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Er.Pawan Dhagate
• An excellent way is the conference technique where the key
people concerned with the planning and execution of the
project meet and discuss different issues .
• Following are the commonly used methods for planning –
• C.P.M
• P.E.R.T
• Bar charts
(Critical Path Method )
• The technique of CPM is devised to plan and manage all types
of construction projects .
• It is known by various terms ,such as network analysis ,critical
path analysis etc
• However ,It is popularly referred as Critical Path Method i.e
(Critical Path Method )
• Effective tool for construction engineers ,planners ,cost
estimators ,managers and Directors .
• Major Benefits of CPM are simplicity flexibility and overall
• Useful for various managerial functions such as planning
,scheduling and controlling a project and more specially to
determine time schedule of project .
(Critical Path Method )
• The planning part of the project involves the break down of
the project into several smaller tasks (i.e Activities ) that must
be executed in order to complete the project
• The gross requirement of manpower,machine
and material are determined in this phase .
The estimates of cost and duration for various activities and jobs
are also prepared in the planning stage.
How does it work ??? C.P.M
• Network Analysis
• The basic data to be collected before the application of C.P.M
is attempted for a particular project are
• Calculating quantities and costs of all possible items of the
• Estimating the normal time required to complete each
operation .Thus the normal cost and time data for each
operation is worked out .
How does it work ??? C.P.M
• The basic info is received and revised through various possible
steps to complete the project in the most economic way .
• The variations which might be considered include the use of
alternative equipments changing of gangs of workers
,adopting better construction methods ,increasing the working
hours etc
Specimen C.P.M
P.E.R.T ( Program Evaluation and
Review Technique )
• This techniques introduces the element of uncertainity into
time estimates of all the activities of a project .
• Basically PERT is required where utility data is not available &
where activities associated with the project require R & D of
particular project .
• Hence This is not commonly used for smaller & simpler
construction projects .
• Bar chart of a particular building/project from
commencement right through to completion ,can be prepared
as per the requirement and priority of particular building .
• If RCC work is complete then masonry & other work
completion can be planned and bar chart for all further
activities can be prepared according to the schedule work
Specimen of Bar Chart
Specimen of Bar Chart


Period In Months
Intermediate Works Stage
• A bar chart may be raised at various stages of work according
to the requirements like –
*Bar Chart for Complete Building
*Bar Chart after RCC works
*Bar Chart after masonry /plaster work
*Bar Chart at the time of possession
Interpretations from BAR Chart
• Total Time required for particular activity.
• Schedule of material required.
• Labour strength required for each activity
• Machinery requirements
• Preparation before each activity.
• Co ordination with contractors
• Updated progress work
• Reason for delays
• Contractors payments requirements
• Total Finance requirements schedule .
Er.Pawan Dhagate