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# PROJECT NAME: Sunkoshi Marine Diversion Project, Nepal

## 1.HPP Design Calculation

Reference : According to ASCE manual No. 79, AWWA M11:1989, Buried Steel Penstocks - 2nd
Edition, 1998, Technical Standards for Gates and Penstock

Design Data

## Total Length Penstock including. Steel liner = 380 m

Inside Diameter = 4600 mm
Design External Pressure (Embedded portion) = 0.51 Kg.f/cm^2
Corrosion Allowance = 2 mm
Min. Shell Thickness = 14.00 mm
Max. Shell Thickness = 20.00 mm
Temperature variation during water filling operation = 25 degrees
Welding coefficient during shop welding = 0.95
Welding coefficient during field welding = 0.9
Material for Main Pipe = S275 NL EN10025-3

## Where, Δx = Horizontal Deflection

D= Pipe inside diameter
Dl= Deflection Lag Factor = 1.1
K = Bedding Constant = 0.1
E' = Modulous of Soil Reaction
W = Load per unit of Sheel length (W= Wc+Wl)
t = shell thickness
I = Transverse moment of Inertia per unit length of shell wall = bt^3/12
E = Modulous of Elasticity

SMDP
Where:
qa =allowable buckling pressure
FS = 1.5 (As per Tender Document)
D = diameter of pipe
Rw = water buoyancy factor
= 1- 0.33(hwlh), 0 :s; hw :s; h
hw = height of water surface above top of pipe=0
h = height of ground surface above top of pipe
B' = empirical coefficient of elastic support (dimensionless) = 1
1 + 4e(-0.065H)
H = height of fill above pipe
E' = modulus of soil reaction (see Table 6-1)
EI = pipe wall stiffness (see Eq 6-5)

## Normal Pipe Installations

For determination of external loads in normal pipe installations, use the following
equation:

Where:
hw = height of water above conduit
Yw = specific weight of water = 0.0361 lb/cu in. (0.0098 kPalmm3)
Pu =internal vacuum pressure=atmospheric pressure less absolute pressure inside pipe
We = vertical soil load on pipe per unit length, in lb/in. (kPalmm)
In some situations, live loads should be considered as well. However, simultaneous
application of live-load and internal-vacuum transients need not normally be considered.

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Therefore, if live loads are also considered, the buckling requirement is satisfied by

Where:
WL =live load on the pipe per unit length

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Stress due to internal water pressure under fully filled condition:

## i. Circular stress due to internal water pressure

σc= PD/2(t-ϵ)

Where,
P= Internal Water Pressure, Kg.f/cm2
Do= Diameter of penstock pipe, cm
t= Shell thickness without corrosion allowance, cm
ϵ= corrosion allowance, cm

## ii. Axial stress:

Where,
σB= bending stress , Kg.f/cm^2
σB= M/Z

##  W   GW. Sin  /  . DmG ..Sin

t  /  . Dm . t
σR= axial stress due to internal water pressure acting on reducing pipe

2^2) /hPw

## σT= Stress due to temperature variation, kg.f/cm2

 TT    . E . . E t.  t

## σP= Stress due to poisson's effect. Kg.f/cm2

 PP    .  .1 1

## Total Axial Stress

 2  B  W  R  T  P
The combined stress in penstock shell is,

  1^12^22^22^21X21X3^2  3 ^2

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ΣG= Pipe weight meaured from upstream to given section,Kg.f
α= Penstock Inclination angle,
Dm= Pipe diametr at the centre of shell thickness,cm
D1= Internal Diameter of pipe at big end of reducer,cm
D2= External diameter of pipe at small end, cm
Hp= Design head at smaller end of shell,cm
W= Sp. Wt. of water,Kg/m3
α= Linear expansivity of steel,1.2E(-5)/deg C
ν= Poisson's ration of steel,0.3
τ= Shearing stress (thrust force), Kg.f/cm2= (Pr/2t)
Ar= Cross-section area of stiffner rings,cm^2

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PROJECT NAME: Sunkoshi Marine Diversion Project
Hydraulic Steel Structure ANNEX-2

## HPP Design Calculation

(According to ASCE manual No. 79, AWWA M11:1989, Buried Steel Penstocks - 2nd
Edition, 1998), ASWP MANUAL VOLUME 2, Technical Standards for Gates and
Penstock)
Thickness Calcualtion- HPP

## Type Buried type

σh Allowable Stress (S275) 1436.02327 kg/cm2
e
As per " Corrosion allowance 2 mm 0.2 cm
η
Technical Welding efficiency 0.9
standards
ω for Specific Weight of Water 1000 kg/m3
gates and
Penstock",
Length (uptothe
bifurcation point 380 m
minimum
Diameter(Internal)
plate 4600 mm
Pressure rise
thickness for 40%
handling is
( D  800)
t 
400
th = 13.5 mm
say, 14 mm

## Es= Modulus of elasticity 2100000.00 kg/cm2

v = poisson's ratio 0.30
Upsurge at surge tank (EL) 474.00 m
Penstock lower level at inlet side of turbin 407.98 m
Max. Press. rise head at lowest level of
92.43 m
penstock
Total Length of penstock 380.00 m 38000 cm
S275 NL
Steel Density (Kg/m^3)
7850.00

## Design codes followed

1. ASCE manuals and reports on engineering practice No.79
2. AWWA manual of water supply practice M11, second edition
3. AISI, Steel plate engineering data - Vol.4 (Buried Steel Penstocks - second edition 1998)

From AISI, Steel plate engineering data - Vol.4 (Buried Steel Penstocks - second edition 1998) , section
3.4, Page 21 minimum thickness for handling is t = D+20/400 which gives minimum handling thickness as
13.50mm.

SMDP
Steel Liner and Penstock thickness Calculation

Static Level Head at various with Length of Thickness due to Pi thickness Adopted thickness tH
Section Elevation Internal pressure Diameter Allowable stress Corro. Allow. I
sections (m) pressure Sections t
rise 40%

## m m m m Kgf/cm2 N/mm2 m mm cm in f m N/mm2 mm cm mm in mm mm inch cm inch3

Section 1 442.08 474 31.92 44.688 4.47 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.81 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 2 442.07 474 31.93 44.702 4.47 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.81 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 3 442.06 474 31.94 44.716 4.47 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.82 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 4 442.05 474 31.95 44.73 4.47 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.82 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 5 442.04 474 31.96 44.744 4.47 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.82 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 6 442.03 474 31.97 44.758 4.47 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.82 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 7 442.02 474 31.98 44.772 4.48 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.83 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 8 442.01 474 31.99 44.786 4.48 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.83 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 9 442 474 32 44.8 4.48 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.83 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 10 441.99 474 32.01 44.814 4.48 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.83 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 11 441.98 474 32.02 44.828 4.48 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.84 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 12 441.97 474 32.03 44.842 4.48 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.84 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 13 441.96 474 32.04 44.856 4.48 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.84 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 14 441.95 474 32.05 44.87 4.49 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.84 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 15 441.94 474 32.06 44.884 4.49 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.85 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 16 441.93 474 32.07 44.898 4.49 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.85 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 17 441.92 474 32.08 44.912 4.49 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.85 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 18 441.91 474 32.09 44.926 4.49 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.85 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 19 441.9 474 32.1 44.94 4.49 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.86 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 20 441.89 474 32.11 44.954 4.49 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.86 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 21 441.88 474 32.12 44.968 4.50 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.86 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 22 441.87 474 32.13 44.982 4.50 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.86 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 23 441.86 474 32.14 44.996 4.50 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.87 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 24 441.85 474 32.15 45.01 4.50 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.87 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 25 441.84 474 32.16 45.024 4.50 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.87 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 26 441.83 474 32.17 45.038 4.50 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.87 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 27 441.82 474 32.18 45.052 4.50 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.88 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 28 441.81 474 32.19 45.066 4.51 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.88 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 29 441.8 474 32.2 45.08 4.51 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.88 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 30 441.79 474 32.21 45.094 4.51 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.88 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 31 441.78 474 32.22 45.108 4.51 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.89 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 32 441.77 474 32.23 45.122 4.51 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.89 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 33 441.76 474 32.24 45.136 4.51 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.89 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 34 441.75 474 32.25 45.15 4.51 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.89 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 35 441.74 474 32.26 45.164 4.52 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.90 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 36 441.73 474 32.27 45.178 4.52 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.90 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 37 441.72 474 32.28 45.192 4.52 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.90 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 38 441.71 474 32.29 45.206 4.52 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.90 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 39 441.7 474 32.3 45.22 4.52 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.91 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 40 441.69 474 32.31 45.234 4.52 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.91 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 41 441.68 474 32.32 45.248 4.52 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.91 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 42 441.67 474 32.33 45.262 4.53 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.91 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 43 441.66 474 32.34 45.276 4.53 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.91 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 44 441.65 474 32.35 45.29 4.53 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.92 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 45 441.64 474 32.36 45.304 4.53 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.92 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 46 441.63 474 32.37 45.318 4.53 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.92 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 47 441.62 474 32.38 45.332 4.53 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.92 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 48 441.61 474 32.39 45.346 4.53 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.93 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 49 441.6 474 32.4 45.36 4.54 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.93 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 50 441.59 474 32.41 45.374 4.54 0.44 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.93 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 51 441.58 474 32.42 45.388 4.54 0.45 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.93 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01

SMDP
Section 52 441.57 474 32.43 45.402 4.54 0.45 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.94 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 53 441.56 474 32.44 45.416 4.54 0.45 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.94 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 54 441.55 474 32.45 45.43 4.54 0.45 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.94 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 55 441.54 474 32.46 45.444 4.54 0.45 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.94 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 56 441.53 474 32.47 45.458 4.54 0.45 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 9.95 0.39 13.50 14.00 0.55 1.40 0.01
Section 57 440.02 474 33.98 47.572 4.76 0.47 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 10.32 0.41 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 58 437.78 474 36.22 50.708 5.07 0.50 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 10.86 0.43 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 59 435.04 474 38.959 54.5426 5.45 0.53 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 11.53 0.45 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 60 433.04 474 40.96 57.344 5.73 0.56 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 12.02 0.47 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 61 430.67 474 43.33 60.662 6.06 0.59 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 12.60 0.50 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 62 428.3 474 45.7 63.98 6.40 0.63 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 13.18 0.52 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 63 425.92 474 48.08 67.312 6.73 0.66 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 13.77 0.54 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 64 423.55 474 50.45 70.63 7.06 0.69 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 14.35 0.56 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 65 421.18 474 52.82 73.948 7.39 0.73 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 14.93 0.59 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 66 418.81 474 55.19 77.266 7.73 0.76 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 15.51 0.61 13.50 16.00 0.63 1.60 0.02
Section 67 416.44 474 57.56 80.584 8.06 0.79 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 16.09 0.63 13.50 18.00 0.71 1.80 0.03
Section 68 414.07 474 59.93 83.902 8.39 0.82 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 16.67 0.66 13.50 18.00 0.71 1.80 0.03
Section 69 411.69 474 62.31 87.234 8.72 0.86 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 17.25 0.68 13.50 18.00 0.71 1.80 0.03
Section 70 409.32 474 64.68 90.552 9.05 0.89 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 17.83 0.70 13.50 18.00 0.71 1.80 0.03
Section 71 407.98 474 66.02 92.428 9.24 0.91 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 18.16 0.71 13.50 20.00 0.79 2.00 0.04
Section 72 407.98 474 66.02 92.428 9.24 0.91 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 18.16 0.71 13.50 20.00 0.79 2.00 0.04
Section 73 407.98 474 66.02 92.428 9.24 0.91 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 18.16 0.71 13.50 20.00 0.79 2.00 0.04
Section 74 407.98 474 66.02 92.428 9.24 0.91 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 18.16 0.71 13.50 20.00 0.79 2.00 0.04
Section 75 407.98 474 66.02 92.428 9.24 0.91 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 18.16 0.71 13.50 20.00 0.79 2.00 0.04
Section 76 407.98 474 66.02 92.428 9.24 0.91 5 4600 460 181.10 15.09 4.60 143.33 2.00 0.20 18.16 0.71 13.50 20.00 0.79 2.00 0.04

SMDP
Stress Analysis of Steel liners and penstock pipe

## Total Axial Stress,σ 2,

Coefcient of linear
Pipe Diameter Axial Stress,Kg/cm²

Combined Stress,σ,
wt of water+ wt of

expansion of steel

Circular Stress,,σ1

Shear Stress,
weight of Density of weight of

steel,kg

Kg/cm²
section length Density of Weight of Bending section
steel in

Stress due to
Section

temperature
Pipe weight

Poisson's efect
) steel steel water water moment modulous,

Reducing pipe
stress,σ w
stress,σ b

stress,σT
variation
section

Bending

stress, σ P
stress,σ R
Po Pi

cm kg/m3 m m kg/m kg kg/m3 kg/m kg/m kg-cm cm3 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2
Section 1 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 856.35 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 0.16 7.32 661.86 0.00 777.57
Section 2 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 856.62 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 0.16 7.32 661.86 0.00 777.75
Section 3 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 856.89 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 0.16 7.32 661.86 0.00 777.93
Section 4 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 857.15 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 0.16 7.32 661.86 0.00 778.11
Section 5 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 857.42 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 0.16 7.32 661.86 0.00 778.29
Section 6 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 857.69 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 0.16 7.32 661.86 0.00 778.47
Section 7 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 857.96 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 0.16 7.32 661.86 0.00 778.66
Section 8 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 858.23 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 779.65
Section 9 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 858.49 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 779.84
Section 10 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 858.76 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 780.02
Section 11 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 859.03 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 780.20
Section 12 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 859.30 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 780.38
Section 13 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 859.57 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 780.56
Section 14 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 859.84 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 780.74
Section 15 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 860.10 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 780.92
Section 16 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 860.37 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 781.10
Section 17 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 860.64 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 781.29
Section 18 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 860.91 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 781.47
Section 19 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 861.18 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 781.65
Section 20 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 861.45 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 781.83
Section 21 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 861.71 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 782.01
Section 22 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 861.98 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 782.19
Section 23 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 862.25 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 782.37
Section 24 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 862.52 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 782.56
Section 25 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 862.79 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 782.74
Section 26 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 863.06 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 782.92
Section 27 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 863.32 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 783.10
Section 28 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 863.59 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 783.28
Section 29 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 863.86 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 783.47
Section 30 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 864.13 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 783.65
Section 31 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 864.40 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 783.83
Section 32 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 864.67 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 784.01
Section 33 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 864.93 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 784.19
Section 34 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 865.20 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 784.38
Section 35 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 865.47 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 784.56
Section 36 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 865.74 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 784.74
Section 37 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 866.01 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 784.92
Section 38 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 866.28 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 785.11
Section 39 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 866.54 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 785.29
Section 40 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 866.81 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 785.47
Section 41 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 867.08 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 785.65
Section 42 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 867.35 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 785.84
Section 43 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 867.62 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 786.02
Section 44 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 867.88 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 786.20
Section 45 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 868.15 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 786.38
Section 46 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 868.42 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 786.57
Section 47 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 868.69 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.88 7.32 664.58 0.00 786.75
Section 48 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 868.96 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 786.82

SMDP
Section 49 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 869.23 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 787.00
Section 50 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 869.49 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 787.19
Section 51 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 869.76 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 787.37
Section 52 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 870.03 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 787.55
Section 53 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 870.30 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 787.74
Section 54 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 870.57 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 787.92
Section 55 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 870.84 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 788.10
Section 56 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1593.034 7965.172 1000.00 16619.03 18212.06 5691268.61 233378.76 0.000012 871.10 24.39 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.49 7.32 664.20 0.00 788.29
Section 57 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 781.38 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 728.51
Section 58 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 832.89 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 761.48
Section 59 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 895.88 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 804.45
Section 60 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 941.89 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 837.44
Section 61 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 996.39 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 878.03
Section 62 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 1050.89 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 920.07
Section 63 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 1105.62 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 963.53
Section 64 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 1160.12 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 1007.91
Section 65 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 1214.62 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 1053.23
Section 66 500.000 7850.00 4.63 4.60 1821.400 9107.000 1000.00 16619.03 18440.43 5762632.83 266835.70 0.000012 1269.12 21.60 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.44 6.48 660.52 0.00 1099.39
Section 67 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2049.963 10249.814 1000.00 16619.03 18668.99 5834058.71 300322.14 0.000012 1158.16 19.43 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.40 5.83 657.66 0.00 1006.07
Section 68 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2049.963 10249.814 1000.00 16619.03 18668.99 5834058.71 300322.14 0.000012 1205.85 19.43 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.40 5.83 657.66 0.00 1045.73
Section 69 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2049.963 10249.814 1000.00 16619.03 18668.99 5834058.71 300322.14 0.000012 1253.74 19.43 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.40 5.83 657.66 0.00 1086.21
Section 70 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2049.963 10249.814 1000.00 16619.03 18668.99 5834058.71 300322.14 0.000012 1301.42 19.43 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.40 5.83 657.66 0.00 1127.09
Section 71 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2278.723 11393.614 1000.00 16619.03 18897.75 5905546.24 333838.15 0.000012 1180.79 17.69 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.38 5.31 655.37 0.00 1024.65
Section 72 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2278.723 11393.614 1000.00 16619.03 18897.75 5905546.24 333838.15 0.000012 1180.79 17.69 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.38 5.31 655.37 0.00 1024.65
Section 73 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2278.723 11393.614 1000.00 16619.03 18897.75 5905546.24 333838.15 0.000012 1180.79 17.69 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.38 5.31 655.37 0.00 1024.65
Section 74 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2278.723 11393.614 1000.00 16619.03 18897.75 5905546.24 333838.15 0.000012 1180.79 17.69 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.38 5.31 655.37 0.00 1024.65
Section 75 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2278.723 11393.614 1000.00 16619.03 18897.75 5905546.24 333838.15 0.000012 1180.79 17.69 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.74 5.31 655.74 0.00 1024.68
Section 76 500.000 7850.00 4.64 4.60 2278.723 11393.614 1000.00 16619.03 18897.75 5905546.24 333838.15 0.000012 1180.79 17.69 0.00 0.00 630.00 2.74 5.31 655.74 0.00 1024.68

## Total length (m) 380.000

SMDP
If Allowable Pipe
backfll,w,lb/f^3

calculated pipe
deflection the
deflection,in.
Depth of Depth of

deflection >

thickness is
E steel Mean Radius,r Pipe Outside Dia,Bc

Unit wt of

Allo. Pipe
cover cover E 90% Pipe
W=Wc+ W=Wc+WL,
steel,kg.f/ Dl K compacti Wc,lb/f. Wl,lb/f. WL,lb/f lb/inch deflection, h/d
cm^2 on,E',psi inch

f lb/inch2
m mm in cm mm f. inch m
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09

SMDP
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2307.00 90.83 230.70 1500.00 4628.00 15.18 181.88 4.628 120.00 2490.77 0.00 2490.77 209.22 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2308.00 90.87 230.80 1500.00 4632.00 15.20 182.04 4.632 120.00 2492.92 0.00 2492.92 209.41 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2309.00 90.91 230.90 1500.00 4636.00 15.21 182.19 4.636 120.00 2495.07 0.00 2495.07 209.59 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2309.00 90.91 230.90 1500.00 4636.00 15.21 182.19 4.636 120.00 2495.07 0.00 2495.07 209.59 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2309.00 90.91 230.90 1500.00 4636.00 15.21 182.19 4.636 120.00 2495.07 0.00 2495.07 209.59 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2309.00 90.91 230.90 1500.00 4636.00 15.21 182.19 4.636 120.00 2495.07 0.00 2495.07 209.59 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2310.00 90.94 231.00 1500.00 4640.00 15.22 182.35 4.64 120.00 2497.23 0.00 2497.23 209.77 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2310.00 90.94 231.00 1500.00 4640.00 15.22 182.35 4.64 120.00 2497.23 0.00 2497.23 209.77 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2310.00 90.94 231.00 1500.00 4640.00 15.22 182.35 4.64 120.00 2497.23 0.00 2497.23 209.77 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2310.00 90.94 231.00 1500.00 4640.00 15.22 182.35 4.64 120.00 2497.23 0.00 2497.23 209.77 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2310.00 90.94 231.00 1500.00 4640.00 15.22 182.35 4.64 120.00 2497.23 0.00 2497.23 209.77 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09
5.00 16.40 2100000 1.10 0.10 ### 2310.00 90.94 231.00 1500.00 4640.00 15.22 182.35 4.64 120.00 2497.23 0.00 2497.23 209.77 0.25 9.06 safe 1.09

SMDP
Actual Wt of steel in (kg)
Combined Stress,σ,

Allowable stress

Remarks

Remarks
N/mm2 N/mm2
76.28 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.30 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.31 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.33 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.35 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.37 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.39 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.48 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.50 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.52 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.54 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.56 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.57 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.59 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.61 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.63 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.64 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.66 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.68 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.70 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.72 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.73 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.75 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.77 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.79 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.80 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.82 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.84 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.86 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.88 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.89 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.91 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.93 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.95 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.97 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
76.98 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.00 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.02 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.04 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.05 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.07 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.09 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.11 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.13 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.14 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.16 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.18 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.19 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL

SMDP
77.21 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.22 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.24 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.26 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.28 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.29 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.31 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
77.33 143.33 safe 7965.172 S275 NL
71.47 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
74.70 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
78.92 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
82.15 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
86.14 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
90.26 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
94.52 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
98.88 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
103.32 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
107.85 143.33 safe 9107.000 S275 NL
98.70 143.33 safe 10249.814 S275 NL
102.59 143.33 safe 10249.814 S275 NL
106.56 143.33 safe 10249.814 S275 NL
110.57 143.33 safe 10249.814 S275 NL
100.52 143.33 safe 11393.614 S275 NL
100.52 143.33 safe 11393.614 S275 NL
100.52 143.33 safe 11393.614 S275 NL
100.52 143.33 safe 11393.614 S275 NL
100.52 143.33 safe 11393.614 S275 NL
100.52 143.33 safe 11393.614 S275 NL
Total weight (Ton) 646.481

SMDP
above top of pipe,Hw

qA while considering

qA while considering
internal vacuum,psi
pressure,kg.f/cm^2
Allowable buckling

Allowable buckling
ht of water surface

vacuum,kg.f/cm^2
Internal vacuum

Internal vacuum
pressure ,qA,Psi

qA,Kg.f/cm^2
Safety factor

pressure,psi
pressure,

Remarks
1/

internal
4 X e^(-
Rw EI (1+4e)^(-.0065
0.065*H) H)

1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe

SMDP
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 24.92 1.75 7.25 0.51 21.04 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 30.41 2.14 7.25 0.51 21.05 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 36.24 2.55 7.25 0.51 21.06 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 36.24 2.55 7.25 0.51 21.06 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 36.24 2.55 7.25 0.51 21.06 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 36.24 2.55 7.25 0.51 21.06 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 42.39 2.98 7.25 0.51 21.08 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 42.39 2.98 7.25 0.51 21.08 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 42.39 2.98 7.25 0.51 21.08 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 42.39 2.98 7.25 0.51 21.08 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 42.39 2.98 7.25 0.51 21.08 1.48 safe
1.50 1.00 1.00 ### 1.38 0.42 42.39 2.98 7.25 0.51 21.08 1.48 safe

SMDP