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DNKH LOGISTICS PTE LTD

Fall Prevention Plan


This Fall Prevention Plan is prepared for the following site:

Name Of Company DNKH Logistics Pte Ltd


Address Of Workplace Changi airport – Jewel
Nature Of Work Hoisting of travellator
L1-B1,B1-B2

Name Designation Signature

Prepared by: Aidil Sufiyan Safety Coordinator

Reviewed by: Alex Ong Project Manager

Approved by: Kenny Heng Director

Approval Date: 29 DEC 2017 Next Review Date: 28 DEC 2018

Revision History

Rev. Amended by Summary of Changes Approved by:


No
(Name/Signature/Date)

Page 1 of 15
Content Page

S/N Description

01 Summary Pg 3

02 Policy for Fall Prevention Plan Pg 4

03 Responsibilities Pg 5

04 Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Pg 7

05 Risk Control Measures/Methods Pg 8

06 Procedures Pg 13

07 Use of Personal Prevention Equipment Pg 14

08 Inspection and Maintenance Pg 15

09 Induction & Training Pg 16

10 Incident Investigations Pg 18

11 Emergency Response Pg 19

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1) Summary

The Fall Prevention Plan is to address or mitigates the risk of falling from height during hoisting of
escalator 3 E,F,G & H from Level B2-B1 and B1-L1

The plan has considered all reasonable fall prevention measures and methods that are being taken prior
to the commencement and during work activities associated with working at height.

The Fall Protection Plan shall comprise of the followings:

1) Policy for Fall Prevention

2) Responsibilities

3) Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment

4) Risk Control Measures/Methods

5) Procedures

6) Personal Fall Prevention Equipment

7) Inspection and Maintenance

8) Induction & Training

9) Incident Investigations

10) Emergency Response

References:

Code of Practices for Working Safely at Height

WSH Act & relevant WSH Subsidiary Legislations

Workplace Safety and Health (Work at Heights) Regulations 2013

WSH Work at Heights (Amendment) Regulations 2014

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DNKH LOGISTICS PTE LTD
Fall Prevention Plan

2) Policy for Fall Prevention Plan

DNKH Logistics Pte Ltd is committed towards a safe working at height for employees, contractors
and public for various work-at-heights related work activities at all workplaces and shall comply with
the applicable or relevant legislations.

To ensure that each employee is trained and made aware of the safety provisions which are to be
implemented by this plan.

To identify hazards involve in working at height to ensure that all reasonable measures are taken to
eliminate work-at-height hazards and effectively prevent fall of persons and materials.

All employees and sub-contractors’ employees have the responsibility to work safely on the job at all
time.

Our commitment involves a reliable Fall Prevention Plan, Personal Fall Arrest System and providing
adequate trainings so as to ensure workers’ knowledge & skills competency associated with working at
height.

It is the policy of DNKH Logistics Pte Ltd that no employees or sub-contractors’ employees are
exposed to the risk of falling from height or be struck by falling objects and therefore work in an
incident free workplace.

_________________________________
Mr Kenny Heng
DIRECTOR

DNKH LOGISTICS PTE LTD


29 DEC 2017

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3) Fall Prevention Plan - Responsibilities

Department Manager / Project Manager / Safety Manager

The Department Manager / Project Manager / Safety Manager shall ensure that sufficient resources
required and made available for the establishment, implementation and maintenance of the Fall
Prevention Plan so as to achieve its objectives.

Project Manager / Site Supervisor / Safety Supervisor

The Project Manager, Site Supervisor and Safety Supervisor shall be appointed to define, document,
develop, implement, maintain and evaluate the Fall Prevention Plan developed specified to company’s
work activities i.e. Hoisting operation

The Safety Manager, Safety Supervisor shall appoint Committee/ Task Team members who shall
comprise of Project Manager, Site Supervisor / Foreman to assist or support to perform their task.

 To implement emergency response procedures and to investigate all fall from heights incidents;
and

 To ensure compliance with all applicable regulatory requirements and reporting of


performance to top management for review.

The Safety Manager, Project Manager, Safety Supervisor or Site Supervisor / Forman shall define,
document and communicate the roles, responsibilities and accountabilities of all levels of staff that
may be affected by the fall prevention plan includes the following:

 Evaluate the need to work at height;

 To ensure all reasonably practicable measures and method are taken to eliminate potential
falling from height hazards;

 To ensure all workers (inclusive of subcontractor workers) are properly trained in the use,
maintenance and care of personal fall protection equipment and the recognition of hazards
related to their use;

 To ensure all devices/equipment/materials use for fall protection by workers (inclusive of


subcontractor’s workers) are maintained at design specifications and are inspected/certified as
per manufacturer and/or local regulatory/approved standards.

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Employees and sub-contractors’ employees

Not all the responsibilities lie with the employer. Employees must also take care of their own health
and safety and of theirs colleagues.

Particularly, every employee must by law, report any health and safety hazards that they identify in
regards to working at height. Merely ignoring a hazard is not an option. Employees must also make
proper use of all equipment that is provided for their safety.

Employees must follow the training and instruction they have received unless he circumstances would
render it unsafe to do so. When this appears to be the case, the employee must report the fact and seek
further instruction before continuing work.

Work At Height Assessor

Work at height assessor must be suitably trained and competent to assess and advise on work at height
safety.

Must be able to evaluate the effectiveness of fall prevention measures and ensure all reasonably
practicable measure are implemented to ensure the safety and health of the workers working at height

They are also the Work at Height advisors, able to identify and foresee potential hazards while
working at height

They are capable to assist the authorized manager to develop and implement the FPP and ensure that
the PTW has been implemented effectively

Through routine site inspections, they are able to identify unsafe work conditions and safety lapses
and advice the authorised manager to revoke any PTW where necessary

The WAH Assessor shall endorse the application for the PTW and forward to the endorsed application
to the authorised manager of the workplace

Work at Height Supervisor

To manage and direct the manner of work at the worksite in accordance with established procedures

They are responsible for the safety and health of the workers working at height

They should ensure the compliance of fall prevention measure specified by the employer or principle
in the safety and health management system of fall prevention plan

Where a PTW system has been implemented, the WAH supervisor shall ensure all control measures
are adhered and implemented effectively on site before submitting the application to the assessor

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4) Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment & Risk Control Measures

Hazard Control Measure


Fall from height hazard 1. Apply working at height PTW before start work.
2. Comply to PTW system.
3. Ensure to inform Main-Con on the activities and
removal of barricades.
4. Ensure to use body harness and SRL before going
anywhere near open edge.
5. Installation of nylon ropes / plastic chains with signs
when not working of preparing materials.
6. Permenently install GI barricades back when going for
lunch or brakes.
7. No unauthorized personal are allowed to enter the
unbarricated site.
8. Ensure barrication of the outter opened edge are install
with signs prior to start work.
9. Ensure 100% anchored to the designated areas.

Falling objects hazard 1. Supervisors to ensure no materials / tools are placed at


the open edge.
2. Ensure all tools are using landyard / tool catch.
3. Ensure above and below working aeras are cordon with
sinage.
4. Deploy worker to stand guard at the brricated areas to
avoid unauthorized personal to enter site.
5. No personal are allowed to pass by under working
areas at the operation time.

Fall from height – Working at height near edge 1. Lifeline to be install before the start of the operation and
at all time safety harness should be hock on the lifeline
E106:E107.
2. Supervisor to apply PTW for WAH before commence of
work
3. All personal to be WAH trained
4. Full body harness to be hook onto life line
5. Check harness before use, ensure free from
damages / torn

6. Cordon of potential access point of entrance to work


area to prevent others from passing through
7. Coordinate work with Main con and other contractors
8. One Life line to one person
9. Standing supervision by site supervisor
10. Safety personal to be on site at work area during
commence of work

Falling object hazard – Working at height near the edge 1. Barricade work area and the bottom work area
2. Put up warning signages
3. Tools use to be secure with string or tools landyard
4. Wear proper PPE eg (Safety helmet)
5. Standing supervision by site supervisor

5) Risk Control Methods

As far as reasonably practicable, reasonable and appropriate measures are put in place to control
the falling from heights risks identified. The appropriate control measures/methods selected are to
reduce or maintain the risk of falling from heights that had been assessed and implemented to
ensure its effectiveness.

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Elimination

Elimination of hazards refers to the total removal of the hazards and hence effectively making all
the identified possible accidents and ill health impossible.

As Elimination is a permanent solution and is attempted in the first instance for Lift Installation,
Testing and Commissioning and fall from height hazards unfortunately cannot be removed as per
industrial practices.

Substitution

Metal barricades shall replace wood/timber barricade as metal barricade is of stronger


construction, durable etc.

Secured hooks and/or metal props for holding barricades shall replace nails or screws driven fasten
barricades, as the latter can off easily due to poor workmanship or its poor characteristics. It is
difficult to reinstate the barricades after temporary removal to carry out work activities.

Site coordination is required to address the issue(s) on case-by-case basis, as the Main Contractor
has the safety obligations to provide a safe & secure barricade at all openings.

Engineering Control

Engineering controls are physical means that limit the hazard. These include structural changes to
the work environment or work processes and erecting barriers to interrupt the transmission path
between the worker and the hazard.

Engineering control adopted includes

 Car-top design includes guardrails and adequate anchorage points.

 Edge protection such as using guardrails at open sides to prevent persons from falling over.
Coordination is required with Main Contractor to provide guardrails at open sides (Landing
entrance & Lift shaft)

 Working Platform(s) for erected Scaffold

Safe work practices or guideline are provided to guide workers on the safe use of work
platforms, a form of engineering control measure instead of standing scaffold’s frame
unless it is reasonable not practicable to do so.

Administrative Controls

Administrative controls are used to support or in conjunction with other control measures that are
put in place and are adequately communicated to the workers including:

 Daily tool box meetings

All workers are required to be briefed daily on work activities and associated risks or
hazards involved including Safe Work Practices, Method Statement etc.
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Refresher training on correct use of PPE

Safety lapse(s) / gap(s) and corrective action(s)

 Coordination Meeting

Conduct Coordination meeting(s) on work activities between Lift Contractor and Main
Contractor & its subcontractor’s workers to address any incompatible works.

- Handover of Lift shaft

- Joint Inspection to address safety issues associated with lift shaft handover

 Signage – Warning against access to hazardous area

- Provision of adequate signage to warn against access to the hazardous area as shown

- The signage shall complement a physical barrier erected to prevent unauthorized


access or entry.

Safe Work Procedure (SWP) / Method Statements

Safe Working Procedure (SWP) or/and Method Statements (MS) are adopted as the most form of
administrative controls in workplaces. It is designed to provide a set of systematic instructions or
methods on how work can be carried out safely.

Safe Work Procedure for Hoisting of Travellator sections in T1E:

 SWP for Work at Height

 SWP for Lifting operation and Equipment

Ensuring Control Measures are Safe and Do Not Introduce New Risks

It is important and to be ensure that the new or additional control measures do not introduce new
hazards or expose workers with potential hazards out of the use of new or additional control
measures.

Fall Prevention System

Fall Prevention System adopted associated with the Lift Installation activities:

 Modular Scaffolds

All scaffolding shall be checked by the trained and authorized scaffold supervisor to ensure that the
scaffold erected is according to design and is safe for use. If a Professional Engineer (P.E.) designs
scaffold, it shall be inspected by the P.E. before it can be certified safe for use. The scaffold shall be
inspected by the P.E. once every 3 moths. And after each inspection, a COS will be issued.

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Scaffold shall be certified safe to use by the scaffold supervisor at least once every 7 days or when
there is any modification.

No illegal modification, erection or dismantling of scaffold is allowed. Only trained scaffold erector
under the supervision of a scaffold supervisor can modify, erect or dismantle the scaffold.

Full body harness is the minimum requirement for using fixed scaffold unless state otherwise. Proper
scaffold access shall be provided.

If the scaffold is deemed unsafe by the scaffold supervisor, scaffold not safe to use warning sign shall
be display. No person is allowed to use the scaffold if the scaffold is not safe to use.

Scaffold to be erected close to the work area to provide easy access and thus eliminate unsafe act such
as climbing out or standing on the guardrail to perform his work.

Ensure all loose materials and tools to be properly kept in a toolbox/bag. Proper housekeeping shall be
maintained at all times.

 Ensure all loose materials and tools to be properly kept in a toolbox/bag. Proper
housekeeping shall be maintained at all times.

Personal Fall Arrest System

Use of Personal Fall Arrest System (Full Body Safety Harness)

 To provide adequate training to workers

 Use of safety harness with double lanyard(s)

 Use of Lifeline and Fall Arrestor.

Access and Egress Safety Considerations

Provide and ensure safe access to, egress from and movement around the work areas including lift
landings entrance and metal scaffolds.

The safety considerations have includes the followings:

 Installation of fixed work platforms, walkways and stairways;

 Use of temporary work platforms such as scaffolds and crawl boards;

 Installation of fall arrest systems;

 Frequency and number of people who may need access to or egress from the work area

 Supervision and regular inspection are also considered;

 Location and space required for any equipment or materials used or being temporarily
stored;

 Safety of work surfaces;

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 Method of getting equipment and materials to the work area;

 Exposure of access ways to the weather e.g. rain can make surfaces slippery and strong
winds can cause loss of hand grip;

 Provision of adequate natural or artificial lighting to all access ways;

 The clearance of obstructions so that persons are able to move easily to and from the
workplace

6) Safe Work Procedures

 Safe Work Procedures For Lift Installation

 Safe Work Procedures For Work at Height

 Safe Work Procedures For Working on Lift car top

7) Use of PPE

Workers working during hoisting operation are required to wear safety harness and lanyard(s) with
damper/shock absorber. Using metal scaffold, the lanyards shall be affixed to metal scaffold’s main
frame / lifeline.

Workers working in front of lift shaft at landing entrances are also required wear safety harness and
lanyards with damper/shock absorber. Provide adequate barricade at landing opening. Provide
anchorage points at landing area or Life-lines.

Where practical, in the absent of scaffolding, workers require working in front of lift shaft at landing
entrance are to use the landing doors or in the present of lift cage as a mean of safety barrier to prevent
falling over. Provide Lifeline to be hook with rope grabber attached onto body harness

Testing personnel performing Testing and Adjustment work at cage top shall wear safety belts
(restraint belt). Their safety belts are hook to anchorage point at cage top and they will not work
beyond the perimeter of the cage top.

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8) Inspection and Maintenance

Workers, foreman and supervisors are to conduct a thorough visual inspection and checks on
equipment including metal scaffold before every usage is important for ensuring that the equipment
is free from observable defects.

A maintenance regime is established and implemented to inspect and maintain equipment in good
working condition. The equipment subject to the maintenance regime should include both
operational and safety equipment.

Equipment Frequency Who to inspect

Full body harness with rope Weekly (on-site) (during PPE Kumar (WSHC)
grabber inspection)
Ohedul (Site Supervisor)

Full body harness Daily (before use / commence Kumar (WSHC)


of work)
Ohedul (Site Supervisor)

Full body harness Monthly (immediate company) Ohedul (Site Supervisor)

Shafayat (WSHC)

Life Lines Daily Aman (Scaffold Supervisor)

Ohedul (Site Supervisor)

Kumar (WSHC)

‘A’ Frame Ladders Daily (before use) Ohedul (Site Supervisor)

‘A’ Frame Ladders Weekly Kumar (WSHC)

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9) Induction & Training

The amount of information and type of training depends on several factors such as the risks
involved, the level of operator skill required and the complexity of the tasks and work procedures

Training needs are identified, plan and implemented to achieve workers skills, knowledge required
to carry work activities/tasks and in accordance with work procedures and safe work practices.

Training programmes include:

 Tool-box meeting/briefing

 On- job’ training

 Safety induction course for new employees

 In house’ training programmes

 Training courses offered by accredited training providers

1) WAH for workers

2) ECSOC

3) WAH for supervisor

4) WAH Assessor

All construction workers are required to attend MOM mandatory ECSOC prior to commencement
of work.

All workers are required to attend Safety Induction Course conducted by Main Contractor – Safety
Department prior to commencement of work for lift installation, so that they understand and
perform site work safely.

Site Supervisor/ Safety Supervisor to conduct briefing/ talk on Risk Assessment, Safe Work
Procedures and Method Statement developed for various Lift Installation work activities including
risks or hazards of falling from height prior to commencement of work.

Workers who need to carry out any metal scaffold alteration are required to attend MOM Approved
Metal Scaffold Erector Course.

Workers are provided with relevant information on site and adequate supervision to ensure that no
worker enters a “No Entry” area or use a “No Access” points.

The Safe Work Procedures are generally to provide sufficient and adequate information,
instruction and training on how jobs are to be performed, persons responsible for these work
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activities, where safety precautions must be taken so that they have the skill and knowledge to
perform the work safely (based on the risk assessment).

Workers working at height need to attend the “Work At Height” or ECSOC (2days) courses for
workers.

The workers are trained to acquire the necessary skill and knowledge to perform the work safely by
providing them with good understanding of:

 The nature of fall hazards to which they are exposed;

 The risk of injury associated with the task;

 The control measures that are needed, including safe work procedures and the use of
personal protective equipment;

 The proper usage and maintenance of tools, including performing inspection to ensure tools
are in good condition before use.

 Procedures in the event of an emergency such as rescue, accident, or injury.

 Supervisor need to attend WAH supervisor course.

 At least one person need to attend WAH assessor course.

10) Incident Investigations

All incidents are to be reported to immediate supervisor and notify DNKH Logistics and Main
Contractor - Safety Department as soon as reasonably possible.

All accidents or incidents relating to persons falling from height shall be investigated and analyzed
for the following objectives:

 Determine any underlying deficiencies in the existing fall Prevention system and plan,
which might cause or contribute to the occurrence of the incident;

 Identify the need for corrective actions to be taken to address any such deficiencies as
identified

 Identify the opportunities for preventive actions to be taken to prevent any such incident
from reoccurring.

The results from any such incident investigated (inclusive of lesson learnt and the
corrective/preventive actions to be taken) should be promptly communicated to all relevant parties.

A record of all accidents and incidents and their investigation findings and outcomes are properly
documented as per Investigation Form.

If medical leave more than 3 days or hospitalize more than 24 hours need to report to MOM within
10 days.

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11) Emergency Response

Emergency Planning

Singapore Civil Defense Force (SCDF) and Main Contractor shall takes precedent as Site Rescue
Mobilization including use of appropriate rescue equipment.

Singapore Civil Defense Force (SCDF) shall be primary rescue agency, which has the expertise,
resources and equipment to carry out the rescue operations. Main Contractor Emergency Response
Team shall provide assistance or facilitate rescue operations.

As rescue operations are often carried out under extreme pressure, consideration should be given
to all aspects of the rescue process.

Providing all Lift installer with trauma suspension straps. Or if person conscious, to instruct person
to grab onto firm Beams / structures, while awaiting for rescue team.

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