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INTELLIGENT HELMET

ABSTRACT

Road safety is a major issue of concern; it becomes necessary to implement such a


technique which is not easy to bypass the basic rule of wearing helmet. Taking this as our
aim, we are designing such a system which will make the helmet necessary to wear, thus
improve the safety of the biker by using infrared system. Also in case of accidents, the
information about the location of the accident site will be informed to the relatives of the
injured person, this will make it easy to track the person and give him prompt medical
attention, in case if he/she is unconscious. This project has two modules one is fitted in
the helmet and other which is fitted in bike . Helmet modules has different sensors like
light depending resistor(LDR),infra red proximity detector , alcohol sensor ,vibration
sensor and strap switch .bike module has GPS,GSM and ignition relay. Both modules
have micro controller for decision making and task execution. If the helmet is not worn
then the bike cannot be started. The helmet also checks alcohol content if rider is drunken
bike cannot be started. Vibration sensor detects the accident and sends alert SMS and
GPS coordinates to pre defined number.

Key words: Light Depending Resistor, Infra Red proximity detector, alcohol sensor ,
vibration sensor ,GPS ,GSM.

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CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE NO.

List Of Figures vi

Nomenclature viii

1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Layout 1

2 MOTIVATION

2.1 Introduction 2

2.2 Motivation 2

2.3 Objective Of The Project 2

2.4 Conclusion 3

3 LITERATURE REVIEW

3.1 Introduction 4

3.2 Literature Review 4

3.3 Origin Of Helmet 4

3.4 Conclusion 6

4 MODERN HELMET

4.1 Introduction 7

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4.2 Modern Helmet 7

4.3 Types Of Helmet 8

4.4 Conclusion 12

5 INTELLIGENT HELMET

5.1 Introduction 13

5.2 Proposed System 13

5.3 Block Diagram 14

5.4 Flow Chart 18

5.5 Circuit Diagram 20

5.6 Conclusion 25

6 HARDWARE DESCRIPTION

6.1 Introduction 26

6.2 Hardware 26

6.3 Conclusion 44

7 RESULT

7.1 Hardware Implementation 45

7.2 Output 46

8 ADVANTAGES, LIMITATIONS & SCOPE

8.1 Advantages 47

8.2 Limitations 47

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8.3 Scope of Project 47

9 CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

APPENDIX

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List of Figures

Fig. No: Title Page No:


3.1 Vulcanized rubber helmet 5
3.2 C F Lombard Shock absorbing helmet 6
4.1 Components of helmet 7
4.2 Full face 9
4.3 Off road 10

4.4 Flip up 11

4.5 Open face 12

5.1 Block diagram of helmet module 15

5.2 Block diagram of bike module 17

5.3 Flow chart of the proposed system 19

5.4 Circuit diagram of helmet module 22

5.5 Connection diagram of Vibration sensor unit 23

5.6 Circuit diagram of bike module 24

6.1 IN4007 Diode 26

6.2 LM 358 27

6.3 NE 555 28

6.4 Arduino Board 30

6.5 ATmega328 33

6.6 Pin diagram of ATmega328 34

6.7 Alcohol Sensor 36

6.8 Push Button 37

6.9 Piezoelectric Sensor 38

6.10 Piezoelectric Sensor 39

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6.11 Bluetooth module 39

6.12 Buzzer 40

6.13 NRF24L01 Transceiver Module 41

6.14 Relay 42

6.15 GSM module 43

7.1 Hardware Implementation of Helmet module 45

7.2 Hardware Implementation of Bike module 45

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Nomenclatures
FRP FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMER
EPS EXPANDED POLYSTYRENE
IDE INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT
IC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
PWM PULSE WIDTH MODULATION
SPI SERIAL PERIPHERAL INTERFACE
AREF ANALOG REFERENCE
AOUT ANALOG OUTPUT
DOUT DIGITAL OUTPUT
SPP SERIAL PORT PROTOCOL
ULP ULTRA LOW POWER
ISM INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC AND MEDICAL
ETSI EUROPEAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS STANDARDS INSTITUTE
GPS GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS
GSM GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION
SMS SHORT MESSAGE SERVICE
WHO WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

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