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Cassie Jeng
IR 3/ 11 AP

THE TRANSFORMATION OF EATING DISORDER TREATMENT


DATA COLLECTION SUMMARY

*All of the following assignments have been completed. This is an overview of the process and records of the accomplishments.

Part 1:
o Topic: The research topic is an exploration of cognitive based therapy and dance/movement therapy. The
purpose it to discover if therapists in each field are aware of the other form of treatment and to what extent.
The chosen form of investigation is intended to access how practitioners in the field of cognitive therapy
and those in the field of dance/movement therapy understand one another. This data collection will use
the survey method because the purpose is to spread and question about awareness. This is the best method
to collect data on this research since it is near impossible for a high school researcher to obtain permission
to analyze confidential patient responses within the allotted data collection time frame. This way,
information can be collection about the average acceptance of the proposal for a new therapy by the
experts who currently study in the affected fields.

o Referenced Vetted Surveys: This survey was provided by Kelly Morrison, Senior Account Executive for
MedSurvey.
o Likert-Type Scale Response Anchors
Vagias, Wade M. (2006). “Likert-type scale response anchors." Clemson International Institute
for Tourism & Research Development, Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism
Management. Clemson University

o Intended Audience: The intended audience is dance/movement therapists and cognitive based therapists.
With this survey, the plan is to inquire about awareness of the other field. The intent is to collect as many
responses as possible from any therapist in the two fields. The survey will not be very long, hopefully to
therefore allow more people to spend the time to answer the questions in order to get a variety of responses.
This researcher hopes to promote the idea of a therapeutic method that contains the two approaches to
treatment. The plan is to distribute the surveys to representatives from the two different therapy fields,
dance/movement therapy and cognitive based therapy. With these points of reference, the plan is to spread
the survey to more people in the field.

o Distribution Plan:
o Friday, 16 Mar 2018: distribute to expert points of contact
o Friday, 23 Mar 2018: distribute to other known field experts
o Collect responses from end of March through April for both surveys
Part 2:
Survey from Likert-Type Scale Response Anchors distributed to Cognitive Behavioral Therapists:

Survey from Likert-Type Scale Response Anchors distributed to Dance/Movement Therapists:


Part 3:

DATA ANALYSIS: Eating Disorder Treatment


To evaluate the knowledge of other therapy techniques within eating disorder treatment and to assess the
success potential of a proposed new technique, two surveys were distributed to professional therapists across the
county. Responses from seventeen dance/movement therapists from the American Dance Therapy Association
(ADTA) and seven cognitive behavioral therapists were recorded over the course of a one-month period of time.
The surveys to the dance/movement therapists were distributed through the LISTERV for the ADTA, and surveys
to the cognitive behavioral therapists were distributed through board-certified dance/movement therapist Susan
Kleinman, who had been assisting with the project data collection, and other colleagues.
Considering the very selective audience for the survey, not as many responses were collected as originally
intended for the evaluation of this research. The goal was to obtain at least fifty responses within the month period,
however, only a total of 24 therapists answered the two surveys combined. While this is half of the initially
estimated response rate, it is still good experimental data and is valid for analysis because the survey was targeting
professionals rather than peers. Therefore, access to their time and contact is limited, making it harder to obtain
responses within a short period of time for data collection. In addition, creating the survey for distribution to
professional offices was a challenge during the process since they had to be developed from an accredited survey
to fit the specific questions of the research topic.
From the most relevant experimental data collected, it was found that the cognitive behavioral therapists
surveyed had a variety of familiarity with dance/movement therapy, ranging from 14.3% being extremely familiar
to 14.3% being not familiar at all. On the contrary, 53.5% of the dance/movement therapists surveyed were
extremely familiar with cognitive behavioral therapy and the rest had at least a slight familiarity with the practice.
In response to the proposed integration of techniques, 71.5% of CBT and 80% of DMT thought that the
collaboration was appropriate or absolutely appropriate and acceptable or perfectly acceptable. However, the
surveyed cognitive behavioral therapists seemed to regard the proposed method as less comprehendible, as 53.3%
of DMT thought the method was easy or very easy to understand, while only 28.6% of the CBT responded in this
same manner. In addition, 85.7% of CBT and 66.7% of DMT voted that the method had somewhat probable or
very probable chance of success if it were to be developed. For the level of influence on eating disorder treatment,
cognitive behavioral therapists responded that 85.7% thought that it would be somewhat influential and 14.3%
felt it would be very influential. In contrast to this, dance/movement therapists responded in a more diverse
fashion with 13.4% believing it would be not at all or only slightly influential, 26.7% believing it would have
somewhat of an influence, and 60% believing it would be very or extremely influential. However, in the end,
93.4% of DMT and 71.4% of CBT felt that the integration of the two techniques would be either somewhat or
much better than only using one therapeutic method for eating disorder treatment.

Conclusion:
With analysis of the responses, it was found that the data supported most of the hypothesis. It was
originally hypothesized that CBT and DMT are not sufficiently aware of one another, however both will support
the concept of the integration. According to the data, it was correct that cognitive behavioral therapists were not
familiar with nor participated in dance/movement therapy practices, however, the dance/movement therapists
seemed to have a solid familiarity of cognitive behavioral therapy. Regarding the proposed collaboration of
techniques, it was found that a majority of cognitive behavioral therapists and dance/movement therapists did,
indeed, agree with the concept and felt it would be influential for eating disorder treatment. There were some
barriers presented in the survey, however, the therapists still responded that they believed this method would have
a possibility of success and would be better than using either of the therapeutic methods alone. From the responses
to the survey, it can be gathered that it would be both useful and supported to work to develop this integrated
method for eating disorder treatment. While there are still concepts within the idea that need to be refined, the
barriers mentioned were minor and, for the most part, did not affect the predicted success and influence of the
overall collaboration.

Questions:
1. How familiar are therapists with other techniques for treating their eating disorder patients?
2. Are therapists generally comfortable dealing with other techniques, other than their normal medical
practice?
3. How appropriate is the collaboration of the two eating disorder techniques, dance/movement therapy and
cognitive behavioral therapy?
4. What advantage would this collaboration have for the patient and the therapist?
5. How much excess time would be necessary on behalf of both the therapists and patients in order to properly
develop and use the collaborative technique?
6. How significant would the impact be for the patient by using the collaborative technique rather than either
one alone?
7. Do therapists generally believe that such a collaboration would be favorable throughout the eating disorder
treatment community?
8. What obstacles would be encountered should a researcher pursue the task of developing the collaborative
technique?
9. How would the proposed technique combine the two existing treatment techniques?
10. Should this proposed technique be addressed by a professional board for development consideration?

Possible Barrier (Responses)


ED is a challenging diagnosis where working with the body is essential but also very challenging
and takes skill and training to do.
Some practitioners may not understand or appreciate CBT yet.
Balance between mind/body approach becomes lopsided in favor of "mind".
CBT is very cognitive and top down in approach; it can thus interfere with DMT process,
depending on how CBT is integrated. It would take a skilled DMT to integrate CBT well.
Physical discomfort - emotional issues with body image