 5950-1:2000) = 265 N/sq.mm. Plan shearkey
Depth of shearkey ds = 160 mm. g ds
Thickness of grout,g = 25 mm.
Section A-A
8
CHECK FOR BEARING ON CONCRETE

Bearing strength of concrete, 0.6fcu = 24 N/sq.mm. (clause 4.13.1 of BS 5950-1:2000)


Bearing pressure on concrete
In Z-direction shear force,Fz = 101
Fz / (Ws* (ds-g)) = 3 N/sq.mm. Safe in Bearing on concrete
In X-direction shear force Fx = 217
Fx / (Ls*(ds-g) = 11 N/sq.mm. Safe in Bearing on concrete

CHECK FOR SHEAR

Shear capacity Pv is given by Pv = 0 .6 p y A v (clause 4.2.3 of BS 5950-1:2000)


Shear Resistance offer by grout = 0.45 x Fy
check for shear along Width of shear key
Vertical Shear
resistance Shear
Resultant by grout Net shear force to be Capacity of
shear (kN) Fy (kN) (kN) taken by shear key (kN) the key (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 479 216 0 795 Safe in Shear
Min Fx 128 449 202 0 795 Safe in Shear
Max Fy 69 528 238 0 795 Safe in Shear
Min Fy 111 -166 0 111 795 Safe in Shear
Max Fz 34 160 72 0 795 Safe in Shear
Min Fz 35 160 72 0 795 Safe in Shear

check for shear along Length of shear key


Vertical Shear
resistance Shear
Resultant by grout Net shear force to be Capacity of
shear (kN) Fy (kN) (kN) taken by shear key (kN) the key (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 479 216 0 477 Safe in shear
Min Fx 128 449 202 0 477 Safe in shear
Max Fy 69 528 238 0 477 Safe in shear
Min Fy 111 -166 0 111 477 Safe in shear
Max Fz 34 160 72 0 477 Safe in shear
Min Fz 35 160 72 0 477 Safe in shear

CHECK FOR BENDING STRESS

Moment about X-axis = Fz x ((ds-g)/2+g) = 9 kN-m.


Bending stress about x - axis of shear key = 69 N/sq.mm.
Moment about Z-axis = Fx x ((ds-g)/2+g) = 20 kN-m.
Bending stress about z - axis of shear key = 62 N/sq.mm.

Biaxial bending stress on ratio 0.5 Safe in bending

CHECK FOR WELDING

Design strength of the weld = 220 N/sq.mm. (Table 37 of BS5950-1:2000)


Weld size = 8 mm. (Table 5.8 of AWS D 1.1)
Throat thickness for the fillet weld = 6 mm. (Clause 6.8.7.1 of BS 5950-1:2000)
Shear force is acting through CG of the weld
Hence shear capacity of the weld = weld length x throat thickness of the weld x design strength
Check for shear capacity of weld along Width of shear key
Vertical
Shear
resistance Shear
Resultant by grout Net shear force to be strength of
shear (kN) Fy (kN) (kN) taken by shear key (kN) weld (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 479 216 0 616 Safe in shear
Min Fx 128 449 202 0 616 Safe in shear
Max Fy 69 528 238 0 616 Safe in shear
Min Fy 111 -166 0 111 616 Safe in shear
Max Fz 34 160 72 0 616 Safe in shear
Min Fz 35 160 72 0 616 Safe in shear

Check for shear capacity of weld along Length of shear key


Vertical Shear
resistance Shear
Resultant by grout Net shear force to be strength of
shear (kN) Fy (kN) (kN) taken by shear key (kN) weld (kN) Check
Max Fx 127 479 216 0 370 safe in shear
Min Fx 128 449 202 0 370 safe in shear
Max Fy 69 528 238 0 370 safe in shear
Min Fy 111 -166 0 111 370 safe in shear
Max Fz 34 160 72 0 370 safe in shear
Min Fz 35 160 72 0 370 safe in shear