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LESSON PLAN IN MATHEMATICS

GRADE-8

I-OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson the learners are expected to:

1. identify the basic steps in solving age problems.


2. solve each problem easily.
3. demonstrate honesty through solving and checking age problems.

II-SUBJECT MATTER

TOPIC : Age problems


REFERENCE: Aufman and lockwood, Beginning Algebra 1898, Pp.
92-97
LEARNING RESOURCES: Visual Aids, Picture of Persons and
markers.
VAUES INTEGRATION: “Honesty”

III- PROCEDURE
TEACHERS ACTIVITY STUDENTS ACTIVITY
1.Preparation
Good morning class! Everybody Our Father who art in
stand and Let us pray. Can somebody heaven….
lead a prayer?

a. Review
In the previous meeting we had
discussed about translating verbal
phrase into mathematical expression.
For example: Twice a number 2x -3=1
diminished by three is one.
Very good!
How about, the sum of a number x and X+6=15
six is fifteen?

b. Motivation
Today, you will learn how to
solve age problems. It is important to
learn how to solve age problems if you
want to know the exact age of
something or someone base on the
information being presented, at the
end of the lesson you are expected to
identify the basic steps in solving age
problems easily, but before that let us
first sing the song
“Math jingles”. I will sing it first and
you
will repeat after me.

Is it clear? Yes Teacher!

MATH JINGLE

Math problems, math problems


Head hurts when you think
But it helps those like me
In everyday you see. Hey!

Math problems, math problems


I know they are hard
But it can help you too
In almost everything

A day or two may help


In understanding things
And soon you’ll answer them
Just like 1,2,3

What else can we do?


Except things about the clues
And solving things
Will never be a great burden to you

Math problems, math problems


I know they are hard
But it helps those like me
In everyday you see.

c. Unlocking of difficulties
Before we proceed let us first
define
Some difficult words and phrases.
The first word is “Older than” “Older than” it means with
greater age compare to
The second word is “Twice as old” something or someone.
“Twice as old” it means the
The third word is “Variable” result of doubling the age of
something or someone.
“Variable” it means a symbol
used to represent an
unknown value.

2. Lesson proper
Today, our lesson is centered on
solving age problems.

What are age problems? (Students will read)


Age problems are algebraic
word problems that deal with
the ages of people or things.

What are the factors that we need to


consider when solving age problems? When solving age problems
you need to represent the
following in terms of a
variable:
1.the present ages of the
people involved.
2.the age of the other
specified time of the
People or things involved.
Form an equation
base on the
representations.
(Show a picture of Noli and Ted)

Example:
Noli is two years older than Ted and
the sum of their ages is 98. How old is
each of them?

Step 1: Make a representation


Let “X” be the age of Ted
Let “X+2” be the age of Noli
Step 2: Form an equation base on the
representation
X+X+2=98
2X+2=98
2X=98-2
2X=96
2 2
X=48
Ted is 48 years old and Noli is two years
older.
X+2
48+2=50
Therefore Noli is 50 years old.

Checking:
X+X+2=98
(48)+(50)=98
98=98

A. Activity
(Show a picture of Zyon, Marah and
Ella)
Zyon wants to know the ages of
Marah And Ella. He knew that Marah is
two years older than Ella and the sum of
their ages is 32. Help Zyon to find the
ages of Marah and Ella.

Do you want to help Zyon, class?


Yes, we really want ma’am!

Step 1:
Let “X” be the age of Ella
Let “X+2” be the age of
Marah

Step 2:
X+X+2=32

Step 3:
X+X+2=32
2X+2=32
2X=32-2
2X=30
2 2
X=15
Ella is 15 years old
X+2
15+2=17
Marah is 17 years old

Checking:
X+X+2=32
(15)+(17)=32
32=32
B. Analysis
How do you feel when you solve age
problem correctly? I feel proud.

C. Abstraction
If you will become a teacher, how will
you going to impart your knowledge about I will assure that I will do my
age problems to your students? very best for them to
understand the lesson
properly.
D. Application
Class, group yourselves into four,
each group must have a leader to
represent and explain the answer of their
group.
The first group will perform the step 1.
The second group will perform the step 2.
The third group will perform the step 3.
The fourth group will perform the
checking.

Is it clear?
But before we proceed, what are the Yes, teacher!
norms that we have to follow during Cooperate with the group,
group activities? observe cleanliness and
teamwork.
( Show a pictures of Angela and Jhonny )
Angela is three years older than
Jhonny, and the sum their ages is 27.
Find both of their ages.
Group 1. Make a
representation
Let “X” be the age of
Jhonny
Let “X+3” be the age of
Angela.

Group 2. Form an equation


base on the
representation
X+X+3=27

Group 3. Perform the


operation
X+X+3=27
2X+3=27
2X=27-3
2X=24
2 2
X=12
Jhonny is 12 years old

X+3
12+3=15
Angela is 15 years old.

Group 4.
Checking:
X+X+3=27
(12)+(15)=27
27=27
3.Generalization
Class, what did you learned
today? Ma’am I learned the basic
steps of solving age
problems.

IV-EVALUATION
Solve the following age problems and check.
1.Maya is twice as old as Daniella and the sum of their ages is 60. How old
are they?
2.Vincent is two years older than Martin and the sum of their ages is 30.
How old are they?
3.Bryan is one year older than Lorenz and the sum of their ages is 29. Find
both of their ages.
4.Lina is three years older than Neil and the sum of their ages is 43.Find
their ages.
5.Rachel is twice as old as Jean and the sum of their ages is 15. How old
are they?

V-ASSIGNMENT
Solve and prove your answer by checking
Anika is two years older than Moniko, in three years, the sum of their
ages will be 28. Find their ages today.