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# Steel Properties (For steel reinforcement, ASTM A615M Grade 420 MPa)

5
fy ≔ 420 MPa = 60.916 ksi Es ≔ 2 ⋅ 10 MPa

Concrete Properties

kN ⎛ 3 kgf
γconcrete ≔ 25 ―― = ⎝2.549 ⋅ 10 ⎞⎠ ――
3 3
m m

## f'c ≔ 32 ⋅ MPa λ ≔ 1.0

7 Es
f'c ⋅ MPa = ⎛⎝2.659 ⋅ 10 ⎞⎠ kPa
Ec ≔ 4700 ⋅ ‾‾‾‾‾‾‾ n ≔ ― = 7.522
Ec

fr ≔ 0.62 ⋅ λ ⋅ ‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
f'c ⋅ MPa = 3.507 MPa : modulus of rupture of concrete (ACI 318­08, eq. 9­10)

Geometric Properties

## b ≔ 1000 mm h ≔ 900 mm cc ≔ 75 mm wlimit ≔ 0.1 mm

T
Dia ≔ [ 10 mm 12 mm 16 mm 20 mm 25 mm 32 mm ]
T
2 2 2 2 2 2
Area ≔ ⎡⎣ 0.7854 cm 1.131 cm 2.011 cm 3.142 cm 4.909 cm 8.042 cm ⎤⎦

## Dn ≔ 6 : Rebar Selec on D10=1, D12=2, D16=3, D20=4, D25=5, D32=6

b 3 2
s ≔ 150 mm ds ≔ Dia = 32 mm As ≔ Area ⋅ ―= ⎛⎝5.361 ⋅ 10 ⎞⎠ mm
Dn Dn
s
3
b⋅h 4 h ds
Ig ≔ ―― = 0.061 m yt ≔ ―= 0.45 m d ≔ h − cc = 0.825 m dc ≔ cc + ―= 91 mm
12 2 2
d ≔ 809 mm

## Cracking Moment and Moment at Service Loads

fr ⋅ Ig
Msrv ≔ 250 kN ⋅ m Mcr ≔ ――= 473.479 kN ⋅ m : cracking moment (ACI 318­08, eq. 9­9)
yt
Calculation of Tensile Stress in Reinforcement at Service Loads

b −1 ‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
2⋅B⋅d+1 −1
B ≔ ――= 0.025 mm c ≔ ―――――― = 218.283 mm : neutral axis depth
n ⋅ As B
3
b⋅c 2 10 4
Icr ≔ ――+ n ⋅ As ⋅ (d − c)) = ⎛⎝1.754 ⋅ 10 ⎞⎠ mm : moment of iner a of cracked sec on transformed to concrete
3
Msrv Msrv
fs ≔ ――――= 63.336 MPa fs ≔ ――n ⋅ (d − c)) = 63.336 MPa : steel stress
⎛ c⎞ Icr
As ⋅ d − ―
⎜⎝ 3 ⎟⎠

Msrv
fc ≔ ――c = 3.111 MPa : concrete stress
Icr

­ verificaton ­
T ≔ As ⋅ fs = 339.564 kN C ≔ 0.5 ⋅ b ⋅ c ⋅ fc = 339.564 kN : internal couple T ＝ C

⎛ c⎞
M ≔ T ⋅ d − ― = 250 kN ⋅ m Msrv = 250 kN ⋅ m : internal couple mement M ＝ Msrv
⎜⎝ 3 ⎟⎠

­ if there is a compression axial force, the tensile stress minus compress can be applied to calcua lte the crack width.

P ≔ 0 kN Ac ≔ b ⋅ h − As

P ⋅ Es P
σs ≔ ―――――= 0 MPa σs ≔ ――――= 0 MPa
Es ⋅ As + Ec ⋅ Ac 1
As + ―⋅ Ac
n

4
fs ≔ fs − σs = ⎛⎝6.334 ⋅ 10 ⎞⎠ kPa : steel stress considering compression
1. Calculation of Crack Width (ACI)

## Step 1. Calculation of Spacing and Crack Width (ACI 318-08)

280 3
smax ≔ 380 ⋅ ―― ⋅ MPa ⋅ mm − 2.5 ⋅ cc = ⎛⎝1.492 ⋅ 10 ⎞⎠ mm : maxium spacing (ACI 318­08, eq. 10­4)
fs

## Step 2. Comparison of Cracking Moment and Moment at Service Loads

Mcr = 473.479 kN ⋅ m Msrv = 250 kN ⋅ m Judge ≔ if ⎛⎝Mcr > Msrv , “OK” , “NG”⎞⎠ = “OK”

## Step 3. Calculation of Crack Width (ACI 224.1R)

h−c 4 2
β ≔ ――= 1.154 dc = 91 mm A ≔ 2 dc ⋅ s = ⎛⎝2.73 ⋅ 10 ⎞⎠ mm
d−c
fs ‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾ 2
2 ⎛s⎞
w ≔ 2 ⋅ ― ⋅ β ⋅ dc + ― = 0.086 mm : crack width (ACI 224.1R­07, eq. 1­1)
Es ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠

## w ≔ ‖ if cc > 50 mm = 0.073 mm : crack width calculated with reduced cover depth, 50 mm

‖ (ACI 350­06, Clause 10.6.4)
‖ c ← 50 mm
‖ c

‖ dc ← cc + 0.5 ⋅ ds

‖ fs ‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾2
2 ⎛s⎞
‖w←2⋅― Es
⋅ β ⋅ dc + ―
⎜ ⎟
⎝2⎠

‖ w

## Judge ≔ ‖ if Msrv ≤ Mcr = “Not cracked”

‖ ‖ “Not cracked”
‖ else if w ≤ wlimit
‖ ‖
‖ ‖ “Lower than limit”
‖ else
‖ ‖ “NG”
‖ ‖