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GENERAL PRACTICES

MANUAL

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

NOT AI RCRAFT

WHEELS

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

SUBJECT

Title Page

Record of Revisions

List of Effective Pages

Table of Contents

Introduction

Description and Object

Semi -Automated Eddy Current

Manual Eddy Current

DA 1/3133/50

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1

2

1

2

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101 101

102 102

103 103

104 104

105 105

106

106

201

201

202 202

203 203

204

204

205

205

206

206

207

207

208

208

PRINTED IN ENGLAND

DATE

May 21/84

II

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May 21/84

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May

21/84

May 21/84

May

21/84

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May 21/84

May

21/84

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20-00-01

List of Effective

Pages

List of Effective Pages

Page 1/2 Blank

Page 1/2 Blank

May 21/84

May

21/84

ÿ

ItUWIsOM* LMSITEIJ

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~ DUN~O.P

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

NDT AI RCRAFT

WHEELS

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

DESCRIPTION AND OBJECT

Description

•«

*

«

ÿ

• •

Areas to be Inspected

Methods of

Inspection

SEMI -AUTOMATED EDDY CURRENT

• •

Page

1

1

1

2

< ÿ -

Introduction

101

Scan Pattern

101

Wheel Preparation

101

"Metoptic EM12" Inspection System

102

ÿ

Description

Description

System

System Operation

Operation

Interpretation

Interpretation

"Inspection Instruments Eddyprobe 4" System

Description

Description

System Operation

System

Operation

Interpretation

Interpretation

MANUAL EDDY CURRENT

Introduction

Inspection Probes

Calibration Samples

Calibration Procedure

Systems

Using a Meter Display

Systems Using a Meter Display

Systems Using a Chart Recorder

Systems Using a Chart Recorder

Systems Using a Storage Oscilloscope

Systems

Using a

Storage Oscilloscope

DA 1/3133/50

2:0-00-01

20-00-01

printed in England

1 03

201

201

201 201

201 201

202 202

'CONT8NTS

CONTENTS

Page 1

Page 1

May 21/84

May 21/84

ÿnrjvxop

~ DUNZ,OP

XjImeiteb

Z,l'lWZTBD

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

INTRODUCTION

This

This General Practices Manual contains information on detailed examination of

on

General

Practices

Manual contains

information

detailed

examination

of

aircraft wheels for cracks

down

down by Dunlop Aviation.

by

Dunlop

aircraft wheels

for cracks using Non-Destructive

using Non-Destructive

Aviation.

This manual

This manual will

will

be

Testing

Testing

updated

Techniques

Techniques

and when

laid

as laid

as

be updated as and when new types

as

new

types

of

of equipment become available.

equipment

become available.

If further

If further information

information

required

is required contact

is

contact

Dunlop Aviation Division, Holbrook Lane, Coventry.

Dunlop

Aviation

Division, Holbrook Lane,

Coventry.

DA 1/3133/50

20—OCHOi

Introduction

Introduction

May 21/84

May 21/84

ÿ BEJWLOM*

~ DUN~O.P ~.I1f6Zr.BD

MjjnXITEUJ

GENERAL

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

MANUAL

PRACTICES

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

NDT AI RCRAFT WHEELS

Wheel

Wheel Preparation

Preparation

Inspection

Flange

Peripheries of

Flange Rim/Tyre

Peripheries

Rim/Tyre Seat

Seat

of Bolt Holes

Bolt Holes

Radii

Radii in Nut and Bolt Head Seats

in

Nut

and

Bolt Head

Seats

Peripheries of

·0·

'O'

Peripheries

Ring

Seal

of Ventilation/Lightening

Groove

Ventilation/Lightening Holes

Holes

Ring Seal Groove

Radii Under

Radii Under Drive Block Abutments

Drive Block Abutments

Web Radii

Web Radii

Lock

Lock Ring Groove

Ring

Groove

Inner Wall

Inner Wall Radii in Centre Flange

Radii

in

Centre Flange

Interpretation

Sentencing

ILLUSTRATIONS

NDT Specified Inspection

NDT

Specified Inspection Areas Main

Areas Main Wheel (Typical)

Wheel

(Typical)

Typical Circumferential Scan

Typical

Circumferential

Scan Pattern

Pattern

Typical "Metoptic

Typical IIMetoptic EM12 Test Set Up

11

Test Set Up

EM12"

Typical "Inspection Instrument Eddyprobe 4"

Typical

IIlnspection

Instrument Eddyprobe 4

11

Typical Circumferential Scan

Typical Sinusoidal Scan

Typical Circumferential

Typical

Sinusoidal

Scan Pattern

Pattern

Pattern

Scan Pattern

Test Set Up

Test

Set

Up

Typical Scan

Typical Scan

Typical Scan Paths Peripheries of Bolt Holes

Typical

Paths

Peripheries of Bolt Holes

Nut and Bolt Head

Seat

Scan Path Nut and Bolt

Path

Head Seat Radii

Radii

Typical Scan

Typical

Scan Path Peripheries

Path

Peripheries of Ventilation/

of Ventilation/

Lightening Holes

Lightening Holes

Path

Scan Path

'0·

'O'

Scan Pattern

Typical Scan

Typical Scan

Typical

Typical

Ring Seal

Ring Seal Groove

Drive

Drive

Groove

Pattern Radii Under

Radii Under

Typical Scan

Typical

Scan Path Web Radii

Path

Web

Radii

Block Abutments

Block Abutments

Typical Scan

Typical

Scan Paths Lock Ring Groove

Paths

Lock Ring Groove

Typical Scan

Typical

Scan Patterns I nner Wall Radii

Patterns Inner Wall Radii

Fig.

Fig.

1

1

101

101

102

102

103

103

201

201

202

202

203

203

204

204

205 205

206

206

207

207

208

208

209

209

210

210

Page

Page

202

202

203

208

208

DA 1/3133/50

20-00-0 1

20-00-01

printed in England

CONTENTS

CONT£NT·8~

2

Page

Page 2

May 21/84

May

21/84

f

,_/

~llWZrED

~DI7N~DP

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

NOT AI RCRAFT WHEELS

1. Description

Maintenance Manual for an aircraft

section of the Component

In the 'Check'

illustration details the areas in which NOT inspection is

wheel a sectional

the common

A large number of these areas can be covered by

required.

inspection techniques outlined in this manual. Areas specific to a particu-

wheel Component Maintenance

in the relevant

lar wheel only will be covered

Manual.

reveal fatigue

that will

of this manual to detail techniques

It is the object

long 0,25 mm

wheels in the order of 2 mm (0.08 in.)

of aircraft

cracking

in.) deep.

(0.01

method of inspection

area, preferred

critical

Flange rim/tyre seat:

A.

Semi-Automated Eddy Current.

Particular care must be paid to the inspection of the flange rim/

small cracks and defects in

seat area (reference area A) as

tyre

in rapid crack propagation, causing a

sec-

this area may result

It is important that the tech-

tion of flange to become detached.

are capable of finding defects of the order des-

niques employed

para.2 Object.

in

cribed

20-00-0'1

Page 1

May 21/84

ÿ

r

1.

2.

3.

DWJWLOI*

limited

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

NDT

AIRCRAFT WHEELS

DESCRIPTION AND OBJECT

Description

In the 'Check'

section of the Component

Maintenance

Manual

for

an

aircraft

wheel

a

sectional

illustration

details

the areas in which NDT inspection is

required.

inspection techniques outlined in this manual.

A

large number of these areas can be covered by

the

common

Areas specific to a particu¬

lar wheel only will be covered

Manual.

in

the

relevant

wheel

Component

Maintenance

Object

It

is

the object

of

this manual

cracking of aircraft

wheels

(0.01 in.) deep.

in

to

detail

the order

techniques

that

of

2

mm

(0.08

will

in.)

Areas to be Inspected (Figure 1)

reveal

fatigue

long

0,25

mm

The areas to be inspected are illustrated in Figure 1 and listed below:

A.

Flange

rim/tyre seat:

Semi-Automated

Eddy

critical

Current.

area,

B. Peripheries of bolt holes.

C. Radii in nut and bolt head seats.

preferred

method

of

inspection

D. Peripheries of ventilation holes.

E. 'O' ring seal groove.

F. Radii under drive block abutments.

G.

H.

I.

Web radii

Lock ring groove

Inner wall radii in centre flange

)

\

)

)

)

)

Not indicated in

Figure 1

NOTE:

Particular care must be paid to the inspection

of

the

flange

rim/

tyre

this

seat

area

area

may

(reference area

A)

as

small cracks and defects

in

result

in rapid crack propagation, causing a sec¬

tion of flange to become detached.

niques

cribed

It is important that the tech¬

employed

in

para.2

are

capable

of

finding defects of the order des¬

Object.

20-00-01

Page

1

~.llWITED

~DI7NLOP

MANUAL

GENERAL PRACTICES

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

method of inspec-

inspection is the preferred

Semi-Automated Eddy Current

A number of test sets and techniques

seat area.

to tyre

tion for the flange

Reference should also be

are available, examples of which are described.

made to test set manufacturers instructions.

is nor-

used in a semi-automated eddy current technique

The scan pattern

The pitch of the scan

in Figure 101.

as illustrated

mally circumferential,

The

by the type of test set and probe used.

com-

path being determined

on large wheels the mini-

plete barrel area of the wheel may be scanned,

to be 50 mm (2 in.).

seat area scanned is

mum amount of tyre

SCj~P'T(:H,J·

R.··.·.··.R··.·.·•• R•••·.~·I;'~:R-:-_-I·.·.·.·.E· ••··E-B.· ••••_• ; R

)

(

detailed in 'Cleaning' section of Compo-

Clean the area to be inspected as

Remove loose paint and tyre rubber in the

nent Maintenance Manual.

seat area.

flange rim radius and tyre

20--00-01

Page 101

ÿivrjvxoF

linsiteij

GENERAL PRACTICES

MANUAL

NDT

AIRCRAFT

WHEELS

SEMI-AUTOMATED EDDY CURRENT

1.

Introduction

Semi-Automated

tion for

Eddy Current

to

tyre

seat

inspection

area.

A

the

flange

is the

preferred

method

number

of

test

sets

and

of

inspec¬

techniques

are available,

made to test set manufacturers instructions.

examples

of

which

are

described.

Reference

should also

be

2. Scan Pattern

The

scan

pattern

used

in

a

semi-automated

eddy

current

mally

path

plete

mum

circumferential,

as

illustrated

in

being

determined

by

of the

tyre seat

the

wheel

area

barrel area

amount

of

type

may

of

be

scanned

Figure

101.

test

set

scanned,

is

to

be

and

on

50

The

probe

large

mm

(2

technique

is

pitch

of

used.

the

The

nor¬

scan

com¬

wheels

in.).

the

mini¬

%

SCAN

PITCH

J 0 PC 9622

ISS I

Typical Circumferential Scan Pattern

3. Wheel Preparation

Clean

nent

the

area

to

Maintenance

flange

rim

radius

Figure 101

be

inspected

as

detailed in 'Cleaning' section of Compo¬

Manual.

and

tyre

Remove loose paint and

seat area.

tyre rubber in the

20-00-01

VE~TILATION I

VENTILATION/

LIGHTENING

LIGHTENING HOLES

HOLES

(BOTH

(BOTH HALF HUBS)

HALF

HUBS)

DOG

DRIVE DOG

DRIVE

ABUTMENTS

ABUTMENTS

(BRAKE

HALF

(BRAKE SIDE

HALF HUB)

SIDE

HUB)

ÿ

~DUN~OP

utJisrisOjp JL/Mirri?

~llWZTBD

GENERAL PRACTICES

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

MANUAL

NDT

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

AIRCRAFT WHEELS

0*C 9631

ISS I

FLANGES/TYRE SEAT

AREAS

(BOTH HALF HUBS)

'O'RING SEAL

0'

RING

SEAL

GROOVE

GROOVE

(BRAKE SIDE

HALF HUB)

HALF

HUB)

(BRAKE

SIDE

BOLT HOLES

(BOTH HALF HUBS)

COUNTER BORES

(BOTH HALF HUBS)

NDT Specified Inspection Areas Main Wheel (Typical)

Figure 1

4. Methods of Inspection

The methods of inspection described and page number blocks allocated are:

1. Semi-Automated Eddy Current

Page block 101 - 200.

2. Manual Eddy Current

Page block 201 - 300.

NOTE:

To carry out adequate and effective crack detection using Eddy

To

carry out adequate and

effective

crack

detection

using

Eddy

Current Equipment a trained operator should be available and

Current Equipment a

trained

operator

should

be

available

and

the limitations of the techniques and test equipment appreciated.

the limitations of the techniques

and test equipment appreciated.

DAI/3133/50

printed in England

20-00-01

Page 2

Page

2

May 21/84

May

21/84

dwjwijOi*

~DI7N~OP

r/jifirru

~.IM'Z7'BD

GENERAL PRACTICES

GENERAL PRACTICES

NDT AIRCRAFT

NOT AIRCRAFT

MANUAL

MANUAL

WHEELS

WHEELS

WHEEL UNDER TEST

LEAD SCREW

PROBE CARRIAGE

000\=U

o

o

o

CRACK DETECTOR AND

CRACK

DETECTOR

AND

RECORDER UNIT

RECORDER

UNIT

WHEEL ADAPTER

PROBE

PROBE

PROBE ARM

ARM

PROBE ARM

PROBE

ARM

GUIDE

GUIDE

RAM

RAM

/

WHEEL TEST

RIG

oQo 000

I

: 0 0 i I 0 N. /— 1 I '
:
0 0
i
I
0
N.
/—
1
I
'

~~~/I'J[ ~:,~qbl>

y

\/

t>l»8

'"2

Q6I5

CONTROL PANEL

CONTROL

PANEL

PROXIMITY SWITCHES

PROXIMITY

SWITCHES

Typical "Metoptic EM12" Test Set Up

Figure 102

5. "Inspection Instruments Eddyprobe 4" System (Figure 103)

A.

Description

This system is designed

This

system

is

paper

paper

speeds.

speeds.

individual tyre

individual

tyre

the

flange

designed for

for use with a trace

use with

a

trace

are utilised,

recorder having two

recorder

having

two

to fit

to

fit

one contoured

Two probe types

Two

probe types are utilised, one contoured

containing two

the tyre seat

It is important

It

is

seat

important that the profile of

radius of

result in

to cover the tyre

to

seat radii and containing

seat

radii

and

two scanning cores to cover

scanning

seat radius

radius

cores

to

to the start

to

the

start

cover

Air

Air

the flange to tyre

to

tyre

of

the

tyre

seat radius and the tyre

seat

radius and

area.

that the profile of this probe

this

probe

of the tyreseat

matches that of the bead seat radius

seat area.

of

the

of the hub being inspected.

the hub being

inspected.

in a loss of sensitivity.

a

loss

of

matches that

bead

gaps between the probe and hub will result

gaps

between

the

probe and hub

will

The other

The

other

probe has a flat section

probe

has

a

flat

section

area.

area.

circumferential

circumferential scan

will be scanned

will

be

scanned

system

a

(0.02

seat and barrel

barrel

sensitivity.

cover the tyre seat and

This probe has a scan area of 9 mm (0.35 in.)

This

coupled with a

probe has a scan area of 9 mm (0.35 in.) coupled with

scan path of 2 mm (0.08

in.) pitch,

thus any defect

a

path of 2 mm (0.08 in.) pitch, thus any defect

To facilitate setting

To

facilitate

setting

a real or artificial

real

or

up of the

up of

the

crack 0,5 mm

artificial crack 0,5 mm

wide is required.

is

required.

at least three times.

at

least three

times.

block containing

system a calibration

(0.02 in.) deep approximately

calibration block

deep

containing a

in.)

0,1 mm (0.004 in.)

mm

approximately 0,1

(0.004 in.) wide

NOTE :

The inspection

The

inspection

tyre

tyre

probes described

probes

described

to cover the flange rim and

to

cover

the

flange

a simple

rim

and

using a simple

seat radius

seat

radius

can be employed manually using

can

be

employed

manually

turntable.

turntable.

DA 1/3133/50

PRINTED IN ENGLAND

20~OO~O"

20-00-01

Page

103

May 21/84

May 21/84

Page

103

ÿX7Z7JVXOP

~DUN.£OP

.£lltEZTBD

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

NDT AI RCRAFT WHEELS

NDT

AIRCRAFT WHEELS

4. "Metoptic EM12" Inspection System (Figure 102)

A.

B .

C.

C.

Description

This

This

system incorporates

system

incorporates a

a chart

chart

recorder with a

recorder

with a fixed paper feed and

fixed

paper

feed

and

utilises an

utilises

an inspection probe with a spherical

inspection probe with a

spherical tip that

tip that

is sensitive

is sensitive over

over

a full 360 degrees

a

full 360

degrees at

at its contact

its contact

point.

point.

The system

The system gives a circumfer-

gives a

circumfer¬

ential scan of

ential scan of approximately

approximately 1,6

1,6 mm (0.062 in.).

mm

(0.062

in.).

To facilitate setting

To facilitate setting

up of

up of the system a calibration

the system a

calibration

block containing a

block containing

a real or artificial

real

or artificial

crack 0,5 mm

crack 0,5 mm (0.02

(0.02

in.) deep approximately 0,1

in.)

deep approximately

0,1 mm (0.004 in.)

mm

(0.004

in.) wide

wide

is

is required.

required.

System Operation

(1)

(1)

Adjust lift off control

Adjust

lift off control to give

to give minimal test meter needle movement

minimal

test meter

needle

movement

when probe

when

probe

is lifted slightly

is

lifted slightly from test

from test block.

block.

(2)

(2)

Adjust meter sensitivity to give a

Adjust meter sensitivity

to give a signal trace

signal trace

height of 15 mm

height of

15

mm

(0.6

(0.6

in.) on

in.)

on recording

recording

paper for the 0,5

paper

for the 0,5 mm (0.02 in.)

mm

(0.02

in.)

deep

deep

defect in

defect in the calibration

the calibration

block.

block.

(3)

(4)

(4)

Fit appropriate wheel adapter to ram, centre wheel on adapter.

Set upper

Set

upper and lower

and lower proximity switches

proximity switches to

to pre-determined

pre-determined

posi-

posi¬

tions (X

tions

(X and Y Figure

and Y

Figure 102) ensuring

102) ensuring

lower switch is set to give

lower switch

is set

to

give

a scan start

a

scan start at the outer edge of

at the outer

edge of the flange area (point X Figure

into

Y Figure 102).

the flange area

(point

(2

X

Figure

into

102) and

102) and upper

upper switch to give a scan at

Figure 102).

switch to give a scan at least 50 mm (2 in.)

least 50

mm

in.)

the tyre seat area (point Y

the tyre

seat area (point

NOTE:

Scan may be extended to include complete barrel

Scan may

be extended to

include complete

barrel area of

area of

wheel if desired.

wheel

if

desired.

(5)

Start scan.

Interpretation

Interpretation

(1)

(1)

View

in.)

View recording trace,

in.)

recording trace,

height or greater

height or greater

quency test meter.

quency test

meter.

investigate

investigate any signal

using

using a

hand held

of 5 mm (0.2

a hand held probe and a high fre-

any signal trace

trace of

5

mm

(0.2

probe and a

high fre¬

(2)

(3)

(3)

(4)

(4)

Reject a cracked half hub.

Corrosion is not permitted, dress out corrosion as detailed

Corrosion is not permitted,

dress

out corrosion

as detailed

'Repair' section of Component Maintenance

'Repair' section of

Component Maintenance

Manual.

Manual.

Dress out physical

Dress out

physical damage as detailed

damage as detailed

Component Maintenance

Component

Maintenance

Manual.

Manual.

in 'Repair' section

in 'Repair ' section

of

of

in

in

DA 1/3133/50

printed in England

2·0-00-01

20-00-01

Page 102

Page 102

21/84

May 21/84

May

ÿH17Y£OF

~DUN~OP

LIMITED

~llWZrBD

GENERAL PRACTICES

MANUAL

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

B. System Operation

(1)

(1)

With cable connected to one connection of the contoured probe,

With cable connected to one connection of the contoured probe,

adjust trace sensitivity to give a signal height of 15 mm (0.6 in.)

adjust trace sensitivity

on

the recording

on the recording

the calibration block.

the calibration block.

to give a signal height

for

the

0,5

mm

(0.02

of 15 mm (0.6

in.)

deep

in.)

paper

paper for the 0,5 mm (0.02 in.)

defect

in

in

deep defect

NOTE:

It is recommended that a series of hubs or hub sections

It is recommended that

a series

seat

of hubs or hub sections

profiles

to match the

to

match

the

be

obtained

be obtained with tyre

with

tyre

seat radius profiles

radius

contoured probes being used and contain known fatigue

contoured probes being used and contain known fatigue

cracks in the

cracks

in the tyre

mm

tyre

seat radius.

deep

6

seat

radius.

used.

slots 0,5 mm (0.02 in.)

0,2 mm (0.008 in.)

(0.3 in.)

(0.3 in.)

wheel

long

may

0,2 mm

(0.008

in.)

slots 0,5

(0.02 in.)

wide,

be

0,1

long may be used.

these

batch

Spark

eroded

or

Spark eroded or milled

(0.25

(0.004 in.)

in.)

to

to

to 8 mm

to

8

mm

start

of each

of

each

to

calibrate

milled

mm

deep 0,1 mm (0.004 in.)

mm

wide, 6 mm (0.25 in.)

the

At the start

At

wheel batch these hubs

hubs should

should be used to calibrate

be used

the test equipment.

the test equipment

(2)

(2) Select turntable

Select turntable speed

speed to 1, trace

to

to

1,

trace

recorder

recorder

'ON'.

speed to high,

probe

in

speed

to

high,

turn¬

turn-

seat

seat

table/recorder synchronisation

table/recorder

synchronisation

radius, depress

radius,

hub

for

to 'ON'.

Place probe

turntable

Place

in tyre

on.

on.

tyre

Scan

Scan

depress auto zero button,

two

full

revolutions.

auto zero button,

switch turntable

switch

hub for two full revolutions.

(3)

(3)

(4)

(4)

Connect cable to the opposite

Connect cable to the opposite connection of contoured probe.

Repeat steps (1) and

Repeat steps

(1) and (2).

(2).

connection

of

contoured

probe.

Connect cable to

Connect cable to the tyre seat/barrel

the tyre

seat/barrel

probe,

probe,

calibrate

calibrate

as per

as

per

step (1).

step

(1).

Select turntable

Select turntable

speed 4, trace recorder

4,

trace

speed

recorder

speed to low,

speed

to

low,

position probe to overlap

position probe to overlap scan area of contoured

scan area of contoured

probe.

probe.

Switch

Switch

turntable on.

turntable on.

Scan tyre seat/barrel

Scan tyre

seat/barrel

(2

(2 in.).

in.).

Switch off.

Switch off.

area for at least 50 mm

area

for

at

least

50

mm

NOTE :

Scan may be extended

Scan may

be

extended

to include the complete barrel

to

include the

complete

barrel

area of wheel if desired.

area of

wheel

if

desired.

C.

Interpretation

(1)

(1)

(2)

(2)

(3)

(3)

(4)

(4)

View recording trace.

View

recording trace.

in) in height or greater

in)

in

height or

greater

frequency frequency test test meter. meter.

Investigate

Investigate

a

any signal trace

any

signal

held

trace

of 5 mm (0.2

of

5

mm

(0.2

using a hand held probe

using

hand

probe

and a high

and

a

high

Reject a cracked half hub.

Reject

a

cracked half

hub.

Corrosion is not permitted,

Corrosion is

not permitted,

dress out corrosion

dress

out

corrosion

as detailed

as

detailed

I Repair' section of Component Maintenance Manual.

'Repair' section of

Component Maintenance Manual.

in

in

Dress out physical damage as detailed

Dress out

physical damage

as

detailed

Component Maintenance Manual.

Component Maintenance

Manual.

in •Repair'

in

'Repair'

section of

section

of

DA 1/3133/50

20-00-01

20-00-0 1

Page 105/106 Blank

May 21/84

WHEEL UNDER TEST.

TURNTABLE

ÿ BWJWMjOI* LIMITED

~ DUN~DP ~llWZr.BD

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

GENERAL

PRACTICES

MANUAL

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

NDT AIRCRAFT

WHEELS

/

WHEEL TEST

RIG

PROBE

ARM

PROBE LEAD SCREW CARRIAGE PROBE 0 0 0 C []0 g C C 0 ]0
PROBE
LEAD SCREW
CARRIAGE
PROBE
0 0
0 C
[]0
g C
C
0
]0
0
I 1
,
I
0
0
I
I
CJ
r
/0
i,
\l= ~
0 _I
CONTROL
PANEL
CRACK DETECTOR
CONTROL
PANEL
CRACK
DETECTOR
AND RECORDER
UNIT
AND
RECORDER
UNIT

SCAN

SCAN

OVERLAP

OVERLAP

SCAN

SCAN

PROBE DETAILS

hl

SCAN

•SCAN

SCAN

SCAN

OVERLAP

OVERLAP

FLANGE RIM AND TYRE SEAT RADIUS

TYRE SEAT AND

SCAN

BARREL AREA

Typical "Inspection Instruments Eddyprobe 4" Test Set Up

DAI/3133/50

Figure 103

printed in England

20-0(H0i

104

Page 104

Page

21/84

May 21/84

May

(ÿOWJlVXflP

~D17NLOP

X/M/rED

LllWZTED

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

GENERAL PRACTICES MANUAL

NDT

NDT AIRCRAFT WHEELS

AIRCRAFT WHEELS

MANUAL EDDY CURRENT

1.

Introduction

Manual eddy current

the

flange

to

Manual

eddy

current inspection can

inspection

area

when

can be applied to all areas listed, including

semi -automated

eddy

current

techniques

be

applied

to

ail

areas

listed,

including

the flange to tyre seat area when semi-automated eddy current techniques

are

are not available, providing

removing

the

not

available, providing the hubs are

bearing outer races.

the hubs are fully disassembled apart from

A

wide

range

of

test

sets

are

fully

disassembled

apart

from

removing the bearing outer races. A wide range of test sets are available

falling into

falling

into two main categories;

1

MHz,

low

two

main

categories; high frequency

high frequency

sets

frequency above

frequency

addition

to

above 1 MHz, low frequency

the

frequency

sets

operating

with

a

available

signal

sets operating with a signal

below 1 MHz.

below

1

MHz.

In

In

also

be

made

to

test

sets operating

should