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DAFTAR ISI

DAFTAR ISI ....................................................................................................... ii


DAFTAR GAMBAR ........................................................................................... iv
DAFTAR TABLE ............................................................................................... v

BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................. 1


1.1 Latar Belakang .......................................................................................... 1
1.2 Tujuan Penulis........................................................................................... 2
1.3 Pembatasan Masalah ................................................................................. 2
1.4 Metoda Penelitian...................................................................................... 2
1.5 Sistematika Penulisan ............................................................................... 2

BAB II DASAR TEORI ................................................................................... 3

2.1 Pengertian Sistem Pentanahan ............................................................... 3


2.2 Tujuan Pentanahan ................................................................................ 4
2.3 Pemelihan Lokasi .................................................................................. 5
2.4 Komponen-Komponen Pentanahan ...................................................... 5
2.5 Pentanhan Pada Saluran Distribusi ........................................................ 8
2.5.1 Hubungan Sistem Pentanahan Dan Pola Proteksi Arus Lebih ....... 8
2.5.1.1 Sistem Pentanahan Tahanan Rendah ..................................... 9
2.5.1.2 Sistem Pentanahan Tahanan Tinggi ...................................... 9
2.5.1.2 Sistem Pentanahan Tahanan Langsung ................................. 9
2.5.2 Peralatan Proteksi Hubung Tanah ................................................. 10
2.5.3 Pentanahan Sistem (Netral) Berfungsi ........................................... 15
2.5.4 Pentanahan Umum Berfungsi ........................................................ 15
2.5.5 Sistem Pentanahan Netral .............................................................. 13

BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ..................................................... 16


3.1 Metode Penelitian ................................................................................ 16
3.2 Langkah-Langkah Pengamatan ............................................................. 16
3.2.1 Pengamatan Lapangan/Observasi Lapangan................................... 17
3.2.1.1 Penjelasan Umum ................................................................. 17

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3.2.1.2 Sejarah Cirata ....................................................................... 17
3.2.1.3 Kegiatan Usaha ..................................................................... 18
3.2.1.4 Data Spesifikasi Turbin Cirata ............................................. 19
3.2.1.5 Peralatan Proteksi ................................................................. 20
3.2.1.6 Proses Produksi .................................................................... 21
3.2.1.7 Data Tambahan Berupa Foto ................................................. 22
3.2.2 Pengamatan Pustaka ........................................................................ 25
3.2.2.1 Relay GFR ............................................................................. 25
3.2.2.2 Prinsip Kerja Relay GFR ....................................................... 27
3.2.2.3 Karakteristik Relay GFR ....................................................... 28
3.2.2.4 Setting Relay GFR ................................................................. 30
3.2.2.5 Persamaan Hubung Singkat ................................................... 31

BAB IV PENGOLAHAN DATA ..................................................................... 33

4.1 Menghitung Setting Relay .................................................................... 33


4.2 Cara Mengukur Grounding Dengan Earth Tester ................................. 36
4.8.1 Grafik Perbangdingan Antara Total Rugi-Rugi Daya Terhadap
Pemasangan Kapasitor Bank ........................................................... 31
4.8.2 Grafik Perbangdingan Antara Tegangan Out Put Terhadap
Pemasangan Kapasitor Bank ........................................................... 33
4.8.3 Grafik Perbangdingan Antara Daya Aktif Dan Reaktif Dari
Pembangkit 2 Terhadap Pemasangan Kapasitor Bank.................... 37

BAB V ANALISIS DAN KESIMPULAN ...................................................... 39


5.1 Analisis.................................................................................................. 39
5.2 Kesimpulan ........................................................................................... 40
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Pentanahan Pada Peralatan Listrik ........................................... 8


Gambar 2.2 Prinsip Kerja GFR ..................................................................... 10
Gambar 2.3 Prinsip Kerja Ground Fault Relay ............................................. 11
Gambar 2.4 Sistem Netral Tidak Diketanahkan .......................................... 13
Gambar 2.5 Pentanahan Netral Lansung(solid) ............................................ 13
Gambar 2.6 Fasa Tegangan Tanah Pada Pentanahan Netral Dengan Tanahan
................................................................................................... 14
Gambar 3.1 Flowchart Metodologi ............................................................... 16
Gambar 3.2 Komponen Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air (PLTA) ................ 20
Gambar 3.3 Sistem Jaringan Tenaga Listrik ................................................. 20
Gambar 3.4 Proses Produksi Listrik PLTA .................................................. 21
Gambar 3.5 Nilai Parameter Turbin Unit 1 .................................................. 22
Gambar 3.6 Diagram Kemampuan Generator 1-5 ........................................ 22
Gambar 3.7 Proteksi Generator .................................................................... 23
Gambar 3.8 Diagram Proteksi Single line Tiga Phasa .................................. 23
Gambar 3.9 Single line Proteksi Generator ................................................. 24
Gambar 3.10 Single line proteksi Transformator ........................................... 24
Gambar 3.11 Single line Three Phasa ............................................................. 25
Gambar 3.12 Pemasangan Relay GFR ............................................................ 26
Gambar 3.13 Single Diagram Relay Gangguan Tanah .................................. 26
Gambar 3.14 Gangguan Tanah Berarah ......................................................... 27
Gambar 3.15 Prinsip Kerja Relay GFR .......................................................... 27
Gambar 3.16 Prinsip Kerja Ground Fault Relay ............................................. 28
Gambar 3.17 Karakteristik Relay Gangguan Tanah ...................................... 29
Gambar 3.18 Ground Fault Relay .................................................................. 30

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DAFTAR TABLE

Tabel 3.1 Kapasitas Daya Listrik Dan Tanggal Mulai Beroperasi Masing-
Masing Unit Pembangkit ............................................................. 18