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Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA

Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA


Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB1-3, 8-9, 14-16 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 111.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 25 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 100.5 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k=√(2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 1472.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 702.50 mm
p = As/bd = 0.005238
fs/m Hence k = 0.324 x= 227.56 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr −c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 120.3 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 7.25E-04

e2 = 0.000312

em = e1 - e2 = 4.13E-04
acr = = 112.87 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.127 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.03680 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 227.58 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0558 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB13 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 192.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 2412.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 699.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.008627
fs/m Hence k = 0.394 x= 275.18 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 131.1 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 8.12E-04

e2 = 0.00018

em = e1 - e2 = 6.32E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.199 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.06030 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 177.78 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0436 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB21, 23-24, 29, 31-32 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 132.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 2412.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 699.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.008627
fs/m Hence k = 0.394 x= 275.18 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 90.1 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 5.58E-04

e2 = 0.00018

em = e1 - e2 = 3.78E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.119 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.06030 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 177.78 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0436 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB22,30 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 312.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 900 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 4824.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 767.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.015724
fs/m Hence k = 0.488 x= 374.50 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 100.7 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 6.74E-04

e2 = 9.723E-05

em = e1 - e2 = 5.77E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.181 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.12060 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 88.89 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0218 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB42 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 275.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 4824.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 667.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.018081
fs/m Hence k = 0.512 x= 341.20 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 103.0 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 7.25E-04

e2 = 8.929E-05

em = e1 - e2 = 6.36E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.197 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.12060 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 88.89 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0218 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB40-41, 45-54 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 140.72 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 2412.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 699.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.008627
fs/m Hence k = 0.394 x= 275.18 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 96.1 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 5.95E-04

e2 = 0.00018

em = e1 - e2 = 4.15E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.130 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.06030 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 177.78 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0436 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB43 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 239.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 3885.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 676.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.014368
fs/m Hence k = 0.473 x= 320.05 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 108.1 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 7.29E-04

e2 = 0.000111

em = e1 - e2 = 6.17E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.192 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.09713 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 110.37 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0270 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB44 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 30.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 2412.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 699.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.008627
fs/m Hence k = 0.394 x= 275.18 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 20.5 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 1.27E-04

e2 = 0.00018

em = e1 - e2 = -5.28E-05
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = -0.017 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.06030 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 177.78 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0436 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB 4,10,17 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 160.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 25 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 100.5 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 2944.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 677.50 mm
p = As/bd = 0.010863
fs/m Hence k = 0.429 x= 290.51 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 93.6 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 6.16E-04

e2 = 0.000152

em = e1 - e2 = 4.64E-04
acr = = 112.87 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.142 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.07360 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 113.79 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0279 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB25,33 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 100.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 25 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 100.5 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 1472.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 702.50 mm
p = As/bd = 0.005238
fs/m Hence k = 0.324 x= 227.56 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 108.4 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 6.53E-04

e2 = 0.000312

em = e1 - e2 = 3.41E-04
acr = = 112.87 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.105 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.03680 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 227.58 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0558 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB25,33 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 160.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 25 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 100.5 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 2414.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 684.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.008823
fs/m Hence k = 0.397 x= 271.57 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 111.7 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 7.15E-04

e2 = 0.000187

em = e1 - e2 = 5.28E-04
acr = = 112.87 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.162 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.06035 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 138.77 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0340 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB25,33 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 100.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 25 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 100.5 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 1472.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 702.50 mm
p = As/bd = 0.005238
fs/m Hence k = 0.324 x= 227.56 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 108.4 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 6.53E-04

e2 = 0.000312

em = e1 - e2 = 3.41E-04
acr = = 112.87 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.105 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.03680 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 227.58 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0558 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB 37,39 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 100.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 25 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 102.5 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 1472.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 702.50 mm
p = As/bd = 0.005238
fs/m Hence k = 0.324 x= 227.56 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 108.4 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 6.53E-04

e2 = 0.000312

em = e1 - e2 = 3.41E-04
acr = = 112.87 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.105 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.03680 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 227.58 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0558 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB 61-78 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 130.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 2412.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 699.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.008627
fs/m Hence k = 0.394 x= 275.18 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 88.8 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 5.50E-04

e2 = 0.00018

em = e1 - e2 = 3.70E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.116 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.06030 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 177.78 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0436 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB55-60 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 190.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 400 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 2412.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 699.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.008627
fs/m Hence k = 0.394 x= 275.18 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 129.7 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 8.03E-04

e2 = 0.00018

em = e1 - e2 = 6.24E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.196 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.06030 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 177.78 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0436 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05
Project : 132/11 kV S/S AT E1, W6, KHALIFA PARK, KHALIFA IIA
Title : 132/11kV S/S AT KHALIFA IIA
Doc. No. : 4351-SE-1000-J-102 Rev - Job 5V080007
DescriptionBASEMENT BEAM DESIGN Sheet No.
Location:

Basement Beam Crack Width Calculation : Beam BB38 (bottom)

s h

acr2

cmin

acr1

Concrete
Grade of concrete ( 28 Days Cube strength) 35 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (short term) 28000 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of concrete (Long term) 13500 N/mm2 = 0.5 * (20+0.2 * fcu) as per BS8110-Part 2
Steel
Yield strength of reinforcement 420 N/mm2
Modulus of elesticity of steel 2.00E+05 N/mm2

Force and reinforcement data


Maximum working moment in the section 330.00 KN-m From STAAD (for service load cases)
Breadth of the beam (b) 500 mm
Depth of the section (h) 800 mm
Dia of main bar 32 mm
Spacing of main bar (s) 99.33 mm
Clear cover to reinforcment (cmin) 85 mm
Factor for e2 calculation as per B.4 BS 8007:1987 1.00 (1.0 for 0.2mm 1.5 for 0.1mm)

Calculation for Flexure crackwidth:

Neutral axis:
Modulur ratio m = Es/Ec = 14.81
fc x = kd where k is given by

x k =√ (2 pm+ p2 m2 )− pm
d Ast provided = 6433.00 mm2
Eff. Depth for steel = 667.00 mm
p = As/bd = 0.019289
fs/m Hence k = 0.522 x= 348.47 mm

Surface crack width

3 a cr ε m
w=
acr − c min

em = e1 - e2
1+2 ( h−x )
e1 = average strain at the level where crack is considered
fs
= ( h−x
d−x ) E
×
s
e2 = bt * (h-x) * (h-x)
3 * Es * As* (d-x)

M
f s= = 93.1 N/mm2
k
A st (1− )∗d
3
e1 = 6.60E-04

e2 = 8.291E-05

em = e1 - e2 = 5.77E-04
acr = = 117.81 mm
max(acr1, acr2)

Hence calculated crack width = 0.178 mm

Calculation for Temperature crackwidth:

Steel proportion in tension zone = Ast/(trz*b) Temp. zone depth for tension steel, trz = 100 mm
= 0.12866 Temp. fall hydration peak and ambient, T1 = 34 o
C
Probable max. crack spacing, smax = fratio*dia/(2*p) Seasonal variation in temperature, T2 = 15 C
o

= 83.32 mm ratio of fct/fb, fratio = 0.67


Estimated max. crackwidth, wmaxt = smax*R*a*(T1+T2) External restraint factor, R = 0.5
= 0.0204 mm Thermal expansion coeff. of concrete, a = 1.0E-05