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# Weld Design For CHS

Design Parameter

## Fx = 0.0 kN Maximum Shear Force at X Axis

Fz = 83.13 kN Maximum Shear Force at Z Axis
Fy = 0.0 kN Maximum Shear Force at Y Axis
Mx = 0.00 kNm Mx , Max. Torsional Moment
Mz = 0.00 kNm Mz , Max. Flexural Moment
Weld = Fillet Weld Type of Weld
E = E42 Weld Electrode ( BS 639 ) B.S. Table 10
Grade = S275 Steel Grade ( BS 4360 )
pw = 220 N/mm2 Design strength of fillet weld B.S. Table 37
Lw = 88 mm Diameter of Weld
ww = 0 mm Width of weld for rectangular shape weld
tw = 5 mm Thickness of Fillet Weld
Lt = ∏ * Lw
= 276.4608 mm

## 4.2 Torsional Shearing Stress of Weld

ΣMo = 0
xw = 44 mm Location of weld Centroid At X Axis
zw = 44 mm Location of weld Centroid At Z Axis

Ix = ∏(Lw /2 )3
= 301029 mm3 Moment of Inertia of Weld at X Axis

Iz = ∏(Lw /2 )3
= 301029 mm3 Moment of Inertia of Weld at Z Axis

Ix
= 0.00 N/mm

Iy
= 0.00 N/mm

## fy' = fz1 + fz2

= 0.00 N/mm Total Flexural Stress at Weld

## FR = [ (fy' )2 + ( Fx / Lt 2 + Fy/Lt 2+ Fz/Lt2) ]0.50

= 300.69 N/mm Maximum Shearing Stress at Most Stressed
tmin = FR
0.707 * ( 1mm ) * pw
= 1.933 mm Minimum Thickness of Weld required

## Since tmin < tw therefore the weld Connection is ADEQUATE

Weld Design For RHS

Design Parameter

## Fx = 20.0 kN Maximum Shear Force at X Axis

Fz = 50 kN Maximum Shear Force at Z Axis
Fy = 20.0 kN Maximum Shear Force at Y Axis
Mx = 0.00 kNm Mx , Max. Torsional Moment
Mz = 45.00 kNm Mz , Max. Flexural Moment
Weld = Fillet Weld Type of Weld
E = E42 Weld Electrode ( BS 639 ) B.S. Table 10
Grade = S275 Steel Grade ( BS 4360 )
pw = 220 N/mm2 Design strength of fillet weld B.S. Table 37
Lw = 250 mm Length of Weld
ww = 150 mm Width of weld for rectangular shape weld
tw = 6 mm Thickness of Fillet Weld
Lt = 2* Lw + 2 * ww
= 800 mm Total Length of Weld

## 4.2 Torsional Shearing Stress of Weld

ΣMo =
xw = 75 mm Location of weld Centroid At X Axis
zw = 125 mm Location of weld Centroid At Z Axis

Ix = Lw2 ( 3ww + Lw )
= 6 Moment of Inertia of Weld at X Axis
7291667 mm 3

Iz = ww ( 3Lw + ww )
2

## = 6 Moment of Inertia of Weld at Z Axis

3375000 mm3
Flexural Shearing Stress of Weld

Ix
= 771.43 N/mm

Iz
= 0.00 N/mm

## fy' = fz1 + fz2

= 771.43 N/mm Total Flexural Stress at Weld

## FR = [ (fy' )2 + ( Fx / Lt 2 + Fy/Lt 2+ Fz/Lt2) ]0.50

= 883.93 N/mm Maximum Shearing Stress at Most Stressed
tmin = FR
0.707 * ( 1mm ) * pw
= 5.683 mm Minimum Thickness of Weld required

## Since tmin < tw therefore the weld Connection is ADEQUATE

Weld Design For RHS

Design Parameter

## Fx = 0.0 kN Maximum Shear Force at X Axis

Fz = 1.243 kN Maximum Shear Force at Z Axis
Fy = 0.0 kN Maximum Shear Force at Y Axis
Mx = 0.00 kNm Mx , Max. Torsional Moment
Mz = 45.00 kNm Mz , Max. Flexural Moment
Weld = Fillet Weld Type of Weld
E = E42 Weld Electrode ( BS 639 ) B.S. Table 10
Grade = S275 Steel Grade ( BS 4360 )
pw = 220 N/mm2 Design strength of fillet weld B.S. Table 37
Lw = 250 mm Length of Weld
ww = 150 mm Width of weld for rectangular shape weld
tw = 6 mm Thickness of Fillet Weld
Lt = Lw + 2 * ww
= 550 mm Total Length of Weld

## 4.2 Torsional Shearing Stress of Weld

ΣMo =
xw = 125 mm Location of weld Centroid At X Axis
zw = 125 mm Location of weld Centroid At Z Axis

Ix = ∏(Lw /2 )3
= 6902095 mm3 Moment of Inertia of Weld at X Axis

Iz = ∏(Lw /2 )3
= 6902095 mm3 Moment of Inertia of Weld at Z Axis

Ix
= 0.00 N/mm

Iy
= 814.97 N/mm

## fy' = fz1 + fz2

= 814.97 N/mm Total Flexural Stress at Weld

## FR = [ (fy' )2 + ( Fx / Lt 2 + Fy/Lt 2+ Fz/Lt2) ]0.50

= 817.23 N/mm Maximum Shearing Stress at Most Stressed
tmin = FR
0.707 * ( 1mm ) * pw
= 5.254 mm Minimum Thickness of Weld required