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June 15, 1948.

|_, C, RQçKwELl-- l2,443,515


SHEET llE-TAL CABINET CONSTRUCTION
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SHE‘ET METAL GABINET CONSTRUCTION
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Lyle ¿TROC/Wad
Patented June 15,y 1948

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE


I 2.443.515

sIIEET .METAL CABINET CONSTRUCTION


Lyle C. Rockwell, Elgin, Ill.,»assignor to Acme
Visible Records, Inc., Chicago, lll., a corpora
tion of Delaware
Application May 232, 1944, serial No. 536,679
4 Claims. (Cl. S12-143)
' 1 2 , .

This invention relates to ~sheet metal cabinets Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic section on a reduced
generally, but is more particularly concerned with scale, taken in the vertical plane of the line 4_4
one of improved knock-down construction.` of Figs. 1 and 2;~
with a view to permitting economical quantity Fig. 5 is a similar diagrammatic section, taken
production of cabinets, all of the> panels of which in the transverse vertical plane ofthe line 5_5
are preferably enameled as individual units and of Fig. 2; ‘
thereafter packed for shipment in knock-«down Fig. 6 is still another similar diagrammatic
form for most economical shipment, resulting in section, in the horizontal plane of the line 6-6
great saving in space. _ of Fig. 1;
One of the principal objects of my invention Fig. '7 is an enlarged detail, partly in front ele
is to provide a sheet metal cabinet, in'which the vation and partly in vertical section, of the upper
panels to be interconnected have channel-shaped right-hand front corner of the cabinet, illustrat
edge portions made to interlock, so that the ing the corner reinforcing cleat, as well as the
knock-down cabinet can be put together -quickly hinge for the door;
and easily, with a minimum amount of -halting, Fig. 8 is a, horizontal sectional detail on the line
the channeled edge portions serving, furthermore, 8-3 of Fig. '1, showing how the cleat is fastened
tolend strength and rigidity to the whole struc into the corner portion of the cabinet with a
ture, so that it will retain the desired shape and single screw;
remain true indefinitely. ' ' Fig. 9 is a perspective view of the cleat and
Still another object is 4to providers. sheet metal door hinge, the dot-and-dash lines indicating
cabinet of knock-down construction, in which the manner of assembly;
the top and bottom and end panels are inter Fig. 10 is an enlarged sectional detail on the
locked with the back panel at their rear edges line Iß--Ill of Fig. 3, showing a rear shelf sup
`by interfitting channels, as above mentioned, and -D0rt„ with theA shelf in assembled relation
the front corners of the top and end panels and thereto;
the bottom and end panels are interconnected by Fig. 11 is a perspective view of one of the front
L-shaped, reinforcing cleats, set -on the inside of shelf-supporting brackets;
the cabinet at the corners, behind the over' Fig. 12 is an enlarged sectional detail on the
lapping flanges of said panels, so that a single’ line l2-I2 of Fig. 1, illustrating the bracket of
screw; passed through registering holes in the 30 Fig. 11 in operative position in the cabinet, sup
overlapping flanges and threaded into a hole in porting a shelf thereon;
each cleat, is sufiicient to securely fasten the Fig. 13 is a horizontal sectional detail, on the
cabinet together at each corner without. any line I3-I3 of Fig. 12;
likelihood of the cabinet getting out of shape.. Fig.14 is an enlarged sectional detail on the line
The invention is illustrated in the accompany l4---|4 of Fig. 1, illustrating the door-pull and
ing drawings, in which- ' detent;
Fig. _1 is a perspective view of a. sheet metal Fig. 15 is a perspective view of the detent and
cabinet, made in accordance with my invention, ~ the lower portion of the handle bail forming the
and showing one of the doors opened to disclose door-pull, the dot-and-dash lines indicating the
a portion of the interior of the cabinet, the dotted 40 manner of assembly;
line position being the approximate angle at Fig, 16 is a section in the horizontal plane of
the line IB-IB in Fig. 3, showing a two-piece '
_which the door is removable;
Fig. 2 is a top view of the cabinet >with the back panel and indicating the end panels locked
doors closed. one end portion of the cabinet being therewith, intermediate portions of the section
lshown‘in section, to better illustrate the con 45 being broken away to permit‘showing the parts
struction; on a larger scale, and '
Fig. 3 is an exploded viewof the main portions Fig. 17 is a horizontal sectional detail, show
of the cabinet, to better illustrate the form of ing an alternative construction, insofar as the
the various panels and indicate the mode of as locking feature of the two-piece back is con
sembly; l ’ -_ 50 wmed.
2,448,615
3 4
Similar reference numerals are applied to cor the parts are interconnected rigidly the full length
responding parts throughout .the views. of their interlocking edges, so that the resulting
Referring first to Figs. 1 to 6, the reference structure is extremely strong and rigid, great
numeral I 9 designates the back panel, which is strength being insured by reason of the double
of rectangular form, and has the rectangular top channel formation along the top and bottom and
and bottom panels I9 and 29 interlocked with i-ts both ends of the back of the cabinet, substantially
upper and lower edge portions 2| and 22, respec the full length of‘these portions.
tively, by means of the rear edge portions 23 and The top, bottom and end panels, when inter
24 of said panels. The two end panels 25 and locked with the> back in the manner described,
25 are arranged to interlock with the edge por are arranged to be fastened securely in assem
tions 21-and 28 of back panel I8 at their rear edge bled relationship, using only four screws 44, one
portions 29 and 30, respectively. The edge por at each of the four corners of the front of the
tions 2I .and 23 are channel-shaped in cross-sec cabinet. L-shaped cleats 45, stamped from sheet
tion, as indicated in Fig. 5, the flange 3l on the metal, preferably of medium heavy gauge in rela
edge portion 23 being bent inwardly at an acute 15 tion to the thinner sheet metal used in the panels,
angle of approximately 60° with respect to the are inserted in the corners of the cabinet at the
web of the channel, to enter the trough of the front thereof, and are made to ñt snugly in the
channeled edge portion 2 I, the flange 32 of which , channels 35, 38 and 42. A tapped screw hole 48
is bent inwardly substantially at right angles to in the corner portion of fthe L, registers with holes
the web of the channel. The ñange 3l ls out 20 41 punched in .the overlapping web portions of
away at both ends, as indicated at 33 in Fig. 3, the channels 35 and 42, or 38 and 42, as the case
to receive the upper ends of the channeled edge may be, to permit entering the screws 44 and
portions 21 and 28 of the back panel I8 when the threading the same in the holes 48, to draw the
top panel I9 is assembled onto the upper edge of cleats up tight when the screws are tightened,
the back panel, in rthe manner shownl in Fig. 5. 25 and accordingly make for a rigid cabinet struc
The side edges of the top panel are defined by ture, and one which is not apt to get out of shape
downwardly projecting ñanges 34, and the fron-t in service. The cleats keep the corners squared
edge portion 35 is bent downwardly and rear e up, and whatever strains are imposed upon the
wardly to a channel-shaped cross-section, for cleats are distributed .the full length of the arms
reinforcement of the top panel, and so as not to 30 .thereof in |the channels, in which these arms fits
present- any exposedraw edges at .the front of snugly, and, hence, there are little or no shear
the cabinet. The channel 22 is on the front of ing strains' imposed upon the screws `44. The
the back panel, and has the Iflange 38 thereof screws merely prevent displacement of the cleats
bent rearwardly at an acute angle of about 60° from operative position.
relative .to the web portion of the channel, to 35 The cleats 45 also provide supports for the
lock detachably in the channeled rear edge por- doors 48 and 49 4of the cabinet. While I have
tion 24 of the panel 20. The side edges of the shown two doors, each covering a half of the open
bottom panel are defined by downwardly project front of the cabinet, it should,v of course, be
ing flanges 31, and the front edge is bent down understood that I may provide a single door cov
wardly and rearwardly lto define a channel 38, 40 ering the whole front. Each of- the doors is shown
like the channel 35 on .the top panel, for a. sim as made from a single sheet metal panel, the four
ilar purpose. The same mode of assembly is used -edges of which- are bent rearwardly and inwardly,
in interlockingY the end panels 25 and 28 onto to denne channels 59, to give the desired strength
opposite ends of the back panel i8, as indicated and rigidity, and also to avoid exposure of any
in Fig. 6, the flanges 39 on the edge portions -29 raw edges. A reinforcement 5I is preferably pro
and 30 being bent at an acute angle of about 60° vided in the middle portion of the doors in the
to the web portions of these channels, yto have form of a dished sheet metal panel, the flanged
detachable interlocking engagement in the edges of which are spot-welded to the inner side
troughs of the channels 21 -and 28 on the opposite of the door. A lug 52 is bent outwardly from each
ends of the back panel. The upper ends of the 50 of the cleats 45, to form a fixed hinge member
flanges 39 are cutaway, as indicated at 40 in Fig. Vfor cooperation with a swingable hinge member
3, to receive -the flanged ends 34 of ’the top panel, 53 on the door. Registering slots 54 are punched
the top panel being` interlocked with the back in the webs of the channels 35 and 42, or 38 and
panel, and the top and bottom panels being both 42, as the case may be, for projection there
inlterlocked with the back panel before the end 55 through of the lugs 52, as indicated in Fig. 7.
panels are assembled onto the back panel. The The hinge members 53 are preferably Vformed
top and bottom edges of the end panels are from sheet metal like the cleats 45, and each has
defined by flanges 4i, which in the assembled a longitudinal reinforcing ñange 55, on the end
cabinet overlie the ends of the top panel and of which a prong 56 is formed, arranged in the
project beneath the ends of the bottom panel, as 60 assembling of the door on the cabinet to pass
indicated in Fig. 4. The front edges of the end freely through a notch 51 in the edge of the lug
panels are bent laterally and rearwardly, to '52 after the pintle 58 on the hinge member 53
define channels, as indicated at 42, similar to the has been entered in the hole 59 provided there- f .
channels 35 and 38 on the front edges of the top for in the lug 52. The pin 58 on the upper hinge
and bottom panels, for a similar purpose. The 65 member 53 is preferably a trifle shorter than the
upper and lower ends of the rearwardly project pin 58 on the Ílower hinge member 53 to simplify
ing flanges of the channeled front edges 42 are the assembling operation, the lower, longer pin
cut away, as indicated at 43, yto provide clearance being started in its hole 59 before the upper pin 59
for the top and bottom panels in the nassembling enters its hole. There is therefore no such diili
of the cabinet. It should be clear from this‘much culty as would otherwise be involved if both pins
description, that the >channeling of the edge por had to be aligned with the holes at the Ísame time.
tions of the ñve panels mentioned, so that .the The pins are preferably also tapered on the ends,
ttop and bottom and both ends of the cabinet as shown, to facilitate assembling. The prong 56
can be detachably interlocked with the back, , and notch 51 will be provided only on the upper
makes for speedy and easy assembly, und. all, 95 76 hinge, _and it should be clear from Fig. 'I that,
3,448,51 5
after the door is hung and the prong 55 is dis >the rear edge- being defined by a downwardly pro
posed under the lug 52 and the -door is swung Iiecting flange 19. and both ends being defined by
forwardly from the dotted line position shown in downwardly projecting flangas 19, but the front
Fig. 1 and corresponding to that in Fig. 7, the edge being bent downwardly and rearwardly. as
door is locked against accidental displacement indicated at I9, so as not to leave any raw edges
oil' its hinges, because the prong 59 will strike exposed at the fronts of the shelves. The flanges
the bottom of the lug 52 and prevent upward 'Il and 19v and channels 99 reinforce the shelves,
displacement of the door from operative position so that they have the desired strength and rig
in all positions except that indicated in dotted idity, and are not apt to buckle under loadi Up
wardly projecting tongues 9| are struck out of
lines in Fig. l, where the lug 56 is in register with
the notch 51 and is therefore movable through the back panel Il, and the rear flange 19 fits be
the notch, as indicated by the dot-and-dash lines hind these,4 tongues, as shown in Fig. 10, for sup
in Fig. 9. The upper and lower hinge corners of port-of the shelves at the rear. There are sheet
the door are cut away, as indicated at 60 _in ~ metal brackets '92, .detachably secured t'o the
Fig. 7, for projection of the pintle and prong 15 channeled front edges 42 `of the end panels 25
carrying ends of the hinge members 53 and to and 25, as shown in Figs. 12 and 13, for support
receive the lugs 52 forming the fixed hinge mem of the shelves at the front of the cabinet. One
bers and provide operating clearance for these of these brackets is shown in perspective in Fig.
lugs for the extent of vertical movement of the 11, and is made from a single elongated strip of
door required in applying and removing the same.~ sheet metal. bent transversely intermediate the
While I have shown screws 5I threading in holes ends, as at 99. to form a V, the one arm 84 of
52 provided therefor in the hinge members 53, which provides the supporting ledge for the shelf,
to fasten the hinge members 53 in the channeled and the other arm 95 the prop portion. The
upper and lower edges 59 of the door, it should ledge portion 94 is cut out on one side, asat 55.
be understood that these hinge members may be to define a hook I1 on the outer corner portion
riveted or spot-welded to the door. that is arranged to be entered in a slot 99 pro
The doors 4'8 and 49 have improved door-pulls 53 vided therefor on- the rearwardly- projecting
and spring detents 54, illustrated in Figs. 14 and ñange I9 of the channeled edge portion 42‘of the
15. The pull comprises a sheet metal bail mem end panel 25 or 25, as the case may be. -The
ber 65, forming a generally c-shaped handle, one 30 brackets I4 will, of course, be provided of right-v
end of which is bent downwardly and upwardly and left-hand types, the ones shown in Figs. 11
to form a C-shaped clip, which can be entered 13 being the right-hand type, to flt the right end
easily through a slot 61 provided in the door, to , panel 25. The left-hand type has the hook 91
interlock that end of the handle bail with the on the opposite side ofthe ledge portion 84. The
door. Another slot 99 is provided in the door in 35 brackets 92 have to be held in substantially right
vertically spaced relation to the slot 81, adjacentangle relation to their operative positions to en
the other end of the handle bail, which has a ter the hooks 91 in the slots, or to disengage hooks
portion 59 bent at right angles to the end portion therefrom, and after a bracket has its hook 91
of the bail, for abutment with the outside of the entered in the slot I9, the prop portion 85 is
door, a small lug 10 being provided on the edge 40 adapted to straddie the flange 89, there being a
of the portion 69 and at right angles thereto, longitudinally extending slot 90 provided in the
and arranged to pass through the slot 59 and in lower end portion of the prop, to receive said
to a slot 1I on the attaching end portion 12 of flange, in the manner indicated in Figs. 12 and
the detent 94, which is disposed in abutment with 13. The bottom edge 9i of theprop 85 has abut
the inner side of the door. The attaching end ment with the inner side of the web portion of
portion 12 of the detent is bent at right angles the channel 42, as clearly appears in Fig. 13, so
to the body of the detent, and is vertically ad that the brackets 92 form steady supports for the
justable with respect to the inner side of the shelves. These edges 9| will tend to engage the
door. A screw 13 is entered through the slot 1I webs of the channels even before the weight of
and through a hole provided in the door, and is 50 the shelves is placed on the brackets, because
threaded in a hole 14 provided in the bent end each of the brackets is unbalanced in that direc-.
portion 69 of the handle bail, whereby to fasten tion, and therefore tends to gravitate to that po
the detent to the inside of the door and at the sition. The shelves 11, being each supported at
same time fasten the adjacent end portion of the front at both ends on brackets 82 and at the
the handle bail securely to the door on the out y back near b_oth ends on tongues 9i, and being
side. The vertical slot 1|, which may be closed furthermore reinforced along all fouredges by
at the upper end, if desired, serves a double pur the flanges 19 and 19 and channels 80, will not
pose: it permits vertical adjustment of the de be apt to sag under load. The construction de
tent 64' with respect to the handle bail, in order scribed, furthermore, permits quick and easy as_
to get the detent into proper relationship to the 60 sembling and disassembling, and does not com
keeper slot 15, provided in the web of the chan plicate matters so far as the quick assembly and
neled front edge portions 38 of the bottom panel disassembly of the cabinet as va whole is con
20; and it cooperates with the lug 10 to prevent cerned. .
rotation of the- detent 64 with respect tothe I prefer to have all of the panels used in the~
screw 13, thus making it practical to rely upon 65 present cabinet of a size not substantially larger
a single screw for the fastening of the door-pull than any of the top, bottom and end panels and
and detent to the door. Rubber bumpers 16 are » shelves 11, and for that reason prefer to make
preferably mounted in the web portion of the the back panel I9 in two pieces, as indicated‘by
channeled edge portions 35 and 38 of the top the vertical center line 92 in Fig. 3. This cen
and bottom panels-'as indicated in Fig. 14, for 70 terline, as shown in Fig. 16, corresponds to the
abutment with the' channeled „upper and lower joint line 92 between the two halves 93 and 94
edge portions of the doors, to'silence the closing i of the two-piece back panel I8a. These two
of the doors and prevent rattling. pieces are adapted to be interlocked similarly-as
Two shelves are indicated at 11 in Figs. 1, 4 and the top, bottom and end panels are interlocked ’
5, and are preferably formed from »sheet metal, 75 with the back panel I8, namely, by the interfìt--y
2,448,515
' 7 8
ting of the channeled edge portion 95 on the on the front edge portions of said top and side
piece 93 and the channeled edge portion 98 on the , walls and of said bottom and side walls having
piece 94. The flange 91 of the channel 95 is bent registering openings provided therein, and said
inwardly at an acute angle of about 60° with re corner members each having a screw-threaded
spent-to the web portion of that channel, as in-_ hole provided therein registering with the regis
dicated, so as to project into the channel 98 to tering openings, and a single screw for fastening
the extent necessary for positively interlocking each of said corner members to said walls entered
the pieces 93 and 94, similarly as in the inter in the screw-threaded hole in the corner member
locking of the top, bottom and end panels with through the registering openings in said webs.
the back panel I8 of the cabinet, as >previously 2. In a cabinet structure, comprising top, bot
described. With such a construction, it is appar ~ tom, and opposed side walls of sheet material dis
ent that a much smaller package can be made of posed in assembled relationship to one another,
the disassembled cabinet, and, therefore, a sub the front edge portions of said walls being formed
-stantial saving in the cost of shipment is real into channel-shape with the webs of the chan
ized. It is also considered of 4advantage in the 15 nels in substantially vertical planes and substan
quantity production of -cabinets to have all of the tially coplanar relation, four L-shaped corner
panels nearly of the same size. If desired, the members for. interconnecting the side walls with
back panel maybe like that shown at lßb in Fig. the top and bottom walls at the front corners of
v 17, in which the pieces 93’ and 94' have C-shaped the cabinet, two of said L-shaped members
edge portions 95' and 98', which are adapted to 20 having one leg fitting snugly in the channel of
be interlocked in the manner shown. Such va their respective side walls and the other leg fit
construction is of advantage from the standpoint ting snugly in the channel of said top wall, the
that wooden-cleats are usually nailed to a wall `other two of said L-shaped members having one
horizontally for support _of the cabinet, the cabi legfìttingsnugly in the channel of their respec
net being thereafter fastened by its back panel 25 tive side walls and the other leg fitting snugly
_to the cleats, and with the construction shown in in the channel of said bottom wall, whereby to
Fig. 17, it is a simpler matter to notch out the reinforce and square up the front corners of
cleats to accommodate the folded interlocking said cabinet, means for fastening said corner
edge portions of the pieces 93’ and 94', and thus members to said walls, two of saidcorner mem
use continuous pieces in> the top and bottom 30 bers on the same side oi.' the cabinet having out
cleats, than it is to put up two-piece cleats at the wardly projecting door supportingA lugs provided
top and bottom in sufliciently spaced relation to thereon in substantially parallel horizontal planes
>accommodate therebetween the interlocked edge _ ,and having holes provided therein in coaxial rela
portions 95 and 98 of the pieces 93 and 94, shown tion on a substantially vertical axis. -
in Fig. 16. In a narrower cabinet having a single 35 3. In a cabinet structure,fcompri_sing top, bot
door, the split back construction would not be tom, and opposed side walls; of sheet material dis
necessary,- because the full width back panel . posed in assembled relationshipvto one another,
would not be apt to be much, if any, larger than the front edge >portions of said walls being
the other panels of the cabinet. formed into channel-shape with the webs of the
While I have made reference to “sheet metal” channels in substantially vertical planes and sub
as the,'at present, preferred material for manu stantially coplanar relation,~ four L-shaped cor
facture of this cabinet, it should be clear that ner members for interconnecting the side walls
my invention is not to be regarded as limited to with the top and bottom walls at the front cor
that or any other specific material, and hence ners of the cabinet, two of said L-sha`ped members
wherever the term “sheet metal” occurs in the having one leg fitting snugly in the channel of
claims, the claims> should be construed accord their respective side Walls and the other leg
ingly. ‘ fitting snugly in the channel of said top wall,'
It is believed the foregoing description conveys the other two of said L-shaped >members having
a good understanding of all of the objects and one leg fitting snugly in the channel of their
advantages Aof my invention. The appended respective side walls and the other leg fitting
claims have been drawn with a view to covering snugly in the channel of said bottomv wall,l
all legitimate modifications and adaptations. whereby> toA reinforce and square up the front
I claim: corners of said cabinet, means for fastening said '
1. In a cabinet structure, a plurality of indi corner members to said walls, two of said corner
vidual sections formed of sheet material to pro members on the same side of the cabinethav
vide top, bottom and side walls for the cabinet, ing outwardly projecting door supporting lugs
the forward edge portion of each section being provided thereon in substantiallyparallel hori
bent at right angles’to the plane of the section zontal planes and having holes provided. therein
to provide a web and thence bent rearwardly in coaxial relation on a substantially vertical
in spaced parallel relation to the section to pro 60 axis, a door for the cabinet, and pintles provided
vide a depending flange, the flange of each section on said door and yjournaled in the holes formed
being cut away at its ends to permit overlapping in said door supporting lugs.
of the ends of adjacent webs, and means compris 4. In a cabinet, a -plurality of substantially
ing two pairs of generally L-shaped corner mem rectangular sections formed of sheet material
bers, one pair for each side of the cabinet at the arranged to define the top, bottom and sides of
front, the upper one of each pair having one leg the cabinet, the front edges. of said sections being
thereof extending longitudinally with respect to formed into channel shape, and L-shaped'mem
the front edge portion of a side wall and the other . bers entered into said channel at .the adjacent
leg extending longitudinally with respect to the front corner portions of said top and side sections,
front edge portion of said top wall,- and the lower 70 and said bottom and side sections, said L-shaped
one' of each pair havingv one leg thereof extend members being secured in position therein to
. ing longitudinally with respect to the front edge interconnect said top and side sections -and said
portion of a side wall and the other leg extend bottom and side sections at said front corner
-ing longitudinally with respect to the front edge portions, said L-shaped members at one side of
portion oi’ said bottom wall, the overlapped webs 75 the cabinet having projections provided thereon~
9,443,515
l0 ,
extending forwardly from the plane of the front Number Name Date
of the cabinet, and a door hingedly mounted ony 913,429 Ralph ___________ __ Feb. 23, 1909
said projections to form a front closure for said 1,178,612 Weiss ___________ __ Apr. 11, 1916
cabinet. 1,581,256 Wege ___________ __» Apr. 20, 1926
LYLE C. RJOCKWELL. 5 1,692,765 Salt _____________ -_ Nov. 20, 1928
1,742,976 Vance ____________ __ Jan. 7, 1930
_REFERENCES CITED 1,746,307 Frank _______ __'_-__ Feb. 11, 1930
Christensen _____ __ May 26, 1931
The Vfollowing references are of record in the 13306510 Madsen __________ _.- Oct. 27, 1931
Bales ____________ _- Jan. 23, 1934
ñle of this
UNITED
patent: STATES PATENTS l. 211423,53 Raymond- ________ __ Jan. 3, 1939
Pratt ____________ __ Dec. 31, 1940
Number Name Date 2,226,670
71,032 McCoy __________ __ Nov. 19, 1867