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The Ultimate

Computer
Acronyms Archive

www.acronyms.ch

Last updated: May 13, 2008


«I'm sitting in a coffee shop in Milford, NH. In the booth next to me are
two men, a father and a son. Over coffee, the father is asking his son
about modems, and the son is holding forth pretty well on the subject
of fax compatibility, UART requirements, and so on. But he's little out
of date: The father asks, "So should I get one with a DSP?"

"A what?" says the son.

You just can't get far if you're not up on the lingo. You might squeak
by in your company of technological nonexperts, but even some of
them will surprise you. These days, technical acronyms quickly
insinuate themselves into the vernacular.»

Raphael Needleman

THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY.


The information contained in this document represents the current view of the authors on this subject as of the
date of publication. Because this kind of information changes very quickly, it should not be interpreted to be a
commitment on the part of the authors and the authors cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information
presented herein.
INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND FREEDOM FROM INFRINGEMENT. The user
assumes the entire risk as to the accuracy and the use of this document.
This document may be copied and distributed subject to the following conditions:
1. This document must not be altered.
2. This document may not be distributed for profit.

Page 2 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


µ (mu) ABI
0-9
A/P: Accounts Payable
0-9
A/PC: Auto Personal Computer A
µ (mu): Micro (Hardware)
Prefix for 10 power -6
A/R: Accounts Receivable
1GL: 1st Generation Language
A/UX: Apple UniX
Machine language (Software)
(Operating systems) (Apple)
24/7: 24 hours a day/7 days a week
AA: Advertising Agent
2D: 2-Dimensional
AA: Anti-Aliasing
2D: Double Density Method for removing jagged edges
(Hardware)
AA: Auto Answer
2G: 2nd Generation
AAA: Asp Application Aggregator
Mobile telecommunication network allowing 14.4 kbps
transfer rates (Communication) AAA: Authentication, Authorization and
Accounting
2GL: 2nd Generation Language
A term for a framework for intelligently controlling access
Assembler and other low-level languages (Software)
to computer resources, enforcing policies, auditing usage,
2HD: 2 sides, High Density and providing the information necessary to bill for services.
(Hardware) These combined processes are important for effective
network management (Security)
2PC: 2-Phase Commit
Protocol to allow replicated data to be modified at multiple AAB: All-to-All Broadcast
sites AAC: Advanced Audio Coding
2S: 2 Sides AAC: Authorization and Access Control
(Hardware) (Security)
2S2D: 2 Sides, Double Density AACS: Advanced Access Control System
(Hardware)
AAF: Advanced Authoring Format
2SHD: 2 Sides, High Density
AAL: Atm Adaption Layer
(Hardware)
Layer 3 of the ATM architecture. Adapts user traffic
3D: 3-Dimensional into/from ATM 48-byte payloads (Communication)
3DES: Triple Data Encryption Standard AAM: Automatic Acoustic Management
(Security) Feature that allows the host to request that the drive
modify its acoustic behavior (Hardware)
3G: 3rd Generation
Mobile telecommunication network allowing 300-400 kbps AAP: Applications Access Point
transfer rates (Communication) (DEC)
3GIO: 3rd Generation Input Output AARP: Appletalk Address Resolution Protocol
(Hardware) (Intel) (Network) (Apple)

3GL: 3rd Generation Language AAS: All-to-All Scatter


High level programming languages (Software)
AAS: Auto Area Segmentation
3GPP: Third Generation Partners Project Scanner technology which detects and optimizes text and
See http://www.3gpp.org/ (Organizations) graphics on the same page (Hardware) (Epson)

4G: 4th Generation AASP: Ascii Asynchronous Support Package


Mobile telecommunication network allowing 10Mbit/s
AAT: Average Access Time
transfer rates (Communication)
AATP: Authorized Academic Training Program
4GL: 4th Generation Language (Microsoft)
Database access languages (Software)
ABA: Address Book Archive
4GT: 4 Gigabyte memory Tuning Filename extension
5GL: 5th Generation Language ABAP: Advanced Business Application
Artificial intelligence languages (Software)
Programming
6DOF: Six Degrees Of Freedom Powerful programming language created specifically for
developing SAP applications. ABAP Objects is the new
A object-oriented generation of this language, designed to
respond to the needs of SAP's future strategies and
A: Ampere environments (Software)
Current measurement unit ABC: Atanasoff-Berry Computer
A: Anchor First digital calculating machine that used vacuum tubes
HTML tag ABEL: Advanced Boolean Expression
a: atto Language
Prefix for 10 power -18 ABEND: ABnormal END
Å: Ångstrom (Software)
Length measurement unit corresponding to 10 power -10 ABI: Application Binary Interface
meters
Defines the binary system interface between compiled
A/D: Analog/Digital applications and the operating system on which they run
(Hardware) (Software)

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ABIOS ACS

ABIOS: Advanced Basic Input Output System ACH: Automated Clearing House
A ABIST: Automatic Built-In Self-Test ACIA: Asynchronous Communication
(IBM) Interface Adapter
ABLE: Adaptive Battery Life Extender ACIAS: Automated Calibration Interval
Analysis System
ABLE: Agent Building and Learning
Environment ACID: Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation and
(IBM) Durability
(Software)
ABM: Asynchronous Balanced Mode
HDLC data transfer mode (Network) ACIS: American Committee for Interoperable
Systems
ABNF: Augmented Backus Naur Form
ACK: ACKnowledge
ABR: Available Bit Rate
A transmission control character transmitted by a station
One of five ATM Forum defined service types. Supports
as an affirmative response to the station with which the
variable bit rate data traffic with flow control, a minimum
connection has been set up. (Communication)
guaranteed data transmission rate and specified
performance parameters (Communication) ACL: Access Control List
For granting or denying access to computer resources
ABRS: Automated Book Request System
(security) (Operating systems)
ABS: ABSolute
ACL: Advanced Cmos Logic
ABS: Address Book Synchronization
ACL: Asynchronous ConnectionLess
(IBM)
(Communication)
ABS: Auto Balance System
ACM: Abstract Control Model
System to reduce vibration and noise in a peripheral
(Software)
(Hardware)
ABS: Automatic Backup System ACM: Afp Conversion Module
(Software)
ABT: ABorT
ACM: Association for Computing Machinery
ABTS: Ascii Block Terminal Services (Organizations)
AC: Access Customer ACM: Audio Compression Manager
(Communication) (Microsoft)
AC: Alternate Current ACMS: Application Control Management
AC: Audio Codec System
(Hardware) ACNM: Application Centric Network
AC: Authentication Center Management
(Software)
AC: AutoCheck
ACO: Alternate Checksum Option
AC: Automatic Computer
(Network)
ACAP: Application Configuration Access
ACP: Active Code Page
Protocol
ACP: Ancillary Control Program
ACC: ACCumulator
ACP: Auxiliary Control Process
ACC: Authorization Contract for Containers
Specification (JSR-115) that defines new ACPI: Advanced Configuration and Power
java.security.Permission classes to satisfy the Java 2 Interface
Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) authorization model (Hardware)
(Software) (Sun)
ACR: Advanced Communication Riser
ACD: Automatic Call Distribution (Hardware)
ACDI: Asynchronous Communications Device ACR: Allowed Cell Rate
Interface
ACROSS: Automated Cargo Release and
ACE: Access Control Encryption Operations Service System
ACE: Access Control Entry ACS: Access Control Server
An entry in an Access Control List (ACL). An ACE
contains a set of access rights and a security identifier
ACS: Access Control Set
(SID) that identifies a trustee for whom the rights are ACS: Access Control System
allowed, denied, or audited (Operating systems)
ACS: Admission Control Service
ACE: Adobe Certified Expert (Network) (Microsoft)
(Adobe)
ACS: Advanced Computer System
ACE: Advanced Computing Environment (IBM)
ACE: Adverse Channel Enhancements ACS: Anti Curl System
ACE: Apacer Compression Explorer ACS: Asynchronous Communication Server
ACE: Ascii Compatible Encoding ACS: Automatic Class Selection
ACE: Automatic Computing Engine ACS: Automatic Contrast Selection
ACF: Access Control Field
ACF: Advanced Communications Function

Page 4 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


ACSE ADS

ACSE: Association Control Service Element ADE: Application Data Export


The method used in International Organization for (Databases) (Oracle)
Standardization's open systems interconnection (OSI) for
A
establishing a call between two applications.
ADF: Adapter Description File
File name extension
ACSI: American Customer Satisfaction Index
ADF: Automatic Document Feeder
ACSM: Application Centric Storage Scanner device (Hardware)
Management
(Software)
ADF: Automatically Defined Function

ACSS: Aural Cascading Style Sheets ADI: Application Desktop Integrator


Spreadsheet-based extension of Oracle Applications. It
ACT: Application Compatibility Toolkit provides full-cycle accounting within the comfort and
(Software) (Microsoft) familiarity of a spreadsheet for General Ledger and Oracle
Assets (Software) (Oracle)
ACTS: Advanced Communication Technology
Satellite ADI: AutoCad Device Interface
(Communication) (NASA) Driver

ACTS: Automated Computer Time Server ADK: Additional Decryption Key


Key to be able to decrypt data even if the private key owner
ACTT: Advanced Communication and
is unwilling to provide the private key (Security)
Timekeeping Technology
ADK: Appliance Development Kit
ACU: Automatic Calling Unit
(Software)
ACVC: Ada Compiler Validation Capacity
ADL: Address Data Latch
AD: Acpi Disassembler
ADL: Architecture Description Language
AD: Active Directory (Software)
(Operating systems)
ADLAT: ADaptive LATtice filter
ADA: ADA
ADLC: Asynchronous Data Link Control
Programming language named after Augusta Ada Lovelace
ADM: Application Distribution and
ADA: Adobe Developers Association
Management
(Organizations)
ADMACS: Apple Document Management And
ADA: Automatic Data Acquisitions
Control System
ADAPT: Architecture, Design, Analysis and
ADMD: ADministrative Management Domain
Planning Tool
ADML: Application Description Markup
ADB: Apple Desktop Bus
Language
Bus architecture (Hardware) (Apple)
(Software)
ADBS: Advanced Data Broadcast System
ADML: Architecture Description Markup
(Communication)
Language
ADC: Active Directory Connector (Software)
(Operating systems)
ADMS: Adstar Distributed Management
ADC: Adaptive Data Compression System
(Hayes)
ADO: Activex Data Object
ADC: ADd with Carry (Databases) (Microsoft)

ADC: Advanced Data Connector ADODB: Activex Data Object DataBase


(Databases) (Microsoft) (Databases) (Microsoft)

ADC: Analog to Digital Converter ADP: Access Database Project


A device that translates analog signals to digital signals. Filename extension (Software) (Microsoft)
Contrast with digital-to-analog converter (DAC).
(Hardware) ADP: Aol Dynamic Pages
(Software)
ADC: Apple Developer Connection
(Apple)
ADP: Automatic Data Processing
ADPCM: Adaptive Differential Pulse Code
ADC: Apple Display Connector
Modulation
(Hardware) (Apple)
Communication protocol (Communication)
ADC: Application Delete Certificate
ADR: ADdRess
ADC: Application Development Consultant
ADR: Advanced Digital Recording
ADCAP: ADvanced CAPability (Hardware)
Used to refer to advanced capability, cuttin edge
technology, also in military applications (e.g. ADCAP
ADR2: Advanced Digital Recording 2nd
missile) generation
(Hardware)
ADCCP: Advanced Data Communication
Control Procedures ADS: Active Directory Service
(Communication) Windows 2000 network objects database that stores each
specific network item in a central database and that may
ADD: Adapter Device Driver be replicated (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
ADD: Automatic Document Detection ADS: Advanced Digital System

www.acronyms.ch Page 5 of 174


ADS AFS

ADS: Application Development Solutions AF: Assured Forwarding


(AT&T) Using AF, a provider may offer different levels of service for
A IP packets received from a customer domain. Each AF
ADS: Application Development System class is allocated a specified amount of buffer space and
ADS: Automatic Distribution System bandwidth (Network)

ADS/O: Application Development System / AF: Auto Focus


Online (Hardware)

ADSC: Adobe Document Structuring AFA: Accelerated File Access


Conventions AFAIC: As Far As I'm Concerned
ADSI: Active Directory Service Interface (Net lingo)
(Network)
AFAICT: As Far As I Can Tell
ADSI: Analog Display Services Interface (Net lingo)
ADSL: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line AFAIK: As Far As I Know
Communication infrastructure (Communication) (Net lingo)
ADSM: Adstar Distributed Storage Manager AFAIR: As Far As I Remember
(Databases) (IBM) (Net lingo)
ADSM: Advanced Data Storage Management AFAIUI: As Far As I Understand It
(IBM) (Net lingo)
ADSP: Appletalk DataStream Protocol AFC: AntiFerromagnetically-Coupled
(Apple) Multilayer coating expected to permit hard-disk drives to
store 100 billion bits (gigabits) of data per square inch of
ADSR: Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release
disk area (Hardware) (IBM)
ADT: Abstract Data Type
AFC: Application Foundation Classes
ADT: Access Developer Toolkit (Software) (Microsoft)
(Software) (Microsoft)
AFC: Automatic Font Change
ADT: Advanced Dram Technology
AFC: Automatic Frequency Control
(Hardware)
AFD: Automatic File Distribution
ADT: Application Data Type
AFDW: Active Framework for Data
ADT: Atlantic Daylight Time Warehousing
Timezone: GMT -4:00
(Microsoft)
ADTG: Advanced Data Table Gram AFFS: Amiga Fast File System
Proprietary binary format for storing database data
(Operating systems)
(Databases) (Microsoft)
AFI: Authority and Format Identifier
ADU: Automatic Dialing Unit
AFII: Association for Font Information
ADUC: Active Directory Users and Computers
Interchange
A snap-in in the Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) AFIRM: Automated Fingerprint Image
Reporting and Match
ADW: Advanced Docking Window
(Software) AFIS: Automated Fingerprint Identification
System
ADW: Application Development Workbench
(Software) AFK: Away From Keyboard
(Net lingo)
AE: Above or Equal
AFLCD: AntiFerroelectric Liquid Crystal
AeA: America Electronics Association
Display
(Organizations)
(Hardware)
AEB: Analog Expansion Bus
AFM: Adobe Font Metrics
(Dialogic)
File name extension (Adobe)
AEC: Architecture, Engineering, Construction
AFP: Advanced Function Presentation
A computer graphics market requiring specialized
(IBM)
applications that facilitate efficient planning, design,
drafting, and analysis. AFP: Advanced Function Printing
AEGIS: Advanced Electronic Guidance and Suite of electronic printing solutions to turn your invoices,
letters, policies, statements and reports into high-quality,
Instrumentation System
cost-effective documents (Software) (IBM)
AEI: Application Enabling Interface
AFP: Appletalk Filing Protocol
AES: Advanced Encryption Standard (Communication) (Apple)
(Security)
AFPL: Alladin Free Public License
AESA: Atm End System Address
AFR: Alternate Frame Rendering
(Communication)
(Hardware)
AF: Anisotropic Filtering
AFR: Annualized Failure Rate
A method of enhancing the image quality of textures on
(Hardware)
surfaces that are far away and steeply angled with respect
to the camera (Hardware) AFS: Andrew File System

Page 6 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


AFT ALN

AFT: Adapter Fault Tolerance AISP: Association of Information Systems


(Intel) Professionals A
AFT: Authenticated Firewall Traversal AIT: Advanced Intelligent Tape
(Security) (Hardware)
AFTP: Anonymous File Transfer Protocol AIX: Advanced Interactive eXecutive
IBM's Unix (Operating systems) (IBM)
AGA: Advanced Graphics Adapter
AGA: Advanced Graphics Architecture AJAX: Asynchronous Javascript Technology
and Xml
Graphics architecture for Amiga computers
Using JavaScript technology, an HTML page can
AGARAS: AntiGlare AntiReflective AntiStatic asynchronously make calls to the server from which it was
loaded and fetch XML documents. The XML documents
AGC: Automatic Gain Control
may then be used by the JavaScript technology to update
(Hardware)
or modify the DOM of the HTML page (Software)
AGE: Amorphium Graphics Engine AJDT: AspectJ Development Tools
AGLR: Anti-Glare, Low Reflection Provides Eclipse platform based tool support for Aspect
(Hardware) Oriented Software Development (AOSD) with AspectJ. See
http://www.eclipse.org/ajdt/ (Software)
AGP: Accelerated Graphics Port
(Hardware) AJP: Apache JServ Protocol
Binary, packet-oriented protocol bridging the web server
AGU: Address Generation Unit with the servlet container. The web server attempts to
Ah: Ampere Hour maintain persistent TCP connections to the servlet
Rechargable battery charge measurement unit (Hardware) container, and to reuse a connection for multiple
request/response cycles (Software)
AH: Authentication Header
aka: Also Known As
(Network)
(Net lingo)
AHA: Adaptec Host Adapter
ALAT: Advanced Load Address Table
(Hardware) (Adaptec)
ALB: Advanced Load Balancing
AHDL: Analog Hardware Description Language
ALC: Airline Link Control
AHDT: Alaska-Hawaii Daylight Time
Service protocol (Network)
Timezone: GMT -10:00
AHIG: Apple's Human Interface Guidelines ALC: Application Load Certificate
(Software) (Apple) ALC: Arithmetic and Logic Circuits
AHS: Abstract Handle Specification ALC: Automatic Level Control
AHST: Alaska-Hawaii Standard Time ALDC: Adaptive Lossless Data Compression
Timezone: GMT -10:00 (IBM)

AI: Analog Input ALE: Account Level Equivalence


AI: Artificial Intelligence ALE: Address Latch Enable
AIA: Applications Integration Architecture ALE: Application Launch and Embedding
(DEC) (Software)

AIC: Aixwindows Interface Composer ALE: Application Linking Enabling


(IBM)
ALEC: Alternative Local Exchange Carrier
AID: Application IDentifier (Communication)

AIFF: Audio Interchange File Format ALEP: Advanced Language Engineering


(Apple) Platform
AIIM: Association for Information and Image ALG: Application Layer Gateway
Management Used in conjuction with Network Address Translation
(NAT) to allow IP address translation (Network)
AIM: Aol Instant Messenger
ALGOL: ALGOrithmic Language
AIM: Application Integration Module Programming language (Software)
AIM: Application Interface Module
ALIBI: Adaptive Location of Internetworked
AIN: Advanced Intelligent Network Bases of Information
AIO: All In One ALICE: Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer
AIP: Application Infrastructure Provider Entity

AIP: Asp Infrastructure Provider ALINK: Active LINK

AIR: Architecture Implementation Review ALIWEB: Archie Like Indexing in the WEB

AIS: Alarm Indication Signal ALM: Application Lifecylcle Management


(Software)
AIS: Automated Information System
ALM: Asynchronous Line Multiplexer
AISB: Association of Imaging Service Bureaus A device that connects multiple terminals or other serial
AISI: As I See It interface devices to Sun network file servers or
(Net lingo) workstations. Also known as "multiple terminal interface."

ALN: Asynchronous Learning Network

www.acronyms.ch Page 7 of 174


ALP APC

ALP: Apple List Price ANDF: Architecture-Neutral Distribution


A Recommended retail price for Apple Macintosh equipment Format
(Hardware) (Apple)
ANI: ANImated cursor
ALP: Application Layer Program (or Process) File name extension (Microsoft)
A program or process at the Application Layer (Network)
ANI: Automatic Number Identification
ALP: Application Layer Protocol
ANN: ANNotations
Any network protocol at the application layer (Network)
File name extension (IBM)
ALP: Automatic Language Processing ANN: Artificial Neural Network
ALR: Advanced Logic Research
ANS: Advanced Networking Services
ALSA: Architectures of Large Systems of (Network)
Agents
ANS: American National Standard
ALT: ALTernate
ANSI: American National Standard Institute
ALU: Arithmetic Logic Unit An organization that reviews and approves product
Device in a CPU performing arithmetic operations standards in the United States. (Organizations)
(Hardware)
ANT: Advanced Network Tools
AM: Amplitude Modulation
ANT: Another Neat Tool
AMA: Automatic Message Accounting Ant is a Java based build tool. In theory it is kind of like
make without make's wrinkles. See
AMASS: Archival Management And Storage
http://jakarta.apache.org/ant (Software)
System
Manufacturer ANX: Automotive Network eXchange
AMD: Active Matrix Display AO: Analog Output
AMD: Advanced Micro Devices AO/DI: Always On/Dynamic Isdn
CPU Manufacturer (AMD) AOCE: Apple Open Collaborative Environment
AME: Advanced Metal Evaporation (Apple)
Recording media technology (Hardware) AOCN: Administrative Operating Company
AMG: All Music Guide Number
(Communication)
AMHA: Advanced Macro Heuristic Analysis
(Dr. Solomon) AOE: Application Operating Environment
(AT&T)
AMHIK: Ask Me How I Know
(Net lingo) AOL: Alert On Lan
(Network)
AMI: Alternate Mark Inversion
AOL: America OnLine
AMI: American Megatrends, Inc.
(Network)
AMI: Application Messaging Interface
AOP: Aspect-Oriented Programming
AML: Acpi Machine Language (Software)
AMLCD: Active-Matrix Liquid Crystal Display AOP: Association of Online Professionals
(Hardware) (Organizations)
AMMA: Advanced Memory Management AOS: Add Or Subtract
Architecture
AOSD: Aspect-Oriented Software
AMP: Asymmetric MultiProcessing Development
System architecture that uses different types of (Software)
processors in a multi-processor system (Hardware)
AOT: Ahead Of Time
AMP: Attached Media Processor Programs compilation technique (Software)
(Hardware)
AOW: Asia and Oceania Workshop
AMPS: Advanced Mobile Phone System One of the three regional OSI implementors workshops.
(Communication)
AP: Access Point
AMQRS: Audio Master Quality Recording (Hardware)
System
(Hardware) AP: Access Provider
(Communication)
AMR: Adaptive Multi-Rate
Audio Codec. GSM/AMR is an audio standard widely used AP: Application Processor
for audio in GPRS and W-CDMA networks (Communication) AP: Application Protocol
AMR: Audio Modem Riser (Software)
Slot for an internal modem (Hardware) APA: Adaptive Packet Assembly
AMS: Advanced Microcomputer System APA: All Points Addressable
(Hardware) (Siemens-Nixdorf)
APA: Arithmetic Processing Accelerator
Amstrad: Alan Michael Sugar TRADing
APAR: Authorized Program Analysis Report
Eurpean based company that built the first sub $1000 IBM
(IBM)
compatible PCs in the mid 1980's
APC: American Power Conversion

Page 8 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


APCUG ARCA

APCUG: Association of Personal Computer APR: Apache Portable Runtime


User Groups Its mission is to provide a free library of C data structures
A
and routines, forming a system portability layer to as many
APCVG: Association of Personal Computer operating systems as possible, including Unices, MS
Users Group Win32, BeOS and OS/2 (Software)
(Organizations)
APRP: Adaptive Pattern Recognition
APDU: Application Protocol Data Unit Processing
APE: Application Performance Explorer APS: Active Pixel Sensor
(Software) (Microsoft)
APS: Advanced Photo System
APF: Apple Filing Protocol
(Apple) APS: Advanced Printing Service
(IBM)
APF: Automated Purposing Framework
Collection of scripts and utilities that enable you to
APS: Analog Protection System
consistently and reliably prepare computer hardware APS: Asynchronous Protocol Specification
(BIOS, mass storage) and install the Windows operating
system and layered products on one or more build APS: Automatic Protection Switching
computers (Microsoft) A mean for automatically detecting and signalling a
transmission link failure (Communication)
API: Application Programming Interface
A set of calling conventions defining how a service is APSE: Ada Programming Support
invoked through a software package. (Software) Environment
(Software)
APIC: Advanced Programmable Interrupt
Controller APSL: Apple Public Source License
(Hardware) Software license (Apple)

APIPA: Automatic Private Internet Protocol APSO: Audio Precision System One
Addressing (Hardware)
(Network) APT: Address Pass Through
APIS: Advanced Passenger Information APT: Advanced Package Tool
System Software download/installation tool for Debian GNU/Linux
APL: A Programming Language (Operating systems)
(Software) APT: Advanced Parallel Technology
APL: Applied Physics Laboratory APT: Automatically Programmed Tools
Advanced research facility in Skaggsville, MD.
APTC: Authorized Prometric Testing Center
APL: Average Picture Level Sylvan Prometric is a division of Sylvan Learning Systems.
Monitor quality parameter (Hardware) It is the global leader in computer-based testing for
academic assessment, professional licensure, and
APLSF: A Programming Language with
certification.
Shared Files
APTM: Application Program to Transaction
APM: Advanced Power Management
Manager
APM: Application Performance Management
APU: Audio Processing Unit
APN: Access Point Name (Hardware)
Used on GPRS as access information (Communication)
APWG: Anti Phishing Working Group
APNIC: Asia-Pacific Network Information See http://www.antiphishing.org/ (Organizations)
Center
AQ: Advanced Queueing
APOP: Authenticated Post Office Protocol (Databases) (Oracle)
APP: Applecare Protection Plan AR: Access Rate
Extended warranty (Apple) The data rate of the user access channel. The rate
(maximum) at which access devices can offer data to the
APP: APPlication
frame relay network (Communication)
File name extension
AR: Application Requester
APPC: Advanced Program to Program
(IBM)
Communication
APPCM: Access Protection and Priority ARA: Appletalk Remote Access
Control Mechanism (Communication) (Apple)

APPEL: A P3p Preference Exchange Language ARAG: AntiReflective, AntiGlare

APPI: Advanced Peer-to-Peer ARAP: Appletalk Remote Access Protocol


Internetworking ARAS: AntiReflective, AntiStatic
(Network)
ARB: Architecture Review Board
APPN: Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking
ARC: Advanced Risc Computer
(Network) (IBM)
(Hardware)
APR: Advanced Port Replicator
ARC: ARChive
(Hardware)
File name extension
ARCA: Advanced Risc Computing Architecture

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ARCnet ASF

ARCnet: Attached Resource Computer AS: Application Server


A NETwork (IBM)

AREQIPA: Application REQuested Internet AS: Authentication Service


Protocol over Atm
AS: Autonomous System
(Network)
A self-connected set of networks that are generally
ARF: Abort, Retry, Fail operated within the same administrative domain (Network)
ARIN: American Registry for Internet AS/400: Application System/400
Numbers (IBM)
(Organizations)
AS/U: Advanced Server for Unix
ARIS: Architecture of Integrated Information
AS3AP: Ansi Sql Standard Scalable And
Systems
Portable
ARIS: Attack Registry & Intelligence Service Database benchmark (Databases)
(Security)
ASA: Active Server Application
ARL: Access Rights List (Network) (Microsoft)
ARL: Adjusted Ring Length ASA: American Standards Association
ARLL: Advanced Run Length Limited ASA: Architectures of Systems of Agents
ARM: Advanced Risc Machine ASAI: Adjunct Switch Application Interface
ARM: Annotated Reference Manual (AT&T)

ARM: Application Response Measurement ASAP: As Soon As Possible


(Network) (Net lingo)

ARM: Asynchronous Response Mode ASAP: Automatic Switching And Processing


HDLC data transfer mode (Network) ASB: Advanced System Buffering
(Hardware) (Intel)
ARMA: Association of Records Managers and
Administrators ASC: Accredited Standards Committee
ARMS: Architecture for Reliable Managed ASC: ASCii text
Storage File name extension
ARO: Adaptec Raidport Option ASC: Authorized Support Centers
(Hardware) (Adaptec)
ASC: Autonomous System Confederation
AROM: Alterable Read Only Memory (Network)
ARP: Address Resolution Protocol ASCB: Address Space Control Block
The Internet protocol used to dynamically map Internet Used in IBM Mainframe OS's Multiple Virtual Storage
addresses to physical (hardware) addresses on local area (MVS) - z/OS (Operating systems) (IBM)
networks. Limited to networks that support hardware
broadcast. (Network) ASCC: Automatic Sequence Controlled
Calculator
ARPA: Advanced Research Projects Agency (IBM)
Now called Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
(DARPA), the U.S. government agency that funded the ASCI: Accelerated Strategic Computing
ARPANET. (Organizations) Initiative
ARPANET: Advanced Research Projects ASCII: American Standard Code for
Agency NETwork Information Interchange
A packet switched network developed in the early 1970s. The standard binary encoding of alphabetical characters,
The "grandfather" of today's Internet. ARPANET was numbers, and other keyboard symbols (7 bit character
decommissioned in June 1990. code.)

ARPL: Adjust Requested Privilege Level ASD: Application Structure Database


(Microsoft)
ARQ: Automatic Repeat reQuest
(Communication) ASD: Automatic Skip Driver
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
ARS: Activity Reporting System
ASDSP: Application-Specific Digital Signal
ART: Adaptive Resonance Theory
Processor
ART: Average Response Time
ASE: Active Storage Element
ARTA: Apple Real Time Architecture
ASE: Adaptive Server Enterprise
ARTIC: A Real-Time Interface Coprocessor (Databases) (Sybase)
(IBM)
ASE: Alladin Smartcard Environment
ARTS: Asynchronous Remote Takeover
ASET: Automated Security Enhancement Tool
Server
A tool that allows a user to specify an overall system
ARTT: Asynchronous Remote Takeover security level (low, medium, or high) and automatically
Terminal maintain systems at those levels.

ARU: Audio Response Unit ASF: Active Streaming Format


(Microsoft)
ARX: Autocad Runtime eXtensions
(Software) (Autodesk) ASF: Advanced Streaming Format
AS: Advanced Server

Page 10 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


ASF ATDM

ASF: Apache Software Foundation ASPI: Advanced Scsi Programming Interface


(Organizations)
ASPN: ActiveState Programmer Network A
ASF: Applied Science Fiction (Software)
Manufacturer (ASF)
ASPS: Advanced Signal Processing System
ASI: Asynchronous Scsi Interface ASPX: Active Server Pages eXtended
ASI: Automatic System Installation Dynamic web pages engine for the Microsoft .NET
framework (Software) (Microsoft)
ASIC: Application-Specific Integrated Circuit
A gate array or other non-standard chip design for ASQ: Automated Software Quality
proprietary use. (Hardware) (Software)

ASID: Address Space IDentifier ASR: Access Service Request


ASIT: Advanced Security and Identification ASR: Address Space Register
Technology ASR: Arithmetic Shift Right
ASK: Amplitude Shift Keying (Software)
ASL: Acpi Source Language ASR: Automatic Send-Receive
ASL: Adaptive Speed Leveling (Communication)

ASL: Age? Sex? Location? ASR: Automatic Server Recovery


Used to get to know people better (Net lingo) (Operating systems)

ASL: Apache Software License ASR: Automatic Speech Recognition

ASL: Arithmetic Shift Left ASR: Automatic System Recovery


(Software) AST: AST research, inc.
ASLB: Accelerated Server Load Balancing Company named from first initials of the founders: Albert
Wong, Safi Qureshey, Thomas Yuen
ASLM: Apple Shared Library Manager
AST: Atlantic Standard Time
(Apple)
Timezone: GMT -4:00
ASLT: Advanced Solid Logic Technology
ASTRAL: Alliance for Strategic Token Ring
ASM: Advanced Server Manager Advancement and Leadership
(Operating systems) (Acer)
ASV: Advanced Super View
ASM: Advanced System Management LCD display technology (Hardware)
(IBM)
ASVD: Analog Simultaneous Voice & Data
ASM: ASseMbler (Communication)
File name extension
ASX: Asf Stream Redirector
ASM: Automatic Storage Management File format (Microsoft)
Oracle 10g database feature that provides the database
administrator with a simple storage management interface
ASYNC: ASYNchronous Communication
that is consistent across all server and storage platforms Communication protocol (Communication)
(Databases) (Oracle) AT: Advanced Technology
ASMP: ASymmetric MultiProcessing an IBM personal computer. Also a motherboard's form
System architecture that uses different types of factor (IBM)
processors in a multi-processor system (Hardware) AT: ATtention
ASN: Abstract Syntax Notation Modem command prefix. Defined by the modem command
The International Organization for Standardization's open set developed by the Hayes company for use on its
systems interconnection (OSI) language for describing modems and now used on most modems (Communication)
abstract syntax. AT: Azores Time
ASN: Autonomous System Number Timezone: GMT -2:00

ASO: Automated Systems Operations AT&T: American Telephone And Telegraph


ASOG: Access Service Ordering Guideline ATA: Advanced Technology Attachment
Peripheral bus architecture (Hardware)
ASP: Active Server Pages
Dynamic web pages engine (Software) (Microsoft) ATAG: Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines
W3C recommendation that explains how to develop
ASP: Advanced Signal Processing
authoring tools that make it easier to produce accessible
ASP: Appletalk Session Protocol Web pages that conform to the Web Content Accessibility
Guidelines (WCAG)
ASP: Application Service Provider
(Software) ATAPI: Advanced Technology Attachment
Packet Interface
ASP: Association of Shareware Professionals
(Hardware)
(Organizations)
ATC: Address Translation Controller
ASP: Authorized Service Provider
ATC: Advanced Transfer Cache
ASP: Auxiliary Storage Pool
(Hardware)
(IBM)
ATDM: Asynchronous Time Division
ASP: Average Selling (or Street) Price Multiplexer
ASPEN: Automatic System for Performance
Evaluation of the Network

www.acronyms.ch Page 11 of 174


ATDNet AVI

ATDNet: Advanced Technology ATR: Automatic Terminal Recognition


A Demonstration NETwork
ATRAC: Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding
(Network)
Audio compression algorithm, introduced by Sony for its
ATE: Asynchronous Terminal Emulation Mini Disk, which relies on the masking of low-amplitude
frequency components by temporaly adjacent high-
ATE: Atm Terminating Equipment amplitude components (Sony)
ATE: Automatic Test Equipment ATS: Abstract Test Suite
ATEC: Authorized Technical Education Center (Communication)
(Microsoft) ATS: Administrative Terminal System
ATF: Ajax Toolkit Framework ATS: Apple Terminal Services
Provides an extensible framework and exemplary tools for
building IDEs for the many different AJAX runtime offerings ATTN: ATTeNtion
(Dojo, Zimbra, Rico, etc) in the market (Software) ATU: Adsl Transceiver Unit
ATF: Automated Test Facility Commonly referred to as a DSL "modem" (Hardware)

ATG: Advanced Technology Group ATU-C: Adsl Transceiver Unit - Central


In a DSL loop, the line card plugged into the DSLAM
ATI: Allied Telesyn International
(Hardware)
Networking hardware manufacturer (Hardware)
ATU-R: Adsl Transceiver Unit - Remote
ATIP: Absolute Time In Pregroove
Commonly referred to as a DSL "modem" (Hardware)
ATIS: Alliance for Telecommunication
ATVEF: Advanced TeleVision Enhancement
Industry Solutions
Forum
Sett http://www.atis.org/ (Organizations)
(Organizations)
ATK: Accessibility ToolKit
ATX: Advanced Technology eXtended
ATL: Active Template Library Motherboard format (Hardware) (Intel)
(Microsoft)
AU: AUdio
ATL: Adaptive Threshold Learning File name extension
ATL: Automated Tape Library AUC: AUthentication Center
(Hardware)
AUDIT: AUtomated Data Input Terminal
ATLAS: Authorization Token Layer
AUI: Attachment Unit Interface
Acquisition Service
Describes the service needed to acquire authorization AUI: Audible User Interface
tokens to access a target system using the CSIv2 AUP: Acceptable User Policy
protocol. This design defines a single interface with which a
client acquires an authorization token AUT: Application Under Test
ATM: Adobe Type Manager AUTODIN: AUTOmatic DIgital Network
(Software) (Adobe) AUTOVON: AUTOmatic VOice Network
ATM: Air Traffic Management AUX: Apple UniX
ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode AUX: AUXiliary
A standard for switching and routing all types of digital
information, including video, voice, and data. With ATM, AV: Access Violation
digital information is broken up into standard-sized (Software)
packets, each with the "address" of its final destination.
AV: Anti Virus
(Communication)
AV: Audio Video
ATM: At The Moment
(Net lingo) AV: Authenticity Verification
ATM: Automatic Teller Machine AVA: Audio Visual Authoring
(IBM)
ATMS: Assumption based Truth Maintenance
System AVA: Avaya Certified Associate
ATN: Australian Technology Network AVATAR: Advanced Video Attribute Terminal
Assembler and Recreator
ATOB: Ascii TO Binary
AVC: Advanced Visual Computing
ATOMM: Advanced super Thinlayer and high-
(SGI)
Output Metal Media
AVC: Audio Visual Connection
ATP: Appletalk Transaction Protocol
(IBM)
(Communication) (Apple)
AVD: Alternating Voice and Data
ATP: Application Transaction Program
AVE: Autocad Visualization Extension
ATP: Available To Promise
AVG: AVeraGe
ATP2: AppleTalk Phase 2
AVGA: Advanced Video Graphic Array
ATPS: AppleTalk Printing Services
(Apple) AVI: Audio Video Interleaved
File Format
ATR: Advanced Telecommunication Research
(Organizations)
ATR: Answer To Reset

Page 12 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


AVK BBL

AVK: Application Verification Kit BA: Brokering Agent


Tool intended to help developers test their applications for
correct use of J2EE APIs and portability across J2EE
BACP: Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol A
compatible application servers, and to help developers (Communication)
avoid inadvertently writing non-portable code (Software) BAD: Broken As Designed B
(Sun)
BAFUG: Bay Area Freebsd Users Group
AVP: Attribute-Value Pair (Organizations)
AVR: Automatic Voice Recognition BAI: Bank Administration Institute
AVR: Automatic Voltage Regulation File / report format used in financial services industry
(Hardware) (Software)

AVS: Adult Verification Service BAID: Bios Aware Ipl Device


(Hardware)
AVT: Applied Voice Technology
BAK: BAcKup
AVT: Attribute Value Template
File name extension
(Software)
BAK: Binary Adaptation Kit
AVTK: Anti Virus ToolKit
(Microsoft)
(Software)
BAKOM: BundesAmt für KOMmunikation
AVVID: Architecture for Voice, Video and Swiss regulatory Organisation (Organizations)
Integrated Data
(Communication) (Cisco) BAL: Basic Assembly Language

AWAC: Audio Waveform Amplifier and BALUN: BALanced UNbalanced


Converter BAM: Bidirectional Associative Memory
AWC: Advanced Web Creations BAM: Boyan Action Module
AWD: Access Workflow Designer BAP: Bandwidth Allocation Protocol
Organize and track information (Microsoft)
BAPI: Business Application Programming
AWDE: Artus Wireless Data Enhancer Interface
(Communication) (Nokia) (Software)
AWE: Address Windowing Extensions BAR: Base Address Register
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
BARB: Board ARBiter
AWE: Advanced Wave Effects Part of the bus arbitration system (Hardware) (Sun)
(Creative Labs)
BARRNET: Bay Area Regional Research
AWG: American Wire Gauge NETwork
AWK: Aho, Weinberger and Kernighan BART: Basic Application RunTime
Unix language named after its authors: Al Aho, Peter
BARTS: Bell Atlantic Regional TimeSharing
Weinberger and Brian Kernighan
BAS: BASic
AWS: Advanced Workstations and Systems
File name extension
(IBM)
BAS: Borland AppServer
AWT: Abstract Windows Toolkit
(Borland)
(Software) (Sun)
BASDA: Business and Accounting Software
AX: Architecture eXtended
Developers Association
AXI: American eXpress Interactive (Organizations)

BASH: Bourne Again SHell


B
BASIC: Beginners All-purpose Symbolic
b: Bit Instruction Code
B: Bold Programming language (Software)
HTML tag BASM: Built-in ASseMbler
B: Byte BAT: Baby Advanced Technology
B&W: Black & White A type of system board (Hardware)

B/F: Background/Foreground BAT: BATch


File name extension
B2B: Business to Business
BAT: Block Address Translation
B2C: Business To Customer
BAWUG: Bay Area Wireless Users Group
B2E: Business To Employee
(Organizations)
B2G: Business to Government
BB: BridgeBoard
E-commerce model
BBB: Better Business Bureau
B2X: Binary To heXadecimal
(Organizations)
(IBM)
BBB: Bit By Bit
B8ZS: Binary 8 Zero Substitution
Replaces strings of zeroes by pattern with pulses BBIALB: Be Back In A Little Bit
(Communication) (Net lingo)
BA: Bell Atlantic BBL: Be Back Later

www.acronyms.ch Page 13 of 174


BBLT BER

BBLT: Bus BLock Transfer BCS: Bar Code Sorter


BBR: Back Bone Ring BCS: Basic Catalog Structure
BBS: Be Back Soon (Operating systems) (IBM)

B (Net lingo) BCS: Basic Content Service


BBS: Bios Boot Specification (Software)
(Hardware) BCS: Binary Compatibility Standard
BBS: Bulletin Board System BCS: British Computer Society
(Communication)
BCSM: Basic Call Sate Model
BC: Base Code BCSP: BlueCore Serial Protocol
BC: Business Component Host controller interface (HCI) procotol (Communication)
(Software) BCU: Bios Configuration Utility
BC4J: Business Components For Java BCU: Bus Controller Unit
Java 2 platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) framework that
helps developers quickly construct high-performance J2EE BCV: Boot Connection Vector
applications following industry-standard design patterns A field in the Plug and Play (PnP) header for a device with
(Software) (Oracle) an associated option ROM (Hardware)

BCA: BroadCast Agent BD: Blu-ray Disc


Business Objects broadcast agent. See also Name of a next-generation optical disc format jointly
http://www.businessobjects.com/products/bca/ (Software) developed by thirteen leading consumer electronics and pc
companies (Hardware)
BCC: Blind Carbon Copy
BDA: Bios Data Area
BCC: Block Check Character
In longitudinal redundancy checking and cyclic redundancy BDB: Berkeley DataBase
checking, a character transmitted by the sender after each (Databases)
message block and compared with a block-check character
BDC: Backup Domain Controller
computed by the receiver to determine if the transmission
Secondary to the PDC, provides user/computer domain
was successful.
authentication (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
BCD: Binary-Coded Decimal
BDE: Borland Database Engine
Character encoding scheme
(Databases) (Borland)
BCDBS: Broadband Connectionless Data
Bearer Service BDF: Bitmap Description Format
BDK: Bean Development Kit
BCDIC: Binary Coded Decimal Interchange
(Software) (Sun)
Code
BCEL: Byte Code Engineering Library BDLC: Burroughs Data Link Control
Library intended to give users a convenient possibility to BDLS: BiDirectional Loop Switching
analyze, create, and manipulate (binary) Java class files
BDM: Background Debug Mode
(Software)
(Hardware)
BCF: Base station Control Function
BDOS: Basic Disk Operating System
BCF: Busy Call Forwarding (Operating systems)
BCL: Base Class Library BDR: Bus Device Request
(Software) (Microsoft)
BDSL: Broadband Digital Subscriber Line
BCL: Batch Command Language (Communication)
BCN: Backbone Concentrator Node BE: Below or Equal
BCNF: Boyce/Codd Normal Form BECN: Backward Explicit Congestion
BCNU: Be Seeing You Notification
(Net lingo) A bit sent by a frame relay network to notify an interface
device (DTE) that congestion avoidance procedures should
BCP: Basic Call Process be initiated by the sending device (Communication)
BCP: Best Current Practice BEDO: Burst Data Extended Output
BCP: Binary Communications Protocol (Hardware)

BCP: Bridging Control Protocol BEEP: Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol


BCP: Bulk Copy Program BEL: BELl
Control character
BCP: Byte Control Protocol
(Communication) BELLCORE: BELL COmmunications REsearch
BCPL: Basic Computer Programming Language BER: Basic Encoding Rules
Standard rules for encoding data units described in ASN.1.
BCR: Best Cost Routing
Sometimes incorrectly lumped under the term ASN.1,
(Communication) which properly refers only to the abstract syntax
BCR: Byte Count Register description language, not the encoding technique.

BCRC: Business Component Request Center BER: Bit Error Rate


(Software) (Communication)

BCS: Banking Communication Standard

Page 14 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


BERT BitBLT

BERT: Bit Error Rate Test BIF: Benchmark Interchange Format


(Communication) In computer graphics, a standardized file structure for
specifying the geometry of a particular data set from a
BEST: Borland Enhanced Support and Training particular application as well as the user interactions to be
BET: Bit Enhancement Technology performed. B
(Hardware) BIFET: BIpolar Field Effect Transistor
BEV: Boot Entry Vector BIFF: Binary Interchange File Format
A field in the Plug and Play (PnP) Header of a device with
an associated option ROM. Preboot eXecution BIFS: BInary Format for Scenes
Environment (PXE) is implemented as a BEV option ROM BIG: Business Information Guide
(Hardware)
Data warehousing (Databases)
BF: Bad Flag BIM: Beginning of Information Marker
BFC: BrieFCase BIM: Broadband Interface Module
Filename extension (Software) (Microsoft)
BIN: BINary
BFE: Bum F*** Egypt File name extension
A remote unknown location (Net lingo)
BINAC: BINary Automatic Computer
BFF: Binary File Format
(IBM)
BIND: Berkeley Internet Name Daemon
(Network)
BFN: Bye For Now
(Net lingo) BINHEX: BINary HEXadecimal

BFRS: Base File Record Segment BINL: Boot Information Negotiation Layer
(Operating systems)
BFS: Business Forecasting Software
BIOML: BIOpolymer Markup Language
BFT: Binary File Transfer XML language designed to be used for the annotation of
BFTP: Batch File Transfer Protocol biopolymer sequence information. BIOML allows the full
specification of all experimental information known about
BGA: Ball-Grid Array molecular entities composed of biopolymers, for example,
Integrated circuit (IC) packaging that uses half-spherical proteins and genes
contacts versus pins (Hardware)
BIOS: Basic Input/Output System
BGAN: Broadband Global Area Network The program a personal computer's microprocessor uses
(Network) to get the computer system started after you turn it on
BGE: Branch if Greater or Equal BIP: Bit Interleaved Parity
BGI: Borland Graphics Interface BIPM: Bureau International des Poids et des
File name extension Mesures
BGP: Border Gateway Protocol (Organizations)
An Internet routing protocol used to pass routing BIPS: Bank Internet Payment System
information between different administrative routing The BIPS specification includes a protocol for sending
domains or Autonomous Systems. BGP does not pass payment instructions to banks safely over the Internet and
explicit topology information and is often used between a payment server architecture for processing those
Internet service providers (Network) payment instructions
BGT: Branch if Greater Than BIPV: Bit Interleaved Parity Violation
BHI: Branch if HIgher BIRT: Business Intelligence and Reporting
BHIS: Branch if HIgher or Same Tools
Open source, Eclipse-based reporting system that
BHLI: Broadband High Layer Information integrates with your application to produce compelling
BHO: Browser Helper Object reports for both web and PDF. See also
(Software) (Microsoft) http://www.eclipse.org/birt/ (Software)

BI: Binary Input BIS: Boot Integrity Service


BI: Business Intelligence BIS: Business Information System

BIA: Burned-In Address BISDN: Broadband Integrated Services


A.k.a. MAC Address; unique identifier coded into every Digital Network
NIC (Network) (Communication)

BIAB: Band-In-A-Box BISP: Business Information System Program


BIB: Back In Business BISSI: Broadband Inter-Switching System
Usually said after saying BRB (Be Right Back) to say that Interface
you're back (Net lingo) BIST: Built-In Self Test
BIB: BIBliography BISYNC: BInary SYNchronous Communications
File name extension
BIT: Binary digIT
BICI: Broadband InterCarrier Interface
BitBLT: BIT BLock Transfer
BiDi: BIDIrectional A raster operation that moves a block of bits representing
BIDS: Borland International Data Structures some portion of an image or scene from one location in the
frame buffer to another.

www.acronyms.ch Page 15 of 174


BITNET BoF

BITNET: Because It's Time NETwork BMIC: BusMaster Interface Controller


Academic computer network based originally on IBM (Intel)
mainframe systems interconnected via leased 9600 bps
lines.
BML: Bean Markup Language
B BITNIC: BITnet Network Information Center BML: Business Management Layer
BMOS: Bipolar Metal Oxide Semiconductor
BITS: Background Intelligent Transfer
Service BMP: Basic Multilingual Plane
Enables developers to write client applications that First 16-bit subset of the universal character set (UCS).
transfer files asynchronously between a client and server. Also known as Plane 0
BITS automatically resumes file transfers after network
BMP: Batch Message Processing
disconnects and machine reboots (Operating systems)
(Microsoft) BMP: Bean-Managed Persistence
BITS: Bump-In-The-Stack (Software)
Configuration where IPsec is implemented "underneath" an BMP: BitMaP
existing implementation of an IP protocol stack, between File Format for bitmapped images
the native IP and the local network drivers. This approach,
when it is adopted, is usually employed in hosts (Network) BMR: Ballistic Magneto-Resistive
Hard disk head technology (Hardware)
BITW: Bump-In-The-Wire
Configuration where IPsec is implemented through the use BMS: Basic Mapping Support
of an outboard crypto processor. Such implementations BMS: Broadcast Message Server
may be designed to serve either a host or a gateway (or
both) (Network) BMUG: Berkeley Macintosh User Group
BIU: Bus Interface Unit BN: Backbone Network
(Hardware) Large network to which many networks within an
organization are connected (Network)
BIW: Business Intelligence Warehouse
BNC: Bayonet Neill-Concelman
BIX: Byte Information eXchange Connector (Hardware)
Byte's bulletin board system
BNC: Bayonet Nut Connector
BJ: Bubble Jet (Hardware)
(Hardware) (Canon)
BNC: British Naval Connector
BJC: Bubble Jet Color
Connector (Hardware)
(Hardware) (Canon)
BNE: Branch if Not Equal
BKM: Best Known Method
Based on previous experience, the prefered method for BNF: Backus Naur Form
completing a task Syntax description for programming languages

BKSP: BacKSPace BNP: Broadband Network Premises


BL: BackLit BNS: Backbone Network Service
(Network)
BL: Bit Line
BNU: Basic Networking Utilities
BLAST: BLocked ASynchronous Transmission
Protocol BO: Binary Output
BLE: Branch if Less or Equal BO: Business Object
(Software)
BLER: BLock ERror
BOA: Basic Object Adapter
BLERT: BLock Error Rate Test
(Communication) BoB: Break-Out Box
BLISS: Broadband Local Integrated Services BOC: Basic Operator Console
Solution BOC: Bell Operating Company
Allows service providers to offer a bundle of packet-based More commonly referred to as RBOC for "regional Bell
services including local and long distance voice services operating company." The local telephone company in each
and high-speed data (Network) (Cisco) of the seven U.S. regions.
BLK: BLocK BOCA: Borland Object Component
BLL: Business Logic Layer Architecture
BLLI: Broadband Low Layer Information BOCS: Business Object Component Set
(Software)
BLMC: Buried Logic MacroCell
BOD: Bandwidth On Demand
BLOB: Binary Large OBject
(Network)
(Databases)
BOF: Beginning Of File
BLOG: weB LOG
BOF: Bird Of a Feather
BLOS: Branch if LOwer Or Same
Small conference
BLT: Baghdad Local Time
BoF: Buffer OverFlow
Timezone: GMT +3:00
(Security)
BLT: BLock Transfer
BMI: Branch if MInus

Page 16 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


BOFH BSAM

BOFH: Bastard Operator From Hell BPL: Broadband over Power Lines
A system administrator or technician with very little (Network)
patience who frequently does evil things to users (Net
lingo)
Bpl: Bytes Per Line

BOGOF: Buy One Get One Free BPM: Business Process Management B
Knowledge between management and information
Denotes cheap stuff that usually comes in bundled or
technology, encompassing methods, techniques and tools
packaged form; connotation is "low quality" (Net lingo)
to design, enact, control, and analyze operational business
BOHICA: Bend Over, Here It Comes Again processes (Software)
(Net lingo)
BPN: Business Partner Network
BOI: Business Object Interface BPO: Business Process Outsourcer
(Software)
bpp: Bits Per Pixel
BOL: Books OnLine
(Microsoft)
BPR: Business-Process Reengineering

BOM: Basic Online Memory bps: Bits Per Second


(IBM) Transfer speed (Communication)

BOM: Beginning Of Message Bps: Bytes Per Second


Transfer speed (Communication)
BOM: Byte Order Mark
BPSK: Binary Phase-Shift Keying
BOND: Bandwidth ON Demand
BPSS: Business Process Specification Schema
BONE: BeOs Networking Environment
(Software)
(Operating systems)
BPU: Branch Processing Unit
BONM: Business-Oriented Network
Management BPV: BiPolar Violation
T1 line code error with AMI encoding (Communication)
BOOTP: BOOTstrap Protocol
A legacy remote booting protocol developed originally for BR: Bad Register
use with UNIX (Network) BR: BReak
BOP: Bit-Oriented Protocol HTML tag
(Communication) BRAN: Broadband Radio Access Networks
BOPS: Billion Operations Per Second An ETSI project, it provides telecommunications services
the middle ground between mobile systems and the wired
BOPS: Billions of Processes Per Second access world. BRAN is working on radio systems to meet
Processing speed (Hardware) the new requirements of the information age
BOR: Business Objects Repository (Communication)
(Software) BRB: Be Right Back
BOS: Basic Operating System (Net lingo)

BOT: Beginning Of Table BRD: Blue Ray Disk


(Hardware)
BOT: Beginning Of Tape
(Hardware) BRF: Benchmark Report Format
In computer graphics, a standard format for reporting
BOT: Build, Operate and Transfer benchmark results. This format provides the purchaser
with a consistent data-tracking system for comparing
BOT: roBOT
hardware platforms.
BP: BackPropagation
BRGC: Binary Reflected Gray Code
BP: Base Pointer
Processor register (Hardware) (Intel) BRI: Basic Rate Interface
One of the standard ISDN interfaces defined by the CCITT
BP: Business Planner protocols. BRI consists of two B channels (64 kbps) and
(Software) (Microsoft) one D channel (16 kbps). (Communication)

BPB: Bios Parameter Block BRI: Brain Response Interface


BPCS: Business Planning and Control System BRIEF: Basic Reconfigurable Interactive
An ERP/MRP program (Software) Editing Facility
BPDU: Bridge Protocol Data Unit BRS: Big Red Switch
BPEL: Business Process Execution Language BRT: Be Right There
(Software) (Net lingo)

BPEL4WS : Business Process Execution BRU: Backup/Restore Utility


Language For Web Services (Software)
(Software)
BS: BackSpace
BPF: Berkeley Packet Filter BS: Banded Signaling
bpi: Bits Per Inch BS: Base Station
Recording Density
BS: BullSh**
BPI: Business Process Integration You say this when you think someone is lying (Net lingo)
BPL: Branch if Plus BSA: Business Software Alliance
BSAM: Basic Sequential Access Method

www.acronyms.ch Page 17 of 174


BSC BVO

BSC: Base Station Controller BT: Bit Test


BSC: Binary Synchronous Communication BT: Bus Terminator
Communication protocol (Communication) BTA: But Then Again
B BSC: Boyan SCript (Net lingo)
File name extension BTAM: Basic Tape Access Method
BSC: Bus State Controller BTAM: Basic Telecommunication Access
(Hardware) Method
BSCM: Binary Synchronous Communications (IBM)
Module BTB: Branch Target Buffer
BSCS: Bachelor of Science in Computer (Hardware)
Science BTC: Bit Test and Complement
BSD: Berkeley Software Distribution BTI: Business Type Identifier
UNIX versions developed at the University of California at
Berkeley. (Operating systems) BTL: Bell Telephone Laboratories
BSDL: Boundary Scan Description Language BTLB: Block Translation Look-aside Buffer
A subset of VHDL, it describes how JTAG is implemented BTM: Benchmark Timing Methodology
in a particular device. (Hardware)
In computer graphics, a method of measuring how long it
BSDS: BootStrap Data Set takes to run the purchaser's benchmark interchange format
program.
BSE: Bladecenter Storage Expansion
(Hardware) BTO: Built To Order

BSF: Bean Scripting Framework BTOA: Binary TO Ascii


Architecture for incorporating scripting into Java BTP: Batch Transfer Program
applications and applets (Software)
BTR: "Bet The Ranch"
BSF: Bit Scan Forward
BTR: Bit Test and Reset
BSI: Bentley Systems, Incorporated
BTS: Base Transceiver Station
BSI: BiSynchronous Interface
BTS: Bit Test and Set
(Network)
BTSOOM: Beats The S**t Out Of Me
BSI: British Standards Institute
(Net lingo)
BSM: Basic Storage Module
BTT: Back To the Top
(IBM)
Used in an on-line discussion forum to bump a topic back
BSM: Business System Management to the top of the page where more people can see it (Net
(Software) lingo)

BSML: Bioinformatic Sequence Markup BTU: Basic Transmission Unit


Language BTU: British Thermal Unit
BSOD: Blue Screen Of Death A unit of thermal energy
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
BTW: By The Way
BSP: Binary Space Partitioning (Net lingo)

BSP: Bulk Synchronous Parallelism BTX: Balanced Technology eXtended


Motherboard form factor, designed to replace ATX
BSP: Business Service Provider
(Hardware)
BSR: Bit Scan Reverse
BTX: BildschirmTeXt
BSRAM: Burst Static Random Access Memory
(Hardware)
BU: Bluetooth Unit
(Hardware)
BSS: Basic Service Set
(Communication)
BU: Branch Unit
BU: Bulk Update
BSS: Block Started by Symbol
Updating many rows in a table in a single operation
BSS: Broadband Switching System (Databases)
BSS: Business Support System BUBL: BUlletin Board for Libraries
Network management software to monitor performance and
BUF: BUFfer
resources (Software)
BUI: BUs Interface
BSSID: Basic Service Set IDentifier
(Communication) BURN: Buffer UnderRuN
(Hardware)
BSSMAP: Base Station System Management
Application Part BUS: Broadcast and Unknown Server
(Network)
BST: Binary Search Tree
BVCP: Banyan Vines Control Protocol
BST: British Summer Time
Timezone: GMT +0:00 BVH: Base Video Handler
BSV: Boot Sector Virus BVO: Business Value Orientation
BSY: BuSY

Page 18 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


BVT CAPS

BVT: Behavioral Verification Technology CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate


(IBM)
CAI: Computer Associates International
BVT: Build Verification Test (CAI)
BW: Bus Watcher CAI: Computer-Aided Instruction B
Mechanism that converts XDBus signals to XBus signals CAIRN: Collaborative Advanced Interagency
and passes them to the Module XBus Cache Controller
Research Network C
(Hardware) (Sun)
CAIS: Common Apse Interface Specification
BWA: Broadband Wireless Access
(Communication) CAL: CALendar
BWBM: BandWidth Balancing Mechanism CAL: Client Access License
BWM: Block-Write Mode CAL: Computer Aided Logistics
BYOB: Bring Your Own Beer CAL: Computer-Assisted Learning
(Net lingo) CALL: Computer-Aided Language Learning
BYORL: Bring Your Own Rocket Launcher CALS: Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle
(Net lingo) Support
BZR: Bit Zone Recording CAM: Common Access Method
(Communication)
C CAM: Computer-Aided Manufacturing
C: C CAM: Content-Addressable Memory
Programming language
(Hardware)
C&T: Chips And Technologies CAMAC: Computer Automated Measurement
C/D: Control Data And Control
C/S: Client/Server CAMM: Computer Assisted Material
Management
C2D: Character To Decimal
(IBM) CAMMU: CAche/Memory Management Unit
(Hardware)
C2T: Cable Changing Technology
CAN: CANcel
C2X: Character To heXadecimal
(IBM) CAN: Controller Area Network
CA: Certification Authority CANBUS: Controller Area Network BUS
(Network)
CA: Chromatic Aberration
CAO: Computer Account Object
CA: Collision Avoidance
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
CAAD: Computer Aided Architectural Design
CAO: Computer Aided Office
CAB: CABinet
CAP: CAPture
File name extension (Microsoft)
File name extension
CAB: Compressed Application Binary
(Microsoft)
CAP: Carrierless Amplitude and Phase
modulation
CABS: Carrier Access Billing System (Communication)
CAC: Connection Admission Control CAP: Central Arbitration Point
CACP: Central Arbitration Control Point CAP: Communication Application Platform
CAD: Computer-Aided Design CAP: Competitive Access Provider
Use of computer graphics technology to design electronic
and mechanical parts and machinery.
CAP: Computer-Aided Planning

CAD: Custom Application Developer CAP: Computer-Aided Publishing

CADD: Computer-Aided Design and Drafting CAP: Converted APplet


(Software)
CADE: Client/server Application
Development Environment CAPD: Computing to Assist Persons with
Disabilities
CADE: Computer-Aided Document Engineering
CAPE: Concurrent Art-to-Product Environment
CAE: Client Application Enabler
CAPI: Common Application Programming
CAE: Common Application Environment Interface
CAE: Computer Aided Education (Communication)

CAE: Computer-Aided Engineering CAPP: Computer Aided Process Planning


CAEN: Chemically-Assembled Electronic CAPS: CAPitalS
Nanocomputer Uppercase letters
(Hardware) CAPS: CAssette Programming System
CAEX: Computer Aided EXploration
CAG: Column Address Generator

www.acronyms.ch Page 19 of 174


CAPTCHA CBO

CAPTCHA: Completely Automated Public CAT: Computer-Assisted Translation


Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Indicates the use of a series of data processing tools
Apart aimed at assisting the translator on a level of coherency
Pronounced as "KAP.chuh", it's a computer-generated test (consistency) of the text and in terms of working speed
that humans can pass but computer programs cannot. For CATIA: Computer Aided Three-dimensional
more information, see http://www.captcha.net/,
Interactive Application
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captcha or
C http://www.wordspy.com/words/captcha.asp
CAD/CAM program from Dassault Systems

CAQ: Computer Aided Quality CATID: CATegory IDentifier


(Software)
CAR: Committed Access Rate
(Cisco)
CATS: Computer Assisted Training System

CAR: Courtesy Amount Recognition CATV: CAble TeleVision


(Hardware)
CARB: Central ARBiter
On Sun servers, a system of central arbiters (one CARB on
CATV: Community Antenna TeleVision
the control board) and a board arbiter (BARB) (one on (Hardware)
every system board) determine which processor on which CAU: Cable Access Unit
system board controls the system bus at any given time.
(Hardware)
(Hardware) (Sun)
CAU: Controlled Access Unit
CARCAS: Computer Aided aRchiving and
Change Accounting System CAV: Constant Angular Velocity
(Hardware)
CARL: Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries
CAVE: Computer-Assisted Virtual Environment
CARP: Cache Array Routing Protocol
(Microsoft) CAVERN: Computer-Assisted Virtual
Environment Research Network
CARP: Common Address Redundancy Protocol
Allows multiple hosts on the same local network to share a CAVIT: Convergence of Audio/Video
set of IP addresses among them (Network) Information Technology
CART: Computer-Assisted Radar Tomography CAWE: Computer-Aided Web Engineering
CAS: Channel Associated Signaling CBA: Can't Be Arsed
For when you can't be bothered (Net lingo)
CAS: Code Access Security
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) CBBS: Computer Bulletin Board System
CAS: Column Address Select CBC: Cipher Block Chaining
CAS: Column Address Strobe CBCR: Channel Byte Count Register
CAS: Communication Applications CBCS: Computer Based Conversation System
Specification CBD: Component-Based Development
CAS: Computer Algebra System (Software)

CAS: Computer-Aided Styling CBDO: Chief Business Development Officer


CAS: Computerized Autodial System CBDS: Connectionless Broadband Data
Service
CASE: Computer-Aided Software Engineering
CBEMA: Computer and Business Equipment
CASL: Crosstalk Application Scripting
Manufacturers Association
Language
CBGA: Ceramic Ball Grid Array
CASS: Computer Assisted Search Service
CBI: Computer Based Instruction
CASSIS: Classified and Search Support
Information System CBIOS: Compatibility Basic Input Output
System
CAT: CATalog
File name extension CBIR: Committed Rate Information Burst
The rate above the Committed Information Rate (CIR) up
CAT: CATegory to which the frame relay network can transmit
Short term used to refer to different types of cabling (ie. (Communication)
CAT5.) (Hardware)
CBL: CoBoL
CAT: Central Alaska Time
File name extension
Timezone: GMT -10:00
CBL: Common Business Library
CAT: Common Authentication Technology
CBL: Computer Based Learning
CAT: Computer Adaptive Test
CBLT: Character BLock Transfer
CAT: Computer Aided Tomography
CBM: Commodore Business Machines
CAT: Computer Aided Transcription
Company; among the first home computer manufacturers
CAT: Computer-Aided Telephony (PET, VIC20, C64, C128, Amiga)
CAT: Computer-Aided Testing CBMS: Computer-Based Mail System
CAT: Computer-Assisted Training CBO: Cost-Based Optimizer
(Databases) (Oracle)

Page 20 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


CBQ CCNA

CBQ: Class-Based Queuing CCF: Cold-Cathode Fluorescent


A public domain QoS methodology for classifying packets (Hardware)
and queuing them according to criteria defined by an
administrator to provide differential forwarding behavior for
CCF: Common Connector Framework
each traffic class (Network) (Software) (IBM)

CBR: Case Based Reasoning CCF: Connection Control Function

CBR: Constant Bit Rate CCFT: Cold Cathode Fluorescent Tube C


A class of service defined by ATM. Multimedia CCI: Common Client Interface
streams—audio and video—are examples of CBR
applications, since they send at a relatively steady data
CCIC: Committee on Computing, Information
rate with constant bandwidth allocations (Network) and Communications
(Organizations)
CBT: Canon Buffer Transmission
CCIE: Cisco Certified Internet Expert
CBT: Computer Based Training
Advanced-level certification for IT professionals who have
CBT: Core Based Tree the training, experience and confidence to tackle the most
(Network) challenging problems in their field (Cisco)

CBW: Convert Byte to Word CCIN: Coordinating Committee of


International Networks
CBWFQ: Class-Based Weighted Fair Queueing
Extends the standard WFQ functionality to provide support CCIP: Cisco Certified Internetwork
for user-defined traffic classes. For CBWFQ, you define Professional
traffic classes based on match criteria including protocols, Mid-level certification for IT professionals who have a
access control lists (ACLs), and input interfaces (Network) detailed understanding of networking technologies in the
(Cisco) service provider arena including IP routing, IP QoS, BGP,
and MPLS (Cisco)
CBX: Computer-controlled Branch Exchange
CCIR: Comité Consultatif International de la
CC: Call Control
Radio
(Communication)
A treaty organization, part of the International
CC: Carbon Copy Telecommunications Union (ITU), responsible for obtaining
international agreement on standards for radio and
CC: Cascade Correlation television transmission and the international exchange of
CC: Cluster Controller programs.

CC: Control Channel CCIS: Common Channel Interoffice Signaling


(Communication) CCITT: Comité Consultatif International de
CC: Credit Card Télégraphique et Téléphonique
Now it's called ITU (Organizations)
CC: Cross Connector
CCK: Client Customization Kit
CC/PP: Composite Capability/Preference
Set of tools that help distributors customize and distribute
Profile the client. Support is provided for creating CD and
CCA: Cardholder Certification Authority download installers. Wizards are provided to simplify
customization, installation, and ISP signup
CCA: Citrix Certified Administrator
Entry to mid level certification for IT professionals who CCK: Complementary Code Keying
want to “demonstrate product expertise on Citrix platform (Communication)
products (Citrix MetaFrame XP Presentation Server, Citrix
CCKM: Cisco Centralized Key Management
MetaFrame 1.8 for Windows, or Citrix MetaFrame
Using CCKM authenticated client devices can roam from
Presentation Server for UNIX)
one access point to another without any perceptible delay
CCAF: Call Control Agent Function during reassociation (Network) (Cisco)
CCC: Chaos Computer Club CCL: Common Command Language
CCC: Computer Control Center CCL: Connection Control Language
CCC: Cordless Computer Connection CCL: Console Command Language
(Hardware) (IBM)
CCM: Change Configuration Management
CCD: Charge Coupled Device
CCM: Comprehensive Client Manager
(Hardware)
CCM: Concurrency Control Mechanism
CCDA: Cisco Certified Design Associate
(Databases)
Introductory to mid-level certification for IT professionals
who can design routed and switched network CCM: Corba Component Model
infrastructures involving LAN, WAN, and dial access
CCMSE: Checkpoint Certified Managed
services for businesses and organizations (Cisco)
Security Expert
CCDP: Cisco Certified Design Professional Advanced certification for security professionals
Mid to advanced-level certification for IT professionals implementing Check Point's VPN-1/FireWall-1 and
who can design routed and switched networks involving Provider-1 Internet security solutions
LAN, WAN, and dial access services (Cisco)
CCN: Computer Communication Network
CCEA: Citrix Certified Enterprise CCNA: Cisco Certified Network Associate
Administrator
Introductory-level certification for IT professionals who
Mid level certification for IT professionals who want to can install, configure, and operate LAN, WAN, and dial
expand their knowledge of Citrix products and give them access services for small networks (100 nodes or fewer)
even more extensive experience installing and (Cisco)
administering the Citrix MetaFrame suite of products

www.acronyms.ch Page 21 of 174


CCNA CDI

CCNA: Customer Carrier Name Abbreviation CCW: Com Callable Wrapper


(Communication) (Software) (Microsoft)

CCNC: Common Channel Network Controller CCXML: Call Control eXtensible Markup
Language
CCNC: Computer/Communications Network
Is designed to provide telephony call control support for
Center
VoiceXML or other dialog systems. CCXML has been
C CCNP: Cisco Certified Network Professional designed to complement and integrate with a VoiceXML
Intermediate-level certification for IT professionals who interpreter
can install, configure, and troubleshoot local and wide area
CD: Carrier Detect
networks for enterprise organizations with networks from
Serial port signal (Communication)
100 to more than 500 nodes (Cisco)
CCP: Certified Computing Professional CD: Change Directory

CCP: Command Console Processor CD: Collision Detect


(Communication)
CCP: Compression Control Protocol
Used for establishing and configuring data compression
CD: Color Display
algorithms over PPP, is responsible for configuring, CD: Compact Disk
enabling, and disabling data compression algorithms on (Hardware)
both ends of the point-to-point link. See
http://www.networksorcery.com/enp/protocol/ccp.htm CD+G: Compact Disk Plus Graphics
(Network) CD+MIDI: Compact Disk Plus Musical
CCP: Console Command Processor Instruments Digital Interface
CCR: Commitment, Concurrency and Recovery CDA: Communications Decency Act
An International Organization for Standardization's open CDA: Compact Disk Audio
systems interconnection (OSI) application service
Filename extension for CD audio tracks
element used to create atomic operations across
distributed systems. (Software) CDA: Compound Document Architecture
(DEC)
CCRMA: Center for Computer Research in
Music and Acoustics CDBS: Connectionless Data Bearer Service
CCS: Color Calibration System CDBT: Compact Disk-Based Training
CCS: Common Channel Signaling CDC: Connected Device Configuration
(Communication) Provides a virtual machine and basic class libraries to
support Java language applications on consumer electronic
CCS: Common Command Set
and embedded devices such as smart communicators,
SCSI command set pagers, PDAs, and interactive, digital television set-top
CCS: Common Communications Support boxes (Sun)
(IBM) CDC: Control Data Corporation
CCS: Continuous Composite Servo CD-DA: Compact Disk Digital Audio
CCS: Cryptographic CheckSum CDDI: Copper Distributed Data Interface
(Security)
CDDL: Common Development and Distribution
CCS7: Common Channel signaling System 7 License
CCSA: Checkpoint Certified Security (Sun)
Administrator CDE: Certified Directory Engineer
Checkpoint's initial security certification. Stage 2 is the (Network) (Novell)
CCSE (Security)
CDE: Common Desktop Environment
CCSD: Cellular Circuit-Switched Data A graphical user interface running on UNIX. (Operating
CCSE: Checkpoint Certified Security Expert systems)
Checkpoint Certification. Stage 2 after completing the CDE: Complex Data Entry
CCSA (Security)
CDE: Cooperative Development Environment
CCSID: Coded Character Set IDentification
CD-E: Compact Disc Erasable
CCSP: Cisco Certified Security Professional (Hardware)
Advanced-level certification for IT professionals who are
actively involved in developing business solutions and CDF: Channel Definition Format
designing and delivering multiple levels of security Is an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML)
departments (Cisco) designed for push technology

CCT: China Coast Time CDF: Comma Delimited Format


Timezone: GMT +8:00 File name extension

CCT: Compuserve Communication Toolbox CDF: Compound Document Framework


(CompuServe) Combination mechanism for XML-based languages.
Therefore, all conformant compound documents have an
ccTLD: Country Code Top Level Domain XML-based root document
(Network)
CDFS: Compact Disk File System
CCU: Cache Control Unit (Operating systems)
CCW: Channel Command Word CDI: Customer Data Integration
(Hardware) (IBM) Bringing together business information relating to
customers from multiple sources

Page 22 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


CD-I CEC

CD-I: Compact Disk Interactive CD-RDx: Compact Disk - Rom Data eXchange
(Hardware)
CDRL: Contract Data Requirements List
CDIA: Certified Document Imaging Architect CD-ROM: Compact Disk Read Only Memory
CDID: Compact Disk Image Designer A form of storage characterized by high capacity (roughly
600 megabytes) and the use of laser optics rather than
CDIF: Case Data Interchange Format
magnetic means for reading data. (Hardware)
Family of standards that lays out a single architecture for
exchanging information between modelling tools, and CD-RTOS: Compact Disk - Real Time
C
between repositories, and defines the interfaces of the Operating System
components to implement this architecture
CD-RW: Compact Disk-ReWriteable
CDK: Content Development Kit (Hardware)
(Software) (Microsoft)
CDS: Cell Directory Service
CDK: Control Development Kit CDS: Correlated Double Sampling
(Software) (Microsoft)
Technology to clean the image signal during scanning
CDL: Computer Design Language (Hardware)

CDM: Control Development Module CDS: Current Directory Structure


CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access CDSA: Common Data Security Architecture
(Communication) CDSL: Consumer Digital Subscriber Line
CDMF: Commercial Data Masking Facility (Communication)
(IBM) CDT: C/C++ Development Tools
CDML: Claris Dynamic Markup Language Eclipse subproject working towards providing a fully
(Claris) functional C and C++ Integrated Development
Environment (IDE) for the Eclipse platform (Software)
CD-MO: Compact Disk Magneto Optical
CDT: Cambridge Display Technology
CD-MRW: Compact Disk-Mount rainier
ReWriteable CDT: Center for Democracy and Technology
Standard that enables native OS support of data storage (Organizations)
on CD-RW. This makes the technology far easier to use CDT: Central Daylight Time
and allows the replacement of the floppy. See
Timezone: GMT -6:00
http://www.mt-rainier.org/ (Hardware)
CDT: Corel Draw Template
CDN: Content Delivery Network
File name extension
CDO: Collaboration Data Objects
CDV: Cell Delay Variation
CDONTS: Collaboration Data Objects for In an ATM network, the variation in cell delay through the
windows New Technology Server network (Network)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
CD-V: Compact Disk - Video
CDOS: Concurrent Disk Operating System CDW: Computer Discount Warehouse
CDP: Certificate in Data Processing Computer store
One of the first certifications for computer professionals
CDW: Copy Database Wizard
CDP: Cisco Discovery Protocol (Databases) (Microsoft)
Used by Cisco Routers (Network) (Cisco)
CD-WO: Compact Disk - Write Once
CDP: Crl Distribution Point
CDX: CompounD indeX
(Security)
File name extension (Microsoft)
CDPD: Cellular Digital Packed Data CD-XA: Compact Disk - eXtended Architecture
(Communication)
CE: Cache Enable
CD-PROM: Compact Disk Programmable Read
Only Memory CE: Chip Enable
(Hardware) (Kodak) CE: Collision Elimination
CDR: Call Detail Record CE: Compact Edition
(Communication)
CE: Convert Enable
CDR: Clock and Data Recovery
CE: Customer Engineer
(Hardware)
CEA: Cisco Enterprise Accounting
CDR: Common Data Representation
(Cisco)
CDR: Corel DRaw
CEA: Consumer Electronic Association
Filename extension
(Organizations)
CD-R: Compact Disk Recordable
CEBIT: CEntrum Büro Information
(Hardware)
Telekommunikation
CDRA: Character Data Representation
CEBUS: Consumer Electronics BUS
Architecture
(Hardware)
(IBM)
CEC: Certified E-commerce Consultant
CDRAM: Cache Dynamic Random Access
Memory
(Hardware)

www.acronyms.ch Page 23 of 174


CEF CG

CEF: Cisco Express Forwarding CES: Consumer Electronic Show


Advanced, Layer 3 IP switching technology. It optimizes
CET: Central European Time
network performance and scalability for networks with large
and dynamic traffic patterns, such as the Internet, on Timezone: GMT +1:00
networks characterized by intensive Web-based CF: ColdFusion
applications, or interactive sessions (Network) (Cisco) (Software)
CEF: Common Executable Format CF: Compact Flash
C Format that allows a single executable to be produced to Add-in expansion cards (Hardware)
run on all Pocket PC devices, regardless of processor
(Software) CF: Coupling Facility
(Databases)
CEG: Continuous Edge Graphics
CFA: Color Filter Array
CEH: Certified Ethical Hacker
In digital imaging, CFAs assign a separate primary color to
Certification in IT security issued by The International each pixel by placing a filter of that color over the pixel. .
Council of Electronic Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) As photons pass through the filter to reach the pixel, only
(Security) wavelengths of that primary color will pass through
CEI: Conducted Electromagnetic Interference (Hardware)

CEI: Connection Endpoint Identifier CFB: Call Forward Busy


CELP: Card Edge Low Profile CFB: Cipher FeedBack
(Intel) CFB: Configurable Function Block
CELP: Code Excited Linear Prediction CFC: ColdFusion Component
CEMA: Consumer Electroinics Manufacturers (Software)
Association CFCC: Coupling Facility Control Code
(Organizations) (Databases)
CEMF: Cisco Element Management Framework CFD: Call For Discussion
Collects fault information from various sources.Network
elements, such as routers or switches, may report fault
CFD: Computational Fluid Dynamics
conditions as SNMP traps, Syslog messages, and so on CFDJ: ColdFusion Developer's Journal
(Software) (Cisco)
CFDP: Coherent File Distribution Protocol
CEMM: Consumer Electronics Manufacturers (Network)
Association
(Operating systems) (Compaq) CFF: Compact Font Format
(Adobe)
CEMS: Constituent Electronic Mail System
CFG: ConFiGuration
CENELEC: Comité Européen de Normalisation
File name extension
ELECtrotechnique
CFM: Code Fragment Manager
CENTR: Council of European National Top
(Apple)
level domain Registries
(Organizations) CFM: ConFiguration Management

CEO: Chief Executive Officer CFM: Cubic Feet Per Minute

CEOP: Conditional End Of Page CFML: ColdFusion Markup Language


(Allaire)
CEPT: Conference of European Postal and
Telecommunications CFMN: Client For Microsoft Networks
(Organizations) 32-bit, protected-mode network client for Windows 9x that
provides the redirector and other software components for
CER: Canonical Encoding Rules Microsoft networking (Network) (Microsoft)
CER: Cell Error Ratio CFO: Chief Financial Officer
In an ATM network, ratio of errored cells to transmitted
cells. Measures the accuracy of cell transmission CFO: Compaq Factory Outlet
(Network) (Compaq)

CER: Corporate Error Reporting CFP: Call For Papers


Tool that allows IT Administrators to manage error reports CFQ: Class-based Fair Queuing
and error messages created by the Windows Error
(Network)
Reporting client (WER) in Windows XP and Windows Server
2003 and error-reporting clients included in other CFR: Computerized Facial Recognition
Microsoft programs (Software) (Microsoft)
CFRM: Coupling Facility Resource
CERFNET: California Educational and Management
Research Federation NETwork (Databases)
CERN: Centre Européen pour la Recherche CFS: Caching File System
Nucléaire
CFS: Common File System
CERT: Computer Emergency Response Team
CFV: Call For Votes
(Organizations)
CG: Computer Generated
CERT/CC: Computer Emergency Response
Team Coordination Center CG: Computer Graphics
(Organizations) CG: Control Gate
CES: Circuit Emulation Service

Page 24 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


CGA CIP

CGA: Color Graphics Adapter CIA: Current Instruction Address


Video specification for a resolution of 320x200 pixels in
CIAC: Computer Incident Advisory Capability
16 colors (Hardware)
(Organizations)
CGE: Common Graphics Environment
CIB: Computer Integrated Business
CGI: Common Gateway Interface
CIC: Carrier Identification Code
A common method for transferring information between a
web server and a back-end application (Network) CIC: Cisco Info Center C
A service-level monitoring and diagnostics tool that
CGI: Computer Generated Images
provides network fault and performance monitoring, trouble
CGI: Computer Graphics Interface isolation, and real-time service-level management for large
networks (Software) (Cisco)
CGM: Computer Graphics Metafile
File name extension CIC: Coordination and Information Center
CGMP: Cisco Group Multicast Protocol CICA: Center of Innovative Computer
A form of Internet Group Multicast Protocol (IGMP) Applications
snooping that lets the switch send multicasts only to the CICS: Customer Information Control System
ports on a VLAN that are participating in the multicast
(IBM)
(Network) (Cisco)
CICS/VS: Customer Information Control
CGMS: Copy Generation Management System
System / Virtual Storage
CGS: Continuous-Grain Silicon
CID: Charge-Injection Device
(Hardware)
CID: Configuration, Installation, Distribution
CHAP: Challenge Handshake Authentication
Protocol CIDL: Component Implementation Definition
A security tool offered in point-to-point protocol (PPP) Language
based on encrypted password exchange. (Network) The semantics of the CORBA Components Model (CCM)

CHAR: Character CIDMID: Content-ID and Message-ID


(Network)
CHAT: Conversational Hypertext Access
Technology CIDR: Classless Inter-Domain Routing
CHCK: CHannel ChecK Solution that allows more scalability in the Internet under
the current IP version 4 addressing scheme. It provides an
CHCP: CHange Code Page interim solution until IP version 6 is put into place
(Network)
CHDIR: CHange DIRectory
CHFI: Computer Hacking Forensic CIE: Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage
Investigator A standard means for specifying the color of an object or
light source in terms of (x,y) coordinates.
Certification in IT security issued by The International
Council of Electronic Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) CIF: Common Interchange Format
(Security)
CIF: Common source Intermediate Format
CHFN: CHange FiNger A video format in which frames are 360 pixels wide and
288 pixels high (one half of the CCIR 601 frame size).
CHGRP: CHange GRouP
Each pixel has its own luminance value.
CHILL: Ccitt HIgh Level Language
CIF: Component Implementation Framework
CHIPS: Clearinghouse Interbank Payments Defines the programming model for constructing
System component implementations
CHKDSK: CHecK DiSK CIF: Crystallographic Information File
CHM: Compressed HtMl File name extension
Microsoft's format for help files (Software) (Microsoft) CIF: Customer Information File
CHMOD: CHange MODe CIFF: Camera Image FIle Format
CHOWN: CHange OWNer CIFS: Common Internet File System
CHP: CHaPter (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

CHR: CHaRacter CIL: Common Intermediate Language

CHRP: Common Hardware Reference Platform CIL: Computer Integration Laboratories

CHS: Cylinder, Head, Sector CIM: Common Information Model

CHTML: Compressed HyperText Markup CIM: Compuserve Information Manager


Language CIM: Computer Integrated Manufacturing
CI: Coded Information CIM: Cox Interactive Media
CI: Competitive Intelligence CIM: Customer Information Management
CI: Component Interface CIO: Chief Information Officer
CI: Congestion Indication CIOCS: Communication Input/Output Control
CI: Content Inspection System
CI/O: Comprehensive Input/ Output CIP: Command Interface Port
Refers to Adaptec's RAID management software. CIP: Commerce Interchange Pipeline
(Hardware) (Adaptec) (Microsoft)

www.acronyms.ch Page 25 of 174


CIP CLI

CIP: Common Indexing Protocol C-JDBC: Clustered Java DataBase Connectivity


Open source (LGPL) database cluster middleware that
CIP: Computer Integrated Processing
allows any Java application (standalone application,
CIPM: Commerce Interchange Pipeline servlet or EJB container, ...) to transparently access a
Manager cluster of databases through JDBC. See also http://c-
(Software) (Microsoft) jdbc.objectweb.org/ (Databases)

CIPS: Canadian Information Processing CJK: Chinese, Japanese and Korean


C Society (Software)
Accredits academic programs in technology, certifies CJLI: Command Job Language Interpreter
practitioners, and has a code of conduct for professional
behavior. See also http://www.cips.ca/ (Organizations) CKD: Count Key Data
CIPSO: Commercial Internet Protocol CKE: Commercial Key Escrow
Security Option (Software)
(Security) CKM: Customer Knowledge Management
CIR: Committed Information Rate CKO: Chief Knowledge Officer
A minimum access rate the service provider commits to
providing the customer (Communication)
CL: Cas Latency
Number of clock cycles it takes before data starts to flow
CIR: Consumer InfraRed once a command is received. Low CAS latency is faster
(Hardware) than high CAS latency (Hardware)
CIRC: Cross-Interleaved Reed-solomon Code CL: Common Lisp
CIS: Card Information Structure Programming language (Software)

CIS: Client Information System CL: ConnectionLess


(Communication)
CIS: Com+ Internet Service
(Software) (Microsoft) CLAR: Channel Local Address Register
CIS: Component Interaction Service CLASS: Centralized Local Area Selective
(Databases) Signaling

CIS: Compressed Image Sequence CLASS: CLient Access to Systems and


The XIL library's compressors store (generally related) Services
compressed video frames in structures called CIS buffers. CLASS: Cooperative Library Agency for
The images may represent frames in a movie, pages in a Systems and Services
document, and so on.
CLASS: Custom Local Area Signaling Services
CIS: Compuserve Information Service
(CompuServe)
CLC: Certified Local Carrier
(Communication)
CIS: Computer Information Systems
CLC: CLear Carry flag
CIS: Contact Image Sensor
Scanner device (Hardware) CLC: Color Laser Copier
(Hardware) (Canon)
CIS: Customer Information System
CLC: Command Line Console
CIS: Customer Interaction Software
CLCC: Ceramic Leadless Chip Carrier
CISA: Certified Information System Auditor (Hardware)
CISC: Complex Instruction Set Computer C-LCD: Cholesteric Liquid Cristal Display
CPU architecture (Hardware)
(Hardware)
CISSP: Certified Information Systems CLD: Clear Direction Flag
Security Professional
CLDC: Connected Limited Device
CIT: Computer-Integrated Telephony Configuration
CIT: Court of International Trade Is the foundation of the Java runtime environment that
(Organizations) targets small, resource-constrained devices, such as
mobile phones, mainstream personal digital assistants,
CITO: Communications and Information and small retail payment terminals (Sun)
Technology Ontario
(Organizations)
CLDR: Common Locale Data Repository
http://www.unicode.org/cldr/index.html
CIVIC: Cyclone Integrated Video Interfaces
Controller CLEC: Competitive Local Exchange Carrier
A telephone company that competes with other local phone
CIVR: Computer and Interactive Voice companies within an exchange, or calling area, to provide
Response local telephone service (Communication)
CIW: Certified Internet Webmaster CLEI: Common Language Equipment
CIW: Client Installation Wizard Identification
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) CLF: Common Log File
CIX: Commercial Internet eXchange (Network)

CIX: Compulink Information eXchange CLGA: Ceramic Land Grid Array


(Hardware)
CLI: Call Level Interface

Page 26 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


CLI CML

CLI: Calling Line Identification CLS: Common Language Specification


(Communication) (Software)

CLI: Clear Interrupt Flag CLSID: CLaSs IDentifier


(Software)
CLI: Client Library Interface
CLI: Command Line Interface CLT: Cairo Local Time
Timezone: GMT +2:00
CLI: Command Line Interpreter C
CLTP: ConnectionLess Transport Protocol
CLI: Common Language Interface Provides for end-to-end Transport data addressing (via
CLIB: C LIBrary Transport selector) and error control (via checksum), but
cannot guarantee delivery or provide flow control.
CLID: Calling Line IDentification
(Communication) CLTS: Clear Task Switch Flag

CLIE: Communication, Link, Information and CLTV: Constant Linear Time Velocity
Entertainment CLUI: Command Line User Interface
(Hardware) (Sony)
CLUT: Color LookUp Table
CLIM: Common Lisp Interface Manager The color options in a graphics system, arranged by index
number. Typically, the system has a default color map. The
CLIPS: C Language Integrated Production
index of colors in the color map can be reallocated,
System
however, depending on the application.
Productive development and delivery expert system tool
which provides a complete environment for the CLV: Constant Linear Velocity
construction of rule and/or object based expert systems (Hardware)
(Software)
CM: Communication Manager
CLIST: Command LIST (Communication)
CLK: CLocK CM: Configuration Managment
(Hardware) (Software)
CLL: ConnectionLess Layer CM: Content Management
CLLI: Common Language Location CM: Control Mark
Identification
CM: Corrective Maintenance
(Communication)
CM2: Communication Manager/2
CLNAP: ConnectionLess Network Access
Protocol CMA: Concert Multi-thread Architecture
CLNP: ConnectionLess Network Protocol CMAK: Connection Manager Administration Kit
The International Organization for Standardization's open (Microsoft)
systems interconnection (OSI) protocol for providing the
CMB: Comment Me Back
OSI Connectionless Network Service (datagram service).
(Net lingo)
CLNP is the OSI equivalent to Internet IP, and is
sometimes called ISO IP. CMC: Calypso Message Center
CLNS: ConnectionLess Network Service CMC: Common Mail Calls
CLO: Chief Learning Officer CMC: Common Messaging Call
CLOB: Character Large OBject CMC: Communication Management
(Databases) Configuration
CLOS: Common Lisp Object System CMC: Complement Carry Flag
(Software)
CMC: Computer-Mediated Communication
CLP: Cell Loss Priority
CMD: Circuit Mode Data
In ATM cells, a bit that specifies whether a cell can be
discarded, if necessary; for example, if network congestion CMD: CoMmanD
or policing occurs (Communication) File name extension
CLP: CLiPboard CMF: Creative Music Format
File name extension
CMGM: Cisco Media Gateway Manager
CLP: Command Line Processor (Software) (Cisco)
CLP: Constraint Logic Programming CMI: Control and Management Interface
CLR: Cell Loss Ratio (Communication)
In an ATM network, the ratio of lost ATM Cells to CMIP: Common Management Information
transmitted cells; measures the percentage of cells lost Protocol
between two points in the network. Cell loss is typically The International Organization for Standardization's open
caused by severe network congestion; it can also result systems interconnection (OSI) network management
from bit errors in the cell header (Network) protocol. (Communication)
CLR: Common Language Runtime CMIS: Common Management Information
(Software) (Microsoft) System
CLR: Compensating Log Record CMISE: Common Management Information
CLS: CLear Screen Service Element
CLS: Closed Loop Solution CML: Chemical Markup Language
CML: Computer Managed Learning

www.acronyms.ch Page 27 of 174


CML CNVT

CML: Conceptual Modelling Language CMVC: Configuration Management Version


Control
CML: Current Mode Logic
(IBM)
CMM: Capability Maturity Model
CMW: Compartmented Mode Workstation
Strategy for improving the software process, irrespective of
the actual life-cycle model used (Software) CMY: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow
CMM: Conceptual Modeling Language The CMY color model subtracts percentages of cyan,
C magenta, and yellow to yield the desired colors.
CMMF: Certificate Management Message Subtracting 0 percent of all three colors results in white;
Format subtracting 100 percent of all three colors results in black.
A PKIX format used to convey certificate requests and (Hardware)
revocation requests from end entities to certificate
CMYK: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, blacK
authorities and to send a variety of information from
Color encoding scheme. The black provides deeper colors,
certificate authorities to end entities
expecially full black, compared with the CMY color model.
CMMS: Computerized Maintenance
CN: Common Name
Management Software
The name used for objects in a directory.
CMOL: CMip Over Llc
CNA: Certified Novell Administrator
CMOS: Coats-Mellon Operational Specification (Novell)
CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide CNA: Communications Network Application
Semiconductor
Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware)
CNAPS: Co-processing Node Architecture for
Parallel Systems
CMOS: Configuration Memory Operating
System CNB: Connected Network Backup
On-line storage service
CMOT: CMip Over Tcp
CNC: Computerized Numerical Control
An effort to use the International Organization for
Standardization's open systems interconnection (OSI) CND: Caller Number Delivery
network management protocol to manage TCP/IP
networks. (Network)
CNE: Certified Novell Engineer
(Novell)
CMOV: Conditional MOVe
CNF: CoNFiguration
CMP: Cellular MultiProcessing File name extension
Computer architecture (Hardware)
CNG: CalliNG
CMP: Certificate Management Protocol
CNI: Certified Novell Instructor
CMP: Chip MultiProcessor (Novell)
(Hardware)
CNI: Common Network Interface
CMP: CoMPare
CNIDIR: Coalition for Networked Information
CMP: Container-Managed Persistence DIRectories
(Software)
CNIDR: Clearinghouse for Network
CMP: Cooperative Marketing Partner Information and Discovery and Retrieval
CMPS: CoMPare word String CNM: Communications Network Management
CMR: Cell Mis-insertion Rate CNM: Customer Network Management
In an ATM network, the total number of misinserted cells
observed during a specified time interval divided by the CNMA: Communications Network for
time interval duration (Network) Manufacturing Applications
CMR: Common Mode Rejection CNMS: Compaq Netelligent Management
Software
CMRR: Common Mode Rejection Ratio (Compaq)
CMS: Call Management Server CNMS: Cylink Network Management System
CMS: Code Management System
CNN: Composite Network Node
CMS: Color Matching System CNR: Carrier to Noise Ratio
CMS: Compiler Monitor System
CNR: Communication and Networking Riser
CMS: Content Management System (Hardware)
(Software)
CNR: Communication Network Riser
CMS: Conversational Monitor System (Hardware)
CMS: Cryptographic Message Syntax CNS: Complimentary Network Service
CMT: Connection ManagemenT CNSS: Core Nodal Switching Subsystem
CMTL: Computer Memory Test Labs CNT: CoNTents
(Organizations) File name extension
CMTS: Cable Modem Termination System CNTFET: Carbon NanoTube Field-Effect
(Network) Transistor
CMU: Carnegie Mellon University (Hardware)
(Organizations) CNV: CoNVentional
CNVT: CoNVerT

Page 28 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


CNX COREN

CNX: Certified Network eXpert COG: Component Obsolescence Group


Advisory group connected with the maintence of older
CO: Central Office
elctronic hardware including computer systems for
CO: Command Output specialist functions. See also http://www.cog.org.uk/
(Organizations)
CO: Connection Oriented
(Communication) COGO: COordinate GeOmetry
CO: Convert Out
Programming Language C
COL: COLlision
CoA: Care Of Address
Temporary IP Address used by a mobile user when COL: Computer Oriented Language
roaming onto a foreign IP network. It is used within mobile
COLD: Computer Output to Laser Disc
IP and can either be leased from the HA (Home Agent) or
FA (Foreign Agent) (Network) COLT: Connection Optimized Link Technology
COAST: Cache On A STick (Communication)
(Hardware) COLUG: Central Ohio Linux Users Group
COAST: Computer Operations, Audit, and See www.colug.net (Organizations)
Security Technology COM: COMmand
Laboratory in computer security research in the Computer File name extension
Sciences Department at Purdue University
COM: COMmunication port
COB: Chip-On-Board Serial port (Communication)
COB: Connected Online Backup COM: Component Object Model
(Software)
COM: Computer Output Microfilm
COBOL: COmmon Business-Oriented Language
COMDEX: COMputer Dealers EXposition
Programming language (Software)
COMET: COrnell Macintosh Terminal Emulator
COCOMO: COnstructive COst MOdel
(Software)
A technique for estimating the effort and duration of a
software project based on its estimated size created by COMP: Compare
Barry Boehm (Software)
COMPAQ: COMPatibilty And Quality
COCOT: Customer Owned Coin Operated Used to refer to the fact that their computers were both
Telephone IBM PC compatible and very reliable
COD: Cash On Delivery COMSAT: COMmunications SATellite
CODASYL: Conference On DAta SYstem corporation
Languages COMTI: Component Object Model Transaction
(Organizations) Integrator
(Microsoft)
CODCF: Central Office Data Connecting
Facility CON: Console
CODE: Campaign for an Open Digital Usually include keyboard and screen
Environment CONCERT: COmmunications for North Carolina
International coalition of civil liberties groups and Education, Research and Technology
consumer rights initiatives to protect the public's rights,
innovation, and competition against the proposed European CONS: Connection-Oriented Network Service
Union Directive on the Enforcement of Intellectual Property CONTAC: Central Office NeTwork ACcess
CODE: Client/server Open Development COO: Chief Operating Officer
Environment
COO: Cost Of Ownership
CODEC: COder/DECoder
COOL: Cobol Object Orientated Language
CoE: Center Of Excellence
COP: Character-Oriented Protocol
Group of subject matter experts (Organizations)
COPA: Children Online Protection Act
COE: Central Office Equipment
COPICS: Communications Oriented
COE: Common Operating Environment
Production Information and Control System
COE: Consistent Office Environment (IBM)
COEES: Central Office Equipment Engineering COPP: Certified Output Protection Protocol
System
COPPA: Child Online Privacy Protection Act
COEM: Commercial Original Equipment
COPS: Common Open Policy Service
Manufacturer
An IETF proposed standard defining a simple protocol for
COFA: Change Of Frame Alignment provisioning QoS by outsourcing policy-based admission
(Communication) control over requests for network resources (Network)

COFDM: Coded Orthogonal Frequency COR: Common Object Runtime


Division Multiplexing (Operating systems)
(Communication) CORBA: Common Object Request Broker
COFF: Common Object File Format Architecture
COG: Chip On Glass COREN: COrporation for Research and
(Hardware) Enterprise Network

www.acronyms.ch Page 29 of 174


COS CPS

COS: Camera Operating System CPD: Conseal Provate Desktop


(Operating systems) Personal firewall (Network)

COS: Card Operating System CPE: Central Processing Element


(Operating systems)
CPE: Conseal Private Desktop
CoS: Class Of Service (Hardware)
A category based on type of user, type of application, or
C CPE: Cover Page Editor
some other criteria that QoS systems can use to provide
File name extension
differentiated classes of service (Network)
CPE: Customer Premises Equipment
COS: Common Object Service
COS: Compatible Operating System CPEX: Customer Profile EXchange
CPFR: Collaborative Planning, Forecasting
COS: Corporation for Open Systems
and Replenishment
A vendor and user group for conformance testing,
(Software)
certification, and promotion of International Organization
for Standardization's open systems interconnection (OSI) CPG: Clock Pulse Generator
products.
CPH: Cost Per Hour
COSE: Combined Office Standard Environment
cpi: Characters Per Inch
COSE: Common Open Software Environment
CPI: Clock Per Instruction
COSIC: COmputer Security and Industrial
Cryptography CPI: Code Page Information
File name extension (Microsoft)
(Organizations)
COSINE: Cooperation for Open Systems CPI: Common Part Indicator
Interconnection Networking in Europe CPI: Common Programming Interface
A program sponsored by the European Commission, aimed (IBM)
at using open systems interconnection (OSI) to tie
together European research networks.
CPI: Communication Programming Interface
(Communication)
COSMIC: COmputer Software Management
and Information Center CPI: Computer Private branch exchange
(NASA)
Interface

COSMOS: COmputer System for Mainframe CPIC: Common Programming Interface for
OperationS Communications
(IBM)
COSS: Common Object Services Specification
CPI-C: Common Programming Interface for
COT: Central Office Terminal Communications
COTS: Commercial Off-The-Shelf (IBM)
Software or hardware products that are ready-made and CPIO: CoPy In/Out
available for sale to the general public. They are often used
as alternatives to in-house developments (Software) CPL: Combined Programming Language

COTS: Connection-Oriented Transport Service CPL: Common Public License


COW: Cluster Of Workstations CPL: Compressed Printer Language
(Hardware) (Hardware)

COW: Computer On Wheels CPL: Control PaneL


Control panel extension (Microsoft)
CP: Connection Processor
(Hardware) CPL: Conversational Programming Language
CP: Control Panel CPL: Current Privilege Level
CP: Control Point CPLD: Complex Programmable Logic Device
CP: Copy Protected CPM: Cost Per Minute
CP: Customer Premises CPM: Critical Path Method
(Communication) CPML: Call Policy Markup Language
CP/M: Control Program for Microprocessors (Network)
(Operating systems) CPN: Compuserve Packet Network
CPA: Certified Public Accountant CPO: Chief Privacy Officer
CPA: Cost Per Action CPP: C Plus Plus (C++)
CPA: Crown Print Auditor Object-oriented programming language based on C. Also,
(Hardware) (QMS) filename extension. (Software)

CPAN: Comprehensive Perl Archive Network CPP: Corporate Preview Program


(Microsoft)
CPC: Constant Point Calculation
CPRM: Content Protection for Recordable
CPC: Cost Per Click Media
CPCS: Check Processing Control System CPS: Certification Practice Statement
(IBM) (Verisign)
CPCS: Common Part Convergence Sublayer

Page 30 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


cps CS1

cps: Characters Per Second CRFVP: Connection Related Function Virtual


Printing engine speed Path
CPS: Cycles Per Second CRI: Color Reproduction Indices
CPSI: Configurable PostScript Interpreter CRI: Cray Research, Inc.
CPSR: Computer Professionals for Social CRIMM: Continuity Rambus Inline Memory
Responsibility Module C
A type of system RAM (Hardware)
CPT: Command Pass Through
CPTWG: Copyright Protection Technical C-RIMM: Continuity - Rambus Inline Memory
Working Group Module
(Hardware)
(Organizations)
CPU: Central Processing Unit CRIN: Centre de Recherche en Informatique
de Nancy
The part of the computer in which calculations and
manipulations take place. (Hardware) CRISC: Complex-Reduced Instruction Set
CPW: Commercial Processing Workload Computer
(IBM) CRISP: Complex-Reduced Instruction Set
Processor
CQA: Certified Quality Analyst
CRL: Certificate Revocation List
CR: Candidate Recommendation
(Security)
CR: Card Reader
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
(Hardware)
CRME: Certified Remote Management
CR: Carriage Return
Engineer
Usually used as a control code or a terminator
CRMF: Certificate Request Message Format
CR: Command Register
A PKIX format used for messages related to life-cycle
(Hardware)
management of X.509 certificates. This format is a subset
CR: Content Redirection of CMMF

CR/LF: Carriage Return/Line Feed CROM: Control Read-Only Memory


(Hardware)
CRAM: Card Random Access Memory
(Hardware) CRP: Common Reference Platform
CRAM: Challenge-Response Authentication CRS: Can't Remember Stuff
Mechanism (Net lingo)
(Operating systems) CRS: Cell Relay Service
CRAM: Computerized Reliability Analysis CRS: Computerized Reservation System
Method
(Software) CRS: Content Replication Service
(Microsoft)
CRAM: Cyberspatial Reality Advancement
Movement CRT: Cathode Ray Tube
The CRT operates by firing an electron beam that strikes
CRAS: Cable Repair Administrative System the inside of the monitor's display surface, which is coated
CRAYON: CReAte Your Own Newspaper with phosphor. The phosphor glows briefly when excited by
the beam. (Hardware)
CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check
An error check in which the check key is generated by a CRTC: Canadian Radio-television and
cyclic algorithm. (Communication) Telecomunications Commission
(Organizations)
CRCG: Center for Research in Computer
Graphics CRTC: Cathode Ray Tube Controller
(Hardware)
CRD: CaRDfile
File name extension CRU: Customer Replaceable Unit
(Hardware)
CRDL: Character Repertoire Description
Language CRUD: Create, Retrieve, Update, Delete
Describes a collection of characters defined in ISO/IEC CS: Cable Select
10646 or Unicode or default grapheme clusters defined in
Allows drives to determaine whether they are master or
UAX#29
slave according to their position along the bus (Hardware)
CREN: Computer Research Education Network CS: Chip Select
CREN: Corporation for Research and (Hardware)
Education Networking
CS: Code Segment
CRF: Cable Retransmission Facility CPU register (Hardware) (Intel)
CRF: Commit-Reconcile and Fences CS: Computer Science
Mechanism-oriented memory model (Software)
CS: Counter-Strike
CRF: Cross Reference File See http://www.counter-strike.net/ (Games)
CRFVC: Connection Related Function Virtual CS/SS: Card Service/Socket Service
Channel
CS1: Capability Set 1

www.acronyms.ch Page 31 of 174


CSA CSS

CSA: Calendaring and Scheduling Api CSMA/CA: Carrier Sense Multiple


(IBM) Access/Collision Avoidance
(Communication)
CSA: Communications Streaming Architecture
Directly connects the Memory Controller Hub to the CSMA/CD: Carrier Sense Multiple
network controller. With CSA-based motherboards, network Access/Collision Detect
data can be transferred at a much higher rate with lower The access method used by local area networking
C latency (Hardware) (Intel) technologies such as Ethernet. (Network)
CSAPI: Common Speller Application Program CSMS: Customer Support Management System
Interface
CSN: Card-Select Number
CSAR: Channel System Address Register
CSN: Compaq Service Network
CSC: Computer Sciences Corporation (Compaq)
Company Name
CSNET: Computer Science NETwork
CSCC: Concurrent SuperComputing Computer+Science Network. A large computer network,
Consortium mostly in the U.S. but with international connections.
CSCW: Computer Supported Cooperative Work CSNET sites include universities, research labs, and some
commercial companies. Now merged with BITNET to form
CSD: Circuit-Switched Data CREN.
CSD: Computer Services Department CSNW: Client Services for NetWare
CSD: Corrective Service Diskette (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
(IBM) CSO: Central Services Organization
CSDC: Circuit Switched Digital Capability CSO: Cold Start Only
CSDS: Circuit Switched Data Service In ISDN is a capability of a Network Terminator 1 (NT1)
(Network)
CSE: Certified System Engineer
CSP: Certified Systems Professional
CSER: Consortium for Software Engineering
Research CSP: Chip-Scale Packaging
(Organizations) CSP: Commercial Service Provider
C-SET: Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Display CSP: Commercial Subroutine Package
CSFI: Communication Subsystem For CSP: Communicating Sequential Processes
Interconnection CSP: Component Service Provider
CSG: Constructive Solid Geometry CSP: Compucom Speed Protocol
CSG: Consulting Services Group
CSP: Converged Service Provider
(Lotus)
CSP: Cross System Product
CSH: C SHell (IBM)
Unix shell
CSP: Cryptographic Service Provider
CSH: Complementary Software House
CSP: Crystal Server Pages
CSI: Command Sequence Introducer A page that contains HTML/VB/JavaScript that is
CSI: CompuServe Incorporated processed by the Web Component Server in the Crystal
Enterprise eBusiness Framework (Software)
CSI: Computer Security Institute
(Organizations) CSPDK: Cryptographic Service Provider
Developer's Kit
CSID: Calling Subscriber IDentification (Software) (Microsoft)
CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and CSPDN: Circuit Switched Public Data Network
Industrial Research Organization
CSPDU: Convergence Sublayer Protocol Data
CSIRT: Computer Security Incident Response Unit
Team
(Security) CSPM: Cisco Secure Policy Manager
(Cisco)
CSIv2: Common Secure Interoperability
Version 2 CSR: Certificate Signing Request
Addresses the requirements of CORBA security for CSRAM: Custom Static Random Access
interoperable authentication, delegation, and privileges Memory
CSL: Computer Sensitive Language (Hardware)

CSLIP: Compressed Serial Line Interface CSRG: Computer Systems Research Group
Protocol (Organizations)
CSM: Cluster Systems Management CSS: Cascading Style Sheets
(Operating systems) (IBM) CSS: Central Structure Store
CSM: Code Set Map The CSS is an editable hierarchy of structures composed
of elements, attributes, and transformations. CSS elements
CSM: Communications Services Manager are drawing primitives such as lines and polygons and CSS
CSM: Control Strip Module attributes are qualities such as color and style.

CSMA: Carrier Sense Multiple Access CSS: Computer Sub System


(Communication) CSS: Computer Systems Specialist

Page 32 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


CSS CTT

CSS: Contact Start-Stop CTD: Cell Transfer Delay


In an ATM network, measures the peak and mean delay
CSS: Content Scrambling System
that cells experience while traveling from one point in the
Copy protection scheme used for example with DVDs network to another (Network)
(Digital Video Discs)
CTE: Charge Transfer Efficiency
CSS: Content Services Switch
(Hardware)
(Hardware) (Cisco)
CSS: Continuous System Simulator
CTE: Customer Termination Equipment C
(Network)
CSS: Cross-Site Scripting
CTEC: Certified Training and Education Centre
(Software)
CTERM: Command TERMinal
CSS: Customizable Starter Site
(Microsoft) CTF: Capture, Transform, and Flow
Data warehousing (Databases)
CSS: Cybermedia Support Server
CTFT: Color Thin Film Transistor
CSS2: Cascading Style Sheet 2
LCD manufacturing technology (Hardware)
CSSM: Client-Server Systems Management
CTG: Cics Transaction Gateway
(IBM)
CICS programs provide Web Services via the CTG (IBM)
CST: Central Standard Time
CTI: Computer Telephony Integration
Timezone: GMT -6:00
(Microsoft)
CST: Consolidated Service Test
CTL: Certificate Trust List
Enhances the way IBM tests and recommends
maintenance packages for z/OS and OS/390 software, CTL: Complex Text Layout
including the major subsystems (IBM)
CTM: Component Transaction Monitor
CSTA: Computer-Supported Telephony (Software)
Applications
CTN: Can't Talk Now
CSTB: Computer Science and (Net lingo)
Telecommunications Board
CTO: Chief Technical Officer
(Organizations)
CTOS: Cassette Tape Operating System
CSTE: Certified Software Test Engineer
(Software) CTOS: Computerized Tomography Operating
System
CSTN: Color SuperTwist Nematic
LCD display technology (Hardware) CTOS: Convergent Technologies Operating
System
CSTS: Computer Supported
Telecommunications Standard CTP: Capable To Promise
CSU: Channel Service Unit CTP: Community Technology Preview
CSUNET: California State University NETwork CTP: Convergence Technologies Professional
Vendor-neutral certification for IT professionals who have
CSV: Circuit-Switched Voice the core knowledge and skills required by equipment
CSV: Comma-Separated Value manufacturers, their channel partners, and end-users to
sell and service convergence technologies
CSV: Common Services Verbs
(Microsoft) CTPA: Coax-to-Twisted-Pair Adapter
CSV: Computer System Validation CTR: Common Technical Regulations
Process used mainly at pharmaceutical companies to CTRCO: Calculating, Tabulating, Recording
ensure that systems are reliable and predictable COmpany
CSW: Channel Status Word The name of this company was changed to "International
(Hardware) (IBM) Business Machines" by Thomas J. Watson, Sr.

CT: Computer Telephony CTRL: ConTRoL


(Hardware) CTS: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
CTAN: Comprehensive Tex Archive Network CTS: Clear To Send
CTB: Cipher Type Byte RS-232 signal (Communication)

CTB: Communication ToolBox CTS: Common Type System

CTBS: Computer Telephony Business Solution CTS: Compatibility Test Suite


(Hardware) (IBM) (Software)

CTC: Care To Chat CTS: Component Transaction Server


(Net lingo) CTS: Computer Telephony Solution
CTC: Certified Testing Center CTS: Customer Telephone System
CTC: Channel To Channel CTSS: Compatible Time Sharing System
CTC: Counter/Timer Chip CTSS: Cray Time Sharing System
(Hardware)
CTT: Care To Text
CTCA: Channel To Channel Adapter (Net lingo)
CTCP: Client-To-Client Protocol CTT: Cartridge Tape Transport

www.acronyms.ch Page 33 of 174


CTTC D/R

CTTC: Cartridge Tape Transport Controller CVS: Concurrent Version System


Tool for keeping programs sources under control (Software)
CTW: Catch The Werb
Web organizer (Software) CVT: ConVerT
CTY: Catch The Web CVW: CodeView for Windows
CU: Control Unit CW: Control Word
C (Hardware)
CWA: Competitive Web Analysis
CUA: Calendar User Agent CWD: Change Working Directory
(Software)
D CWD: Convert Word to Double word
CUA: Common Used Acronym
CWDM: Coarse Wavelength-Division
CUA: Common User Access Multiplexing
CUA: Common User Application (Communication)

CUB: CUrsor Backward CWIS: Campus Wide Information System


CUD: CUrsor Down CWIS: Community Wide Information System
CUE: Custom Updates and Extras CWM: Common Warehouse Metamodel
Standard interfaces that can be used to enable easy
CUF: CUrsor Forward
interchange of warehouse and business intelligence
CUG: Closed User Group metadata between warehouse tools, warehouse platforms
(Network) and warehouse metadata repositories in distributed
heterogeneous environments
CUI: Character-oriented User Interface
CWNA: Certified Wireless Network
CUI: Common User Interface Administrator
(IBM)
Entry-level certification is for those IT professionals who
CUL: See You Later are new to wireless networking but who want to come up to
Will get in touch later on (Net lingo) speed quickly.

CUP: CUrsor Position CWNP: Certified Wireless Network


Professional
CUPID: Completely Universal Processor I/o
Design CWO: Chief Web Officer
(AST) CWSP: Certified Wireless Security
CUPS: Common Unix Printing System Professional
Provides a portable printing layer for UNIX-based Mid-level certification is for IT professionals who
operating systems. It is developed and maintained by Easy understand how to secure a wireless LAN from hackers and
Software Products to promote a standard printing solution who know how to protect the valuable information
and is the standard printing system in MacOS X and most CXI: Common X-windows Interface
Linux distributions (Operating systems)
cXML: Commerce eXtensible Markup
CUR: CURsor Language
File name extension Standard for setting up interactive online catalogs for
CUSI: Configurable Unified Search Interface different buyers, where the pricing and product offerings are
company specific. Includes mechanisms to handle
CUSIP: Committee for Uniform Security purchase orders, change orders, status updates, and
Identification Procedures shipping notifications
CUSP: Commonly Used System Program CYA: Cover Your A**
CUT: Control Unit Terminal (Net lingo)

CUTE: Clarkston University Terminal Emulator CYA: See YA


(Net lingo)
CUTS: Cassette User Tape System
(Hardware) CYL: CYLinder

CUU: CUrsor Up CYMK: Cyan-Yellow-Magenta-Black


Color model
CV: CodeView
Microsoft's format for debug indormation, embedded in the
object file or executable (Software) (Microsoft)
D
CV: Curriculum Vitæ D&D: Drag & Drop
(Software)
CVE: Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures
(Security) D&I: Drop And Insert
Refers to the cross connecting of Time-Division
CVF: Compressed Volume File Multiplexing (TDM) circuits. It allows you to take 64Kb
CVGA: Color Video Graphics Array DS0 channels from one T1 and digitally cross connect
them to 64Kb DS0 channels on another T1
CVIA: Computer Virus Industry Association (Communication)
CVM: C Virtual Machine D&M: Design & Modeling
Is a Java 2 virtual machine designed for devices needing
the functionality of the Java 2 virtual machine feature set,
D/A: Digital/Analog
but with a smaller footprint (Sun) (Hardware)

CVP: Content Vectoring Protocol D/L: DownLoad


CVS: Computer Vision Syndrome D/R: Direct/Reverse

Page 34 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


D/S DASS

D/S: Dhrystone per Second DAM: Distributed Associative Memory


(Hardware)
D2C: Decimal To Character
(IBM) DAML: Darpa Agent Markup Language
Language, developed as an extension to XML and the
D2D: Developer To Developer
Resource Description Framework (RDF), designed to
D2T2: Dye Diffusion Thermal Transfer facilitate the concept of the Semantic Web. See also
Printing technology http://www.daml.org/

D2X: Decimal To heXadecimal DAML: Digital Added Main Line


(IBM) (Communication)
D
D3D: Direct 3D DAMPS: Digital Advanced Mobile Phone
(Microsoft) System
DA: Data Administrator DAMQAM: Dynamically Adaptive Multicarrier
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
DA: Desk Accessory
(Software) (Apple) DAN: Disk Area Network
DA: Destination Address DAO: Data Access Object
(Software) (Microsoft)
DA: Differential Analyzer
A computer that uses interconnected integrators to solve DAO: Disk-At-Once
differential equations. CD recording methodology (Hardware)

DA: Directory Agent DAP: Data Access Page


(Network) (Novell) (Databases) (Microsoft)

DAA: Data Access Arrangement DAP: Developer Assistance Program


DAA: Decimal Adjust for Addition DAP: Directory Access Protocol
(Network)
DAA: Digest Access Authentication
DAB: Digital Audio Broadcasting DAP: Dynamic Application Partitioning
(Communication) DAPIE: Developers Application Programming
Interface Extensions
DAC: Data Acquisition and Control
DAQ: Data AcQuisition
DAC: Device Access Code
(Hardware)
DAC: Digital to Analog Converter
DARI: Database Application Remote Interface
An electronic device used to convert discrete digital
numbers to continuous analog signals. In contrast with (IBM)
Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC). (Hardware) DARMS: Digital Alternate Realization of
DAC: Discretionary Access Control Musical Symbols

DAC: Dual Attachment Concentrator DARPA: Defense Advanced Research Projects


Agency
DACL: Discretionary Access Control List The U.S. government agency that funded the ARPANET.
A list used by the operating system's directory to control (Organizations)
access to its objects. A DACL consists of a list of security
identifiers (which identify users) and specific permissions DART: Digital Audio Reconstruction
for each (Operating systems) (Microsoft) Technology
DACS: Digital Access Control System DART: Dynamic Advertising Reporting and
Targeting
DAD: Desktop Application Director
(Borland) DAS: Data Acquisition System
(Hardware)
DAE: Digital Audio Extraction
DAS: Data Agent Server
daemon: Disk And Execution MONitor
(Operating systems) DAS: Decimal Adjust for Subtraction
DAF: Dynamic Authentication Filter DAS: Direct Attached Storage
Storage device that connects directly to a single server
DAFS: Direct Access File System
(Operating systems) DAS: Directory Assistance Service
DAI: Distributed Artificial Intelligence DAS: Dual-Attached Station
DAL: Data Abstraction Layer DAS: Dynamic Allocation Scheme
DAL: Data Access Language DASD: Direct Access Storage Device
DAL: Data Access Layer DASL: DAv Searching & Locating
Application of HTTP/1.1 forming a lightweight search
DAL: Disk Access Lockout
protocol to transport queries and result sets and allows
DAM: Data Acquisition and Monitoring clients to make use of server-side search facilities

DAM: Deferred Action Message DASP: Drive Active, Slave Present


(Software) (Microsoft) DASP: Dynamic Adaptive Speculative
DAM: Digital Asset Management Preprocessor
(Hardware)
DAM: Direct Access Mode
DASS: Distributed Authentication Security
DAM: Distributed Abstract Machine
Service

www.acronyms.ch Page 35 of 174


DAT DCA

DAT: DATa DBIF: DataBase InterFace


File name extension (Databases)

DAT: Digital Audio Tape DBIS: Dun & Bradstreet Information Services
(Hardware)
DBK: DocBooK
DAT: Disk Array Technology File name extension
DATEX: DATa EXchange DBLIB: DataBase LIBrary
DAV: Data AVailable (Databases) (Microsoft)

D (Hardware) DBM: DataBase Manager


(Databases)
DAV: Digital Audio-Video
DAV: Distributed Authoring and Versioning DBME: DataBase Managment Environment
Extension of the HTTP/1.1 protocol DBMS: DataBase Management Environment
DAVIC: Digital Audio/VIdeo Council A software system facilitating the creation and
maintenance of a data base and the execution of programs
(Organizations)
using the data base.
DAVID: Digital Audio Video Interactive
DBNL: Dial Backup Network Link
Decoder
(Network)
DAW: Digital Audio Workstation
DBO: DataBase Owner
A computer whose function is devoted primarily to digital
(Databases)
audio recording and production (Hardware)
DBP: DataBase Publishing
DAX: Developer Api eXtension
DB: Data Buffer DBPSK: Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying
(Communication)
DB: DataBase
dBr: DeciBel Relative
(Databases)
Audio intensity measurement unit
DB: DataBus
DBR: Dos Boot Record
Computer port (Hardware)
DBRAD: Data Base Relational Application
dB: DeciBel
Directory
Intensity measurement unit, used mainly in the sound field
DBRM: DataBase Request Module
DB: Device Bay
DBS: DataBase System
DB2: DataBase 2
(Databases)
(Databases) (IBM)
DBS: Direct Broadcast Satellite
DBA: DataBase Administrator
(Communication)
(Databases)
DBS: Duplex Bus Selector
DBA: Date Book Archive
Filename extension DBTG: DataBase Task Group
Subcommittee of CODASYL (Organizations)
dBA: DeciBel Adjusted
DBV: Digital Broadcast Video
DBAC: DataBase Administration Center
DBWR: DataBase WRiter
DBAS: DataBase Administration System
(Databases) (Oracle)
DBB: Dynamic Bass Boost
DC: Data Cartridge
DbC: Design By Contract (Hardware)
(Software)
DC: Data Collection
DBC: Device Bay Controller
DC: Data Communication
DBCC: DataBase Consistency Checks (Communication)
(Databases)
DC: Data Compression
DBCLOB: Double-Byte Character Large OBject
DC: Data Control
(Databases)
DC: Device Context
DBCP: DataBase Connection Pool
(Operating systems)
(Software)
DC: Device Control
DBCS: Delivery Bar Code Sorter
DC: Direct Current
DBCS: Double-Byte Character Set
DC: Domain Controller
DBD: DataBase Driver
(Network)
(Databases)
DCA: Defense Communications Agency
DBF: DataBase File
The government agency responsible for the defense data
File name extension
network (DDN). (Organizations)
DBF: DataBase Format
DCA: Digital Communications Associates
(Databases)
DCA: Distributed Communication Architecture
DBI: DataBase Interface
(Databases)

Page 36 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


DCA DDE

DCA: Document Content Architecture DCML: Dynamic Configuration Markup


Describes how a document is organized (tabulator, Language
headers, footers, ...) so it appears the same on different
systems
DCNA: Data Communication Network
Architecture
DCA: Dynamic Cache Architecture
DCO: Digitally Controlled Oscillator
DCAF: Distributed Console Access Facility (Hardware)
(IBM)
DCOM: Distributed Component Object Model
DCAM: Digital CAMera (Microsoft)
(Hardware)
DCP: Device Color Profile
D
DCAM: Direct Chip Attach Module (Software)
DCB: Device Control Block DCP: Device Control Protocol
DCB: Disk Coprocessor Board DCS: Data Control System
(Novell)
DCS: Desktop Color Separation
DCC: Data Country Code (Software)
DCC: Digital Command Control DCS: Digital Cellular System
DCC: Digital Compact Cassette DCS: Digital Cross-connect System
(Hardware) (Philips)
DCS: Distributed Control System
DCC: Digital Content Creation
DCT: DiCTionary
DCC: Direct Cable Connection File name extension
(Hardware)
DCT: Discrete Cosine Transform
DCC: Direct Client Connection Mathematical function used by video encoders to achieve a
DCC: Display Combination Code high compression ratio. (Software)

DCCS: DisContiguous Shared Segments DCT: Display Compression Technology

DCD: Data Carrier Detect DCU: Data Cache Unit

DCD: Database Connector Descriptor DCU: Delphi Compiled Unit


(Software) (Borland)
(Databases) (Oracle)
DCD: Document Content Description DD: Data Definition
(Databases)
DCE: Data Circuit-terminating Equipment
DD: Data Dictionary
DCE: Data Communication Equipment
A type of hardware, such as a modem, that is responsible
DD: Definition Description
for encoding a digital signal for delivery to a compatible HTML Tag
DCE connected by a data link. In contrast with Data DD: Digital Display
Terminal Equipment (DTE) (Communication)
DD: Double Density
DCE: Distributed Computing Environment
DDA: Digital Differential Analyzer
DCED: Distributed Computing Environment A differential analyzer (DA) that uses digital
Daemon representations for analog quantities.
DCF: Data Communication Facility DDA: Distributed Data Access
(IBM)
DDA: Domain-Defined Attribute
DCF: Data Compression Facility
DDAP: Digital Distribution of Advertising for
DCF: Data Count Field Publications
(IBM) User-driven organization working towards enabling the
DCF: Design rule for Camera Filesystem universal exchange of digital ads throughopen process
integration and the use of accredited standards. See
DCF: Distributed Coordination Function http://www.ddap.org (Organizations)
(Communication)
DDB: Device Dependent Bitmap
DCF: Driver Configuration File
DDB: Device Descriptor Block
(Lotus)
DDBMS: Distributed DataBase Management
DCI: Data Capture Interface
System
DCI: Display Control Interface (Databases)
DCL: Data Control Language DDC: Digital Data Channel
DCL: DeCLaration DDC: Display Data Channel
DCL: Device CLear DDCMP: Digital Data Communications
DCL: Digital Command Language Message Protocol
(DEC) (DEC)

DCL: Digital Control Logic DDCS: Distributed Data Connection Services


(IBM)
DCLU: Digital Carrier Line Unit
DDD: Direct Distance Dialing
DCLZ: Data Compression Lempel-Ziv
DDE: Direct Data Entry
DCM: Digital Carrier Module

www.acronyms.ch Page 37 of 174


DDE DENIM

DDE: Dynamic Data Exchange DDS: Digital Dataphone Service


Interprocess communication mechanism (Software) (AT&T)
(Microsoft)
DDS: Distributed Database Services
DDEML: Dynamic Data Exchange Manager
DDS: Distributed Directory Service
Library
(Microsoft) DDSA: Digital Data Service Adapter
DDF: Data Decryption Field DDT: Dynamic Debugging Tool
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) DDWG: Digital Display Working Group
D DDF: Distributed Data Facility (Organizations)

DDF: Dynamic Data Formatting DDX: Digital Data eXchange


(IBM) DE: Device End
DDI: Device Driver Interface DEA: Data Encryption Algorithm
An interface that facilitates driver portability across
different UNIX system versions on SPARC hardware. DEA: Disposable Email Address
(Operating systems) (Sun) DEB: Digital European Backbone
DDI: Digital Document Interchange (Network)

DDI: Direct Dial In DEBI: Dma Extended Bus Interface


(Hardware)
DDIM: Device Driver Initialization Model
DEC: DECrement
DDK: Driver Development Kit
(Software) DEC: DEvice Clear
DDL: Data Definition Language DEC: Digital Equipment Corporation
DDL: Document Description Language DECNET: Digital Equipment Corporation
NETworking
DDM: Distributed Data Management
Network protocol
(IBM)
DECT: Digital Enhanced Cordless
DDMA: Distributed Direct Access Memory Telecommunications
DDML: Document Definition Markup Language (Communication)
DDN: Defense Data Network DECUS: Digital Equipment Corporation Users
Comprises the MILNET and several other Department of Society
Defense networks. (Network)
DEK: Data Encryption Key
DDNS: Dynamic Domain Name System
DEL: Data Extraction Language
(Network)
DEL: DELete
DDoS: Distributed Denial Of Service
(Network) DELNI: Digital Ethernet Local Network
Interconnect
DDP: Datagram Delivery Protocol
DELQA: Digital Ethernet Lowpower Q-bus
DDP: Distributed Data Processing network Adapter
DDP: Document-Driven Programming DELSTR: DELete STRing
(Software)
(IBM)
DDR: Dance Dance Revolution DELTA: Developing European Learning
The most awesomest dance simulator around (Software)
through Technology Advance
(Sony)
DELUA: Digital Ethernet Lowpower Unibus
DDR: Dial on Demand Routing
network Adapter
(Network)
DELUG: DEutsche Linux User Group
DDR: Double Data Rate
Memory access architecture that supports data transfers DEMARC: Distributed Enterprise Managemant
on both edges of each clock cycle, which doubles the ARChitecture
memory chip's data throughput. DDR also consumes less DEMPR: Distributed Enterprise Management
power, which makes it well-suited for use with notebook ARChitecture
computers (Hardware)
DEN: Directory Enabled Networking
DDR: Dynamic Desktop Router
The DEN Initiative (see www.dtmf.org) is an effort to build
DDR: Dynamic Document Review intelligent networks and networked applications that can
(Software) (Symantec) associate users and applications to services available
from the network according to a consistent and rational set
DDR-SDRAM: Double Data Rate - Synchronous of policies (Network)
Dynamic Random Access Memory
(Hardware) DEN: Document Enabled Networking
(Novell)
DDR-SMII: Double Data Rate - Serial Media
Independent Interface DENIM: Directory Enabled Net Infrastructure
(Network) Model
(Network) (Novell)
DDS: Data Description Specification
DDS: Design Data Sheet
DDS: Digital Data Storage

Page 38 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


DEP DIB

DEP: Data Execution Prevention DFN: Dedicated Frogans Network


Operating system feature that's new in Windows 2003 SP1 See http://www.frogans.com/ (Software)
& Windows XP SP2. It serves to prevent viruses and other
malicious code from ever executing (Operating systems)
DFN: Deutsches ForschungsNetz
(Microsoft) DFP: Data Facility Product
DEPCA: Digital Ethernet Personal Computer- DFP: Digital Flat Panel
bus Adapter (Hardware)
DEQNA: Digital Ethernet Q-bus Network DFP: Distributed Functional Plane
Adapter
DFPI: Digital Flat Panel Initiative D
DER: Distinguished Encoding Rules
DFR: Double Frequency Recording
DEREP: Digital Ethernet REPeater (Hardware)
DES: Data Encryption Standard DFS: Direct File System
A commonly used algorithm developed by the U.S. National
Bureau of Standards for encrypting and decrypting data.
DFS: Distributed File System
(Operating systems)
DES: Data Entry Sheet
DFS: Domino Fax Server
DES: DEScription (Software) (Lotus)
Ffile name extension
DFS: Dynamic File System
DES: Domino Extended Search (Operating systems) (Sun)
File name extension (IBM)
DFSMS: Data Facility Storage Management
DESC: Defense Electronics Supply Center System
DESPR: Digital Ethernet Single Port Repeater (IBM)

DESTA: Digital Ethernet thin-wire STation DFT: Design For Testability


Adapter DFT: Diagnostic Function Test
DET: Device Execute Trigger DFT: Discrete Fourier Transform
DET: Directory Entry Table DFT: Distributed Function Terminal
A table on every network volume that contains directory
entries for each file on the volume. The table, stored in the DFU: Data File Utility
server's memory, enables quick access to the location of DGA: Direct Graphics Access
every file (Novell)
A method of arbitrating access to the display between XGL
DEU: Defective End User and X11/NeWS server. This allows XGL to talk directly to
Often described by IS support personnel (Net lingo) the frame buffer, which results in maximum performance.

DEUNA: Digital Ethernet Unibus Network DGC: Data General Corporation


Adapter Data General produced minicomputers and was featured in
the book "Soul of a New Machine" by Tracey Kidder
DEV: DEVice (Organizations)
DF: Data Field DGC: Distributed Garbage Collection
DF: Destination Field (Software)

DF: Device Flag DGIS: Direct Graphics Interface Standard


DF: Double Flag DGP: Dissimilar Gateway Protocol
DFC: Data Flow Control DGR: Dynamic Growth and Reconfiguration
(Artecon)
DFD: Data Flow Diagram
DGUX: Data General UniX
DFDR: Digital Flight Data Recorder
(Hardware) DH: Diffie-Hellman
SSL key exchange method
DFDSM: Data Facility Distributed Storage
Management DHCF: Distributed Host Command Facility
DFDSS: Data Facility Data Set Services DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(Software) (IBM) A system that assigns different IP addresses to devices
each time they connect to the network. DHCP can support
DfE: Designed For Environment a mix of static and dynamic IP addresses (Network)
DFE: Desktop Functional Equivalent DHL: Dynamic Head Loading
(Compaq)
DHP: Dr. Halo Picture
DFHSM: Data Facility Hierarchical Storage File name extension
Manager
(IBM) DHTML: Dynamic HyperText Markup Language

DFI: Digital Facility Interface DI: Data In

DFM: Design For Manufacturability DI: Destination Index


(IBM) Processor register (Hardware) (Intel)

DFM: Device Fault Manager DIA: Document Interchange Architecture


Provides real-time fault analysis for Cisco devices DIANE: DIrect Access Network for Europe
(Software) (Cisco)
DIB: Device Independent Bitmap
File format for raster bitmaps (Microsoft)

www.acronyms.ch Page 39 of 174


DIB DLE

DIB: Directory Information Base DISI: Directory Information Services


Infrastructure
DIB: Dual Independent Bus
(Network)
(Hardware)
DISM: Digital Interface Standards for
DIBOL: DIgital Business Oriented Language
Monitors
DIC: DICtionary (Hardware)
File name extension
DISOSS: DIStributed Office Support System
DIC: Digital Interface Controller (IBM)
D DICE: Dolby's Interactive Content Encoding DISP: DISPlacement
DICE: Dynamic Internet Configuration DISP: Domino Internet Starter Pack
Environment (IBM)
DID: Direct Inward Dialing DISP: Dutch Independent Shareware
DIDS: Distributed Intrusion Detection System Programmer
DIF: Data Interchange Format DIT: Directory Information Tree
A graphical display of an organization's directory structure,
DiffServ: DIFFerential SERVices
sites, and servers, shown as a branching structure. The
Allows providers to allocate different levels of service to top-level (root) directory usually represents the
different users of the Internet (Network) organization level
DIFMOS: Double Injection Floating gate Metal DIU: Digital Interface Unit
Oxyde Semiconductor
DIV: DIVide
DIFS: Dcf Inter-Frame Spacing
(Communication)
DIVE: Direct Interface Video Extension
(IBM)
DIG: Domain Internet Groper
(Network)
Divx: DIgital Video eXpress
(Hardware)
DII: Dynamic Invocation Interface
(Software)
DIW: D-Inside Wire
(AT&T)
DIIP: Direct Interrupt Identification Port
DIX: Dec, Intel, Xerox
DIL: Dual In Line
Pin organization in ICs (Hardware)
DIY: Do It Yourself
(Net lingo)
DILLIGAF: Do I Look Like I Give A F***?
Sometimes used by tech support people (Net lingo)
DIZ: Description In Zip
File name extension
DILLIGAF: Does It Look Like I Give A F**ck
(Net lingo)
DKI: Driver Kernel Interface
An interface between the UNIX system kernel and different
DIME: Desktop Integrated Media Environment types of drivers. DKI consists of a set of driver-defined
DIME: Direct Internet Message Encapsulation functions that are called by the kernel. These functions are
entry points into a driver. (Operating systems)
DIME: DIrect Memory Execute
(Hardware)
DL: Definition List
HTML Tag
DIME: Dual Independent Map Encoding
DL: Distribution List
DIMM: Dual In line Memory Module
(Hardware)
DL: DownLoad
DL: Dual Layer
DIN: Deutsche Industrie Norm
(Hardware)
German standards organization (Organizations)
DL/1: Data Language 1
DIO: Data Input-Output
(IBM)
DIP: Datacenter Infrastructure Provider
DL/1: Data Language/1
DIP: Dialup Internet Protocol
DLA: Drive Letter Access
DIP: Digital Imaging Processing (HP)
DIP: Dual Inline Pin DLB: Dynamic Load Balancing
Refers to the physical geometry of an integrated circuit or
other electronic package; rectangular, with pins on the two
DLC: Data Line Card
longer sides (Hardware) (Hardware)

DIPP: Dual Inline Pin Package DLC: Data Link Control


Refers to the physical geometry of an integrated circuit or DLC: Digital Loop Carrier
other electronic package; rectangular, with pins on the two (Hardware)
longer sides (Hardware)
DLCI: Data Link Connection Identifier
DIR: DIRectory
Identifies the Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC) connections
DIS: Draft International Standard from the user to the frame relay cloud. Assigned by the
service provider (Communication)
DIS: Dynamic Impedance Stabilization
DLD: Display List Driver
DISA: Data Interchange Standards
Association DLE: Data Link Escape
DISA: Direct Inward System Access

Page 40 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


DLL DMSDK

DLL: Dynamic Link Library DMC: Desktop Multimedia Conferencing


(Software) (Microsoft)
DMCA: Digital Millennium Copyright Act
DLL: Dynamic Link Loader DMD: Device Manager Driver
DLM: Distributed Lock Manager DMD: Digital Micromirror Device
DLM: Dynamic Link Module (Hardware) (TI)
DLP: Digital Light Processing DMD: Directory Management Domain
DLP: Discrete Logarithmic Problem DMDF: Distributed Management Data Facility
DLPI: Data Link Provider Interface DME: Dictionary Module Editor D
The SVR4 STREAMS-based kernel-level interface that (CAI)
supports the services of the Data Link Layer for both
DME: Direct Memory Execution
connection-mode and connectionless-mode services.
(Network) DME: Distributed Management Environment
DLR: Dos Lan Requester DMF: Digest Message Format
DLR: Dynamic Link Routine DMF: Distribution Media Format
(Software) (Microsoft)
DLS: Data Link Switching DMG: Data Management Group
(IBM) The department that manages data.
DLS: Dos Lan Services DMI: Definition of Management Information
(Network)
DMI: Desktop Management Interface
DLS: DownLoadable Sample DMI: Digital Multiplexed Interface
DLSCAP: Data Link Switching Client Access
DMIF: Delivery Multimedia Integration
Protocol
Framework
(Network)
DMK: Dynamic Management Kit
DLSW: Data Link SWitching
(Sun)
DLT: Digital Linear Tape DML: Data Manipulation Language
(Hardware)
(Databases)
DLU: Dynamic Local User
DMM: Digital MultiMeter
(Network) (Novell)
(Hardware)
dLVQ: Dynamic Learning Vector Quantizer
DMM: Direct Mail Manager
DLZ: Digital Lempel-Ziv (Software) (Microsoft)
Compression algorithm
DMMS: Dynamic Memory Management System
DM: Delta Modulation DMO: Distributed Management Object
DM: Desktop Management This OLE server exposes representations of SQL Server
database objects (tables, stored procedures, server
DM: Disconnect Mode properties, and so on), many of which are usually modified
DM: Distributed Memory through Transact-SQL (Databases) (Microsoft)

DM: Document Management DMOS: Double-diffused Metal Oxide


Semiconductor
DMA: Digital Music Aggregator
(Hardware)
DMA: Dimensional Media Associates
DMP: Dot Matrix Printer
DMA: Direct Memory Access
The transfer of data directly into memory without
DMPC: Distributed Memory Parallel Computer
supervision of the processor. The data is passed on the DMPP: Distributed Memory Parallel Processor
bus directly between the memory and another device. In
contrast with Direct Virtual Memory Access (DVMA). DMQS: Display Mode Query and Set
(Hardware) (IBM)

DMA: Document Management Alliance DMS: Data Management Software


DMAC: Direct Memory Access Controller DMS: Defense Messaging System
(Hardware) Global messaging system used for transfer of non-
classified and classified data (for example, encrypted
DMACS: Distributed Manufacturing emails) (Software)
Automation & Control Software
DMS: Desktop Management Suite
DMAPI: Dictation Macro Application (Seagate)
Programming Interface
(Software)
DMS: Digital Multiplexed System

DMB: Dhtml Menu Builder DMS: Distributed Media Services


Used to idetify a DHTML/Javascript menu building tool DMS: Document Management System
called DHTML Menu Builder. Also used in the extension of
DMSCMS: Display Management System
the application's project files (Software)
DMB: Digital Multimedia Broadcasting DMSD: Digital MultiStandard Decoding
DMSDK: Digital Media Software Development
DMB: Domain Master Browser
Kit
(Network)
(Software) (SGI)

www.acronyms.ch Page 41 of 174


DMSS DOW

DMSS: Distributed Mass Storage System DO: Data Out


DMT: Discrete MultiTone DO: Distributed Objects
DMTF: Distributed Management Task Force (Operating systems)
The DMTF is the industry organization that is leading the DOA: Dead On Arrival
development, adoption and unification of management Service to replace malfunctioning devices (Hardware)
standards and initiatives for desktop, enterprise and
Internet environments (Organizations) DOA: Dead Or Alive
(Games)
DMU: Data Manipulation Unit
D DOC: Declaration Of Conformity
DMVT: Dynamic Video Memory Technology
(Hardware) (Intel) DOC: DOCument
File name extensions
DMY: Day Month Year
DOCSIS: Data Over Cable Service Internet
DMZ: De-Militarized Zone Specification
LAN segment between two firewalls (Network)
DOCSV: Data Over Circuit-Switched Voice
DN: Distinguished Name
DOD: Department Of Defense
DN: DowN (Organizations)
DNA: Digital Network Architecture DOD: Direct Outward Dialing
(DEC)
(Communication)
DNA: Distributed interNet Application DOE: Distributed Objects Environment
(Microsoft)
DOE: Distributed Objects Everywhere
DNAfs: Distributed interNet Application for (Operating systems) (Sun)
Financial Services
(Microsoft)
DOI: Domain Of Interpretation

DNC: Direct Numerical Control DOIP: Dial Other Internet Providers


(IBM)
DNC: Dynamic Network Controller
DOIT: Disabilities, Opportunities,
DNCP: DecNet Control Protocol Internetworking and Technology
DNCRI: Division of Networking and DO-IT: Disabilities, Opportunities,
Communication Research and Infrastructure Internetworking and Technology
DnD: Do Not Disturb DOJ: Department Of Justice
Used in chat rooms (Net lingo) (Organizations)
DnD: Drag aNd Drop DOLAP: Desktop OnLine Analytical Processing
(Software)
DOM: Document Object Model
DNHR: Dynamic Non Hierarchical Routing Popular, standardized way of manipulating XML data
DNI: Decnet Network Interface DOMAIN: Distributed Operating Multi Access
DNIC: Data Network Identification Code Interactive Network
DNIS: Dialed Number Identification Service DOMF: Distributed Object Management
Facility
DNJ: Developer Network Journal
(HP)
(Microsoft)
DOOM: Decentralized Object-Oriented
DNLC: Directory Name Lookup Cache
Machine
Unix file cache (Operating systems) (Sun)
DoS: Denial Of Service
DNM: Distributed Network Management
(Network)
(Software)
DOS: Disk Operating System
DNR: Digital Noise Reduction
(Operating systems)
(Hardware)
DoSBS: Denial Of Service By Service
DNR: Domain Name Resolver
The practice of making large numbers of legal accesses to
(Network)
a computer's public interface (i.e. web site) with the
DNS: Digital Nervous System intention of slowing or crashing the system. Hence Denial
(Microsoft) of Service By Service - the serving computer cannot keep
up with the demands (Network)
DNS: Domain Name System
DOSEM: Disk Operating System EMulation
The process that translates Internet domain names (such
as www.acronyms.ch) into IP addresses (Network) DOT: Design Oriented Technology
DNSSEC: Domain Name System SECurity DOT: DOcument Template
(Security) Filename extension
DNSSEC: Domain Name System SECurity DOV: Data Over Voice
extensions (Communication)
Technique for securing the Domain Name System. It is a
DOVBS: Data Over Voice Bearer Service
set of extensions to DNS, which provide end-to-end
authenticity and integrity and was designed to protect the (Communication)
Internet from certain attacks. See also DOW: Day Of Week
http://www.dnssec.net/
DOW: Direct OverWrite

Page 42 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


DP DRDW

DP: Data Processing DPS: Digital Pixel Sensor


(Hardware)
DP: Defect Prevention
(Software) DPS: Display PostScript
DP: Detection Point DPS: Document Processing System
DPA: Demand Protocol Architecture DPSK: Differential Phase Shift Keying
(3Com) (Communication)
DPA: Document Printing Architecture DPST: Double Pole Single Throw
DPAM: Demand Priority Access Method DPT: Distributed Processing Technology D
DPAREN: Data PARity ENable (DPT)

DPB: Drive Parameter Block DPtoTP: Display Coordinates TO Tablet


Coordinates
DPBC: Delivery Point Bar Code Coordinates conversion
US Mail system to speed mail sorting, increase delivery
accuracy, and reduce postage costs DPV: Distributed Partitioned View
Joins horizontally partitioned data from a set of member
DPC: Deferred Procedure Call tables across one or more servers, making the data appear
DPC: Direct Program Control as if from one table (Databases) (Microsoft)

DPDT: Double Pole Double Throw DQDB: Distributed Queue Dual Bus

DPE: Distributed Processing Environment DQL: Data Query Language


DPI: Data Processing Information DQP: Distributed Query Processor
(Databases)
DPI: Digital Phone Interface
DQPSK: Differential Quadrature Phase Shift
DPI: Distributed Protocol Interface Keying
dpi: Dots Per Inch (Communication)
Resolution Measurement DR: Data Received
DPKG: Debian PacKaGe DR: Disaster Recovery
Binary software package for installation on Debian
Process or plan by which a business would recover it's IT
GNU/Linux. Also, the software installation program
systems in the case or a major incident (disaster)
(Operating systems)
DR.BOND: Dial-up Router Bandwidth ON
DPKT: Dynamic Public Key Technology
Demand
DPL: Descriptor Privilege Level (NEC)
DPL: Distributed Program Link DRAC: Dell Remote Assistant Card
(IBM) (Hardware) (Dell)
DPM: Defects Per Million DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory
DPM: Demand Planning Module A type of semiconductor random-access memory that
stores information in integrated circuits that contain
(Software)
capacitors. Because capacitors lose their charge over
DPM: Digital Panel Meter time, the dynamic RAM must be periodically "refreshed" or
(Hardware) recharged. (Hardware)

DPMA: Data Processing Management DRAS: Dynamic Remote Access Service


Association (Microsoft)
(Organizations)
DRAW: Direct Read After Write
DPMI: Dos Protected Mode Interface DRB: Dram Row Boundary
(Operating systems)
DRC: Design Rule Checks
DPMS: Display Power Management Signaling
(Hardware) DRD: Data Reading Device

DPMS: Dos Protected Mode Services DRD: Digital Ruggedized Display


(Hardware)
DPNPH: Data Packet Network-Packet Handler
DRDA: Distributed Relational Database
DPO: Data Phase Optimization Architecture
DPOF: Digital Print Order Format (Databases)

DPP: Distributed Parallel Processing DRDAAS: Distributed Relational Database


Architecture Application Server
DPRAM: Dual-Ported Random Access Memory
A type of random access memory that allows multiple DR-DOS: Digital Research Disk Operating
reads or writes to occur at the same time (Hardware) System
DPRG: Dallas Personal Robotics Group DRDRAM: Direct Rambus Dynamic Random
United States' oldest club involved in amateur robotics Access Memory
(Organizations) (Hardware)
DPROP: Data PROPagator DRDW: Direct Read During Write
(IBM)
DPS: Desktop Purchasing System
Buy-side electronic commerce system which supports the
procurement process of indirect goods and services

www.acronyms.ch Page 43 of 174


DRE DSE

DRE: Document Rendering Engine DS: Digital Studio


Collection of Java classes that can be used to define an (Sony)
abstract document and render it in PDF or HTML. A
document consists of a collection of elements such as
DS: Directory Service
text, lists (bulleted, numbered, plain), tables, images, (Network)
fonts, color, etc. (Software) (IBM) DS: Direct-Sequence
DREN: Defense Research and Engineering IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN access method
Network (Communication)
(Network) DS: Distribution Service
D DRF: Data Recovery Field DS: Double-Sided
In NTFS file encryption keys are stored there (Operating (Hardware)
systems) (Microsoft)
DS/PPM: Direct Sequence/Pulse Position
DRI: Declarative Referential Integrity Modulation
(Databases) (Hardware)
DRI: Defense Research Internet DS0: Digital Signaling Zero
DRI: Digital Research Incorporated (Communication)

DRK: Devnet Resource Kit DS3D: DirectSound 3D


(Software) (Macromedia) (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

DRM: Destination Release Mechanism DSA: Digital Signature Algorithm


DRM: Digital Rights Management DSA: Digital Storage Architecture
Copy-protection scheme DSA: Directory System Agent
DRM: Distributed Resource Management The software that provides the X.500 directory service for
a portion of the directory information base. Generally, each
DRMOS: Digital Rights Management Operating DSA is responsible for the directory information for a single
System organization or organizational unit.
DRMU: Digital Remote Measurement Unit DSA: Distributed Systems Architecture
DRO: Data Request Output DSA: Dynamic Scalable Architecture
DRO: Destructive Read-Out DSAP: Destination Service Access Point
DRP: Decnet Routing Protocol DSAV: Dr. Solomon's Anti Virus
DRP: Distribution and Replication Protocol (Software)
The goal of the DRP protocol is to significantly improve the DSBAM: Double-SideBand Amplitude Module
efficiency and reliability of data distribution over HTTP
DSBM: Designated Subnet Bandwidth Manager
DRS: Data Replication Service A device on a managed subnetwork that acts as the Subnet
Service to move data between members of a server cluster Bandwidth Manager for the subnetwork to which it is
(Software) attached (Network)
DRS: Document Registration System DSC: Digital Still Camera
DRS: Driver ReSource (Hardware)
File name extension DSC: Document Structuring Convention
DRV: device DRiVer DSC: Document Structuring Conventions
File name extension
DSCP: Differentiated Services Code Point
DRV: DRiVe (Network)
DRW: Drawing DSD: Data Stream Direct
File name extensions
DSD: Data Structure Diagram
DS: Data Segment
DSDD: Double Sided, Double Density
CPU register (Hardware) (Intel)
DSDL: Document Schema Definition Language
DS: Data Send
Its goal is to bring together different validation-related
DS: Data Server tasks and expressions to form a single extensible
framework that allows technologies to work in series or in
DS: Data Strobe
parallel to produce a single or a set of validation results
(Hardware)
DSDM: Drop Site Database Manager
DS: Database Server
A process (not the sending client) responsible for
(Databases)
maintaining a registry or database of potential drop sites
DS: Differentiated Service for drag and drop operations.
A IETF standard for a small, well-defined set of per-packet DSDP: Device Software Development Platform
building blocks from which a variety of services may be
Provides an extensible, standards-based platform to
built, thereby providing a framework for delivering quality of
support all phases of the device software (embedded)
service (QoS) in networks (Network)
development process, including hardware bring-up,
DS: Digital Science platform software development, and embedded application
(Hardware) (Kodak) software development (Software)

DS: Digital Services DSE: Data Storage Equipment

DS: Digital Signal

Page 44 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


DSE DSX

DSE: Directory Services Environment DSO: Dynamic Shared Object


Contains a list of Naming Contexts and Application (Software)
Partitions maintained by a Domain Controller (Operating
systems) (Microsoft)
DSOM: Distributed System Object Model
(Operating systems) (IBM)
DSEA: Display Station Emulation Adapter
DSP: Development Service Provider
DSF: Dispersion Shifted Fibre
DSP: Dictionary Server Protocol
Optical fiber type (Communication)
(Network)
DSHD: Double Sided, High Density
DSP: Digital Signal Processor D
DSI: Defense Simulation Internet A computer oriented toward math-intensive applications,
DSI: Distributed Storage Infrastructure often a single chip or small chip set. (Hardware)

DSIG: Digital SIGnature DSP: Digital Sound Processor


(Security) (Hardware)

DSIMM: Dual Single Inline Memory Module DSP: Directory Synchronization Protocol
(Lotus)
DSIS: Distributed Support Information
Standard DSP: Document Services for Printing
DSL: Dialogue Scripting Language DSP: Domain-Specific Part
(Network)
DSL: Digital Subscriber Line
(Communication) DSPT: Display Station Pass-Thru
(IBM)
DSL: Distributed Service Logic
DSQD: Double Sided, Quad Density
DSL: Domain Specific Language
A programming languge created to solve a specific type of DSR: Data Set Ready
problem (Software) Serial port signal (Communication)

DSL: Dual Stress Liner DSR: Device Status Register


Technology by AMD and IBM to strain silicon chips to DSR: Device Status Report
enhance their performance (Hardware)
DSRI: Digital Standard Relational Interface
DSL: Dynamic Simulation Language
DSRL: Document Schema Renaming Language
DSL2: Downloadable Sounds Level 2
Provides a mechanism whereby users can assign locally
(Hardware) meaningful names to XML elements, attributes and entities
DSLAM: Digital Subscriber Line Access without having to completely rewrite the DTD or schema to
Multiplexer which they are required to conform
(Hardware) DSS: Decision Support System
DSLCP: Dynamically Switched Link Control DSS: Digital Signature Standard
Protocol
DSS: Direct Station Selector
(Network)
(Hardware)
DSLR: Digital Single-Lens Reflex
DSS: Distributed Security Service
(Hardware)
DSSI: Digital Standard Systems Interconnect
DSM: Directory Service Migration
(DEC)
DSM: Discrete Sequence Modulation
DSSLL: Differentiated Services over Specific
DSM: Distributed Shared Memory Link Layers
(Hardware) A system for mapping between Differentiated Services and
other bandwidth-management protocols such as 802.1p
DSMA: Digital Sense Multiple Access
and ATM (Network)
DSM-CC: Digital Storage Media - Command
DSSS: Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
and Control
(Communication)
DSML: Directory Services Markup Language
DSSSL: Document Style Semantic and
DSMN: Directory Service Manager for Netware Specification Language
(Operating systems) International standard for associating processing with
SGML documents
DSN: Data Source Name
(Databases) DST: Daylight Saving Time
DSN: Delivery Service Notification DSTN: Double-layer SuperTwist Nematic
DSN: Developer Support News LCD display technology (Hardware)

DSN: Distributed Systems Network DSU: Data Service Unit

DSO: Data Source Object DSU: Digital Service Unit


(Databases) DSVD: Digital Simultaneous Voice and Data
DSO: Decision Support Object (Communication)

DSO: Digital Storage Oscilloscope DSW: Data Status Word


An oscilloscope with a built-in memory used to store DSW: Device Status Word
electronic waveforms (Hardware)
DSX: Digital Signals Cross-connect

www.acronyms.ch Page 45 of 174


DT DVD

DT: Definition Term DTP: Data Tools Platform


HTML Tag Provides extensible frameworks and exemplary tools,
enabling a diverse set of plug-in offerings specific to
DT4DTD: DataTypes For Document Type particular data-centric technologies and supported by the
Definition DTP ecosystem (Software)
DTA: Direct Tape Access DTP: DeskTop Publishing
(Seagate)
DTP: Distributed Transaction Processing
DTA: Disk Transfer Area
DTR: Data Terminal Ready
DTAP: Direct Transfer Application Part
D Serial port signal (Communication)
DTB: Data Transfer Bus DTR: Data Transfer Rate
Part of the VMEbus specification that contains data and
address pathways and associated control signals. DTR: Dedicated Token Ring
Functional modules called DTB masters and DTB slaves (Network)
use the DTB to transfer data between each other.
DTR: DeskTop Reproduction
(Hardware)
DTR: Draft Technical Report
DTC: Design-Time Control (or Component)
(Software) DTS: Data Transformation Service
(Databases)
DTC: DeskTop Conferencing
DTS: Developer Technical Support
DTC: Distributed Transactions Coordinator
(Software) (Sun)
(Databases) (Microsoft)
DTS: Digital Theater Surround
DTCP: Digital Transmission Content Protection
DTS: Distributed Time Service
DTD: Document Type Definition
DTS: Distributed Traffic Shaping
DTE: Data Terminal Equipment
(Cisco)
That part of a data station that serves as a data source,
data sink, or both, and provides for the data communication DTSS: Dartmouth Time Sharing System
control function according to protocols. In contrast with
DTU: Demand Transmission Unit
Data Communication Equipment (DCE). (Communication)
DTV: DeskTop Video
DTE: Dumb Terminal Emulator
DTF: Distributed Test Facility DTV: Digital TeleVision
(Hardware)
DTL: Dialogue Tag Language
DTVC: DeskTop Video Conferencing
(IBM)
DU: Disk Usage
DTL: Diode Transistor Logic
Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware) DUA: Directory User Agent
The software that accesses the X.500 directory service on
DTLB: Dual Translation Lookaside Buffer
behalf of the directory user. The directory user may be a
DTLL: Data Type Library Language person or another software element.
Specifies libraries of datatypes using an XML language.
DUAT: Direct User Access Terminal
The schema for this language is defined in This
International Standard using the compact syntax of the DUL: Dialup Users List
RELAX NG schema language, as defined by Annex C of Project to encourage good e-mail behaviour and
ISO 19757:2 accountability without denying regular e-mail. See
http://mail-abuse.org/dul/
DTM: Deterministic Turing Machine
DUN: Dial-Up Networking
DTM: Digital Terrain Mapping
(Network)
DTM: Distributed Transaction Monitor
DUNCE: Dial Up Network Connection
DTM: Document Table Model Enhancement
Interface to a document model designed specifically for the (Network)
needs of Apache's XPath and XSLT implementations. The
motivation behind this model is to optimize performance DUP: DUPlex
and minimize storage (Software) Used in SCSI interface for split backplane (Hardware)

DTMF: Dual Tone MultiFrequency DUT: Device Under Test


Use of two simultaneous voice-band tones for dial (such as DUW: Distributed Unit of Work
touch tone) (Hardware)
(IBM)
DTML: Document Template Markup Language DV: Digital Video
DTMS: Data Transformation Management DVB: Digital Video Broadcasting
System
(Communication)
DTO: Data Transfer Object
DVC: Desktop Video Conferencing
An "envelope" used to transport any kind of data between
tiers of systems (Software) DVC: Digital Video Camera
(Hardware)
DTO: Day-Time Organizer
(Software) DVD: Deutsche Vereinigung für Datenschutz
DVD: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk
(Hardware)

Page 46 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


DVD+MRW E2E

DVD+MRW: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk- DW: Data Warehouse


Mount rainier ReWritable (Databases)
Standard that enables native OS support of data storage
DW: Display Write
on DVD+RW. This makes the technology far easier to use
Word Processor (Software) (IBM)
and allows the replacement of the floppy. See
http://www.mt-rainier.org/ (Hardware) DW: Double Word
DVD+RW: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk- Four consecutive bytes (32 bits)
ReWritable DWA: Data Warehousing Alliance
(Hardware) (Databases) (Microsoft)
DVD-A: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk-Audio DWC: Data Warehouse Catalog
D
(Hardware) Data warehousing (Databases)
DVD-MMVFF: Digital Versatile Disc MultiMedia DWDM: Dense Wavelength Division
E
Video File Format Multiplexing
DVD-R: Digital Video Disk-Recordable (Communication)

DVD-RAM: Digital Versatile Disk - Random DWF: Design Web Format


Access Memory Fast, efficient way to distribute design data to anyone who
A read-write DVD (Hardware) needs it. With Autodesk Express Viewer, a small, free,
downloadable application, you can view and print that rich
DVD-ROM: Digital Versatile Disk - Read Only data (Software) (Autodesk)
Memory
DWG: DraWinG
A read only DVD (Hardware)
File name extension
DVD-RW: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk-
DWM: Diskless Workstation Management
ReWritable
(Hardware) DWMT: Discrete Wavelet MultiTone
DVE: Digital Video Effect DWT: Discrete Wavelet Transform
D-VHS: Digital Video Home System DX: DirectX
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
DVI: DeVice Independent
File name extension DX: DupleX
(Communication)
DVI: Diagonal Viewable Image
(Hardware) DXB: Drawing eXchange Binary
File name extension (Autodesk)
DVI: Digital Video Interactive
DXC: Data eXchange Control
DVI: Digital Video Interface
Specification to interface digital flat panels with host PCs DXF: Data eXchange File
(Hardware)
DXF: Drawing Exchange Format
DVI-A: Digital Video Interface-Analog File name extension
(Hardware)
DXI: Data eXchange Interface
DVI-D: Digital Video Interface-Digital An interface to frame relay networks (Communication)
(Hardware)
DXL: Domino Xml Language
DVI-I: Digital Video Interface-Integrated (IBM)
(Hardware)
DXPC: Differential X Protocol Compressor
DVI-V: Digital Video Interface-Vga
Dxr: Dynamic eXtended Resolution
(Hardware)
(Hardware) (Creative Labs)
DVL: Digital Video Link
DXTC: DirectX Texture COmpression
DVM: Digital Volt Meter (Microsoft)
(Hardware)
DXVA: DirectX Video Acceleration
DVMA: Direct Virtual Memory Access (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
A mechanism to enable a device on the SBus to initiate
DYE: Damn Your Eyes
data transfers between it and other SBus
(Net lingo)
devices, such as system memory. Contrast with Direct
Memory Access (DMA). (Hardware) DYNSLT: DYNamic SeLecT
DVMRP: Distance Vector Multicast Routing (IBM)
Protocol
(Network) E
DVOF: Digital Video Over Fiber E: Exa
DVR: device DriVeR Prefix for 10 power 18 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 60)
File name extension E&M: Ear & Mouth
DVR: Digital Video Recorder Trunking arrangement generally used for two-way switch-
to-switch or switch-to-network connections (Hardware)
(Hardware)
E2E: End-To-End
DVRMP: Distance Vector Multicast Routing
The ability of a network to deliver service needed by a
Protocol
specific network application from end-to-end, with the
(Network)
ability to provide both class of service and reserved
DVX: Digital Voice eXchange bandwidth for different types of network traffic (Network)

www.acronyms.ch Page 47 of 174


E3 EBT

E3: Electronic Entertainement Expo EARS: Explicit Archive and Retrieval System
E4X: Ecmacript For Xml EAS: Enterprise Access Server
set of programming language extensions adding native EAS: Enterprise Agreement for S/390
XML support to ECMAScript. See also http://www.ecma-
(Software) (IBM)
international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-357.htm
(Software) EASI: Enhanced Asynchronous Scsi Interface
EA: Effective Address EAST: East Australian Standard Time
EA: Enterprise Agreement Timezone: GMT +10:00
Licensing scheme (Microsoft) EAT: End Around Test
EA: Escrowed Authenticator Also known as a wrap test, returns output signal to input
line (Hardware)
E EA: Extended Attribute
EATA: Enhanced Advanced Technology bus
(IBM)
Attachment
EAB: Enterprise Application Builder
EAX: Environmental Audio eXtensions
(Software)
(Hardware) (Creative Labs)
EADAS: Engineering and Administrative Data
Acquisition System EB: ExaByte
1024 petabytes
EADASNM: Engineering and Administrative
Data Acquisition System Network EBASIC: Extended Beginners All-purpose
Management Symbolic Instruction Code
Programming language (Software)
EADT: East Australian Daylight Time
Timezone: GMT +10:00
EBC: Eisa Bus Controller

E-ADT: Extended Abstract Data Type EBCDIC: Extended Binary Coded Decimal
Interchange Code
(Software)
Charachter encoding scheme (IBM)
EAGLES: Expert Advisory Group on Language
Engineering Standards EBCT: Electron Beam Computed Tomography
Character encoding scheme
EAI: Enterprise Application Integration
EBD: Emergency Boot Disk
EAM: Enterprise Asset Management
(Software)
EBDI: Enhanced Background Debug Interface
(Hardware) (Motorola)
EAM: Evanescent Access Method
EBDS: Enhanced Background Debug Software
EAN: European Article Number
Bar code standards family
EBF: Emergency Bug Fix
(Software)
EAP: Early Adopter Program
EBF: Engineering Bug Fix
EAP: Enterprise Application Platform (Sybase)
(Software)
EBI: Equivalent Background Input
EAP: Extensible Authentication Protocol
(Security)
EBI: Extended Background Investigation

EAPI: Extended Application Programming EBI: External Bus Interface


(Hardware)
Interface
(Software) EBIP: Enterprise Business Intelligence Portal
EAPoL: Extensible Authentication Protocol EBKAC: Error Between Keyboard And Chair
Over Lan Pronounced 'ebb-kak', is used to describe user errors --
(Security) "obviously an EBKAC error" (Net lingo)

EAR: Enterprise ARchive EBML: Extensible Binary Meta Language


Filename extension (Software) Simple, XML-like binary language for describing data in
structured style. See http://ebml.sourceforge.net/
EAR: External Access Register
EBNF: Extended Backus-Naur Form
EARL: Enhanced Address Recognition Logic
Is a custom Catalyst 5000 family switch component EBPP: Electronic Bill Presentment and
similar to the learning bridge or content-addressable Payment
memory (CAM) of other types of network switches and Allows customers of commerce institutions to view and pay
routers (Hardware) (Cisco) their bills online
EARN: European Academic Research Network EBROM: Electronic Book Read Only Memory
A network using BITNET technology connecting
EBSS: Extended Basic Service Set
universities and research labs in Europe. (Network)
Wireless network with more than one wireless access point
EAROM: Electrically Alterable Read Only (Network)
Memory
EBT: Electronic Benefits Transfer
(Hardware)
EARS: Electronic Access to Reference
Services
EARS: Electronic Authoring and Routing
System
(DEC)

Page 48 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


ebXML EDA

ebXML: Electronic Business eXtensible ECMA: European Computer Manufacturing


Markup Language Association
This standard aims at creating a modular electronic (Organizations)
business framework using XML. It is the product of a joint
ECML: Electronic Commerce Modeling
initiative by the United Nations (UN/CEFACT) and the
Organization for the Advancement of Structured
Language
Information Systems (OASIS) ECMP: Equal Cost Multipath Protocol
EC: Electronic Commerce (Network)

EC: Error Control ECN: Electronic Communications Network


EC: European Community ECN: European Counter Network

EC: Exchange Carrier ECN: Explicit Congestion Notification


(Communication) (Network)
E
ECAF: European Certification Authority Forum ECNE: Enterprise Certified Netware Engineer
(Novell)
ECAL: Enjoy Computing And Learn
ECO: Engineering Change Order
ECAT: Electronic Card Assembly and Test
Hardware minor revisions, usually in the days of
(IBM) minicomputers, where a change wasn't made to the PCB
ECB: Electronic CodeBook layout (which would probably carry the major revision
number/letter), e.g. to correct a problem found in operation
ECB: Event Control Block and approved and recorded by HQ staff (Hardware)
A data structure used to control sending and receiving of
packets in a Novell Network (Operating systems) (Novell) ECOM: Electronic Computer Originated Mail

ECC: Electrical Connectivity Checks ECOOP: European Conference on Object


Orientated Programming
ECC: Elliptic Curve Cryptography
Technology for public key cryptosystems, providing the
ECP: Enhanced Communication Protocol
highest security-to-key size ratio (Security) ECP: Extended Capabilities Port
ECC: Error Checking and Correction (Hardware)
The detection, in the processing unit, and correction of all ECPA: Electronic Communication Privacy Act
single-bit errors, plus the detection of double-bit and some
multiple-bit errors. ECPP: Enterprise Collaborative Processing
Portal
ECC: Error Correction Code
ECR: Enterprise Content Repository
ECD: Enhanced Color Display
ECR: Enterprise Customer Resource
ECD: Enhanced Compact Disk
eCRM: Electronic Customer Relationship
ECDL: European Computer Driving Licence Management
The ECDL Foundation works to promote an International A complete view of customer interactions, stored in
certification of industry-standard computing skills. See electronic format for review and data manipulation
http://www.ecdl.com (Organizations) (Software)
ECF: Enhanced Connectivity Facilities ECS: Element Construction Set
ECHO: European Commission Host Java API for generating elements for various markup
Organization languages it directly supports HTML 4.0 and XML, but can
easily be extended to create tags for any markup language
ECHS: Extended Cylinders, Heads, Sectors (Software)
Enables use of hard drives up to 8.4 GB in size (Hardware)
ECS: Enhanced Chip Set
ECHT: European Conference on Hypermedia
Technology ECS: Enterprise Control Station

ECI: External Call Interface ECS: Event Communication Service


(IBM) ECSA: Exchange Carriers Standards
ECL: EClectic Language Association

ECL: Emitter Coupled Logic ECTF: Enterprise Computer Telephony Forum


Brings together the best industry thinkers on the planet to
Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware)
deliver on a shared vision in the computer telephony
ECLF: Extended Common Log Format industry to allow for open access to a diversity of
(Network) communications products and services. See also
http://www.ectf.org/ (Organizations)
ECM: Electronic Control Module
ECTL: Electronic Communal Temporal Lobe
ECM: Electronic Counter Measures
(Hardware) ECTS: European Consumer Trade Show

ECM: Endpoint Congestion Management ECU: Eisa Configuration Utility


(Network) ED: End Delimiter
ECM: Enterprise Commerce Management ED: Enhanced Density
ECM: Enterprise Content Management ED: Erase Display
ECM: Entity Coordination Management ED: Extra-high Density
ECM: Error-Correction Mode 2.88 MB floppy disk (Hardware)
EDA: Electronic Design Automation

www.acronyms.ch Page 49 of 174


EDA EET

EDA: Embedded Document Architecture EDP: Electronic Data Processing


EDA: Event Driven Architecture EDP: Extended Dos Partition
Software architecture pattern promoting the production, (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
detection, consumption of, and reaction to events
EDPM: Electronic Data Processing Machine
(Software)
EDPS: Electronic Data Processing System
EDAC: Electromechanical Digital Adapter
Circuit EDPT: Enhanced fixed Disk Parameter Table
EDB: Embedded DataBase (Hardware)

EDB: External Data Bus EDR: External Developer Release


(Hardware) EDRAM: Extended Dynamic Random Access
E Memory
EDC: Easy Data Communication
(Hardware)
(Communication)
EDS: Electronic Data Systems
EDC: Electronic Digital Computer
EDC: Enhanced Data Correction EDSAC: Electronic Delay Storage Automatic
Computer
EDC: Error Detection and Correction
EDSF: Electronic Document Systems
EDC: Error Detection Code Foundation
EDDC: Extended Distance Data Cable See www.edsf.org (Organizations)

EDE: Encrypt-Decrypt-Encrypt EDSRA: Earth Data System Reference


Application
EDFA: Erbium Doped Fibre Amplifier
(Communication) EDT: Eastern Daylight Time
Timezone: GMT -5:00
EDGAR: Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis
and Retrieval EDTV: Enhanced Definition TeleVision
(Hardware)
EDGE: Enhanced Data-rate for Gsm Evolution
EDU: Engine Dispatchable Unit
EDI: Electronic Data Interchange
(Databases)
EDI: Electronic Document Interchange
EDVAC: Electronic Discrete Variable
(DEC)
Automatic Computer
EDID: Extended Display Identification Data First stored-program digital computer
(Hardware)
EDW: Enterprise Data Warehouse
EDIF: Electronic Design Interchange Format EE: Extended Edition
A standard file format for exchanging CAD data.
(IBM)
EDIFACT: Electronic Data Interchange For EEA: Extended Enterprise Applications
Administration Commerce and Transport
(Software)
EDIINT: Electronic Data Interchange-
EEC: Extended Error Correction
Internet INTegration
Standard detailing a set of protocols and requirements to EEG: ElectroEncephaloGram
package, secure, communicate and authenticate
EEI: Equipment to Equipment Interface
transactions over the Internet in an interoperable manner
EEL: Epsilon Extension Language
EDIT: Emulsion Direct Imaging Technology
(Hardware) EEM: External Expansion Module
EDL: Edit Decision List EEMA: European Electronic Messaging
Association
EDLC: Ethernet Data Link Control (Organizations)
EDM: Electronic Document Management
EEMAC: Electrical & Electronic MAnufacturers
EDM: Engineering Data Management of Canada
EDM: Enterprise Data Model EEMS: Enhanced Expanded Memory
Data warehousing Specification
(Operating systems)
EDM: Environmental Descriptor Manager
(Databases) EEP: Entry Exit Procedure
EDMS: Electronic Document Management EEPRO: Ethernet Express PRO
System Network interface card (Hardware) (Intel)
EDO: Extended Data Output EEPROM: Electrically Erasable Programmable
Memory manufacturing technology (Hardware) Read Only Memory
A non-volatile PROM that may be written to as well as read
EDOC: Enterprise Distributed Object
from. (Hardware)
Computing
EES: Escrow Encryption Standard
EDODRAM: Extended Data Out Dynamic
Random Access Memory EESP: Enterprise Extended Services Portal
(Hardware) EET: Eastern European Time
EDOS: Enhanced Disk Operating System Timezone: GMT +1:00
Mmeory manufacturing technology

Page 50 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


EF ELSA

EF: Expedited Forwarding EICAVR: European Institute for Computer


A Per-Hop Behavior in the Differentiated Service standard, Anti-Virus Research
used to create a virtual leased line service (Network)
EIDE: Enhanced Integrated Drive (or Device)
EFA: Extended File Attribute Electronics
EFCI: Explicit Forward Congestion Indication Bus architecture (Hardware)

EFF: Electronic Frontier Foundation EIGRP: Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing


Protocol
EFI: Electromechanical Frequency (Network) (Cisco)
Interference
EIM: Electronic Image Management
EFI: Electronics For Imaging
EIO: Enhanced Input/Output
EFI: Extensible Firmware Interface E
Specification that defines a new model for the interface
EIP: Enterprise Information Portal
between operating systems and platform firmware (IBM)

EFI: External Functional Interface EIR: Equipment Identity Register


A database containing a list of all valid IMEIs on the
EFIGS: English, French, Italian, German, network (Communication)
Spanish
EIS: Enterprise Information System
EFL: Emitter Follower Logic
(Hardware) EIS: European Information System

EFM: Eight to Fourteen Modulation EIS: Executive Information System

EFM: Ethernet First Mile EISA: Extended Industry Standard


(Network) Architecture
PC bus architecture (Hardware)
E-FORM: Electronic FORM
EISS: Europaeisches Institut für
EFS: Encrypting File System SystemSicherheit
(Operating systems)
EITAAC: Electronic and Information
EFSP: Enhanced Fax Service Provider Technology Access Advisory Committee
EFT: Electronic Funds Transfer (Organizations)

EFT: Euro FileTransfer EJB: Enterprise Java Bean


(Software) (Sun)
EFTPoS: Point Of SaleElectronic Funds
Transfer at Point Of Sale EJC: Electronic Journal of Communication
EFTS: Electronic Funds Transfer at Point Of EKP: Enterprise Knowledge Portal
Sale (IBM)
EGA: Enhanced Graphics Adapter EL: ElectroLuminescent
Video specification for a resolution of 640x350 pixels in (Hardware)
16 colors (Hardware)
EL: Erase Line
EGP: Exterior Gateway Protocol
EL1: Extensible Language One
A reachability routing protocol used by gateways in a two-
level internet. EGP is used in the Internet core system. ELAN: Emulated Local Area Network
(Network)
ELC: Embedded Linking and Control
EGREP: Extended Global Regular Expression ELD: Electronic License Distribution
Print
ELEC: Enterprise Local Exchange Carrier
EGS: Enhanced Graphics System
ELF: Electronic Location Finder
EGSM: Extended Global System for Mobile
communications ELF: Executable and Linking Format
(Communication) (Software)

EHCI: Enhanced Host Controller Interface ELF: Extremely Low Frequency


(Hardware) (Hardware)

EHF: Encoding Header Field ELH: Entity Life History


EHF: Extreme High Frequency ELI: Embedded Lisp Interpreter
EHLLAPI: Emulator High-Level Language ELIC: Electronic Library Information Center
Application Programming Interface ELINT: ELectronic INTelligence
EIA: Electronic Industries Alliance ELK: Extension Language Kit
High-tech association that represents the full spectrum of
U.S. electronics and high-tech industry manufacturers. See ELLIS: EuLisp LInda System
also http://www.eia.org (Organizations) ELM: ELectronic Mail
EIAJ: Electronic Industry Association of (Network)
Japan ELOD: Erasable Laser Optical Disk
(Organizations)
ELP: Equational Logic Programming
EiB: ExbIByte
ELS: Entry Level System
Unit of measurement, introduced by the International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024 ELSA: ELektronische SAchen
PiB German hardware manufacturer (Hardware)

www.acronyms.ch Page 51 of 174


ELSNET EOD

ELSNET: European Language and Speech EMP: ElectroMagnetic Pulse


NETwork (Hardware)

EM: ElectroMagnetic EMR: ElectroMagnetic Radiation


EM: Electronic Mail EMR: Electronic Medical Record
EM: EMphasis (Software)
HTML tag EMR: Enhanced Metafile Record
EM: End of Medium EMS: Electronic Mail System
EM: Enterprise Management EMS: Electronic Messaging Service
EM: Expanded Memory EMS: Element Management System
E EM: Extensions Manager (Software)

EMA: Electronic Mail Association EMS: Energy Management System

EMA: Enterprise Management Architecture EMS: Enhanced Message Service

EMA: Enterprise Memory Architecture EMS: Entrust Messaging Server


(Security)
(Operating systems)
EMACS: Editing MACroS EMS: Expanded Memory Specification
(Software)
E-MAIL: Electronic MAIL
EMSAPI: Extended Messaging Services
EMB: Enhanced Master Burst Application Programming Interface
EMB: Extended Memory Block EMSC: Electronic Mail Standards Committee
EMBARC: Electronic Mail Broadcast to A EMT: Eastern Mediterranean Time
Roaming Computer Timezone: GMT +2:00
EMBM: Environment-Mapped Bump Mapping EMV: Europay, Mastercard and Visa
EMC: ElectroMagnetic Compatibility EMWAC: European Microsoft Windows nt
EMC: E-Mail Connection Academic Centre
EMC: Emergency Management Card EMX: Enterprise Messaging eXchange
(Hardware) (Intel) (Lotus)

EMC: Enhanced Memory Chip EN: Europa Norm


EMC: Extended Math Coprocessor ENA: Electronic Networking Association
EMEA: Europe, Middle East and Africa ENA: Extended Network Addressing
EMF: Eclipse Modeling Framework ENC: ENCoded
Modeling framework and code generation facility for File name extension
building tools and other applications based on a structured
ENC: Enterprise Naming Context
data model. See also http://www.eclipse.org/emf/ (Software)
ENDC: European Network Design Center
EMF: ElectroMagnetic Field
ENDEC: ENcoder/DECoder
EMF: Enhanced MetaFile
File format for graphics (Microsoft) ENDS: END of Segment
EMF: Extensible Message Format ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator And
Computer
EMI: ElectroMagnetic Interference
First fully electronic digital computer
EMI: Enhanced Multilayer Image
ENL: EndNote Library
Cisco's multicast routing implentation permits any host to
File extension for EndNote Program used in bibliographies
send a packet but only members of the multicast group to
(Software)
receive it if "EMI" is enabled on the Stack Master.
(Network) (Cisco) ENQ: ENQuiry
EML: Element Management Layer ENS: Enterprise Network Services
EML: EMaiL ENSS: Exterior Nodal Switching Subsystem
Filename extension used by MS Outlook Express
ENT: Enterprise Network Tools
(Software) (Microsoft)
EO: Europe Online
EMM: Expanded Memory Manager
EOA: End Of Address
EMM: Extended Memory Management
(Communication)
EMMA: European MultiMedia Award
EOB: End Of Block
EMMA: Extensible MultiModal Annotation (Communication)
Markup language intended for use by systems that provide
semantic interpretations for a variety of inputs, including
EOC: End Of Character
but not necessarily limited to, speech, natural language EOC: End Of Conversion
text, GUI and ink input. See also
http://www.w3.org/TR/emma/ EOD: End Of Data

EMMP: Enterprise Mission Management Portal EOD: Erasable Optical Disk

EMO: Exchange Messaging Outlook

Page 52 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


EOF ERD

EOF: End Of File EPIC: Explicitly Parallel Instruction


A particular character, usually a Control-D, that tells the Computing
system it has reached the end of the file.
EPL: Effective Privilege Level
EOF: Enterprise Object Framework
EPL: Electronic switching system
(Software) (Apple)
Programming Language
EOI: End Of Input
EPLD: Electrically Programmable Logic Device
EOI: End Of Interrupt (Hardware)
EOI: End Or Identify EPM: Enhanced editor for Presentation
EOJ: End Of Job Manager
(IBM)
EOL: End Of Line E
EPM: Enterprise Print Manager
EOL: End Of List An OS/390 software solution for management of printers
EOM: End Of Message and print jobs in addition to the various printing functions.
(Communication) The host data, AFP as well as line data, are converted into
printer data streams such as PCL5 and PostScript
EON: Edge Of Network (Software)
(Network) (IBM)
EPM: Enterprise Process Management
EON: Extranet Object Network (IBM)
(Network)
EPO: Electronic Public Offering
EOP: End Of Procedure
EPOS: Electronic Point Of Sale
EOR: Electro-Optical Reconnaissance Electronic cash registers and their software used in stores
EOR: Exclusive OR EPP: Enhanced Parallel Port
Also XOR (Hardware)
EOS: Earth Observing System EPR: EndPoint Reference
(NASA) Combination of Web services elements that define the
address for a resource in a Simple Object Access Protocol
EOS: Ecc On Simm
(SOAP) header (Software)
(Hardware)
EPRI: Electric Power Research Institute
EOS: Electrical OverStress
(Organizations)
Electrically overstressing and damaging a device or
component by too much voltage or current (Hardware) EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read Only
Memory
EOS: End Of String
A non-volatile memory chip that is programmed
EOS: Extended Operating System after they it is manufactured. EPROMs differ from PROMs
in that they can be erased (generally by exposing the
EOSDIS: Earth Observing System Data and
semiconductor material to the ultraviolet light) and can be
Information System
reprogrammed after having been erased. (Hardware)
(NASA)
EPRPI: Enhanced Primary Rate Peripheral
EOT: End Of Table Interface
EOT: End Of Tape EPS: Encapsulated PostScript
(Hardware)
A file format for graphics and text supported by several
EOT: End Of Text graphics drawing applications. (Adobe)

EOT: End Of Transmission EPSF: Encapsulated PostScript Files


(Communication) EPSI: Encapsulated PostScript Interchange
EoU: Ease Of Use A version of the encapsulated PostScript format that
describes an image using a standard text file. (Adobe)
EOUG: European Oracle User Group
EQD: English Query Domain
EoVDSL: Ethernet Over Very high bit rate Filename extension (Databases) (Microsoft)
Digital Subscriber Line
(Communication) EQP: EQuiPment
EP: ElectroPhotographic ER: Entity Relationship
Laser printing technology (Hardware) ER: Error Resilience
EP: Exchange Provider Technique that make systems more robust against errors
(Communication) ER: Explicit cell Rate
EPA: Enhanced Performance Architecture ER/RC: Extended Result/Response Code
EPA: Environmental Protection Agency ERA: Extended Registry Attributes
(Organizations)
ERA/O: Embedded Remote Access Option
EPAC: Enhanced Perceptual Audio Coder (Hardware) (Dell)
EPD: Early Packet Discard ERAS: Electronic Routing and Approval
(Network) System
EPIC: Eclipse PlugIn Central ERD: Emergency Repair Disk
(Software)
ERD: Entity-Relationship Diagram
EPIC: Electronic Privacy Information Center

www.acronyms.ch Page 53 of 174


ERIC ESS

ERIC: Educational Resources Information ESE: Extensible Storage Engine


Center Stores all active directory objects (Operating systems)
(Microsoft)
ERIN: Environmental Resources Information
Network ESF: Extended SuperFrame
ERLL: Enhanced Run Length Limited ESI: Edge Side Include
(Software)
ERM: Enterprise Relationship Management
ERM: Enterprise Resource Management ESI: End System Identifier
(Software) ESI: Enhanced Serial Interface
Communication specification (Hayes)
ERM: Entity-Relationship Model
ERMA: Electronic Recording Method, ESIS: End System to Intermediate System
E
Accounting ES-IS: End System to Intermediate System
ERMS: Email Response Management System The International Organization for Standardization's Open
Systems Interconnection (OSI) protocol by which end
EROM: Erasable Read Only Memory systems announce themselves to intermediate systems.
EROS: Earth Resources Observation System ESM: Enterprise Security Manager
ERP: Enterprise Resource Planning Scalable security policy compliance and host-based
vulnerability assessment tool (Software) (Symantec)
Integrates all data and processes of an organization into a
unified system. Although the initialism ERP originated in ESM: Enterprise System Management
the manufacturing environment, today's use of the term
ERP systems has much broader scope
ESM: European Satellite Multimedia

ERR: ERRor ESM: External Storage Module


A Sun external unit that contains disk or tape drives and
ERU: Emergency Recovery Utility that can be connected to a desktop SPARCstation system.
(Microsoft) (Hardware) (Sun)
ES: Enterprise Suite ESMA: Extended Server Memory Architecture
(Software) (Operating systems)
ES: Extended Services ESMD: Embedded Storage Module Disk
ES: Extra Segment ESMD: Enhanced Storage Module Device
CPU register (Hardware) (Intel)
ESME: External Short Message Entity
ESA: Enterprise Systems Architecture (Communication)
(IBM)
ESMR: Enhanced Specialized Mobile Radio
ESA: European Space Agency
ESMTP: Extended Simple Mail Transfer
(Organizations)
Protocol
ESB: Enterprise Service Bus ESN: Electronic Security Number
ESC: Eisa System Component ESN: Electronic Serial Number
ESC: ESCape ESN: Electronic Switched Network
ESC/P: Epson Standard Code for Printers ESNET: Energy Sciences NETwork
(Epson)
ESO: Equipment Superior to Operator
ESCD: Extended System Configuration Data (Net lingo)
ESCM: Extended Services Communications ESP: Emulation Sensing Processor
Manager
(IBM) ESP: Encapsulated Security Payload
(Network)
ESCON: Enterprise System CONnection
Architecture (IBM) ESP: Enhanced Serial Port
(Hardware)
ESCSI: Embedded Small Computers System
Interface ESP: Enhanced Service Provider
Bus architecture (Hardware) ESP: Enterprise System Platform
ESD: Electronic Software Distribution ESP: Estimated Street Price
ESD: ElectroStatic Discharge ESP: Ethernet Serial Port
(Hardware)
ESP: Eudora Sharing Protocol
ESD: Emergency Startup Disk
ESP: Expert Searching and Pricing
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
ESPRIT: European Strategic Program of
ESDI: Enhanced Small Device Interface
Research and development in Information
ESDRAM: Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic Technology
Random Access Memory
ESR: Event Service Routine
(Hardware)
ESRB: Entertaining Software Rating Board
ESDS: Entry Sequenced Data Set
(Organizations)
ESE: Exchange Server Enterprise
ESRO: Efficient Short Remote Operation
(Microsoft)
(Network)
ESS: Electronic Switching System

Page 54 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


ESS EWS

ESS: Enterprise Storage Server ETTb: Ethernet To The Business


(IBM) Telecommunications carrier service providing Ethernet to
a business subscriber. See also ETTh and ETTx.
ESS: Enterprise Survivable Server (Communication)
Allows customers to place backup ESS servers at key
locations throughout their enterprise. An ESS server is ETTh: Ethernet To The Home
capable of taking over for the entire enterprise or, just a Telecommunications carrier service providing Ethernet to
portion of the enterprise in the event that some type of a home subscriber. See also ETTb and ETTx.
outage has occurred (Communication)
ESS: Extended Service Set ETTx: Ethernet To The X
(Communication) Telecommunications carrier service providing Ethernet to
a business subscriber (ETTb) or home subscriber (ETTh).
ESSID: Extended Service Set IDentifier
(Communication)
See also ETTb and ETTh. (Communication) E
ETX: End of TeXt
ESSL: Engineering and Scientific Subroutine
(Communication)
Library
(Software) (IBM) EU: Execution Unit
EST: Eastern Standard Time EUC: End User Computing
Timezone: GMT -5:00 EUC: Extended Unix Code
ESTO: Equipment Superior To Operator An encoding scheme that allows up to four codesets to
When a computer seems to have a mind of its own. For coexist in one data stream. EUC supports one primary
example, when you watch it spam all 800 people in your character set and three supplementary character sets.
contact list and you can't stop it (Net lingo) (Operating systems)

ESTT: E-mail Server Test Tool EUI: End-User Interface


Ziff-Davis labs test suite for email servers EULA: End User License Agreement
ESU: ElectroStatic Unit EUNET: European Unix NETwork
ET: Enhancement Technology Euro CASE: EUROpean Council of Applied
ETACS: Extended Total Access Sciences and Engineering
Communication System (Organizations)
(IBM) EUUG: European Unix Users Group
ETANN: Electrically Trainable Analog Neural (Organizations)
Network EUV: Extreme Ultra Violet
Chip (Intel) (Hardware)
ETB: End of Transmission Block EUVL: Extreme UltraViolet Lithography
ETC: Electronic Toll Collection (Hardware)

ETC: Enhanced Throughput Cellular EVA: Economic Value Added


Cellular modem protocol (AT&T) Ev-DO: Evolution-Data Only (or Optimized)
Wireless radio broadband data standard adopted by many
etc: Essential Text Configuration
CDMA mobile phone service providers
In any unix (and variants like linux) system the /etc
directory (Operating systems) EVE: Extensible Vax Editor
ETF: Enriched Text Format EVGA: Extended Video Graphics Adapter
ETFTP: Enhanced Trivial File Transfer EVGA: Extended Video Graphics Array
Protocol
EVLIW: Encapsulated Very Long Instruction
ETIS: European Telecommunications Word
Information Service (Hardware)
ETL: Extract, Transform and Load EVM: Embedded Virtual Machine
(Databases)
EVR: Enhanced Video Renderer
ETLA: Extended Three Letter Acronym (Hardware)
ETML: Extract, Transform, Move, and Load EVS: Economic Value Sourced
(Databases)
EW: Electronic Warfare
ETOM: Electron-Trapping Optical Memory
EWAN: Emulator Without A Name
ETPL: Endorsed Tempest Products List
EWN: Enterprise Wide Network
ETR: Early Token Release A computer network that links all the computers in an
ETR: Etsi Technical Report organization (Network)

ETS: Econometric Time Series EWOS: European Workshop for Open Systems
The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Implementors
ETS: Ethernet Terminal Servers workshop for Europe.
(Hardware)
EWS: Early Warning Status
ETS: European Telecommunications Standard System that alerts the host system if drive performance
ETSI: European Telecommunication approaches unacceptable reliability levels (Hardware)
Standards Institute EWS: Employee Written Software
(Organizations) (IBM)

www.acronyms.ch Page 55 of 174


ExCA FCI

ExCA: EXchangeable Card Architecture FASMI: False Analysis of Shared


(Intel) Multidimensional Information
EXE: Executable FAST: File And Settings Transfer
File name extension The FAST wizard helps you transfer files in windows XP
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
EXE2BIN: EXEcutable To BINary
FAST: First Application System Test
EXIF: EXchangeable Image File format
Standard for storing interchange information in image files, FAT: File Allocation Table
especially those using JPEG compression. Most digital (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
cameras now use the EXIF format. See also
FAT12: File Allocation Table 12 bits
http://www.exif.org/
Every entry in the table is 12 bits wide (Operating
E EXP: EXPonent systems) (Microsoft)
EXSLT: Extensions to eXtensible Stylesheet FAT16: File Allocation Table 16 bits
F Language Transformation Every entry in the table is 16 bits wide (Operating
EXT: EXTernal systems) (Microsoft)

EXTRA: EXecutionTRace Analyzer FAT32: File Allocation Table 32 bits


Every entry in the table is 32 bits wide (Operating
EXTRN: EXecution TRace Analyzer systems) (Microsoft)
EXUG: European X Users Group FAX: FACSimile
E-ZINE: Electronic magaZINE Also a file name extension
FAZAM: Full Armor Zero AdMinistration
F FB: Fiber optic Backbone
f: femto FBA: Fair Buffer Allocation
Prefix for 10 power -15 (Network)
F/T: Full Time FBC: Find By Content
F/V: Frequency to Voltage converter FBD: Fully Buffered Dimm
(Hardware) Memory technology which can be used to increase
F/W SCSI: Fast/Wide Small Computers reliability, speed and density of memory subsystems
System Interface (Hardware)
(Hardware) FBGA: Fine Ball-Grid Array
FA: Foreign Agent Integrated circuit (IC) packaging that uses half-spherical
contacts versus pins (Hardware)
Node in a mobile IP network that enables roamed users to
register on the foreign network. The FA will communicate FBRAM: Frame Buffer Random Access Memory
with the HA (Home Agent) to enable IP datagrams to be A special type of Dynamic RAM (DRAM) used in high-
transferred between the home network and the roamed user speed frame buffers. Similar to Video RAM (VRAM),
on the foreign network (Network) FBRAM is specifically designed for use in high-speed frame
FAB: FABrication plant buffers and graphics accelerators. (Hardware)
Usually referred to chip fabrication plants FC: Fiber Channel
FAC: File Access Code (Hardware)

FACE: Framed Access Command Environment FC: Frame Control

FACS: Facility fir Access Control and Security FC: Functional Component
(Software)
FAIL: Fast Artificial Intelligence Language
FC/AL: Fiber Channel/Arbitrated Loop
FAMOS: Floating gate Avalanche Metal Oxide
Semiconductor FC/EL: Fiber Channel/Enhanced Loop
(Hardware) FCA: Flow Control Acknowledge
FANS: Future Air Navigation System FC-AL: Fiber Channel - Arbitrated Loop
FAP: File Access Protocol (Hardware)

FAP: Format And Protocol FCB: File Control Block


FAPI: Family Application Programming FCBS: File Control BlockS
Interface FCC: Federal Communications Commission
FAQ: Frequently Asked Question (Organizations)

FAR: Fixed Alternative Routing FCC: File Carbon Copy


FARE: Film Automatic Retouching and FCCSET: Federal Coordinating Council for
Enhancement Science, Engineering and Technology
Film scanner technology (Hardware) (Canon) FC-EL: Fiber Channel - Enhanced Loop
FARNET: Federation of American Research (Hardware)
NETworks FCFS: First Come, First Served
(Organizations) Process or thread scheduling (Operating systems)
FASIC: Function and Algorithm-Specific FCHBA: Fibre Channel Host Bus Adapter
Integrated Circuit Host bus adapter over optical fibers (Hardware)

FCI: Fibre Channel Interface

Page 56 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


FCI FESDK

FCI: Flow Control Indicator FDII: Feeder Distribution Interface


Interconnect
FCI: Flux Changes per Inch
(Communication)
FCIF: Flexible Computer Interface Form
FDL: File Definition Language
(Communication)
FCIF: Full Common Intermediate Format FDM: Frequency-Division Multiplexing
Video Teleconferencing standard FDMA: Frequency-Division Multiple Access
FCL: Fibre Channel Loop FDOCA: Formatted Data Object Content
Architecture
FCL: Framework Class Library
(IBM)
A collection of classes which are part of Microsoft's .NET
platform. (Software) (Microsoft) FDPT: Fixed Disk Parameter Table
FCO: First Class Object (Hardware)
(Software) FDSL: Fractional Digital Subscriber Line
FCO: Flow Control Operator bits (Communication) F
FCP: Fibre Channel Protocol FDSL: Free Digital Subscriber Line
(Communication)
FC-PGA: Flip Chip-Pin Grid Array
IC pins organization (Hardware)
FDTE: Female Data Terminal Equipment
RS-232 adapter (Hardware)
FCPH: Fibre Channel PHysical and signaling
interface FDx: Full DupleX
(Communication)
FCR: FIFO Control Register
FE: Family Edition
FCRAM: Fast-Cycle Random Access Memory
(Software)
(Hardware)
FE: Functional Entity
FCS: Fiber Channel Standard
FEA: Finite Element Analysis
FCS: First Customer Ship Engineering stress analysis with a computer (Software)
FCS: Frame Check Sequence FEA: Functional Entity Action
The standard 16-bit cyclic redundancy check used for
HDLC and frame relay frames. The FCS detects bit errors FEAR: False Emotions Appearing Real
occurring in the bits of the frame between the opening flag (Net lingo)
and the FCS (Communication)
FEBE: Far End Block Error
FD: Flat Display
FEC: Fast EtherChannel
(Hardware) (Sony)
(Hardware) (Cisco)
FD: Floppy Disk
FEC: Fetch Execute Cycle
FD: Full Duplex
FEC: Forward Error Correction
FDBMS: Federated Database Management Sending redundant data so that if data loss occurs, data
System recovery is possible without retransmission
(Databases) (Communication)

FDC: Floppy Disk Controller FECN: Forward Explicit Congestion


(Hardware) Notification
A bit sent by a frame relay network to notify an interface
FDCN: Financial Data Cast Network device (DTE) that congestion avoidance procedures should
FDCT: Forward Discrete Cosine Transform be initiated by the receiving device (Communication)
(Software) FED: Field Emitting Display
FDD: Floppy Disk Drive (Hardware)
(Hardware) FEFO: First-Ended, First-Out
FDDI: Fiber Digital Device Interface FEK: File Encryption Key
(Hardware) (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface FEM: Finite Elements Method
An emerging high-speed networking standard. The
underlying medium is fiber optics, and the topology is a
FEP: Front End Processor
dual-attached, counter-rotating token ring (Hardware) FEPI: Front End Programming Interface
FDDITPPMD: Fiber Distributed Data Interface FEPROM: Flash Erasable Programmable Read
Twisted Pair-Physical layer, Medium Only Memory
Dependent (Hardware)
FDE: Full Duplex Ethernet FER: Forward Error Correction
FDF: Forms Data Format FeRAM: FErroelectric Random Access Memory
(Adobe) (Hardware)
FDFS: File Descriptor File System FERC: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
A pseudo file system that provides explicit names for (Organizations)
opening files using file descriptors. (Operating systems)
FESDK: Far East Software Development Kit
FDI: Feeder Distribution Interface (Microsoft)
Similar to a DSLAM Cross-Connect box (Communication)

www.acronyms.ch Page 57 of 174


FET FMD

FET: Field-Effect Transistor FIOC: Frame Input/Output Controller


A type of transistor in which the flow of current between the
FIP: Facility Interface Processor
source and the drain is modulated by application of a
transverse electric field between two gate electrodes. FIP: File Processor Buffering
(Hardware)
FIPA: Foundation for Intelligent Physical
FF: Flip-Flop Agents
(Hardware) (Organizations)
FF: ForFait FIPS: Federal Information Processing
Used in online gaming (Games) Standard
The FIPS PUB is the National Bureau of Standards’ guide
FF: Form Feed
to the standards it issues.
A printer command that tells a printer to move to the top of
the next page. In the ASCII character set, the form-feed FIR: Fast InfraRed
character has the decimal value 12. Also known as the
FIR: Finite Impulse Response
page eject character.
F FIRST: ForschungsInstitut fër
FF: Friendly Fire
Rechnerarchitektur und SoftwareTechnik
Used in online First Person Shooter (FPS) games (Games)
FIRST: Forum of Incident Response and
FFA: Free For All
Security Teams
FFDC: First Failure Data Capture
FIS: Frontline Information System
(IBM)
FIST: ForschungsInstitut für
FFI: Foreign Function Interface
Rechnerarchitektur und SoftwareTechnik
A facility make calls from one computer language to
another (Software) FITS: Flexible Image Transport System
FFIF: File Format for Internet Fax FIU: Fingerprint Identification Unit
(Hardware)
FFJ: Forte For Java
Java integrated development environment (IDE) (Software) FIX: Federal Internet eXchange
(Sun)
FK: Foreign Key
FFOL: Fddi Follow-On-LAN (Databases)
FFS: Fast FileSystem FL: Fiberoptic Link
FFS: Fast Filing System FLA: Five Letters Acronym
FFS: For F***'s Sake FLA: Four Letters Acronym
(Net lingo) FLAC: FLorida Automatic Computer
FFST: First Failure Support Technology Early 1950's digital computer used at Cape Canaveral
(IBM) FLACC: Full Level Algol Checkout Compiler
FFT: Fast Fourier Transform FLAG: Fiber-optic Link Around the Globe
FFT: Final Form Text (Network)
(IBM)
FLC: Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal
FG: Floating Gate FLD: FieLD
FGREP: Fixed Global Regular Expression Print FLEA: Four Letter Extended Acronym
FH: Frequency Hopping FLGA: Fine Land Grid Array
(Communication)
Integrated circuit (IC) packaging that uses small flat
FHS: Fan Heat-Sink contacts versus pins (Hardware)

FHS: File Hierarchy Standard FLL: Foxpro Link Library


(Operating systems) (Microsoft)

FHSS: Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum FLOPS: FLoating-point Operations Per Second
(Communication) A measure of the speed at which a computer can operate.
(Hardware)
FIA: File Integrity Assessment
FLTK: Fast Light Toolkit
FIB: Forwarding Information Base
Pronounced "fulltick", is a cross-platform C++ GUI toolkit
FICON: FIber CONnection for UNIX/Linux (X11), Microsoft Windows® and MacOS X.
(IBM) FLTK provides modern GUI functionality without the bloat
and supports 3D graphics via OpenGL and its built-in
FID: Filtering IDentifier GLUT emulation (Software)
(Communication)
FM: Fault Management
FIF: Fractal Image Format A series of information flows at the physical and ATM layer
FIFO: First In First Out designed to identify the location and cause of a fault within
the network (Communication)
(Hardware)
FIFOFS: First In First Out File System FM: Frequency Modulation
Named pipe files that give processes common access to FMA: Fused Multiply-Add
data. (Operating systems) CPU instruction type
FILO: First In Last Out FMD: Fluorescent Multilayer Disk
FIN: Functional Identification Number (Hardware)

Page 58 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


FMD-ROM FPM

FMD-ROM: Fluorescent Multilayer Disk - Read FOP: Formatting Objects Processor


Only Memory Output-independent print formatter driven by XSL
(Hardware) formatting objects. It is a Java application that reads a
formatting object tree and then renders the resulting pages
FMH: Function Management Header to a specified output. See http://xml.apache.org/fop/
FMRI: Functional Magnetic Resonance (Software)
Imaging FOR: FORtran
FMS: File Management System File name extension

FMS: Flash Media Server FORTRAN: FORmula TRANsactor


(Software) (Adobe) Programming language

FMT: ForMaT FOSE: Federal Office Systems Exposition


FMV: Full Motion Video FOSI: Format Option Specification Instance
FN: FunctioN FOSSIL: Fido/Opus/Seadog Standard
Interface Layer
F
FNC: Federal Networking Council
The body responsible for coordinating networking needs FOT: Fiber Optic Transceiver
among U.S. federal agencies. (Organizations) FOX: Field Operational X.500
FNC: Frogans Network Certificate FP: Floating Point
See http://www.frogans.com/ (Software)
FP: Foundation Profile
FNI: File Not Identified (Software)
Used primarily for software scanning applications (asset
management) (Software) FP: Frame Pointer
Processor register (Hardware)
FNS: Frogans Network System
See http://www.frogans.com/ (Software) FPA: Floating Point Accelerator
A device (board or integrated circuit - IC) that speeds up
FNSL: Frogans Network System Language floating-point calculations. (Hardware)
See http://www.frogans.com/ (Software)
FPA: Function Point Analysis
FNT: FoNT A method used to determine the complexity of a program
File name extension (Software)
FO: F*** Off FPC: Floating Point Calculation
(Net lingo)
FPC: Floating Point Coprocessor
FO: Fiber Optic
FPCE: Floating-Point C Extension
FO: Formatting Object Specification
FOA: Formatted Object Authoring FPD: Flat Panel Display
Java application that gives users a graphical interface to (Hardware)
author XSL-FO stylesheets. With FOA you can generate
pages and page sequences, and fill them with content FPD: Full Page Display
provided from one or more XML files (Software) (Hardware)

FOAD: F*** Off And Die FPDU: Ftam Protocol Data Unit
(Net lingo)
FPE: Floating Point Engine
FOC: Fiber Optic Cable FPGA: Field Programmable Gate Array
FOCUS: FOrum of Control data USers An integrated circuit containing an array of logic circuits in
which the connections between the individual circuits can
FOD: Fax On Demand be programmed after manufacture, typically at the time of
FOD: Flexible Optical Disk installation (in the field). (Hardware)

FOG: First Osborne Group FPI: Floating-Point Interface


FOIP: Fax Over Internet Protocol FPI: Formal Public Identifier
FOIRL: Fiber Optic Inter Repeater Link FPIM: Fax Profile for Internet Messaging
Defines how fax messages can be encoded as SMTP/MIME
FOLDOC: Free On-Line Dictionary Of messages (Communication)
Computing
FPLA: Field Programmable Logic Array
FOLED: Flexible Organic Light Emitting Diode
An array of logic elements. Its interconnections are
(Hardware) programmable after manufacture (Hardware)
FOMAU: Fiber Optic Media Access Unit FPLMTS: Future Public Land Mobile
FON: Fiber Optics Network Telecommunications System
FON: FONt FPLS: Field Programmable Logic Sequencer
File name extension (Hardware)

FOOBAR: Ftp Operation Over Big Address FPM: Fast Packet Multiplexing
Records A multiplexing technique that sends data packets over the
network and requires error detection/correction only at the
FOOT: Forum for Object Oriented Technology destination node (Communication)
FPM: Fast Page Mode
(Hardware)

www.acronyms.ch Page 59 of 174


FPMPMI FSS

FPMPMI: Flat Panel Monitor Physical FRS: File Replication Service


Mounting Interface (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
(Hardware)
FRS: Flexible Route Selection
FPNW: File and Print services for NetWare
FRSM: Frame Relay Service Module
(Operating systems)
(Network) (Cisco)
FPO: Frame Pointer Omission
FRU: Field-Replaceable Unit
Technique that gives a debugger enough information to find
An assembly replaced in its entirety when any one of its
the next function information on the stack without using
components fails. (Hardware)
frame pointers (Software)
FRUNI: Frame Relay User Network Interface
FPP: Fixed Path Protocol
(Network)
FPP: Floating Point Processor
FS: File Separator
FPR: Floating-Point Register
FS: File System
F FPS: Fast Packet Switching
FS: Frame Status
FPS: Favorite Picture Selection
FS: Free Software
FPS: First Person Shooter (Software)
Game genre (Games)
FSA: Fluidic Self-Assembly
fps: Frames Per Second LCD manufacturing technology (Hardware)
Motion images reproduction speed
FSAA: Full-Scene Anti-Aliasing
FPSE: FrontPage Server Extensions (Hardware)
(Software) (Microsoft)
FSAG: Free Software Association of Germany
FPT: Forced Perfect Termination
FSAM: Federated Storage Area Management
FPU: Floating-Point Unit A naturally scalable environment of pooled, federated (i.e.,
(Hardware) available when needed), modular, multivendor storage
resources (HP)
FPX: FlashPiX
Filename extension (Kodak) FSB: Front Side Bus
The bus within a microprocessor that connects the CPU
FQDN: Fully Qualified Domain Name
with main memory (Hardware)
(Network)
FSCK: File System Consistency checK
FRAD: Frame Relay Access Device
FSD: File System Driver
FRAD: Frame Relay Assembler/Disassembler
(Operating systems)
FRAG: FRAGment
FSDL: Frogans Slide Description Language
FRAM: Ferroelectric Random-Access Memory See http://www.frogans.com/ (Software)
FRAP: Frame Relay Access Probe FSE: Full Screen Editor
(Network)
FSF: Free Software Foundation
FRC: Frame Rate Control (Organizations)
(Hardware)
FSIOP: File System Input/Output Processor
FRC: Functional Redundancy Checking (Hardware)
FRED: Fair Random Early Detection FSK: Frequency-Shift Keying
A variation of Random Early Detection (RED) (Network) (Communication)
FRED: FRame EDitor FSL: Function Selection via the Line
FRED: FRont-End to Dish Created by I-Data to support special printing needs

FRF: Floating point Register File FSM: Finite-State Machine

FRF: Frame Relay Forum FSMO: Flexible Single Master Operation


An association of corporate members consisting of (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
vendors, carriers, users and consultants committed to the FSN: Full Service Network
implementation of Frame Relay in accordance with national
and international standards (Organizations) FSP: Fax Service Provider
FRICC: Federal Research Internet FSP: File Service Protocol
Coordinating Committee FSP: Full Service Provider
Now replaced by the Federal Networking Council (FNC).
(Organizations) FSQ: Flow Service Quality

FRL: Frame Representation Language FSR: Free System Resources

FRM: Forward Resource Management FSR: Full Scale Range

FRPI: Flux Reversals Per Inch FSS: Fast System Switch

FRR: Functional Recovery Routine FSS: Field Support Service


A group of technical engineers providing short-term
FRS: Family Radio Service assistance and product knowledge to customers that are
Wireless communication and networking service deploying, developing, and maintaining Lotus environments
(Communication) (Lotus)
FRS: File Record Segment

Page 60 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


FST GAN

FST: Finite State Technology FUUG: Finnish Unix User Group


(Software) (Organizations)

FST: Flat Square Tube FVT: Full Video Translation


(Hardware)
FW: FirmWare
FST: French Summer Time FWH: Firmware Hub
Timezone: GMT +1:00
(Hardware) (Intel)
FSTN: Film-compensated SuperTwisted FWIW: For What It's Worth
Nematic (Net lingo)
LCD display technology (Hardware)
FWT: French Winter Time
FT: Fault Tolerant
Timezone: GMT +1:00
FT: Field Test
FWTK: FireWall ToolKit
FTA: Floptical Technology Association (Security)
FTAM: File Transfer Access and Management
F
FX: eFfeCTS
The International Organization for Standardization's Open Multimedia - audio/video editing and processing
Systems Interconnection (OSI) remote file service and
FXO: Foreign eXchange Office
G
protocol. (Network)
An FXO interface connects to the Public Switched
FTAM: File Transfer and Access Method Telephone Network's (PSTN) central office and is the
FTC: Federal Trade Commission interface offered on a standard telephone (Hardware)
(Organizations) FXP: File eXchange Protocol
FTE: Fault-Tolerant Ethernet FXS: Foreign eXchange Station
(Network) An FXS interface connects directly to a standard telephone
and supplies ring, voltage, and dial tone (Hardware)
FTFM: F*** The F***ing Manual
(Net lingo) FXU: FiXed point Unit
FTL: Flash Transition Layer FY: Financial Year
(Intel) FY: Fiscal Year
FTL: For The Loss FYI: For Your Information
(Net lingo) (Net lingo)
FTM: Flat Tension Mask
FTOS: File Transfer Osi Support G
FTP: File Transfer Protocol G: Giga
The Internet protocol (and program) used to transfer files Prefix for 10 power 9 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 30)
between hosts. (Network) G.SHDSL: Giga Single-pair High bit rate
FTP: Foiled Twisted Pair Digital Subscriber Line
(Communication)
FTPD: File Transfer Protocol Daemon
G/L: General Ledger
FTR: Full Text Retrieval
G2G: Got To Go
FTS: Federal Telecommunication System
(Net lingo)
FTS: Fidonet Technical Standard
G2H: Gilat-To-Home
FTS: Full Text Search Two-way broadband satellite access
FTSC: Fidonet Technical Standard Conference G4U: Good For yoU
FTTB: Fiber To The Basement (Net lingo)

FTTC: Fiber To The Curb GA: General Availability


FTTH: Fiber To The Home GAAP: Generally Accepted Accounting
(Communication) Principles

FTTN: Fiber To The Neighborghood GAC: Global Assembly Cache


Microsoft .NET assembly cache (Software) (Microsoft)
FTTP: Fiber To The Premise
(Network) GAIA: Gui Application Interoperability
Architecture
FTW: For The Win
(Net lingo) GAIN: German Advanced Integrated Network

FTX: Fault Tolerant uniX GAL: Generic Array Logic


(Hardware)
FUBAB: F***ed Up Beyond All Belief
(Net lingo) GAL: Global Address List

FUBAR: F***ed Up Beyond All Recognition GALPAT: GALlopping PATtern


(Net lingo) Memory test technique

FUD: Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt GALSA: Governed Architectures of Large


Systems of Agents
FUEL: Fatwire UpdateEngine Library
(Software)
GAM: Global Allocation Map
(Databases)
FUI: File Update Information
GAN: GALloping PATtern

www.acronyms.ch Page 61 of 174


GAN GFLOPS

GAN: Global Area Network GDD: Gesellschaft für Datenschutz und


(Network) Datensicherung
GAP: Generic Access Profile GDDM: Graphical Data Display Manager
(Software)
GAPI: Gateway Application Programming
Interface GDDR: Graphics Double Data Rate
GARO: Graphics Art language with Raster A type of DDR SDRAM memory designed to keep up with
the heavy demands of graphics processing. While
Operations
consuming less power compared to standard DDR memory,
Printer language (Canon)
the clock speed and bandwidth are adjusted to further
GARP: Generic Attribute Registration Protocol excel in graphics tasks (Hardware)
(Communication) GDG: Generation Data Group
GART: Graphic Address Remapping Table (IBM)
(Hardware) GDI: Graphics Device Interface
GATT: Graphics Address Translation Table (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

Gb: GigaBit GDLC: Generic Data Link Control


G GB: GigaByte
(IBM)

1024 megabytes GDMO: Guidelines for the Definition of


Managed Objects
GBDE: Geom Based Disk Encryption
Strong cryptographic facility for denying unauthorised GDOS: Graphics Device Operating System
access to data stored on a "cold" disk for decades and GDP: Graphic Draw Primitive
longer. GBDE operates on the disk(-partition) level
allowing any type of file system or database to be GDS: General Data Stream
protected (Operating systems) GDS: Global Directory Service
GBIC: GigaBit Interface Converter GDS: Global Document Storage
A transceiver that converts between electrical and optical
(Software)
signals for high-speed networking (Hardware)
GDT: Geometric Dimensioning and
GBP: Group Buffer Pool
Tolerancing
(Databases)
GDT: Global Descriptor Table
Gbps: Giga Bits Per Second
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
Transfer Speed (Communication)
GDT: Graphics Development Toolkit
GBps: Giga Bytes Per Second
Transfer Speed (Communication) GE: Greater than or Equal
(Software)
GC: Global Catalog
Active directory's caching system (Operating systems) GEAR: Gigabyte Enhanced Agp Riser
Used to provide AGP support for PCI-E motherboards
GC: Graphics Context (Hardware)
The storage of various information for graphics output,
such as foreground pixel, background pixel, line width, GECOS: General Electric Comprehensive
clipping region, and so on. (Operating systems) Operating System
GCA: General Communications Architecture GEF: Graphical Editor Framework
Allows developers to take an existing application model
GCC: Gnu C Compiler and easily create a rich graphical editor (Software)
(Software)
GEIS: General Electric Information Service
GCCD: Glass-passivated Ceramic Chip Diode
GEM: Global Enterprise Manager
GCL: Graphics Command Language
GEM: Grain Equalization and Management
GCOS: General Comprehensive Operating Film scanner technology
System
GEM: Graphics Environment Manager
GCR: Group Coded Recording (Software) (Digital Research)
(Hardware)
GENIE: General Electric Network for
GCRA: Generic Cell Rate Algorithm Information Exchange
GCS: Group Control System GEO: Geosynchronous Earth Orbit
GD: God Damn GEOS: Graphic Environment Operating System
(Net lingo)
GET: Get Execute Trigger
GDA: Global Data Area
GFC: Generic Flow Control
GDA: Global Directory Agent
(Communication)
GDA: Gnome Data Access GFDL: Gnu Free Documentation License
GDAP: Government Document Application (GNU)
Profile
GFI: General Format Identifier
GDB: Gnu DeBugger
GFI: Ground-Fault Interceptor
(Software)
GFLOPS: Giga FLoating point Operations per
GDBM: Gnu DataBase Manager Second
Processing speed

Page 62 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


GFP GOAD

GFP: Global Functional Plane GIS: Global Information Solutions


(AT&T)
GFS: Grandfather, Father, Son
Backup methodology GIX: Global Internet eXchange
GFSK: Gaussian Frequency-Shift Keying GJ: Good Job
GFTD: Gone For The Day (Net lingo)
(Net lingo) GKMP: Group Key Management Protocol
GFU: Good For yoU (Security)
(Net lingo) GKS: Graphical Kernel System
An international standard 2-D graphics library consisting
GFY: Go Fuck Yourself
of a set of defined graphic primitives and a tool set for
(Net lingo)
application developers.
GFY: Good For You GL: Graphics Language
(Net lingo)
(Software)
GG: Good Game GLA: Good Luck All
Said during online play (Games)
Used in online gaming (Games)
GGP: Gateway to Gateway Protocol
G
GLIS: Global Land Information System
GGP: Gotta Go Pee
GLM: General Linear Models
(Net lingo)
GLOBE: Global Learning by Observations to
GGSN: Gateway Gprs Support Node Benefit the Environment
Gateway between the GPRS network and public data
networks such as IP and X.25. GGSNs also connect to GLTY: Good Luck To You
other GPRS networks to facilitate GPRS roaming (Net lingo)
(Communication)
GLUT: openGL Utility Toolkit
GH: Getting Hard Is a window system independent toolkit for writing OpenGL
(Net lingo) programs. It implements a simple windowing application
programming interface (API) for OpenGL (Software)
GHTSTN: Guest Host Technique SuperTwisted
Nematic GLY: GLossarY
File name extension (Microsoft)
GHz: GigaHertZ
GM: General Midi
GI: Gesellschaft für Informatik
GMCH: Graphics and Memory Controller Hub
GIAC: Global Information Assurance
(Hardware) (Intel)
Certification
Certification programs designed to serve the people who GMDI: Gigabit Media-Dependent Interface
are or will be responsible for managing and protecting
GMI: Generic Management Information
important information systems and networks. See also
http://www.giac.org/ GMII: Gigabit Media Independent Interface
GiB: GibIByte (Network)
Unit of measurement, introduced by the International GML: Generalized Markup Language
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024
MiB
GMP: Global Mobile Professional

GID: Group IDentifier GMR: Giant Magneto-Resistive


Hard disk head technology (Hardware)
The number used by the system to control access to
accounts owned by other users. (Operating systems) GMRAE: Geometric Mean Relative Absolute
GIF: Graphical Interchange Format Error
File format for bitmapped images (CompuServe) GMRP: Garp Multicast Registration Protocol
It allows a device to declare membership of a Layer 2
GIGO: Garbage In, Garbage Out
multicast group
GII: Global Information Infrastructure
GMS: Global Management System
GILS: Government Information Locator
GMS: Global Messaging Service
Service
(Novell)
GIMP: Gnu Image Manipulation Program
GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
Freely distributed piece of software suitable for such tasks
as photo retouching, image composition and image Also called UTC
authoring. See www.gimp.org (Software) GMTA: Great Minds Think Alike
GIMPS: Great Internet Mersenne Prime (Net lingo)
Search GNA: Global Network Academy
GINA: Graphical Identification aNd GND: GrouND
Authentication (Hardware)
GIOP: General Inter-Orb Protocol GNN: Global Network Navigator
Gips: Giga Instructions Per Second (Network)

GIS: Geographic Information System GNOME: Gnu Network Object Model


A graphic application using a database of specialized Environment
information, such as geographical and demographic data.
GNU: Gnu's Not Unix
(Software)
GOAD: Gnome Object Activation Directory

www.acronyms.ch Page 63 of 174


GOCA GT

GOCA: Graphic Object Content Architecture GRASP: General Responsibility Assignment


Software Patterns
GOD: Global OutDial
(Software)
GOLP: Government Open License Program
GRE: Generic Routing Encapsulation
The Microsoft Government Open License Program is
designed to provide a simple volume-licensing solution and Protocol for encapsulation of an arbitrary network layer
is a cost-effective way for qualified government entities protocol over another arbitrary network layer protocol
needing as few as five licenses to purchase software (Network)
(Software) (Microsoft) GRE: GRaphics Engine
GOSIP: Government Open Systems GREP: Global Regular Expression Print
Interconnection Profile
GRIC: Global Reach Internet Connection
GP: Gas Plasma (Communication)
GP: General Purpose GRINS: GRaphical INterface to Smil
GP: Gold Plated gRMS: G Root Mean Square
(Hardware) Measurement unit used to quantify a vibration; "g" is the
GPC: General-Purpose Computation gravitational acceleration constant (Hardware)
G
GPC: Graphics Performance Characterization GRP: Group
File name extension
GPCI: Graphics Processor Command Interface
GRS: General Retention Schedule
GPE: Graphics Picture Enhancement
Length of time archived data is to be kept in an archive
(Hardware) (Sony) database
GPF: General Protection Fault GRUB: GRand Unified Bootloader
Common error in 16-bits Windows (Software) (Microsoft) (Operating systems)
GPFS: General Parallel File System GS: General Synthesis
(Operating systems) (IBM)
(Hardware) (Roland)
GPI: Graphics Programming Interface GS: Group Separator
(Software)
GSDS: Genealogy Software Distribution
GPIB: General Purpose Interface Bus System
Bus architecture (Hardware)
GSE: Giac Security Expert
GPIO: General Purpose Input Output
GSI: General Server Interface
GPL: General Public License
(GNU)
GSI: Grid Security Infrastructure

GPL: Graphics Programming Language GSM: Global Shared Memory


GSM: Global System for Mobile
GPM: Group Policy Manager
communications
(Operating systems)
(Communication)
GPO: Group Policy Object
(Operating systems)
GSMP: General Switch Management Protocol
(Network)
GPP: Generic Packetized Protocol
GSNW: Gateway Service for NetWare
GPR: General Purpose Register (Microsoft)
(Hardware)
GSP: Generic Server Passer
GPRC: Glass Passivated Rectifier Chip
GSP: Global Service Provider
GPRS: General Packet Radio Service
(Communication)
GSR: Gigabit Switch Router
(Hardware)
GPS: Global Positioning System
GSS: Generic Security Service
GPS: Global Product Specification
GSSAP: Generic Security Service Application
GPSI: Graphics Processor Software Interface Protocol
GPSS: General Purpose Simulation System (Security)

GPT: Guid Partition Table GSSAPI: Generic Security Services


(Operating systems) (Microsoft) Application Programming Interface
(Software)
GPU: Graphics Processing Unit
(Hardware) GSSM: General Service Subscription
Management
GPV: General Public Virus For managing value added services in mobile/cellular
GQL: Graphical Query Language networks (Communication)

GQoS: Generic Quality of Service GSTN: General Switched Telephone Network


(Network) GSTS: Ground-based Surveillance and
GRADD: GRaphics Adapter Device Driver Tracking System
(IBM) GT: Greater Than
GRAM: Global Resource Allocation Manager (Software)

Page 64 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


GTD HCSS

GTD: Getting Things Done H/PC: Hand-held Personal Computer


Software systems that implement David Allen's "Getting (Hardware)
Things Done" methodology (Software)
H/V: Horizontal/Vertical
GTDM: Group Time Division Multiplexing
H/W: HardWare
GTE: General Telephone Electronics
HA: Header Authentication
GTF: Generalized Timing Format
HA: High Availability
GTFO: Get The F**k Out
HA: Home Agent
To ask someone to leave now (Net lingo)
Component for mobile IP applications that run on home or
GTG: Got To Go private networks (Network)
(Net lingo) HACMP: High Availability Cluster Multi-
GTK: Gimp ToolKit Processing
Set of libraries to create graphical user interfaces. It has a (IBM)
C-based object-oriented architecture that allows for
HACN: Home Agent Control Node
maximum flexibility (Software) (GNU)
(Network)
GTL: Gunning Transceiver Logic
HAD: Holographic Autostereoscopic Display
G
gTLD: Generic Top Level Domain Simple conversion of LCD technology, replacing the LCD's
(Network) backlight with an HOE (holographic optical element) H
(Hardware)
GTM: Gnome Transfer Manager
GTO: Guide To Operations HAGEO: High Availability GEOgraphic cluster
(Software) (IBM)
(IBM)
GTP: Geometry Theorem Prover HAI: Hardware Accelerator Interface
(Hardware)
GTS: Generic Traffic Shaping
HAL: Hard Array Logic
(Cisco)
HAL: Hardware Abstraction Layer
GUI: Graphical User Interface
The pictorial point of interaction between you and the HAL: Heuristically Programmed Algorithmic
computer and its special applications, usually with a Computer
mouse or other selection device. (Operating systems)
HAL: Home Automated Living
GUID: Globally Unique IDentifier
HAL: House-programmed Array Logic
GUIDE: Graphical User Interface Design
HALO: High Altitude Long Operation
Editor
Communication aircraft (Communication)
GUUG: German Unix User Group
HAND: Have A Nice Day
GVPN: Global Virtual Private Network (Net lingo)
(Network)
HAP: Host Access Protocol
GVT: Global Virtual Time
HAS: Home Automation System
GVU: Graphic, Visualization, and Usability
HASP: Houston Automatic Spooling Priority
GWAPI: Go Webserver Application
Programming Interface HAT: Hashed Address Table
(Software) (Lotus) HAT: Heap Analysis Tool
Tool for tracking down heap problems in Java programs
GWART: GateWay Address Routing Table
(Software) (Sun)
GW-BASIC: Gee Whiz Beginners All-purpose
HAWK: Hostile Activity Watch Kernel
Symbolic Instruction Code
HBA: Host Bus Adapter
GWE: Global Write Enabled
A controller board connecting the I/O expansion bus to the
(Hardware)
SCSI subsystem. (Hardware)
GWES: Graphics, Windowing and Events
HBCI: Home Banking Computer Interface
Subsystem
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) HBI: Horizontal Blanking Interval
(Hardware)
GWIA: GroupWare Internet Agent
(Novell) HCA: Hich-Contrast Addressing
(Hardware) (Sharp)
GWT: Google Web Toolkit
Open source Java software development framework that HCG: High-Contrast Addressing
makes writing AJAX applications like Google Maps and HCI: Host Controller Interface
Gmail easy for developers who don't speak browser quirks
BlueTooth technology (Communication)
as a second language (Software)
HCL: Hardware Compatibility List
H HCL: Host Control Links
H: Header HCR: Huffman Codeword Reordering
File name extension MPEG-4 Audio Error Resilience (ER) technique that avoids
error propagation within spectral data
H&J: Hyphenation And Justification
(Software) HCSDS: High-Capacity Satellite Digital Service
HCSS: High Capacity Storage System

www.acronyms.ch Page 65 of 174


HCTDS HIDS

HCTDS: High-Capacity Terrestrial Digital HDSM: Heterogeneous Distributed Shared


Service Memory
(Hardware)
HCU: Home Computer User
HD: Hard Disk HDSS: Holographic Data Storage System
(Hardware) HDT: Hawaii Daylight Time
HD: High Definition Timezone: GMT -10:00

HD: High Density HDT: Host Digital Terminal

HDA: Head Disk Assembly HDTP: Handheld Device Transport Protocol


(Communication)
HDB3: High-Density Bipolar 3
(Communication)
HDTS: High Density Thumb Screw
SCSI connector with manually screwable screws
HDC: Hard Disk Controller (Hardware) (HP)
HDC: High Dependability Computing HDTV: High-Definition TeleVision
HD-CD: High Definition Compact Disk (Hardware)

HDCP: High-Definition Content Protection HDVD: High Definition Volumetric Display


Specification developed by the Intel Corporation to control HDW: HarDWare
digital audio and video content as it travels across Digital
H Visual Interface (DVI) or High Definition Multimedia HDx: Half DupleX
Interface (HDMI) connections (Communication)

HDD: Hard Disk Drive HE-AAC: High Efficiency Advanced Audio


(Hardware) Coding
Lossy data compression scheme for streaming audio. It
HDDL: High-level Dialogue Definition
combines three techniques: Advanced Audio Coding
Language (AAC), Spectral Band Replication (SBR), and Parametric
(Software) (Philips) Stereo (PS)
HD-DVD: High Definition Digital Video (or HEC: Header Error Check
Versatile) Disk (Communication)
(Hardware)
HEL: Hardware Emulation Layer
HDF: Hierarchical Data Format
HEP: Horizontal Enterprise Portal
HDH: Hdlc Distant Host
HEPNET: High Energy Physics NETwork
HDI: Head to Disk Interference
HES: Home Entertainment System
HDI: Hoops Device Interface (Hardware)
HDL: Hardware Description Language HEX: HEXadecimal
HDLC: High-level Data-Link Control HF: High Frequency
A generic link-level communications protocol developed by
the International Standards Organization. HDLC manages HF: Human Factors
synchronous, code-transparent, serial information transfer HFC: Hybrid Fiber-Coaxial
over a link connection (Communication) (Hardware)
HDLP: High-Level Data Link Protocol HFEP: Host - Front End Protocol
HDM: Hardware Device Module (Network)
(Hardware) HFS: Hierarchical File System
HDMI: High-Definition Multimedia Interface (Operating systems) (Apple)
See http://www.hdmi.org/ (Hardware) HFT: High Function Terminal
HDML: Handheld Device Markup Language (IBM)

HDMOS: High Density Metal Oxide HFT: Host Function Table


Semiconductor (Software)

HDP: Hard Disk Password HGA: Hercules Graphics Adapter


(Security)
HGC: Hercules Graphics Card
HDR: HeaDeR (Hardware)
HDR: High Data Rate HGCP: Hercules Graphics Card Plus
(Communication)
HGML: Hyper Graphics Markup Language
HDR: High Dynamic Range HHT: Hand-Held Terminal
HDR: Host Data Replicator Hand-held programming terminal to communicate with a
(Databases) programmable logic controller (PLC) on the fly (Hardware)

HD-ROM: High Density Read Only Memory HIC: Hybrid Integrated Circuit
(Hardware) HID: High-Intensity Discharge
HDSC: High Density Signal Carrier Light bulb technology used mainly in projectors (Hardware)
(DEC) HID: Human Interface Device
HDSL: High bit rate Digital Subscriber Line (Hardware)
(Communication) HIDS: Host-based Intrusion Detection System
(Security)

Page 66 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


HIF HP-AS

HIF: Hyper-g Interchange Format HMD: Head Mounted Display


File name extension
HMFIC: Head Mother Fucker in Charge
HiFD: HIgh-capacity Floppy Disk Another name for the boss (Net lingo)
(Hardware) (Sony)
HMI: Host Micro Interface
HIFI: Hypertext Interface For Information (CompuServe)
HIL: Human Interface Link HMI: Html Mail Interface
(HP) (Microsoft)
HIMEM: HIgh MEMory HMI: Human-Machine Interface
HIP: Hardware Instrumentation Package HMM: Hidden Markov Model
(Hardware) HMMP: HyperMedia Management Protocol
HIPERLAN: HIgh-PErformance Radio Local HMMU: Hardware Memory Management Unit
Area Network (Hardware)
(Network)
HMOS: High performance Metal Oxide
HIPPI: HIgh Performance Parallel Interface Semiconductor
(Hardware)
HMP: Host Monitoring Protocol
HIRD: Hurd of Interfaces Representing Depth
(Operating systems) (GNU) H-MUX: Hybrid MUltipleXer H
HITS: Hypertext-Induced Topic Search HNET: Holographic NEural Technology

HJB: HotJava Browser HNP: Host Negotiation Protocol


(Hardware)
(Sun)
HKCC: HKey_Current_Config HOAP: Humanoid for Open Architecture
Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
Platform

HKCR: HKey_Classes_Root HOAS: Hold On A Second


(Net lingo)
Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
HKCU: HKey_Current_User HOB: High-Order Byte
Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft) HOD: Host-On-Demand
HKDD: HKey_Dyn_Data HO-DSP: Higher Order Domain-Specific Part
Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Network)
HKLM: HKey_Local_Machine HOE: Holographic Optical Element
Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Hardware)
HKU: HKey_Users HOL: High Order Language
Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
HOLAP: Hybrid On-Line OnLine Analytical
HLB: Horny Little Bastard Processing
(Net lingo)
HOOPS: Hierachical Object Orientated Picture
HLCO: High Low Close Open System
HLD: Height, Length, Depth HOPS: Hierarchical Object Orientated Picture
System
HLHSR: Hidden-Line, Hidden-Surface Removal
HOSED: Hardware Or Software Error Detected
HLL: High-Level Language
General error not yet diagnosed. If ignored, progressed to
(Software)
SNAFU and then FUBAR (Net lingo)
HLLAPI: High-Level Language Application HOTT: Hot Off The Tree
Programming Interface Electronic newsletter
(Software)
HOTW: Hot Off The Web
HLP: HeLP
Web organizer (Software)
File name extension
HOTW: Hot Off The Wire
HLQ: High Level Qualifier
HOV: High Occupancy Vehicle
HLR: Home Location Register
HP: Hewlett-Packard
HLS: Hue, Luminance, Saturation
Color model HP: HoneyPot
An Internet-attached server that acts as a decoy, luring in
HLSL: High-Level Shading Language potential hackers in order to study their activities and
DirectX 9 feature that abstracts low-level details such as monitor how they are able to break into a system (Security)
register allocation, register read-port limits, instruction co-
issuing and so on (Games) (Microsoft) HP/UX: Hewlett-Packard UniX
(Operating systems) (HP)
HLT: HaLT
HPA: High Performance Addressing
HMA: High Memory Area
Method to access the first 64kB segment above the 1MB HPAS: Hypermedia Presentation and
boundary in DOS/Windows 16-bits (Microsoft) Authoring System
HMA: Hub Management Architecture HP-AS: Hewlett-Packard Application Server
(HP)
HMC: Highspeed Memory Controller

www.acronyms.ch Page 67 of 174


HPB HSV

HPB: High Ping Bastard HRAA: High Resolution Anti Aliasing


Network multiplayer games attribute (Software) Technology found in the nVidia GeForce3 Chip (Hardware)
(nVidia)
HPC: High-Performance Computing
HRAD: Hosted Rapid Application Development
HPCA: High Performance Computer
Architecture HRC: Hybrid Ring Control
(Hardware) HREF: Hypertext REFerence
HPCC: High-Performance Computing and HRG: High Resolution Graphics
Communications
HRIS: Human Resource Information System
HPDJ: Hewlett-Packard Desk Jet
HRMS: Human Resource Management System
HPF: High Performance Fortran
HRTF: Head-Related Transfer Function
HPFS: High Performance File System
(Operating systems) (IBM) HS: Heat Sink
(Hardware)
HPG: Hewlett-Packard Graphics
HS: High Speed
HPGL: Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language
Language to describe vector graphics (usually for plotters)
HSB: Hue, Saturation, Brightness
(Software) (HP) Color model
H HPIB: Hewlett Packard Interface Bus HSC: Help and Support Center
Is a version of GPIB (also known as IEEE.488) and was (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
used on Hewlett Packard (Now Aligent Technologies) lab HSC: Hierarchical Storage Controller
equipment. Early versions used a different connector
(Hardware) (HP) HSC: High Speed Channel
HP-IB: Hewlett-Packard Interface Bus HSCSD: High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data
(Hardware) (HP) For the Global System for Mobile (GSM) (Communication)

HP-IL: Hewlett-Packard Interface Loop HSD: High Speed Data


A serial communications interface, expecially for small HSF: Heat Sink and Fan
calculators, i.e. 41C (Communication) (HP)
Common combination of a fan attached to a heat sink that
HPLJ: Hewlett-Packard Laser Jet is placed in contact with a microprocessor that needs to be
cooled. (Hardware)
HPLT: High Productivity Languages/Tools
HSFS: High Sierra File System
HPNA: Home Phoneline Networking Alliance
(Operating systems)
(Organizations)
HSI: High Speed Interface
HPOFS: High Performance Optical File System
HSI: Hue, Saturation, Intensity
HPOM: Home Page Object Model
Color model
(Microsoft)
HSIL: Host Side Igmp Library
HPPA: Hewlett-Packard Precision Architecture
(Network) (Cisco)
HPPCL: Hewlett-Packard Printer Control HSL: High Speed Link
Language (IBM)
HPPE: High Performance Processing Element
HSL: Hue, Saturation, Luminance
(Hardware)
Color model (Hardware)
HPPI: High-Performance Peripheral Interface
HSLAN: High Speed Local Area Network
HPPN: Hewlett-Packard Proactive Notification
HSLN: High Speed Local Network
(HP)
HSM: Hierarchical Storage Management
HPR: High Performance Routing
(IBM) HSM: Hitachi System Manager
HPSA: High Parallel System Architecture HSMOS: High Speed Metal Oxide
(Hardware) Semiconductor

HPSB: High-Performance Serial Bus HSP: High Speed Printer


Also known as FireWire (Hardware) HSR: Horizontal Scan Rate
HPUX: Hewlett-Packard UniX (Hardware)

HP-VUE: Hewlett-Packard Visual User HSRP: Hot Standby Router Protocol


Environment (Network) (Cisco)

HPW: High Performance Workstation HSSDS: High Speed Switched Digital Service
(Sun) HSSI: High Speed Serial Interface
HQ: HeadQuarter HST: Hawaii Standard Time
HR: High-Rate Timezone: GMT -10:00
IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN access method HST: High Speed Technology
(Communication) (3Com)
HR: Horizontal Rule HST: HiSTory
HTML Tag
HST: HoST
HR: Human Resource
HSV: Hue, Saturation, Value

Page 68 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


HSYNC IAB

HSYNC: Horizontal SYNChronization HW: HardWare


(Hardware)
HWCP: HardWare Code Page
HT: Horizontal Tab HWD: Height, Width, Depth
HT: Hyper-Threading HWDM: Hyperfine Wavelength-Division
A technology started with Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor at Multiplexing
3.06 that enables the processor to execute two thread in
(Communication)
parallel, so the software can run more efficiently and the
user can multitask more effectively (Hardware) (Intel) HWG: Here We Go!
HT: HyperTransport Mostly used in online gaming (Games)
Technology is a high-speed, low latency, point-to-point HWIH: Here's What I Have
link designed to increase the communication speed (Net lingo)
between integrated circuits in computers, servers,
embedded systems, and networking and HYTEA: HYperText Environment for Authoring
telecommunications equipments up to 48 times faster Hz: HertZ
(Hardware) (AMD) Frequency measurement unit
HTA: HyperText Application
(Network) I
HTCPCP: Hyper Text Coffee Pot Control (ISC)2: International Information System
Protocol Security Certification Consortium H
(Network) (Organizations)
HTDM: Hybrid Time Division Multiplexing I: Italic I
HTH: Hope This Helps HTML tag
(Net lingo) I/F: InterFace
HTL: High Threshold Logic I/O: Input/Output
(Hardware) The equipment used to communicate with a computer, the
HTML: HyperText Markup Language data involved in that communication, the media carrying
the data, and the process of communicating that
A file format, based on SGML, for hypertext documents on
information
the Internet. It is simple and enables the embedding of
images, sounds, video streams, form fields, and basic text I/T: Integration/Transformation
formatting. Another name for Extract, Transform and Load (ETL)
HTPC: Home Theater Personal Computer (Databases)
(Hardware) I2: Internet 2
HTT: Hyper-Threading Technology (Network)
Implementation of simultaneous multithreading on Intel I2C: Intelligent Interface Controller
Pentium 4, Mobile Pentium 4, and Xeon processors (Intel) (Hardware)
HTTP: HyperText Transport (or Transfer) I2C: Inter-Integrated Circuit
Protocol 2-wire bus developed by Philips Semiconductors in the
The Internet protocol that fetches hypertext objects from early 1980's for efficient inter-IC communications. See
remote hosts. It is based on TCP/IP. http://www.semiconductors.philips.com/markets/mms/proto
cols/i2c/ (Hardware) (Philips)
HTTPD: HyperText Transfer Protocol Daemon
HTTP-NG: HyperText Transfer Protocol - Next I2-DSI: Internet 2-Distributed Storage
Generation Infrastructure
(Network)
HTTPS: HyperText Transport (or Transfer)
Protocol Secure I2O: Intelligent Input Output
The secure version of HTTP allowing transfer of encrypted I3: Innovation In Infrastructure
data
I4DL: Interface, Inheritance,
HTX: HTml eXtension Implementation, Installation Definition
HUD: Heads Up Display Language

HUMAN: High-speed Unlicensed Metropolitan IA: Illustrated Audio


Area Network Sound file format
(Network) IA: Information Appliance
HURD: Hird of Unix-Replacing Daemons (Hardware)
(Operating systems) (GNU) IA: Information Architecture
HURSE: Hasp Unit Record SErvice IA: Intel Architecture
To get a punch or print of your cards (Operating systems) (Hardware) (Intel)
(IBM)
IAA: Intel's Application Accelerator
HUT: Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope
IAB: Internet Activities Board
HVC: Hue, Value, Chroma The group that administrates the development of the
HVD: High Voltage Differential Internet suite of protocols (TCP/IP). The IAB has two
investigative task forces, the IRTF and the IETF. Now its
(Hardware)
called Internet Architecture Board (Organizations)
HVP: Horizontal and Vertical Position
HVS: Human Visual System

www.acronyms.ch Page 69 of 174


IAB ICC

IAB: Internet Architecture Board IBA: Intel Boot Agent


The new name of what was called Internet Activities Board (Intel)
(Organizations)
IBC: Instrument Bus Computer
IAC: InterApplication Communication
iBCS: Intel Binary Compatibility Specification
(Apple)
IBG: International Biometrics Group
IAC: Internet Application Component
(Security)
(Software)
IBIP: Information Based Indicia Program
IAD: Integrated Access Device
Bar code postage system
IAD: Intrusion-Aware Design
IBM: International Business Machines
(Security)
IBM-GL: International Business Machines
IADM: Internet Application Distribution
Graphics Language
Management
IBN: Integrated Business Network
IAEC: International Address Element Code
IBOC: In-Band, On-Channel
IAFA: Internet Anonymous Ftp Archives
(Network) IBTL: In Before The Lock
A cry made prior to an on-line moderator locking an
IAG: Instruction Address Generation inapproprate topic on in an on-line discussion forum (Net
IAHC: Internet Ad Hoc Committee lingo)
(Organizations) IBV: Information Behavior and Value
I IAI: Internet Application Integration IC: I See
IAK: Internet Access Kit (Net lingo)
(IBM) IC: Input Circuit
IAL: Intel Architecture Lab IC: Input Context
(Intel) An abstraction for representing the state of a particular
IAL: International Algebraic Language input thread for use with an input method. Multiple ICs can
be associated with an input method.
ALGOL was first called IAL
IALATFTTJH: I Am Laughing At The Funny IC: Integrated Circuit
Thing That Just Happend (Hardware)
An alternative to LOL used to represent humor (Net lingo) IC: Interexchange Carrier
IAM: Index Allocation Map (Communication)
(Databases) IC: Internet Connector
IAM: Internet Answering Machine (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
(Software) IC: Interrupt Controller
IANA: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority ICA: Independent Computing Architecture
IANAL: I Am Not A Lawyer ICA: Intelligent Communication Adapter
Standard disclaimer before dispensing legal advice (Net
ICA: Intelligent Console Architecture
lingo)
ICA: Intra-application Communications Area
IANW: International Academic NetWorkshops
ICALP: International Conference on
IAP: Internet Access Policy
Automata, Languages and Programming
IAP: Internet Access Provider
ICAN: Individual Customer Access Network
IARP: Inverse Address Resolution Protocol
ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned
(Network)
Names and Numbers
IAS: Information Access Service (Organizations)

IAS: Interactive Application System ICAP: Intenet Content Adaption Protocol


IAS: Internet Access Server (Network)
(Network) ICAP: Internet Calendar Access Protocol
IAS: Internet Authentication Service (Lotus)

IASS: Internet Alphaserver System Software ICAPI: Internet Connection server


(DEC)
Application Programming Interface
(Software) (IBM)
IAT: Import Address Table
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
ICAS: Intel Communicating Applications
Specifications
IAT: Information Access Technology
ICB: Internet Citizen's Band
IAT: Internet Appliance Toolkit
ICC: Integration Competency Center
(Network) (QNX)
(Software)
IAUG: International Aix User Group
ICC: Intelligent Communications Control
IAYF: Information At Your Fingertips
ICC: International Color Consortium
IB: Interface Builder (Organizations)
(Software) (Apple)

Page 70 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


ICCB ICSA

ICCB: Internet Configuration Control Board ICLID: Incoming Call Line IDentification
(Organizations)
ICM: Image Color Management
ICCC: InterClient Communication Convention (Software)
ICCCM: Inter-Client Communication ICM: Image Color Matching
Conventions Manual (Kodak)
The document that describes the conventions for the
ICM: InComing Message
communication between X clients. This includes such
conventions as client-to-client, client-to-window manager, ICM: Internet Call Manager
client-to-session manager, and color characterization
ICMC: International Computer Music
communication. (Operating systems)
Conference
ICCD: International Conference on Computer
ICMF: Integrated Coupling Migration Facility
Design
ICCF: Interactive Computing and Control ICMP: Internet Control Message Protocol
Facility The protocol used that handles errors and control
messages at the Internet Protocol layer. For example, the
Program development and testing environment (Software)
ping command is an implementation of the ICMP. ICMP
(IBM)
occurs on the IP (network) level of the TCP/IP protocol
ICCP: Institute for the Certification of suite. (Communication)
Computing Professionals ICO: ICOn
ICCS: Integrated Communications Cabling File name extension
System iCOMP: Intel COmparative Microprocessor
ICD: Installable Client Driver Performance I
(Intel)
ICD: International Code Designator
ICDA: Integrated Cached Disk Array ICP: Image CoProcessor
(Hardware)
ICDL: International Computer Driving Licence
ICP: Independent Content Provider
The ICDL Foundation works to promote an International
certification of industry-standard computing skills. See (Network)
http://www.ecdl.com (Organizations) ICP: Integrated Channel Processor
ICDS: I-data Compressed Data Stream ICP: Intelligent Communication Protocol
An i-data/MPI Tech architected bi-directional host-to- (Network)
printer data stream that contains both data and controls.
ICDS is generated by EPM and PSS host applications ICP: Internet Cache Protocol
(Network)
ICE: Image Correction and Enhancement
Film scanner technology ICP: Internet Content Provider
ICE: In-Circuit Emulation ICP: Internet Control Pack
(Hardware) (Network) (Microsoft)

ICE: Information and Content Exchange ICQ: I Seek You


Protocol for use by content syndicators and their Communication program (Software)
subscribers. It focuses on automating content exchange
ICR: Intelligent Character Recognition
and reuse, both in traditional publishing contexts and in
business-to-business relationships iCRT: Intelligent Content Recognition
Technology
ICE: Integrated Computing Environment
ICS: Ibm Cabling System
ICE: Internal Consistency Evaluator
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) ICS: Implementation Conformance Statement
ICEM: Integrated Computer aided ICS: Incremental Change Synchronization
Engineering and Manufacturing A mechanism to monitor, export, and import changed items
(both hierarchy and content) between a database and an
ICES: Interference-Causing Equipment information store or between two information stores
Standard (Software) (Microsoft)
ICF: Integrated Catalog Facility ICS: Integrated Client Setup
ICF: Interactive Communication Facility ICS: Internet Caching System
(IBM) (Network)
ICF: Internet Connection Firewall ICS: Internet Conferencing System
(Security) (Microsoft) (Network)
ICH: I/o Controller Hub ICS: Internet Connection Sharing
(Hardware) (Intel) (Network) (Microsoft)
ICI: Image Component Information ICS: Intuitive Command Structure
ICI: Inter-Cpu Interrupt ICS: Iris Certificate Security
I-C-IT: Intelligent Control Interactive ICSA: International Computer Security
Technology Association
ICL: Industrial Code and Logic (Organizations)
Manufacturer ICSA: Internet Cellular Smart Access
ICL: Interface Clear

www.acronyms.ch Page 71 of 174


ICSAPI IDS

ICSAPI: Internet Connection Services IDE: Integrated Development Environment


Application Programming Interface (Software)

ICSC: Intelligent Channel/Storage Control IDE: Integrated Drive (or Device) Electronics
ICSE: International Conference on Software Bus architecture (Hardware)
Engineering IDE: Interactive Design and Engineering
ICSF: Internet Connection Sharing and IDE: Interface Design Enhancement
Firewall
IDEA: International Data Encryption
Makes it possible for home and small office users to create
Algorithm
and manage private networks in which multiple computers
share a single connection to the Internet (Operating IDEA: Internet Design, Engineering, and
systems) (Microsoft) Analysis notes
ICSW: Internet Connection Sharing Wizard IDEMA: International Disk drive Equipment
(Network) (Microsoft) and Materials Association
ICT: Information and Communications International not-for-profit trade association that
represents the Hard Disk Drive (HDD) industry and its
Technology
infrastructure. See also http://www.idema.org/
A broader definition of Information Technology (IT)
(Organizations)
including communications
IDEN: Integrated Data Enhanced Network
ICTSB: Information and Communications
(Network)
Technology Standards Board
Initiative from the three recognized European standards IDF: Intermediate Distribution Frame
I organizations with the participation of specification
IDFK: I Don't F***ing Know
providers as partners to co-ordinate specification
(Net lingo)
activities in the field of Information and Communications
Technologies (ICT) (Organizations) IDGA: International Game Developers
ICU: Instruction-Cache Unit Association
(Organizations)
ICU: Intel Configuration Utility
(Microsoft)
IDI: Initial Domain Identifier
(Network)
ICU: Interactive Chart Utility
IDIOT: Intrusion Detection In Our Time
ICU: Internet Communication Utilities Project to develop a new approach to efficient misuse
(Communication) detection methods. Its design made use of a new
ICU: Isa Configuration Utility classification of intrusion methods based on complexity of
matching and temporal characteristics (Security)
ICW: Internet Connection Wizard
(Software) (Microsoft)
IDIV: Integer DIVide

ID: IDentifier IDK: Internet Development Kit


(Software)
IDA: Inernational Database Association
(Organizations)
IDL: Interactive Data Language

IDA: Intelligent Drive Array IDL: Interface Definition Language


A language-independent way to describe a module
(Hardware)
interface (Software)
IDA: International Database Association
IDLE: International Date Line East
IDAPI: Independent Database Application Timezone: GMT +12:00
Programming Interface
(Software) (Borland)
IDLW: International Date Line West
Timezone: GMT -12:00
IDARS: Integrated Document Archive and
Retrieval System IDM: Integrated Document Management

IDAS: Interchange DAta Structure IDN: Internationalized Domain Name

IDBMS: Integrated DataBase Management IDNX: Integrated Digital Network eXchange


(IBM)
System
(Databases) IDP: Integrated Data Processing
IDC: Integrated Desktop Connector IDP: Internet Datagram Protocol
IDC: Inter-Device Communication IDPR: Inter-Domain Policy Routing protocol
IDC: International Data Corporation (Network)

IDC: Internet Data Center IDR: Intelligent Disaster Recovery


(Seagate)
IDC: Internet Database Connector
(Network) (Microsoft)
IDR: Intelligent Document Recognition

iDCT: Inverse Discrete Cosine Transform IDRAM: Integrated Dynamic Random Access
Memory
IDDD: International Distance Direct Dialing (Hardware)
(Communication)
IDRC: Improved Data Recording Capacity
IDDE: Integrated Development & Debugging (Hardware)
Environment
(Symantec)
IDS: Information Delivery System
IDS: Internal Directory System

Page 72 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


IDS IGP

IDS: Intrusion Detection System IFC: Internet Foundation Classes


(Security) (Software)

IDSL: Isdn Digital Subscriber Line IFCC: Internet Fraud Complaint Center
(Communication) (Organizations)
IDT: Integrated Device Technologies IFCM: Independent Flow Control Messages
(IDT)
IFD: Image File Directory
IDT: Interface Design Tool IFD: Information Flow Diagram
IDT: Interrupt Descriptor Table i-FED: Intelligent Field Emitting Display
IDTS: I Don't Think So (Hardware)
(Net lingo) IFF: Interchange File Format
IDU: Interface Data Unit IFG: Incoming Fax Gateway
IDUG: International Db2 Users Group IFIP: International Federation of
(Databases) (IBM) Information Processing societies
IDUP-GSS-API: Independent Data Unit IFITL: Integrated Fiber In The Loop
Protection Generic Security Service Enables Internet access through a technology known as
Application Programming Interface Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE). (Network)
IDVC: Integrated Data/Voice Channel IFMP: Ipsilon Flow Management Protocol
IDX: InDeX IFNA: International FidoNet Association
File name extension I
IFP: Instruction Fetch Pipeline
IE: Information Element
IFPI: International Federation of
IE: Information Engineering Phonographic Industry
IE: Internet Explorer (Organizations)
(Software) (Microsoft) IFPUG: International Function Point User
IEAK: Internet Explorer Administrator Kit Group
(Software) (Microsoft) Promotes and encourages the effective management of
application software development and maintenance
IEC: InterExchange Carrier activities through the use of Function Point Analysis (FPA)
IEC: International Electrotechnical and other software measurement techniques
Commission (Organizations)
(Organizations) IFR: Interleaved Frame Recording
IEE: Institute of Electrical Engineers IFS: Installable File System
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics (Operating systems)
Engineers IFS: Internal Field Separator
(Organizations)
IFS: Internal Field Seperator
IEF: Information Engineering Facility
IFS: Internet File System
IEG: Information Exchange Group (Operating systems)
IEMSI: Interactive Electronic Mail Standard IFSM: InFormation Systems Management
Identification
IFSMgr: Installable File System ManaGeR
IEN: Internet Engineering Notes (Operating systems)
IEN: Internet Experiment Notebook IFT: Inverse fast Fourier Transform
IEP: Initial Experience Predictor IFX: Interactive Financial eXchange
IEPA: Individual Expert Participation IGA: Integrated Graphics Array
Agreement
IGC: Institute for Global Communications
(Sun)
IGC: Integrated Graphics Controller
IESG: Internet Engineering Steering Group
The executive committee of the IETF (Organizations) IGES: Initial Graphics Exchange Specification
File format for graphics interchange
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force
An engineering and protocol standards body that develops IGFET: Insulated-Gate Field Effect Transistor
and specifies protocols and Internet standards, generally IGFOS: International Government Forum for
in the network layer and above. See www.ietf.org
Open Systems
(Organizations)
(Organizations)
IETFWG: Internet Engineering Task Force
Working Group IGMP: Internet Group Management Protocol
The TCP/IP protocol that permits Internet hosts to take
IEW: Information Engineering Workbench part in IP multicasting. It is an efficient means of
IF: Information Flow broadcasting messages to groups of end-stations
(Network)
IF: Inner Firewall
IGN: Ibm Global Network
(Security)
IGP: Integrated Graphics Processor
IFB: Internet Free/Busy
(Hardware)
Microsoft Outlook feature (Software) (Microsoft)

www.acronyms.ch Page 73 of 174


IGP IMHO

IGP: Interior Gateway Protocol ILE: Integrated Language Environment


The protocol that enables the exchange or routing (Software) (IBM)
information between collaborating routers on the Internet.
Examples of IGPs include Routing Information Protocol
ILEC: Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier
(RIP) and Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Also known as primary local exchange carrier
(Communication)
IGRP: Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
ILLINET: ILlinois LIbrary NETwork
(Cisco)
IGS: Internet Go Server ILM: Information Lifecycle Management
Not a technology, ILM is a combination of processes and
IGSN: Internet Gprs Support Node technologies that determines how data flows through an
(Communication) environment. By doing so, it helps end users manage data
from the moment it is created to the time it is no longer
IHA: Intel Hub Architecture
needed
(Hardware) (Intel)
ILMI: Interim Local Management Interface
IHD: Integrated Help Desk
(IBM) iLO: Integrated Lights-Out
Remote management feature on HP servers. (Hardware)
IHS: Integrated Heat Spreader (HP)
The top surface of the IHS is designed to be the interface
for contacting a HS/HSF. Allows more effecient heat ILP: Instruction-Level Parallelism
transfer out of the package to an attached cooling device. CPU architecture
Transform non-uniform heat from the die to the top of the
ILS: International Language Support
IHS for more uniform spread (Hardware)
I IHV: Independent Hardware Vendor
ILS: Internet Locator Service
A third-party hardware manufacturer (Hardware) IM: Input Method
The algorithm by which users enter the text of a language.
IID: Interface IDentifier Input methods differ for each language, depending on that
(Software) language’s structure and conventions
IIF: Immediate IF IM: Instant Messaging
(Databases)
IM: Interface Module
IIF: Immediate InterFace
IMA: Interactive Multimedia Association
III: Interstate Identification Index
IMA: International Midi Association
IIIR: Integration of Internet Information
Resources IMAC: Isochronous Media Access Control

IIL: Integrated Injection Logic IMACS: Image Management and


Communication System
IIM: Internet Interaction Management
IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol
IIN: Integrated Information Network (Network)
IIOP: Internet Interoperable Orb Protocol IMAPI: Image Mastering Application
(Communication) Programming Interface
IIR: Immediate Impulse Response Allows an application to stage and burn a simple audio or
data image to CD-R or CD-RW devices (Operating
IIR: Incremental Image Rendering systems) (Microsoft)
IIRC: If I Recall Correctly IMC: Internet Mail Connector
(Net lingo) (Software) (Microsoft)
IIRG: International Information Retrieval IMC: Internet Message Center
Guild (Network)
The oldest surviving hacker organization. See
http://www.iirg.org/ (Organizations) IMDB: In-Memory DataBase
(Databases)
IIS: Internet Information Server
(Network) (Microsoft) IMDb: Internet Movie DataBase

IISP: Interim Inter-switch Signaling Protocol IMDS: IMage Data Stream


(IBM)
IITF: Information Infrastructure Task Force
IME: Input Method Editor
IJCAI: International Joint Conference on
(Software) (Microsoft)
Artificial Intelligence
IME: Integrated Messaging Exchange
IK: Inverse Kinematics
IMEI: International Mobile Equipment Identity
IKBS: Intelligent Knowledge Based System
A code that uniquely identifies the mobile terminal
IKE: Internet Key Exchange hardware. It is important in GSM for keeping a record of
lost or stolen mobile telephones. A copy of each IMEI is
IKMP: Internet Key Management Protocol
stored in the EIR (Communication)
(Network)
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IKP: Internet Keyed Payment
(Organizations)
IL: Intermediate Language IMG: IMaGe
A platform-independent, compiler-generated language
File name extension
suitable to run on platform-specific virtual machines
(Software) IMHO: In My Humble Opinion
(Net lingo)
ILA: Image Light Amplifier

Page 74 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


IML IOCC

IML: Initial Microcode Load INCM: Intelligent Network Conceptual Model


(IBM)
IND: INDex
IMM: Input Method Manager File name extension
(Software) (Microsoft)
INET: International NETworking conference
IMM: Intel Mobile Module INF: INFormation
(Hardware) (Intel)
File name extension
IMM: Interactive MultiMedia INFS: Internet Network File System
IMNSHO: In My Not So Humble Opinion INGRES: INteractive Graphic REtrieval System
(Net lingo)
INI: INItialization
IMO: In My Opinion File name extension
(Net lingo)
INIT: INITialize
IMO: Intenet Mail Only
Microsoft Outlook feature (Software) (Microsoft) INL: Inter Node Link

IMP: Information Management Practice INM: Integrated Network Management

IMP: Interface Message Processor INM: International Neural Machines


(Hardware) INN: Inter Node Network
IMP: Internet Mail Only INN: InterNet News
IMPA: Intelligent Multi-Port Adapter (Network)

IMPP: Instant Messaging and Presence INND: InterNet News Daemon I


Protocol (Network)

IMR: Internet Monthly Report INOC: Internet Network Operations Center

IMS: Image Management Services INP: Instant Network Presence


(Network)
IMS: Information Management System
(IBM) INRIA: Institut National de Recherche en
Informatique et Automatique
IMS: Instructional Management System
INS: INput String
IMS: Intermediate Maintenance Standard
INS: Integrated Network Server
IMS: Internet Mail Service
INT: INTeger
IMSI: International Mobile Subscriber
Identity INT: INTernal
A unique number within the SIM card that identifies the INT: INTernational
subscriber to the system (Communication) organization Domain name
IMSO: Integrated Micro Systems Operation INT: INTerrupt
IMSP: Internet Message Support Protocol (Software) (Intel)
(Network) INTA: INTerrupt Acknowledge
IMSVS: Information Management INTAP: Interoperability Technology
System/Virtual Storage Association for Information Processing
IMTC: International Multimedia The technical organization that officially develops
Teleconferencing Consortium Japanese OSI profiles and conformance tests
(Organizations)
IMTV: Interactive Multimedia TeleVision
INTEL: INTegrated ELectronics
IMUL: Integer MULtiply (Intel)
IMUX: Inverse MUltipleXer InterNIC: INTERnet Network Information
IN: Individual Network Center
IN: INput INTO: INTerrupt if Overflow occurs
IN: Intelligent Network INTRAC: INtelligent Traffic Routing And
Control
INA: Intelligent Network Architecture
(Network)
INAP: Intelligent Network Application
INTSERV: INTegrated SERVices
Protocol
The transport of audio, video, real-time, and classical data
Allows applications to communicate between various
traffic within a single network infrastructure (Network)
nodes/functional entities of an intelligent network. The
protocol defines the operations required to be performed IO: Information Orientation
between nodes/functional entities for providing intelligent
network services
IO: Input/Output

INC: INCrement IO: Internal Objects


(Software) (Microsoft)
INCITS: InterNational Committee on
Information Technology Standards IOC: Input/Output Controller
Organization for standardization in the field of Information IOC: Inter-Office Channel
and Communications Technologies (ICT), encompassing
storage, processing, transfer, display, management,
IOCC: Input/Output Channel Converter
organization, and retrieval of information (Organizations) IOCC: Input/Output Controller Chip

www.acronyms.ch Page 75 of 174


IOCCC IPM

IOCCC: International Obfuscated C Code IPC: InterProcess Communication


Contest The process of sharing data between processes and, when
necessary, coordinating access to the shared data
IOCP: Inter-Orb Communication Protocol (Operating systems)
(Communication)
IPCE: InterProcess Communication
IOCS: Input/Output Control System Environment
IOCtl: Input/Output ConTroL
IPCMOS: Interlocked Pipeline
iODBC: Independent Open DataBase Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
Connectivity Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware)
Open source, platform independent implementation of both
IPCP: Internet Protocol Control Protocol
the ODBC and X/Open specifications. It is rapidly
(Network)
emerging as the industry standard for developing solutions
that are language, platform and database independent. See IPCS: Integrated Personal Computer Server
also http://www.iodbc.org/ (Software) (Hardware)
IOE: Internet Operating Environment IPCS: Interactive Problem Control System
IOF: Infrared Optical Film IPD: Intelligent Printer Data
IONL: Internal Organization of the Network IPDC: Internet Protocol Device Control
Layer
The ISO/OSI standard for the architecture of the network
IPDS: Ibm Personal Dictation System
layer. The IONL divides the network layer into (IBM)
subnetworks interconnected by convergence protocols IPDS: Intelligent Printer Data Stream
I (internetworking protocols), resulting in a catenet or
(IBM)
internet (Organizations)
IPDU: Internet Protocol Data Unit
IOP: Input/Output Parity
(Hardware) IPDVMRP: Internet Protocol Distance Vector
Multicast Routing Protocol
IOP: Input/Output Processor
(Hardware) IPE: Integrated Programming Environment
IOPL: Input/Output Privilege Level IPF: Information Presentation Facility

IOQD: In-Order Queue Depth IPF: Invalid Page Format


(Hardware) (Intel) IPFC: Information Presentation Facility
IOR: Interoperable Object Reference Compiler
(IBM)
IORDY: Input/Output channel ReaDY
(Hardware) IPI: Intelligent Peripheral Interface
A device-generic interface used for large-capacity, high-
IOREQ: Input/Output REQuest performance disks. The IPI supports disk transfer rates at
Microprocessor signal used in I/O addressing (Hardware) 3Mbyte/sec and above (Hardware)
IORQ: Input/Output ReQuest IPI: Internet Policy Institute
Microprocessor signal used in I/O addressing (Hardware) A device-generic interface used for large-capacity, high-
performance disks. The IPI supports disk transfer rates at
IOS: Input/Output System
3MB/sec and above (Organizations)
IOS: Internet Operating System
(Operating systems)
IPI: Inter-Processor Interrupt
(Hardware)
IOS: InterOrganizational System
IPIC: International Primary Interexchange
IOSGA: Input/Output Support Gate Array Carrier
IOUG: International Oracle Users Group (Communication)
See http://www.ioug.org/ (Organizations) IPL: Ibm Public License
IOW: In Other Words (IBM)
(Net lingo) IPL: Information Programming Language
IP: Information Provider IPL: Initial Program Load
IP: Instruction Pointer Also known as the bootstrap or boot process
CPU register (Hardware) (Intel) IPL: Ion Projection Lithography
IP: Intellectual Property IPM: Images Per Minute
IP: Intelligent Peripheral ipm: Impressions Per Minute
IP: Internet Protocol Printing speed measurement unit (Hardware)
The major network layer protocol in the Internet Protocol IPM: InfoPrint Manager
suite. IP describes the routing of packets, among its many IBM's Info Print Manager - Creates IPDS data (IBM)
tasks (Network)
ipm: Instructions Per Minute
IPAUTH: Internet Protocol AUTHentication
(Security) IPM: Intelligent Power Module
(Hardware)
IPBF: Installed Peripheral Base Flexibility
IPM: Internet Protection Module
IPC: Instructions Per Clock (Network)

Page 76 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


IPM IRTOS

IPM: Internetwork Performance Monitor IR: Instruction Register


A network response time and availability troubleshooting (Hardware)
application (Software) (Cisco)
IR: Interface Repository
IPM: InterPersonal Message
IRAM: Intelligent Random Access Memory
ipm: Interruptions Per Minute (Hardware)
IPMI: Intelligent Platform Management IRC: Internet Relay Chat
Interface (Network)
(Hardware)
IRC: Interrupt Request Controller
IPMI: Internet Protocol Multicast Initiative (Hardware)
(Network)
IRCA: Internet Content Rating Association
IPNG: Internet Protocol Next Generation (Organizations)
(Network)
IRCP: Internet Relay Chat Protocol
IPO: Input, Processing and Output (Network)
IPO: International Purchasing Office IRD: Implementation Row Descriptor
IPO: Internet Protocol over Optical (Databases)
(Network) IRD: Integrated Receiver/Descrambler
IPP: Infrastructure Portal Provider IrDA: InfraRed Data Association
IPP: Intel Performance Primitives (Organizations)
(Hardware) (Intel) IRDP: Icmp Router Discovery Protocol I
IPP: Internet Printing Protocol (Network)
(Network) IRDS: Information Resource Dictionary
IPP: Internet Protocol Processor System
(Hardware) IRET: Interrupt RETurn
IPR: Intellectual Property Rights IRF: Inheritance Rights Filter
ips: Inches Per Second (Novell)
(Hardware) IRF: Interger Register File
IPS: Information Processing Standards IRF: Intermediate Routing Function
IPS: In-Plane Switching IRIS: Internet Retailer Information System
(Hardware)
IRL: In Real Life
iPS: Iplanet Portal Server (Net lingo)
IPSE: Integrated Project Support IRL: Insert Row Locking
Environment (Databases)
IPSec: Internet Protocol SECurity IRL: Integer Register File
A set of protocols that give greater IP-level security to
data packets transmitted over Virtual Private Networks IRL: Interactive Reader Language

IPSI: Internet Protocol Server Interface IrLAN: InfraRed Local Area Network
(Hardware) IrLAP: InfraRed Link Access Protocol
(Communication)
IPSRA: Internet Protocol Security Remote
Access IRLED: InfraRed Light Emitting Diode
(Security)
IrLMP: InfraRed Link Management Protocol
IPTC: International Press (Communication)
Telecommunications Council
IRM: Information Resource Management
IPTV: Internet Protocol TeleVision
IRM: Inherent Rights Mask
IPv: Internet Protocol, Version
IRP: I/o Request Packet
(Communication)
Data structure used by Windows to communicate to kernel-
IPWG: Internet Privacy Working Group mode device drivers. (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
(Organizations) IRQ: Interrupt ReQuest
IPX: Internetwork Packet eXchange A signal that a device requires CPU attention (Hardware)
(Network) (Novell) IRQL: Interrupt ReQuest Level
IPX/SPX: Internet Packet IRR: Internal Rate of Return
eXchange/Sequenced Packet eXchange
IRS: Internal Revenue Service
IPXCP: Internetworking Packet eXchange
Control Protocol IRSG: Internet Research Steering Group
(Network) IRTF: Internet Research Task Force
IPXODI: Internet Packet eXchange Open The task force of the Internet Activities Board that
Datalink Interface addresses research and development of the Internet
Protocol suite (Organizations)
IQL: Interactive Query Language
IRTOS: I2o Real Time Operating System
IR: InfraRed (Operating systems)
(Hardware)

www.acronyms.ch Page 77 of 174


IRTP ISO

IRTP: Internet Reliable Transaction Protocol ISDP: I See Dead People


Tactical-ops, assault on terror gaming clan. See
IRX: Information Retrieval eXperiment
http://www.isdp.tk/ (Games)
IS: Image Stabilization
ISE: Integrated Software Engineering
A system like this can help your digital camera take
(ISE)
clearer images (Hardware)
IS: Information System ISEN: Internet Search Environment Number
Is the foundation of a portal that comprehensively catalogs
IS: Interim Standard the Internet's databases. See also http://www.isen.org/
Interim Standard 95 (IS-95), is the first CDMA-based
digital cellular standard pioneered by Qualcomm. The
ISF: Information Security Forum
brand name for IS-95 is cdmaOne. IS-95 is also known as (Organizations)
TIA-EIA-95 (Communication) ISFUG: Integrated Software Federal User
IS: Internal System Group
IS: Interrupt Status ISH: Information Super Highway
ISA: Industry Standard Architecture ISHO: Inter-System HandOver
PC bus architecture (Hardware) Transfer of 3G calls to 2G networks mid call and vice-
versa (Network)
ISA: Instruction-Set Architecture
ISI: Information Sciences Institute
ISA: Interactive Services Association
ISI: Internally Specified Index
ISA: Internet Security and Acceleration
ISIS: Image and Scanner Interface Standard
I (Microsoft)
ISA: Internet Server Application ISIS: Integrated Systems and Information
(Software)
Services

ISACA: Information Systems Audit and IS-IS: Intermediate-System to Intermediate-


Control Association System
See http://www.isaca.org/ (Organizations) The ISO/OSI protocol by which intermediate systems
exchange routing information
ISAKMP: Internet Security Association Key
Management Protocol ISKM: Internet Starter Kit for the Macintosh
(Network) ISL: Inter Switch Link
(Hardware) (Cisco)
ISAM: Indexed Sequential Access Method
ISL: Interactive System Language
ISAPI: Internet Server Application
Programming Interface ISLM: Integrated Services Line Module
(Software) (Microsoft) ISLN: Integrated Services Local Network
ISBN: International Standard Book Number ISLU: Integrated Services Line Unit
ISC: Information Supply Chain ISM: Industrial, Scientific, Medical
ISC: Instruction Set Computer Radio frequency band (Communication)

ISC: Internet Service Center ISM: Integrated Service Module


(Hardware)
ISC: Internet Storm Center
See http://isc.sans.org/ (Organizations) ISM: Integrated Switch Module
(Hardware)
ISC: Inter-System Communication
(IBM) ISM: Internet Service Manager
(Microsoft)
ISCA: International Computing Security
Association ISMA: Internet Streaming Media Alliance
(Organizations) (Organizations)
iSCSI: Internet Small Computer System ISMF: Interactive Storage Management
Interface Facility
ISD: Image Section Descriptor ISN: Information Systems Network
ISD: Instructional Systems Design ISN: Initial Sequence Number
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network Synchronization between two hosts to establish a TCP
connection. (Network)
A communication technology offered by telephone carriers
worldwide. ISDN combines voice and digital network ISN: Internet School Networking
services in a single medium, offering customers digital (Network)
data services and voice connections through a single wire
(Communication) ISN: Internet Services Network

ISDN-UP: Integrated Services Digital ISN: Internet Shopping Network


Network User Part ISN-LAN: Information System Network-Local
A communications technology offered by telephone Area Network
carriers worldwide. ISDN combines voice and digital
network services in a single medium, offering customers ISO: Independent System Operator
digital data services and voice connections through a
single wire

Page 78 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


ISO ITSEC

ISO: International Organization for ISV: Independent Software Vendor


Standardization A third-party software developer (Software)
An international standards body that reviews and approves
IT: Information Technology
independently designed products for use within specific
industries. ISO also develops standards for information IT: Integration/Transformation
exchange, such as the ISO/OSI model for computer Another name for Extract, Transform and Load (ETL)
networks. See http://www.iso.org/ (Organizations) (Databases)
ISO/OSI: International Standardization ITA: Interim Type Approval
Organization/Open Systems Interconnection
ITAA: Information Technology Association of
ISOC: Internet SOCiety America
(Organizations) (Organizations)
ISODE: International Standardization ITB: Information Technology Branch
Organization Development Environment
ITB: Intermediate Text Block
ISP: Integrated System Peripheral control
ITC: Information Technology Consultant
ISP: Interactive String Processor An Information Technology (IT) position
ISP: Internet Service Provider ITC: International Typeface Corporation
Communications service company that provides Internet
access and services to its customers. ISPs range in size
ITDI: Information Technology Pioneer
from small independents serving a local calling area to International
large, established telecommunications companies ITE: Independent Trading Exchange
(Network)
ITE: Information Technology Equipment
I
ISP: Interrupt Stack Pointer
ITF: Interactive Test Facility
ISP: Interrupt Status Port
ITI: Information Technology Industry council
ISPF: Interactive System Programming Washington-based trade association representing the
Facility leading U.S. providers of information technology (IT)
ISPP: Internet Secure Payments Protocol products and services. See also http://www.itic.org/
(Organizations)
(Security)
ISQL: Interactive Structured Query Language ITIL: Information Technology Infrastructure
Library
ISR: Information Storage and Retrieval
iTIP: Icalendar Transport-indendent
ISR: Interrupt Service Routine Interoperability Protocol
(Operating systems) Specification that defines the format of calendar
ISR: Interrupt Status Register information sent between calendar user agents. See also
the RFC 2445
ISS: Internet Security Systems
ITLB: Instruction Tanslation Look-aside
(Network)
Buffer
ISS: Internet Sharing Software
ITM: Instruction Translation Look-aside
(Software)
Buffer
ISSA: Information Systems Security
ITMS: Immediate check Truth Maintenance
Association
System
(Organizations)
ITN: Identification Tasking and Networking
ISSCC: International Solid-State Circuits
Conference ITN: Internet Travel Network
ISSLL: Integrated Services over Specific Link ITOT: Iso Transport service On top of Tcp
Layers (Network)
(Network)
ITP: Information Technology Practice
ISSLOW: Integrated Services System for LOW ITP: Information Technology Project
bitrate lines
(Network) ITP: Internet Transaction Processing

ISSN: Integrated Special Services Network ITR: Information Technology Research

ISSN: International Standard Serial Number ITR: Input Transaction Record

IST: Immerse System Technology ITR: Internet Talk Radio

IST: Initial System Test ITRS: International Technology Roadmap for


Semiconductors
IST: Intelligent Scanning Technology (Organizations)
ISTG: InterSite Topology Generator ITS: Incompatible Time-sharing System
Managing active directory replication (Operating systems) An influential but highly idiosyncratic operating system
(Microsoft) written for the PDP-6 and PDP-10 at MIT and long used at
ISUP: ISdn User Part the MIT AI Lab (Operating systems)
Provides the signaling functions necessary to basic bearer ITS: Intelligent Transportation System
services and supplementary services for voice and non-
voice applications in the Integrated Services Digital ITS: Internet Transaction Server
Network (ISDN) ITSEC: Information Technology Security
Evaluation Criteria

www.acronyms.ch Page 79 of 174


ITSO JAMES

ITSO: International Technical Support IWS: Intelligent WorkStation


Organization
IWS: Iplanet Web Server
(IBM)
IXC: IntereXchange Carrier
ITSP: Internet Telephone Service Provider
A long-distance carrier such as AT&T, MCI and Sprint
ITTP: Intelligent Terminal Transfer Protocol (Communication)
(Communication) (Ericsson) IXF: Integration eXchange Format
ITU: International Telecommunications Union (IBM)
International organization under the auspices of the United IYHO: In Your Humble Opinion
Nations that develops radio (ITU-R) and
(Net lingo)
telecommunications (ITU-T) standards. Prior to 1993, the
ITU-T Standardization Sector was known as the CCITT IYKWIM: If You Know What I Mean
(Organizations) (Net lingo)
ITUG: International Telecommunications
User Group J
ITUSA: Information Technology Users J/K: Just Kidding
Standards Association (Net lingo)
ITU-T: International Telecommunications J2EE: Java 2 platform, Enterprise Edition
Union Technical standards group (Software) (Sun)
ITU-TIES: International Telecommunications J2ME: Java 2 platform, Micro Edition
Union -Telecom Information Exchange
I Services
(Software) (Sun)
J2SE: Java 2 platform, Standard Edition
ITU-TSS: International Telecommunications (Software) (Sun)
J Union -Telecommunication Standards Section
JA: Jump Address
iTV: Interactive TeleVision
JA: Jump if Above
ITX: Intermediate Text Block (Software)
ITYM: I Think You Mean JAAS: Java Authentication and Authorization
(Net lingo) Service
IU: Integer Unit Is a package that enables services to authenticate and
enforce access controls upon users. It implements a Java
IUAP: Internet User Account Provider version of the standard Pluggable Authentication Module
IUMA: Internet Underground Music Archive (PAM) framework, and supports user-based authorization.
(Security) (Sun)
IUP: Infrastructure Utility Provider
JAD: Joint Application Development
IUP: Internet User Population
(Network) JADE: Jasmine Application Development
Environment
IUS/ITB: Interchange Unit (Databases) (CAI)
Separator/Intermediate Transmission Block
JAE: Java Applet Environment
IV: Initialization Vector (Software) (Sun)
(Security)
JAE: Jump if Above or Equal
IV&V: Initialization Vector
JAF: Javabeans Activation Framework
IVC: Integrated Visual Computing With JAF, Java developers can take advantage of standard
(SGI) services to determine the type of an arbitrary piece of data,
encapsulate access to it, discover the operations available
IVDS: Integrated Voice and Data Systems
on it, and to instantiate the appropriate bean to perform
IVDT: Integrated Voice/Data Terminal said operations (Sun)
IVIS: Interactive Video Information System JAI: Java Advanced Imaging
IVIT: Intelligent Voice Interactive Technology Application programming interface (API) that enables
developers to easily incorporate high-performance,
IVL: Independent Vendor League network-enabled, scalable, platform-independent image
IVL: Intel Verification Lab processing into Java technology-based applications and
applets (Software) (Sun)
IVR: Interactive Voice Response
JAIN: Java for the Advanced Intelligent
IVS: Interactive Videodisk System Network
IVT: InfoViewer Titles A set of Java technology based APIs which enable the
(Microsoft) rapid development of Next Generation telecom products
and services on the Java platform (Sun)
IVT: Interrupt Vector Table
JAM: Just A Minute
IVTS: International Video Teleconferencing When your in an on-line conversation and you need to put
Service the other person on hold while you quickly do something
IW: Information Warehouse (Net lingo)

I-WAY: Information highWAY JAMES: Java Apache Mail Enterprise Server


Is a 100% pure Java server, designed to be a complete
IWC: Inside Wire Cable and portable enterprise mail engine solution based on
IWF: InterWorking Function currently available open protocols (SMTP, POP3, IMAP,
HTTP)

Page 80 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


JANET JDSL

JANET: Joint Academic NETwork JCE: Java Cryptography Extension


A U.K. university network (Network) Is a set of packages that provide a framework and
implementations for encryption, key generation and key
JAR: Java ARchive agreement, and Message Authentication Code (MAC)
JAWS: Jamming And Warning System algorithms (Security) (Sun)
(Hardware) JCK: Java Compatibility Kit
JAXB: Java Architecture for Xml Binding (Software) (Sun)
Architecture that provides an API and tools that automate JCL: Job Control Language
the mapping between XML documents and Java objects
(Software)
(Software) (Sun)
JCP: Java Community Process
JAXM: Java Api for Xml Messaging
Produces high-quality specifications in "Internet time"
Enables applications to send and receive document
using an inclusive, consensus building approach that
oriented XML messages using a pure Java API (Software)
produces a specification, a reference implementation (to
(Sun)
prove the specification can be implemented), and a
JAXP: Java Api for Xml Processing technology compatibility kit (Sun)
Enables applications to parse and transform XML JCS: Java Caching System
documents using a pure Java API that is independent of a
Distributed caching system written in java. It is intended
particular XML processor implementation (Software) (Sun)
to speed up applications by providing a means to manage
JAXR: Java Api for Xml Registries cached data of various dynamic natures. See also
Provides a mechanism for publishing available services in http://jakarta.apache.org/jcs/ (Software)
an external registry, and for consulting the registry to find JCWDE: Java Card Workstation Development
those services (Software) (Sun)
Environment
JAX-RPC: Java Api for Xml-based Remote (Software) (Sun)
Procedure Call J
JDBC: Java DataBase Connectivity
Defines a mechanism for exchanging synchronous XML-
(Databases)
based messages between applications (Sun)
JDC: Java Developer Connection
JAX-WS: Java Api for Xml Web Services
(Sun)
(Software)
JDE: Java Development Environment
JBCL: Java Beans Component Library
(Software) JDEE: Java Development Environment for
Emacs
JBE: Jump if Below or Equal
JDF: Job Description Format
JBI: Java Business Integration
(Software) (Sun) JDI: Java Debug Interface
(Software) (Sun)
JBIG: Joint Bi-level Image experts Group
This was (and is) a group of experts nominated by national JDIC: Java Desktop Integration Components
standards bodies and major companies to work to produce Project that aims to make Java technology-based
standards for bi-level image coding. See also applications first-class citizens of current desktop
http://www.jbig.org/ (Organizations) platforms without sacrificing platform independence. Its
mission is to enable seamless desktop/Java integration
JBOD: Just a Bunch Of Disks (Software)
A storage subsystems using multiple independent disk
drives, as opposed to one form of RAID or another JDJ: Java Developer's Journal
(Hardware) JDK: Java Development Kit
JBPC: Java-Based Pipeline Configurator (Software) (Sun)

JC: Jump if Carry set JDMK: Java Dynamic Management Kit


Is the foundation for building and distributing network
JCA: Java Card Assembly
management intelligence into applications, networks and
(Software) (Sun)
devices. It is the first compatible implementation of the
JCA: Java Connector Architecture JMX specification (Sun)
(Software) JDNC: Java Desktop Network Components
JCA: Java Cryptography Architecture Aims to provide the shortcuts required to construct
(Software) (Sun) desktop applications in significantly less time by reducing
the learning, design, and coding requirements (Software)
JCAT: Java Coordination And Transactions
Includes (but is not limited to) the facilities required for
JDO: Java Data Objects
applications to be invoked and return results before, during Is an application programming interface (API) for
or after calls; to process call parameters or subscriber- transparent database access. The programmer can write
supplied information; and to engage in further call code in the Java programming language that transparently
processing and control (Sun) accesses the underlying data store, without using
database-specific code (Databases) (Sun)
JCC: Java Call Control
Includes the facilities required for observing, initiating,
JDOM: Java Document Object Model
answering, processing and manipulating calls, where a call Java-oriented API for reading and writing XML documents
is understood to include (but is not necessarily limited to) JDOQL: Java Data Objects Query Language
a multimedia, multiparty session over the underlying
(Software)
integrated network (Sun)
JDSL: Java Data Structures Library
(Software)

www.acronyms.ch Page 81 of 174


JDT JOHNNIAC

JDT: Java Development Toolkit JJ: Just Joking


Project that provides tool plug-ins that implement a Java (Net lingo)
IDE that supports the development of Java applications
including Eclipse plug-ins.The JDT project allows Eclipse
JK: Just Kidding
to be a development environment for itself. See (Net lingo)
www.eclipse.org (Software) JKS: Java KeyStore
JDWP: Java Debug Wire Protocol (Security)
(Sun) JL: Jump if Less
JE: Jump if Equal JLE: Japanese Language Environment
JEDEC: Joint Electronic Devices Engineering JLE: Jump if Less than or Equal to
Council
JLF: Java Layered Framework
JEIDA: Japanese Electronics Industry Set of Java code to provide a foundation for faster Java
Development Association software development (Software)
JEITA: Japanese Electronics and Information JLIP: Joint Level Interface Protocol
Technology industries Association
JLS: Java Language Specification
(Organizations)
(Sun)
JEMS: Jboss Enterprise Middleware Suite
JMAPI: Java Management Application
Extensible and scalable suite of products for creating and
deploying e-business applications. JEMS offers cutting-
Programming Interface
edge technology components which customers can mix- (Sun)
and-match and roll out into their line of business JMF: Java Media Framework
infrastructure (Software)
(Software) (Sun)
J JEPI: Joint Electronic Payment Initiative JMI: Java Metadata Interface
JERI: Jini Extensible Remote Invocation Implements a dynamic, platform-neutral infrastructure that
(Software) (Sun) enables the creation, storage, access, discovery, and
exchange of metadata (Software) (Sun)
JES: Java Embedded Server
(Sun) JMM: Java Memory Model
(Software)
JES: Job Entry System
JMP: JuMP
JESI: Java Edge Side Include
(Software)
(Software)
JMS: Java Message Service
JESS: Java Expert System Shell
A CLIPS expert system written for Java (Software) JMSC: Japanese Midi Standard Committee

JET: Joint Engine Technology JMX: Java Management eXtension


(Databases) (Microsoft) Formerly known as LMAPI (Sun)

JET: Jpeg Enhancement Technology JNA: Jump if Not Above

JFC: Java Foundation Classes JNAE: Jump if Not Above or Equal


(Software) JNB: Jump if Not Below
JFET: Junction Field Effect Transistor JNBE: Jump if Not Below or Equal
JFIF: Jpeg File Interchange Format JNDI: Java Naming and Directory Interface
JFS: Journalized File System Is a standard extension to the JavaTM platform, providing
Java technology-enabled applications with a unified
(Operating systems)
interface to multiple naming and directory services in the
JG: Jump if Greater enterprise (Sun)

JGE: Jump if Greater or Equal JNG: Jump if Not Greater


JGF: Java Graphics Format JNGE: Jump if Not Greater or Equal
JGSS: Java Generic Security Service JNI: Java Native Interface
(Sun) (Sun)

JIC: Just In Case JNLE: Jump if Not Less or Equal


(Net lingo)
JNLP: Java Network Launching Protocol
JIMI: Java Image Management Interface (Sun)
(Sun)
JNO: Jump if No Overflow
JIPS: Janet Internet Protocol Service
JNP: Jump if No Parity
JIS: Japan Industrial Standard JNS: Jump if No Sign
JISC: Japanese Industrial Standards
JNZ: Jump if Not Zero
Committee
JODE: Java Optimize and Decompile
JIT: Just In Time Environment
Programs compilation technique (Software)
(Software)
JITA: Just In Time Activation JOE: Java Objects Everywhere
Allows an objects to tell COM+ that its work is done and
that it can be destroyed (Software) (Microsoft) JOHNNIAC: JOHn Neumann Integrator and
Automatic Computer
JITC: Just In Time Compiler

Page 82 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


JOOP JVM

JOOP: Journal of Object Orientated JSON: JavaScript Object Notation


Programming Scripting language based on a subset of the JavaScript
Programming Language. The format is specified in RFC
JOSS: Johnniac Open Shop System 4627. The official MIME Media Type for JSON is
JOSS: Joint Object Services Submission application/json (Software)

JOVE: Jonathan's Own Version of Emacs JSP: JavaServer Pages


(Software)
JOVIAL: Jules Own Version of the
International Algorithmic Language JSPA: Java Specification Participation
Agreement
JPA: Java Persistence Api
(Sun)
(Software)
JPDA: Java Platform Debugger Architecture JSPC: JavaServer Pages Compiler
(Software)
Multi-tiered debugging architecture that allows tools
developers to easily create debugger applications which JSR: Java Specification Request
run portably across platforms, virtual machine (VM) Is the actual description of a proposed and final
implementations and SDK versions (Software) (Sun) specification for the Java platform (Sun)
JPE: Jump if Parity Even JSS: Java Security Service
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group Java interface to Network Security Service (NSS). It
A joint venture of the CCITT and ISO that developed a supports most of the security standards and encryption
standard for compressing gray-scale or color still images technologies supported by NSS. JSS also provides a pure
Java interface for ASN.1 types and BER/DER encoding
JPG: Joint Photographic experts Group
Filename extension (short for JPEG)
JSS: Javascript Style Sheet
JSSE: Java Secure Socket Extension
JPL: Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JPLDIS: Jet Propulsion Laboratory Display
Is a set of Java packages that enable secure Internet J
communications. It implements a Java version of SSL and
Information System TLS protocols and includes functionality for data
encryption, server authentication, message integrity, and
JPNF: Join-Projection Normal Form
optional client authentication (Software) (Sun)
JPO: Jump if Parity Odd
JST: J2ee Standard Tools
JRB: Java Relational Binding Extension to the Eclipse platform with support for building
(Software) multi-tier J2EE applications (Software)
JRE: Java Runtime Environment JST: Japan Standard Time
(Software) Timezone: GMT +9:00
JRI: Java Runtime Interface JSTL: Jsp Standard Tag Library
Native interface proposed by Netscape (Software) JSWDK: JavaServer Web Development Kit
(Netscape)
(Software) (Sun)
JRMP: Java Remote Method Protocol
JTA: Java Transaction Api
(Software)
(Sun)
JRP: Joint Requirement Planning
JTAG: Joint Test Action Group
JS: JavaScript (Hardware)
(Software) (Netscape)
JTAPI: Java Telephony Application
JS: Jump if Sign Programming Interface
JSA: Japanese Standards Association (Sun)

JSAPI: Java Speech Application Programming JTB: Jump Trace Buffer


Interface JTC: Join Transitive Closure
(Software) (Sun) Allows the DBMS optimizer to consider a join order other
than those made available explicitly by the query's WHERE
JSC: Java Swing Connection
clause (Databases) (Sybase)
(Sun)
JTC: Joint Technical Committee
JSCP: Java Software CoProcessor
JTM: Job Transfer and Manipulation
JSDK: Java Servlet Development Kit
(Software) JTMS: Justification based Truth Maintenance
System
JSDT: Java Shared Data Toolkit
JavaTM Shared Data Toolkit JTS: Java Transaction Service
(Software) (Sun) JTSIN: Joint Transmission Services
JSF: Java Server Faces Information Network
Technology that simplifies building user interfaces for JUG: Java User Group
JavaServer applications. Developers of various skill levels
can quickly build web applications by assembling reusable JUGHEAD: Jonzy's Universal Gopher
UI components in a page and connecting these Hierarchy Excavation And Display
components to a data source (Software) (Sun)
JUMP: Java User Migration Path
JSGF: JSpeech Grammar Format (Software) (Microsoft)
JSML: JSpeech Markup Language JUNET: Japan Unix NETwork
JVM: Java Virtual Machine

www.acronyms.ch Page 83 of 174


JVMDI KPA

JVMDI: Java Virtual Machine Debug Interface KCC: Knowledge Consistency Checker
(Sun) A domain service that creates and modifies the replication
topology of Active Directory (Network) (Microsoft)
JVMPI: Java Virtual Machine Profiler Interface
KCS: Kansas City Standard
JVMTI: Java Virtual Machine Tool Interface
Recording standard (Hardware)
JVS: Java Validation Suite
KCS: Kiva C++ Server
(Software)
(Software) (Netscape)
jwcid: Java Web Component IDentifier
KD: Kernel Debugger
(Software)
(Operating systems)
JWS: Java Web Server
KDC: Key Distribution Center
(Sun)
KDE: K Desktop Environment
JWS: Java Web Start
Gives you the power to launch full-featured applications KDS: Knowledge Discovery Server
with a single click from your Web browser. You can now (Lotus)
download and launch applications without going through
KDT: Key Definition Table
complicated installation procedures (Software) (Sun)
KEA: Key Exchange Algorithm
JWSDL: Java Web Service Description
(Security)
Language
Provides a standard set of APIs for representing and KEFIR: KEy FIndings Reporter
manipulating services described by Web Service
KERMIT: Kl-10 Error-free Reciprocal Micro
Description Language (WSDL) documents (Sun)
Interconnect over Tty lines
JWSDP: Java Web Services Developer Pack
KES: Key Escrow System
The Java Web Services Developer Pack is an all-in-one
J download containing key technologies to simplify building KFM: K FIle Manager
of web services using the Java 2 Platform (Software) (Sun)
KFX: KoFaX
K JXTA: JuXTApose File Format for fax transmission
Started as a research project at Sun Microsystems, its
KHG: Kernel Hacking Guide
goal is to explore a vision of distributed network computing
using peer-to-peer topology, and to develop basic building KHz: KiloHertZ
blocks and services that would enable innovative
applications for peer groups (Software)
KiB: KibIByte
Unit of measurement, introduced by the International
JZ: Jump if Zero Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024
bytes
K KIF: Knowledge Interchange Format
k: Kilo KIPS: Kilo Instruction Per Second
Prefix for 10 power 3 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 10) Processing speed
K&R: Kernighan And Ritchie KIR: Kyocera Image Refinement
"Traditional" or "classic" C language specification, named (Hardware)
after its authors, Brian Kerninghan and Dennis Ritchie
(Software) KIS: Knowbot Information Service
KAM: Keep Alive Memory KISS: Keep It Simple, Stupid
KAS: Kiva Administrative Server KIT: Kernel software for Intelligent Terminals
(Software) (Netscape) KJS: Kiva Java Server
KB: KeyBoard (Software) (Netscape)
(Hardware) KM: Keyboard Monitoring
kb: KiloBit KM: Knowledge Management
kB: KiloByte KMA: Kiss My A**
1024 bytes (Net lingo)
KB: Knowledge Base KML: Keyhole Markup Language
KBD: KeyBoarD XML grammar and file format for modeling and storing
geographic features such as points, lines, images,
KBE: Knowledge Based Engineering polygons, and models for display in Google Earth and
KBMS: KeyBoard/MouSe Google Maps. You can use KML to share places and
information with other users
Connector. It's simply a duplicate of the PS/2 ports and
it's used to connect other devices that use the PS/2 KMS: Key Management Server
without having to give up the keyboard and mouse, and Mostly used in Microsoft Exchange to issue security
also is convenient for things that you need to mount certificates (Security) (Microsoft)
internally (Hardware)
KNI: Katmai New Instruction
kbps: KiloBits Per Second (Intel)
Transfer Speed (Communication)
KOS: Kill On Site
kBps: KiloBytes Per Second (Games)
Transfer Speed (Communication)
KPA: Key Process Area
KBS: Knowledge-Based System (Software)

Page 84 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


KPCMS LAT

KPCMS: Kodak Precision Color Management LACP: Link Aggregation Control Protocol
System Part of an IEEE specification (802.3ad) that allows to
(Software) (Kodak) bundle several physical ports together to form a single
logical channel (Network)
KPDL: Kyocera Page Description Language
(Hardware) LADDR: LAyered Device DRiver
(Microsoft)
KPF: Kerio Personal Firewall
(Security) LADT: Local Access Data Transport

KPI: Kernel Programming Interface LAF: Look And Feel


(Software)
KPI: Key Performance Indicator
LALL: Longest Allowed Lobe Length
KQML: Knowledge Query and Manipulation
Language LAM: Local Area Multicomputer
KRS: Knowledge Retrieval System LAME: Lame Ain't an Mp3 Encoder
(Software)
KSAM: Keyed Sequential Access Method
Accessing a flat file using a simple or compound key LAMP: Linux, Apache, Mysql, Perl (or Php or
(Software) (HP) Phyton)
Web applications platform (Software)
KSDS: Keyed Sequential Data Set
LAN: Local Access Network
KSE: Kernel Scheduled Entitiy
(Operating systems) LAN: Local Area Network
Data communications network connecting computers and
KSH: Korn SHell
related equipment, usually over an area not greater than
KSPH: KeyStrokes Per Hour 10 km (Network)
KSR: Keyboard Send Receive LANACS: Local Area Network Asynchronous
(Hardware) Connection Server
kVA: Kilo Volt-Ampere LANAID: LAN Adapter Installation and K
Electric power measurement unit (Hardware) Diagnostic
(Network)
kVAh: Kilo Volt Ampere Hour L
Electrical energy measurement unit (Hardware) LANCE: Local Area Network Controller
Ethernet
KVM: K Virtual Machine
A virtual machine designed from the ground up with the LANDP: Local Area Network Distributed
constraints of inexpensive mobile devices in mind (Sun) Platform
KVM: Keyboard, Video, Mouse LANE: Local Area Network Emulation
(Hardware) A set of services and protocols that provide for the
emulation of LANs, using ATM as a backbone to allow
KWIC: Key Word In Context connectivity among LAN and ATM attached end stations
A permuted index offering lists of titles, with each of the (Network)
major words as the first word, and the remaining words
using key words or phrases LAP: Link Access Procedure
Communication protocol (CCITT X.25) (Network)
KWS: Knowledge Work System
LAP: Linux Application Platform
KXS: Kiva eXecutive Server
(Software) (Netscape) LAPB: Link Access Procedure Balanced
(Network)
L LAP-B: Link Access Procedure-Balanced
L&F: Look & Feel LAPD: Link Access Procedure-D channel
(Software) Communication protocol (Communication)

L&H: Lernout And Hauspie LAPM: Link Access Procedure for Modems
L1: Level 1 LAPS: Lan Adapter and Protocol Support
(Hardware)
LAR: Load Access Rights
L2: Level 2 LART: Luser Attitude Readjustment Tool
(Hardware)
LASER: Light Amplification by the Stimulated
L2CAP: Logical Link Control and Adaptation Emission of Radiation
Protocol
LASS: Local Area Signaling Service
L2F: Layer 2 Forwarding
(Network) (Cisco)
LASTport: Local Area Storage TransPORT
Protocol (DEC)
L2TP: Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
(Network)
LAT: Local Access Terminal

LA: Limited Availability LAT: Local Address Table


A table containing the IP address range that is inside a
LAC: L2tp Access Concentrator firewalled network (Network) (Microsoft)
Device attached to the switched network or located on an
LAT: Local Area Transport
end system supporting L2TP to pass PPP traffic (Network)
(Network)

www.acronyms.ch Page 85 of 174


LATA LE

LATA: Local Access and Transport Area LCP: Link Control Protocol
Local telephone company's geographical area Part of the point-to-point protocol (PPP) to establish,
(Communication) configure, and test data link connections (Network)

LATM: Local Asynchronous Transfer Mode LCR: Least Cost Routing


(Network)
LAVC: Local Area Vax Cluster
LAWN: Local Area Wireless Network LCR: Line Control Register

LB: Local Bus LCS: Laboratory for Computer Science


MIT's department
Bus architecture (Hardware)
LBA: Logical Block Addressing LCS: Lotus Communication Server

LBL: LaBeL LCSD: Laminate Chip Signal Diode

LBM: Local Bus Master LCT: Last Compliance Time

LBOT: Logical Beginning of Tape LCU: Last Cluster Used


(Hardware) LD: Laser Disc
LBR: LiBraRian (Hardware)

LBT: Listen Before Talk LD: Link Dead


When a link between two points goes dead (disconnects)
LBT: Local Bus Targets (Net lingo)
LBX: Local Bus Accelerator LD: LoaD
LBX: Low-Band with X Same as MOV (move). The Zilog Z80, for instance, used
LD as the assembler opcode for what Intel called MOV
LC: Liquid Crystal (move) because of copyright issues (machine code was the
(Hardware) same) (Software)
LCA: Life-Cycle Assessment LDA: Logical Device Address
LCA: Logic Cell Array LDAP: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LCA: Lotus Communications Architecture A standardized TCP/IP protocol for access to a central
L (Lotus)
X.500-based directory that is shared by many different
services. Many vendors plan to use LDAP to access policy
LCC: Leadless Chip Carrier information stored on third-party directories (Network)
(Hardware)
LDC: Lotus Development Corporation
LCCM: LanClient Control Manager LDCM: LanDesk Client Manager
(IBM)
LDDM: Longhorn Display Driver Model
LCD: Liquid Crystal Display
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
(Hardware)
LDDS: Long Distance Discount Services
LCD: Loss of Cell Delineation
LDGW: Lotus Domino Go Webserver
LCD: Lowest Common Denominator (Software) (IBM)
LCDUI: Liquid Crystal Display User Interface
LDI: Lvds Digital Interface
(Software)
(Hardware)
LCE: Link Control Entity
LDIF: Ldap Data Interchange Format
(Communication)
File format suitable for describing directory information or
LCF: Lightweight Client Framework modifications made to directory information. It is typically
used to import and export directory information between
LCF: Low Cost Fiber LDAP servers or to describe a set of changes to be applied
Lch: Luminance Chrominance Hue to a directory (Communication)
Color model (Hardware) LDM: Logical Disk Manager
LCI: Lan Connect Interface LDM: Long Distance Modem
(Hardware)
LDML: Locale Data Markup Language
LCID: Language Code IDentifier http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr35/
LCID: LoCale IDentifier LDMS: LanDesk Management Suite
LCK: Library Construction Kit LDP: Label Distribution Protocol
(Microsoft) A fundamental concept in Multi Protocol Label Switching is
LCM: Landesk Configuration Manager that two Label Switching Routers must agree on the
meaning of the labels used to forward traffic between and
(Operating systems) (Intel)
through them (Network)
LCM: Leaf Creation Method
LDP: Linux Document Project
LCM: Life-Cycle Management
LDP: Loader Debugger Protocol
(Software)
LDT: Lightning Data Transport
LCN: Logical Cluster Number
(Hardware) (AMD)
(Operating systems)
LDT: Local Descriptor Table
LCOS: Liquid Crystal On Silicon
(Hardware) LE: Less than or Equal
(Software)

Page 86 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


LE LITHP

LE: Light Edition LGA: Land Grid Array


(Software) Integrated circuit (IC) packaging that uses small flat
contacts versus pins (Hardware)
LE: Limited Edition
(Software) LGA: Leadless Grid Array
Integrated circuit (IC) packaging. Synonym of Land Grid
LEA: Load Effective Address
Array (Hardware)
LEAD: Live Early Adoption and Demonstration LGDT: Load Global Descriptor Table
LEAF: Law Enforcement Access Field
LGPL: Lesser General Public License
LEAP: Lightweight Extensible Authentication An evolution of the Library General Public License (GNU)
Protocol
LGPL: Library General Public License
(Cisco)
(GNU)
LEAS: Lata Equal Access System
LGX: Linux/Gnu/X
LEC: Lan Emulation Client
LI: List Item
(Network)
HTML Tag
LEC: Layered Error Correction
LIAS: Library Information Access System
LEC: Local Exchange Carrier
LIB: LIBrary
Local telephone company such as Pacific Bell,
File name extension
Southwestern Bell, Bell Atlantic, etc. (Communication)
LIC: Licensed Internal Code
LECS: Lan Emulation Configuration Server
See also LES (Network) LIC: Line Interface Coupler
(IBM)
LED: Light Emitting Diode
(Hardware) LICS: Lotus International Character Set
LEL: Link, Embed and Launch-to-edit LIDE: Light emitting diode In-Direct Exposure
(Lotus) Scanner technology (Hardware) (Canon)

LEM: Language Extension Module LIDT: Load Interrupt Descriptor Table


LEN: Low Entry Networking LIEP: Large Internet Exchange Packet L
(Novell)
LEO: Low Earth Orbit
LIF: Low Insertion Force
LEOT: Logical End Of Tape
(Hardware) LIFE: Logistics Interface For manufacturing
Environment
LEP: Light Emitting Polymer
(Hardware) LIFO: Last In First Out
(Hardware)
LER: Label Edge Router
(Hardware) LILO: Last In Last Out
(Hardware)
LES: Lan Emulation Server
(Network) LILO: LInux LOader
LES: Language Engineering Services LIM: Lotus/Intel/Microsoft
LET: Leaving Early Today LIMA: Lotus/Intel/Microsoft/Ast
(Net lingo) LIMDO: Light Intensity Modulation Direct
LEX: LEXicon Overwrite
LF: Line Feed LIMM: Light Intensity Modulation Method
An instruction to a certain computer or printer to move LIMOS: Laser Intensity MOdulation System
down one line, without moving the cursor or print head.
Also used as a terminator LIMS: Library Information Management
System
LF: Login Facility
LIP: Large Internet Packet
LFAP: Lightweight Flow Admission Protocol
LIPS: Lightweight Internet Person Schema
LFH: Low Force Helix
Connector pin type (Hardware) LIPS: Logical Inferences Per Second

LFI: Last File Indicator LIPS: Logical Instruction Per Second


Processing Speed
LFM: Log File Monitor
LIR: Local Internet Registry
LFN: Long FileName (Network)
LFR: Logical Forms Recognition LIS: Library and Information Science
(Software)
LIS: Logical Ip Subnet
LFS: Linux From Scratch
Project that provides you with the steps necessary to build LISC: Local Interconnection Service Center
your own custom Linux system (Communication)

LFSR: Linear-Feedback Shift Register LISP: LISt Processor


Programming language (Software)
LFT: Low Function Terminal
(IBM) LITHP: LInk Type description language for
HyperText Processing
LFU: Least Frequently Used

www.acronyms.ch Page 87 of 174


LIU LOOPNZ

LIU: Lan Interface Unit LMS: Lotus Messaging Switch


(Lotus)
LIW: Long Instruction Word
(Hardware) LMSW: Load Machine Status Word
LK: LocK LMU: Lan Management Utilities
Lock file (Operating systems) (IBM)
LKG: Last Known Good LMU: Lan Manager for Unix
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) LN: Load Number
LLB: Local Location Broker LN: Logarithm Natural
LLC: Logical Link Control Base e
Token Ring link protocol (IEEE 802.2) (Network) LN:DI: Lotus Notes:Document Imaging
LLDP: Link Layer Discovery Protocol LNBF: Low-Noise Block receiving horns with
A vendor-neutral Layer 2 protocol that allows a network integrated Feeds
device to advertise its identity and capabilities on the local
(Communication)
network (Network)
LNK: LiNK
LLDT: Load Local Descriptor Table
File name extension
LLF: Low Level Format
LNP: Local Number Portability
LLL: Low-Level Language (Communication)
(Software)
LNS: L2tp Network Server
LLN: Line Link Network Maintains L2TP sessions with whatever is connected to
LLNL: Lawrence Livermore National the LAC (Network)
Laboratory LO: helLO
(IBM) (Net lingo)
LM: Lan Manager LOB: Large OBject
(Network) (IBM) (Databases)

L LM: License Manager LOB: Line-Of-Business


LM: Link Manager LOB: Low-Order Byte
LM/X: Lan Manager for uniX LOC: Lines Of Code
LMA: Lightspeed Memory Architecture LOC: Loop Online Control
(Hardware) (nVidia)
LOCIS: Library Of Congress Information
LMAO: Laughing My A** Off System
(Net lingo)
LOD: Level Of Detail
LMB: Left Mouse Button
LODSB: LOaD String Byte
LMB: Local Master Browser
LOF: Loss of Frame
(Network)
(Communication)
LMBCS: Lotus Multi-Byte Character Set
LOFS: LOopback File System
(Lotus)
A file system type that lets the user create a new virtual
LMD: Last Modification Date file system. The user can access files using an alternative
path name (Operating systems)
LMDS: Local Multipoint Distribution System
(Communication) LOG: LOGarithm
Base 10
LME: Layer Management Entity
LOGML: LOG Markup Language
LMFAO: Laughing My F***ing A** Off
XML application designed to describe log reports of web
(Net lingo)
servers
LMI: Link Management Interface LOL: Laughing Out Loud
LMI: Local Management Interface (Net lingo)

LMK: Let Me Know LOL: Lots Of Love


(Net lingo) (Net lingo)
LMKHIW: Let Me Know How It Works LOL: Lots Of Love
When sending data to someone that should fix a problem. (Net lingo)
(Net lingo)
LOM: Lan On Motherboard
LMM: Logical Memory Manager This is a network device that is built onto the motherboard
(Databases) (Sybase) (or baseboard) of the machine (Hardware)

LMOS: Leave Mail On Server LON: Lan On Notebook


LMP: Link Manager Protocol (Hardware)

LMS: Lan Management Solution LON: Local Operating Network


(Software) (Cisco) LOOPE: LOOP while Equal
LMS: Learning Management System LOOPNE: LOOP while Not Equal
LMS: Library Management System LOOPNZ: LOOP while Not Zero

Page 88 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


LOOPS LSAS

LOOPS: Lisp Object Oriented Programming lps: Lines Per Second


System Printing speed (Hardware)

LOOPZ: LOOP while Zero LPS: Low Power Schottky


LOP: Loss of Pointer (Hardware)

LORE: Line Oriented Editor LPT: Line PrinTer


(Hardware)
LOS: Loss of Signal
(Communication) LPWA: Lucent Personalized Web Assistant
Anonymous web browsing service
LOTOS: Language Of Temporal Order
Specification LPX: Low Profile Extended
Motherboard format (Hardware)
LOV: List Of Values
LQ: Letter Quality
LP: Linear Programming
LQM: Link Quality Monitoring
LP: Logical Partition
LR: Link Register
LPAR: Logic Programming and Automated
Reasoning LR: Logical Record

LPAR: Logical PARtition LRC: Local Register Cache


(Operating systems) (IBM) LRC: Longitudinal Redundancy Check
LPB: Local Peripheral Bus LRF: Little Rubber Feet
LPB: Low Ping Bastard Support devices for computer cases and other equipments
Network multiplayer games attribute (Software) (Hardware)

LPC: Lightweight Procedure Call LRL: Least Recently Loaded


(Software) LRM: Language Reference Manual
LPC: Linear Predictive Coding LRM: Least Recently used Master
LPC: Local Procedure Call LRMP: Lightweight Reliable Multicast Protocol
LPC: Low Pin Count (Network)
L
(Hardware) LRPC: Lightweight Remote Procedure Call
LPCM: Linear Pulse Code Modulation (Software)
(Communication) LRS: Language ReSource
File name extension
LPD: Line Printer Daemon
LPDP: Line Printer Daemon Protocol LRS: Line Repeater Station

LPDU: Logical Protocol Data Unit LRSN: Log Record Sequence Number
(Databases)
LPF: League for Programming Freedom
LRU: Least Recently Used
lpi: Lines Per Inch
LS: Laser Servo
LPI: Linux Professional Insitute (Hardware) (Compaq)
Serves the community of Linux and open source software
users vendors and developers, in the interest of increasing LS: Library Server
and supporting professional use of such software LS: License Server
throughout world. See also http://www.lpi.org/
(Organizations) LS: Login Server
(Security)
LPL: Logical Page List
(Databases) LSA: Lan and Scsi Adapter
(IBM)
LPL: Lotus Programming Language
(Lotus) LSA: Line Sharing Adapter
lpm: Lines Per Minute LSA: Link State Advertisement
Printing speed (Hardware) (Network)

LPM: Logical Process Manager LSA: Local Security Authority


(Databases) (Sybase) The Local Security Authority is the service provided to
manage local security, domain authentication, and Active
LPN: Logical Page Number Directory processes. The Security Accounts Manager, Net
LPP: Land Pre-Pits Logon and Protected Storage services run within the
Addressing aid in writing DVD-R (Hardware) context of lsass.exe (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

LPP: Licensed Program Product LSAPI: License Services Application


Programming Interface
LPPL: Latex Project Public License
LSAS: Local Security Authentication Server
See http://www.latex-project.org/lppl.html
Verifies validity of user logons to PC/Server. (Operating
LPR: Line PRinter systems) (Microsoft)
LPR: Line Printer Remote
LPRA: Low Power Register Array
(Hardware)

www.acronyms.ch Page 89 of 174


LSASS LZ

LSASS: Local Security Authority Subsystem LTSS: Long Term Station Statistics
Service
LU: Logical Unit
Provides an interface for managing local security, domain
authentication, and Active Directory processes. The LU6.2: Logical Unit 6.2
Security Accounts Manager, Net Logon and Protected
LUA: Logical Unit Application
Storage services are components of LSA (Security)
(Microsoft) LUG: Linux User Group
LSB: Least Significant Bit (or Byte) LUG: Local Users Group
LSC: Least Significant Character LUI: Local User Input
LSD: Least Significant Digit LUIS: Library User Information Service
LSE: Language Sensitive Editor LUN: Logical Unit Number
SCSI subaddressing (Hardware)
LSI: Large Scale of Integration
IC manufacturing integration level: it's the process of LUNI: Lane User Network Interface
placing from 3,000 to 100,000 transistors on one chip
LUS: LookUp Service
(Hardware)
Provides the functionality to discover and register services
LSL: Link Support Layer (Software)
LSL: Load Segment Limit LUT: LookUp Table
LSMS: Lucent Security Management Server LUW: Logical Unit of Work
(Lucent)
LV: Logical Volume
LSN: Log Sequence Number (IBM)
LSN: Logical Sector Number LV: Low Voltage
LSNP: Loop Service with Number Portability (Hardware)
(Communication) LVCS: Logility Value Chain Solution
LSP: Label Switched Path (Software)

LSP: License Service Provider LVD: Low Voltage Differential


L An Netware Loadable Module (NLM) that responds to (Hardware)
requests from NetWare Licensing Services (NLS) clients LVDS: Low Voltage Differential Signalling
and licensing service managers for licensing information or (Hardware)
license units (Novell)
LVM: Logical Volume Manager
LSR: Label Switch Router
Provides a higher-level view of the disk storage on a
in MPLS, LSRs function to read the incoming label, remove computer system than the traditional view of disks and
it, and then based on its FEC, append a new Label to it partitions. This gives the system administrator much more
(Network) flexibility in allocating storage to applications and users
LSR: Link State Routing (Operating systems)

LST: Linux Support Team LVM: Low Voltage Differential Signaling


(IBM)
LST: LiST
File name extension LVQ: Learning Vector Quantization
LT: Less Than LW: Lazy Write
(Software) LW: Length Width
LT: Local Team LWP: LightWeight Process
As in Rational ClearCase LT (Software) (Rational) A class of processes that share resources with each other
and therefore use fewer resources than ordinary processes
LTC: Longitudinal Time Code
(Operating systems)
LTE: Line Terminating Equipment
LWP: Lotus WordPro
LTF: Leap To Frogans File format for documents
See http://www.frogans.com/ (Software)
LWT: Lightweight Windowing Toolkit
LTNS: Long Time No See
(Net lingo)
LY: Love You
(Net lingo)
LTO: Linear Tape Open
LYL: Love Ya Lots
(Hardware)
(Net lingo)
LTO: Locate-To-Order
LYLAB: Love Ya Like A Brother
LTP: Long Term Predictor (Net lingo)
LTPS: Low-Temperature PolySilicon LYLAS: Love Ya Like A Sister
(Hardware) (Net lingo)
LTR: Left-To-Right LZ: Landing Zone
LTR: LeTteR (Hardware)

LTR: Load Task Register LZ: Lempel-Ziv


LTS: Leaning Toothpick Syndrome
Expresses readability in PERL regular expressions
(Software)

Page 90 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


LZH MAPS

LZH: Lempel-Ziv-Haruyasu MADD: Multiply-ADD


Compression algorithm derived from the LZSS scheme with CPU instruction type
a sliding window and additional compression applied to the
output of the LZSS compressor by dynamic Huffman coding
MADE: Manufacturing and Automated Design
(Software)
Engineering

LZMA: Lempel-Ziv Modified Algorithm MADYMO: MAthematical DYnamic MOdeling


Compression algorithm (Software) MAE: Macintosh Application Environment
LZS: Lempel-Ziv-Stac MAE: Merit Access Exchange
Compression algorithm (Software)
MAE: Metropolitan Area Exchange
LZSS: Lempel-Ziv-Storer-Szymanski maen: Morning Afternoon Evening Night
Compression algorithm (Software)
"Good maen" is used as a universal greeting on the
LZW: Lempel-Ziv-Welch Internet to wish good morning, good afternoon, good
Compression algorithm (Software) evening or good night, all rolled into one (Net lingo)

LZX: Lempel-Ziv eXtended MAGIC: Multi-dimensional Applications


Compression algorithm (Software) Gigabit Internetworking Consortium
(Organizations)
M MAGMA: Minimal Architecture for Generalized
Markup Applications
M: Mega
Prefix for 10 power 6 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 20) mAh: MilliAmpere per Hour
m: Milli MAI: Multiple Applications Interface
Prefix for 10 power -3 MAJC: Microprocessor Architecture for Java
M4IF: Mpeg-4 Industry Forum Computing
See http://www.m4if.org/ (Organizations) (Sun)

MA: Migration Agent MAM: Memory Allocation Map


(Communication) (Novell) MAME: Multi-Arcade Machine Emulator
mA: Milliampere MAN: MANual L
MAB: Multi-Architecture Binary File name extension
(Software) MAN: Metropolitan Area Network M
MABO: Multiplier-Arithmetic BOlton Between a LAN and WAN in size and scope (Network)

MAC: MACro MANIAC: Mathematical Analyzer Numerical


File name extension Integrator And Computer

MAC: Mandatory Access Control MAO: Machine Account Object


(Security) (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

MAC: Media Access Control MAOS: Multiple Application Operating System


(Network) (Operating systems)

MAC: Message Authentication Code MAP: Maintenance Analysis Procedures


(Security) MAP: Management and Administration
MAC: Move, Add, Change Platform
Abbreviation for a specific task request (Network) MAP: Manufacturing Automation Protocol
MAC: Multiple Access Computers MAP: Migration Assistance Program
MAC: Multiplexed Analog Component MAP: Mobile Application Part
A color standard that transmits three color components in Adds functionality for mobile text applications to the Public
time-compressed serial analog form (Hardware) Land Mobile Network (PLMN). MAP handles numerous
services for text messaging to and from mobile terminals,
MAC: Multiply ACcumulate for example Short Message Service Centres in GSM
CPU instruction type Networks
MACH: Multilayer ACtuator Head MAP/TOP: Manufacturing Automation
(Epson) Protocol Technical Office Protocol
MACS: Mail order And Catalog System MAPE: Mean Absolute Percentage Error
MACS: Modem Access Control System MAPI: Messaging Application Programming
MAD: Microsoft Active Directory Interface
(Network) (Microsoft) (Microsoft)

MAD: Mpeg Audio Decoder MAPICS: Manufacturing, Accounting and


(Software) Production Information Control System
(IBM)
MADCAP: Multicast Address Dynamic Client
Allocation Protocol MAPOS: Multiple Access Protocol Over
Protocol that allows hosts to request multicast address Sonet/sdh
allocation services from multicast address allocation (Network)
servers. This protocol is part of the Multicast Address
MAPS: Mail Abuse Prevention System
Allocation Architecture being defined by the Multicast
Address Allocation Working Group (Communication)

www.acronyms.ch Page 91 of 174


MAPS MCN

MAPS: Mcis Administration and Provisioning Mbps: MegaBits Per Second


Service Transfer speed (Communication)
(Microsoft)
MBps: MegaBytes Per Second
MAR: Memory Address Register Transfer Speed (Communication)
(Hardware)
MBQ: Message-Based Queueing
MARC: MAchine Readable Cataloging
MBR: Master Boot Record
MARC: Multitechnology Automated Reader MBS: Maximum Burst Size
Card
MBSA: Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer
MARS: Multicast Address Resolution Server
Scans for missing hotfixes and vulnerabilities in some
(Network)
Microsoft products (Security) (Microsoft)
MARVEL: Machine-Assisted Realization of the MBX: MailBoX
Virtual Electronic Library
MC: Model Coordinates
MAS: Microsoft Authorized Support The coordinate system used for describing a single object
(Microsoft) (a graphics entity). When each object is described in its
MAS: Multi-Agent System own model coordinate space, all are mapped to one world
coordinate space
(Software)
MASM: Macro ASseMbler MCA: Merchant Certification Authority
(Software) (Microsoft)
erchant Certification Authority

MASS: Maximum Availability and Support MCA: Micro Channel Architecture


Subsystem Bus architecture (Hardware) (IBM)

MAT: Maintenance Access Terminal MCAD: Mechanical Computer-Aided Design


A specialized computer graphics program for the design of
MathML: MATHematical Markup Language mechanical structures, such as automobiles, airplanes,
XML application for describing mathematical notation and and their parts (Software)
capturing both its structure and content. The goal of
MathML is to enable mathematics to be served, received,
MCAD: Microsoft Certified Application
and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this Developer
functionality for text Mid-level certification for professional developers who
build powerful applications using Microsoft Visual Studio
MAU: Media Attachment Unit .NET and Web services (Microsoft)
M (Network)
MCAV: Modified Constant Angular Velocity
MAU: Multistation Access Unit
MCB: Memory Control Block
(Network)
MCBF: Mean Cycle Between Failure
MAVDM: Multiple Application Virtual Dos
Machine MCC: Manchester Code Converter
MAVICA: MAgnetic VIdeo CAmera MCC: Manchester Computing Centre
(Hardware) (Sony)
MCC: Memory Controller Chip
MAW: Microsoft At Work (Hardware)

MAX: MAssively parallel uniX MCDBA: Microsoft Certified DataBase


MAX: MAXimum Administrator
(Microsoft)
MAXML: Multichannel Accessible eXtensible
Markup Language MCF: Meta-Content Framework
(Netscape)
MB: Medium Business
MCGA: MultiColor Graphic Adapter
Mb: MegaBit (Hardware)
MB: MegaByte MCGAM: Mixer Conformant Global Address
1024 kilobytes Mapping
MB: MotherBoard (Network)
(Hardware) MCH: Memory Controller Hub
MBASIC: Microsoft Beginners All-purpose (Hardware)
Symbolic Instruction Code MCI: Media Control Interface
(Microsoft)
MCI: Microwave Communications, Inc.
MBCS: Multi-Byte Character Set Now MCI Communications corporation
MbD: Management by Delegation MCIS: Microsoft Commercial Internet System
(Software) (Network) (Microsoft)
MBGP: Multicast Border Gateway Protocol MCL: Microsoft Compatibility Labs
Based on RFC 2283 (Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4), (Microsoft)
it offers a method for providers to distinguish which
prefixes they will use for performing multicast reverse path MCL: Much Clown Love
forwarding (RPF) checks (Network) Used by icp fans also known as juggalos (Net lingo)
MBO: Management By Objectives MCM: MultiChip Module
MBONE: Multicast backBONE MCN: Metropolitan Campus Network
(Network)

Page 92 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


MCNE MDR

MCNE: Master Certified Novell Engineer MDA: Model Driven Architecture


(Novell) Standards-based approach to system development

MCNS: Multimedia Cable Network System MDA: Monochrome Display Adapter


(Hardware) (Cisco) (Hardware)
MCP: Master Control Program MDA: MultiDimensional Analysis
MCP: Media and Communications Processor MDAC: Microsoft Data Access Component
(Hardware) (Databases) (Microsoft)
MCP: Microsoft Certified Professional MDB: Message-Driven Bean
(Microsoft) (Software)
MCP: Multiport Communication Processor MDB: Microsoft DataBase
File format (Databases) (Microsoft)
MCP: Myrinet Control Program
(Network) MDB: Multiple-Device Boot
A diskette used to boot from a CD-ROM or from a network
MCP/AS: Master Control Program/Advanced
(Operating systems)
System
MDBE: Microsoft DataBase Engine
MCPC: Multi Channel Per Carrier
(Databases) (Microsoft)
MC-PGA: Metallized Ceramic - Pin Grid Array
MDBMS: Multidimensional DataBase
IC pins organization
Management System
MCPS: Microsoft Certified Product Specialist (Databases)
(Microsoft)
MDD: Multidimensional Discrete Data
MC-QFP: Metalized Ceramic - Pin Grid Array (Databases)
MCR: Maximum Cell Rate MDF: Main Distribution Frame
MCR: Modem Control Register (Network)

M-CRM: Mobile Customer Relationship MDF: Master Data File


Management MDF: Menu Definition File
MCS: Material Control System File name extension

MCS: Multichannel Communications System MDFE: Multilevel Decision Feedback


Equalization M
MCSA: Microsoft Certified System
(Hardware)
Administrator
(Microsoft) MDI: Medium Dependent Interface
MCSD: Microsoft Certified Solution Developer MDI: Memory Display Interface
(Microsoft) MDI: Multiple Document Interface
MCSE: Microsoft Certified System Engineer (Microsoft)
(Microsoft) MDI: Multiplex Device Interface
MCSP: Microsoft Certified Solution Provider MDIC: Manchester Decoder and Interface Chip
(Microsoft) (AT&T)
MCT: Microsoft Certified Trainer MDIS: MetaData Interchange Specification
(Microsoft)
MDK: Multimedia Developers Kit
MCU: MicroController Unit (Microsoft)
MCU: Multi-Chip Unit MDL: Method Definition Language
(DEC)
MDL: Microstation Development Language
MCU: Multipoint Control Unit
MDLP: Mobile Data Link Protocol
MD: Make Directory
MDLS: Member Digital Library Subscription
MD: Message Digest
(Network)
MDM: Machine Debug Manager
MDM: Media Device Manager
MD: MicroDrive
(Hardware) (IBM) MDM: Membership DIrectory Manager
(Microsoft)
MD: Mini Disk
(Sony) MDMF: Multiple Data Message Format
Format used to send Caller ID information
MD: Monochrome Display
(Communication)
MD5: Message Digest 5
MDPM: Multilevel Distributed Process
Cryptographically strong message digest, see RFC 1321
Modeling
(http://www.iesg.org/rfc/rfc1321.txt) (Security)
MDR: Memory Data Register
MDA: Mail Delivery Agent
(Hardware)
One of the programs that handle email (see also MTA and
MUA) (Software) MDR: MetaData Repository
MDA: Market Development Agreement MDR: MicroDesign Resources
MDA: Medicated Digest Authentication MDR: Minimum Design Requirement

www.acronyms.ch Page 93 of 174


MDRAM MGA

MDRAM: Multi-bank Dynamic Random Access MET: Memory Enhancement Technology


Memory (HP)
(Hardware)
MET: Middle European Time
MDRC: Manufacturing Design Rule Checker Timezone: GMT +1:00
MDS: Macintosh Development System MEWT: Middle European Winter Time
(Software) (Apple) Timezone: GMT +1:00
MDS: Manufacturing Design System MF: Multi Frequency
MDS: Meta Data Service MFC: Microsoft Foundation Classes
(Databases) (Software) (Microsoft)
MDS: Metacomputing Directory Service MFC: MultiFunction Center
MDS: Microprocessor Development System (Hardware)
(Software) MFC&T: Microsoft Foundation Classes &
MDSM: MultiDimensional Storage Manager Templates
(Software) (Microsoft)
(Databases) (IBM)
MDT: Mechanical DeskTop MFD: MultiFunction Device
(Hardware)
MDT: Mobile Data Terminal
Generic term for 1st generation wireless terminal
MFENET: Magnetic Fusion Energy NETwork
connected to host computer via radio network (Hardware) MFFS: Microsoft Flash File System
(Motorola) (Microsoft)
MDT: Mountain Daylight Time MFI: MainFrame Interactive
Timezone: GMT -7:00
MFI: Multifunction Interpreter
MDTE: Male Data Terminal Equipment
MFIOP: MultiFunction Input/Output Processor
RS-232 adapter (Hardware)
(Hardware)
MDX: MultiDimensional eXpression
MFLOPS: Million Floating point Operation Per
(Databases)
Second
MDY: Month Day Year A unit of measure of execution speed that rates the oating-
ME: Millenium Edition point performance of a computer
M Windows version (Operating systems) (Microsoft) MFM: Modified Frequency Modulation
ME: Motion Estimation A unit of measure of execution speed that rates the
floating-point performance of a computer (Hardware)
MEB: Memory Expansion Board
MFN: Main Frogans Network
MED: Management of External Data See http://www.frogans.com/ (Software)
(Databases)
MFP: MultiFunction Printer
MED: Minimum Expected Delay (Hardware)
MEDAPE: MEDium Absolute Percentage Error MFPI: MultiFunction Peripheral Interface
MEF: Message Exchange Format MFR: Multilink Frame Relay
(Network) (Network)
MEL: Mercury Exchange Limited MFS: Macintosh File System
MEL: Michigan Electronic Library (Operating systems) (Apple)

MEL: Multos Executable Language MFS: Magnetic tape Field Search


MEM: MEMory MFS: Memory File System
MEMO: Multimedia Environment for MObiles MFS: Message Format Service
MEMS: Micro ElectroMechanical System MFS: Modified Filing System
(Hardware) (TI) (Operating systems)

MEO: Medium Earth Orbit MFT: Master File Table


Table containing NT's file system structure (Operating
MERCI: Multimedia European Research systems) (Microsoft)
Conferencing Integration
MFT: Mean Field Theory
MERS: Most Economic Route Selection
MFT: Multiprogramming with a Fixed number
MERVA: Message Entry and Routing with
of Tasks
Interfaces to Various Applications
IBM connectivity to SWIFT network (Network) (IBM) MFTP: Multicast File Transfer Protocol
MES: Manufacturing Execution System MFU: Most Frequently Used
MES: Mobile Entertainment Service MGA: Matrox Graphics Adapter
Nokia's platform that allows developers to create MGA: Monochrome Graphics Adapter
interactive games for WAP (Software) (Nokia)
(Hardware)
MESI: Modified, Exclusive, Shared and Invalid
MEST: Middle European Summer Time
Timezone: GMT +1:00

Page 94 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


MGC MIP

MGC: Media Gateway Controller MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface


Provides a single management platform for fault, A note-oriented control language for specifying music.
configuration, performance and security management. It MIDI data consists of codes specifying notes and timing.
manages the Cisco PGW 2200 PSTN Gateway and the These codes can be generated by or output to MIDI-
Cisco SC2200 Signaling Controller. Cisco MGC Node compatible devices, such as keyboards or synthesizers
Manager integrates access to all signaling components (Hardware)
(Software) (Cisco)
MIDL: Microsoft Interface Definition Language
MGCP: Media Gateway Control Protocol (Microsoft)
Controls (trunks) gateways interconnected with the Public
MIDP: Mobile Information Device Profile
Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) with packet networks
and controls (residential) gateways that function as Is a set of Java APIs which, together with the Connected
network interfaces for customer premise located equipment Limited Device Configuration (CLDC), provides a complete
(Communication) J2METM application runtime environment targeted at
mobile information devices, such as mobile phones and
MGDI: Multiplatform Graphics Device entry level PDAs (Sun)
Interface
MIE: Mobile Internet Explorer
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
(Software) (Microsoft)
MGE: Modular Gis Environment
MIF: Maker Interchange Format
MGET: Multiple GET (Adobe)
MGML: Minimal Generalized Markup Language MIF: Management Information File
MGR: ManaGeR MIF: Management Information Format
MH: Modified Huffman MIF: Minimum Internetworking Functionality
MHDL: Mimic Hardware Description Language MIF: Module Interconnection Facility
MHEG: Multimedia and Hypermedia MIFST: Microsoft Internet Finance Server
information coding Expert Group Toolkit
MHP: Managed Hosting Provider (Network) (Microsoft)

MHPCC: Maui High Performance Computing MIG: Media Interoperability Gateway


Center MIG: Metal In Gap
MHS: Message Handling System MII: Media-Independent Interface
MHz: MegaHertZ A 40-pin miniature-D connector that provides the M
electrical interface between some Sun systems and
MI: Management Interface 10BASE-T or 100BASE-T Ethernet network transceivers
MI: Multiple Inheritance (Hardware) (Sun)
(Software) MII: Microsoft/IBM/Intel
MI/MIC: Mode Indicate/Mode Indicate MIL: Machine Interface Layer
Common
MILNET: MILitary NETwork
MIA: Mobile Internet Access Originally part of the ARPANET, MILNET was partitioned
MIB: Management Information Base in 1984 to provide military installations with reliable
network service, while the ARPANET continued to be used
MiB: MebIByte for research (Network)
Unit of measurement, introduced by the International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024
MIM: Map Image Metafile
kiB MIM: Metal-Insulator-Metal
(Hardware)
MIB: Multimedia Integration Box
(Siemens-Nixdorf) MIMD: Multiple Instruction Multiple Data
MIC: Macro Interpretative Command MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MIC: Market Intelligence Center (Network)

MIC: Media Interface Connector MIMO: Multiple-Input Multiple-Output


(Communication)
MIC: Message Integrity Check
MIN: MINimum
MICE: Modular Integrated Communications
Environment MIN: Mobile Identification Number
MICR: Magnetic Ink Character Recognition MIND: Microsoft INternet Developer
Microsoft magazine for Web developers (Microsoft)
MICS: Macro Interpretive Commands
MinLSN: MINimum recovery Log Sequence
MID: Message IDentifier Number
MID: Mobile Information Device (Databases)
(Hardware)
MINT: Mint Is Not Tos
MIDAS: Multi-tIer Distributed Application MINUET: Minnesota INternet Users Essential
Service Tools
(Borland)
MINX: Multimedia Information Network
eXchange
MIO: Memory Input/Output
MIP: Mixed Integer Programming

www.acronyms.ch Page 95 of 174


MIP MMU

MIP: Mobile Internet Protocol MMA: Microcomputer Managers Association


(Network)
MMA: Midi Manufacturer Association
MIPS: Microprocessor without Interlocked MMAPI: Mobile Media Application
Piped Stages Programming Interface
MIPS: Million Instructions Per Second MMC: Matched Memory Cycle
A unit of measure of execution speed that rates the
performance of a computer CPU MMC: Microcomputer Marketing Council
MIR: Micro-Instruction Register MMC: Microsoft Management Console
(Microsoft)
MIS: Management Information System
MMC: Microsoft Media Console
MIS: Mobile Information Server
(Microsoft)
(Software) (Microsoft)
MMC: MultiMedia Card
MIS: Multimedia Information Sources
(Hardware)
MISC: MISCellaneous
MMC: MultiMedia Commands
MISD: Multiple Instruction Single Data
MMCD: MultiMedia Compact Disk
MISF: Microsoft Information Security (Hardware)
Framework
MMCD-E: MultiMedia Compact Disk-Erasable
(Microsoft)
MMCX: MultiMedia Communication Exchange
MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MMDS: Multichannel Multipoint Distribution
MITACS: Mathematics of Information
Service
Technology and Complex Systems
(Communication)
(Organizations)
MMF: Make Money Fast
MIX: Member Information eXchange
(Net lingo)
MIXER: Mime Internet X.400 Enhanced Relay
MMF: Multi Mode Fiber
(Network)
(Hardware)
MJ: Modular Jack
MMF: MultiMedia File
MJD: Modified Julian Date Filename extension
M MKDIR: MaKe DIRectory MMG: Massively Multiplayer Game
MKS: Mortice Kern Systems MMI: Man-Machine Interface
ML: Machine Language MMIS: Materials Manager Information System
ML: Meta Language MML: Maker Macro Language
(Software)
MML: Music Markup Language
MLA: Multi-Letter Abbreviation
MMM: Mobile Media Mode
Used in comedy along with TLA
MMO: Mobile MOdule
MLAPI: MultiLingual Application Programming
(Hardware) (Intel)
Interface
MMOD: Male MODem
MLC: MultiLayer Ceramic
Modem adapter (Hardware) (Cisco)
MLC: MultiLevel Cell
Memory technology (Hardware)
MMOG: Massively Multiplayer Online Game
(Games)
MLE: Multi Language Environment
MMORPG: Massive Multiplayer Online Role
MLE: MultiLine Editor Playing Game
MLE: MultiLine Entry field (Games)

MLI: Multiple Link Interface MMPM: MultiMedia Presentation Manager


MLID: MultiLink Interface Driver MMPM/2: MultiMedia Presentation Manager 2
MLM: Mailing List Manager MMR: Modified Modified Read
MLP: Meridian Lossless Packing MMRPG: Massive Multiplayer Role Playing
Game
MLPPP: MultiLink Point-to-Point Protocol
(Games)
(Communication)
MMS: Maximum Message Size
MLS: MultiLevel Secure
MMS: Merchant Management System
MLT: Mechanized Line Test
Determines obvious line errors or loop lenght indications MMS: Microsoft Media Server
(Hardware) Streaming protocol used by the Microsoft Media Server.
Used to access unicast content from a Windows Media
MM: Management Module Server to a Windows Media Player (Network) (Microsoft)
MM: MicroMiniature MMS: Multimedia Messaging Service
(Hardware)
MMU: Memory Management Unit
MM: Mobile Management (Hardware)
MM: MultiMedia

Page 96 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


MMVF MP

MMVF: MultiMedia Video FIle MOP: Meta Object Protocol


(NEC) A reflective facility of an object-oriented language
(Software)
MMX: Matrix Manipulation eXtensions
(Intel) MOPA: MultiProtocol Over Atm
(Communication)
MMX: MultiMedia eXtensions
(Intel) MOPS: Million Operations Per Second
MNG: Multiple-image Network Graphics MO-ROD: Magneto Optical-Rewriteable Optical
A Portable Network Graphics (PNG)-like image format Disk
supporting multiple, animated, transparent and (Hardware)
compressed images
MOS: Magneto-Optic Storage
MNN: My Netscape Network
MOS: Mean Opinion Score
MNOS: Metal Nitride Oxide Semiconductor
MOS: Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
MNP: Microcom Networking Protocol Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware)
(Network)
MOS: Microsoft Office Specialist
MO: Magneto-Optical (Microsoft)
(Hardware)
MOSES: Massive Open Systems Environment
MO: Managment Object Standard
MO:DCA: Mixed Object Document Content MOSFET: Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Field-
Architecture Effect Transistor
MOB: Memory-Order Buffer (Hardware)

MOC: Microsoft Official Curriculum MOSPF: Multicast Open Shortest Path First
(Microsoft) (Communication)

MOCA: Microsoft Online Crash Analysis MOSS: Microsoft Office Server System
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Software) (Microsoft)

MOD: Magneto-Optical Disk MOSS: Mime Objects Security Services

MOD: Microsoft Office 2000 Developer MOSTL: Microsoft Office Smart Tag List
(Software) (Microsoft) Tool that makes it easy for Office developers to build and
update XML lists of terms to recognize (Software) M
MOD: MODulus (Microsoft)
Reminder of the integer division
MOT: Multimedia Object Transfer
MODEM: MOdulator/DEModulator
MOTD: Message Of The Day
MOF: Managed Object Format
MOTIS: Message-Oriented Text Interchange
(Microsoft)
Systems
MOF: Meta-Object Facility MOTO: Master Of The Obvious
Standard interfaces that can be used to define and
(Net lingo)
manipulate a set of interoperable metamodels and their
corresponding models MOTOS: Member Of The Other Sex
(Net lingo)
MOF: Microsoft Operations Framework
Provides technical guidance that enables organizations to MOTSS: Member Of The Same Sex
achieve mission-critical system reliability, availability, (Net lingo)
supportability, and manageability of Microsoft products and
technologies (Microsoft) MOU: Memorandum of Understanding

MOG: Multiplayer Online Game MOUS: Micorsoft Office User Specialist


(Microsoft)
MOHLL: Machine Oriented High Level
Language MOV: Metal Oxide Varistor
(Hardware)
MOLAP: Multidimensional On-Line Analytical
Processing MOV: MOVe
Processor instruction
MOM: Manufacturing Operations Management
MOV: MOVie
MOM: Message-Oriented Middleware
Fileformat for movies (Apple)
(Software)
MOVS: Microsoft Office/Vba Solution
MOM: Microsoft Office Manager
(Microsoft)
(Microsoft)
MOVS: MOVe String
MOMA: Message-Oriented Middleware
Processor instruction
Association
(Organizations) MO-WORM: Management Object
MONET: Multiwavelength Optical NETwork MP: Massively Parallel
(Network) MP: Master Plan
MOO: Mud, Object Oriented MP: MicroProcessor
A client used to connect to a MUD
MP: Multi Processor
MOP: Maintenance Operations Protocol A computer using two or more nearly equal processing
(Network) units under integrated control (Hardware)

www.acronyms.ch Page 97 of 174


MP MR

MP: Multilink Protocol MPOE: Minimum Point Of Entry


Method for splitting, recombining and sequencing Location phone and data lines first come into a building
datagrams across multiple logical data links. Originally (Communication)
designed to exploit multiple bearer channels in ISDN, it's
MPOW: Multiple Purpose Operator
equally applicable to any situation in which multiple PPP
links connect two systems (Network)
Workstation

MP: MultiProtocol MPP: Massively Parallel Processing

MP: My Pleasure MPP: Message Posting Protocol


(Net lingo) MPP: Message Processing Program
MP+: Multichannel Protocol Plus MPPC: Microsoft Point to Point Compression
(Network) (Ascend) (Network) (Microsoft)
MP3: MPeg layer 3 MPPD: Multi Purpose Peripheral Device
Sound encoding format (Software)
MPPE: Microsoft Point to Point Encryption
MP4: MPeg layer 4 Encrypts data for Point to Point Protocol (PPP) or Point to
Sound encoding format (Software) Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connections (Network)
(Microsoft)
MPA: Memo Pad Archive
Filename extension MPQP: Multi-Protocol Quad Port
(IBM)
MPAA: Motion Picture Association of America
(Organizations) MPR: MultiPart Repeater

MPC: Mobile Productivity Center MPR: Multi-Protocol Routing


Palm cradle (Hardware) (Network)

MPC: Multimedia Personal Computer MPS: MultiPage Signal


Multimedia specifications MPS: Multiple Priority System
MPC: MultiPath Channel (Network)

MPC+: MultiPath Channel Plus MPS: MultiProcessor Specification


(IBM) MPSX: Mathematical Programming System
MPCC: MultiProtocol Communication eXtended
Controller MPT: MultiPort Transceiver
M (Hardware)
MPTA: Multi Protocol Transport Architecture
MPCS: Mission Planning and Control Station
MPTN: Multi-Protocol Transport Network
MPDU: Message Protocol Data Unit
MPTP: Micro Payment Transfer Protocol
MPE: Multi-Programming Executive
MPTS: Multi-Protocol Transport Services
(HP)
MPTS/2: Multi Protocol Transport Services 2
MPEG: Moving Picture Experts Group
A group that has developed standards for compressing MPTY: More Power To You
moving pictures and audio data and for synchronizing video (Net lingo)
and audio datastreams. Also, a file format
MPU: MicroProcessor Unit
MPI: Message Passing Interface (Hardware)
(Sun)
MPVM: Message Parallel Virtual Machine
MPI: MultiPrecision Integer (Sun)
MPI: Multiprocessor Interconnect Bus MPW: Macintosh Programmer's Workshop
(Software) (Apple)
MPIF: Message Passing Interface Forum
MPIF: Multi-Processor Interconnect Facility MQ: Message Queuing
A facilty to support multiple TPF complexes (Software)
communicating with each other (IBM) MQE: Managed Query Environment
MPK: MultiProcessing Kernel (Databases)
(Operating systems) MQH: Memory Queue Handler
MPL: Message Passing Library On Sun server systems, the device on the system board
(IBM) that provides the interface between the system board
SIMMs and the backplane XDBus (Hardware) (Sun)
MPL: Mozilla Public License
MQI: Message Queuing Interface
MPLS: MultiProtocol Label Switching (IBM)
An architecture on the IETF standards track for integrating
a mechanism for label-swapping with Layer 3 routing to MR: Magneto-Resistive
accelerate packet forwarding (Network) Hard disk head technology (Hardware)

MPMD: Multiple Processor/Multiple Data MR: Maintenance Release


(Software)
MPOA: Multi-Protocol Over Atm
An ATM Forum standard for the routing of multiple MR: Memory Read
protocols across an ATM substrate. It enables ATM (Hardware)
services to be integrated with existing local-area networks
MR: Modem Ready
that use Ethernet, token-ring or TCP/IP protocols
(Network) MR: Modified Read

Page 98 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


MRAM MSDOS

MRAM: Magnetic Random Access Memory MS: Mobile Station


(Hardware)
MSA: Management Services Architecture
MRB: Method Request Broker (IBM)
MRC: Mesh Router Chip MSAA: MicroSoft Active Accessibility
(Network) (Software)
MRCF: Microsoft Realtime Compression MSAA: Multi-Sample Anti-Aliasing
Format Anti-aliasing technique using multiple samples offset by a
fraction of a pixel (Hardware)
MRCI: Microsoft Real-time Compression
Interface MSACM: MicroSoft Audio Compression
(Microsoft) Manager
(Microsoft)
MRCP: Media Resource Control Protocol
Protocol specifically designed to address the need for MSAU: MultiStation Access Unit
client control of media processing resources such as (Network)
Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) and Text-To-Speech
MSAV: MicroSoft Anti Virus
(TTS) engines
(Microsoft)
MREQ: Memory REQuest
MSB: Most Significant Bit (or Byte)
Microprocessor signal used in I/O addressing (Hardware)
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging MSBD: Media Stream Broadcast Distribution
Protocol used to distribute streams between Windows
A medical imaging technique used for image capture.
Media Encoder and the Windows Media server components,
Tissue area is simultaneously subjected to
and to transfer streams between servers (Microsoft)
electromagnetic radiation and a magnetic field
M-RIB: Multicast Routing Information Base MSBF: Mean Swaps Between Failures
(Network) MSC: MicroSoft C
MRJ: Macos Runtime for Java MSC: Mobile Switching Center
(Software) (Apple) MSCDEX: MicroSoft CD-rom EXtensions
MRM: Most Recently used Master (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

MRNET: Minnesota Regional NETwork MSCE: MicroSoft Certified Engineer


MRO: Maintenance, Repair and Operation (Microsoft)
MSCHAP: MicroSoft Challenge Handshake M
MRO: Multi-Region Operation
Authentication Protocol
(IBM)
(Microsoft)
MROC: Miniature Ruggedized Optical
Correlator MSCM: Multiple Slots on Continuation
Mechanism
(Hardware)
MSCP: Mass Storage Control Protocol
MRP: Manufacturing Resource Planning
MRP: Material Requirement Planning MSCS: MicroSoft Cluster Server
MSCT: MicroSoft Certified Trainer
MRPL: Main Ring Path Length
(Microsoft)
MRS: Media Recognition System
MSCTEC: MicroSoft Certified Technical
MRS: Message Routing System Education Center
(Communication) (Microsoft)
MRS: Micro Reflective Structure MSD: Mass Storage Device
(Hardware) (Sharp)
MSD: Microsoft System Diagnostics
MRS: Monitoring and Recovery Subsystem (Microsoft)
MrSID: MultiResolution Seamless Image MSD: Most Significant Digit
Database
Image compression algorithm MSDA: MicroSoft Direct Access
(Microsoft)
MRT: Mean Repair Time
MSDE: MicroSoft Database Engine
MRTG: Multi Router Traffic Grapher (Databases) (Microsoft)
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit MSDE: MicroSoft Desktop Engine
MRU: Most Recently Used (Databases) (Microsoft)

MR-X: Magneto Resistive - eXtended MSDK: Microsoft Solutions Development Kit


(Hardware) (Microsoft)

MS: Memory Stick MSDL: MicroSoft Download Library


(Hardware) (Sony) (Microsoft)

MS: Memory System MSDN: Macintosh Software Distribution


Network
MS: Message Store
MSDN: MicroSoft Developer Network
MS: MicroSoft
(Microsoft)
ms: MilliSecond
MSDOS: MicroSoft Disk Operating System
Time measurement unit

www.acronyms.ch Page 99 of 174


MSDP MTBJ

MSDP: Multicast Source Directory Protocol MSN: Multiple Subscriber Number


Developed for peering between Internet service providers
MSNF: Multiple Systems Networking Facility
(ISPs), it enables Rendezvous Points (RPs) to share
information about active sources (Network) MSO: Multiple-Systems Operator
MSDR: Multiplexed Streaming Data Request MSP: Management Service Provider
MSDS: MicroSoft Developer Support MSP: Message Send Protocol
(Microsoft) (Network)

MSDSS: MicroSoft Directory Synchronization MSP: Messaging Service Provider


Services MSP: MicroSoft Paint
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
File name extension (Microsoft)
MSDTC: MicroSoft Distributed Transactions MSR: Magnetic Super Resolution
Coordinator
(Hardware)
(Databases) (Microsoft)
MSR: MicroSoft Research
MSE: MicroSoft Exchange
(Microsoft)
(Software) (Microsoft)
MSR: MicroSoft Reserved (partition)
MsecSP: Managed SECurity Service Provider
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
MSEQ: MicroSoft English Query MSRN: Mobile Station Roaming Number
(Databases) (Microsoft)
MSRP: Manufacturer Suggested Retail Price
MSF: Microsoft Solutions Framework
(Microsoft) MSS: Managed Security Service

MSFC: Multilayer Switch Feature Card MSS: Mass Storage Subsystem


(Network) An early version of the Sun pedestal disk storage system
(Hardware) (Sun)
MSFP: Management Service Focal Point
MSS: Multiprotocol Switched Server
MSFR: Minimum Security Function (Hardware) (IBM)
Requirements
(IBM)
MSSP: Managed Security Service Provider

MSG: MeSsaGe MST: Mountain Standard Time


Timezone: GMT -7:00
M File name extension
MSTS: MicroSoft Terminal Server
MSI: Medium-Scale Integration
(Operating systems)
The process of placing from 100 to 3,000 transistors on a
chip (Hardware) MSU: Mass Storage Unit
MSI: MicroSoft Installer (Hardware)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) MSU: Media Server Unit
MSIE: MicroSoft Internet Explorer MSU: Millions of Service Units
(Software) (Microsoft)
MSU: Modem Sharing Unit
MSIL: MicroSoft Intermediate Language (Hardware)
(Software) (Microsoft)
MSVC: MicroSoft Visual C
MSIMN: MicroSoft Internet Mail and News
MSW: Machine Status Word
(Microsoft)
MT: Machine Translation
MSISDN: Mobile Station Integrated Services
Digital Network MT: Management Team
The number used to call a mobile subscriber. An MSISDN MTA: Message Transfer Agent
consists of a country code, a national destination code and
An ISO/OSI application process that stores and forwards
a subscriber number (Communication)
messages in the X.400 message handling system.
MS-ISDN: Mobile Station Integrated Services Compare with Internet mail agent
Digital Network number MTA: Message Transfer Architecture
MSJ: Microsoft Systems Journal (Software)
Microsoft magazine (Microsoft) MTA: Multimedia Terminal Adapter
MSK: Minimum-Shift Keying MTA: Multiple Terminal Access
MSKB: MicroSoft Knowledge Base MTA: Multi-Threaded Apartment
(Microsoft) A threading context in which components must handle
MSL: Map Specification Library synchronization themselves. Under COM+ the threads that
run in the MTA com from a thread pool managed by the
MSL: Microsoft Software Library system (Software) (Microsoft)
MSL: Mirrored Server Link MTBB: Mean Time Between Breakdowns
MSLU: MicroSoft Layer for Unicode MTBCF: Mean Time Between Critical Failures
(Software) (Microsoft)
MTBF: Mean Time Between Failures
MSMQ: MicroSoft Message Queue The average time a component can operate without a
(Network) (Microsoft) failure. The MTBF is the number of failures divided by the
number of hours the component has operated (Hardware)
MSN: MicroSoft Network
(Network) (Microsoft) MTBJ: Mean Time Between Jams

Page 100 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


MTBRP MVP

MTBRP: Mean Time Between Parts MTTR: Mean Time To Repair


Replacement The average time required to bring an array storage
subsystem back to full fault tolerance. (Hardware)
MTC: Midi Time Code
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit
MTD: Memory Technology Drivers
MUA: Mail User Agent
MTD: Month To Date
Time series function MUD: Multi-User Dialogue
MTDA: Mean Time between Data Access MUD: Multi-User Dimensions
The average time before non-redundant components fail, Formerly, Multi-User Dungeon
causing data inaccessibility without loss or corruption.
MUD: Multi-User Dungeon
(Hardware)
Multi-user interactive role-playing games on the Internet
MTDL: Mean time to Data Loss
MUG: Multi-User Game
The average time before the failure of an array component
causes data to be lost or corrupted. (Hardware) MUI: Multilanguage User Interface
(Operating systems)
MTDT: Moscow Time Daylight Time
Timezone: GMT +3:00 MUI: Multimedia User Interface
MTE: MuTating Engine MUL: MULtiply
MTF: Microsoft Tape Format MULDEM: MULtiplexer-DEMultiplexer
(Hardware) (Microsoft) MULTICS: MULTiplexed Information and
MTF: Modulation Transfer Function Computing Service
(Hardware) MULTOS: MULTiapplication-card Operating
MTFTP: Multicast Trivial File Transfer System
Protocol (Operating systems)
(Network) MUMBLE: Multi User Multicast Basic Language
MTH: Memory Translator Hub Exchange
(Hardware) MUMPS: Massachusetts "general hospital"
MTI: Mips Technologies Inc. Utility Multi-Programming System
A programming language with extensive tools for the
MTM: Mobile Trusted Module support of database management systems. MUMPS was
(Security) originally used for medical records and is now widely used M
MTN: Mobile Telephone Network where multiple users access the same databases
simultaneously, e.g. banks, stock exchanges,...
MTOM: Message Transmission Optimization (Databases)
Mechanism
MUP: Multiple Unc Provider
MTP: Message Transfer Part (Network)
MTP: Multicast Transport Protocol MUSE: Multi-User Simulated Environment
(Network)
MUT: Monitor Under Test
MTRP: Maximum Transfer Rate Performance
MUX: MUltipleXer
MTS: Message Telephone Service
MUX: Multi-User eXperience
MTS: Message Transfer System
(Software)
mV: MilliVolt

MTS: Michigan Terminal System MVA: Market Value Added


Academic operating system (OS), 1960s-90s. Along with MVA: Multi-domain Vertical Alignment
Multics at MIT, it was among the first operational virtual (Hardware) (Fujitsu)
memory operating systems in the world (Operating
systems) MVB: Multimedia Viewer Book

MTS: Microsoft Transaction Server MVC: Model View Controller


(Microsoft) MVC: Multimedia Viewer Compiler
MTS: Multichannel Television Sound MVCC: Multi-Version Concurrency Control
MTSO: Mobile Telephone Switching Office (Databases)
(Network) MVD: MultiValued Dependencies
MTST: Magnetic Tape Selectric Typewriter MVDM: Multiple Virtual DOS Machines
(Hardware) (IBM)
MVGA: Monochrome Video Graphics Array
MTST: Moscow Time Standard Time MVIF: Multi-Vendor Interacting Forum
Timezone: GMT +3:00
MVIP: MultiVendor Integration Protocol
MTT: Multi-Transaction Timer
MVLS: Microsoft Volume License Site
MTTD: Mean Time To Diagnose (Microsoft)
MTTF: Mean Time To Failure MVNO: Mobile Virtual Network Operator
(Hardware)
MVP: Most Valuable Professional
MTTFF: Mean Time To First Failure (Microsoft)
MVP: Multimedia Video Processor

www.acronyms.ch Page 101 of 174


MVP NASAA

MVP: Music Video Producer NACCB: National Association of Computer


(Software) Consultant Businesses
(Organizations)
MVR: Multimedia Vehicle and Repository
(Software) (IBM) NACD: National Association of Computer
Dealers
MVS: Multiple Virtual Storage
IBM Mainframe operating system (IBM) NACS: National Advisory Committee on
Semiconductors
MVS/SP: Multiple Virtual Storage/System
Product NACS: Netware Asynchronous
Communication Server
MVS/XA: Multiple Virtual Storage/eXtended
Architecture NACS: Network Access Control System
MVT: Multiprogramming with a Variable NAD: Network Access Device
number of Tasks NAD: Network Activity Display
MW: Memory Write (Network)
(Hardware) NAE: Not Above or Equal
MW: MiddleWare NAG: National Algorithms Group
MWFM: Mobile Wireless Fault Mediator NAG: Network Architecture Group
(Network) (Cisco)
NAK: Not AcKnowledged
MWI: Mobile Web Initiative A control code returned by a receiving station indicating
Proposes to address issues like interoperability and that a station with an established connection has sent
usability for mobile phones through a concerted effort of incorrect information
players in the mobile field, including authoring tool
vendors, content providers, handset manufacturers, NAL: Novell Application Launcher
browser vendors and mobile operators (Software) (Novell)

MWM: Motif Window Manager NAM: Number Assignment Module


(Operating systems) NAMI: Network Adaptive Multimedia Image
MWS: Matsushita White Skipping NAMPS: Narrow-band Analog Mobile Phone
MX: Mail eXchanger Service

M MXCC: Module Xbus Cache Controller NAMS: National Association of Multimedia


On Sun server systems, a device located on the processor Shareware
module that controls the ow of data between the XBus and NaN: Not A Number
N the module cache RAM and processor chip (Hardware)
A symbolic entry that is encoded in oating-point format
(Sun)
(Software)
MXF: Material eXchange Format NANAE: News.Admin.Net-Abuse.Email
A SMPTE standard that defines a file format for AV media
Usenet newsgroups
and associated metadata
NAP: Network Access Point
MXS: Microsoft eXchange Server
A symbolic entry that is encoded in floating-point format
On Sun server systems, a device located on the processor
(Network)
module that controls the flow of data between the XBus and
the module cache RAM and processor chip (Microsoft) NAPI: Network Application Programming
MZ: Mark Zbikowski Interface
DOS executable file header identifier NAPLPS: North American Presentation-Level
Protocol Syntax
MZAP: Multicast-scope Zone Announcement
(Communication)
Protocol
Protocol for discovering the multicast administrative scope NAPT: Network Address & Port Translation
zones that are relevant at a particular location. MZAP also (Network)
provides mechanisms whereby common misconfigurations
of administrative scope zones can be discovered NARP: Nbma Address Resolution Protocol
(Communication) (Network)

MZR: Multiple Zone Recording NAS: Netobjects Authoring Server


NAS: Netscape Application Server
N (Operating systems) (Netscape)

n: Nano NAS: Network Access Server


Prefix for 10 power -9 (Network)

N/I: Non-Interlaced NAS: Network Application Support


(DEC)
N+I: Networld + Interop
Trade conference NAS: Network Attached Storage
(Hardware)
NAB: National Association of Broadcasters
NASA: National Aeronautics and Space
NAB: Netscape Application Builder
Administration
(Software) (Netscape)
(Organizations)
NAC: Network Adapter Card
NASAA: North American Securities
NAC: Network Administration Center Administrators Association
(Organizations)

Page 102 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


NASDAQ NCP

NASDAQ: National Association of Securities NBT: NetBios on Tcp/ip


Dealers Automatic Quotation
NC: Naming Context
NASI: Netware Asynchronous Services Part of the Active Directory configuration (replication
Interface topology and related metadata) (Network) (Microsoft)
(Novell) NC: Network Computer
NASIRC: Nasa Automated Systems Internet (Network)
Response Capability NC: Network Control
NASKER: Nasa AmeS KERnel NC: Network Coordinator
NASL: Name/Age/Sex/Location NC: No Carry
(Net lingo)
NC: No Connection
NASSL: Network Accessible Services (Hardware)
Specification Language
NC: Norton Commander
NAT: Network Address Translation
A technology that enables a network to use one set of IP NC: Numerical Control
addresses for internal traffic and a second for external NCA: Network Communications Adapter
traffic (Network)
NCA: Network Computing Architecture
NATOA: National Association of
(Oracle)
Telecommunications Officers & Advisors
NCAPI: Netscape Client Application
NAT-PT: Network Address Translation - Programming Interface
Protocol Translation
(Software) (Netscape)
(Communication)
NCC: National Computer Conference
NAU: Network Access Unit
(Network) NCC: National Computing Center
NAU: Network Addressable Unit NCC: Network Control Center
(Network) (Network)

NAUN: Nearest Active Upstream Neighbour NCC: Norton Control Center


Norton Utilities' program (Software) (Symantec)
NAV: Norton Anti Virus
(Symantec) NCC: Novell Customer Connection
(Novell)
NAVSTAR: NAVigation Satellite Timing And
Ranging NCCF: Network Communications Control
NAWS: Negotiate About Window Size
Facility N
NCD: Network Computing Device
NBD: Next Business Day
Support term NCF: Netware Command File
(Novell)
NBDD: NetBios Datagram Distribution
(Network) NCF: Network Computing Framework
(Network) (IBM)
NBE: Not Below or Equal
NCGA: National Computer Graphics
NBI: Nothing But Initials Association
NBMA: Non-Broadcast Multi Access NCI: Network Computer, Inc.
NBNS: NetBios Name Service Manufacturer
Service that keeps track of which names are in use at
NCI: Non Coded Information
which IP addresses, thus allowing the underlying IP
network to find the nodes and transport NetBIOS NCIA: Native Client Interface Architecture
messages between them. The Name Service runs on UDP
NCIC: National Crime Information Center
port 137 (Network)
NCITS: National Committee for Information
NBO: Networked Business Object
Technology Standards
(Software)
NCMOS: N-channel Complementary Metal
NBP: Name Binding Protocol
Oxyde Semiconductor
NBP: Network Bootstrap Program
NCMT: N-channel Complementary Metal
This is the first program that is downloaded into a machine
Oxide Semiconductor
that has selected a Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE)
capable device for remote boot services NCN: Nixdorf Communications Network
NBS: Narrowband Socket NCOS: Network Computer Operating System
NBS: National Bureau of Standards NCP: Netware Core Protocol
(Organizations) NCP: Network Control Program
NBS: Numeric BackSpace Communication management in IBM networks (Network)
(IBM)
NBSCP: NetBios Frames Control Protocol
(Network) NCP: Network Control Protocol
(Network)
NBSP: Non-Breakable SPace
NCP: Non-Carbon Paper
NBSS: NetBios Session Service
(Network) NCP: Not Copy Protected

www.acronyms.ch Page 103 of 174


NCQ NFM

NCQ: Native Command Queuing NEARNET: New England Academic and


Technology designed to increase performance and Research NETwork
endurance by allowing the drive to internally optimize the
execution order of workloads (Hardware)
NEAT: Novell Easy Administration Tool
(Novell)
NCR: National Cash Registers
NEB: Netscape Extension Builder
NCS: Network Computing System (Software) (Netscape)
(HP)
NEC: National Electrical Code
NCSA: National Center for Supercomputing
NEC: Nippon Electric Corporation
Applications
(NEC)
The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign developers
of the original NCSA Mosaic browser (Organizations) NECA: National Exchange Carrier Association
NCSC: National Computer Security Center (Organizations)
(Organizations) NED: Nano-Emissive Display
NCSI: Network Communications Services (Hardware)
Interface NEFS: Network Extensible File System
NCSL: National Computer Systems Laboratory NEG: NEGative
NCTE: Network Channel-Terminating NELIAC: Navy Electronics Laboratory
Equipment International Algol Compiler
NCTL: National Computer and NEMA: National Electrical Manufacturers
Telecommunications Laboratory Association
NDA: Non Disclosure Agreement NEP: Network Entry Point
NDAC: No Data ACcepted NEP: Network Equipment Provider
NDB: Non-Directional Beacon NES: National Education Supercomputer
NDC: Normalized Device Coordinates NES: Netscape Enterprise Server
The coordinate system between the user’s world (Software) (Netscape)
coordinates (WC) and the graphics system’s physical
device coordinates in the viewing pipeline NEST: Novell Embedded Systems Technology
(Novell)
NDCC: Network Data Collection Center
NetBEUI: NETwork Bios Extended User
NDDK: Network Device Development Kit Interface
N NDDL: Neutral Data Definition Language (Network)

NDE: News Development Environment NetBIOS: NETwork Basic Input Output System
(Network)
NDEF: Not DEFined
NDIS: Network Driver Interface Specification NETBLT: NETwork BLock Transfer
(Network) NETCDF: NETwork Common Data Format
NDL: Network Database Language NETMON: NETwork MONitor
(Databases)
NEWS: Netware Early Warning System
NDM: Network Data Manager NEWS: Network Extensible Window System
On-line storage service A window system based on PostScript that Sun developed
NDMP: Network Data Management Protocol and licenses (Operating systems) (Sun)
(Network) NEWT: NEWs Terminal
NDMS: Netware Distributed Management NEXT: Near-End CrossTalk
Services
NeXT: NEw eXtended Technology
NDN: Non-Delivery Notice
NF: Naturally Flat
NDP: Numeric Data Processor Crt technology (Hardware) (Mitsubishi)
NDPS: Novell Distributed Print Services NFAS: Non-Facility Associated Signaling
(Network) (Novell) In ISDN, a single D-channel can control multiple PRIs
NDR: Network Data Representation (Network)
(Network) NFE: Net Future Expectation
NDR: Non-Delivery Report NFF: No Fault Found
NDRO: Non Destructive ReadOut NFI: Near Field Imaging
NDS: Netware Directory Service Touch screen where the screen itself is the sensor. NFI
uses a sophisticated sensing circuit that can detect a
(Network) (Novell)
conductive object - a finger or conductive stylus - through
NDT: Non Destructive Testing a layer of glass, as well as through gloves or other
potential barriers (Hardware)
NE: Network Element
(Network) NFI: No F***ing Idea
(Net lingo)
NE: Not Equal
(Software) NFM: No Further Messages
End of script, ie: you dont want to talk to this person
anymore (Net lingo)

Page 104 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


NFR NITOL

NFR: Near Field Recording NID: New Interactive Display


(Hardware) (NEC)

NFS: Need For Speed NID: Next IDentifier


Racing computer and video games by Electronic Arts
NIDL: Network Interface Definition Language
released on platforms including personal computers,
(Network)
Nintendo, Xbox, Xbox 360, PlayStation 2 and PlayStation
Portable consoles (Games) NIDS: Network Intrusion Detection System
NFS: Network File System (Security)
A Sun distributed file system that provides transparent NIFC: Netscape Internet Foundation Classes
access to remote file systems on heterogeneous networks (Software) (Netscape)
(Operating systems) (Sun)
NIH: Not Invented Here
NFSU2: Need For Speed: Underground 2
Racing game, developed and published by Electronic Arts
NIHCL: National Institute of Health Class
in 2003. It is part of the Need for Speed computer and Library
video game series (Games) NII: National Information Infrastructure
NFT: Network File Transfer NIIT: National Information Infrastructure
NG: NewsGroup Testbed
Discussion forum NILO: Network Interface LOader
NGE: Not Greater or Equal Boot Linux, FreeBSD, Windows 95/98/NT4 and support the
Intel PXE standard, and is suitable for burning into ROM. It
NGI: Next Generation Internet is an evolution of the previous Etherboot and Netboot
NGIO: Next Generation Input Output projects. See http://www.nilo.org/
(Hardware) (Intel) NIM: Network Installation Management
NGWS: Next Generation Windows Services (IBM)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) NiMH: NIckel-Metal Hydride
NHC: National Hurricane Center Rechargable battery technology

NHR: National Handwriting Recognition NIMS: Novell Internet Messaging System


(Novell)
NHRP: Next Hop Resolution Protocol
(Network) NIO: Native Input/Output
Rechargeable battery technology
NHSE: National Hpcc Software Exchange
NIO: New Input/Output
NI: New Instructions
(Hardware) (Intel)
Java's new I/O subsystem (Software) (Sun) N
NIPR: Non-secure Internet Protocol Router
NI: No Increase
(Network)
NI: Non Interlaced NIPS: Network I/os Per Second
(Hardware)
NIR: Network Information Retrieval
NIA: Next Instruction Address (Network)
NIAM: Natural language Information Analysis
NIS: Network Information Service
Method
A distributed network database containing key information
NIC: Network Information Center about the systems and the users on the network. The NIS
Originally, a single NIC at SRI International served the database is stored on the master server and all the slave
ARPANET (and later the defense data network [DDN] servers (Network) (Sun)
community) (Network)
NIS: Norton Internet Security
NIC: Network Interface Card (Software) (Symantec)
(Hardware)
NIS/YP: Network Information System/Yellow
NIC: New Internet Computer Pages
(Hardware) N-ISDN: Narrowband Integrated Services
NIC: Numeric Intensive Computing Digital Network
NiCd: NIckel-CaDmium N-ISDN: National Integrated Services Digital
Rechargable battery technology Network
NICE: Narrative, Immersive, Collaborative NISI: Network Information Services
Environment Infrastructure
Rechargeable battery technology (Network)

NICE: Network Information and Control NISO: National Information Standards


Exchange Organization
NICE: Novell Internet Connection Expert NISP: Networked Information Services
(Network) (Novell) Project
NICOLAS: Network Information Center OnLine NIST: National Institute of Standards and
Aid System Technology
(NASA) (Organizations)

NID: Network Interface Device NITC: National Information Technology


(Hardware)
Center
NITOL: Norway-net with IT for Open Learning

www.acronyms.ch Page 105 of 174


NIU NORMA

NIU: Network Interface Unit NMF: Network Management Forum


NIW: Network Installation Wizard NMH: Not Much Here
(Software) (Microsoft) (Net lingo)
NIXL: Nas Interface eXchange Language NM-HDV: Network Module - High Density Voice
(Network) (Hardware) (Cisco)
NJ: Nice Job NMI: Native Method Invocation
(Net lingo) (Software)
NJE: Network Job Entry NMI: Non-Maskable Interrupt
(IBM) (Hardware)
NJM: Native Java Microprocessor NML: Network Management Layer
(Hardware)
NML: Nonconfirmed Mailing List
NL: New Line Database of Internet Protocol addresses (IP addresses)
which have been demonstrated to be the sources of mailing
NLA: Network Location Awareness
lists which do not fully verify the email addresses on their
Enables Windows Sockets 2 applications to identify the list. See http://mail-abuse.org/nml/
logical network to which a Windows computer is attached
and to which physical network interface a given application NMLI: Native Mode Lan Interconnection
has saved specific information (Operating systems) Is an IntraLATA high speed transport service used to
(Microsoft) interconnect LANs at geographically separated sites
(Network)
NLANR: National Laboratory for Applied
Network Research NMM: Netware Management Map
(Novell)
NLB: Network Load Balancing
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) NMM: Network Management Module
(Network)
NLDM: Network Logical Data Manager
NMOS: Negative Channel Metal-Oxide
NLE: Not Less or Equal
Semiconductor
NLM: Netware Loadable Module
NMP: Network Management Protocol
(Operating systems) (Novell)
(AT&T)
NLP: Natural Language Processing
NMPA: National Music Publishers Association
NLPID: Network Layer Protocol IDentifier (Organizations)
NLQ: Near Letter Quality NMPF: Network Management Productivity
N NLS: National Language Support Facility
(Operating systems) NMR: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
NLS: Netware Licensing Service NMS: Netelligent Management Software
(Novell) (Network)
NLS: Network License Server NMS: Network Management System
NLSFUNC: National Language Support NMT: Nordic Mobile Telephone
FUNCtion Pre-GSM mobile telephone network in the nordic countries
(Communication)
NLSP: Netware Link Services Protocol
Link-state routing protocol based on IS-IS. See also IS-IS NMU: Network Management Unit
NLT: Natural Language Technology (Hardware)
(Software) NN: Network Node
NLUUG: NetherLands Unix User Group NN: Neural Network
(Organizations)
NN: No News
NLV: National Language Version NNI: Network-Node Interface
(IBM)
(Communication)
NLX: New Low-profile Extended NNM: Network Node Manager
Motherboard format, evolution of LPX (Hardware)
(Network)
NM: Network Management NNSC: Nsf Network Service Center
(Network)
NNTP: Network News Transport Protocol
NM: Nothing Much
(Communication)
(Net lingo)
NOC: Network Operation Center
NMA: Network Management Architecture
A center that operates a production network. Tasks include
NMC: Network Management Center monitoring and control, troubleshooting, and user
assistance (Network)
NME: Norton Mobile Essentials
(Software) (Symantec) NOP: No OPeration
(Hardware)
NMEA: National Marine Electronics
Association NOPAC: Network On-line Public Access
Organization that developed (among other things) the Catalog
NMEA interface standard for data exchange between NORA: Non-Obvious Relationship Awareness
marine electronic devices, also used today in most Global
Positioning Systems (GPSs) (Organizations) NORMA: NO Remote Memory Access

Page 106 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


NOS NSS

NOS: Network Operating System NRZI: NonReturn to Zero Inverted


NOTA: None Of The Above NRZL: NonReturn to Zero Level
For multiple choice answers (Net lingo) NS: Name Server
NOW: Network Of Workstations ns: NanoSecond
(Hardware)
Time measurement unit
NOYB: None Of Your Business NS: National Semiconductor
(Net lingo)
NS: Network Series
NP: No Problem (Hardware)
Answer when someone says ty/thank you (Net lingo)
NS: Network Supervisor
NP: Nondeterministic Polynomial time
NS: Non Stop
NP: Number Portability
(Communication)
NSA: National Security Agency
(Organizations)
NPA: Network Printer Alliance
NSA POLY: National Security Agency
NPA: Numbering Plan Address POLYgraph
NPDA: Network Problem Determination Aid NSAP: Network Services Access Point
NPE: Null Pointer Exception (Network)
A NPE happens when trying to access data from a null NSAPI: Netscape Server Application
memory location (Software)
Programming Interface
NPH: No Parse Headers (Software) (Netscape)
NPI: Network Printer Interface NSB: Netware for Small Business
NPL: Netscape Public License (Operating systems) (Novell)
(Netscape) NSC: Network Service Center
NPL: Non-Procedural Language NSC: Norton System Center
(Software) (Software) (Symantec)
NPM: Network Printer Manager NSERC: National Sciences and Engineering
(Software) Research Council
NPMS: Named Pipes/Mail Slots NSF: National Science Foundation
(Organizations)
NPP: Network Payment Protocol
NPS: Novell Productivity Specialist
NSfIP: NextStep For Intel Processors N
(Novell) NSFNET: National Science Foundation
NETwork
NPSI: Network Protocol Service Interface
NSI: Nasa Science Internet
NPT: Non-Programmable Terminal
(Hardware) NSI: Network Solutions, Inc
Manages .com, .net, .org, .edu top level domains
NPTN: National Public Telecomputing Network
(Organizations)
NPU: Natural Processing Unit
NSIS: National Schengen Information System
NPU: Network Processing Unit
NSIS: Nullsoft Scriptable Install System
(Communication)
Tool that allows programmers to create quick and user
NPX: Numeric Processor eXtension friendly installers for Windows. It is released under an open
source license and is completely free for any use. See also
NQS: Network Queing System http://nsis.sourceforge.net/ (Software)
NRC: National Research Council
NSM: Netscape Server Manager
(Organizations)
(Netscape)
NREN: National Research and Education
NSM: Network and System Management
Network
NSN: Nasa Science Network
NRFD: Not Ready For Data
(Communication) NSP: Native Signal Processing
NRL: Namespace Routing Language NSP: Network Service Provider

NRM: Network Resource Manager NSP: Network Services Protocol


NRM: Normal Response Mode NSPR: NetScape Portable Runtime
HDLC data transfer mode (Network) Provides platform independence for non-GUI operating
system facilities, including threads, thread
NRN: No Response Needed synchronization, normal file and network I/O, interval
(Net lingo) timing and calendar time, basic memory management
(malloc and free) and shared library linking (Netscape)
NROFF: New Run-OFF
NSS: Network Security Service
NRP: Node Route Processor
Set of libraries designed to support cross-platform
(Hardware) (Cisco)
development of security-enabled server applications.
NRZ: Non Return to Zero Applications built with NSS can support SSL v2 and v3,
Data transmission using +/- voltage levels or carrier TLS, PKCS #5, PKCS #7, PKCS #11, PKCS #12, S/MIME,
offsets (Hardware) X.509 v3 certificates, and other standards

www.acronyms.ch Page 107 of 174


NSS NVM

NSS: Network Storage Solutions NTRU: Number Theory is Really Useful


Company Technology for high speed, low footprint public key
cryptography, based on the mathematics of lattice
NSS: Nodal Switching Subsystem reduction. (Marketed by NTRU Cryptosystems, Inc,
NSS: Novell Storage Services http://www.ntru.com/) (Security)
(Novell) NTS/2: Network Transport Services 2
NSSC: Nasa Standard Spacecraft Computer NTSA: Netware Telephony Services
NSTC: National Science and Technology Architecture
Council (Novell)

NSTL: National Software Testing Labs NTSC: National Television Systems Committee
The group that proposed a method of composite color
NT: Network Terminator
encoding based on quadrature modulation of I and Q color
NT: New Technology difference components onto a color subcarrier and adding
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) the resulting chroma signal to luminance (Organizations)

NT: Nice Try NTSD: New Technology Symbolic Debugger


(Net lingo) (Microsoft)

NT: No Text NTSL: National Software Testing Laboratories


(Net lingo) (Organizations)

NT: Nome Time NTT: Nippon Telephone & Telegraph


Timezone: GMT -11:00 NTU: Network Termination Unit
NT-1: Network Terminator type 1 NTWS: New Technology WorkStation
NTAS: New Technology Advanced Server (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) NUA: Network User Address
NTCR: New Technology Challenge/Response NUB: Network Utility Box
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Hardware)
NTDS: New Technology Directory Service NUI: Network User Identification
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Network)
NTE: New Technology Embedded NUI: Network User Interface
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Operating systems)
NTF: No Trouble Found NUI: Notebook User Interface
N NTFS: New Technology File System NUL: NULl
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) An invisible character with an internal code of 0 that
NTHQ: New Technology Hardware Qualifier occupies no space if printed. Not to be confused with a
blank, which is invisible but occupies a space
Hardware troubleshooting program (Operating systems)
(Microsoft) NUMA: NonUniform Memory Access
NTIA: National Telecommunications and NURB: Non Uniform Rational B-spline
Information Administration
NURBS: Non Uniform Rational B-Spline
(Organizations)
A curve definition method based on the B-spline curve,
NTIS: National Technical Information Service which offers additional exibility through knots along the
spline. Some knots can have more weight added (like a
NTK: Newton ToolKit magnet) to pull the curve toward those knots
NTLDR: New Technology LoaDeR
NURMS: Non Uniform Rational MeshSmooth
Bootstrap loader for Microsoft Windows NT-based
Method of tesselation used by 3D Studio MAX (Software)
operating systems (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NUUG: Norwegian Unix User Group
NTLM: New Technology Lan Manager
(Organizations)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NV: No oVerflow
NTO: Network Terminal Operator
A curve definition method based on the B-spline curve,
(Network)
which offers additional flexibility through knots along the
NTONC: National Transparent Optical spline. Some knots can have more weight added (like a
Network Consortium magnet) to pull the curve toward those knots
(Organizations) NVDL: Namespace-based Validation
NTOP: New Technology Option Pack Dispatching Language
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) Allows specifying sections of XML documents to be
validated against different schemas thus enabling the
NTP: Network Time Protocol creation of complex documents containing multiple
(Communication) languages
NTRAS: New Technology Remote Access NVDM/2: NetView Distribution Manager 2
Services
NVE: Network Visible Entity
NTRK: New Technology Resource Kit A network addressable service (ie. protocol socket) that
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) acts as a network service process (not a node.) (Network)
(Apple)
NVM: Non Volatile Memory
(Hardware)

Page 108 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


NVML OCLC

NVML: NaVigation Markup Language OASIS: Open Access Same-time Information


System
NVOD: Near-Video On Demand
NVP: Network Voice Protocol OASIS: Organization for the Advancement of
Structured Information Standards
NVP: Nominal Velocity of Propagation (Organizations)
NVRAM: Non-Volatile Random Access Memory OASLM: Optically Addressed Spatial Light
A type of RAM that retains information when power is Modulator
removed from the system (Hardware) (Hardware)
NVS: Non-Volatile Storage OASYS: Office Automation SYStem
(Hardware)
OAW: Optically Assisted Winchester
NVSIMM: Non-Volatile Single In line Memory (Hardware)
Module
A nonvolatile single inline memory module (SIMM) that OBD: On Board Diagnostics
incorporates a battery on the device to prevent data loss in OBD: Online Bugs Database
a power failure. Battery current is shared among a group of
NVSIMMs. This feature prevents memory failure if one OBEX: OBject EXchange
battery fails (Hardware) Set of protocols allowing objects such as vCard contact
information and vCalendar schedule entries to be
NVT: Network Virtual Terminal exchanged using either IrDA or Bluetooth
NVT: Novell Virtual Terminal OBI: Open Buying on the Internet
(Novell) (Organizations)
NWFS: NetWare File System OBJ: OBJect
(Operating systems) (Novell) File name extension
NWNet: NorthWestern states NETwork Obj-C: OBJective-C
NWS: Netware Web Server Programming Language (Software)
(Novell) OBS: Old Backup Server
NYSERNet: New York State Education and OBV: Object By Value
Research NETwork (Software)
NZDSF: Non-Zero Dispersion Shifted Fibre OBVI: Object-Based Video Interface
Optical fiber type (Communication)
OBZ: One Big Zip
NZT: New Zealand Time (Net lingo)
Timezone: GMT +12:00
OC: Optical Carrier N
NZUSUGI: New Zealand Unix System User
Group, Inc. OC-3: Optical Carrier level 3
OC4J: Oracle Containers For Java
O
O (Software) (Oracle)

O&O: Over & Out OCA: Online Crash Analysis


When leaving an on-line conversation permanently (Net (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
lingo)
OCA: Oracle Certified Associate
O/R: Originator/Recipient Certification for apprentice skill level IT professionals who
have have a foundation of knowledge that will allow them to
OA: Office Automation act as a junior team member (Oracle)
OAB: Offline Address Book
OCD: Out-of-Cell Delineation
(Microsoft)
OCE: Open Collaborative Environment
OAB: One-to-All Broadcast (Apple)
OAD: Open Architecture Driver OCF: Object Component Framework
OAD: Over-the-Air Downloading (Software) (Borland)

OAG: Official Airline Guide OCF: OpenCard Framework


OAG: Online Air Guide OCFS: Oracle Cluster File System
OAI: Open Applications Interface (Oracle)

OAM: Operations, Administation, and OCI: Oracle Call Interface


Management (Databases) (Oracle)
A set of network management functions for ATM similar to OCIA: Optically Coupled Interface Adapter
those in OA&M and OAM&P. Special cells, called OAM Interface in many other respects similar to RS232. It is
cells, are used to carry OAM related information used extensively on Point Of Sale (POS) equipments
(Communication) (Hardware)
OARNet: Ohio Academic Resources NETwork OCL: Object Constraint Language
OAS: Office Automation System OCL: Operator Control Language
OAS: One-to-All Scatter OCL: Os/2 Class Library
OAS: Oracle Application Server OCLC: Online Computer Library Center
(Software) (Oracle)

www.acronyms.ch Page 109 of 174


OCM OFCOM

OCM: Oracle Certified Master ODM: Optimized Distribution Model


Advanced-level certification that is targeted toward (Compaq)
Oracle9i DBA OCPs with 3 - 4 years of professional
Oracle experience (Oracle)
ODM: Original Design Manufacturing

OCN: Operating Company Number ODMA: Open Distributed Management


Architecture
(Communication)
ODMA: Open Document Management Api
OCP: Open-Closed Principle
Object-oriented principle that states that software entities ODMG: Object Data Management Group
should be open for extensions but closed for modifications See http://www.odmg.org/ (Organizations)
(Software)
ODMG: Object Database Management Group
OCP: Oracle Certified Professional
ODP: On-Demand Producer
Mid-level certification for IT professionals who manage
Multimedia authoring program (Software)
large-scale databases or develop applications that are
used enterprise-wide (Oracle) ODP: Open Data Path
OCR: Optical Character Recognition Provide a way for more than one program in the same job to
share the same file status information (Software) (IBM)
OCS: Object Compatibility Standard
ODP: Open Distributed Processing
OCS: On-Card Sequencer
ODP: OverDrive Processor
OCS: Open Content Syndication
ODPS: On Demand Packaging Service
OCS: Oracle Collaboration Suite Intranet Software distribution solution by IBM (Software)
Oracle's mail/calendar solution (Software) (Oracle) (IBM)
OCSP: Online Certificate Status Protocol ODQL: Object Database Query Language
A PKIX protocol used for determining the current status of (Databases)
a digital certificate
ODR: Optimized Dynamic Routing
OCTAVE: Operationally Critical Threat, Asset,
and Vulnerability Evaluation ODS: Open Data Services
(Microsoft)
Approach for self-directed risk evaluations that puts
organizations in charge, balances critical information ODS: Operational Data Store
assets, business needs, threats, and vulnerabilities and
measures the organization against known or accepted good ODS: Overhead Data Stream
security practices (Security) ODSI: Open Directory Services Interface
OCX: Ole Control eXtension ODT: Open DeskTop
(Software) (Microsoft)
ODTUG: Oracle Development Tools User
OD: Optical Disk Group
O ODA: Open Data Access OE: Operating Environment
(Software)
OE: Outlook Express
ODA: Open Document Architecture (Software) (Microsoft)
ODAPI: Open DataBase Application OE: Output Enable
Programming Interface (Hardware)
(Software)
OECD: Organization for Economic
ODBC: Open DataBase Connectivity Cooperation and Development
(Software) (Microsoft) (Organizations)
ODBMS: Object DataBase Management System OEDB: Operating Experience DataBase
(Databases) Nuclear power plants use a common database of operating
information
ODD: Optical Disk Drive
Computer CD-Rom, DVD-Rom, DVD-Writer, etc (Hardware) OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer
A manufacturer that sells equipment for resale under an
ODE: Object Database and Environment
end-equipment manufacturer’s trademark or name
ODE: Office 97 Developer Edition (Hardware)
(Software) (Microsoft)
OEP: Operand Execution Pipeline
ODF: Open Document Format
OEP: Original Entry Point
Open document file format for saving and exchanging
(Software)
editable office documents (Software)
OF: Outer Firewall
ODI: Open Data-link Interface
(Security)
(Network)
OF: Overflow Flag
ODI: Open Device Interconnect
(Novell) OFA: Optimal Flexible Architecture
ODIF: Open Document Interchange Format OFB: Output FeedBack
ODISS: Optical Digital Image Storage System OFC: Open Financial Connectivity
ODL: Object Definition Language OFCOM: Office Fédéral de la COMmunication
Swiss regulatory Organisation (Organizations)
ODM: Object Data Manager
(IBM)

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OFDM ONAL

OFDM: Orthogonal Frequency Division OLIT: Open Look Intrinsics Toolkit


Multiplexing An X Window system-based widget set and library used to
(Communication) create applications using the OPEN LOOK graphical user
interface (Operating systems)
OFMT: Output ForMaT
OLMC: Open Look Intrinsic Toolkit
OFP: Organizational Fitness Profiling
OLSP: On-Line Service Provider
OFS: Object File System
(Operating systems) O-LTM: Optical Line Terminating Multiplexer
OFS: Output Field Separator OLTP: OnLine Transaction Processing
OFTP: Odette File Transfer Protocol OM: Object Manager
Defined by the RFC 2204, it's a protocol that supports OM: Object Model
both direct communication between installations and (Software)
indirect communication via a third party clearing centre
(Network) OMA: Object Management Architecture
(Microsoft)
OFX: Open Financial eXchange
OMA: Outlook Mobile Access
OGL: Open Graphics Language
(Software) (Microsoft)
Single, vendor-independent Application Programming
Interface (API) for the development of 2D and 3D graphics OMAC: One-key cipher block chaining
applications (Software) (SGI) Message Authentication Code
OGNL: Object Graph Navigation Language (Security)
Powerful expression language that is useful for identifying OMAP: Open Multimedia Applications Platform
properties within Java objects (Software)
OMCA: OpenManage Client Administrator
OGSA: Open Grid Services Architecture (Dell)
OGSS: Ordered Grid Super Sampling OMCI: OpenManage Client Instrumentation
Full-scene anti-aliasing technique (Hardware)
OME: Open Messaging Environment
OHCI: Open Host Controller Interface Protocol
OIA: Operator Information Area OMF: Object Management Framework
OIC: Oh, I See OMF: Object Module Format
(Net lingo) (Microsoft)
OID: Object IDentifier OMF: Observation Markup Format
OIDL: Object Interface Definition Language Is an application of XML used to encode weather
observation reports
OIL: Operator Identification Language
OMF: Open Media Framework
OIM: Open Information Model O
Set of standard object models which define how OMF: Open Message Format
applications can create exchangeable metadata OMFG: Oh My F***ing God
OIS: Office Information System (Net lingo)

OIW: Osi Implementors Workshop OMFI: Open Media Framework Interchange


OJI: Open Jvm Integration OMG: Object Management Group
Project extending the plug-in architecture to allow Java (Organizations)
virtual machines to be plugged into Mozilla-based browser
OMG: Oh My God (or Gosh)
releases
(Net lingo)
OKC: Online Knowledge Community
OMI: Open Management Interface
OL: Ordered List
OMI: Open Messaging Interface
HTML Tag
OMI: Open Microprocessor Initiative
OLAM: Optimal Linear Associative Memory
OMI-STN: Optical Mode Interface-
OLAP: On-Line Analytical Processing SuperTwisted Nematic
A category of software tools that provides analysis of data
stored in a database (Databases) OML: Object Manipulation Language
(Software)
OLB: Object Language Bindings
(Databases) OMR: Optical Mark Recognition
OLCP: On-Line Complex Processing OMS: Object Management System
OLE: Object Linking and Embedding OMT: Object Modeling Technique
(Software) (Microsoft) (Software)

OLED: Organic Light Emitting Diode OMW: On My Way


(Hardware) (Net lingo)

OLE-DB: Object Linking and Embedding- ON: Online Network


DataBase ONA: Open Network Architecture
COM-based data access objects (Databases) (Microsoft)
ONAC: Operations Network Administration
OLGA: OnLine Guitar Archive Center
OLI: Optical Line Interface ONAL: Off Network Access Line
(AT&T)

www.acronyms.ch Page 111 of 174


ONC OPT

ONC: Open Network Computing OOS: Out Of Service


(Network) (Sun)
OOSA: Object-Oriented System Analysis
ONDS: Open Network Distribution Services OOSE: Object-Oriented Software Engineering
(IBM)
OOSH: Object-Oriented SHell
ONE: Open Network Environment
(Sun) OOT: Object-Oriented Technology

ONI: Operator Number Identification OO-TP: Object-Oriented Transaction


Processing
ONL: ONLine (Software)
(Net lingo)
OOUI: Object-Oriented User Interface
ONMS: Open Network Management System
OOXML: Office Open eXtensible Markup
ONS: Open Networking System Language
ONU: Optical Network Unit XML-based file format for electronic documents such as
spreadsheets, charts, presentations and word processing
OO: Object Oriented documents. See ISO/IEC DIS 29500 and ECMA 376
OOA: Object-Oriented Analysis (Software)

OOAD: Object-Oriented Analysis and Design OP: OPeration


OOB: Out Of Band OPA: Open Publishing Architecture
(Communication) OPAC: On-line Public Access Catalog
OOBE: Object-Oriented Business Engineering OPC: Ole for Process Control
OOBE: Out-Of-Box Experience OPC: Open Process Control
What happens when you first open the box containing your
new computer
OPC: Optical PhotoConductor

OOCASE: Object Oriented Computer Aided OPC: Organic Photoconducting Cartridge


Software Engineering (Hardware)

OOCTG: Object-Oriented Cobol Task Group OPCODE: OPerational CODE

OOD: Object-Oriented Design OPD: OPeranD

OODB: Object-Oriented DataBase OpenGL: OPEN Graphics Language


Single, vendor-independent Application Programming
OODBMS: Object-Oriented DataBase Interface (API) for the development of 2D and 3D graphics
Management System applications (Software) (SGI)
OODL: Object-Oriented Dynamic Language OPES: Open Pluggable Edge Services
OODS: Object-Oriented Data Source (Network)
O
OOF: Out Of Frame OPI: Open Press Interface
State that occurs when several consecutive Synchronous (Software)
Digital Hierarchy (SDH) frames are received with invalid
OPL: Opaque Device Library
(errored) framing patterns (Communication)
OPL: OpenContent License
OOFS: Object-Oriented File System Licensing scheme for content. See also
(Operating systems) http://opencontent.org/opl.shtml
OOL: Object-Oriented Language OPM: Operations Per Minute
OOo: OpenOffice.org OPML: Outline Processor Markup Language
Free productivity suite compatible with all major office XML-based format that allows exchange of outline-
suites. See also http://www.openoffice.org/ (Software) structured information between applications running on
OOO: Out Of Office different operating systems and environments
(Net lingo) OPOS: Ole for Point Of Sale
OOOE: Out Of Order Execution OPP: Order Processing Pipeline
Processor level architecture feature (Hardware) (Network) (Microsoft)
OOOS: Object-Oriented Operating System OPROM: Optical Programmable Read Only
OOP: Object-Oriented Programming Memory
(Software) (Hardware)

OOPL: Object-Oriented Programming OPS: Off Premise Station


Language A PBX station in a location separated from the location of
the main PBX (Communication)
(Software)
OOPS: Object-Oriented Programming System OPS: Open Profiling Standard
(Netscape)
OOPSLA: Object-Oriented Programming
Systems and Language Architecture ops: Operations Per Second

OOPSTAD: Object-Oriented Programming for OPS: Oracle Parallel Server


SmallTalk Application Development (Oracle)
association OPT: Open Protocol Technology
OOS: Object-Oriented Systems OPT: OPTions
OOS: Off-line Operating Simulator File name extension

Page 112 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


OPUS OSP

OPUS: Octal Program Updating System OSCRL: Operating System Command


Response Language
OQL: Object Query Language
OQS: Object Query Service OSD: On-Screen Display
(Hardware)
(Software)
OR: OverRun OSD: Open Software Description
An application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML),
(Hardware)
is a vocabulary used for describing software packages and
ORB: Object Request Broker their dependencies for heterogeneous clients
ORBS: Open Relay Behaviour-modification OSD: Open Source Definition
System The definition of the "open source" concept. See also
http://opensource.org/docs/osd
ORBZ: Open Relay Blackhole Zone
OSD: Operating System Deployment
ORDB: Open Relay DataBase
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
A service to fight against spam or unsolicited commercial
email (UCE). See http://www.ordb.org/ OSDL: Open Source Development Lab
ORDBMS: Object Relational DataBase Non-profit, global consortium of leading technology
companies dedicated to accelerating the adoption of Linux.
Management System
See http://www.osdl.org/ (Organizations)
(Databases)
OSDN: Open Source Development Network
ORDVAC: ORDnance Variable Automatic
(Software)
Computer
OSDS: Operating System for Distributed
ORI: Online Retrieval Interface
Switching
ORK: Office Resource Kit
OSE: Office Server Extension
(Software) (Microsoft)
(Software) (Microsoft)
ORM: Object Role Modeling
OSE: Open Systems Environment
(Databases)
OSF: Open Software Foundation
ORM: Object/Relational Mapping
(Organizations)
Technique of mapping a data representation from an object
model to a relational data model with a SQL-based schema OSF: Operation System Function
(Software)
OSGi: Open Services Gateway Initiative
ORM: Optical Remote Module Independent, non-profit corporation working to define and
promote open specifications for the delivery of managed
ORMS: Operating Resource Management
broadband services to networks in homes, cars and other
System
environments. See also http://www.osgi.org (Organizations)
(Software)
OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health
OROM: Optical Read Only Memory Administration O
(Hardware)
(Organizations)
O-ROM: Optical Read Only Memory OSI: Open Source Initiative
ORPC: Object Remote Procedure Call See http://opensource.org/
(Software)
OSI: Open Systems Interconnection
ORS: Output Record Separator 7-layer hierarchical reference structure developed by the
International Standards Organization for defining,
ORSS: Optical Recognition System Simulator
specifying, and relating communications protocols; not a
OS: Operating System standard or a protocol (Communication)
A collection of programs that monitor the use of the
OSI/RM: Open Systems
system and supervise the other programs executed by it
Interconnection/Reference Model
(Operating systems)
OSIG: Online Special Interest Group
OS/2: Operating System 2
(Operating systems) (IBM) OSM: On-Screen Manager
(Hardware) (NEC)
OS/360: Operating System/360
OSM: On-Screen Menu
OS/400: Operating System/400
OSM: Operating system-Specific Module
OS/E: Operating System/Environment
OSM: Optical Storage Manager
OS-9: Operating System-9
OSME: Open Systems Message Exchange
OSA: Open Scripting Architecture
OSN: Office System Node
OSA: Open System Architecture
OSN: Open Service Node
OSAF: Open Source Applications Foundation
(Communication)
Organization that aims to create and gain wide adoption of
Open Source application software of uncompromising OSN: Open Systems Network
quality and to build an innovative, sustainable alternative
OSP: Ole db Simple Provider
application despite market inertia. See also
http://www.osafoundation.org/ (Organizations) (Databases) (Microsoft)

OSCE: OfficeScan Corporate Edition OSP: Online Service Provider


Companies that offer an extensive online array of services
OSCML: OSChooser Markup Language of their own apart from the rest of the Internet. Connecting
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) to the Internet through an OSP is usually an alternative to
connecting through an Internet Service Provider (ISP)

www.acronyms.ch Page 113 of 174


OSP P/N

OSP: On-Screen Programming OTPROM: One-Time Programmable Read Only


Memory
OSP: Operations Service Provider
OSP: Optical Signal Processing OTS: Object Transaction Service
(Hardware) OU: Organizational Unit
OSP: Optical Storage Processor OUCL: Oxford University Computing
Laboratory
OSPF: Open Shortest Path First
An Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) specified by the OUG: Occam User Group
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) (Network)
OUI: Organizational Unique Identifier
OSPM: Operating System-directed Power OURS: Open User Recommended Solutions
Management group
With OSPM, the operating system determines when to do
power management and the BIOS determines how to do OUTS: OUTput String
power management. The two pieces work in concert to OV: OVerflow
provide maximum power savings
OVAL: Object-based Virtual Application
OSQL: Object Structured Query Language Language
OSR: Oem Service Release
OVL: OVerLay
OSS: Open Source Software File name extension
(Software)
OVR: OVeRlay
OSS: Operating System-Specific File name extension
OSS: Operations Support System OWA: Outlook Web Access
OSSIM: Open Source Security Information (Network) (Microsoft)
Management OWASP: Open Web Application Security
Distribution of open source products that are integrated to Project
provide an infrastructure for security monitoring. See also Worldwide free and open community focused on improving
http://www.ossim.net/ (Security) the security of application software. See also
OST: Offline STorage http://www.owasp.org/ (Organizations)

OSTA: Optical Storage Technology OWC: Office Web Component


Association Collection of COM controls designed to bring interactive
spreadsheet modeling, database reporting, and data
(Organizations)
visualization to a number of control containers (Software)
OSW/L2: Operating System-9 Windows/Level (Microsoft)
2
OWG: Optical WaveGuide
OSX: Operating System Ten
O OWL: Object Windows Library
Apple's unix operating system (Operating systems) (Apple)
(Software) (Borland)
OT: Object Technology
OWL: Web Ontology Language
P OT: Off Topic Semantic markup language for publishing and sharing
(Net lingo) ontologies on the World Wide Web. OWL is developed as a
vocabulary extension of RDF (the Resource Description
OTA: Office of Technology Assessment Framework) and is derived from the DAML+OIL Web
OTA: Operation-Triggered Architecture Ontology Language

OTDR: Optical Time Domain Reflectometer O-WORM: Optical Write Once Read Many
OTF: Open Token Foundation OWT: Open source Windowing Toolkit
OTI: Object Technology International OXC: Optical Cross Connect
(Communication)
OTM: Object Transaction Monitor
(Software)
P
OTM: Optical Translation Measurement
(Hardware) P: Paragraph
HTML tag
OTML: Offline Tagging Markup Language
P: Peta
OTN: Oracle Technology Network
Prefix for 10 power 15 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 50)
(Oracle)
p: Pico
OTOH: On The Other Hand
Prefix for 10 power -12
(Net lingo)
P&D: Plug & Display
OTP: One-Time Password authentication
(Hardware)
(Security)
P&M: Personalization & Membership
OTP: One-Time Programmable
(Microsoft)
OTP: Open Trading Protocol P&S: Point And Shoot
The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an
Digital camera type (Hardware)
interoperable framework for Internet commerce. It is
payment system independent and encapsulates payment P&S: Publish & Subscribe
systems such as SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash,
P/N: Part Number
GeldKarte, etc.

Page 114 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


P/PC PAV

P/PC: Palm Personal Computer PALC: Parallel-Aligned Liquid crystal Spatial


(Hardware) Light Modulator
Display technology
P/T: Part Time
PALS: Principles of the Alphabet Literacy
P2C2: Pantone Personal Color Calibrator
System
(Pantone)
PAL-SLM: Parallel-Aligned Liquid crystal Spa
P2P: Peer To Peer
tial Light Modulator
P2P: People To People (Hardware)
P2P: Point To Point PAM: Paging Area Memory
P2SC: Power 2 Super Chip PAM: Pluggable Authentication Module
IBM's Deep Blue processor (Hardware) (IBM) With the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM)
P3P: Platform for Privacy Preferencies framework, multiple authentication technologies can be
added without changing any of the login services, thereby
Project
preserving existing system environments (Security)
PA: Platform for Privacy Preferences Project
PAM: Presence and Availability Management
(Hardware) (HP)
PAM: Primary Access Method
PAB: Personal Address Book
PAM: Programmable Attribute Map
PABX: Private Automatic Branch eXchange
(Hardware) PAM: Pulse-Amplitude Modulation
(Communication)
PAC: Perceptual Audio Coder
(Hardware) PAMR: Public Access Mobile Radio
PAC: Platform Adaptor Component PAN: Personal Account Number
PAC: Privilege Attribute Certificate PAN: Personal Area Network
(Network)
PAC: Programme Advisory Committee
(Communication) PAP: PAcket-level Procedure
PACE: Priority Access Control Enabled PAP: Password Authentication Protocol
(3Com) A security provision in point-to-point protocol (PPP)
(Network)
PACS: Picture Archiving and Communication
System PAP: Printer Access Protocol
PACS-L: Public Access Computer Systems List PAP: Protected Audio Path
Initiative under investigation for how to provide encryption
PAD: Packet Assembler/Disassembler of audio over user accessible buses
An access device to an X.25 network (Communication)
PAP: Push Access Protocol
PADS: Pen Application Development System
PAR: Parallel
PAE: Physical Addressing Extension
Extension for Windows 2000/2003 Advanced Server to
PAR: Personal Animation Recorder P
address more than 4 GB of memory (Operating systems) PAR: Personal Audio Recorder
(Microsoft) (Hardware)
PAF: Postal Address File PAR: Project Authorization Request
PAIH: Public-Access Internet Host PARC: Palo Alto Research Center
PAIS: Public-Access Internet Site (Organizations) (Xerox)

PAK: PAcKed PA-RISC: Precision Architecture Reduced


File name extension Instruction Set Computer
(HP)
PAL: PALette
File name extension PAS: PAScal
File name extension
PAL: Paradox Application Language
(Databases) (Borland) PAS: Publicly Available Specification
PAL: Phase Alternate Line PAS/2: Personal Application System/2
European TV standard. A composite color standard similar PAT: PATtern
to NTSC, except that the v-axis subcarrier reference
File name extensions
signal inverts in phase at the horizontal line rate
PAT: Performance Acceleration Technology
PAL: Privileged Architecture Library
Speeds data flow between the processor and system
PAL: Processor Abstraction Layer memory to increase performance. Introduced with the Intel
Contains the code necessary to initially boot the processor 875P chipset (Hardware) (Intel)
and includes error recovery and processor self-test PAT: Port Address Translation
routines (Hardware) (Intel)
(Communication)
PAL: Programmable Array Logic
PATA: Parallel Advanced Technology
(Hardware)
Attachment
PAL: Programmable Assembly Language Peripheral bus architecture (Hardware)
PAL: Publication Access List PATN: Port Access Telephone Number
SQL Server replication security mechanism (Databases)
PAV: Parallel Access Volumes
(Microsoft)

www.acronyms.ch Page 115 of 174


PAWS PCS

PAWS: Protect Against Wrapped Sequences PC-DOS: Personal Computer - Disk Operating
(Network) System
(IBM)
PAX: Portable Archive eXchange
PCEB: PCi to Eisa Bridge
PB: PetaByte
(Intel)
2 to the 50th power bytes. Is equal to 1024 terabytes
PCF: Packet Control Function
PB: Pipeline Burst
(Communication)
Cache memory architecture (Hardware)
PBA: Printed Board Assembly PCFS: Personal Computer FIle System
A file system specification that provides the capability to
PBC: Port Bypass Circuit read and write files in DOS format on the SPARC
(Hardware) (Operating systems) (Sun)
PBCAK: Problem Between Chair And Keyboard PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect
It's when the problem is the computer user (Net lingo) A 32-bit bus providing a maximum 132 Mbyte/sec data
transfer rate. PCI devices have autoconfiguration
PBD: PowerBuilder Dynamic library
capabilities and do not have to be configured by users
(Databases) (Sybase) (Hardware)
PBE: Prompt By Example PCI: Protocol Control Information
PBGA: Plastic Ball Grid Array PC-I/O: Program Controlled Input/Output
(Hardware)
PCIC: Pc-Card Interrupt Controller
PBI: Phone Based Interface
PCI-E: Peripheral Component Interconnect -
PBM: Play By Mail Express
PBOT: Physical Beginning of Tape New interface replacing PCI and AGP, max bandwidth of
(Hardware) 500MB/sec (Hardware)

PBR: Policy-Based Routing PCL: Portable Common Loops


(Cisco) PCL: Printer Control Language
PBX: Private Branch eXchange (HP)
Privately owned central switching office (Communication) PCL: Process Control Language
PC: Personal Computer PCL: Programmable Command Language
PC: Printed Circuit PCM: Personal Computer Manufacturer
PC: Program Counter PCM: Physical Connection Management
A CPU register that contains the address (location) of the
PCM: Printer Cartridge Metric
instruction to be executed next in the program sequence
(HP)
PC: Programmable Controller
PCM: Process Change Management
A slightly smart electronic circuit, usually for industrial
processes; acronym quickly changed to PLC after IBM (Software)
P brought out its Personal Computer (Hardware) PCM: Pulse Code Modulation
PC/IXF: Personal Computer Intergrated (Communication)
eXchange Format PCMA: Paired Carrier Multiple Access
PC/SC: Personal Computer Smart Card PCMC: Pci, Cache and Memory Controller
(Hardware) (Intel)
PC/TCP: Personal Computer Integrated PCMCIA: Personal Computer Memory Card
eXchange Format International Association
PCA: Payment gateway Certification Authority An organization that supports several standards for a
compact hardware interface that accepts a variety of
PCA: Personal internet Client Architecture devices (Organizations)
(Intel)
PCMIM: Personal Computer Media Interface
PCA: Power Calibration Area Module
PCACIAS: Personal Computer Automated PCMS: Project and Configuration
Calibration Interval Analysis System Management System
PCAV: Partial Constant Angular Velocity PCN: Personal Computer Network
(Hardware)
PCN: Public Communications Network
PCB: Printed Circuit Board
PCNFS: Personal Computer Network File
(Hardware)
System
PCB: Program Control Block
PCO: Point of Control and Observation
PCBC: Plain Cipher Block Chaining
PCR: Packet Cell Rate
PCBO: Personal Computer Branch Office
PCR: Processor Configuration Register
(IBM)
PCS: Patchable Control Store
PCD: Photo Compact Disc
File format for digitized photos (Kodak) PCS: Personal Communication Service
PCDA: Program Controlled Data Acquisition PCS: Personal Computing System
(Hardware)

Page 116 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


PCS PDW

PCS: Personal Conferencing Specification PDIAL: Public Dialup Internet Access List
PCS: Physical Code Sublayer PDK: Product Development Kit
(Network) (Network) (Intel)
PCS: Planning Control Sheet PDL: Page Description Language
PCS: Print Contrast Signal PDL: Program Description Language
PCS: Process Control Systems PDL: Program Design Language
PCS: Program Counter Store PDM: Product Data Management
PCS: Project Control System PDM: Program Development Manager
PCSA: Personal Computing Systems PDN: Public Data Network
Architecture (Network)
PCT: PiCTure PDO: Portable Distributed Objects
File name extension (Operating systems)
PCT: Private Communication Technology PDOM: Persistent Document Object Model
(Communication)
PDP: Parallel Data Processing
PCTE: Portable Common Tool Environment PDP: Plasma Display Panel
PCX: PiCture eXchange (Hardware)
File name extension
PDP: Policy Decision Point
PD: Personal Display The point where policy decisions are made, responsible for
(Hardware) handling policy decisions on behalf of PEPs (Network)

PD: Phase change Dual PDP: Primary Dos Partition


Optical recording system (Hardware) (Matsushita) (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

PD: Portable Device PDP: Programmable Data Processor


(Hardware) PDQ: Parallel Data Queries
PD: Public Domain PDQ: Pretty Darn Quick
PDA: Personal Digital Assistant (Net lingo)

PDB: Palm DataBase PDR: Personal Digital Recorder


File name extension (Hardware)

PDB: Program DataBase PDS: Packet Driver Specification


Microsoft's format for debug indormation, not embedded in PDS: Partitioned Data Set
the object file or executable (Software) (Microsoft)
(Databases) (IBM)
PDC: Personal Digital Cellular
PDS: Planetary Data System
(Hardware)
PDS: Portable Document Software
PDC: Primary Domain Controller P
Provides user/computer domain authentication (Operating PDS: Processor Direct Slot
systems) (Microsoft) (Apple)

PDC: Professional Developer Conference PDS: Professional Developer's Summit


(Microsoft) (Microsoft)

PD-CD: Phase-change Dual Compact Disk PDSN: Packet Data Serving Node
(Hardware) Provides access to the Internet, intranets and applications
servers for mobile stations utilizing a cdma2000 Radio
PDD: Physical Device Driver Access Network (RAN)
PDD: Portable Digital Document PDSP: Peripheral Data Storage Processor
PDE: Plug-in Development Environment PDSS: Post Development and Software
Project extending the Platform and the JDT to provide Support
views and editors that make it easier to build plug-ins for
Eclipse. See www.eclipse.org (Software) PDT: Pacific Daylight Time
Timezone: GMT -8:00
PDES: Product Data Exchange Specification
PDT: Performance Diagnostic Tool
PDF: Package Definition File
(IBM)
PDF: Portable Document Format
PDT: Pliable Display Technology
File format for document interchange (Adobe)
(Hardware)
PDF: Printer Description File
PDT: Programmable Drive Table
File name extension (Borland)
PDU: Plug Distribution Unit
PDF: Processor Defined Function
PDU: Protocol Data Unit
PDF: Program Development Facility
The ISO/OSI term for packet. A PDU is a data object
PDH: Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy exchanged by protocol machines (entities) within a given
(Communication) layer. PDUs consist of both protocol control information
(PCI) and user data
PDI: Personal Data Interchange
(Software) PDW: Package and Deployment Wizard
(Microsoft)
PDI: Power and Data Interface

www.acronyms.ch Page 117 of 174


PDX PFY

PDX: ParaDoX PEP: Point-Edge-Polygon


File name extension (Borland) Type of graphics editor (Software)

PDX: Phone Data eXchange PEP: Policy Enforcement Point


(Hardware) A port on a network device where the policy decisions are
actually enforced (Network)
PDX: Printer Description eXtension
PERC: Portable Environment for Real-time
PE: Parallel Environment
Control
(Operating systems) (IBM)
(Operating systems)
PE: Parity Error
PERC: PowerEdge Raid Controller
(Hardware)
(Hardware) (Dell)
PE: Parity Even
PERL: Practical Extraction Report Language
PE: Personal Edition A flexible programming language especially designed for
(Software) processing text (Software)
PE: Phase Encoding PERM: Pre-Embossed Rigid Magnetic
PE: Portable Executable (Hardware)
File format for Win32 programs (Software) (Microsoft) PEROM: Programmable Erasable Read Only
PE: Processing Element Memory
(Hardware) PERT: Program Evaluation and Review
Technique
PE: Professional Edition
(Software) PES: Packetized Elementary Stream
(Communication)
PE: Protect Enable
PES: Positioning Error Signal
PEA: Pocket Ethernet Adapter
PES: Processor Enhancement Socket
PEAP: Protected Extensible Authentication
Protocol PES: Proposed Encryption Standard
A protocol proposed by Microsoft, Cisco and RSA Security PET: Personal Electronic Transactor
for securely transporting authentication data, including
Commodore's first personal computer (Hardware)
passwords, over 802.11 wireless networks (Security)
PET: Print Enhancement Technology
PEAR: Php Extension and Application
(Compaq)
Repository
See http://pear.php.net (Software) PET: Progressive Educational Technology
PEARL: Process and Experiment Automation PEU: Pci Expansion Unit
Realtime Language (Hardware)
PEBCAC: Problem Exists Between Chair and PEX: Phigs Extension to X
Computer A protocol for 3-D graphics in a network window system
Tech support types sometimes use this to explain to each that supports both PHIGS and PHIGS PLUS features
P other that the user is incompetent (Net lingo)
PFA: Predictive Failure Analysis
PEBCAK: Problem Exists Between Chair And
PFB: Printer Font Binary
Keyboard
File name extension
Describes the location of many computer glitches (Net
lingo) PFC: Power Factor Correction
Feature included in some power supply boxes that reduces
PEBKAC: Problem Exists Between Keyboard the amount of reactive power generated (Hardware)
And Chair
An answer to problems with inexperienced computer users PFC: Powerbuilder Foundation Class
(Net lingo) (Software) (Sybase)

PEC: Program Execution Control PFE: Programmer's File Editor


PECL: Php Extension Community Library PFM: Printer Font Metrics
See http://pecl.php.net (Software) File name extension

PEEK: Partners Early Experience Kit PFN: Page Frame Number


PEEL: Programmable Electrically Erasable PFPU: Processor Frame Power Unit
Logic PFR: Portable Font Resource
(Hardware)
PFR: Power Fail Restart
PEL: Picture ELement
(IBM) PFS: Page Free Space
(Databases)
PEM: Port Expander Module
PFS: Parallel File System
PEM: Privacy-enhanced Electronic Mail (Operating systems)
(Security)
PFX: Personal inFormation eXchange
PEOT: Physical End Of Tape (Microsoft)
(Hardware)
PFY: Pimple Faced Youth
PEP: Packet Exchange Protocol Young assistant to Bastard Operator From Hell (BOFH)
PEP: Packetized Ensemble Protocol (Net lingo)

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PGA PIM

PGA: Pin Grid Array PIA: Peripheral Interface Adapter


IC pins organization (Hardware) (Hardware)

PGA: Professional Graphics Adapter PiB: PebIByte


(IBM) Unit of measurement, introduced by the International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024
PGA: Programmable Gate Array
TiB
(Hardware)
PIBKAC: Problem Is Between Keyboard And
PGC: Program Group Control Chair
(Microsoft) Typical cause of most computer errors (Net lingo)
PGD: Planar Gas Discharge PIC: Personal Information Carrier
Display technology (Hardware)
PIC: Personal Intelligent Communicator
PGDN: PaGe DowN
PIC: Point In Call
PGL: Professional Graphics Language
PIC: Primary Interexchange Carrier
PGM: Portable GrayMap (Communication)
File format for images (Software)
PIC: Priority Interrupt Controller
PGM: Pragmatic General Multicast (Hardware)
Reliable multicast transport protocol for applications that
require ordered, duplicate-free, multicast data delivery PIC: Programmable Interrupt Controller
from multiple sources to multiple receivers (Network) (Hardware)

PGM: ProGraM PICO: PIne COmposer


Simple, command line Unix text editor (Software)
PGML: Precision Graphics Markup Language
(Adobe) PICS: Platform for Internet Content Selection
PGP: Pretty Good Privacy PICS: Plug-in Inventory Control System
Encryption program (Software) PICS: Protocol Implementation Conformance
PGP: ProGram Parameter Statement
File name extension (Autodesk) PICS/DCPR: Protocol Implementation
PGUP: PaGe UP Conformance Statement/Detailed Continuing
Property Record
PHB: Per-Hop-Behavior
The forwarding treatment given to a specific class of traffic, PICT: PICTure
based on criteria defined in the Differentiated Service field. PID: Personal IDentifier
Routers and switches use PHBs to determine priorities for
(Software)
servicing various traffic flows (Network)
PID: Process IDentifier
PHB: Pointy Haired Boss
A unique, system-wide, identification number assigned to a
Taken from the Dilbert comic strip (Net lingo)
process. Also called process ID, process number
PHF: Perfect Hash Function (Operating systems)
(Software) PID: Product IDentifier
P
PHIGS: Programmer's Hierarchical PID: Proportional, Integral, Derivative
Interactive Graphics Standard
An international standard 3-D graphics library consisting PIDL: Personalized Information Description
of a graphical tool set for application developers. PHIGS Language
uses hierarchical data structures. You can create, alter, PIE: Presence, Identity and Edge
manipulate, and store objects dynamically
Core constituents of peer to peer (P2P) applications
PHIGS PLUS: Programmer's Hierarchical PIER: Procedures for Internet/Enterprise
Interactive Graphics Standard Plus Lumiere Renumbering
Und Surfaces
An extension to PHIGS that includes additional PIF: Picture Interchange Format
capabilities, such as lighting from single and multiple File name extension
sources, depth-cueing, NURBS, and complex geometric
PIF: Program Information File
primitives
File name extension (Microsoft)
PHOLED: PHosphorescent Organic Light
PII: Pentium 2
Emitting Diode
(Hardware) (Intel)
(Hardware)
PII: Personally Identifiable Information
PHP: Personal Home Pages
(Security)
Now is Perl Hypertext Preprocessor
PII: Program Integrated Information
PHP: Php: Hypertext Preprocessor
Open-source general-purpose server-side scripting PIII: Pentium 3
language that is especially suited for Web development and (Hardware) (Intel)
can be embedded into HTML. See also http://www.php.net/
PIIX: Pci Ide/Isa Accelerator
(Software)
PHS: Personal Handphone System PILOT: Programmed Inquiry Learning Or
Teaching
PHY: PHisical laYer
PIM: Personal Information Manager
PI: PHysical laYer
PIM: Platform Independent Model
PIM: Primary Interface Module

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PIM PLD

PIM: Print Image Matching PJL: Printer Job Language


(Hardware) (Hardware) (HP)

PIM: Protocol Independent Multicast PJPEG: Progressive Joint Photographic


IP routing protocol-independent and can leverage Experts Group
whichever unicast routing protocols are used to populate Compressed images file format
the unicast routing table, including EIGRP, OSPF, BGP,
and static routes (Network)
P-JPEG: Progressive Joint Photographic
Experts Group
PIM-DM: Protocol Independent Multicast- Compressed images file format
Dense Mode
Uses a push model to flood multicast traffic to every corner PK: Primary Key
of the network (Network) (Databases)

PIMPL: Pissing In My Pants Laughing PKC: Public Key Cryptography


(Net lingo) PKCS: Public Key Cryptography Standard
PIM-SM: Protocol Independent Multicast- PKE: Private Key Encryption
Sparse Mode
PKI: Public Key Infrastructure
Uses a pull model to deliver multicast traffic. Only network
(Security)
segments with active receivers that have explicitly
requested the data will receive the traffic (Network) PKIX: Public-Key Infrastructure (X.509)
PIN: Personal Identification Number A working group of the Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF) that is developing Internet standards needed to
PIN: Positive Intrinsic Negative support a PKI based on X.509 certificates
PIN: Process Identification Number PKM: Personal Knowledge Management
PIN: Processor Independent Netware PL: Perl Language
PINE: Pine Is Not Elm File name extension

PING: Packet INternet Groper PL/1: Programming Language/1


(Network) Programming language (Software)

PINX: Private Integrated services Network PL/IP: Parallel Line Internet Protocol
eXchange PL/M: Programming Language for
(Communication) Microcomputers
PIO: Parallel Input/Output (Microsoft)

PIO: Processor Input/Output PL/SQL: Procedural Language/Structured


Query Language
PIO: Programmable Input/Output
(Databases) (Oracle)
(Hardware)
PLA: Programmable Logic Array
PIP: Pattern and Information Processing
An array of logic elements. Its interconnections are
PIP: Periphal Interchange Program programmable after manufacture (Hardware)
P PIP: Peripheral Interchange Program PLAF: Pluggable Look And Feel
(Software)
PIP: Personal Information Processor
PIP: Picture In Picture PLATO: Programmed Logic for Automatic
(Hardware)
Teaching Operations
PLB: Picture Level Benchmark
PIP: Problem Isolation Procedure
In computer graphics, an industry-standard benchmark
PIP: Programmable Interconnect Point method used to measure graphics performance
PIPE: Private Internet Protocol Encapsulation PLBCAK: Problem Lies Between Chair And
Extension of RFC 2003 (IP Encapsulation within IP) which Keyboard
allows to encapsulate and decapsulate private IP Describes the location of many computer glitches (Net
addresses in the same way as described in RFC 2003, and lingo)
to transfer them across the public Internet (also referred to
as "tunneling" in RFC 2003) (Network) PLBKC: Problem Lies Between Keyboard and
Chair
PIPO: Parallel In, Parallel Out A Useless User (Net lingo)
PIR: Protocol Independent Routing PLBSI: Picture Level Benchmark Sample
PIR: Public Interest Registry Implementation
Registry for the .org domain name extension PLC: PowerLine Communication
(Organizations)
Technology that uses the power lines to connecto to the
PIT: Point In Time Internet (Network)

PIT: Programmable Interval Timer PLC: Programmable Logic Controller


(Hardware) (Hardware)
PITA: Pain In The A** PLCC: Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier
(Net lingo) (Hardware)
PITB: Pain In The Butt PLCC: Plastic Leadless Chip Carrier
(Net lingo) PLCP: Physical Layer Convergence Procedure
PIU: Path Information Unit PLD: Programmable Logic Device
(Hardware)

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PLDI PnD

PLDI: Programming Language Design and PMAC: Peripheral Module Access Controller
Implementation
PMC: Pci Mezzanine Card
PLDS: Pilot Land Data System (Hardware)
(NASA)
PMC: Project Management Committee
PLE: Programmable Logic Element (Software)
(Hardware)
PMD: Packet Mode Data
pLED: Polymeric Light Emitting Diode PMD: Physical Media Dependence
(Hardware)
(Network)
PLF: Pluggable Look and Feel
PME: Power Management Event
(Software)
Feature that allows most LAN devices to wake up from
PLIP: Parallel Line Internet Protocol standby states (S1 or S3) (Hardware)
(Communication) PMFJI: Pardon Me For Jumping In
PLL: Phase-Locked Loop (Net lingo)

PLL: PreLinked Library PMI: Protected Mode Interface


File name extension PML: Pattern Markup Language
PL-LCD: PhotoLuminescent Liquid Cristal XML-based format to describe software patterns. A pattern
Display represents a recurring solution to a software development
(Hardware) problem within a particular context (Software)

PLM: Product Lifecycle Management PML: Personal Mailing List


It's the process of managing the entire lifecycle of a PMM: Post Memory Manager
product from its conception, through design and A mechanism used by option ROMs to allocate RAM
manufacture, to service and disposal.It is one of the four memory for use during system startup (Hardware)
cornerstones of a corporation's information technology
structure PMML: Predictive Modeling Markup Language
PLMN: Public Land Mobile Network PMMU: Paged Memory Management Unit
(Communication) (Hardware)

PLO: Phase Locked Oscillator PMOS: Positive Channel Metal Oxide


(Hardware) Semiconductor
PLOS: Parent Looking Over Shoulder PMP: Performance Management Pack
(Net lingo) (Operating systems) (HP)

PL-OU: PhotoLuminescent Liquid Crystal PMP: Point to MultiPoint


Display PMP: Portable Music Player
PLS: PhysicaL Signaling (Hardware)

PLS: PLeaSe PMP: Preventive Maintenance Package


(Net lingo) PMPL: Pi**ing My Pants Laughing P
PLS: Primary Link Station (Net lingo)

PLU: Primary Logical Unit PMR: Problem Management Report


(IBM)
PLV: Production Level Video
PMS: Pantone Matching System
PM: Performance Monitoring
A spot color matching system used by printers. By
PM: Peripheral Module specifying a Pantone name or number you are assured of
having a known spot color in the printed page
PM: Phase Modulation
PMS: Policy Management System
PM: Power Management
(Hardware) PMT: PhotoMultiuplier Tube
Scanning sensor (Hardware)
PM: Presentation Manager
PMU: PhotoMultiplier Tube
PM: Preventative Maintenance
PN: Processing Node
PM: Private Message
(Net lingo) PNA: Phoneline Networking Alliance
(Organizations)
PM: Process Manager
PNA: Programmable Network Access
PM: Programming Model
(Software) (Microsoft) PNA: Progressive Networks Audio
A proprietary protocol for backward compatibility with
PM/X: Presentation Manager for X
RealSystem versions 3 through 5. URLs using PNA start
PM6: PageMaker 6 with pnm://
Filename extension (Adobe) PNC: Planet NetCom
PMA: Photo Marketing Association Australian internet service provider
(Organizations) PNC: Prestige Network Commander
PMA: Physical Medium Attachment (Software) (Zyxel)
(Network) PnD: Plug aNd Display
PMA: Program Memory Area (Hardware)

www.acronyms.ch Page 121 of 174


PNG POSTNET

PNG: Portable Network Graphics POJO: Plain Old Java Object


File format for graphics network transmission Term coined to denote a normal Java object that is not a
JavaBean, an EntityBean, a SessionBean, etc., and does
PNI: Prescott New Instructions not serve any other special role or implement any special
Processor core extenstion code which serves to improve interfaces of any of the Java frameworks (EJB, JDBC, ...)
thread synchronization (Hardware) (Intel) (Software)
PNNI: Private Network to Network Interface POL: Problem-Oriented Language
PNNI: Public Network Node Interface PON: Purchase Order Number
PnP: Plug aNd Play POOL: Parallel Object Oriented Language
PNRP: Peer Name Resolution Protocol POOP: Parallel Object Oriented Programming
Secure, scalable, and dynamic name registration and name Programming for parallel processors in any object-oriented
resolution protocol first developed for Windows XP and then programming language (Software)
upgraded in Windows Vista (Network) (Microsoft)
POP: Package for Online Programming
PNS: PeaceNet Sweden
POP: Picture on Picture
PNS: Perceptual Noise Substitution
(Hardware)
PNW: Personal NetWare POP: Point Of Presence
PO: Parity Odd (Network)
PO: Purchase Order POP: Post Office Protocol
POA: Portable Object Adapter A standard protocol used for retrieving e-mail from a mail
server (Network)
POA: PostOfiice Agent
POP: Power-On Password
(Novell)
(Security)
POC: Point Of Contact
POP2: Post Office Protocol 2
POC: Proof Of Concept (Network)
POC: Protected Output Controller POP3: Post Office Protocol 3
(Hardware) (Network)
POCM: Portal Object Component Model POPA: POP All registers
POCSAG: Post Office Code Standardization POPF: POP Flags
Advisory Group
Synchronous digital paging scheme (Communication)
POPL: Principles of Programming Languages

POD: Piece Of Data POR: Plan Of Record

POD: Plain Old Documentation POR: Point Of Return


POR: Power-On-Reset
POD: Plain Old Dos
POD: Power On Display POS: Packet Over Sonet
P POD: Problem Of the Day
(Network)

Today's current difficulty with software (or hardware) POS: Parent Over Shoulder

POD: Proof of Deposit POS: Persistent Object Server


Software system used by financial institutions to verify POS: Pick Operating System
teller transactions. Usually consists of reader/sorter Old operating system (Operating systems)
control software, reject-reentry system, and reporting
systems (Software) POS: Piece Of S**t
(Net lingo)
POD: Publishing On Demand
POS: Point Of Sale
PODP: Pentium OverDrive Processor (Hardware)
An upgrade processor for the 486 systems intended to
emulate a Pentium (586) (Hardware) (Intel) POS: POSitive
POE: Power Open Environment POS: Programmable Option Select
POE: Power Over Ethernet POSE: PalmOS Emulator
(Hardware) POSE: Picture-Oriented Software Engineering
POEP: Primary Operand Execution Pipeline POSI: Promoting conference for Open System
POF: Plastic Optic Fiber Interconnect

POH: Path OverHead POSIX: Portable Operating System Interface


A set of standards that define the applications interface to
POH: Power-On Hours basic system services for input/output, file system access,
POI: Path Overhead Indicator and process management. It uses the C programming
language, which establishes standard semantics and
POI: Point Of Information syntax (Operating systems)
POI: Point Of Interaction POST: Power On Self Test
POI: Point Of Interest Personal computer boot test

POIX: Point Of Interest eXchange POSTNET: POSTal Numeric Encoding


Technique
Bar code

Page 122 of 174 www.acronyms.ch


POSYBL PRD

POSYBL: PrOgramming SYstem for distriButed PPPoA: Point-to-Point Protocol Over Atm
appLications (Network)

POTS: Plain Old Telephone Service PPPoATM: Point-to-Point Protocol Over


Basic telephone service supplying standard single line Asynchronous Transfer Mode
telephones, telephone lines, and access to the Public High-speed switching technique used to transmit high
Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) volumes of voice, data, and video traffic. ATM operates at
speeds ranging from 25 Mbps to 622 Mbps and is used
POTS: Plain Old Time Sharing
mainly in telephone company backbone networks (Network)
(Operating systems)
PPPoE: Point to Point Protocol Over Ethernet
POV: Point Of View
(Network)
(Net lingo)
PPPoI: Point to Point Protocol Over Isdn
POWER: Performance Optimization With
(Network)
Enhanced Risc
(IBM) PPPPPP: Proper Planning Prevents Piss-Poor
Performance
PowerPC: Performance Optimization With
To plan ahead (Net lingo)
Enhanced Risc Performance Computing
PPRC: Peer to Peer Remote Copy
PP: Parallel Port
Data replication (Software) (IBM)
PP: Physical Partition
PPS: Packets Per Second
PP: Physical Plane (Network)
PPA: Pixel Processing Accelerator PPS: Per-Pixel Shading
(Hardware)
PPS: Power Personal Systems
PPC: PowerPC (IBM)
PPC: Program to Program Communication PPS: Precision Positioning System
PPD: Partial Packet Discard PPS: Public Packet Switching
(Network)
PPT: PowerPoinT
PPD: PostScript Printer Description File format for slide presentations (Microsoft)
File name extension
PPTP: Point to Point Tunneling Protocol
PPDS: Personal Printer Data Stream A system designed to help create Virtual Private Networks
(IBM) over the Internet and protect the data sent over public
wires (Network)
PPGA: Plastic Pin Grid Array
IC pins organization PPVPN: Provider Provisioned Virtual Private
Network
ppi: Pixels Per Inch
(Network)
PPI: Precise Pixel Interpolation
PQ: PowerQuest
PPI: Programmable Peripheral Interface Manufacturer
PPID: Parent Process IDentifier
P
PQA: Palm Query Application
PPIT: Perpetual Point-In-Time PQFP: Plastic Quad Flat Package
(Fujitsu)
PQO: Parallel Query Option
PPL: Pcboard Programming Language
PQS: Persistent Query Service
PPL: PeoPLe (Software) (Microsoft)
(Net lingo)
PR: Packet Radio
PPL: Polymorphic Programming Language
PR: Performance Rating
ppm: Pages Per Minute (Hardware)
Printing engine speed (Hardware)
PR: Public Relations
PPM: Perl Package Manager
(Software)
PRACSA: Public Remote Access Computer
Standards Association
PPM: Portable PixelMap
PRAM: Parallel Random-Access Machine
File format for images (Software)
PRAM: Parameter Random Access Memory
PPM: Processor Power Module
(Hardware) P-RAM: Parameter Random Access Memory
PPM: Pulse Position Modulation PRC: Pilot Resource
File name extension (3Com)
PPML: Personalized Print Markup Language
Printer Language PRC: Primary Reference Clock
Clock used in synchronous networks like SONET and SDH
PPN: Project Programmer Number
(Communication)
P-POP: Plain-Paper Optimized Printing
PRCS: Project Revision Control System
(Hardware) (Canon)
Front end to a set of tools that (like CVS) provide a way to
PPP: Point to Point Protocol deal with sets of files and directories as an entity,
An internet protocol for host dial up connections. PPP preserving coherent versions of the entire set (Software)
frames (Service Data Units) can support the transport of PRD: PRinter Driver
various (encapsulated) Protocol Data Units (Network)
File name extension

www.acronyms.ch Page 123 of 174


PReP PSM

PReP: Powerpc REference Platform PS: PostScript


File format for graphic printers
PREPNet: Pennsylvania Research and
Economic Partnership NETwork PS: Power Supply
PRF: PReFerences (Hardware)
File name extension PS: Presentation Service
PRF: Problem Report Form PS: Privilege Service
PRF: Pulse Repetition Frequency PS: Proportional Spacing
PRI: Primary Rate Interface PS/2: Personal System 2
An ISDN standard, similar to basic rate interface (BRI), IBM personal computer family (Hardware) (IBM)
defined by CCITT protocol, but providing multiple B
channels (23 or 30) supported by a single D channel
PS2: PlayStation 2
(Communication) Game console (Hardware) (Sony)

PRIDE: PRofitable Information by DEsign PSAP: Presentation Service Access Point


(Network)
PRISM: Parallel Reduced Instruction Set
Multiprocessing PSAPI: Presentation Space Application
Programming Interface
PRISM: PhotoRefractive Information Storage
Materials PSC: Personal Super Computer
(Hardware) PSC: Primary Site Controller
PRJ: PRoJect (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
File name extension (Borland) PSC: Print Server Command
PRM: Partner Relationship Management PSC: Product Service Center
PRM: Private Mobile Radio PSCNet: Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
PRMD: PRivate Management Domain NETwork

PRML: Partial-Response Maximum-Likelihood PSD: PhotoShop Drawing


File name extension. Used by Photoshop and other Adobe
PRN: Printer programs (Software) (Adobe)
PRNG: Pseudo-Random Number Generator PSD: Postal Security Device
PRO: PROfile (Hardware)
File name extension PSD: Programmer's Supplementary
PROC: PROCedure Documents
PROCFS: PROCess FIle System PSDC: Public Switched Digital Capability
A type of file system that resides in memory. The PROCFS PSDN: Packet-Switched Data Network
contains a list of active processes, by process number, in
(Network)
the /proc directory. Information in the /proc directory is
P used by commands such as ps (Operating systems) PSDS: Packet-Switched Data Service
(Communication)
PROFS: PRofessional OFfice System
(IBM) PSE: Packet Switch Exchange
PROG: PROGram PSE: Persistent Storage Engine
(Databases)
PROGID: PROGrammatic IDentifier
(Software) PSE: Port Switched Ethernet
PROLOG: PROgramming in LOGic PSF: Permanent Swap File
Programming language (Software)
PSF: Print Services Facility
PROM: Programmable Read Only Memory PSfD: Premier Support For Developers
A permanent memory chip programmed by the user rather (Microsoft)
than at the chip manufacturer, as is true with a ROM. You
need a PROM programmer or burner to write data onto a PSID: PostScript Image Data
PROM (Hardware)
PSIU: Packet Switch Interface Unit
PROMATS: PROgrammable MAgnetic Tape PSK: Phase-Shift Keying
System
(Communication)
PROTEL: Procedure Oriented Type Enforcing PSL: Problem Statement Language
Language
PSL: Public Software Library
PRS: Protective Relay System
(Hardware) PSM: Persistent Storage Manager