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Firstly, the ray table with the degree scale oriented on top of it is lying on the table at 0
degrees then we put the 3-in-one mirror which has a plane, convex, and concave surface on top of
the table. The 3-in-one mirror will be used throughout this experemint. Using one light beam as
the source of light towards the 3-in-one mirror, we obtained angle of incidence, which is a ray
that is perpendicular to the surface at a point. The data produced justifies the theory of plane
surfaces that the angle of reflection is simply equivalent to its angle of incidence.

In the second part, we used two plane mirrors with same dimensions and positioned them
in a certain angle and precisely placing a push pin in between the mirrors. The quantity of
pictures of the pin reflected by the mirror is showned and verified by computation. Given the
equation stated in the manual, we can further calculate the quantity of images of the push pin. To
contrast the results, we acquired equivalent results for the observed and calculated qualities.

For the next part, we observe the focal length by utilizing the five light beams that are to
be reflected by the concave and convex mirrors. We outlined intersection of the reflected rays in
order to accurately measure the experimental value of the radius of the curvature of convex and
concave mirrors. On the other hand, the true value of the radius of the curvature was acquired by
measuring the tangent line of the curvature of convex and concave mirrors.

In this part, we used the candle, screen, and concave mirror in the acquiring the value of
the focal length. For the consecutive tables for the concluding part of this experiment, the
correspondence distances is acquired, where the distance are of P > Q, where P is the objects
distance and Q is the picture distance. With the same method for the fifth and sixth table, yet this
time Q > P and Q = P, respectively.

If one is inattentive and careless in measuring the values, these possible errors stated may
occur. In the part wherein outlining where the light beams and the reflected rays converges, and
sketch it in a piece of paper to acquire the focal length the radius of the curvature of convex and
concave mirrors. Caution should also be applied where the size of the light of the candle reflected
in the screen is just the right size.