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Experimental investigation of thermoelectric

refrigeration system running on solar energy and

development of mathematical model

Experimental investigation of thermoelectric refrigeration system running on solar

energy has been explained in detail also mathematical and theoretical
of thermoelectric cooling model (Peltier module) designed and used in this
In conventional refrigeration system use some rotating or mechanical part like
compressor, evopourator, expansion valve etc. due to this rotating part, system is
complicated and some vibrations and noise are produced. But in thermoelectric
refrigeration system all mechanical part are eliminated and it replaced by
thermoelectric module. A thermoelectric module works on peltier effect to create a
hot side and cold side, the cold side of thermoelectric module is used in refrigerator
space for cooling purpose and hot side is used to rejection of heat to the
by using heat sink.
The developed experimental investigation having a refrigeration load of 0.5 liter
capacity is refrigerated by using two number of Peltier module (TEC 1-12706) and
heat sink fan assembly (MODEL NO. – REC 9225 A 12 MW) used to increase
dissipation rate from hot side of peltier module. Experiments were conducted on
developed prototype and mathematical model of thermoelectric refrigeration
and results obtained a temperature reduction of 240 C in 7 minutes with respect to
0C ambient temperature. The coefficient of performance of thermoelectric
refrigeration system was calculated and found to be about 0.35 to 0.69
International Journal of Advanced Research in
Computer Science and Software Engineering
Research Paper
Available online at: www.ijarcsse.com
Peltier Based Eco-Friendly Smart Refrigerator for Rural
Abstract— This project is a demonstration of an eco-friendly methodology for the
implementation of solar powered thermoelectric refrigeration system. Solar energy
is the most abundant and renewable source of energy in environment, and hence it
is used in our project. In conventional refrigerators, moving parts or rotating parts
like compressor, expansion valve, coolants etc. are involved which leads to some
vibrations and noise. Even coolants are not eco-friendly and much more costly. But
in thermoelectric refrigeration system, these mechanical parts and coolants get
eliminated and a thermoelectric module is used instead. Still there are many rural
areas where people have to deal with electricity problems, this module will be very
helpful to them as it runs on solar energy. Food items and other different required
things can be stored in it. Thermoelectric module consists of peltier plates and heat
sink module which will be placed on each side of the peltier device. We are using
microcontroller for this project. Features we are involving are: Slot detector using
IR sensors which will be displaced on the LCD attached outside the cooling
system; Temperature and humidity sensor : to control the temperature and set it on
required threshold ; Battery charging circuit : this circuit will monitor the battery
status and the temperature will be displayed on the LCD screen.


The global increasing demand for refrigeration in field of refrigeration air-conditioning, food
preservation, vaccine storages, medical services, and cooling of electronic devices, led to
production of more electricity and consequently more release of CO2 all over the world which it
is contributing factor of global warming on climate change. Thermoelectric refrigeration is new
alternative because it can convert waste electricity into useful cooling, is expected to play an
important role in meeting today•fs energy challenges. Therefore, thermoelectric refrigeration is
greatly needed, particularly for developing countries where long life and low maintenance are
needed. The objectives of this study is design and develop a working thermoelectric refrigerator
interior cooling volume of 5L that utilizes the Peltier effect to refrigerate and maintain a selected
temperature from 5 °C to 25 °C. The design requirements are to cool this volume to temperature
within a time period of 6 hrs and provide retention of at least next half an hour. The design
requirement, options available and the final design of Thermoelectric refrigerator for application
are presented
Design of Compressor less Solar Powered

The thermoelectric effect has been proven as a source of cooling and small power generation as defined by the
Peltier-Seebeck effect. Thermoelectric modules, optimized by semiconductors, have been used for temperature
regulation by operating as a heat pump to maintain computing devices and integrated circuits at optimum
temperatures for improved processing efficiency. Thermoelectric modules have also been used to capture
microwatt electrical power from personal computing and other small scale devices by way of utilizing the
waste heat rejected through its heat sink. In modern data centers and server farms, water cooling of electronics
has been widely adapted as a more efficient cooling method than standard air conditioning and ventilation
systems due to its vastly larger thermal capacity. However, even high density electronics cabinets and
processing units are low level heat applications unfit for waste heat recovery by standard thermodynamics
cycles and heat pumps. When applying the thermoelectric effect to the temperature difference between the heat
source of the processing electronics and the heat sink of a water cooling system, potential exists for practical
and economic energy recovery.
This study demonstrates the feasibility of waste energy recovery from high power density electronics in data
centers and server farms by way of the practical and economic application of thermoelectricity. An overview
of thermoelectricity and the thermoelectric effect is given, including a review of semiconductor materials and
electronics cabinet cooling techniques. This report describes an investigation into the efficiency of applying
thermoelectricity to low temperature waste heat situations. Conclusions are presented concerning the
effectiveness of this application towards waste heat utilization for power recovery.

A Review on working of Compressor Less Refrigerator

I. Abstract:
The impact of on-going progress in Science and Technology has created a variety
of systems that can be used in the generation of power from Renewable Sources
of energy and one of these is Solar Energy. The project which we have prepared
utilizes either solar energy with the use of Thermoelectric Module and
Photovoltaic Module for generation of energy or simply direct electricity which
we further use for cooling and heating effect. It is basically a portable cooler
which is mainly designed for the convenience of the travelling people and the
militaries. The most important utilization of this portable cooler is for the
preservation of insulin in extreme conditions. A Thermoelectric module (TEM) is
used instead of compressor so that it become portable, as it is based on the
principles of peltier effect. The use of peltier effect is to create a heating side and
a cooling side and also to maintain effectiveness.
Experimental investigation and analysis on a
thermoelectric refrigerator driven by solar cells

Experimental investigation and performance analysis on a solar cell driven,
thermoelectric refrigerator has been conducted. Research interest focused
on testing the system performance under sunshine. Experiment results
demonstrated that the unit could maintain the temperature in the
refrigerator at 5–101C, and have a COP about 0.3. Further analysis
indicated that the performance of the system is strongly dependent on
intensity of solar insolation and temperature difference of hot and cold
sides for the thermoelectric module, etc. There exist optimum solar
insolation rates, which let the cooling production and COP achieve
maximum value, respectively. It was expected that the refrigerator would be
potential for cold storage of vaccine, food and drink in remote area, or
outdoor conditions where electric power supply is

Solar-powered cooling systems: Technical and economic analysis on

industrial refrigeration and air-conditioning applications
In the last years, the growing demand for air conditioning has caused a
significant increase in demand for primary energy resources. Solar-
powered cooling is one of the technologies which allows to obtain, by
using the renewable solar source, an important energy saving compared to
traditional air conditioning plants. The paper describes different technical
installations for solar cooling, their way of operation,advantages and limits.
The objective of the present study has been to analyze the technical and
economic feasibility of solar absorption cooling systems, designed for two
different application fields: industrial refrigeration and air conditioning. The
possibility to replace or integrate the existing plants is studied,by
considering the refrigeration requirements of a company, which works in
meat manufacturing, and the heating and cooling demands of a hotel
located in a tourist town in Italy. In the first case, the system
comprises an absorption chiller coupled to solar flat plate collectors,
whereas the second application is about a hybrid trigeneration plant, known
as thermo-solar trigeneration; this option allows having greater operational
flexibility at sites with demand for energy in the form of heating as well as
cooling, for example in a hotel. In this way the authors could compare
different results obtained by a technical and economic experimental
analysis based on existing users and evaluate the advantages and
disadvantages in order to suggest the best solution for the two studied