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BANK OF BARODA

CONSTRUCTION OF OFFICE BUILDING ON


PLOT AT GULISTAN BUNGALOW AT R C BUTT
ROAD, ALKAPURI, VADODARA

Design Basis Report


– HVAC SERVICES –

October 2015
Revision – R0

CONSULTING ENGINEERING SERVICES (I) PVT. LTD.

NAVI MUMBAI NEW DELHI KOLKATA


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION 3
2. SCOPE OF WORK 3
3. PROJECT OBJECTIVES 3
4. REFERENCE STANDARDS 4
5. BASIS OF DESIGN 4
5.1 Design Condition 4
5.2 Design Assumptions 5
5.3 Design Parameter: 6
6. TECHNO-COMMERCIAL ANALYSIS 7
7. Reason for selection of Aircooled chillers: 7
8. SUMMARY OF AIR-CONDITIONING 8
9. MECHANICAL VENTILATION SYSTEM 8
10. AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM 10
11. HVAC LOAD 14

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 2 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

HVAC SYSTEM

1. INTRODUCTION

Bank of Baroda(BOB) has proposed to construct of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan


Bungalow at R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, and Vadodara. The building is proposed with
Basement + Ground + 7 Storied. Built-up area of the Office Building will be approx
125,000 Sq. ft,

This report outlines the overall Design Scheme for the HVAC System for the proposed
Office Building. Detailed Engineering of the HVAC System would be carried out on
approval of this Design Basis Report.Design Basis Report is prepared based on the
input data received from BOB/assumptions & accordingly overall Heat load estimate,
sizing calculation of various equipments and BOQ are prepared.

2. SCOPE OF WORK

The objective of this report is to give an overview of services designed for the proposed
Office Building at Alkapuri, Vadodara. The design of HVAC Services undertaken
includes following:

 Heat Load Calculation

 Mechanical Ventilation

 Air Distribution Scheme.

 HVAC BOQ

 Tender Specification

 Drawings

3. PROJECT OBJECTIVES

The project objectives include eco-friendly and energy efficient design, centralized
grouped location of services installation to ensure easy maintenance, state of the art
technology, fast track installation and compliance to all statutory regulations.

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 3 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

4. REFERENCE STANDARDS

The HVAC system shall be designed subjected minimum but not limited to following
standard and best engineering practice shall be followed in design & ultimately execution
by Vendor :-
For general ventilation the minimum air changes requirement shall be as per ASHRAE-
62.1.NBC-Part 8- Building services-Section-1 5.2.2.1-Recommended values for air
changes.

Code Edition Description


ASHRAE 62.1 2007 Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality
NBC 2005 National Building Code for 2005
Minimum Efficiency Requirements for VRF Systems
ASHRAE 90.1 2010 can be referred from ASHRAE
Standard 90.1-2010
Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human
ASHRAE 55 2010
Occupancy

5. BASIS OF DESIGN
5.1 Design Condition
Site location : Baroda, Gujarat
Altitude : 35.5.0 M above MSL

Outdoor Design Condition:

Based on the past experience & CBRI Climatologically and Solar Data for Baroda, the
outdoor design conditions for various seasons have been considered as follows:
Ambient Conditions:

DB WB
RH (%)
(˚C) (˚F) (˚C) (˚F)
Summer 43.3 110 25.5 78 24%
Monsoon 31.1 88 26.11 79 68%
Winter 10 50 6.11 43 58%

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 4 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

The above data is taken from ISHRAE’s Weather Data Book; however Cooling load has
been carried out at DB 110˚F / WB 78˚F as per prevailing outdoor condition.

Indoor Design Conditions:


Indoor design conditions Air Conditioned spaces shall be: DB : 73˚F ± 3˚F
RH : around 55 to 60% (no control on RH)
Whereas Server Room shall be have following temperature conditions
DB : 73˚F ± 3˚F
RH : around 55 to 60% (There will be no control on RH)
Server and UPS areas have been planned with separate Split type air-conditioner
feeded by mini chiller during night operation & provision of seperate branch from
common AHU during day operation.

Under deck insulation shall be carried out on exposed roofs and with 25 mm thick
Polyolefin material.

5.2 Design Assumptions

Consideration (Transfer function methodology only)

1. Floor to Floor Height (General) : 3.7 Mtrs except for Basement.


2. Fresh Air in conditioned areas : As per ASHRAE 62.1.

3. Lighting (Heat Addition to space) : 1.5 Watts / Sq.ft.


4. Equipment Load : 150 Watts / Computer.

5. Occupancy : As per interior layour or as per ASHRAE


62.1, whichever is higher.

6. Glass - U Value (Clear glass) : 0.588 Btu / hr. / Sq.ft. / F. for ¼ Clear.
7. Glass Shading Coefficient : 1 Btu / hr. / Sq.ft. / F.

8. External Walls U Value : 0.347 Btu / hr. / Sq.ft. / F


9. Roof - U Value (After Insulation) : 0.12 Btu / hr. / Sq.ft. / F.

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 5 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

5.3 Design Parameter:

Design parameter for selection of Chillers:

Performance rating of the chilling units shall be based on following design parameters

Temperature of chilled water entering chiller 54 deg F (12.22 deg C)

Temperature of chilled water leaving chiller 44 deg F (6.66 deg C)

Fouling factor for chiller in FPS unit 0.0005ft2 h ˚F/BTU


Preferred Refrigerant for Chillers R-134a

Input power for Air -cooled Screw Chillers Lower than 1.15 IKW / TR at 110 Deg
F

Design parameter for selection of air handling units and its components shall be:

Maximum face velocity across filters Up to 500 FPM

Maximum face velocity across cooling coils Upto 500 FPM

Maximum fan outlet velocity Upto 1900 FPM

Maximum fan speed Upto 1100 RPM

Maximum fan motor speed Upto 1440 RPM

Piping shall be sized for the following design parameters:

Velocity Range 6 - 8 FPS

Friction Range 4 - 8 ft Per 100 ft

Reverse return system - Risers 4 - 8 ft Per 100 ft

Diversity for Headers not used 6 - 8 ft Per 100 ft

Design parameter for duct design shall be:

Maximum flow velocity Upto 1000 FPM

Maximum friction 0.08 = 0.1”WG Per 100 ft

Velocity Range at supply air outlet 350 - 600 FPM

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 6 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

Mechanical Ventilation system:

Toilet / Washroom / Bathroom 6-15 Air change / Hour

Kitchen 2-30 Air change / Hour

Smoke Exhaust for basement 30 Air change / Hour

Lift Lobby Smoke Extraction System 12 Air change / Hour

Lift Lobby Pressurrization 12 Air change / Hour

Noise Level Design Criteria

In accordance with “Application” Volume of ASHRAE, permissible noise level for air-
conditioned space shall be 55 – 50 db

The Terminal Air Noise Level shall be as follows:-

S. Acceptable Noise Levels


Area Name NC Dba
No.
a. Rooms 25 - 30 40 - 45

b. Lobby / Conference Rooms 25 - 30 40 - 45

c. Cafeteria 35 - 40 40 - 45

6. TECHNO-COMMERCIAL ANALYSIS
Refer Annexure I for Technical comparision between Air cooled chillers, water cooled
chiller,Mini Chiller and VRF system.

Refer Annexure II for commercial analysis comparision between Air cooled chillers,
water cooled chiller and VRF system.

7. Reason for selection of Aircooled chillers:

• From annexure I & II, Aircooled & water cooled system are almost atpar with each
other.
• Water cooled system requires continnous makeup of soft water. Additional WTP is
required for softening of water. This will incur additional capital cost.

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 7 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

• Water cooled system requires a closed chiller plant room which will end up in
occupying space in basement or additional room to be built on terrace. This will
result additional capital cost.
• Variable speed Aircooled chillers are very effecient at part load condition compare to
water cooled chillers.

8. SUMMARY OF AIR-CONDITIONING

The peak load is estimated at 434.0 TR Cooling Load Calculation (enclosed). For detail
refer Basis of Design.

CHILLER SELECTION:

Variable Air Cooled Screw Chillers : 3 Nos. - 170 TR (2W + 1S) Chilled

PRIMARY VARIABLE PUMPING

Back Pull-Out Centrifugal Pumps : 3 Nos. x 408 USGPM (Approximately)


(2W + 1SB) for Chilled Water
MINI CHILLER

Mini Chiller – 1 for Auditorium : Capacity: 15 TR X 2 no’s

Mini Chiller – 2 for CMD area at 7th floor : Capacity: 15 TR X 2 nos.

Mini Chiller – 3 for server & UPS room : Capacity: 15 TR X 1 nos.


During night operation.

9. MECHANICAL VENTILATION SYSTEM

Basement Parking Exhaust / Fresh Air:

We are proposing mechanical ventilation for basement car parking through IDW
Centrifugal Fan (Fire rated for 2 Hours at 250 Deg C). We have designed Exhaust air
up to 15 air changes per hour during normal mode & Pollution mode & 30 ACPH during
fire mode as per the NBC.Basement fresh air will be drawn through the entry/exit
ramps.However fresh air fans are designed for 30 ACPH. We have considered Jet Fans
for Duct less and Efficient Ventilation of Basement.The location of Jet fans is decided
using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis.CFD analysis will be carried out by
independent agency.

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 8 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

Toilet Exhaust
Toilet ventilation of a minimum 6-15 air changes per hour shall be exhausted through
centralised duct.
Fresh Air with Heat Recovery Wheel

The filtered fresh air from the atmosphere shall be supplied to the Air handling Units at
the each floor through heat recovery wheel located at terrace.Energy from the exhaust
air will be recovered through the heat recovery wheel. Volume control damper shall be
provided to regulate the fresh air intake.

Stairwell Pressurization & Lift Well Pressurization


Staircase pressurization of Imperial Tower 3 will be as per NBC 2005. Differential
pressure of 50Pa will be maintained based on NBC 2005 (Part 4 Fire and Life Safety)
Para 4.10.3 on Page 29 & 30. Similarly Lift well pressurization will be done as per NBC
2005. Differential pressure of 50Pa is based on NBC 2005 (Part 4 Fire and Life Safety)
Para C-1.5 Lifts (g) on Page 65.
Pressurization fan located at service floor shall start automatically up on receipt of signal
from fire alarm panel.

Smoke Extraction Philosophy:

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 9 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

Smoke extraction system for lift lobby shall be designed for min 12 ACPH. In case of
smoke detection, Motorized smoke damper of Lift lobby where fire had occurred shall
open & Smoke exhaust Fans located at service floor shall start automatically up on
receipt of signal from fire alarm panel. Simultaneously Motorized damper of one or two
floors above and below the fire affected floor will get open & lift lobby pressurization fan
located at service floor shall start automatically up on receipt of signal from fire alarm
panel
In the event of fire, result of these actions would be to effectively pressurize areas
above and below the fire floor as well as stairwells and elevator shafts and remove as
many products of combustion from the building as possible without contamination of
areas adjacent to fire.

10. AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

For low side work the system will comprise of Air Handling Units with backward curve
blowers & motors, Ducting, Duct insulation, Diffusers.

Air Handling Units

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 10 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

The office area shall cooled by independent air handling units located in the AHU Rooms
in the respective floor.

The Air Handling Units shall be provided with VSD (VFD) controls. Based on the
requirement more than one AHU may be used for proper air conditioning of the offices
area. The size & number of AHUs will be decided during detailed engineering.

Each AHU shall be provided with 2 way motorized chilled water valve controlled by a
modulating thermostat. The AHU and all equipment shall be connected to direct digital
controllers (DDCs) which have precise control on the equipment operation.

Ducting

Air will be distributed to areas through insulated ducting fitted with outlet grilles and
diffusers..

Chilled Water Piping

Chilled water will be supplied from the chiller to the AHUs cooling coils through insulated
chilled water piping. The chilled water is re-circulated by chilled water pumps

The piping will eventually run through the shafts near the AHU rooms. In each AHU
room, a chilled water tapping will be provided for the air handling unit.

Variable speed Air cooled screw chiller central plant

Variable speed Air cooled screw chillers are available from various manufacturers. The
air cooled screw chiller comprises of screw compressor with evaporator and air cooled
condensers, refrigerant R134a, Motor with VFD & VFD panel. The evaporator cools the
water from 12.22° C to 6.66° C by evaporation of refrigerant in the evaporator. From the
evaporator the suction gas is piped to the screw compressor where it is compressed to a
higher pressure to enable condensation in the condenser. The compressed hot gas is
then piped to the condenser. The condenser comprises of a copper coil with aluminium
fins & fans. The atmospheric air is blown over the condenser coils by the fans to
condensate the hot gas in to hot liquid. The liquid refrigerant is piped to the evaporator
where an expansion device is provided for lowering the pressure and temperature of the
liquid to enable evaporation. The air cooled screw chillers are provided with complete
piping, controls and cable terminating in to a control panel with a starter to provide a
standalone system.
Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 11 of 16
Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

These chillers have a good part load performance due to the provision of multiple
compressors.

This system includes air cooled chillers, chilled water pumps and insulated chilled water
piping from chiller to Air Handling Units. The chillers will be installed on the Terrace on
the raised RCC beams.

Control Panel (Fully micro-processor based)

All necessary controls and accessories like thermostatic expansion valve, distributor,
filter drier in liquid lines, shut off valves, HP/LP cutout for compressor, thermostat with
adjustable settings overload and single phasing preventor for motor etc. shall be
provided. The relays, contactors, starters etc. shall be mounted on a panel and shall be
installed at a location convenient for operation. Tripping of the compressor by the
thermostat or compressor cutouts shall not trip the fan. The thermostat setting shall be
adjustable and the HP/LP cutout shall be manual reset type.

All the equipment mentioned above, except control panel shall be provided within a
heavy gauge sheet metal cabinet. This shall be given two coats of rust proof and enamel
paint.

All outdoor units shall be mounted on MS structure with proper service space and
protective railing if necessary. The entire structure shall be painted with 2 coats of red
oxide followed with 2 coats of epoxy paint. The shade of the paint will be approved by
the Architect.

The terrace Main panels for Chillers shall be strictly IP-65 only.

CONTROL AND INTERLOCK

Interlocking requirement shall be as under:-

• Compressor shall not start unless the evaporator fan & condenser Pump are started
first
• Tripping of the compressor on HP / LP, overload or on thermostat shall not trip the
fan.
• Strip heater (if provided) shall not be switched on, unless the evaporator fan is
started and air flow is established. An air stat on flow switch shall be used for this
Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 12 of 16
Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

purpose. However, the heater shall be separately controlled by humidistat /


thermostat.

Mini Chiller

Mini Chiller System with the following features:


• Non-metallic composites pipes for interconnecting piping in the system. Leads to
increased life of the system, reduced maintenance and economic.
• Higher diversity can be achieved as per required condition
• Better control of Indoor air quality compared to any type of DX systems.
• Life of the machines is higher (30 % - 40 %) compared to other AC systems
• Quantity of Refrigerant used is the system is significantly less than conventional DX
system.
• Microprocessor based control systems, BMS/smart compatibility can be provided as
an option.
• Annual maintenance costs less compared to other systems.

DRAIN PIPING
Condensate from the evaporator shall be drained through properly installed drain piping
designed to prevent any accumulation of condensate in the drain pan.

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 13 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

11. HVAC LOAD

Heat Load Summary


Lighting Equipment Fresh
Area Occupancy Capacity
Sr. Load load Air
Area Name
No. Watt / Deh.
Sq.Feet Nos Watts TR CFM
Sq. Ft CFM
A) GROUND FLOOR
BANK
1 3263 100 1.5 8000 10889 20
BRANCH 946
2 SECURITY 252 5 1.5 1000 481 1 40
CONTROL
3 349 5 1.5 1000 969 1.5
ROOM 46
MAIN
4 ENTRANCE 710 24 1.5 1000 1064 2.7
LOBBY 220
LIFT
5 ENTRANCE 430 12 1.5 1000 728 1.7
LOBBY 118
6 MAIL ROOM 191 5 1.5 1000 845 1.3 36
7 FOYER 1760 200 1.5 1000 5582 10
LADIES
8 GREEN 209 3 1.5 150 285 1
ROOM
3228
GENTS
9 GREEN 209 5 1.5 300 600 1
ROOM
10 AUDITORIUM 2285 210 1.5 5000 9224 31
11 UPS ROOM 140 2 1.5 21000 5280 7.2 18
Total 571 16.5 40450 35947 78.4 4652
B) FIRST FLOOR
UPS &
1 BATTERY 503 2 1.5 21000 5822 8 40
ROOM
OFFICE
2
AREA
6187 120 1.5 18000 14077 27 1271
STAFF
3 ENTERANCE 546 15 1.5 1000 871 2.4 150
AREA
Total 137 4.5 40000 20770 37.4 1461
C) SECOND FLOOR
OFFICE
1
AREA
6187 150 1.5 18000 15286 29 1496
DINING
2 2584 172 1.5 2000 6702 20
AREA 1757
Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 14 of 16
Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

LIFT
3 ENTRANCE 430 5 1.5 1000 569 1.1
LOBBY 63
MAIN
4 ENTRANCE 710 70 1.5 1000 1977 6 568
LOBBY
Total 397 6 22000 24534 56.1 3884
RD TH
D) TYPICAL FLOOR (3 TO 5 FLOOR)
OFFICE
1
AREA
6187 150 1.5 18000 15286 29 1496
LIFT
2 ENTRANCE 430 5 1.5 1000 569 1.1
LOBBY 63
MEETING
3
ROOM
710 35 1.5 1000 1361 3.6 305
OFFICE
4 4099 55 1.5 9000 7904 13.6
AREA 1 521
Total 245 6 29000 25120 47.3 2385
E) SIXTH FLOOR
OFFICE
1
AREA
6187 150 1.5 18000 15286 29 1496
LIFT
2 ENTRANCE 430 5 1.5 1000 569 1.1
LOBBY 63
MEETING
3
ROOM
710 35 1.5 1000 1361 3.6 305
OFFICE
4 4099 55 1.5 9000 7904 13.6
AREA 1 521
Total 245 6 29000 25120 47.3 2385
E) SEVENTH FLOOR
OFFICE
1
AREA
6187 150 1.5 18000 15286 29 1496
OFFICE
2
AREA 1
3066 55 1.5 9000 8185 14.2 596
LIFT
3 ENTRANCE 430 5 1.5 1000
LOBBY
V.I.P.
4 583 10 1.5
WAITING
5 V.I.P. DINING 545 20 1.5 2000
BOARD 15310 30 1355
6 1232 40 1.5 2000
ROOM
CMD'S
7 790 15 1.5 2000
OFFICE
8 ANTE ROOM 344 4 1.5 1000
PA TO CMD
9 378 16 1.5 1000

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 15 of 16


Project : Construction of Office Building on Plot at Gulistan Bungalow at October, 2015
R C Dutta Road, Alkapuri, Vadodara
Client : Bank of Baroda Revision : R0
Document : 47305000/DBR/HVAC/001

BOARD
10 370 10 1.5 0
SECTT.
PANTRY
11 516 5 1.5 1000
AREA
RECEPTION
12 899 10 1.5
& WAITING
Total 340 18 37000 38781 73.2 3447

CHILLER CAPACITY

A Total Cooling Load of the Building 434 TR

B Auditorium cooling Load 31 TR


C CMD Area 30 TR

Cooling load on centralised chiller


D 373 TR
D = A-(B+C)

E Diversity 10 % 37 TR
Required capacity of chiller
F 336 TR
F= D-E

G Capacity of selected Chiller 170 TR

Proposed 3 Nos of 170 Tr. Chillers (2 Nos. Working & 1 No Standby)

Refer Annexure III for Heat Load Calculation Output Sheet & Load Profile.

Design Basis Report - HVAC SERVICE Page : 16 of 16