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Difference Between Packages and

Interfaces in Java
July 1, 2016 3 Comments

Packages and
Interfaces both acts as a container. The content in packages and interfaces can
be used by the classes by importing and implementing it correspondingly. The
basic difference between packages and interfaces is that a package contains a
group of classes and interfaces whereas, an interface contains methods and
fields. Let’s study some other differences with the help of comparison chart.

Content: Packages Vs Interfaces in Java


1. Comparison Chart
2. Definition
3. Key Differences
4. Conclusion

Comparison Chart

BASIS FOR
PACKAGES INTERFACES
COMPARISON

Basic Packages is a group of classes Interfaces is a group of abstract

and/or interfaces together. methods and constant fields.

Keyword Packages are created using Interface are created using "Interface"

"Package" keyword. keyword.


BASIS FOR
PACKAGES INTERFACES
COMPARISON

Syntax package package_name; interface interface_name{

public class class_name{ variable declaration;

. method declaration;

(body of class) }

Access A package can be imported An interface can be extended by

another interface and implemented by

the class.

Access keyword Packages can be imported Interfaces can be implemented using

using "import" keyword. "implement" keyword.

Definition of Packages
Packages are collection or groups of the variety of classes and interfaces. The
classes in packages are related to each other in some scope or by inheritance.
You can also create your package and use it for your program.

Creating a package

For creating a package just follow the following steps.


1. Open a file and then declare the name of the package at the top of the file,
like [ package package_name; ] the package name is the name you want
to give to the package.
2. Next, you define a class that you want to put in the package, and
remember that you declare it public.
3. Save the file as a .java file and then compile the file, then” .class” is
obtain for that file.
4. To create a package for this file the command used is “javac -d .
file_name.java. You can see that the package is created containing a ”
.class” file in the current directory. To place it in parent directory
use “javac -d . . file_name.java” command.
5. You can also create a subpackage by declaring subpackage name as [
package package_name1. package_name2; ] at the top of the file.

package Mypackage;
public class myclass{
public void displayMypackage( ){
system.out.println("method displayMypackage of class myclass of
package Mypackage");
}
Using the Package

The packages created or available in the directory can be used in the program
by using an import statement.The keyword used to import any package in your
program is “import”. The import statement can be written in two ways, or you
can say that there are two ways to access any package. First, if you want to use
a particular class from a package, The “import” keyword is followed by the
package name further followed by the dot operator and the class name which
you want to use from the package. Second, if you want to use many classes
that are contained in the packages, then the import keyword is followed by the
package name further followed by the dot and the ” * ” operator.

import package_name . class_name;


or
import package_name . *;
In above code, you can see the * sign which indicates that second method
imports all the classes contained in the packages.

Now, let’s view the use of the package with an example.

import Mypackage . myclass{


class TestMypackage{
public static void main(string args[ ]){
myclass ob1= new myclass( );
ob1.displayMypackage( );
}
}

//output
method displayMypackage of class myclass of package Mypackage.
In above code, the class TestMypackage has imported the package Mypackage
and used its displayMypackage( ) method.

Definition of Interface
Interface is a kind of a class, but, differs in a sense that the methods declared
in the interface are abstract that means the methods are only declared but not
defined. The fields in the interface are always public, static, final. The fields
must be initialized at the time of declaration. The methods declared by the
interface are defined by the class which implements that interface according to
its requirement. As the methods in the interface do not perform any function, so
there is no use of creating any object of the interface. Hence, no object can be
created for the interface.

The interface can also inherit the other interface but, the class inheriting such
an interface must also implement all the methods of the inherited interface. As
the fields are initialized at the time of their declaration in the interface, so there
is no need of constructor in the interface hence, the interface doesn’t contain
any constructor. Let’s see the example of creating and using an interface.

interface Area {
float pi= 3.14;
float find_area(float a, float b){
}
class Circle implements Area{
float find_area(float a, float b){
return (pi*a*a);
}
Class Shapes{
public static void main(string args[ ]){
Area A=new Area ( );
Circle C= new circle ( );
A=C;
float F= Area. find_area(10,10);
system.out.println("Area of the circle is :" +F);
}
In above code, we had created an interface Area, and the class Circle has
implemented the interface Area. The field “pi” has been initialized in the
interface at the time of its declaration. The class Circle has defined the abstract
method of the class area according to its requirement.
Key Differences Between Packages and Interfaces in Java
1. A package is a group of classes and interfaces together whereas, an
interface is a group of abstract methods.
2. Package is created using a keyword package whereas, an interface is
created using a keyword interface.
3. If a class or an interface inside a package is to be used the the packageis
to be imported while an interface has to be implemented.
Conclusion:
Both packages and interface are the containers. Package reduces the size of the
code as we just import the class to be used instead of again define it. Whereas
the interface reduces the confusions occurred while multiple inheritances
because in the case of multiple inheritances the inheriting class has not to
decide that definition of which method it should inherit instead it defines its
own.