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FINAL DRAFT

EUROPEAN STANDARD FprEN 50216-12


NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM December 2010

ICS 29.180

English version

Power transformer and reactor fittings -


Part 12: Fans

Accessoires pour transformateurs de Zubehör für Transformatoren und


puissance et bobines d'inductance - Drosselspulen -
Partie 12: Ventilateurs Teil 12: Ventilatoren

This draft European Standard is submitted to CENELEC members for formal vote.
Deadline for CENELEC: 2011-02-11.

It has been drawn up by CLC/TC 14.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC
Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national
standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CENELEC in three official versions (English, French, German).
A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own
language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of
which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to
change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung

Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2010 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Project: 20478 Ref. No. FprEN 50216-12:2010 E


FprEN 50216-12:2010 –2–

1 Foreword

2 This European Standard was prepared by the Technical Committee CENELEC TC 14, Power
3 transformers. It is submitted to the formal vote.

4 The following dates are proposed:

– latest date by which the existence of the EN


has to be announced at national level
(doa) dor + 6 months

– latest date by which the EN has to be implemented


at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement
(dop) dor + 12 months

– latest date by which the national standards conflicting


with the EN have to be withdrawn
(dow) dor + 36 months
(to be confirmed or
modified when voting)

5 EN 50216-12 is to be read in conjunction with EN 50216-1, Power transformer and reactor fittings –
6 Part 1: General.

7 ___________________
–3– FprEN 50216-12:2010

8 Contents

9 1 Scope ...............................................................................................................................................4
10 2 Normative references .....................................................................................................................4
11 3 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................5
12 4 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................5
13 4.1 Rated values ...........................................................................................................................5
14 4.2 Rated power and noise...........................................................................................................6
15 4.3 Design of the drive ..................................................................................................................6
16 4.4 Design of the connection box .................................................................................................6
17 4.5 Design of the housing .............................................................................................................6
18 4.6 Design of the fan wheel ..........................................................................................................6
19 4.7 Design of the protective grating / basket guard ......................................................................6
20 4.8 Materials .................................................................................................................................7
21 4.9 Mechanical design ..................................................................................................................7
22 4.10 Surface protective coating ......................................................................................................7
23 5 Identification....................................................................................................................................7
24 5.1 Specifications for the fan rating plate .....................................................................................7
25 5.2 Specifications for the motor rating plate .................................................................................8
26 6 Tests .................................................................................................................................................8
27 6.1 General ...................................................................................................................................8
28 6.2 Routine tests ...........................................................................................................................8
29 6.3 Type tests ...............................................................................................................................8
30 7 Transport and storage ....................................................................................................................8
31 8 Installation and operation, operational performance..................................................................9
32 9 Technical documentation ..............................................................................................................9
33 Annex A (normative) Ordering designations .....................................................................................10
34 A.1 Minimal ordering designations ..............................................................................................10
35 A.2 Additional specifications (if necessary) ................................................................................10
36 Annex B (informative) Performance of the fans ................................................................................11
37 Annex C (informative) Design example ..............................................................................................12
38 Bibliography ..........................................................................................................................................13
39

40 Figures

41 Figure B.1 – Performance of the fans ................................................................................................... 11


42 Figure C.1 – Design example ................................................................................................................ 12
43

44
FprEN 50216-12:2010 –4–

45 1 Scope
46 EN 50216-12 deals with fans for oil-to-air coolers used for transformers as well as fans used for
47 blowing out radiators. Only fans operating axially are dealt with in this standard specification.

48 This standard specification defines the dimensions and requirements for ensuring fan
49 interchangeability and uniform fan assembly.

50 2 Normative references
51 The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
52 references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
53 document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 22768-1 General tolerances – Part 1: Tolerances for linear and angular dimensions
without individual tolerance indications (ISO 2768-1)

EN 22768-2 General tolerances – Part 2: Geometrical tolerances for features without


individual tolerance indications (ISO 2768-2)

EN 50216-1:2002 Power transformer and reactor fittings – Part 1: General

EN 50262 Cable glands for electrical installations

EN 60034-1 Rotating electrical machines – Part 1: Rating and performance (IEC 60034-1)

EN 60529 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP – Code) (IEC 60529)

EN 60721-3-4 Classification of environmental conditions – Part 3: Classification of groups of


environmental parameters and their severities – Section 4: Stationary use at
non–weather protected locations (IEC 60721-3-4)

EN ISO 3506-1 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless-steel fasteners –


Part 1: Bolts, screws and studs (ISO 3506-1)

EN ISO 5801 Industrial fans – Performance testing using standardized airways (ISO 5801)

EN ISO 13857 Safety of machinery – Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached
by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857)

ISO 10816-1 Mechanical vibration – Evaluation of machine vibration by measurements on


non-rotating parts – Part 1: General guidelines

ISO 13347-1 Industrial fans – Determination of fan sound power levels under standardized
laboratory conditions – Part 1: General overview

ISO 13347-3 Industrial fans – Determination of fan sound power levels under standardized
laboratory conditions – Part 3: Enveloping surface methods

ISO 14694 Industrial fans – Specifications for balance quality and vibration levels

54
–5– FprEN 50216-12:2010

55 3 Terms and definitions


56 For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

57 3.1
58 drive
59 depending on the specification the motor used to drive the fan wheel can be either a three-phase a.c.
60 motor, an a.c. motor or a d.c. motor. The motor is mounted rigidly in the housing

61 3.2
62 connection box
63 the electrical connection between the external power supply (and control system if this exists) and the
64 internal connection is made in the terminal box. The terminal board is located in the connection box

65 3.3
66 housing
67 the housing is used for attaching the fan to the radiator or cooler; the housing also supports the motor.
68 In addition the protective grating and / or basket guard is / are attached to it

69 3.4
70 fan wheel
71 the fan wheel is mounted rigidly on the motor axle / rotor

72 3.5
73 protective grating / basket guard
74 the protective grating or basket guard is used to prevent accidental contact with the rotating parts.
75 Furthermore, the protective grating or basket guard also prevents large foreign bodies from coming
76 into contact with the parts

77 4 Requirements
78 4.1 Rated values
79 The following designations are used:

80 -F [Hz] = frequency;

81 - UN [V] = rated voltage;

82 -I [A] = operating current during free blowing;

83 - IN [A] = rated current of the motor;

84 - P1 [W] = active-power input during free blowing;

85 -η [%] = overall efficiency of the fan;

86 -N [1/min] = rotational speed;


3
87 - qV [m /s] = volume flow of the fan during free blowing;

88 - psF [Pa] = maximum static pressure which the fan can produce, in producing static
89 pressure volume flow is reduced;

90 - LWA [dB(A)] = A-weighted sound power level of a fan during free blowing;

91 -D [mm] = diameter of the fan wheel.


92 NOTE The characteristic curve should be delivered by the supplier (psF = f(qV)). The noise is dependent on the working point
93 and the installation conditions.
FprEN 50216-12:2010 –6–

94 4.2 Rated power and noise


95 The values for air power and noise apply when protective gratings are fitted. The volume flow refers to
96 an air density = 1,20 kg/m³ at a temperature of t = 20 °C and an air pressure of 101,325 kPa (this
97 corresponds to a site altitude above NN < 1 000 m). They are to be measured at rated voltage with the
98 associated frequency provided that no other operating data has been specified in the order.

99 4.3 Design of the drive


100 The motor must comply with EN 60034-1 and suitable for unprotected outdoor installation.
101 The provided degree of protection is to be at least IP54 or above as per the order specification in
102 accordance with EN 60529.

103 Thermal class 155 as per EN 60034-1 applies to all motors.

104 Condensation water and any other intrusive water must be able to run off without any damaging effect.
105 This applies to both horizontal and vertical mounting of the fan (blowing upwards). The bearings of the
106 motor must be made in such a way that they are able to guarantee a trouble- and maintenance-free
107 running time (continuous operation) of at least 4 years (at least 3 years for four-pole operation) or
108 rather as agreed upon.

109 The connecting lead between the winding space of the motor and the cable compartment of the
110 terminal box can be run on both the inside and the outside.

111 4.4 Design of the connection box


112 The connection box (if present) must be mounted in such a way that it is easily accessible. The
113 connection box is to provide protection to at least IP54 as per EN 60529. Condensation water in the
114 connection box must not affect operation or lead to any damage.

115 Each of the terminals must be suitable for holding down two 2,5 mm² leads at I < 1,5 A. At I > 1,5 A
116 each terminal must be suitable for holding down two 4 mm² leads.

117 The earthing screw in the connection box must be easily accessible.

118 Captive screws must be used for the cover of the connection box.

119 Screwed cable glands (at least 2) as per EN 50262 made from nickel-plated brass are to be used for
120 the connecting lead inlet.

121 The cover seal must be secured using suitable measures so that overpressing or slipping is prevented
122 at all times.

123 4.5 Design of the housing


124 As a rule the housing is cylindrical. The motor with fan wheel (chosen by the manufacturer) is mounted
125 on to the housing. The fixing points of the fan are likewise located on the housing. If a connection box
126 is mounted on the outside of the housing then the connection cables are to be suitably fixed.

127 The direction of air flow (in connection with the rotational direction) is to be indicated on the housing
128 using a durable marking (can also be combined with the rating plate).

129 4.6 Design of the fan wheel


130 The fan wheel must be designed in such a way that no water is able to gather. This applies to both
131 horizontal and vertical mounting of the fan (blowing upwards).

132 4.7 Design of the protective grating / basket guard


133 Fans for radiator cooling systems are to be fitted with 2 protective gratings (inlet and discharge sides),
134 fans for oil-to-air coolers are to be fitted with 1 protective grating (either inlet or discharge side).
135 The opening widths of the protective gratings on both the inlet and discharge sides are to provide
136 protection as per EN ISO 13857.

137 The protective grating or the basket guard is to be rigidly mounted on the housing.
–7– FprEN 50216-12:2010

138 4.8 Materials


Fan housing: Chosen by manufacturer

Fan wheel: Aluminium with high quality coating or plastic, e.g. PP10.20 VT.- black
with approximately 25 % solid body content (glass)

Connection box: Cast iron, steel or aluminium with high quality coating

Protective grating / Inlet side: steel or stainless steel;


basket guard: Discharge side: steel with coating or galvanized

Terminal board or Insulating material ceramic or equivalent material or plastic material


terminal block:

Motor housing: Chosen by manufacturer

Threaded bolts, washers, Made from material which is not dangerous on contact and which is
nuts for electrical non-corrosive
connections:

Screws, washers, nuts, Stainless steel, e.g. A2-70 in accordance with EN ISO 3506-1
except for electrical
connections:

Strain washers: Non-rusting spring steel

139 Other materials are to be agreed upon.

140 4.9 Mechanical design


141 • To prevent rusting underneath the surface all external components must be welded completely
142 without breaks.

143 • The vibration severity determined at the outer perimeter of the fan housing in accordance with
144 ISO 14694 (BV - 3) or ISO 10816-1 (class 1 zone B).

145 • Tolerances as per EN 22768-1 and EN 22768-2.

146 4.10 Surface protective coating


147 The buyer and manufacturer are to agree upon the corrosion protection treatment and coating.

148 At the same time the necessary environmental conditions are to be observed.

149 The environmental conditions must correspond to EN 60721-3-4.

150 5 Identification
151 5.1 Specifications for the fan rating plate
152 • The fans must have a clearly visible all-weather rating plate displaying the ratings for 50 Hz and/or
153 60 Hz operation.

154 • Type designation and serial number of the manufacturer and year of manufacture

155 – volume flow in m³/s during free blowing,


-1
156 – rotational speed in min during free blowing,
FprEN 50216-12:2010 –8–

157 – active-power input in W during free blowing,

158 – rated current consumption at rated voltage given in A.

159 • It must be evident from the rating plate whether or not there is an internal, thermal circuit breaker
160 present, which will disconnect the current in the event of a fault.

161 • A direction arrow indicating the direction of air-flow (in connection with the rotational direction)
162 must either be attached to the rating plate or mounted in its immediate vicinity (see 4.6).

163 5.2 Specifications for the motor rating plate


164 Motor rating plate according to EN 60034-1.

165 A separate rating plate for the motor must be attached to the fan housing if this is specified in the
166 order.

167 The data of fan and motor must not be identical.

168 6 Tests
169 6.1 General
170 The tests are to be carried out at the fully assembled fan (with protective grating).

171 Performance measurements (volume flow, static pressure, active-power input and rotational speed)
172 are to be carried out in accordance with EN ISO 5801.

173 Noise measurements are carried out according to ISO 13347-3.

174 Terms, quantities, measuring instruments as per ISO 13347-1.

175 Test object: fan (total noise during free suction and free blowing).

176 The buyer and manufacturer are to agree upon special tests e.g. frequency analysis.
177 NOTE The sound power level of transformer is measured according to EN 60076-10.

178 6.2 Routine tests


179 • Active-power input

180 • Rotational speed

181 • Current

182 6.3 Type tests


183 • Characteristic curve (psF = f(qV))

184 • Noise measurement

185 7 Transport and storage


186 The fan is to be delivered in assembled condition ready for mounting.

187 Fans must be dispatched in such a way that no damage and contamination can occur.

188 The fan must also be suitable for outdoor storage without having to take a certain position into
189 account.
190 NOTE In principle the instruction of the supplier should be taken into account.
–9– FprEN 50216-12:2010

191 8 Installation and operation, operational performance


192 All of the fan properties given in this European Standard – above all the volume flow and noise level –
193 assume that there is no disturbance to the air flow as a result of mounting or installation.

194 Ambient temperature range: -25 °C to +40 °C.

195 Other ambient temperatures are to be specified in the order.

196 9 Technical documentation


197 Minimum documentation extent:

198 • manual;

199 • data sheet;

200 • test records;

201 • characteristic curve.

202 Other documentation is to be specified in the order.


FprEN 50216-12:2010 – 10 –

203 Annex A
204 (normative)
205
206 Ordering designations

207 A.1 Minimal ordering designations


208 -F [Hz] = frequency

209 - UN [V] = rated voltage

210 - character of current 1 phase / 3 phase


3
211 - qV [m /s] = volume flow of the fan during free blowing

212 - psF [Pa] = maximum static pressure which the fan can produce, in producing static
213 pressure volume flow is reduced

214 - LWA [dB(A)] = A-weighted sound power level of a fan during free blowing

215 -D [mm] = diameter of the fan wheel

216

217 - fixing points

218 - protective grating with execution

219 - mounting (vertical or horizontal)

220 - air flow direction

221 - corrosion protection treatment and coating

222 A.2 Additional specifications (if necessary)


223 - protection: IPXX

224 - ambient temperature range

225 - altitude on site

226 - internal thermal circuit breaker

227 - reserve data

228 - adjustable angle of fan wheel

229
– 11 – FprEN 50216-12:2010

230 Annex B
231 (informative)
232
233 Performance of the fans

234
psF (Pa)

Angle of
fan wheel

qV (m³/s)
P1 (kW)

qV (m³/s)
235
236 CAUTION: In general a change to the volume flow will result in a change to the sound power level.

237 Figure B.1 – Performance of the fans


FprEN 50216-12:2010 – 12 –

238 Annex C
239 (informative)
240
241 Design example

300

Hole

Rating plate

Protective grating

Rating plate in view


max. 600

Protective grating

Air flow
direction

242
243 Figure C.1 – Design example
– 13 – FprEN 50216-12:2010

244 Bibliography

EN 50216-6 Power transformer and reactor fittings – Part 6: Cooling equipment –


Removable radiators for oil-immersed transformers

EN 50216-10 Power transformer and reactor fittings – Part 10: Oil-to-air heat exchangers

EN 60076–1 Power transformers – Part 1: General (IEC 60076-1)

EN 60076-10 Power transformers – Part 10: Determination of sound levels (IEC 60076-10)

EN 10204 Metallic products – Types of inspection documents

EN ISO 2409 Paints and varnishes – Cross-cut test (ISO 2409)

EN ISO 3506 series Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless-steel fasteners


(ISO 3506 series)

EN ISO 4042 Fasteners – Electroplated coatings (ISO 4042)

ISO 13348 Industrial fans – Tolerances, methods of conversion and technical data
presentation

DIN 24166 Fans; technical delivery conditions

DIN 45635-1 Measurement of noise emitted by machines; airborne noise emission;


enveloping surface method; basic method, divided into 3 grades of accuracy

245

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