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# We talked about the document being a pdf.

## Lab: Knee Measurements

Purpose:

The purpose of this lab is to study different Q angles of males and females and to determine the importance the Q
angle has in determine injuries
Background: Explain what goniometry is and its importance in assessing the knee.

Explain why girth measurements are taken. What is the Q angle and what is its
significance in determining injury risk?
Goniomety means angle measure. It’s a tool that people use to measure angles in the knee and other places. This helps in the knee because we can find exact angles. Girth measurements
show how then persons body has changed over time. The Q angle is the lateral line of pull of the quadriceps to the patella. It’s significance in determining injury
are taken because it will
know about the Q angle the more we can help an athlete do exercises or stay away from certain movements that will cause injury.
risk is large, the more we

## Hypothesis: (Must deal with Q angle)

Our hypothesis is that women will have a greater Q angle then men.
Materials: Goniometer, tape measure

Procedure:

## 1. Define the deformities, abnormalities and conditions listed in Analysis

Question #1.

2. Using your iPad find a photograph of the deformity . Copy and paste that

## photograph in Analysis Question #2. Be sure to label each photograph.

3. Q Angle Measurements: For each of the people in your group, measure the Q

## angle for both the right and left leg.

a. The stationary arm should be in line from the ASIS through the center

of the patella

## b. Fulcrum is on the center of the patella

c. Movement arm is in line from the center of the patella to the tibial

tuberosity.

## d. Record your measurements in a Data Table

4. Girth Measurements: For each of the people in your group, obtain the girth

## c. Draw a line 4 inches above the joint line

d. Draw a line 6 inches above the joint ine

e. Using a tape measure, find the circumference of the leg at each line.

Analysis:

## 1. Deformities, abnormalities and conditions:

a. Genu valgum

b. Genu varum
c. Genu recurvatum

d. Patella alta

e. Patella baja

f. Squinting patella

g. Frog-eyed patella

2. Photographs :

3. Normal Q angle values for males is 13 degrees and for females, 18 degrees.

right leg?

## 1. Was your hypothesis supported? Give evidence to support your statement.

2. Is anyone in your group at risk for knee injuries? Give evidence to support

3. How could you use measuring Q angle to reduce the risk of knee injuries to
the ND athletic population?

Deformities, abnormalities, and conditions
Genu valgum- the knees are brought in and are knock kneed. The knees turn inward toward the midline and look as if they are bent in.
Genu varum- the knees stay apart or they’re bowlegged . A deformity where there is lateral bowing of the legs at the knee. It is due to defective
growth of the medial side.
Genu recurvatum- a deformity in the knee that causes the knee to bend backwards. There is excessive extension or hyperextension in the
tibiofemoral joint. Due to excessive anterior pelvic tilt. Tension posteriorly, compression anterior ley.
Patella Alta- or high riding patella is a abnormally high patella. The patella sits on the femur where the grove is very shallow. If there are any
strong contractions the patella could be brought out of place. Very easy dislocation of the patella. Due to a long patellar tendon.
Patella Baja- an abnormally low lying patella, restricts range of motion, crepitations, and retropatellar pain. Due to a short patella tendon.
Squinting patella- the patella seems to be pointing inward when standing. Caused by excessive femoral anteversion. The position of the patella is
medially, medial tibial torsion.
Frog eyed patella-the patella is pointing outwards. Patella riding high and position, due to hip retro version and or lateral tibial torsion

Analysis

Griﬃn has 12/11, Teddy had 12/12, and Lilli had 12/13. The males in the group had a a Q angle that
was very close to the average of 13. The farthest from it was 10. Although, the females in the group
and a significantly lower Q angle the normal number. No one had over 14 when the average was 18.

4. Starting from the center of patella and then in increments of two inches until it reaches six inches
above the knee. Starting with the left knee then the right knee. Alex had a girth of 17, 18, 19, 21 and
16.5, 17.5, 19, and 20. Dean had 14, 15, 16.5, 19 and 14.5, 15, 17, 19. Levi had 16.5, 17, 19, 21
and 16, 18, 19, 21.5. Christian had 16.25, 17.5, 18.25, 19.5 and 17, 18, 19, 19,5. Griﬃn had 17, 19,
22, 23.25 and 17, 18.25, 19, 21.5. Teddy had 14.5, 16, 18, 19, and 15.5, 15.5, 17, and 19. Julian had
14, 15, 17, 19.5 and 15, 16, 18, 19. Lilli had 14.5 16, 28, 19 and 15, 16, 18, 19. All of the data shows
that the leg girth’s in all of the participants is very similar. The only one that has a big change is
Griﬀen, but that is most likely because of his injury and surgery.

Conclusion

1. My hypothesis was incorrect. My hypothesis was that females would have a greater Q angle
then the males. The data proved that wrong, most of the participants had a very similar Q angle,
even some male and female had the same results.

2. Because there are no big shifts in the leg girth, which means the muscle is even all around, and
the Q angle is normal for the participants. I’d say none of them are at risk of injury. If the Q angle
was higher allowing a pull from the quad muscles, then they would be at risk.

3. It’s important to measure the Q angle because it allows us to see the patellofemoral traction. If it
is high or low we can see if there are deformities, also if we know it is high or low we could have
the athlete do certain exercise that will help or keep them from doing anything that could hurt
them.