Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 26

International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering, 13(2) 9-34 (2017)

CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF NUMERICAL MODELLING


OF UNIQUE STRUCTURES AND BUILDINGS
Alexander M. Belostotsky1,2,3,4, Pavel A. Akimov1,2,4,5, Irina N. Afanasyeva1,2,
Taymuraz B. Kaytukov2,5
1
Scientific Research Center “StaDyO”, Moscow, RUSSIA
2
National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Moscow, RUSSIA
3
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, RUSSIA
4
Research Institute of Building Physics of Russian Academy
of Architecture and Construction Sciences, Moscow, RUSSIA
5
Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, Moscow, RUSSIA

Abstract: The distinctive paper is devoted to contemporary problems of numerical modelling of unique struc-
tures, buildings and facilities and corresponding directions of activity of Scientific Research Center “StaDyO”
including development, verification and use of corresponding software, development and refinement of methods
of structural analysis, solution of scientific and technical problems, scientific and educational activity. Experi-
ence in theoretical and practical computational analysis is under consideration as well (26-year history).

Keywords: numerical modelling, computational analysis, structural analysis, structures, buildings, software

АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ
ЧИСЛЕННОГО МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЯ СОСТОЯНИЯ
ЗДАНИЙ, СООРУЖЕНИЙ И КОМПЛЕКСОВ
А.М. Белостоцкий1,2,3,4, П.А. Акимов1,2,4,5, И.Н. Афанасьева1,2,
Т.Б. Кайтуков2,5
1
ЗАО «Научно-исследовательский центр «СтаДиО», г. Москва, РОССИЯ
2
Национальный исследовательский Московский государственный строительный университет,
г. Москва, РОССИЯ
3
Пермский национальный исследовательский политехнический университет, г. Пермь, РОССИЯ
4
Научно-исследовательский институт строительной физики Российской академии
архитектуры и строительных наук, г. Москва, РОССИЯ
5
Российская академия архитектуры и строительных наук, г. Москва, РОССИЯ

Аннотация: В настоящей статье рассматриваются актуальные проблемы численного моделирования со-


стояния зданий, сооружений и комплексов, а также соответствующие направления деятельности ЗАО
«Научно-исследовательский центр СтаДиО» (НИЦ СтаДиО), включая вопросы разработки, верификации
и апробации соответствующего программного обеспечения, реализации образовательных проектов, а
также исследования и развития численных и численно-аналитических методов решения актуальных
научно-технических задач. Кроме того, приводятся краткие сведения о 26-летнем опыте коллектива НИЦ
СтаДиО в области расчетно-теоретических исследований пространственного температурного и напря-
женно-деформированного состояния, устойчивости, прочности и надежности трубопроводов, технологи-
ческого, электротехнического и подъемно-транспортного оборудования, машин и механизмов, систем
«оборудование – трубопроводы», строительных конструкций, систем «основание – наземное сооруже-
ние» и «основание – подземное сооружение» особо ответственных объектов при учете нормативно ре-
гламентированных и фактических сочетаний температурных, статических, ветровых, эксплуатационных
(вибрации) и особых динамических (сейсмических, ударно-волновых, аварийных и других) воздействий.

Ключевые слова: численное моделирование, комплексы программ, здания и сооружения

9
Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

1. INTRODUCTION 2. DIRECTIONS OF ACTIVITY


OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH CENTER
International and Russian experience, reflected “STADYO”
in the numerous papers and monographs, well-
known events in the recent years in various cit- 2.1. Contemporary problems of mathemati-
ies all over the world indicate that problem of cal modelling of unique structures, buildings
technological safety of metropolis is rather ac- and facilities.
tual, science-intensive and, unfortunately, still Directions of activity of SRC “StaDyO” include
far from practical solution. An effective and the following contemporary problems of math-
economically justified solution of these prob- ematical modelling of unique structures, build-
lems is normally based on predictive mathemat- ings and facilities:
ical modeling of state (static and dynamic x modelling of interaction of buildings and
stress-strain state, gas- and hydrodynamic state, structures with a foundation with allowance
thermal state, etc.) of structures, buildings and for real properties, stage-by-stage construc-
facilities with the use of corresponding univer- tion and actual operation history;
sal and specialized software systems, realizing x structural analysis with allowance for physi-
numerical methods of mechanics (fluid mechan- cal, geometrical and other nonlinearities
ics, gas dynamics, solid mechanics, structural (plasticity of metal, creep and crack for-
mechanics) [11,12, 18-22,24-26]. In accordance mation of reinforced concrete, nonlinear rhe-
with the state-of-the-art concept mathematical ology of the foundation, large displacements,
models must accompany objects at all stages of loss of stability, postbuckling behaviour, con-
their life cycle (design and construction, opera- tact problems (friction separation, etc.)) [15-
tion, repair and reconstruction), providing an 17];
adequate and complete analysis and forecast of x structural analysis with allowance for struc-
the state as part of computer-based structural tural and technological specificity (structural
health monitoring systems [13]. Scientific (constructive) nonlinearity, genetic nonline-
Research Center “StaDyO” (SRC “StaDyO”) arity) of buildings and facilities (construction
was founded in Moscow in 1991 as one of the sequence, stage-by-stage construction, sensi-
Russian pioneers offering and performing tivity of buildings and structures, assessment
computer-oriented computation services for of the quality of the constructive solution
industrial purposes. Problems dealing with from the position of the sensitivity of the
effects of static, temperature and dynamic loads stress-strain state to corresponding design
on complex buildings, equipment and pipelines deviations) [15-17];
of nuclear and hydro power plants, wind x numerical modelling of wind flows and loads
structures, offshore structures etc. are under (average and pulsation components, loads on
consideration. SRC “StaDyO” develops and facade structures, pedestrian comfort, vortex
distributes computer-aided design systems as resonance oscillations), experimental valida-
well as the respective specialized software. tions of wind load analysis;
Besides, SRC “StaDyO” distributes technical x seismic analysis (with allowance for acceler-
software in the area of structural mechanics and ation spectra (versions of the linear-spectral
other related areas. During twenty six years theory), accelerograms, platform models,
SRC “StaDyO” worked in the field of design wave effects) [14];
and numerical analysis of structures, equipment x progressive collapse analysis of buildings
and pipe systems of nuclear power plants, hydro and facilities with allowance for real dynam-
power stations and dam constructions, offshore ic highly nonlinear effects of elastoviscoplas-
structures and other complicated systems. ticity and large displacements;

10 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

Figure 1. Proprietary software systems based on superelement method


(substructuring method):universal (STADYO) and object-oriented (ASTRA-NOVA).

x development and refinement of methods and design, development and verification of proprie-
algorithms for solution of large-scale compu- tary software systems (Figure 1). STADYO is
tational problems (direct and iterative solv- the universal software system providing temper-
ers, superelement technology, adaptive ature fields, static, stability and dynamic analy-
schemes, parallelizing, etc.); sis (including response spectra and accelerations
x development of calibratable mathematical definition) as well as fracture mechanics and
and computer models as part of structural strength analysis and optimization of arbitrary
health monitoring systems at the stages of combined 2-D and 3-D solid, shell, plate and
erection and operation of buildings and fa- beam mechanical systems by the finite ele-
cilities; ments, superelement and other modern numeri-
x application of algorithms of aerodynamics cal methods. STADYO is verified and certifi-
for modelling of snow sedimentations, explo- cated in Gosatomnadzor RF (State Nuclear
sion loads and distribution of hazardous Safety Commission of the Russian Federation),
emissions; it is applied in the leading design and research
x numerical modelling of three-dimensional institutes and plants (for instance, Atomener-
non-stationary problems of fire resistance; goproject (Russia), Hydroporoject (Russia),
x solution of coupled problems of aerohydroe- Teploenergoproject (Russia), Energoproject
lasticity. (Bulgaria), Siemens AG (Germany), etc.)). AS-
TRA-NOVA is the software system for nuclear
2.2. Development and verification of software. power plants, fuel power plants, which provides
During twenty six years specialists from SRC petroleum pipelines stress-strain analysis in ac-
“StaDyO” successfully worked in the field of cordance with existing Russian and international
design codes (Figure 3).
Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 11
Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Figure 2. Software systems for analysis of loads and effects, strength and stability
of structures, buildings and facilities.

Figure 3. Modeling of complex supporting structures and equipment


in the ASTRA-NOVA software system (sample).

12 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

SyMonEx is informational & diagnostic com- Analytical solution along basic direction is ap-
puter system of monitoring and expert safety parently preferable in all aspects for qualitative
evaluation of complicated power energetic analysis of calculation data. It allows investiga-
structures. These software systems have power- tor to consider boundary effects when some
ful pre- and postprocessors, which allow to pre- components of solution are rapidly varying
pare input data and analyse results, correspond functions. Due to the abrupt decrease inside of
to world standards and can work together with mesh elements in many cases their rate of
various modern CAD/CAM systems and data change can’t be adequately considered by con-
bases. Besides, it is vital to specify the follow- ventional numerical methods while analytics
ing activities: enables study. Another feature of discrete-
x review of results of structural analysis with continual methods is the absence of limitations
the use of verified software; on lengths of structures. Hence it appears that in
x training of specialists-users of software sys- this context discrete-continual methods are pe-
tems which provide mathematical modelling culiarly relevant.
of structures, buildings and facilities; Solution of corresponding resultant systems of
x qualification tests and certification of special- equations with immense number of unknowns is
ists dealing with computational structural the most time-consuming stage of the compu-
analysis and corresponding experts reports; ting, especially if we take into account the limi-
x verification of numerical methods and soft- tation in performance of personal computers,
ware used in design and structural analysis; contemporary software and necessity to obtain
x construction and technical expertise of build- correct solution in a reasonable time. However,
ings and facilities (including cases of local high-accuracy solution at all points of the model
destruction). is not required normally, it is necessary to find
only the most accurate solution in some pre-
2.3 Development and refinement of methods known domains. Generally the choice of these
of structural analysis. domains is a priori data with respect to the
Research and development of numerical (finite structure being modeled. Designers usually
element method, boundary element method, var- choose domains with the so-called edge effect
iation-difference method, meshless method, fi- (with the risk of significant stresses that could
nite volume method etc.) and semianalytical potentially lead to the destruction of structures,
(discrete-continual) methods of structural analy- etc.) and regions which are subject to specific
sis [1-10,23] are the most important aspects of operational requirements. It is obvious that the
ensuring safety of structures and buildings. stress-strain state in such domains is of para-
Particularly the field of application of discrete- mount importance. Specified factors along with
continual methods (discrete-continual finite el- the obvious needs of the designer or researcher
ement method, discrete-continual boundary el- to reduce computational costs by application of
ement method, discrete-continual variation- sophisticated correct discrete and discrete-
difference method), which are now becoming continual methods cause considerable urgency
available for computer realization, comprises of constructing of special algorithms for obtain-
structures with regular (in particular, constant or ing local solutions (in some domains known in
piecewise constant) physical and geometrical advance) of boundary problems. Wavelet analy-
parameters in some dimension (so-called sis provides effective and popular tool for such
“basic” direction (dimension)). Considering researches. Solution of the considering problem
problems remain continual along “basic” direc- within multilevel wavelet analysis is represented
tion while along other directions discrete- as a composition of local and global compo-
continual methods presuppose corresponding nents.
mesh approximation.

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 13


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

2.4 Educational activities and mechanisms, structures, coupled sys-


Leading specialists of SRC “StaDyO” are close- tems “equipment – pipelines”, “foundation
ly involved in development, updating and reali- – overground structure”, “foundation –
zation of Master of Science programs (in the subground structure” of buildings, facilities
fields of “Applied Mathematics” and “Construc- and complexes, with allowance for design
tion”) and PhD programs (in the fields of “In- and actual load combinations (including
formatics and Computer Engineering” and “En- temperature loads, static loads, wind loads,
gineering and technology of construction”). Be- operational load (vibrations), special dy-
sides, we should also mention here the follow- namic loads (seismic, shock-wave, emer-
ing activities: gency and other)):
x “open lectures”, specialized training courses, x reactor compartments, engine rooms,
seminars, counseling (including counseling generator halls, turbine buildings, re-
in the preparation of graduate qualification serve diesel power plants and cooling
works); towers of nuclear power plants (NPP)
x training of specialists within the programs of and waste storages (Armenian, Kursk,
supplementary vocational education in the Smolensk, Chernobyl, Leningrad, Ig-
fields of large-span and high-rise buildings, nalina, Bilibino, Novovoronezh, Kola,
underground structures, nuclear, thermal and Balakovo, Volgodonsk, Kalinin, Zapo-
hydroelectric power stations, pipeline sys- rozhye, Beloyarsk, Lovisa, Kozloduy,
tems for various purposes etc); Belene, Paksh, Temelin, Stendal, Ku-
x organization and development of scientific dankulam, Tianwan, Bushehr, new gen-
research & educational centers and laborato- eration NPP (AS-NP 500, AS-NP 1000,
ries in leading Russian universities; NP 2006, NPP with WWER-TOI, etc.));
x organization and participation in Russian and x arched, gravity and earth dams, under-
international scientific events (conferences, ground structures and buildings of hy-
symposiums, seminars, etc.); droelectric power stations (Sayano-
x preparation of textbooks, tutorials and mono- Shushenskaya, Krasnoyarskaya,
graphs on topical problems of mathematical Bratskaya, Boguchanskaya, Zeyskaya,
and computer simulation of the condition of Bureyskaya, Vilyuyskaya, Katun,
buildings, structures and complexes. Chirkeiskaya, Volzhskaya, Kamskaya,
Inguri, Khudoni, Namakhvani, Kurpsai,
Nurek, Rogun, Plyavinskaya , Gekhi,
3. EXPERIENCE IN THEORETICAL AND Hoabin, Kapanda, Teri, Tang-E-Duk,
PRACTICAL COMPUTATIONAL etc.), hydroelectric pumped storage
ANALYSIS power stations (Zagorskaya), tidal hy-
droelectric stations, coast protection
The reliability of research results, methods, algo- structures, other hydraulic strctures;
rithms, software systems and results of analysis x unique and typical buildings and struc-
is provided by multilevel verification and great tures of civil engineering (roof of Grand
(more than 40-years) experience in theoretical Sports Arena of Luzhniki Olympic
and practical computational analysis including Complex (Moscow), the monument to
the following problems, specified below (Fig- the 300th anniversary of the Russian
ures 4-21). fleet (Moscow), underground parking of
1. Three-dimensional thermal and stress-strain shopping and entertainment mall
state, stability, strength and reliability of “Manezhnaya Square” (Moscow), sports
pipelines, technological, electrotechnical and fitness complex “Aquadrom”, ice
and lifting-transport equipment, machines stadium “Megasport” located on Kho-

14 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

Figure 4. Sample of computing of wind loads on load-bearing and facade structures and pedestrian
comfort of buildings of a residential complex , located at Pushkino, Moscow Region (ANSYS CFD).

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 15


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Figure 5. Sample of computing of wind loads on load-bearing and facade structures and pedestrian
comfort of buildings of a residential complex , located at Pushkino, Moscow Region (ANSYS CFD).

16 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

Finite element meshes of the computational domain.


Mesh 1 is used for computing of wind loads on façade and load-bearing structures
of the Complex. Mesh 2 is used for assessments of pedestrian comfort in the area of the Complex.

Structure of the mesh


in the pedestrian area
h=1.5 m
from the upper level of the
stylobate

Figure 6. Sample of computing of wind loads on load-bearing and facade structures and pedestrian
comfort of buildings of a residential complex , located at Pushkino, Moscow Region (ANSYS CFD).

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 17


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

The upper envelope of the maximum values of wind pressure (Pa)


on facade structures of the Complex
(Maximum - 972 Pa, Minimum – -49 Pa).

The lower envelope of the maximum values of wind pressure (Pa)


on facade structures of the Complex
(Maximum - -171 Pa, Minimum – -2231 Pa).

Figure 7. Sample of computing of wind loads on load-bearing and facade structures and pedestrian
comfort of buildings of a residential complex , located at Pushkino, Moscow Region (ANSYS CFD).

18 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

Angle of wind impact (°), at which the upper envelope


of the maximum values of wind pressure is realized on the facade structures of the Complex

Angle of wind impact (°), at which the lower envelope


of the minimum values of wind pressure is realized on the facade structures of the Complex

Figure 8. Sample of computing of wind loads on load-bearing and facade structures and pedestrian
comfort of buildings of a residential complex , located at Pushkino, Moscow Region (ANSYS CFD).

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 19


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Relative wind speeds with allowance for gusts


in pedestrian areas h=1.5 м. Angle 0° (North)

The first level of pedestrian comfort is the repeatability of wind speed in gusts 6 m/s (hour/year),
utilization factor Ө = 2. Permissible value – 1000 hours.

Figure 9. Sample of computing of wind loads on load-bearing and facade structures and pedestrian
comfort of buildings of a residential complex , located at Pushkino, Moscow Region (ANSYS CFD).

20 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

The second level of pedestrian comfort is the repeatability of wind speed in gusts 12 m/s
(hour/year), utilization factor Ө = 2. Permissible value – 50 hours.

The third level of pedestrian comfort is the repeatability of wind speed in gusts 20 m/s (hour/year),
utilization factor Ө = 2. Permissible value – 5 hours

Figure 10. Sample of computing of wind loads on load-bearing and facade structures and pedestrian
comfort of buildings of a residential complex , located at Pushkino, Moscow Region (ANSYS CFD).

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 21


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Computational domain(5.28 millions of elements) Surface mesh on cooling towers


(model with 5.28 million of elements)

Computational domain
with the indicated
boundary conditions.
Angle of wind impact

Figure 11. Wind aerodynamics. Evaporative cooling towers of Novovoronezh nuclear power
plant – 2 (sample). Three-dimensional CFD-model (ANSYS CFD).

22 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

The time is 7 seconds after the start of the


“movement” of the tornado. Pressure (Pa) on the
surface of the cooling towers, streamline pattern.

The time is 7 seconds after


the start of the “movement”
of the tornado.
Pressure (Pa) on the sur-
face of the cooling towers
and on the plane z = 10 m.

Total loads
(ton-force) FX
and FY on the
first and the
second cooling
towers caused by
tornado (s).

Figure 12. Wind aerodynamics. Evaporative cooling towers of Novovoronezh nuclear power
plant – 2 (sample). Three-dimensional CFD-model (ANSYS CFD).

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 23


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Figure 13. Wind aerodynamics. Evaporative cooling towers of Novovoronezh nuclear power
plant – 2 (sample). Three-dimensional CFD-model (ANSYS CFD).

24 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

Stress (tnf/m2) in column reinforcement.From -26650 to 43507 tnf/m2


Figure 14. Wind aerodynamics. Evaporative cooling towers of Novovoronezh nuclear power
plant – 2 (sample). Three-dimensional CFD-model (ANSYS CFD).

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 25


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Response spectra (cm/s2) for the Basic NPP-2006 Project, intensity 6 on the MSK-64 scale
Figure 15. Wind aerodynamics. Evaporative cooling towers of Novovoronezh nuclear power
plant – 2 (sample). Three-dimensional CFD-model (ANSYS CFD).

26 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

Figure 16. Wind aerodynamics. Evaporative cooling towers of Novovoronezh nuclear power
plant – 2 (sample). Three-dimensional CFD-model (ANSYS CFD).

dynka (Moscow), sports complex “Mos- Volgograd, Samara, Nizhny Novgorod


kvich” (Moscow), indoor swimming and Rostov-on-Don); multifunctional
pool of the “Iskra” sanatorium (Sochi), high-rise complexes (including Moscow
ice palace “Bolshoi” (Sochi), bobsleigh International Business Center “Moscow-
track “Sanki” and the ski complex “Gor- City”, Poklonnaya (Moscow), Profso-
ki” (Sochi, Winter Olympic Games – yuznaya (Moscow), Leningradskaya
2014), football stadiums of the World (Moscow), building located at Volgo-
Cup 2018 (“Zenit” (Saint-Petersburg), grad, Omsk, Vladivostok, Krasnodar,
“Spartak” (Moscow), stadiums located at Kiev, Astana), multi-block shopping and

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 27


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Nodal displacements UX, UY, UZ (mm) at a height of 63 m relative to base


(for three formulations): blue line – “continuous” MPC contact, red line – rigid foundation, green
dashed line – standard contact
Figure 17. Wind aerodynamics. Evaporative cooling towers of Novovoronezh nuclear power
plant – 2 (sample). Three-dimensional CFD-model (ANSYS CFD).

28 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

Figure 18. Analysis of stress-strain state, strength and stability of load-bearing structures
of football stadiums of the World Cup 2018 (ANSYS). Samples.

entertainment centers, multi-storey panel x arious bio- and nanostructures (for ex-
block sections and monolithic buildings, ample, double linear and closed DNA
schools and polyclinics, banners with al- (deoxyribonucleic acid) helices).
lowance for initial tension of ropes, wind x – complex mechanical engineering struc-
loads and other factors); tures, machines and mechanisms includ-
x overground and underground pipelines ing aerospace systems, transport, ship-
of heating systems, main oil and gas building, power engineering, ferrous and
pipelines, petrochemical and gas pipe- non-ferrous metallurgy, consumer elec-
lines and equipment (analysis of “Sakha- tronics, etc. (analysis of stress-strain
lin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok” gas state, dynamic response and strength of
pipeline system is among the last com- the coupled system “Science power plat-
prehensive and “breakthrough” research- form – drive unit – solar batteries” and
es); subsystems of the International Space
x wind power plants of various types and Station (ISS) “Alpha” at the stages of
capacities; launch and orbital activity.
x loating structures and platforms for the
offshore extraction of oil and gas;

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 29


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Figure 19. Analysis of stress-strain state, strength and stability of load-bearing structures
of football stadiums of the World Cup 2018 (ANSYS). Samples.

2. Complex, including record-sized (up to 200 x large-span buildings and structures (sta-
million unknowns) three-dimensional sta- diums “Moskvich” (Moscow), “Zenit”
tionary and non-stationary problems of (Saint-Petersburg), railway station in
building aerodynamics dealing with compu- Adler, a ski jumping complex of Winter
ting of average and pulsating components Olympic Games – 2014, etc.);
of wind loads, wind loads on facade and x monuments (monument on Poklonnaya
enclosing structures, pedestrian comfort of Hill (Moscow), monuments “Conquerors
numerous unique objects: of the Cosmos” and “Worker and Col-
x high-rise buildings, structures and com- lective Farm Girl” at the Exhibition of
plexes (Moscow International Business Economic Achievements (VDNKh,
Center “Moscow-City”, “Gazoil City” Moscow), etc.);
(Moscow), “Zodiac” (Moscow), “Sky x complex of basic structures of nuclear
Fort” (Moscow), “Dirigible” (Moscow), power plant with WWER (reactor com-
“Rublevsky Lights” (Moscow), “Aqua- partments, engine rooms, evaporative
marine” (Vladivostok), group of build- cooling towers, etc.) with allowance for
ings of National Research Moscow State extreme (hurricane) wind and tornado.
University of Civil Engineering, Besides, contemporary problems of refined nu-
Ostankino TV Tower in Moscow, build- merical modelling and aircraft crashes are consid-
ings located at Saint-Petersburg, Kiev, ered for the basic structures of nuclear power
Astana, etc.); plants of various types (WWER, RBMK and BN).

30 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

Figure 20. Analysis of stress-strain state, strength and stability of load-bearing structures
of football stadiums of the World Cup 2018 (ANSYS). Samples.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT REFERENCES

The Reported study was Funded by Government 1. Akimov P.A. Correct Discrete-Continual
Program of the Russian Federation “Develop- Finite Element Method of Structural Analy-
ment of science and technology” (2013-2020) sis Based on Precise Analytical Solutions of
within Program of Fundamental Researches of Resulting Multipoint Boundary Problems
Ministry of Construction, Housing and Utilities for Systems of Ordinary Differential Equa-
of the Russian Federation and Russian Academy tions. // Applied Mechanics and Materials
of Architecture and Construction Sciences, the Vols. 204-208 (2012), pp. 4502-4505.
Research Project 7.1.1”. 2. Akimov P.A., Aslami M., Mozgaleva M.L.,
Mskhalaya Z.I. Semianalytical Analysis of
Shear Walls with the Use of Discrete-
Continual Finite Element Method. Part 1:
Mathematical Foundations. // MATEC Web
Conferences, Vol. 86 (2016) 8 pages.

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 31


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

Change in longitudinal force in the damaged The kinetic energy at the site
suspension, kN In the area of the removed element, kJ

Change in longitudinal force in the adjacent suspension, kN


Figure 21. Analysis of stress-strain state, strength and stability of load-bearing structures
of football stadiums of the World Cup 2018 (ANSYS). Samples.

32 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering


Contemporary Problems of Numerical Modelling of Unique Structures and Buildings

3. Akimov P.A., Aslami M., Mozgaleva 10. Akimov P.A., Negrozov O.A. Semiana-
M.L. Semianalytical Analysis of Shear lytical Structural Analysis Based on Com-
Walls with the Use of Discrete-Continual bined Application of Finite Element
Finite Element Method. Part 2: Numerical Method and Discrete-continual Finite El-
Examples, Future Development. // MATEC ement Method Part 1: Two-Dimensional
Web Conferences, Vol. 86 (2016) 8 pages. Theory of Elasticity. // Procedia Engineer-
4. Akimov P.A., Belostotskiy A.M., Mozga- ing, Vol. 153 (2016) рр. 8-15.
leva M.L., Mojtaba Aslami, Negrozov 11. Alawadhi E.M. Finite Element Simulations
O.A. Correct Multilevel Discrete- Using ANSYS, CRC Press, 2009, 416 p.
Continual Finite Element Method of Struc- 12. Barbero E.J. Finite Element Analysis of
tural Analysis. // Advanced Materials Re- Composite Materials Using ANSYS, CRC
search Vol. 1040 (2014), pp. 664-669. Press, 2013, 366 p.
5. Akimov P.A., Mozgaleva M.L. Method 13. Belostosky A.M., Akimov P.A. Adaptive
of Extended Domain and General Princi- Finite Element Models Coupled with
ples of Mesh Approximation for Bounda- Structural Health Monitoring Systems for
ry Problems of Structural Analysis. // Ap- Unique Buildings. // Procedia Engineer-
plied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 580- ing, Vol. 153 (2016) рр. 83-88.
583 (2014), pp. 2898-2902. 14. Belostosky A.M., Akimov P.A., Afanasye-
6. Akimov P.A., Mozgaleva M.L., Mojtaba va I.N. Multilevel Methodology of Numeri-
Aslami, Negrozov O.A. About Verifica- cal Seismic Analysis of Coupled Systems
tion of Discrete-Continual Finite Element “Foundation – Shell – Pontoon (Floating
Method of Structural Analysis. Part 1: Roof) –Column(s) – Fluid”. // Procedia En-
Two-Dimensional Problems // Procedia gineering, Vol. 153 (2016) рр. 89-94.
Engineering, Vol. 91 (2014), pp. 2-7. 15. Belostosky A.M., Akimov P.A., Kay-
7. Akimov P.A., Mozgaleva M.L., Negrozov tukov T.B., Petryashev N.O., Petryashev
O.A. About Verification of Discrete- S.O., Negrozov O.A. Strength and Stabil-
Continual Finite Element Method for Two- ity Analysis of Load-bearing Structures of
Dimensional Problems of Structural Analy- Evolution Tower with Allowance for Ac-
sis. Part 1: Deep Beam with Constant Phys- tual Positions of Reinforced Concrete
ical and Geometrical Parameters Along Structural Members. // Procedia Engineer-
Basic Direction. // Advanced Materials Re- ing, Vol. 153 (2016) рр. 95-102.
search, Vols. 1025-1026 (2014), pp. 89-94. 16. Belostosky A.M., Penkovoy S.B.,
8. Akimov P.A., Mozgaleva M.L., Negro- Scherbina S.V., Akimov P.A., Kaytukov
zov O.A. About Verification of Discrete- T.B. Correct Numerical Methods of Analysis
Continual Finite Element Method for of Structural Strength and Stability of High-
Two-Dimensional Problems of Structural Rise Panel Buildings – Part 1: Theoretical
Analysis. Part 2: Deep Beam with Piece- Foundations of Modelling, Key Engineering
wise Constant Physical and Geometrical Materials, Vol. 685 (2016) pp. 217-220.
Parameters Along Basic Direction. // Ad- 17. Belostosky A.M., Penkovoy S.B.,
vanced Materials Research, Vols. 1025- Scherbina S.V., Akimov P.A., Kaytukov
1026 (2014), pp. 95-103. T.B. Correct Numerical Methods of Anal-
9. Akimov P.A., Mozgaleva M.L., Sidorov ysis of Structural Strength and Stability of
V.N. About Verification of Discrete- High-Rise Panel Buildings – Part 2: Re-
Continual Finite Element Method of sults of Modelling. // Key Engineering
Structural Analysis. Part 2: Three- Materials, Vol. 685 (2016) pp. 221-224.
Dimensional Problems // Procedia Engi- 18. Dill E.H. The Finite Element Method for
neering, Vol. 91 (2014), pp.14-19. Mechanics of Solids with ANSYS Ap-
plitions, CRC Press, 2011, 508 p.

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2017 33


Alexander M. Belostotsky, Pavel A. Akimov, Irina N. Afanasyeva, Taymuraz B. Kaytukov

19. Hanson R.J., Hopkins T. Numerical Irina N Afanasyeva, Ph.D., Applied Mathematics and
Computing With Modern Fortran (Applied Computer Sciences; Director of Research & Education
Center of Computation Simulation; National Research
Mathematics), SIAM-Society for Industrial Moscow State University of Civil Engineering; 26, Yaro-
and Applied Mathematics, 2013, 260 p. slavskoeShosse, 129337, Moscow, Russia; tel./fax: +7
20. Lee H.H. Finite Element Simulations with (499)183-59-94; e-mail: niccm@mgsu.ru
ANSYS Workbench 16, SDC Publica-
Taymuraz B. Kaytukov, Advisor of Russian Academy of
tions, 2015, 610 p. Architecture and Construction Sciences, PhD, Associate
21. Madenci E., Guven I. The Finite Element Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, National
Method and Applications in Engineering Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering;
Using ANSYS, Springer, 2015, 657 p. Vice Executive Scientific Secretary of Russian Academy
of Architecture and Construction Sciences; 26, Yaro-
22. Moaveni S. Finite Element Analysis: slavskoe Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia, phone/fax:
Theory and Application with ANSYS, +7(499) 183-59-94, e-mail: tkaytukov@gmail.com.
Prentice Hall, 2014, 936 p.
Белостоцкий Александр Михайлович, член-
23. Negrozov O.A., Akimov P.A., Lantsova корреспондент РААСН, доктор технических наук,
I.Yu. Semianalytical Structural Analysis профессор, генеральный директор ЗАО «Научно-
Based on Combined Application of Finite исследовательский центр СтаДиО», профессор кафед-
Element Method and Discrete-continual ры прикладной математики Национального исследо-
Finite Element Method Part 4: Verifica- вательского Московского государственного строи-
тельного университета (НИУ МГСУ), заместитель
tion Samples. // Procedia Engineering, директора научно-образовательного центра компью-
Vol. 153 (2016) рр. 926-932. терного моделирования уникальных зданий, сооруже-
24. Zienkiewicz O.C., Morgan K. Finite El- ний и комплексов НИУ МГСУ; 125040, Россия, г.
ements and Approximation. Dover Publi- Москва ул. 3-я Ямского Поля, д.18, 8 этаж, офис 810,
тел. +7 (495) 706-88-10, e-mail: stadyo@stadyo.ru.
cations, 2006, 352 p.
25. Zienkiewicz O.C., Taylor R.L. The Fi- Акимов Павел Алексеевич, академик РААСН, про-
nite Element Method for Solid and Struc- фессор, доктор технических наук; Главный ученый
tural Mechanics. Volume 2. Butterworth- секретарь РААСН; заместитель генерального дирек-
Heinemann, 2005, 736 p. тора по науке ЗАО «Научно-исследовательский центр
СтаДиО», профессор кафедры прикладной математи-
26. Zienkiewicz O.C., Taylor R.L., Zhu J.Z. ки Национального исследовательского Московского
The Finite Element Method: Its Basis and государственного строительного университета (НИУ
Fundamentals. Butterworth-Heinemann, МГСУ); 107031, г. Москва, ул. Большая Дмитровка, д.
2005, 752 p. 24, стр. 1; тел. +7(495) 625-71-63; факс +7 (495) 650-
27-31; e-mail: akimov@raasn.ru,
pavel.akimov@gmail.com.
Alexander M. Belostotsky, Corresponding Member of Rus- Афанасьева Ирина Николаевна, кандидат технических
sian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, наук, старший преподаватель кафедры прикладной
PhD, Professor, StaDyO Research & Engineering Center; математики, директор Научно-образовательного цен-
Deputy Director of Research & Education Center of Com- тра компьютерного моделирования уникальных зда-
putation Simulation, National Research Moscow State ний, сооружений и комплексов; Национальный ис-
University of Civil Engineering, 26, Yaroslavskoe Shosse, следовательский университет Московский государ-
Moscow, 129337, Russia; phone/fax: +7 (499) 929-50-17; ственный строительный университет; 129337, Россия,
e-mail: stadyo@stadyo.ru, niccm@mgsu.ru г. Москва, Ярославское шоссе, дом 26; тел./факс: +7
(499)183-59-94; e-mail: niccm@mgsu.ru
Pavel A. Akimov, Full Member of the Russian Academy of
Architecture and Construction Sciences, PhD, Professor, Кайтуков Таймураз Батразович, советник РААСН,
Chief Scientific Secretary of Russian Academy of Archi- кандидат технических наук, доцент, доцент кафедры
tecture and Construction Sciences; StaDyO Research & прикладной математики Национального исследова-
Engineering Center; Department of Applied Mathematics, тельского Московского государственного строитель-
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering; 24, Ul. ного университета, заместитель главного ученого сек-
Bolshaya Dmitrovka, 107031, Moscow, Russia; phone ретаря Российской академии архитектуры и строи-
+7(495) 625-71-63; fax: +7 (495) 650-27-31; тельных наук; Россия, 129337, г. Москва, Ярославское
E-mail: akimov@raasn.ru, pavel.akimov@gmail.com. шоссе, д. 26; тел/факс: +7 (499) 183-59-94;
e-mail: tkaytukov@gmail.com.

34 International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering