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Mechanical Engineering Laboratory 1

Experiment # 2

Two Dimensional Measurements: Calibration and Use of Planimeter


Title

Submitted by: Date Performed:

Course/ Year: Date Submitted:

Schedule

Day: Time:

ENGR. RIZAL MOSQUERA, RMP, PME


Instructor
Exercise # 2

Two Dimensional Measurements: Calibration and Use of Planimeter


Title

I. Objectives:
1.1 To familiarize to the parts and function of the planimeter.
1.2 To know how to use and calibrate a planimeter.
1.3 To know planimeter as the irregularly shaped area measuring instrument.

II. Discussion:
2.1 Planimeter is a measuring device that directly measures the surface area of certain
plane object in metric scale. It is convenient to use for an irregularly shape object.

A planimeter (also known as a platometer) is a measuring instrument used to


determine the area of an arbitrary two-dimensional shape.

There are several kinds of planimeters, but all operate in a similar way. The precise
way in which they are constructed varies, with the main types of mechanical planimeter
being polar, linear and Prytz or "hatchet" planimeters. The
Swiss mathematician JakobAmsler-Laffon built the first modern planimeter in 1854, the
concept having been pioneered by Johann Martin Hermann in 1814. Many developments
followed Amsler's famous planimeter, including electronic versions.

Amsler-Polarplanimeter Polarplanimeter

A planimeter (1908) measuring the indicated area by tracing its


perimeter

III. Materials:
3.1 Planimeter set
3.2 Bond Paper
3.3 Ruler
3.4 Pencil
3.5 Calculator

IV. Procedure:
4.1 Acquired the apparatus required.

4.2 Draw three (3) regularly shaped figures and one irregular shaped figure on each page
of bond paper.

4.3 Using the planimeter, measure the area of each figure following the procedure written
in the manual on how to use the planimeter properly.

4.4 Make three (3) trials for each figure.

4.5 Write your data on the data sheet.

4.6 Compute the available data required in the data sheet.

V. Completed Data Sheet


Regular plane figure: Rectangle
Dimension Planimeter Area by K = Area/ Deviation % Deviation
n: r Formula PlanimeterReading
Area Reading
(Revolution)
Trial SI English SI English SI English SI English
(cm²) (in²) (cm²/rev.) (in²/rev.) (cm²/rev.) (in²/rev.) % %
1
2
3
Average

Regulator plane figure: Circle


Dimension Planimeter Area by Formula K = Area/ Deviation % Deviation
n: r PlanimeterReading
Area Reading
(Revolution)
Trial SI English SI English SI English SI English
(cm²) (in²) (cm²/rev.) (in²/rev.) (cm²/rev.) (in²/rev.) % %
1
2
3
Average

Regular plane figure: Triangle


Dimension Planimeter Area by K = Area/ Deviation % Deviation
n: r Formula PlanimeterReading
Area Reading
(Revolution)
Trial SI English SI English SI English SI English
(cm²) (in²) (cm²/rev.) (in²/rev.) (cm²/rev.) (in²/rev.) % %
1
2
3
Average

Irregular plane figure: Irregular Shape


Dimension Planimeter K average Area = K average x Deviation % Deviation
n: r PlanimeterReading
Area Reading
(Revolution)
Trial SI English SI English SI English SI English
(cm²/rev.) (in²/rev.) (cm²) (in²) (cm²) (in²) % %
1
2
3
Average
VI. Computation

Formula:

𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎
𝐾=
𝑃𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑠

𝐷𝑒𝑣𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 = 𝐾 𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 − 𝐾

𝐷𝑒𝑣𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛
% 𝐷𝑒𝑣𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 = (100%)
𝐾 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒

Note: Get always the absolute value

SI UNIT

Area of Rectangle = LxW

Area of Circle = 𝜋𝑟 2

𝑏ℎ
Area of Triangle =
2

Total area =

English System

Area of Rectangle =LxW

Area of Circle = 𝜋𝑟 2

𝑏ℎ
Area of Triangle =
2

Total area =
SI UNIT
Rectangle
K Value
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Average
Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
% Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3

Circle

K Value
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Average
Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
% Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3

Triangle

K Value
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Average
Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
% Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Irregular

K Average

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3
Area = K average (Planimeter reading)
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Average
Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
% Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3

English System

Rectangle

K Value
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Average
Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
% Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3

Circle

K Value
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Average
Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
% Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3

Triangle

K Value
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Average
Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
% Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Irregular

K Average

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3
Area = K average (Planimeter reading)
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
Average
Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3
% Deviation
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3

VII. Observation:

VIII. Conclusion:

IX. References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planimeter

X. Preliminary Data Sheet: