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2,00- nung realistische Resultate liefert, falls keine speziellen

Magnahmen zur Erh0hung der W~irmeabfuhr zu bertick-


sichtigen sind. Falls eine Schmierfilmktihlung durch das an-
liegende Segment zu beriicksichtigen ist oder falls die Seg-
1,50. mentdeformation berechnet werden soil, ist die simultane
::- /.- :::-y: L: ?/< : :??4+::84
L/Ssung der Temperaturgleichung ffir Schmierfilm und Seg-
ment erforderlich. Eine Senkung der auftretenden maxima-
:o len Temperaturen in Schmierfilm und Segment liiBt sich
| 1,00. durch die Verwendung eines sehr gut wiirmeleitenden Seg-
mentmaterials erreichen, wogegen die Verbesserung des
0,85.
W~irmetibergangs an den W~inden eines Stahlsegmentes kei-
g 0,70. nen grogen Einflug zeigt. MaBnahmen zur Senkung des
E
Anteils mitgeschleppten Warm61s zeigen praktisch keine
._~
E
.c
Auswirkungen auf die auftretenden Maximaltemperaturen
0,35. r o
o3 in Schmierfilm und Segment, erh/Shen jedoch die Tragf~ihig-
keit des Schmierfilms erheblich, well durch eine Verminde-
0 ~ ~ r
rung des Warm61anteils die Temperatur der Rotorlauffl~iche
30 40 50 60 70 80 90
~ sinkt.
F,15 Temperatur

Bild 15. Temperaturprofile in der Schnittfliiche mit maximaler Tem-


peratur (s. Schnittbezeichnung A - A in Bild 12) far den Fall mit Literatur
gesenkter Liiufertemperatur TL (Reduktion der iibertragenen Warm-
[1] Pinkus, 0., u. D.J. VI41cock: Thermal effects in fluid film
61menge um 20~o).
bearings. Proc. 6th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribol-
Spaltgeometrie nach Bild 10 und Daten nach G1.(12); Symbolesiehe Bild 11 ogy 1979, Mech. Engng. Publ. Ltd., London 1980.
[2] Fust, A.: Dreidimensionale thermohydrodynamische Be-
rechnung von Axialgleitlagern mit punktf6rmig abge-
6. E r g e b n i s s e
stiitzten Segmenten. Mitt. Inst. ftir Grundlagen der Ma-
Die Ergebnisse des dreidimensionalen Rechenmodells mit schinenkonstruktion Nr. 10. Verlag Inst. ftir Grundlagen
finiten Elementen haben gezeigt, dab die Temperaturvaria- der Masch.-Konstr. ETH Ziirich 1981.
tionen tiber der Schmierfilmdicke betr~ichtlich sind und in [3] Schwarz, H.R.: Methode der finiten Elemente. Teubner,
der Schmierspaltrechnung berticksichtigt werden mtissen. Studienbticher Mathematik, Stuttgart 1980.
Ebenso ist die Warm/51tibertragung f'tir die realistische Aus- [410dermatt, R.: Stationiir belastete Radial-Gleitlagerseg-
legung yon Mehrsegmentlagern in die Rechnung miteinzu- mente mit und ohne Randleisten. Mitt. Inst. ftir Grund-
beziehen. lagen der Maschinenkonstruktion Nr. 11. Verlag Inst.
Der Vergleich von Rechnungen mit adiabater Segment- ftir Grundlagen der Masch.-Konstr. ETH ZUrich 1981.
lauffl~iche und Rechnungen mit Berticksichtigung der W~ir-
meabfuhr durch das Segment zeigt, dab die adiabate Rech- Eingegangen am 15.9. 1982 F 3591

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02585995

Mohr's analogy applied to the beam with elastic joint


U d o Garner*)

At the place of a linear elastic joint a single force proportional to the difference of the slope at
both sides of the joint acts upon the adjoint beam. A simple example serves as an illustration.

Mohr's method for the determination of deflections of a Any procedure for the integration of Eq. (2) can be used
statically determinate beam or reactions of a statically in- for the calculation-of w. The fictitious bending moment M
determinate beam is based on the analogy of the equations due to the fictitious distributed load ~= MJo/J acting upon
the adjoint beam [1] 1) is proportional to the deflection of
the original beam
EJo d2w-dx
2 -- -M(x)j~x) (1)
w = M/EJ o (3)
d2M
dx 2 = -q(x) (2) Similarly,

where w means the displacement, M the bending moment w' =O./ESo (4)
and q the load per unit length. E indicates Young's modulus
and J0 an arbitrary reference moment of inertia. where (~ is the fictitious shear force.

*) Professor Dr. U. Garner, I n s t i t u t f'tir M e c h a n i k der Technischen 1) T h e m o d i f i e d b e a m is called c o n j u g a t e b e a m b y S. Timoshenko a n d G.H.


UniversitS.t Wien. MacCullough [2].

Forsch. Ing.-Wes. 49 (1983) Nr. 5 141


The application of Mohr's method proves advantageous if
the beam consists of several sections of constant cross sec-
tion and if the deflection or the slope is to be determined
only at single points. A brief account is given in I-3].
w

1. B e a m with elastic joint


A frictionless joint between two parts of a beam is sub-
stituted by a hinged support since the slope of the original
beam and hence the fictitious shear force in the adjoint
beam is discontinuous. The reactive force at this support 6 = EJ0 w'
has to be determined, if necessary, with the help of the
equilibrium condition of the adjoint beam.
In the case of a joint and a helical spring between the two
l g
parts of the beam, henceforth briefly called elastic joint, the
slope and the fictitious shear force are also discontinuous
but, contrarily to the case of the frictionless joint, the force
acting upon the adjoint beam is not a reactive force but can F.1
-L Fig. 1. Detail of the original
beam, the deflection w, the
slope w', the fictitious shear
force Q, and the adjoint beam.
be expressed by the difference of the slope (in German:
eingepr~igte Kraft), Fig. 1.
4
For a linear spring the relations where N = 1 + - ' ( 1 - 3 2 a + 3 2 if)

w'l- w',= M s/c (5) The parameters are ( = cl/EJ, 2s = la/I and 2F= Ir/I.
For ~ o o the reactive moments agree with the case of
s=eJoMj/c (6)
the beam with two clamped ends loaded by a single force.
hold where c is the spring constant, M s the spring couple Ms is then the bending moment for l = l s. For ( = 0 on the
and S the fictitious single force acting at the place of the other hand, M s vanishes and the reactive moments are
elastic joint upon the adjoint beam. The indices 1 and r those of two clamped beams coupled by a frictionless joint.
stand for left and right, respectively. This simple example can be handled as easily with the
help of a table of deflections and superposition, but for
beams with variable cross section Mohr's method is superior to
2. E x a m p l e other procedures.

The reactions of a beam with two built.in ends and an al ~I F t - "


elastic joint loaded by a single force are to be determined, e
Fig.2a. Fig.2b shows the two parts of the beam with the
interactions G and M s and the reactions A, B, M~ and M r. Ea
The adjoint beam which is not supported at all is loaded by l- 'J '
four distributed fictitious forces of triangular shape and the --- i
single load -S=EJMj/c at the place of the elastic joint, I
Fig. 2c. b) F
Consideration of the equilibrium of the parts of the orig- (~j Mj
inal beam and the equilibrium of the fictitious forces and M~
couples acting upon the adjoint beam yields the three equa- x~] MJ # /.~M r
tions A k I
G
t; 13
2s 1
IrF (7) c)
MI

2
Mr
MI+ M,- -; M] = ( 1 - 2 r ) I v F (8)
Fig. 2. Beam with two built-in
62s ends and an elastic joint
M,+ 2M,- -~-Ms=(a-22)IFF (9) F.2 (I-I F) IFF/I loaded by a single force.

with the solution References


[1] Szab6, I.:
Einfiihrung in die Technische Mechanik, 7th
Ml =lvF + [2v-2 +~(- 32s + 2v)2s] ~IvF (10) ed. Berlin: Springer !966.
I-2] Timoshenko, S., and G.H. MacCullough: Elements of
strength of materials, 3rd ed. New York: Van Nostrand
M, = [1- 2r + ~(3 2s- 2r- 32~ + 2s2r)] ~ lr F (11) 1949.
[3] Parkus, H.: Mechanik der festen K6rper, 2nd ed. Wien:
Springer 1966.
M s = [2 - 3 2 a - 2 v + 2 2 s 2 r ] - ~ IvF (12)
Received November 11, 1982 F 3604

142 Forsch. Ing.-Wes. 49 (1983) Nr. 5