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RESULTS

Data collected for Experiment 1:

Table 1: Rotational Speed and Flow Rate for P1

SPEED (RPM) FLOW RATE (%)

2800 68.3

2600 62.5

2400 52.7

2200 47.2

2000 41.7

1800 37.9

1600 31.8

1400 27.5

1200 22.5

1000 18.2

800 13.8

600 9.0
Volume of Q was calculated by using the formula

𝑞 113.56 × 60 𝑞 113.56 × 60
a) Q = 100 × b) Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

q = flow rate (%) q = flow rate (%)

when q = 68.3 when q = 62.5


68.3 113.56 × 60 62.5 113.56 × 60
Q= × Q= ×
100 1000 100 1000

Q = 4. 65 m3/hr Q = 4.25 m3/hr

𝑞 113.56 × 60 𝑞 113.56 × 60
c) Q = 100 × d) Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

q = flow rate (%) q = flow rate (%)

when q = 52.7 when q = 47.2


52.7 113.56 × 60 47.2 113.56 × 60
Q= × Q= ×
100 1000 100 1000

Q = 3.60 m3/hr Q = 3.22 m3/hr

𝑞 113.56 × 60 𝑞 113.56 × 60
e) Q = 100 × f) Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

q = flow rate (%) q = flow rate (%)

when q = 41.7 when q = 37.9


41.7 113.56 × 60 37.9 113.56 × 60
Q= × Q= ×
100 1000 100 1000

Q = 2.84 m3/hr Q = 2.58 m3/hr

𝑞 113.56 × 60 𝑞 113.56 × 60
g) Q = 100 × h) Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

q = flow rate (%) q = flow rate (%)

when q = 31.8 when q = 27.5


31.8 113.56 × 60 27.5 113.56 × 60
Q= × Q= ×
100 1000 100 1000

Q = 2.17 m3/hr Q = 1.87 m3/hr


𝑞 113.56 × 60 𝑞 113.56 × 60
i) Q = 100 × j) Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

q = flow rate (%) q = flow rate (%)

when q = 22.5 when q = 18.2


22.5 113.56 × 60 18.2 113.56 × 60
Q= × Q= ×
100 1000 100 1000

Q = 1.53 Q = 1.24

𝑞 113.56 × 60 𝑞 113.56 × 60
k) Q = 100 × l) Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

q = flow rate (%) q = flow rate (%)

when q = 13.8 when q = 9.0


13.8 113.56 × 60 9.0 113.56 × 60
Q= × Q = 100 ×
100 1000 1000

Q = 0.94 m3/hr Q = 0.61 m3/hr


SPEED (RPM) FLOW RATE VOLUME FLOW, Q
(m3/hr)
2800 68.3 4.65

2600 62.5 4.25

2400 52.7 3.60

2200 47.2 3.22

2000 41.7 2.84

1800 37.9 2.58

1600 31.8 2.17

1400 27.5 1.87

1200 22.5 1.53

1000 18.2 1.24

800 13.8 0.94

600 9.0 0.61

Rotational Speed (N) vs Volume Flow (Q)


3000
Rotational Speed (RPM)

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0
0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00
Volume Flow (m3/ hr)
Data collected for Experiment 2:

FLOW RATE (%) SPEED DIFF. PRESSURE POWER

50 2805 44.3 0.57

40 2819 50.3 0.55

30 2837 55.2 0.52

20 2856 58.9 0.49

10 2871 61.4 0.45


Volume of Q was calculated by using the formula

𝑞 113.56 × 60 𝑞 113.56 × 60
a) Q = 100 × b) Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

q = flow rate (%) q = flow rate (%)

when q = 50 when q = 40
50 113.56 × 60 40 113.56 × 60
Q = 100 × Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

Q = 3.41 m3/hr Q = 2.73 m3/hr

𝑞 113.56 × 60 𝑞 113.56 × 60
c) Q = 100 × d) Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

q = flow rate (%) q = flow rate (%)

when q = 30 when q = 20
30 113.56 × 60 20 113.56 × 60
Q = 100 × Q = 100 ×
1000 1000

Q = 2.04 m3/hr Q = 1.36 m3/hr

𝑞 113.56 × 60
e) Q = 100 × 1000

q = flow rate (%)

when q = 10
10 113.56 × 60
Q = 100 × 1000

Q = 0.68 m3/hr
PMi is calculated as below:

a) PMi = Power (kW) x 1000 b) PMi = Power (kW) x 1000

when power = 0.57 when power = 0.55


1000𝑊 1000𝑊
PMi = 0.57𝑘𝑊 × PMi = 0.55𝑘𝑊 ×
1𝑘𝑊 1𝑘𝑊

PMi = 570 W PMi = 550 W

c) PMi = Power (kW) x 1000 d) PMi = Power (kW) x 1000

when power = 0.52 when power = 0.49


1000𝑊 1000𝑊
PMi = 0.52𝑘𝑊 × PMi = 0.49𝑘𝑊 ×
1𝑘𝑊 1𝑘𝑊

PMi = 520 W PMi = 490 W

e) PMi = Power (kW) x 1000

when power = 0.45


1000𝑊
PMi = 0.45𝑘𝑊 × 1𝑘𝑊

PMi = 450 W
i. Motor Input Power (PMi) VS Volume Flow Rate (Q)

FLOW RATE (%) Volume Flow Rate, POWER (Kw) Motor Input Power,
Q (m3/hr) PMi (W)

50 3.41 0.57 570

40 2.73 0.55 550

30 2.04 0.52 520

20 1.36 0.49 490

10 0.68 0.45 450

Motor Input Power (PMi) vs Volume Flow Rate (Q)


600
Motor Input Power (W)

500

400

300

200

100

0
0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00
Volume Flow Rate (m3/ hr)
ii. Pump Total Head (H) VS Volume Flow Rate (Q)

Pump Total Head is calculated by using formula as below:

a) When DP = 44.3
𝑁
44.3 3 𝑏𝑎𝑟 × 10.2 ×104 2 .𝑏𝑎𝑟
H = (0.86m – 0.18m) + x 𝑘𝑔
𝑚
𝑚
100 1000 3 × 9.81 2
𝑚 𝑠

H = 14.50m

b) When DP = 50.3
𝑁
50.3 3 𝑏𝑎𝑟 × 10.2 ×104 2 .𝑏𝑎𝑟
H = (0.86m – 0.18m) + 100
x 𝑘𝑔
𝑚
𝑚
1000 3 × 9.81 2
𝑚 𝑠

H = 16.37m

c) When DP = 55.2
𝑁
55.2 3 𝑏𝑎𝑟 × 10.2 ×104 2 .𝑏𝑎𝑟
H = (0.86m – 0.18m) + x 𝑘𝑔
𝑚
𝑚
100 1000 3 × 9.81 2
𝑚 𝑠

H = 17.90m
d) When DP = 58.9
𝑁
58.9 3 𝑏𝑎𝑟 × 10.2 ×104 2 .𝑏𝑎𝑟
H = (0.86m – 0.18m) + x 𝑘𝑔
𝑚
𝑚
100 1000 3 × 9.81 2
𝑚 𝑠

H = 19.05m

e) When DP = 61.4
𝑁
61.4 3 𝑏𝑎𝑟 × 10.2 ×104 2 .𝑏𝑎𝑟
H = (0.86m – 0.18m) + x 𝑘𝑔
𝑚
𝑚
100 1000 3 × 9.81 2
𝑚 𝑠

H = 19.83m

VOLUME FLOW ZC2 – ZC1 (m) DIFF PRESSURE, PUMP TOTAL


RATE, Q (m3/hr) D (%) HEAD, H (m)

3.41 0.68 44.3 14.50

2.73 0.68 50.3 16.37

2.04 0.68 55.2 17.90

1.36 0.68 58.9 19.05

0.68 0.68 61.4 19.83

Pump Total Head (H) vs Volume Flow Rate (Q)


25.00

20.00
Pump Total Head (m)

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00
0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50
Volume Flow Rate (m3/ hr)
iii. PUMP POWER OUTPUT (PO) VS VOLUME FLOW RATE (Q)

Pump Power Output was obtained by calculate using formula as below:

When H = 14.5m, Q = 3.41 m3/hr

𝑘𝑔 𝑚 𝑚3 1ℎ𝑟
Po = (1000 × 9.81 × 14.5𝑚 × 3.41 ) ×
𝑚3 𝑠2 ℎ𝑟 3600𝑠

Po = 134.74 W

When H = 16.37m, Q = 2.73 m3/hr

𝑘𝑔 𝑚 𝑚3 1ℎ𝑟
Po = (1000 × 9.81 × 16.37𝑚 × 2.73 ) ×
𝑚3 𝑠2 ℎ𝑟 3600𝑠

Po = 121.78 W

When H = 17.90m, Q = 2.04 m3/hr

𝑘𝑔 𝑚 𝑚3 1ℎ𝑟
Po = (1000 × 9.81 × 17.90𝑚 × 2.04 ) ×
𝑚3 𝑠2 ℎ𝑟 3600𝑠

Po = 99.51 W
When H = 19.05m, Q = 1.36 m3/hr

𝑘𝑔 𝑚 𝑚3 1ℎ𝑟
Po = (1000 × 9.81 × 19.05𝑚 × 1.36 ) ×
𝑚3 𝑠2 ℎ𝑟 3600𝑠

Po = 70.60 W

When H = 19.83m, Q = 0.68 m3/hr

𝑘𝑔 𝑚 𝑚3 1ℎ𝑟
Po = (1000 × 9.81 × 19.83𝑚 × 0.68 ) ×
𝑚3 𝑠2 ℎ𝑟 3600𝑠

Po = 36.74 W

VOLUME FLOW RATE, Q PUMP TOTAL HEAD, H (m) PUMP POWER OUTPUT
(m3/hr) (W)
3.41 14.50 134.74

2.73 16.37 121.78

2.04 17.90 99.51

1.36 19.05 70.60

0.68 19.83 36.74

Pump Power Output (Po) vs Volume Flow Rate (Q)


120.00
Pump Power Output (W)

100.00

80.00

60.00

40.00

20.00

0.00
0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00
Volume Flow Rate (m3/ hr)
iv. PUMP POEWR INPUT VS VOLUME FLOW RATE

Pump Power Input, Pi was calculated by using formula below:

a) When PMi = 570 b) When PMi = 550

Pi = (570-70) W Pi = (550-70) W

Pi = 500 W Pi = 480 W
c) When PMi = 520 d) When PMi = 490

Pi = (520-70) W Pi = (490-70) W

Pi = 450 W Pi = 420 W
e) When PMi = 450

Pi = (450-70) W

Pi = 380 W
VOLUME FLOW Motor Input Power, Pp1min (W) PUMP POWER
RATE, Q (m3/hr) PMi (W) INPUT, Pi (W)
3.41 570 70 500

2.73 550 70 480

2.04 520 70 450

1.36 490 70 420

0.68 450 70 380

Pump Power Input (Pi) vs Volume Flow Rate (Q)


600

500
Pump Power Input (W)

400

300

200

100

0
0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00
Volume Flow Rate (m3/ hr)