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Sammy Quiroz

Chronological Reasoning Timeline

Founding of Jamestown: 1607 ― Jamestown was the first successful British colony established
in North America. Colonists came mostly in search of gold (even though there was none). The
majority of colonists were mostly goldsmiths and jewelers who would rather starve than do
lowly farm work, which would lead to the Starving Time of 1607 wherein the population of the
colony would be decimated. Success at Jamestown inspired the settlement of other colonies, such
as the Plymouth Colony. Once there is a commodity in Jamestown (cotton) that they can sell
they were supposed to do it through England which led to smuggling and the Navigation Act.

Founding of Massachusetts, Plymouth: 1620 ― Showed that people were not only moving
westward for economic reasons, but for religious freedom. The settlers at Plymouth would be of
a Puritan majority, who arrived on the Mayflower after signing the Mayflower Compact, the
first written framework for government in the US. The Puritans would work based on the idea
that the common good should be put before the needs of individual people.

First Navigation Act: 1660​ ― Founding of successful colonies made english want to reassert
their power over the colonies so they instituted the Navigation Act. The Navigation Act
introduced the practice of “enumerating” certain colonial products, which could be shipped
directly only to England, Ireland, or another English colony. These included sugar (until 1739),
indigo, and tobacco; rice and molasses were added during the 18th century. From 1664 English
colonies could receive European goods only via England.

Halfway Covenant: 1662 ​― ​A Puritan church document which allowed partial membership
rights to persons not yet converted into the Puritan church; It lessened the difference between the
"elect" members of the church from the regular members; Women soon made up a larger portion
of Puritan congregations. The halfway covenant promised land to the employer of indentures and
slaves and indentures would get land but didn’t go as promised because former indentures were
mistreated, leading to Bacon’s Rebellion.

King Philip’s War: 1675​ ― ​King Philip’s War marked the last major effort by the Native
Americans of southern New England to drive out the English settlers. The fighting lasted
fourteen months and destroyed twelve frontier towns, ending shortly after Metacom was
captured and beheaded. Some of his supporters escaped to Canada, while others who surrendered
were sold into slavery.
Bacon’s Rebellion: 1676 ​― ​VA frontiersmen seeking land clashed with Native Americans;
Frontiersmen demanded help from the government; Jamestown refused aid, fearing Native
American War; Bacon and his men lived on frontier; Bacon & men stormed Jamestown; Bacon
died of fever; Rebellion collapsed; Colonial rebellion against government authority. Prompted
the popularization of slavery because the land owners were being attacked by their former
indentured servants.

Salem Witch Trials: 1692 ​― ​a series of witchcraft trials launched after a group of young girls in
Salem, Massachusetts, claimed to have been bewitched by some of the older women in the
colony. Twenty individuals were put to death before the trials were put to an end by the
Governor of Massachusetts.

1st Great Awakening: The First Great Awakening was a time of religious fervor during the
1730s and 1740s. The movement arose in reaction to the rise of skepticism and the waning of
religious faith brought about by the Enlightenment. Protestant ministers held revivals throughout
the English colonies in America, stressing the need for individuals to repent and urging a
personal understanding of truth.

7 Year’s War: ​The Seven Years War was a conflict between France and Great Britain that lasted
from 1754 to 1763. It’s known as the Seven Years War because most of the fighting took place
in the seven-year period between 1756 and 1765. In America, the war is known as the French
and Indian War.

Pontiac’s Rebellion: ​during the French and Indian War Chief Pontiac gathered up Native
American groups and captured British posts, primitive use of biological warfare on blankets,
weakened Indian alliance and British won, Indians came to a peace agreement and British took
control of the land.