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EMM!NATiON-(P)2017 セᄋeャMaュ@ cpIZNセッゥj@


T.B.C. : MKA-8-ETN Test Booklet Series

00 セ@ セP@ 13
Serial No.
Time Allowed Three Hours Maximum Marks 300



2. Please note that it is the candidate's responsibility to encode and ffil in the Roll Number
and Test Booklet Series A, B, C or D carefully and without any omission or discrepancy at
the appropriate places in the OMR Answer Sheet. Any omission/ discrepancy will render
the Answer Sheet liable for rejection.
3. You have to enter your Roll Number on the Test Booklet in
the Box provided alongside. DO NOT write anything else on
the Test Booklet. L---------------..J
4. This Test Booklet contains 150 items (questions). Each item comprises four responses (answers).
You will select the response which you want to mark on the Answer Sheet. In case you feel that
there is more than one correct response, mark the response which you consider the best. In any
case, choose ONLY ONE response for each item.
5. You have to mark your responses ONLY on the separate Answer Sheet provided. See directions in
the Answer Sheet.
6. All items carry equal marks.
7 . Before you proceed to mark in the Answer Sheet the response to various items in the Test
Booklet, you have to fill in some particulars in the Answer Sheet as per instructions sent to you
with your Admission Certificate.
8. After you have completed filling in all your responses on the Answer Sheet and the examination
has concluded, you should hand over to the Invigilator only the Answer Sheet. You are permitted
to take away with you the Test Booklet.
9. Shee.ts for rough work are appended in the Test Booklet at the end.
10. Penalty for wrong answers :
(i) There are four altematives for the answer to every question. For each question for which a
wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0·33) of the marks assigned to
that question will be deducted as penalty.
(ii) If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as wrong answer even if one of
the given answers happens to be correct and there will be same penalty as above to that
(iii) If a question is left blank, i.e., no answer is given by the candidate, there will be no penalty
for that question.


1. Consider the following statements : 3. Thermal runaway is not possible in FET
because as the temperature of the FET
The output of a linear circuit, driven increases
with a sine wave at a frequency J, is
itself a sine wave (a) mobility d ecreases
1. at the same frequency
(b) trans-conductance increases
3. with oha.noo of cha.ngod a.mplitudc
3. with chances of changed amplitude {c) drain current increases
and phase
(d) trans-conductance decreases
Which of the above statements isfare
4. For JFET, the drain current I D is
(a) 1 and 2
{b) 1 only
(a) ( Vas)2
IDSS 1- Vp
(c) 1 and 3

(d) 2 only
(b) ( Vas)
IDSS 1- Vp
2. Consider the following statements :

The main contribution to photo- 3

conduction is by (c) ( Vas )"
I DSS 1- Vp
1. the generation of electron and hole
pair by a photon

a donor electron jumping into the
conduction band because of a
photon's energy
a valence electron jumping into an
{d) loss(1 - Vas
acceptor state because of a
photon's energy 5. For n-channel d epletion MOSFET, the
highest trans-conductance gain for
Which of the above statements isfare small signal is at
(a) Vas = 0 v
(a) 1 only
(b) Vas= vP
(b) 2 only

(c) 3 only (c) Vas = IVP I

(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) Vas = - vP

MKA-8-ETN /66A 2

6. The n-p-n transistor made of silicon has a 9. Hysteresis is d esirable in a Schmitt
DC base bias voltage 15 V and an input trigger because
base resistor 150 kQ. Then the value of
the base current into the transistor is (a) energy is to be stored/discharged
in parasitic capacitances
(a) 0·953 IJ.A
(b) effects of temperature variations
would be compensated
{h) 9·53 セエa@

(c) devices in the circuit should be

(c) 95·3 IJ.A allowed time for saturation and
(d} 953 1-lA
(d) it would prevent noise from causing
false triggering
7. A signal may have frequency components
which lie in the range of 0 ·00 1 Hz to
10 Hz. Which one of the following types 10. In a photoconductive cell, the resistance
of couplings should be chosen in a of the semiconductor material varies
multistage amplifier designed to amplify with intensity of incident light
the signal?
(a) directly
(a) Capacitor coupling
(b) inversely
(b) Direct coupling (c) exponentially

(c) Transformer coupling (d) logarithmically

(d) Double-tuned transformer coupling

11. In graded index mult imode optical fiber,
the refractive index of the core is
8. If an input impedance of op-amp is finite,
(a) uniform across its radial distance ,
then which one of the following
except for the cladding
statements related to virtual ground is
correct? (b) maximum at the fiber axis and
d ecreases stepwise towards the
(a) Virtual ground condition may exist. cladding

(b) Virtual ground condition cannot (c) maximum at the fiber axis and
exist. decreases gradually towards the
(c) In case of op-amp, virtual ground
condition always exists. (d) maximum at the fiber axis and
ゥョ イ」 」。セ@ セエ」ーキゥ@ エッキ。イ、セ@ the
(d) Cannot make a valid declaration. cladding

MKA- S- ETN /66A 3 [ P.T.O.

12. Consider the following factors : 15. A conductor of length 1 m moves at right
1. Number of turns of the coil angles to a uniform magnetic field of
2. Length of the coil flux density 2 Wb fm 2 with a velocity of
50 m/ s. What is the value of the
3. Area of cross-section of the coil
induced e .m.f. when the conductor
4. Permeability of the core moves at an angle of 30° to the direction
On which of Lhe above factors does of the field?
inductance depend?
(a) 75 V
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 50 v
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (c) 25 V

(d) 2 and 4 only
{d) 12·5 v

13. A mathematical expression for 50 Hz

sinusoidal voltage of peak value 80 V 16. The total flux at the end of a long bar
will be
magnet is 500 ).l.Wb. The end of the
(a) v = 50 sin 3 14t bar magnet is withdrawn through a
(b) v = 50sin80t
1000-turn coil in 1 second. The e.m.f.
generated across the terminals of the
(c) v = 80sin314t coil is
(d) v = 80sin50t
(a) 5V
14. Consider the following statements
(b) 10 v
1. Fleming's rule is used where
induced e.m.f. is due to flux (c) 25 V
2. Lenz's law is used when the (d) 50 v
induced e .m .f. is due to change in
flux linkages.
3. Lenz's law is a direct consequence 17. The slip of a 400 V, 3-phase, 4-pole,
of the law of conservation of energy. 50 Hz machine running at 1440 r.p.m.
Which of the above statements are
correct? (a) 6%
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 5%
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 4%
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 3%


18. A SOO HP, 440 V, セMーィfiAG[L@ SO H7. 21.. A transfnrmer has 2% resistance and 5%
induction motor runs at 950 r.p.m. reactance. What is its voltage regulation
when on full load with a synchronous at full load with 0·8 p.f. lagging?
speed of 1000 r.p.m. For this condition,
(a) 5·3%
the frequency of the rotor current will be
(b) 4 ·6%
(a) 4·0 Hz
(c) 0·53%
(b) J !i liz
(d) 0-46%
(c) 2·5 Hz

(d) 2·0 Hz 22. A voltage is generated across a piezo-

electric material, 0·5 em thick,
19. By adding resistance in the rotor circuit 2
subjected to an impact of 5 N jm . The
of a slip ring induction motor, the voltage coefficient of the material is
starting current 23 kV-mjN. The magnitude of the
voltage generated will be
(a) as well as torque reduce
(a) 2300 V
(b) as well as torque increase
(b) 1650 v
(c) reduces but the starting torque
increases (c) 1150 V
(d) increases but the starting torque (d) 575 v
23. The 'residual resistivity' of a metal is
20. Consider the following statements with
regards to an induction motor :
(a) due to lattice vibrations at high
1. Maximum torque is independent of
rotor resistance. (b) due to photon scattering at high
2. Starting torque is maximum when
rotor resistance equals rotor (c) temperature-dependent
(d) temperature-independent
3. Torque is very sensitive to any
changes in supply voltage.
24. Electrical conductivity, thermal
Which of the above statements are conductivity and magnetic properties
correct? of ceramic material are

(a) 1 and 2 only (a) very high all the time

(b) 1 and 3 only (b) very low all the time

(c) 2 and 3 only (c) dependent on the material

(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) ascertainable, instance to instance

MKA-8-ETN I 66A 5 [ P.T.O.

25. Laminated insulation, coated with 28. Compared to other materials, a material
varnish, is a staple adoption in with a wider hysteresis loop has
transformer assemblage in order to
(a) lower permeability, higher
(a) reduce the reluctance of the retentivity and higher coercivity
magnetic path
(b) higher permeability, lower
retentivity and higher coercivit;y
(u) 1llllJiH1llit lussts tlue lu etltly
currents (c) lower permeability, higher
retentivity and lower reluctance
(c) increase the reluctance of the
magn etic path (d) lower permeability, lower retentivity
and lower residual magnetism
(d) increase the effect of eddy current

29. Which of the following materials is used

in light-emitting diodes?
26. When a ferromagnetic substance is
magnetized, there are marginal (a) Gallium arsenide sulphate
diminutions in its linear dimensions.
This phenomenon is called (b) Gallium arsenide phosphide

(c) Gallium chromate phosphide

(a) hy steresis
(d) Gallium phosphide sulphate
(b) magnetostriction

(c) diamagnetism 30. Consider the following methods in nano-

particle synthesis
(d) dipolar relaxation 1. Bottom-up
2. Top-down
3. Side-by-side
27. When the working temperature becomes
more than the Curie temperature, a
Which of these methods is/ are slow and
ferromagnetic material becomes a
does I do not conduce to large-scale
(a) diamagnetic material
(a) 1 only
(b) paramagnetic material
(b) 2 only
(c) ferromagnetic material
(c) 3 only

(d) Mu -rna terial (d) I, 2 and 3


31. Consider the following statements : 33. Consider the following statements
regarding precision in measurements of
1. Type-1 superconductors undergo
a quantity :
abrupt transition to the normal
1. Precision is the measure of the
state above a critical magnetic field.
spread of the incident errors.
2. Type-II superconductors are highly 2. Precision is independent nf thP-
technologically useful super- realizable correctness of the
イNョャオエッセ@ 「ヲGZイN[ョjセA@ the incidence ュ・」オセイpョ@ t.
of a second critical field in them is 3. Precision is usually described in
useful in the preparation of high terms of number of digits used
field electromagnets. in the measurement by a digital
Which of the above statements is/ are
Which of the above statements are
(a) 1 only (a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only
(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 34. Con!';irlP-r thP- fnllnwing maエセュョウ@ in

connection with deflection-type and
null-type instruments :
32. Consider the following statements : 1. Null-type instruments are more
accurate than the deflection-type
1. Metal conductors have more R at ones.
higher temperatures. 2 . Null-type of instrument can b e
2. Tungsten can be used as a highly sensitive compared to a
resistance wire . deflection-type instrument.
3. Under dynamic conditions,
3. A superconductive material is one
null-type instruments are less
which has practically zero preferred to deflection-type
resistance. instruments.
4. Response is faster in null-type
Which of the above statements are
instruments as compared to
deflection-type instruments.
(a) 1 and 2 only Which of the above statements are
(b) 1 and 3 only
(a) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) l , 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 2, 3 and 4

MKA- S-ETN /66A 7 l P.'f.U.

35. A voltmeter having a sensitivity of 38. In scintillation coating applications,
1000 QjV reads 100 V on its 150 V shields of which material are generally
scale when connected across a resistor placed around the photomultiplier tube
of unidentified specifications in series to overcome interference effects of
with a milliammeter. When the milli- electrons deflected frum lheir normal
ammeter reads 5 rnA, the error due to path?
the loading effect of the voltmeter will be
nearly (a) Ferromagnetic

(a) 13% (b) Mu-metal magnetic

(b) 18% (c) Electromagnetic

(c) 23% (d) Dielectric

(d) 33%
39. A PMMC instrument if connected directly
to measure alternating current, it
36. Consider the following statements
Sphere gap method of voltage
measurement is used (a) the actual value of the subject AC
1. for measuring r.m.s. value of a high
voltage (b) zero reading
2. for measuring peak value of a high 1
voltage (c) .J2 of the scale value where the

3. as the standard for calibration pointer rests

- of the scale value where the
Which of the above statements are 2
correct? pointer rests

(a) 1 and 2 only

40. Which of the following are measured by
(b) 2 and 3 only using a vector voltmeter?
(c) 1 and 3 only 1. Amplifier gain and phase shift
(d) 1, 2 and 3 2. Filler transfer function
3. Complex insertion loss
37. High frequency (in the MHz range) and
low amplitude (in the mV range) signals Select the correct answer using the code
are best measured using · given below.

(a) VTVM with a high impedance probe (a) 1 and 2 only

(b) CRO (b) 1 and 3 only

(c) moving-iron instrument (c) 2 and 3 only

(d) digital multimeter (d) 1, 2 and 3


41. In a transistor, the base current and 45. A capacitance transducer uses two
collector current are, respectively, 60 ).lA quartz diaphragms of area 750 mm :l
and 1·75 rnA. The value of ex is nearly separated by a distance 3·5 mm. The
(a) 0·91 capacitance is 370 pF. When a pressure
of 900 kN fm 2 is applied, the deflection
(b) 0·97
is 0 ·6 mm. The capacitance at this
(c) 1·3
pressure would be
(d) 1·7
(a) 619 pF
42. A liquid flows through a pipe of 100 mm
. diameter at a velocity of 1 m/ s. If the (b) 447 pF
イャゥ Z]セ ュヲGエ イN イ@ i R cifャイエュセ、@
wi lhin +1 % a nd
the velocity is known to be within ±3% of (c) 325 pF
measured value, the limiting error for
the rate of flow is (d) 275 pF
(a) ±1%
(b) ±2%
(c) ±3% 46. Consider the following statements
regarding Time-Division Multiplexing
(d) ±5%
(TDM) :

43. A Sセ@ digit digital voltmeter is accurate to 1. The information from different
measuring points is transmitted
±0·5% of reading ±2 digits. What is the
serially on the same
percentage error, when the voltmeter
communication channel.
reads 0·10 V on its 10 V range?
(a) 0·025% 2. It involves transmission of data
(b) 0·25% samples rather than continuous
data transmission.
(c) 2·05%
(d) 20·5% 3. It is especially useful when
telemetering fast -changing, high
44. The simplest and most common method bandwidth data.
of reducing any 'effect of inductive
coupling' between measurement and Which of the above statements are valid
power circuits is achieved by using in respect to TDM?
(a) a screen around the entire (a) 1, 2 and 3
measurement circuit
(b) twisted pairs of cable (b) 1 and 3 only
(c) capacitor(s) to be connected at the
power circuit (c) 1 and 2 only
(d) r:apacitor(s) to be connected at the
measurement circuit (d) 2 and 3 only

mka M AZ^MセGQn@ I bbA 9 [P.T.O.

47. Consider the following regarding 49. Consider the following with regards to
essential functional operations of a graph as shown in the figure given
digital data acquisition system : below:
2 3

l<E t>4
1. Handling of analog signals

2. Converting the data to digital form

and handling it
6 5
3. Making the measurement

4. Internal programming and 1. Regular graph

2. Connected graph

Which of the above are valid in the 3. Complete graph

stated context?
4. Non-regular graph
(a) 1, 2 , 3 and 4

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only Which of the above a re correct?

(a) 1 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 3 and 4
(d) 2 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3

48. A low resistance LDR of 20Q, operated (d) 1 and 2

at a certain intensity of light, is to be
protected through a series resistance in
such a way that up to 12 rnA of current
is to flow at a supply voltage of 10 V.
50. A network in which all the elements are
What is the nearest value of the
physically separable is called a
protective resistance?

{a) 873 Q (a) distributed network

(b) 813 Q (b) lumped network

(c) 273 Q (c) passive network

(d) 81 Q (d) reactive network

:..:.:KA- 8- ETN I 66A

..___:;,M ------------6JII.

51. Three identical impedances are frrst 53. A voltage v(t) = 173sin(314t + 100) is
connected m delta across a 3 -phase applied to a circuit. It causes a current
balanced supply. If the same flow described by
impedances are now connected in star
across the same supply, then i(t) = 14·14 sin(314t - 20° )

(a) the phase current will be one-third

The average power delivered is nearly

(a) 2500 W
(b) the line current will be one-third

(b) 2167 w
{c) the power consumed W111 be
one-third (c) 1500 W

(d) the power consumed will be halved (d) 1060 w

54. Consider the following statements with

52. Consider the following statements respect to a parallel R-L-C circuit :
regarding trees
1. The bandwidth of the circuit
1. A tree contains all the nodes of the decreases if R is increased.
graph. 2. The bandwidth of the circuit
remains same if L is increased.
2. A tree shall contain any one of the
loops. 3. At resonance, input impedance is a
real quantity.
3. Every connected graph has at least
one tree. 4. At resonance, the magnitude of
lィセ@ iupul impt::tlC:Ulct:: allains lls
minimum value.
Which of the above statements are
correct? Which of the above statements are
(a) 1 and 2 only correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 4
(b) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 , 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3

MKA- 8- ETN /66A 11 [ P .T.O.

55. What is the admittance matrix for a 58. One of the basic characteristics of any
two-port network shown in the figure steady-state sinusoidal response of a
given below? linear R-L-C circuit with constant R, L
SQ SQ and C values is

(a) the output remains sinusoidal with
its frequency being the same as
that of the source

(b) the output remains sinusoidal with

its frequency differing from that of
(a) 5]
155 15 1 [15 -5]
[ (b) 200 - 5 15 the source

(c) the output amplitude equals the

5 1 5] 1 [20 5] source amplitude
(c) [ 15 5 (d) 200 15 20
(d) the phase angle difference between
the source and the output is always
56. A two-port network is characterized by zero
11 = 3V! +4V2
6J2 =2l'J. -4 v2 59. If the input (VJn) to the circuit is a sine
wave, the output will be
Its A, B, C and D parameters are,

(a) 2, 3, 6 and 9
(b) 2, -3, 10 and -9
(c) 3, 2, -9 and 6
(a) half-wave rectified sine wave
(d) 3, -2 , 9 and -6
(b) full-wave rectified sine wave
57. A unit-step voltage is applied at t = 0 to (c) triangular wave
a series R-L circuit with zero initial
condition. Then (d) square wave

(a) it is possible for the current to be

60. Which one of the following Analog-to-
Digital Converters (ADC) does not use a
(b) the voltage across the r esistor at DAC?
t = o+ is zero
(a) Digital ramp ADC
(c) the voltage across the resistor at
(b) Successive approximation ADC
t =o- is zero
(c) Single-slope ADC
(d) the resistor current eventually falls
to zero (d) Counting ADC

MKA- 8-ETN /66A 12

61. A 12-bit A/D converter has a full-scale 64. A circuit outputs a digit in the form of
analog input of 5 V. Itl!l resolution il!l 4 bitl!l. 0 is represented by 0000, 1 is
represented by 0001 , ... , 9 by 1001. A
(a) 1·22 mV combinational circuit is to be designed
which takes these 4 bits as input and
(b) 2-44 mV
output as 1, if the digit is セ@ 5, and 0
otherw1se. 1t only ANU, U.l{ and NOT
(c) 3·66 mV
gates may be used, what is the
(d) 4·88 mV minimum number of gates required?
(a) 4
62. Which of the following circuits converts/ (b) 3
convert a bmary number on the mput to
a one-hot encoding at the output?
(c) 2

1. 3-to-8 binary decoder (d) 1

2. 8-to-3 binary decoder

65. How many 3 -to-8 line decoders with an
3. Comparator enabler input are needed to construct a
6-to-64 line decoder without using any
Select the correct answer using the code other logic gates?
given below.
(a) 11
(a) 1 only
(b) 10
(b) 2 only (c) 9

(c) 3 only (d) 8

(d) 1, 2 and 3 66. The of

minterm expansion
F(A, B, C)= AB+ BC + AC is
63. The simplification in minimal sum of (a) m? + m 4 + mn + m 1
product (SOP) of
(b) m 0 + m1 + m 3 + m 5
Y = F(A, B, c; D)
(c) m7 +m6 +m2 +m4
= Lm (0, 2, 3, 6, 7) + Ld (8, 10, 11, 15)
(d) m2 + m3 +m4 +m 5
using K-maps is
67. The output of a NOR gate is
(a) Y = AC+BD
(a) high if all of its inputs are high
(b) Y = AC +BD
(b) low if all of its inputs are low
(c) Y = AC+BD (c) high if all of its inputs are low

(d) Y = AC+BD (d) high if only one of its inputs is low

MICA-8--ETN /66A 10 [P.T.O.

68. If the input to a T flip-flop is a 100 MHz 71. The probability density function
signal, the fmal output of three T flip- F(x) = ae - b Ixl , where x is a random
flops in a cascade is
variable whose allowable value range is
from x = -oo to x = +oo. The CDF for this
(a) 1000 MHz fum;Liuu fur .x セ@ 0 is

(b) 520 MHz

(c) 333 MHz

(d) 12·5 MHz

(c) Mセ@ ebx

69. The addition of the two numbers
(1A8h 6 + (67B}l6 will be

(a) (889h6

(b) (832h6
72. Consider the following statements
(c) (823h6
regarding electrical properties of
ceramic materials
(d) (723)]6 1. They are practically non-
conductors at lower temperatures.
2. Ordinary glass and silicates in
70. If the operating frequency of an 8086 molten state are dependable as
microprocessor is 10 MHz and, if, for the electrical non-conductors.
given instruction, the machine cycle
consists of 4 T-states, what will be the 3. They offer high resistance to
time taken by the machine cycle to current transmission and get
complete the execution of that same heated soon when conducting
instruction when three wait states are electric current.
Which of the above statements are
(a) 0·4 J!S
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 0·7 )!S
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 7 J!S
(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 70 )!S
(d) 1, 2 and 3

MKA-8-ETN I 66A 14

73. If primary and secondary windings of 76. An amplitude-modulated amplifier has a
core-type single-phase transformer are radio frequency output of 60 W at 100%
wound on non-magnetic core, then the modulation. The internal loss in the
1. efficiency of the transformer will modulator is 6 W. What is the
decrease unmodulated carrier power?

2. effit.:it:!nt.:y uf lht:! lran:;funnt:!r will

(a) 33 W
3. transformer regulation will increase (b) 36 w
4. transformer regulation will decrease
(c) 40 W
Whkh of the a 「ッカセ@ possibilities 。ョセ@
realized? (d) 44 w
(a) 1 and 4

(b) 1 and 3 77. The figure shows the block diagram of a

(c) 2 and 3 frequency discriminator. What does the
second block represent?
(d) 2 and 4
xJ..t) yJ..t)

74. In t he case of small BJT model with

common emitter, the collector current ic (a) Envelope detector
is 1·3 rnA, when the collector-emitter
voltage is Vee of 2·6 V. The output (b) Low-pass filter
conductance of the circuit is
(c) Ratio detector
(a) 2·0 mQ (b) 2 ·0 mU
(d) Band-reject filter
(c) 0·5 mQ (d) 0·5 mU

'15. An t<'M broadcastmg rad1o station 78. A dominant pole is determined as

transmits signals of frequency 100 MHz
with a power of 10 kW. The bandwidth (a) the highest frequency pole among
of the modulation signal is from 100 Hz all poles
to 1·5 kHz. If the maximum deviation
set by the FCC, (8), is 75kHz, the range (b) the lowest frequency pole at least
of the modulation index is two octaves lower than other poles
(a) 100 to 750
(c) the lowest frequency pole among all
(b) 100 to 250 poles
(c) 50 to 750
(il) thF:ィゥ・fZセエ@ frF:f]_llF:nr.y pnlf' Zセエ@ ャ fZセエ@

(d) 50 to 250 two octaves higher than other poles

MKA- S-ETN /66A 15 (P.T.O.

79. If only one multiplexer and one inverter 83. The basic motivation behind the
are allowed to be used to implement any development of digital modulation
Boolean function of n variables, wh at is techniques is
the maximum size of the multiplexer
needed? (a) to develop a digital communication
(a) 2n - 2 line to 1 line
(b) to institute methods for translating
(b) 2n - l line to 1 line
digital message from baseband to
(c) 2n ·r 1 line to 1 line passband

(d) 2n + 2 line to 1 line (c) to develop digitized versions of

analog modulation schemes

80. What is the minimum required (d) to improve upon pulse modulation
to achieve a spectral efficiency of
6 bps/Hz?

(a) 5·2 84. The received signal level for a particular

digital system is -151 dBW and the
(b) 5·3 effective noise temperature of the
(c) 10·5 receiver system is 1500 K. The value of
Eb required for a link transmitting
(d) 15·8 No
2400 bps is
81. What is the required bandwidth of a PCM
system for 256 quantization levels when (a) - 12 dB
48 telephone channels, each band-
limited to 4 kHz, are to be time-division (b) -1·2 dB
multiplexed by this PCM?
(c) +1·2 dB
(a) 6·246 MHz
(d) +12 d B
(b) 3·464 MHz

(c) 3·072 MHz

85. The largest error between reference input
(d) 1·544 MHz and output during the transient period
is called
82. The modulation scheme used in GSM is
(a) peak error
(a) frequency shift keying
{b) transient overshoot
(b) phase shift keying

(c) Gaussian minimum shift keying (c) peak overshoot

(d) amplitude shift keying (d) transient deviation

MKA-8-ETN /66A 16

86. Consider the following statements 88. Consider a discrete memoryless source
regardmg ·relative stability' : with source alphabet S = {s 0 , s 1, s 2 }
with probabilities
It is defmed
10 in terms of gain margin only
20 in terms of phase margin and
certain other parameters The entropy of the source is
J. in tcrm:J of gain mttrgin, phuut.:
margin and location of poles in (a) ..!. bit
s -plane
40 in relation to another identified (b) bit

Which of the above statements are (c) -3 boItS

correct? 2

(a) 1 and 2 (d) ..!. bit

(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4 89. For a lead compensator, whose transfer
(d) 1 and 4 function 1s giVen b y Ks

0 a a, b セ@ 0


87. Consider the following statements : (a) a< b

For a type-1 and a unity feedback (b) a>b

system, having unity gain in the forward (c) 。セ@ Kb
1. positional error constant K P (d) a= 0
equal to zero
:20 acceleration error conslanl Ka Is 90. A unity foodba.olc oyotom ha.o open loop
equal to zero transfer function with two of its poles
located at -0°1, 1; and two zeros located
30 steady-state error e55 per unit-step
at -2 and -1 with a variable gain K. For
displacement input is equal to 1
what value(s) of Kwould the closed-loop
Which of the above statements are system have one pole in the right half of
correct? the s-plane?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (a) K > 0°3

(b) 1 and 2 only (b) K < 0°05

(c) 2 and 3 only (c) 0°05 < K < 0°3

(d) 1 and 3 only (d) K > 0

MKA-5-ETN /66A 17 [ PoToOo

91. Consider that in a system loop transfer 93. The open-loop transfer function of a
function, addition of a pole results in unity feedback control system is
the following :
1. Root locus gets pulled to the right- G{s)H(s) = - -1-0 - -
s(s + 2)(s + K)
hand side.
2. Steady-state error is increased. Here K is a variable parameter. The
3. System response gets slower. system will b e stable for all values of

(a) K > -2
Which of the above are correct?
(b) K >0
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(c) K > 1
(b) 1 and 2 only
(d) K > 1-45
(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only 10

94. A control system has G{s) = and
s(s + 5)
H(s) = K. What is the value of K for
92. The magnitude plot for the open-loop
which the steady-state error for unit-
transfer function of a control system is
step input is less than 5%?
shown in the figure given below :
(a) 0·913
(b) 0·927
- 20 dB/dec
IG(jro)H(jw) IdB

0 (c) 0·953
1 w rad/ s
(d) 1·050

Its open-loop transfer function, G{s)H(s},

is 95. What is the time required to reach 2% of
steady-state value, for the closed-loop
(a) 10(s + 1) 2
transfer function , when
(s + lO)(s + 100)
the input is u(t)?

(a) 20 s

10 (b) 2s
(c) 0·2 s

(d) 20(s + 1) (d) 0·02 s

MKA- 8-ETN/66A 18

96. If the characteristic equation of a 99. A 32 kB RAM is formed by 16 numbers of
closed-loop system is Rウセ@ + 6s + 6 = 0, a particular type of SRAM IC. If each IC
then the system is needs 14 address bits, what is the IC
(a) overdamped
{b) critically damped (a} 32 kbits
(c) underdamped
(b) 16 kbits
(d) undamped

(c) 8 kbits
97. For derivative control action, the
actuating signal consists of proportional
(11.) 4 ォャjセ@
error signal with addition of
(a) derivative of the error signals
(b) integral of the error signals 100. A cache line has 128 bytes. The main
(c) steady-state error memory has latency 64 ns and band-
width 1 GBfs. The time required to
(d) a constant which is a function of fetch the entire cache line is
the system type
(a) 32 ns
98. Consider the following statements
regarding a PID controller : (b) 64 ns
1. The error is multiplied by a
negative (for reverse action) (c) 96 ns
proportional constant P, and added
to the current output.
(d) 192 ns
2. The error is integrated (averaged)
over a period of time, and then
divided by a constant I, and added
101. An asynchronous link between two
lo the current control output.
computers uses the start-stop scheme ,
3. The rate of change of the error is with one start bit and one stop bit, and
calculated with respect to time, a transmission rate of 48·8 kbitsjs.
multiplied by another constant D, What is the effective transmission rate
and added to the output. as seen by the two computers?
Which of the above statements are
(a) 480 bytesjs

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 488 bytes/ s

(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 4880 bytesjs
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 2 and 3 only (d) 4800 bytes/ s

MKA- S- BTN /66A 19 [P.T.O.

102. The noise factor of an attenuator pad that 105. Consider the following processes which
has an insertion loss of 6 dB is arrived in the order P1 , P2 and P3 :

(a) 0·25 Process Burst time

(b) 0·5 pl 24 ms

(c) 2 p2 3 ms
p3 3 ms
(d) 4
What is the average waiting time by
103. A weighted complete graph with n FCFS scheduling?
vertice s has weights 2li- Jl at edges
(a) 17 ms
(vi, v J ). The weight of a minimum
spanning tree is (b) 19 ms
n2 (c) 21 ms
(d) 23 ms
2 106. The cumulative distribution function of a
random variable xis the probability that
(c) 2n - 2
X takes the value

(d) n-1 (a) less than or equal to x

(b) equal to x
104. Consider the following statements
regarding the functions of an operating (c) greater than x
system in a computer : (d) zero
1. It controls hardware access.
2. It manages files and folders. 107. A disk unit has 24 recording surfaces. It
3. It provides a user interface. has a total of 14000 cylinders. There is
an average of 400 sectors per track.
4. It manages applications.
Each sector contains 512 bytes of data.
Which of the above statements are What is the data transfer rate at a
correct? rotational speed of 7200 r.p.m.?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (a) 68·80 x 10 6 bytesjs

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only (b) 24·58 x 10 6 bytesjs

(c) 3 and 4 only (c) 68·80 x 10 3 bytesjs

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (d) 24·58 x 10 3 bytesjs

MKA- S- ETN/66A 20

108. In the demand paging memory, a page 110. Consider the following schedules for
table js h eld in registers. If it takes transactions 1]_, T2 and T3 :
1000 ms to servke a page fault and if
the memory access time is 10 ms, what
is the effective access time for a page
1i T2 T3
Read (X)
fault rate of 0 ·0 1?
Read (Y)
{a) 19·9 mo Read (Y)
Write (Y)
{b) 10·9 ms
Write (X)
Wrilo (.X)
{c) 9·99 ms
Read (X)
{d) 0·99 ms Write (X)

The correct schedule of serialization will

109. Consider the following statements be
rega rding database normal forms :

1. Any relation with two attributes is


2. Lossless, dependency-preserving
decomposition into BCNF is always

3. Lossless, dependency-preserving
decomposition into 3NF is always
possible .
111. A receiver tunes signals from 550 kHz to
4. BCNF is stricter than 3NF. 1600 kHz with an IF of 455 kHz. The
frequency tuning range ratio for the
oscillator section of the receiver is
Which of the above statements are nearly

{a) 1, 2 and 3 {a) 2·90

(b) 1, 3 and 4 (b) 2·05

{c) 1, 2 and 4 (c) 1·65

{d) 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1·30

mka Mセ M セtn@ I 66A 21 [P.T.O.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --

112. In a basic transmission line, the voltage 115. A plane y = 2 carries an infinite sheet
at the receiving end without load is of charge 4 nC jm 2 . If the セ・、ゥオュ@ is
660 V; and it is 420 V with full load. free space, what is the force on a point
What is the percentage of voltage charge of 5 mC located at the origin?
(a) 0 ·54nay N
(a) 77%
(b) 0 ·18nay N
(b) 67%
(c) -0·36na
y N
(c) 57%

(d) 47%
(d) -0·18nay N

113. A quarter-wave transformer of 116. A random process X(t) is called 'white

characteristic impedance 60 Q has been noise' if the power spectral density is
used to match a transmission line of equal to
characteristic impedance Z 0 with a load 1t 1t
of 72 .Q.. What is the characteristic (a) 8 (b) 2
impedance of the transformer, when the
load of 72 .Q. is replaced by 98 .Q.? 3n
(c) (d) 1t
(a) 98 Q
(b) 80 Q
117. What is the reflection coefficient for the
(c) 70 Q line Z o = 300LOO .Q. and Z L = 150L0° .Q.?
(d) 60 Q
(a) 0·5

114. Consider the following statements : (b) 0 ·333

Stokes' theorem is valid irrespective of (c) -0·333

1. shape of closed curve C (d) -0·5
2. type of vector A
3. type of coordinate system 118. An electromagnetic wave is transmitted
4. whether the surface is closed or into a conducting medium of conduc-
open tivity cr. The depth of penetration is
Which of the above statements are (a) directly proportional to frequency
(b) directly proportional to square root
(a) 1, 2 and 4 of frequency
(b) 1, 3 and 4 (c) inversely proportional to frequency
(c) 2, 3 and 4
(d) inversely proportional to square
(d) 1, 2 and 3 root of frequency

MKA- S- ETN /66A 22

119. Which of the following are the properties QセN@ In VLSI n-MOS process, the thinox mAsk
of TEM mode in a lossless medium?

1. Its cut-off frequency is zero.

(a) patterns the ion implantation
2. Its transmission line is a hollow within the thinox region

3. It:=i wョvセ@ ゥューセイャョN@ is thf': (b) dcpoiitlil polyailicon all over the
impedance in a bounded dielectric. thinox region
4. Its phase velocity is the velocity of
light in an unbounded dielectric.
(c) patterns thickox regions to expose
silicon where source, drain or gate
Select the correct answer using the code areas are required
given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(d) grows thickox over thinox regions
in gate areas
(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 2 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 4 122. For a random variable x having the PDF

shown in the figure given below

120. Consider the following statements


Plane wave propagation through a

circular waveguide results in

1. TE ュッ、・セ@

2. TM modes the mean and the variance are,


Which of th e above statements is Jare (a) 0· 5 and 0·66


(a) 1 only (b) 2·0 and 1·33

(b) 2 only
(c) 1·0 and 0·66
(c) Either 1 or 2

(d) Both 1 and 2 (d) 1·0 and 1·33

MKA-8-ETN I 66A 23 [ P.T.O.

123. Consider the following statements with 125. What are the conditions which are
respect to bilinear transformation necessary for using a parallel port?
method of digital fllter design :
1. Initializing by placing appropriate
1. It preserves the number of poles bits at the control register
and thereby the order of the ftlter.
2. Calling on interrupt whenever a
2. It maintains the phase response of status flag sets at the status
the analog filter. register
3. The impulse response of the analog 3. Interrupting servicing (device
filter is not preserved. driver) programming

Which of the above statements are Select the correct answer using the code
correct? given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3 (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 2 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only

124. Consider the following statements :

126. Consider a point-to-point communication
The 8259A Programmable Interrupt network represented by a graph. In
Controller can terms of the graph parameters, the
maximum delay (quality of service)
1. manage eight interrupts experienced by a packet employing
2. vector an interrupt request Bellman-Ford routing algorithm is I are
anywhere in the memozy map
1. diameter of the graph
3. have 8-bit or 16-bit interval
2. shortest path on the graph
b etween interrupt vector locations
3. sum of all edge weights in the
4. be initialized with operational
command words

Which of the above statements are Select the correct answer using the code
correct? given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (a) 1 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only (b) 2 only

(c) 3 and 4 only (c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2 and 3


127. Let RSA prime numbers be p = 3 and 130. The transmission path loss for a
q = 11. If the corresponding public key geostationary satellite signal for uplink
e = 3, what is the private key? frequency of 6 G Hz is

(a) 4
(a) 60 dB
(b) 5

(r.J n
(d) 7
(c) 184 dB

128. The maximum radiation for an cndfirc

array occurs at (d) 200 dB

(a) <Po = 0

131. Consider the following statements :

If the maximum range of radar has to be

(d) <l>o =2 1. the peak transmitted power may be
increased 16 folds

129. Consider the following statements 2. the antenna diameter may be

regarding TCP : doubled
1. It enables two hosts to establish a 3. the sensitivity of receiver may be
connection and exchange streams doubled
of data.
2. It guarantees delivery of data in the 4. the transmitted pulse width may be
same order in which they are sent. doubled
3. TCP segmentation offload is used to
reduce the CPU overhead ofTCP/IP Which of the above statements are
on fast networks. correct?
Which of the above statements are (a) 1 and 2

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 3 and 4
(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1 and 4

MKA- S- ETN /66A 25 [P.T.O.

132. What is the maximum signal propagation 135. A microwave communication link
time for a geosynchronous satellite employs two antennas for transmission
transmission system? and reception elevated at 200m and
80 m, respectively. Considering
(a) 140 ms o bliqucncss of the Earth, the maximum
possible link distance is
(b) 220 ms
(a) 46 km
(c) 280 ms
(b) 64 km
(d) 560 ms (c) 96 km

(d) 102 km
133. The field strength at the rece1vmg
antenna location at a distance of 28 km
136. Consider a packet switched network
from a half-wave dipole transmitter
based on a virtual circuit mode of
radiating 0·1 kW is
switching. The delay jitter for the
(a) 1·5mV/m packets of a session from the source
node to the destination node isjare
(b) 2·5 mVjm 1. always zero

(c) 3·5 mV/m 2. non-zero

3. for some networks, zero
(d) 4·5 mV/m
Select the correct answer using the code
given below.
134. Consider the following loop :
(a) 1
MOV CX, 8000h (b) 2 only
JNZ L1 (c) 3 only

(d) 2 and 3
The processor is running at
14·7456/3 MHz and DEC CX requires
2 clock cycles and JNZ requires 16 137. Molybdenum has a Body-Centered Cubic
clock cycles. The total time taken is (BCC) structure with an atomic radius
nearly of 1·36 A. Then the lattice parameter for
BCC molybdenum is
(a) 0·01 s
(a} 2·77 A
(b) 0·12 s
(b) 3·14 A
(c) 3·66 s (c) 5·12 A
(d) 4·19 s (dJ 6·28 A

MKA- S-ETN/66A 26

f)irprfirm .c:; · 1 セqN@ セエアpュョ@ (l) '
Each of the next thirteen ( 13) items consists of The direction of dynamically induced
two statements, one labelled as 'Statement (I)' e.m.f. in a conductor is determined by
and the other as 'Statement (II)'. Examine these Fleming's left-hand rule.
two statements carefully and select the answers
to these items using the code given below :
Statement (II) :
The mutual inductance between two
Code: magnetically isolated coils is zero.

(a) Both Statement (I) and Statement (II)

are individually true セZュ、@
Statement (II) is the correct 140. Statement (I) :
explanation of Statement (I) Photodiodes are not used in relay

(b) Both Statement (I) and Statement (II)

are individually true but Statement (II) :
Statement (II) is not the correct The current needed to activate
explanation of Statement (I) photodiodes is very low even at high
light intensities.
(c) Statement (I) is true but
Statement (II) is false
141. Statement (I) :
An autotransformer is economical in
(d) Statement (I) is false but
using copper in its manufacture.
Statement (II) is true

Statement (II) :
'!'he sect10n o! the wmdmg common to
both primary and secondary circuits
carries only the difference of primary
138. Statement (I) : and secondary currents.
The coupling between two magnetically
coupled coils is said to be ideal if the
coefficient of coupling is unity. 142. Statement (I) :
FIR fllters are always stable.

Statement (II) : Statement (II) :

Lower the selt-mductance ot a coil, Uk tilters reqmre less memory and are
more will be the e.m.f. induced. less complex.

MKA- S-ETN /66A 27 [P.T.O.

143. Statement (I) : 147. Statement (I) :
Nuclear power plants are suitable only PID controller is an essential part of
for base load operation. any control loop in process industry.

Statement (II) :
Statement (II) :
PID control system performs better
Nuclear power reactor cannot respond than most predictive control methods
to loacl fluctu a tion efficiently. in the context of measured

144. Statement (I) : 148. Statement (I) :

Solar insolation is a measure of solar Large RAM with MOS circuit
irradiance over a specified period of technology is used for the main
time. memory in a computer system.

Statement (II) :
Statement (II) :
An important application of ROM is
Solar insolation data are commonly
to store system programs, library
used for isolated PV system design.
subroutines, etc.

149. Statement (I) :

145. Statement (I)
The smallest change Elements with non-minimum phase
of input
detectable at the output is called the transfer functions introduce large
resolution of a transducer. phase lags with increasing frequency
resulting in complex compensation
Statement (II) :
Statement (II)
A high resolution means high
accuracy. Transportation lag commonly
encountered in process control
systems is a non-minimum phase
146. Statement (I) : element.

Constant M and N circles, as also

150. Statement (I)
Nichols' charts, are graphical
techniques to assess closed-loop Speech enhancement techniques are
performance in the frequency domain. used to make a processed speech
signal sound superior to the
unprocessed one.
Statement (II) :
While constant M and N circles use Statement (II) :
Nyquist polar plots data, Nichols' chart A 'perfect signal' is required as
uses Bode plots data. reference for speech enhancement.

wKoa セM セ M


MKA- 8-ETN I 66A 29 [P.T.O.



MKA- S-ETN I 66A 31 [P.T.O.


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