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NR 600, Ch 6, Sec 3

1.6.2 Hydropneumatic test 1.6.7 Ultrasonic test

Hydropneumatic tests, where approved, are to be such that An ultrasonic echo transmitter is to be arranged on the
the test condition, in conjunction with the approved liquid inside of a compartment, and a receiver on the outside. The
level and supplemental air pressure, simulates the actual watertight/weathertight boundaries of the compartment are
loading as far as practicable. The requirements and recom- scanned with the receiver, in order to detect an ultrasonic
mendations in [1.6.4] for tank air tests apply also to hydrop- leak indication. Any leakage in the sealing of the compart-
neumatic tests. ment is indicated at a location where sound is detectable by
All the external surfaces of the tested space are to be exam- the receiver.
ined for structural distortion, bulging and buckling, any
other related damage, and leaks. 1.6.8 Penetration test
1.6.3 Hose test For the test of butt welds or other weld joints, a low surface
Hose tests are to be carried out with the pressure in the hose tension liquid is applied on one side of a compartment
nozzle maintained at least at 2·105 Pa during the test. The boundary or a structural arrangement. If no liquid is
nozzle is to have a minimum inside diameter of 12 mm and detected on the opposite sides of the boundaries after the
to be at a perpendicular distance from the joint not exceed- expiration of a defined period of time, this indicates tight-
ing 1,5 m. The water jet is to impinge upon the weld. ness of the boundaries. In certain cases, a developer solu-
tion may be painted or sprayed on the other side of the weld
Where a hose test is not practical because of possible dam-
to aid leak detection.
age to machinery, electrical equipment insulation, or outfit-
ting items, it may be replaced by a careful visual
examination of the welded connections, supported where 1.6.9 Other test
necessary by means such as a dye penetrant test or an ultra- Other methods of testing may be considered by the Society
sonic leak test, or equivalent. upon submission of full particulars prior to the commence-
ment of the tests.
1.6.4 Tank air test
All boundary welds, erection joints and penetrations
including pipe connections are to be examined in accord- 1.7 Application of coating
ance with approved procedures and under a stabilized pres-
sure differential above atmospheric pressure not less than 1.7.1 Final coating
0,15·105 Pa, with a leak-indicating solution (such as soapy
For butt joints welded by means of an automatic process,
water/detergent or a proprietary solution) applied.
the final coating may be applied at any time before comple-
A U-tube having a height sufficient to hold a head of water tion of a leak test of the spaces bounded by the joints, pro-
corresponding to the required test pressure is to be vided that the welds have been visually inspected with care,
arranged. The cross-sectional area of the U-tube is not to be to the satisfaction of the Surveyor.
less than that of the pipe supplying air to the tank. Instead of
a U-tube, two calibrated pressure gauges may be accepta- The Surveyors reserve the right to require a leak test prior to
ble to verify the required test pressure. the application of a final coating over automatic erection
A double inspection of the tested welds is to be carried out. butt welds.
The first inspection is to be made immediately upon appli- For all the other joints, the final coating is to be applied
cation of the leak indication solution; the second one is to after the completion of the joint leak test. See also Tab 4.
be made approximately four or five minutes after, in order
to detect those smaller leaks which may take time to appear.
1.7.2 Temporary coating
1.6.5 Compressed air fillet weld test Any temporary coating which may conceal defects or leaks
In this air test, compressed air is injected from one end of a is to be applied at the same time as for a final coating (see
fillet welded joint, and the pressure verified at the other end [1.7.1]). This requirement does not apply to shop primers.
of the joint by a pressure gauge. Pressure gauges are to be
arranged so that an air pressure of at least 0,15·105 Pa can
be verified at each end of any passage within the portion 1.8 Safe access to joints
being tested.
Note 1: Where a leak test is required for fabrication involving par- 1.8.1 For leak tests, a safe access to all joints under exami-
tial penetration welds, a compressed air test is also to be carried nation is to be provided. See also Tab 4.
out in the same manner as to fillet weld where the root face is
large, i.e. 6-8 mm.
1.9 Hydrostatic or hydropneumatic tightness
1.6.6 Vacuum box test test
A box (vacuum testing box) with air connections, gauges
and an inspection window is placed over the joint with a 1.9.1 In cases where the hydrostatic or hydropneumatic
leak-indicating solution applied to the weld cap vicinity. tests are applied instead of a specific leak test, the examined
The air within the box is removed by an ejector to create a boundaries are to be dew-free, otherwise small leaks are
vacuum of 0,20·105 to 0,26·105 Pa inside the box. not visible.

February 2017 Bureau Veritas 183