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Find the speed of two objects if, when they move uniformly [Ans. 2Ma / (g + a)]

towards .each other, they get 4.0 metre closer each sec and 8. A wooden block of mass 10 g is dropped from the top of a

when they move Uniformly in the same direction with the cliff 100 m high. Simultaneously, a bullet of mass 10 g is

original speeds; they get 4.0 m closer each 10 s. fired from the foot of the cliff vertically upwards with a

velocity of 100 m/s. (a) Where and after what time will they

[Ans. 2.2 m/s and 1.8 m/s] meet? (b) If the bullet after striking the block gets embedded

Snow is falling vertically at a constant speed of 8 m/s. (a) At in it how high will it rise above the cliff before it starts

. what angle from the v6ttical arid (b) with what speed dä the

snow flakes appear to be falling as viewed by the driver in a falling?

car travelling on a straight road with a speed of 21.6 km/hr? [Ans. (a) 4.9 m below the top and 1 s after dropping,

-1 0 (b) 82.4 - 4.9 = 77.5 m] •

[Ans. (a) tan (3! 4)=- 37 (b) 10 m/s]

9. In a detective story a body is found 5 m away from the base

Wind is blowing west to east along two parallel tracks at a of a building and beneath an open window 25 m above.

speed v. Two trains moving with the same speed in opposite Would you guess the death to be accidental or not? Explain

directions have the steam track of one double that of the

your answer. (g =10m/ s 2 )

other. What is the speed of each train?

[Ans. Accidental]

[Ans. 3v]

Two inclined planes are placed as shown in Fig. 4.61. A 10. A car waiting at a traffic light starts to move with a constant

particle is projected from- the foot of the plane of angle a acceleration of 2.0 m/ s 2 when the light turns green. Two

along its line with a velocity just sufficient to carry it to the second later, a truck moving in the same direction passes the

.top after which the particle slides down, the other inclined light at a constant speed of 25 m/s and soon passes the car.

plane. Find the total time it will take to reach the point C. Soon the car passes the truck:

How long after the car starts do the two overtakings

occur?

How far from the light does each take place?

[Ans. (a).2.19 sand 23 s; (b) 4.8 m and 520 m]

11. At a picnic spot on a hill, a boy falls over the cliff. Suddenly

Shaktiman arrives and dives off the edge 2.0s after the start

Fig. 4.61 of the boy's fall. If the cliff is 100 m high, what must

Shaktiman's initial velocity be if he is to catch the boy just

1-

[Ans. t = 11(2 1+ ] before he reaches the ground?

g sin a sin13

[Ans. 27.3 m/s]

5. A lawyer seeks your advice in one of his cases. The question 12. A body is released from rest at t o = 0,x0 = 0 and moves

is whether a driver was exceeding a 45 km/hr speed limit

with constant acceleration. Its position is measured at the

before he made an emergency stop, brakes locked and

, equally spaced times t = At , t 2 = 2.At, t 3 =

3At and so

wheels sliding. The length of skid marks on the road was which

forth. Prove that displacements Axi =x x

5 m. The policeman, assurning:that maximum deceleration

occur in the successive time intervals At are in the ratio

of the car would not exceed /the acceleration of a freely

Axi : Ax2 : Ax3 • • • -1:3:5•••

falling body (10 m / s 2 ), arr6ted the driver for speeding.

What is your opinion? 13. A particle moves from rest in a straight line with alternate

acceleration and retardation of magnitudes f and f' during

[Ans. The policeman was wrong in arresting the driver as

equal intervals of time t. At the end of 2n such intervals

the speed of car was = 10 m/s = 36 km/hr (<45 km/hr) prove that the space it has described is

when brakes were applied]

nt 2 [(2n +1)f - (2n -1)fl

A balloon is ascending at the rate of 9.8 m/s and is 39.2 m

above the ground when a package is dropped. (a) How long 2

does the package take to reach the ground? (b) With what 14. A helicopter takes-off along the vertical with an

acceleration 3 m/sec 2 and zero initial velocity. In a certain

speed does it hit the ground? (g = 9.8 m / s 2 )

time t1 the pilot switches off the engine. At the point of

[Ans. (a) 4 s (b) 29.4 m/s] take-off the sound dies away in a time 30 second. If the

A hOt air balloon of mass M is descending vertically with velocity of sound in air is 320 m/sec, find the velocity of the

downward acceleration a. How much mass must be thrown helicopter at the moment when the engine is switched off.

out to give the balloon an upward acceleration a.

[Ans. V = 80 m/sec]

rate lal= 16. Af-f

aft;, where a is a positive constant. Calculate the rria I stone of mass m is t rown vertically upwards with

distance travelled before the particle is brought to rest. an initial speed v. If the air resistance at speed v

where k is mkv 2,,

1/2 is a constant, show that the stone returns to the

[Ans. S = 2 vo _ 2)-1 /2

1+____

3a starting point with a speed v ( kv

g

v1 +v2 =4

vl u2 =0.4 6. Taking downward direction +ve, u = -9.8 m/s,

where ul and u2 are the speeds of the moving objects. s= 39.2 m and a=g = +9.8 m/s 2 .

18 2

tan 0=- 6 4.9/ 2 - 9.8t -39.2= 0

8

t 2 - 21- 8= 0

= (3) (t-4)(t+2)= 0

4

t=4s

(b) u=u+gt = -9.8+9.8x 4 = 29.4m/s

Initially Mg -Th = ma

and when mass m is removed

Th- (M - m)g = (M - m)a. Solving these equations for

m

we get the desired result.

(a) h = 1- gt 2

-VD/G 2

Fig. 4.62

H-h=v,t--1 gt 2

If V is the velocity of each train, then for the train moving ' 2

H -h=v1 t-h

opposite to the wind steam track will be given by

= (V- v)t while for the other d2 log

= (V+ v)t .

Now as d2 = 2d, (given), (V + v)t = 2(V-

v)t,

i.e., V = 3v H=1 00m

For a body sliding down an inclinedplane, a = g sin k v=100m/s

I

Using, x= ut +-1 at 2

2 Fig. 4.63

1= 0+- 1 , 2

(gsinl3p 2

2 -

11= Is

h v

1 2h 1 t =1 i

= -(g sin Nil ; t2 = -

sink 2 g sin h = 4.9 m

(b)

Similarly, t

mv i m v2 = 2m v

= 40.2 m

1111--L-+-j-j 2g

g sin a sin

Rise above clift = 82:4 - 4.9 = 77.5 m

As stopping distance s = (u 2 I 2a), A ,.t ..j (2h,g) = r ,

u=.12- as= ,i-

2)d-07-0= 10 m/s ) s, the horizontal velocity

10

of body would have been u = -x- = 51 = 13mIs

223 m/s

(about 20% of world class sprint speed of 10 m/s). As this The distance travelled in 1st 2t sec

r, 2

horizontal launch speed cannot be achieved by a standing

5" = Si +S2 = j— t ft 2

person himself without a push from behind or by throwing 2 2

him, So. the case is not accidental. Similarly, the distance travelled in next 21 sec

10. For car u=axt 212

1 S"= — [5f — 3 f ']

s=—xat 2 2

2

nt2

For truck d=vxt Hence, total space = — [(2n +1)f — (2n —1)f I

2

11. 14. Distance moved by helicopter. before its engine is stopped

SM

4v 1 2 3 2

= - at = — t

2 2 '

100m Boy

320

Fig. 4.64

3.2i

-t

2

100= — gT So,

2 320

T = Jo sec +640t —19200= 0

1 xg(-12-5)2

100= v/2i+- 80

2 t 1 —- —S

. 3

12. So, speed of helicopter when engine is stopped,

Xi

80

v=at = 3x—= 80m/s

3

d -= cLIv

a = —v

dS

'J.° dv adS

vo

Fig. 4.65

1/2

1 2 2 vo

S =—

= —xgxti , xi =5m, 6'xi =5 3a

2

1 2 F=

t = 2, x2 =- xgxt2 , x = 20 m Ax2 = 15

2 F = —mg

13 =3, x3 =-1 XgX t32 x = 45m, Ax3 =25 —m[kv 2 + g]

2

vdv = _ucv2 gi

I 2

13. S — — x fx t ds

1

S2 = t(fi)-- f '1

2

2

AmoM111.

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS •

.COSLY0Pit CHOKE: TocoRitecr, (a) 100 s (b) 4 s (c) (1/4) s (d) (1/1 00) s

17 A person travels along a straight road for the first half length 10. A body starting from rest covers a distance of 9 m in the fifth

with a constant speed v i and the second half length with a

second. The acceleration of the body is:

constant speed v 2 . The average speed V is: '

(a) 2 m/s 2 (b) 0.2 MA 2 (c) 1.8 m/s 2(d) 4 m/s 2

(a) (v1 +v2 )/2 (b) 2t) / (v1 +v2 ) 11. A car is moving along a straight road with a uniform

(c) (v1 v2 )1/2 (d) (v 2 /v1 )1/2 acceleration. It passes through two points P and Q separated

2. A motorist travels from A to B at a speed of 40 km/hr and by a distance with velocity 30 km/hr and 40 km/hr

returns at a speed of 60 km/hr. His average speed will be: respectively. The velocity of the car midway between P and

(a) 40 km/hr Q is:

(b) 48 km/hr

(c) 50 km/hr - (a) 33.3 km/hr (b) 20-fi km/hr

(d) 60 km/hr

3. A 150 m long train is moving to north at a speed of 10 m/s. A (c) 25-sh km/hr (d) 35 km/hr

parrot flying towards south with a speed of 5 m/s crosses the 12. A particle starts moving from the position of rest under a

train. The time taken by the parrot to cross the train would constant acc. It travels a distance x in the first 10 sec and

be: distance yin the next 10 sec, then:

(a) 30 s (b) 15 s (a) y = x (b) y = 2x (c) y = 3x (d) y = 4x

(c) 8 s (d) 10 s 13. Tripling the speed of a motor car multiplies the distance

4. The displacement s of a point moving in a straight line is needed for stopping it by:

given by: (a) 3 (b) 6

s= 8t 2 +31-5 (c) 9 (d) some other number

sbeing in cm and t ins. Theilnitial velocity of the particle is: 14. A,car travelling at a speed of 30 km/hr is brought to a halt in

(a) 3 cm/s (b) 16 ctn/s 8 m by applying brakes. If the same car is travelling at 60

(c) 19 cm/s (d) zero km/hr it can be brought to a halt with the same braking force

5. A travelling wave in a stretched string is described by the in:

equation, (a) 8 m (b) 16 m (c) 24 m (d) 32 m

15. A truck and a car moving with the same KE are brought to

y= A sin (Icc—(Lot)

The maximum particle velocity is: rest by the application of brakes which provide equal

(a) Aco (b)colk retarding force. Which of them will come to rest in a shorter

(c) dco / dk distance?

The truck

6. The velocity of a body del:rinds on time according to the

equation v = 20+ 0.1t 2 . The'body is undergoing: The car

(c) Both will travel same distance before coming to rest

(a) uniform acceleration

uniform retardation The distance of travel will depend on the horse power of

the vehicle

non-uniform acceleration 16. A body sliding on a smooth inclined plane requires 4 sec to

zero acceleration

reach the bottom starting from rest at the top. How much

7. A point moves with uniform acceleration and v 1 , v2 and V3

time does it take to cover one-fourth the distance starting

denote the average velocities in three successive intervals of from rest at the top?

time t 1 ,t 2 and t3 . Which of the following relations is (a) 1 s (b) 2 s (c) 4 s (d) 16 s

correct? 17. A body of mass m slides down an inclined plane making an

(a) v i —v2 : V 2 -V3 =11 -t2 : 2 +t3

1 angle of 45° with the horizontal. If the coefficient of friction

(b)vi —v2 : v2 —v3 = 11 +t : t2 +t3

between the body and the plane be 0.3, the acceleration of

(c)vi —v2 : V2 -V3 =11 -t2 the body is approximately equal to:

(d)v1 -v2 : 212 -V3 =t1t2 : t2 - t3 (a) 0.22 g (b) 0.30 g (c) 0.49 g (d) 0.70 g

8. If the relation between distance x and time 18. Check up the only correct statement in the following:

t is of the form;

t =&+I3x A body has a constant velocity and still it can have a

a and 13 being appropriate constants, then the retardation of _varying.speed

the particle is: A body has a constant speed but it can have a varying

(a) 2av 3 (b) 20V 3 velocity

(C) 2a0V 3 2V3

9. How long will it take to stop a car travelling at a speed of 20 A body having constant speed cannot have anY

acceleration

m/sec, if the uniform acc. during braking is —5 m/s 2 ?

(d) A body in motion under a force acting upon it must At (h I 4)m from the ground

always have work done upon it At (h I 2) m from the ground

19- An electron of mass me, initially at rest, moves through a At (3h / 4)m from the ground

Depends upon the mass and volume of the ball

certain distance in a uniform electric field in time t 1. A

A body is released from a great height and falls freely

proton of mass mp , also initially at rest, takes time t 2 to

move through an equal distance in this uniform electric towards the earth. Exactly one sec later another body is

field. Neglecting the effect of gravity, the ratio t 2 Itis released. What is the distance between the two bodies 2 sec

nearly equal to: after the release of the second body?

(b) (mphne )1/2 (a) 4.9 m (b) 9.8 m (c) 24.5 m (d) 50 m

(a) 1

A body falls from rest freely under gravity with an

(n 4. 11/2 (d) 1836

"e'''` p acceleration of 9.8 m/s 2 . Neglecting air resistance, the

20. A particle moving in a straight line has velocity and distance travelled by the body during the third second of its

displacement equation as motion will be:

v= s, (a) 14.7 m (b) 24.5 m (c) 19.6 in (d) 29 1'-

where v is in m/s and s is in m. The initial velocity of the A stone is thrown upwards from the surface of the earth with

particle is: an initial speed of 5 m/s. The stone comes to rest at a height

(a) 4 m/s (b) 16 rn/s of : (g = 1000 dyne/g)

(c) 2 m/s (d) zero (a) 1.25 m (b) 12.5 m (c) 125 m (d) 2.45 m

21. Starting from rest a particle moves in a straight line with An object is projected upwards with a velocity of 4.9 m/s. It

acceleration will strike the ground in approximately:

a=(25_t2)1/2 m/s2 for 5s (a) 2 s (b) 1 s (c) 1.5 s (d) 0.5 s

A boy throws balls into air. He throws one, whenever the

a =311- ril/S 2 fort> 5s previous one is at its highest point. How high do the balls

8 rise if he throws one ball each sec?

The velocity of particle at t = 7s is: (a) 19.6 m (b) 9.8 m (c) 4.9 m (d) 2.45 m

(a) 11 m/s (b) 22 m/s A pebble is thrown vertically upwards from a bridge with an

(c) 33 m/s (d) 44 m/s initial velocity of 4.9 m/s. It strikes the water after 2s. The

22. The motion of a body falling from rest in a viscous medium height of the bridge is:

is described by (a) 19.6 m (b) 14.7 m (c) 9.8 m (d) 4.9 m

dv A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 10 m/s

- A - By, where A and B are constants.

dt from the top of a tower 200 m high and another is thrown

The velocity at time t is given by: vertically downwards with the same speed simultaneously.

2t )

A

(b) A(1- e-B The time difference between them in reaching the ground in

(a) -(1- e-Bt )

s (g = 10 m/s 2 ) is:

(c) ABe-t (d) AB 2 (l- t) (a) 12 (b) 6 (c) 2 (d) 1

23. If a light and a heavy body are released from same height: A wooden block is dropped from the top of a cliff 100 rn

heavier body hits the ground with greater velocity high and simultaneously a bullet of mass 10 g fired from

lighter body hits the ground with greater velocity the foot of the cliff upwards with a velocity of 100 m/s. The

both hits the ground with same velocity bullet and wooden block will meet each other after a time:

which one will hit the ground with greater velocity (a) 10 s (b) 0.5 s (c) 1 s (d) 7 s

depends on their shape / A stone is dropped into a lake from a tower 500 m .high. The

24. Two bodies of different masses 'ma and mb are dropped from sound of the splash will be heard by a man on the tower

two different heights, viz,a and b. The ratio of time taken by after:

(a) 21 s (b) 10 s (c) 11.5 s (d) 14s

the two to drop through these distances is:

(b) ma /mb : bl a A block slides down a smooth inclined plane when released

(a) a:b

2 2 from the top, while another falls freely from the same point:

(c) lc; : (d) a : b sliding block will reach the ground first with greater

25. Two bodies one held 30 cm directly above the other are speed

released simultaneously and fall freely under gravity. After freely falling block will reach the ground first with

2-sec their relative separation will be: greater ipeed

(a) 10 cm (b)..20 cm both the blocks will reach the ground at the same time

(c) 30 cm (d) zero but with different speeds

26. A ball is released from the top of height h metre. It takes T both the blocks will reach the ground with same speed

second to reach the ground. Where is the ball at the time T I 2 but the freely falling block first

sec?

_ ..... Fat tiLmui SilUe WWII a smooth inclined

45. The figure shows the displacement time graph of a body

plane is double the time it would take in falling down

through a height equal to the vertical height of the plane. subjected to the force of gravity alone. This graph indicates

that:

The inclination of the plane with horizontal is:

(a) 300 (b) 450 (c) 60° (d) 90°

38. Between two stations a train first accelerates uniformly,

then moves with uniform speed and finally retards

uniformly. If the ratios of the time taken for acceleration,

uniform speed and retarded motions are 1 : : 1 and the

maximum speed of the train is 60 km/hr, the average speed

of the train over the whole journey is: t --

(a) 25 km/hr (b) 54 km/hr Fig. 4.67

(c) 40 km/hr (d) 50 km/hr at A, acceleration = 0

39. A body is projected vertically up from the ground. Taking at A, velocity = maximum

air resistance into account, if ti is the time taken in going up at A, displacement = 0

while t2 in coming down to starting point, then: the acceleration is constant at all the time

ti >12 46. The figure shows accelera- a

ti =12 tion vs time graph. If the (m/s2)

11 <12 body starts from rest the 2

I i can be greater or smaller depending upon the initial distance covered by it before

velocity of the body coming to rest is

40. The property of a body due to which it resists any change in (a) 30 m

its state of rest or of uniform translatory motion is called its: 0) 26 rn t(s)

(a) mass 1 2 3 4

(b) weight - 13 m

(c) inertia (d) moment of inertia 40 m

41. Velocity versus

time graph for a body projected vertically

upwards is: Fig. 4.68

(a) parabola (b) ellipse 47. Which of the following figures represents the motion of a

(c) hyperbola (d) straight line body moving in a straight line under constant acceleration?

42. If earth stands still what will be its effect on man's weight?

(a) Increases (b) Decreases

(c) Remains the same (d) None of these

43. The displacement time graph for two particles (b) v

A and B

are straight lines inclined at angles of 30° and 60° with the

time axis. The ratio of the speeds V A : vB is:

(a) 1: 2 (b) 1:15 (c) h : 1 (d) 1: 3

44. The displacement of a particle A a function of time is

(d) v

shown in Fig. 4.66. The figure indicates that:

returns to the ground in time T. Which of the following

(0 10 graphs correctly represents the motion?

111 110.

10 20 30 40 50

t in sec T/2

(b)

Fig. 4.66 Time

the particle starts with a certain velocity but the motion is

retarded and finally the particle stops

the velocity of the particle is constant throughout

the acceleration of the particle is constant

the particle starts with a constant velocity, the motion is (d)

accelerated and fmally the particle moves with another

constant velocity

(a) 2 m (b) 3 m (c) 4 m (d) 5 m

49. Velocity versus time graph of a

-body is shown in Fig. 4.69. It 55. The velocity versus time graph of a linear motion is shown in

the figure. The distance from the origin after 8 sec is :

explains that:

at B force is zero

at B there is a force but

towards motion Fig. 4.69 ,0 2

All 8

1 2 3 41111111pr tin sec

forces are equal at A, B and C > -2

50. The velocity versus time curve of a moving point is shown in

Fig. 4.70. The retardation is: Fig. 4.74

(a) 18 m (b) 16 m

60

(c) 8 m (d) 6 m

t 40 56. A body is dropped from rest moves along a straight line with

20 a constant acceleration. The variation of speed (v) with

distance is given by :

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70

t

Fig. 4.70

(b) 2 cm/sec2 (a) v (b) v

(a) 1 cm/sec2

(c) 3 cm/sec2 (d) 4 cm/sec2

S $

51. The area of the shaded portion of

the graph represents:

the average acceleration

the maximum KE (c) v (d) v

t

the momentum Fig. 4.71

the displacement S S-

52. A rocket is fired upwards. Its velocity versus time graph is 57. An aeroplane is rising vertically with acceleration f. Two

shown in figure. The maximum height reached by the rocket

stones are dropped from it at an interval of time t. The

is: distance between them at time t' after the second stone is

t 1200 dropped will be:

1 g+f

(a) (b) t

600 2 t+2t'

140 1 ( gtf

(c) t 1- (d) —

0 20 40 60 80 100,120 2 2 t+e)

A swimmer crosses a flowing stream of breadthb to and fro

12 tin sec.— 132

in time T1 . The time taken to cover the same distance up and

Fig. 4.72

down the stream is T2 . If T3 is the time the swimmer would

take to swim a distance 2b in still water, then:

(a) 7.1 km (b) 79.2 km (c) 72 km (d) infinite

(a) Ti = T2 T3 (b) Ti2 = T2 T3

In the above problem the acceleration of the rocket during

burning interval is: ( C) T22 = • T3 (d)T3—T1 .T2

(a) (1200/12) m/s 2 (b) (12/1200) m/s 2 A street car moves rectilinearly from station A to the next

(c) (1200 x 12) m/s 2 (d) (1200/132) m/s 2 stop B with an acceleration varying according to tl,c law

The velocity versus time graph of a body moving in a f = a — bx, where a and b are positive constants and xis its

' straight line is as follows. The distance travelled by the body distance from station A. The distance AB is then equal to:

in 5 sec is: 2a a xa

(a) — (b) — (c) — (d) 2a — b

2b

A particle starts from rest and moves with an acceleration a

which varies with time t according to the equation a= kt,

*C5 tin where k is a constant. The displacement s of the particle at

1 2 3 sec time t is :

1 2 1 2 1 2 (d) kt3

(a) — kt (b) — at (c) — at

Fig. 4.73 2 2 6

vvy (Allows up a oan yummy inside an elevator, with a

Two trains take 3 second to pass one another when going in

velocity of 10 m/s relative to the elevator. It takes 1 second

opposite directions but only 2.5 second if the speed of one is

for the ball to reach the hands of the boy. The acceleration of

increased by 50%. The time one would take to pass the other

the elevator, taking g=10 m/s 2, is:

when going in the same direction at the original speed is:

(a) zero (b) 10 in/s 2 (a) 10 sec (b) 12 sec (c) 15 sec (d) 18 sec

(c) 30 m/s 2 (d) 20 m/s 2 Two bodies move in a straight line towards each other at

initial velocities v1 and v2 and with constant acceleration

A body of mass m, moving along the positive x,direction is al

and a2 directed against the corresponding velocities at the

subjected to a resistive force F=Kv 2 (where K is a

initial instant. The maximum initial separation / between

constant and v the particIe velocity). If m = 10 kg, v = 10 m/s the bodies for which they will meet during the motion is:

at t = 0, and K=;-2 N (m/ s)-2 the velocity when t = 2s is: v

2 2

— 1 v — 2

10 10 3 (b) (v1 +v2 )2

(a) — m/s (b) 2 m/s (c) — — mis (d) — a l a2 2(a1 +a2 )

3 mis

3 10

It takes one minute for a person standing on an escalator to (c) v1 2

v (d) vi2 —V 2

reach the top from the ground. If the escalator is not moving, Va l a2 (al — a2 )

it takes him 3 minute to walk on the steps to reach the top. A body moves from rest with a constant acceleration. Which

How long will it take for the person to reach the top if he one of the following graphs represents the variation of its

walks up the escalator while it is moving? kinetic energy E k with the distance s travelled?

(a) 2 minute (b) 1.5 minute

(c) 0.75 minute JO) 1.25 minute

1 (a) Ek (b) Ek

For — of the distance between two stations a train is

S

uniformly accelerated and 1of the distance it is uniformly

retarded. It starts from rest at one station and comes to rest at Ek (d) Ek

the other. The ratio of the greatest velocity to the average

velocity will be : s s

1+ — —1) A particle moving with constant acceleration, travels 10 m

(a) ( mn in the first 5 second and another 10 m in the next 3 second.

The distance, it will travel in the next 2 second will be :

(c -

1+— (a) 8.33 m (b) 5.67 m (c) 9.37 m (d) 10 m

) (in n

A man starts chasing his dog 10 second after the latter runs

Two plane, smooth surfaces are parallel to each other and

along a straight track at a uniform acceleration of 0.5 m/ s 2 .

are initially a distance of 2 metre apart. The two surfaces

The track is 2 km long after which it bends away into the

approach each other with a vzlocity of 1 cm/sec. A particle field. What will be the minimum constant speed of the man

starts with a velocity of 4 cm/sec from one surface and so that he may catch the dog before the bend in the track?

collides normally and elastically on the other surface from (a) 1.50 lcm/hr (b) 40 m/s

the time the two surfaces start moving. The collisions (c) 90 km/hr (d) 20 m/s

continue back and forth till the surfaces touch each other. The speed of a body moving on a straight track varies

The total distance covered by the Particle is : acconling to v = 2t +13 for t 5s, v 3t + 8 for 5<t5_7

(a) 2 m (b) 1 m s and v = 4t +1 for t < 7 s. The distances are measured in

(c) 4 m (d) 3 m metre. The distance in metres moved by the particle at the

A tennis ball is released so that it falls vertically to the floor end of 10 second is:

and bounces again. Taking velocity upwards as positive, (a) 127 (b) 247

which of the following graphs best represents the variation (c) 186 (d) 313

of its velocity v with time t? The speed of a car was 50 km/hr for the first 900 s, then 40

km/hr for the next 50 km and then the car decelerated

uniformly at 10 km/hr 2 till it came to rest. The average

speed of the car was:

(a) 50 km/hr (b) 7.2 m/s

(c) 30-1cm/hr (d) 9.0 in/s

Rohl the top of a tower a stone is thrown up which reaches

the ground in time t1 . A second stone thrown down with the

same speed reaches the ground in a time t 2 . A third stone

released from rest from the same location reaches the

ground in a time t 3 . Then:

77.

2 . If its position

1 1 81. The velocity of a particle is v = v o +gt + ft

,‘ 1 (b) t 32 = ti2 -q

0) -- = - + - (t = 1)is:

t3 t i t 2 is x = Oat t = o, then its displacement after unit time

[AIEEE 20071

t1 +t 2 (b) v + 2g + 3f

(c) t3 = (d) t3 = 1F-17-2- (a) v o +gl 2+ f

2 (c)v0 +g12+ f 3 (d) v o +g+ f

75. A parachutist steps from an aircraft, falls freely for two 0, starts moving along

82. A particle located at x = Oat time t =

second, and then opens his parachute. Which , of the the positive, x-direction with a velocity 'v' that varies as

following acceleration time (a -t)graphs best represents his v=mjc. The displacement of the particle varies with time

downward acceleration a during the first 5-second? [AIEEE 2006]

a a as:

(a) t"2 (b) t 3 (C) t 2 (d) t

(a) (b) 83. A ball of mass 0.2 kg is thrown vertically upwards by

applying a force by hand. If the hand moves 0.2 m while

applying the force and the ball goes upto 2 m height further,

a find the magnitude of the force. Consider g =10 m/s 2 .

[AIEEE 20061

(c) (d) (b) 22 N (c) 4 N (d) 16 N

(a) 20 N

84. A man throws balls with the same speed vertically upwards

one after the other at an interval of 2s. What should be the

With what speed should a body be thrown upwards so that speed of the throw so that more than two balls are in the sky

the distances traversed in the 5th second and 6th second are

at any time? (Given g = 9.8 m/ s 2 )

equal? Any speed less than 19.6 m/s

(a) 58.4 m/s (b) 49 m/s

Only with speed 19.6 m/s

(c) 98 m/s (d) 4-9-§ m/s

More than 19.6 m/s

A particle moving with a uniform acceleration along a

At least 9.8 m/s

straight line covers distances a and b in successive intervals

85. A car moves from X to Y with a uniform speed v u and

of p and q second. The acceleration of the particle is:

pq(p+q) 2(aq- bp) returns to Y with a uniform speed v d . The average speed for

(a) (b) [UPSEE 20071

139(P - 9) this round trip is:

2( bp- aq)

2(bq - aq) 2v ,,v vdv u (d) v +V d

bp- aq (a) " u (b) u V d (c)

(c) (d) Vd + u 2

pq (p + q) Vd+Vu

139(P - 9)

A particle's position as a function of time is described as 86. A point initially at rest moves along x-axis. Its acceleration

4. What is the average velocity of the varies with time as a = (6t + 5)m/ s 2 . If it starts from origin,

y (t)= 212 + 3t +

[CET (Kurukshetta) 20021 the distance covered in 2 s is:

particle from t = 0 to t = 3 sec? (c) 16m (d) 25 m

(b) 6 m/sec (a) 20 m (b) 18 m

(a) 3 m/sec

(c) 9 m/sec (d) 12 m/sec 87. A lift is moving with a uniform downward acceleration of

A coin is dropped in a lift. It takes time 11 to reach the floor 2 m/ s 2 . A ball is dropped from a height 2 m from the floor

of lift. Find the time taken after which ball will strike the

when lift is stationary. It takes time 12 when lift is moving

up with constant acceleration, then: floor? (Take g =10m1 s 2)

(d) 11 »12 1

(a) t i > 12 (b) 12 > t i (c) 11 = 12 (b) 2 sec (c) - sec (d) sec

(a) h sec 2 2

The v - t graph for a particle is shown. The distance travelled

[UPSEE 20051

in the first four seconds is: 88. A juggler maintains four balls in vertically upward motion.

„ 1

m/s He attempts next ball after - seconds. For the show to go

4

one, what should be the height for whicil .ne throws the

ball ? (g = 10m/ s 2 )

(a) 1.25 m (b) 5 m (c) 2.5 m (d) 1,0 m

time

t (sec) 89. A particle is projected vertically from the ground, takes

time t3 from point

2 4 - ti upto point A,12 from point A to B and

Fig. 4.75 to highest point and back to the ground. Find the height of

•••B

the middle point of A and B from the ground:

(b) 16 m (c) 20 m (d) 24m

(a) 12 m

d) — ti/ + + 2 (ti t2 + t2 t3 + t3 98.

, - -

2 The driver of a train moving at a speed v ' sees a goods

2

(b) [t ,12 t,2 train a distance 'd' ahead

of him on the same track and

ti t2 + t 3 + 23

4 2 2 moving in the same direction with a slower speed v 2

puts on brakes and gives his train a constant retardation 'a'.

g 2 2

(C)[t

— There will be no collision if:

] +t2 +11 t2 + ti t3 + t2 t3

2

(a) d< (v1+v2)2 d> (v1 -v 2 )2

d) none of the above (b)

a

A particle moving in a straight line covers half the distance 2a

(v -v 2 ) 2 (v -v2 )2

with speed 3 m/s. The other half of the distance is covered in (c) d>

(d) d <

two equal time intervals with speed of 4.5 m/s and 7.5 m/s a

99. a

respectively. Average speed of the particle during this The deceleration experienced by a moving motorboat, after

motion is : dv

its engine is cut-off is given by — = -kv 3 , where k is

(a) 4.0 m/s (b) 5.0 m/s

(c) 5.5 m/s (d) 4.8 m/s di'

A train moving with uniform speed passes a pole in 10 sec constant. If v 0

is the magnitude of velocity at cut-off, the

and a bridge of length 1200 m in 130 sec. Speed of the train magnitude of velocity at time t' after the cut-off is:

is: V i,

(a)

2

(b) v0 (c) v0e-kt (d) vo

(a) 90 km/hr (b) 72 km/hr (c) 36 km/hr (d) 54 km/hr

Engine of a train that is moving with uniform acceleration 2v o2 kt +1

passes a pole with speed u' 100.

while the last compartment A train is moving towards East with a speed 20 m/s. A

passes the pole with speed person is running on the roof of the train with a speed 3 m/s

The middle point of the train

passes the given pole with speed: against the motion of train. Velocity of the person as seen by

v an observer on ground will be:

(a) --- u + u2

(b) — (c)t -U-1 7 (d) (a) 23 m/s towards East

2 (b) 17 nils towards East

2 (c) 23 in/s towards West

101. (d) 17 m/s towards West

For a particle moving along a straight line, its velocity 'v' A packet is released from a balloon which is moving upward

and displacement 's' are related as v

2 = es, here c is a when the balloon is at a height 200 m above ground. The

constant. If the displacement of the particle at t

its velocity after 2 sec is : = 0 is zero, packet reaches the ground in 8 sec. Speed of the balloon

when the packet is released, is: (Take g =10m1 s

(a) c- so (b) cs o c _

(c) -s 1 2)

2 (d) cs-1 (a) 18 m/s (b) 15 m/s

2 (c) 12 m/s (d) 9 m/s

A car accelerates from rest at a constant rate a for some time 102.

A stone dropped from the top of a tower travels 5- th of the

after which it decelerates at a constant rate13 9

If the total time elapsed is t, to come to rest.

maximum velocity reached by height of tower during the last second of fall. Height of the

the car is : tower is: (Take g =10 ml S 2 )

(a) 040 (a +13) (b) ccP— t (c)---4 al3 a+0 (a) 52 m

i (d) --- t (b) 36 m

(a-f3) a, +13 (e) 45 m

c43 (d) 78 m

In Q. 94, time for which the car decelerates is: 103.

Engine of a car can produce a maximum acceleration

(a) ---a t (b) -I3-- t 2 m/s 2

a +13 (c)cc- t (d) 13_ t and its brakes can produce a maximum retardation

a +0 13 a 3 m/ s2

. Minimum time in which the car can travel a

In Q. 94, total distance travelled by the car is: distance 6 km is:

(a) - cc+13 t2 (b) la —13 t 2 (a) 120 sec (b) 100 sec (c) 82 sec

(d) 64 sec

(a2 +132) 2 (a2 +13 2 ) 2 104. Trains A and B

are moving towards each other on the same

(c) cci3 t2 t2 track with velccities 40 km/fir and 20 km/hr respectively. A

(d) sparrow which can fly at 30 km/hr flies off from train

(a-13) 2 A

(a+13) 2

when the trains are 30 km apart. The sparrow directly moves

A person is standing at a distance 's' towards the train 'B'

m from a bus. The bus and on reaching there flies back to A'

begins to move with constant acceleration 'a' mIS 2 and so on. Distance travelled by the sparrow till the two

away

from the person. To catch the bus, the person runs at a trains will hit, is:

constant speed 'v' m/s towards the bus. Minimum speed of (a) 60 km (b) 45 km (c) 30 km (d) 15 km

the person so that he can catch the bus is: 105.

A balloon is moving vertically up with a velocity 4 ni/s.

(a) -fiaTs (b) -.J as VVhep it is at a height h,

(c) (d) a body is gently released from it. If it

reaches ground in 4 Sec, the height of balloon, when the

body is released, is: (Take g = 9.8 m/s 2)

,77

(a) 62.4 m (b) 42.4 m (c) 78.4 m (d) 82.2 m for some time and finally retards at 4 m/ s 2 to come to rest.

A packet is dropped from a balloon that is moving upward

Average speed of the bus during the total journey is 15 m/s

when the balloon is at a height 60 m above ground. If the

and the total time is 20 sec. Time duration for which the car

speed of the balldon at the moment of release of packet is

moves with constant speed is:

5 m/ s, time taken by the packet to reach ground Will be : (a) 18 sec (b) 16 sec (c) 12 sec (d) 10 sec

(Take g = 10 m/s 2 )

Velocity-time graph for the motion of a particle along a

(a) 6 sec (b) 4 sec (c) 2 sec (d) 3.2 sec straight line is as shown in figure.

When a motorcycle moving with a uniform speed 11 m/s is v(m/s)

at a distance 24 m from a car, the car starts from rest and

10

moves with a uniform acceleration 2 m/ s 2 away from the

motorcycle. If the car begins motion at t = 0, time at which

the motorcycle will overtake the car is t =? t(s)

(a) 8 sec (b) 6 sec (c) 3 sec (d) 1.5 sec

In Q.107, after the car is overtaken by the motorcycle, it will

-10

again overtake the motorcycle at what time, from t = 0?

(a) 8 sec (b) 6 sec (c) 3 sec (d) 1.5 sec

An object is thrown vertically upward with a speed u1 and it Fig. 4.76

travels 8 m in the last second of its upward motion. If the Average speed of the particle for the whole motion is:

object is thrown upward with a speed u 2 which is twice of (a) 9.6 m/s (b) 7.2 m/s (c) 8.3 m/s (d) 6.5 rn/s

1' 1 , the distance now travelled by the object during the last Average velocity of the particle for the whole motion in Q.

second of its upward journey will be: 116 is:

(a) 32 m (b) 16 m (c) 12m • .(d) 8 m (a) 3.3 m/s (b) 6.7 m/s (c) 2.7 m/s (d) 7.6 m/s

A stone dropped from the top of a tower is found to travel A particle is,moving such that its position vector varies with

(5/9) of the height of tower during last second of its fall. The -4

time of fall is : time as r = (1-at )t A, where a and A are constant

(a) 2 s (b) 3 s (c) 4 s (d) 5 s quantities. At t = 0, the particle is at a position p. At some

A long horizontal belt is moving from left to right with a later instant 't0 ', the particle is again at 0. Velocity of the

Uniform speed 2 m/s. There are two ink marks A and B on particle at the instant t o is:

the belt 60 m apart. An insect runs on the belt to and fro (a) 2 A (b) A (c) - A (d) -2 A

between A and B such that its speed relative to belt is

In Q. 118, total distance travelled by the particle from t = 0

constant and equals 4 m/s. When the insect is moving on the to t = t 0 is :

belt in the direction of motion of the belt, its speed as A

observed by a person standing on ground will be: (a) (b)

2a

(a) 6 m/s (b) 2 m/s

(c) 1.5 m/s 2A'n 4A n

(d) 4 m/s (c) (d) -

In Q. Ill, if A lies to the left of B, then : a

time taken by insect to travel from A to B and time taken A body is thrown vertically upward at t = 0. It is at a height

by it to travel from B to A are:equal 80 mat two instants t i and /2 , then /1 12 is:

time taken by insect to travel from A to B is less than time (Takeg= 10 m/s2 )

taken by it to travel from B to A (a) 30 (b) 24 (c) 16 (d) 12

time taken by insect to travel from A to B is more ; Ian the

A body is thrown vertically upward at t = 0. It is at a height

time taken by it to travel from B to A 80 m at instants ti and 12. Also, it is at a height 60 m at

none of the above instants t; and t. Then:

113: In Q. 111, if A lies to the left of B, time taken by the insect to

(a) t i +12 = t; + (b) t i +12 >11 'f12

travel from B to A will be:

(c) 11 +t2 <1; +t (d) none of these

(a) 12 sec (b) 15 sec (c) 18 sec (d) 21 sec A body is thrown up in a lift with a velocity u relative to the

An object is dropped from the top of a tower. It travels .a lift and the time of flight is found to be t. The acceleration

,distance 'x' in the first second of its motion and -a distance

with which the lift is moving up is:

.`7x' in the last second. Height of the tower is: (b) 2 u - gt

(a) u gt

(Takeg= 10 m/s 2 ) 1,

(a) 60 m (b) 70 m (c) 80m (d) 90 m (c) u + gt 2u+ gt

(d)

A bus starts from rest and accelerates at a uniform rate 4

m/ s 2 for certain time. It then moves with a constant speed

"41.111172-3==ap's fall ur.."

at."regt inter

-717' (a) (A) (b) (B) and (C)

from a hole at the bottom of a vessel (c) All (d) None of these

placed at a high level. The ninth drop is 131. A constant power P is applied to a car starting from rest. If v

about to fall when the first drop just falls is the velocity of the car at time t, then: [UPSEE 2009]

on the floor after being in the air for 2

(a) v oc t (b) v

second. The distance between the 3rd

and the 5th drop at this instant is: 1

(c) v « (d)v

(Taking g = 10m/ s 2 ) Floor

40 25 Fig. 4.77

(a) — m (b) — m Displacement (x) of a particle is related to time (t )as

9 4 x= at +bt 2 -ct 3

(c) 5 m (d) --m where a, b and c are constants of the motion. The velocity of

16 the particle when its acceleration is zero is given by:

124. A particle moving along x-axis has acceleration' f' at time t,

b2 b2

given by (a) a — (b) a +

C 2c

b2

f fo (1- ---

;) 2

(c) a+ — (d) a +

3c 4c

where fo and T are constants. The particle at t = 0 has zero

The acceleration a (in ms-2 ) of a body, starting from rest

velocity. In the time interval between t = 0 and the instant

varies with time t (in s) following the equation a = 3t + 4.

when f = 0, the particle's velocity (vx ) is : [UPSEE 20071

The velocity of the body at time t 2s will be:

1

(a) 1- f0 T 2 (b) foT 2 (C) - foT (d) AT [WB (JEE) 2009]

2 2 (a) 10 ms -1 (b) 18 ms -1

125. From the top of tower, a stone is thrown up. It reaches the

(c) 14 ms (d) 26 ms -1

ground in t 1 second. A second stone thrown down with the

The acceleration a of a particle starting from rest varies with

same speed reaches the ground in t2 second. A third stone

time according to relation a = at +11 The velocity of the

released from rest reaches the ground in t3 second. Then:

particle after a time t will be: [DCE 2009]

[WB (JEE) 20071

(11 + t 2 ) t at 2

(a) a (b) +Pt

(a) 13 = (b) t3 = jt1t2 2 2

2

„ 1 1 1 (at 2 +p)

(c) — = --- (d) = - ti2 (c) a12 + --l pt (d)

t 3 t1 t 2 2 2

126. A point initially at rest moves along x-axis. Its acceleration Two, stones are thrown from top of tower, one vertically

upward and other downward with same speed. Ratio of

varies with time as a = (6t +5)m / s2 . If it starts from origin,

velocity when they hit the ground is: [Orissa (JEE) 20091

the distance covered in 2 s is: [BCECE 20081 (a) 1 : 2 (b) 1 : 1 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 1 : 9

(a) 20 m (b) 18 m (c) 16,m (d) 25 m A body is thrown vertically up to reach its maximum height

127. A body moving with a uniform acceleration crosses a in t seconds. The total time from the time of projection to

distance of 65 m in the 5th second and 105 m in 9th second. reach a point at half of its maximum height while returning

How far will it go in 20 s? [UPSEE 20081 (in second) is: [EAMCET 2008]

(a, 2040 m (b) 240 m (c) 2400 m (d) 2004 m

128. Diwali rocket is ejecting 50 g of gases/sec at a velocity of (a) t (b) (1+ t (c) —

31

2

400 m/s. The accelerating force on the rocket will be:

A ball is falling freely from a height. When it reaches 10 m

[JCECE 20081

(a) 22 dyne (b) 20 N height from the ground, its velocity is V0 . It collides with the

(c) 20 dyne (d) 100 N

129. A ball is dropped from a bridge at a height of 176.4 mover a ground and loses 50% of its energy and rises back to height

river. After 2s a second ball is thrown straight downwards. of 10 m. Then, the velocity Vo is: [EAMC'ET 2010)

What should be the initial velocity of the second ball so that (a) 7 m/s (b) 10 m/s

both hit the water simultaneously? [UPSEE 20091 (c) 14 m/s (d) 16 m/s

(a) 2.45 m/s (b) 49 m/s (c) 14.5 _m/s (d) 24.5 nils If x, v and a denote the displacement, velocity and

130. Which ofthe following are true? [UPSEE 20091 acceleration of a particle executing simple harmonic motion

A body having constant spee'd can have varying velocity. af time period T, then which of the following does not

Position time graphs for two objects with zero relative change with time? [AIEEE 20091

velocity are parallel. (a) aT x (b) aT + 2nv

The numerical ratio of velocity, to speed of an object (c) aT I v (d) a 2 T2 4.47t2v2

can never be more than one.

139. Consider a rubber ball freely falling from a height h= 4.9 m

onto a horizontal elastic plate. Assume the duration of

collision is negligible and collision with the plate is totally

elastic. Then velocity as a function of time and height as a

function of time would be: [AIEhE 20091

+V1

0

—v,

143. A boy throws n balls per second at regular time intervals.

+v, When the first ball teaches the maximum height he throws

0 the second one vertically up. The maximum height reached

—Vi

by each ball is:

(a) (b) g2

2(n —1)2 2n 2

+VI

0 (c) 2 (d)-

point A with velocities 15 m/s and 20 in/s respectively. The

two particles move with accelerations equal in magnitude

+V1

but opposite in. direction. When P overtakes Q at B then its

velocity is 30 m/s. The velocity of Q at point B will be:

From an elevated point P. a stone is projected vertically (a) 30 m/s (b) 5 rri/s

upwards. When the stone reaches a distance h below P, its (c) 10 m/s (d) 15 m/s

velocity is double of its velocity at a height h above P. The 145. A stone projected vertically up from the ground reaches a

greatest height attained by the stone from the point of height yin its path at ti seconds and after further t2 seconds

projection P is: [Kerala (PET) 2013] reaches the ground. The height y is equal to:

1 1

3

(a) — h

5

(b) — h (c) — h

7 5

(d) — h (a) — g (ti +12 ) (b) — g (ti +t 2 ) 2

5 3 5 7 2 2

2 1

(e) — h (c) — g t i t 2 (d)g t i t 2

3 2

The velocity-time graph vy (m/s) 146. A police van moving on a highway with a speed of 30 kmph

for the vertical 30 fire's a bullet at a thief's car speeding away in the same

component of the direction with a speed of 192 lcmph. If the muzzle speed of

20 the bullet is 150 m/s, with what speed does the bullet hit the

velocity of a body

thrown upwards from 10 thief s car? (Note: Obtain that speed which is relevant for

the ground and landing 0 Time (s) damaging the thief's car).

2 3 14 (a) 25 m/s (b) 50 m/s

on the roof of a building

—1 (c) 75 m/s (d) 105 m/s

is given in the figure. Fig. 4.78

The height of the 147. An elevator is going up. The variation in the velocity of the

building is: [Kerala (PET) 2013] elevator is as given in the graph. What is the height to which

(a) 50 m (b) 40 m (c) 20 m (d) 30 m the elevator takes the passengers:

(e) 10 m Velocity

142. A body is at rest at x = 0. At t = 0, it starts moving in the

positive x-direction with a constant acceleration. At the

same instant another body passes through x= 0 moving in 3.6

the positive x-direction with a constant speed. The position-

of the first body is given by xi (t )after time t'and that of the Time

10 12

second body by x2 (t)after the same time interval. Which of Fig. 4.79

the following graphs correctly describes (x1 — x2 ) as a

function of time' t' ? [AIEEE 2008] (a) 3.6 m (b) 28.8 m

(c) 36.0 m (d) 72.0 m

ocitf-Tlitt gimp of a- b6dy inOVing in a straight line

is shown in the figure. The displacement and distance

travelled by the body in 6 sec are respectively (in metres) :

5 10 15 20

5 6 (c)

5 10 15 20

2

t (sec)--•-

Fig. 4.80

152. Veloc'ty-time (v-t) graph for a mov ng object is shown in the

(a) 8, 16 (b) 16, 8 figure. Total displacement of the object during the time

(c) 16, 16 (d) 8, 8 interval when there is non-zero acceleration and retardation

149. The velocity-time is:

graph of a stone t 30 A

thrown vertically 20.

13 4.

upward with an initial

0 6

velocity of 30 ms -1 is

78

,3 to. Time (s)

shown in the figure. > 20.

The velocity in the 30 'c o , . . , t (sec)

10 20 30 40 50 60

upward direction is Fig. 4.81 Fig. 4.84

taken as positive and

that in the downward direction as negative. What is the (a) 60 n't (b) 50m

maximum height to which the stone rises? (c) 30 m (d) 40 m

(a) 30 m (b) 45 m An armored car 2 m long and 3m wide is moving at 10 ms -1

(c) 60 m (d) 90 m when a bullet hits it in a direction making an angle

150. The variation of velocity of particle moving along a straight

tan -I (-

3 With the length of the car as seen by a stationary

line is shown in the figure. The distance travelled by the 4

particle in 4 s is: •

observer. The bullet enters one edge of the car at the corner

and passes out at the diagonally opposite corner. Neglecting

any interaction between the car and the bullet and effect of

gravi6r, the time for the bullet to cross the car is:

(a) 0.20 s (b) 0.15 s

2 3 (c) 0.10,s (d) 0.50 s .-

t (sec) Two particles start simultaneously from the same_point and

Fig. 4.82 move along two straight lines. One with uniform velocity v

(a) 55 m (b) 30 m and other with a uniform acceleration a. If a is the angle

(c) 25 m (d) 60 m between the lines of motion of two particles then the least

151. Figure shows the displacement-time (x-t) graph of a body value of relative velocity will be at time given by:

moving in a straight line. Which one of the graphs shown in (a) - sin a (b) v- cos a

figure represents the velocity-time (v-t) graph of the motion a a

of the body. V v

(c) - tan a (d) - cot a

a a

A jet airplane travelling at the speed of 509 km/h ejects its

products of combustion at the speed of 1500 km/h relative to

the jet plane. What is the speed of the later with respect to an

observer on ground?

(a) -100 kmph (b) -1000 kmph -

(c) -10 lcmph (d) -11kmph

10 15 20 A body is projected upwards with a velocity u. It passes„,

Fig. 4.83

through a certain point above the ground after ti. The tim6:3.'

after which the body passes through the same point during .;

the return journey is:

a(m/s2) a(m/s2)

. (a) (LI - (b) 2 (-u-) - t i

(a) 10 (b) 10

u2 )

(c) 3(-u -t (d) 3 -

g 10 ‘.7(m/s) 10 v(M/s)

A small block slides without friction down an inclined a(m/s2) a(m/s2)

plane starting from rest. Let s, be the distance travelled

S (c) 10

fromt=n-ltot= n. Then n is: (d) 10

Sn+I

2n -1 10 v(m/s) I 10 v(m/s)

(b) 2n +1

(a)

2n 2n - 1 1,61. Two stones are thrown up simultaneously with initial speeds

2n -1 of u1 and u2 (u2 > u 1 ). They hit the ground after 6 s and 10 s

(c) (d) 2n respectively. Which graph in fig. correctly represents the

2n +1 2n +1

time variation of Ax = (x2 -x1 ),the relative position of the

The following graph shows the variation of velocity of a

rocket with time. Then the maximum height attained by the second stone with respect to the first upto t = 10 s? Assume

rocket is: that the stones do not rebound after hitting the ground.

v(ms-1) A

(a)

6

2 4 6 8 10

t

100

Fig. 4.85 (c)

(a) 1.1 km (b) 5 km

(c) 55 km (d) none of these 2 4 6 8 10

t

The velocity-time (u-t) graph of a particle moving in a

straight line is shown in figure. The acceleration of the The displacement-time graph of a moving particle with

particle at t= 9 is: constant acceleration is shown in the figure. The velocity-

time graph is given by:

V ms-1)

x(m)

15

10

5

0 1 2

t(s) Fig. 4.88

2 4 6 8 10 12

Fig. 4.86

(a) zero (b) 5

(c) - 5 ms 2 (d) - 2 ms -2 (a) (b)

Velocity versus displacement graph of a particle moving in

a straight line is shown in figure. Corresponding

acceleration versus velocity graph will be:

v (m/s)

(c) (d)

10

In 1.0 s, a particle goes from point A to point B, moving in a

(m) semicircle of radius 1.0 m (Fig. 4.89). The magnitud_e of the

-average velocity is.: [IIT-JEE 19991

Fig. 4.87

r-v pal til•IG Jlal Lb 110111 1 GM. us acxieraionka) versus time v

is as shown in Fig. 4.91. The maximum speed of the partici(

will be: [IIT-JEE 2004]

Acceleration

(m/s2)

10

11

(a) 3.14 ms-1 (b) 2.0ms -1 Fig. 4.91

(c) 1.0ms-1 (d) zero

164. A ball is dropped vertically from a height d above the (a) 110 ms-1 (b) 55 ms-1

ground. It hits the ground and bounces up vertically to a (c) 550 ms -1 (d) 660 ms -1

height d I 2 Neglecting subsequent motion and air 168. Depict the shown v -xgraph in a -xgraph:. [IIT-JEE 20051

resistance, its velocity u varies with the height h above the

ground as: [IIT-JEE 20001

(a) (b)

a

(a) (b)

a

(c) (d)

(d)

plane starting from rest. Let Sn be the distance travelled .EI" A H

from I = (n -1) seconds to t (= n) seconds. Then Sn / Sn+1 Which of the following statements about distance are true?

is: • 20041 (a) It cannot be negative

2n -1 +1 (b)It cannot be zero

(a) (b) 2n

2n ;2n -1 It can never be lesser than magnitude of displacement

2n -1 2n It can never decrease with time

(c) (d)

2n +1 2n +1 If a body after travelling some distance comes back to its

starting point:

166. A particle starts from rest. Its acceleration (a )versus time (t)

(a) average velocity is zero (b) average speed is zero

is as shown in the figure. The maximum speed of the particle (c) distance travelled is zero (d) displacement is zero

will be: [IIT-JEE 2004] If the velocity of a body is constant:

'velocity = speed

a(m/s2) 'average velocity' = speed

10 velocity = average velocity

speed = average speed

If a particle travels a linear distance at speed v1 and comes

back along the same track at speed v 2 :

its average speed is arithmetic mean (v1 + v2 )/2

t(s)

11 its average speed is geometric mean Vv i y 2

_.

Fig. 4.90 its average speed is harmonic mean 2v1v 2 / (v1 + V 2 )

its velocity is zero

(a) 110 m/s (b) 55 m/s

(c) 550 m/s (d) 660 m/s

5. For a moving particle: 12. A carrom striker is given velocity on carrom based has

-4 always. Friction causes constant retardation. Striker hits

(a) I vav I> V av (b) vav

'v V av boundary of carrom and comes to rest at point from where it

started. Take initial velocity direction as positive, choose

(C) vav = Obut V av # 0 (d) vav # Obut v av = 0 correct graph describing motion : (v-velocity, s-displace-

6. Which of the following statements are true? ment, t-time)

A body can have constant speed but varying velocity

A body can have constant velocity but varying speed

A body can have acceleration without having velocity (a) (b)

A body can have velocity without having acceleration

7. If a body is accelerating:

it may speed up

it may speed down

(c) (d)

it may move with same velocity

it may move with same speed -t

-4 -)

8. If two bodies are in motion with velocities vi and v2 : V

4.1)22 13. For one-dimensional motion described by:

(a) IVrei i .livi2 (b) ly re, I= Ivi ±v2 I

x = t - sin t

(c) v rel = 0 (d) v rei > c (speed of light) (a) x (t)> 0 for all t > 0 (b) v (t)> 0 for all t > 0

9. The velocity of a particle is at any time related to the (c) a (t)> 0 for all t > 0 (d) v (t) lies between 0 and 2

distance travelled by the particle by the relation

a 14. A particle moves along a straight line so that its velocity

v (x)= ax + b, where a is positive and b is 5_ -. Which of the depends on time as v= 4t - t 2 . Then for first 5 s :

2

following statements will be true for this motion? average velocity is 25/3 ms-1

(given x =0 when I = 0) average speed is 10 ms -1

The displacement of the particle at time t is average velocity is 5/3 ms -1

b at acceleration is 4 ms -2 at t = 0

x = -(e -1) •

a 15. A particle moves with an initial velocity v o and retardation

The particle will experience a retardation if b < 0 a v, where v is the velocity at any time t.

The particle will be at rest at time t = 0

The motion of the particle is under constant acceleration The particle will cover a total distance v—

°

10. A train accelerating uniformly passes three successive 1

kilometre posts at times t =0,t = 75 and t = 125 (all in The particle will come to rest after time -

second). In respect of this motion, which of the following

statements are true? The particle will continue to move for a long time

V„ 1

The acceleration of the train is (1m/ s 2 The velocity of particle will become after time -

75 a

The speed at the last of the three posts is 22.67 m/s 16. A particle moves in a straight line with the velocity as shown

The initial velocity of the train is 10 m/s in figure. At t = 0,x = -16 m.

The train will travel the next one kilometre in 15 second

11. Two cities A and B are connected by a regular bus services

with buses flying in either:direction every T seconds. The

speed of each bus is uniform and equal to Vb. A cyclist t (s)

cycles from A to B with a uniform speed of Ve (11/1 > Eic, ). A

bus goes past the cyclist in Ti second in the direction. A to B

and every T2 second in the direction B to A. Then:

VT VTh Fig. 4.93

(a) Ti = (b) T2 — '

Vb +Vc Vb - Vc The maximum value of the position coordinate of the

VT V,T particle is 54 m.

(c) T = (d) T2 — " - The maximum Value af the position coordinate of the

VV

b c Vb + Vc

particle is 36 m.

The particle is at the position of 36 mat t =18s.

The particle is at the position of 36 m at t = 30s.

Assertio

TP QU E

E STIONS

If both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation (A) : A body X is dropped from the top of a tower. At the

of A.

same time, another body Y is thrown horizontally

If both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation

from the same position with a velocity u. Both bodies

of A.

will reach the ground at the same time.

If A is true but R is false.

(R) : Horizontal velocity has no effect on motion in the

If A is false but R is true.

vertical direction.

If both A and R are false.

(A) : Two bodies of unequal masses mi and m2 are

(A) : A body X is thrown vertically upwards with an initial

speed 45 m/s. Another body Y is also thrown dropped from the same height. If the resistance

vertically upwards with an initial speed 27 m/s. offered by air to the motion of both bodies is the

1 same, the bodies will reach the earth at the same time.

During the last — sec of motion of each body, speed

2 (R) : For equal air resistance, accelerations of fall of

masses m1 and m2 will be different.

of each reduces by the same value.

(A) A body is released from a height. As it is falling

(R) : Both bodies are moving with same acceleration.

(A) : A body is thrown vertically upwards with an initial vertically downwards, at some position, it explodes

speed 25 m/s from a position 1. It falls back to into fragments under purely internal forces. Centre

position 1 after sometime. During this time duration, of mass of the system of fragments will keep moving

total change of velocity of the body is zero. along the original vertical line and also accelerate

(R) : Average acceleration of the body during this time is downwards with an acceleration g.

zero. (R) : Whenever linear momentum of a system is

(A) : An object moving with a velocity of magnitude 10 conserved, its centre of mass always remains at rest.

(A) Two particles start from the rest simultaneously and

m/s is subjected to a uniform acceleration 2 mis 2 at

proceed with the same acceleration in the same

right angle to the initial motion. Its velocity after 5 s

has a magnitude nearly 14 m/s. direction. The relative velocity of these particles will

be zero throughout motion.

4 (R) At every moment the two particles will have the

(R) : The equation v = u+ at can be applied to obtain v

same velocity

if a▪ is constant.

(A) : A body is moving

along a straight line

Figure shows sequence of large

number of photograph of an object

moving vertically under gravity. A

80

such that its velocity v

motion picture of this photograph is run

varies with time as

backward.

shown in figure. 2 4 6 8 10 12 t (s)

(A) : In time reversal sequence the gravi-

Magnitude of dis-

Fig. 4.94 tational acceleration will appear to be

placement of the

body from t = 0 to t = 12s is the same as the distance upward. 0

(R) : A time reversal operation changes Fig. 4.95

travelled by it in the giVen time duration.

(R) : For a unidirectional motion of a body, every v to — V.

'displacement! = distance (A) : If two particles are neither approaching towards nor

(A) : A body is thrown with a velocity u inclined to the receding away from each other then their relative

horizontal at an angle e(0> 0, < 90°). At the highest velocity is zero.

point, the angle between instantaneous velocity and (R) : Relative velocity of 1 w.r.t. 2 is given by

acceleration is zero. -->

(R) : At the highest point velocity of the projectile is zero. V12 = v1 — v2

(A) : In an elastic collision between two bodies, the

relative speed of the bodies after collision is equal to

the _relative speed before collision.

(R) : In an elastic collision, the linear momentum of the

N.

system is conserved. 2007)

l

MATRIX-MATCH TYPE QUESTIONS

11". .44 F•ler

back to maximum height h' (H). Take upward as the ( C) i3 involves positive

direction and initial position on origin. a) a)

a acceleration

_ cp

Column - I 1 _ .. Column - II >

.x (Distance)

Displacement versus (p)

The motion depicted in

time graph is

this graph

—

(d) .„ , involves negative

_ acceleration

Distance from starting (q) aI

t

2 (7)

point versus time graph

is __.

Linear

momentum

The motion depicted in

Distance versus time (r) this graph

graph is

of a building. The elevator begins to move at t = 0. Apparent

weight of the person as a function of time is shown in figure.

Velocity versus dis- (s) Take g = I OM/s2 and match Columns-I and IL:

placement graph is

App. wt. (N)

800 -

(t)

650 -

500

the cases, match Columns-I an4 II. Fig. 4.96

. '

(a) The elevator is moving (p) t = Is

5 is uniform linear down at

motion

0l

1 (b) Magnitude of accelera- (q) t = 10 s

a_ I tion of the object is 2.3

x

--• Time m/s 2 at

The motion depicted in (c) Speed of the object is 2.3 (r) t = 12s

this graph m/s at

(d) Magnitude of accelera- (s) t = 1 is

ti § / is non-uniform linear tion of the object is 1.15

cct motion m/s2 at

*.7,

---c ,- 1

13

fl. 0

E

- .Time - -

The motion depicted in s

this graph

moves. Column II describes some characteristics of these (e)" 1 tie object is attached (r) The kinetic energy of

motions. Match the situations in Column I with the to one end of.a massless the objects keeps on

characteristics in Column II. spring of a given spring decreasing.

[LIT-JEE 2007J constant. • •

umn The other .end of the

(a) The object moves on spring is attached to the

(P) The object executes a ceiling of an elevator.

the x-axis under a simple harmonic Initially everything is at

conservative force in motion. , rest. The elevator starts

such a way that its

speed and position going upwards with a

constant acceleration a.

satisfy u = ci — x2 , The motion of the

where c1 and c2 are object is observed from

positive constants. the elevator during the

(b) The object moves on (q) The object does not period it maintains this

acceleration. .

the x-axis in such a way change its direction.

that its velocity and its (d) The object is projected (s) The object can change

displacement from the from the earth's surface its direction only once.

origin satisfy 0= — kx , vertically upwards with

-where k is a positive a speed 21/alle / Re ,

constant. where M is the mass

of the earth and Re is

the radius of the earth.

Neglect forces from

objects other than • the

earth.

moves with • acceleration 1 m/ s 2 in. the west direction.

given as function of time as s= (t-3

—

3t2

3— —2 + 2t ,s is in m When person 'B' stops pulling, it moves with acceleration

24 m/ s 2 in the north direction. The magnitude . of

and s is in sec. The particle comes o momentary rest acceleration of the cart when only A and B pull the cart

n times.

Find the value of n. keeping their directions same as the old directions, is (25/n)

Adjacent graph is drawn for particle along straight line mis 2 , value of nis:

motion, where a-acceleration and v-velocity. The In the arrangement shown in F = 10t

displacement of particle from rest till it acquires velocity figure, mA = 1 kg and mB = 2 kg;.,.:

N5 ms-' is s. Find the value of 2s (in m). while all the pulleys and strings are

1 massless and frictionless. At t= 0,

—

a I (m-1s2) a force F =10t starts acting over

5 central pulley in vertically upward

direction. If the velocity of A is

xx 10 m/s when B loses contact

Fig. 4.98

with floor, find x.

-A lift is moving up with a constant retardation of.2 m/ s 2 .

v2(m2s-2)

When its upward velocity is 5 rn/s, a boy in the lift tosses a •

Fig. 4.97

coin, imparting it an upward velocity of 3 m/s,

himself. His fingers at the moment of toss are midway

Five persons A,B,C,D and E are pulling a cart of mass 100

between the floor and ceiling, whose total height is 2m;

- kg on a smooth surface and cart is moving with acceleration Displacement of coin when it hits the ground is x metre (in

3 m/ s 2 in east direction. When person ' A ' earth frame). Value of x is : (g=10M/S 2.)

stops pulling, it

,5,7.47;7,•••••

1

.l' 1011111111111

1 .

A particle is moving along X-axis under a force such that its it is instantaneously at rest and will now move along

position-time graph is as shown in figure. positive X-direction

it is moving along positive X-direction with a speed that

. is decreasing with time

it is moving along negative X-direction with a maximum

speed

it is moving along negative X-direction with a minimum

speed

6. As the particle passes position (6) :

it is moving along positive X-direction with a speed that

is increasing with time

it is moving along positive X-direction with a speed that

is decreasing with time

Fig. 4.99 it is moving along negative X-direction with a speed that

Answer the following questions: is increasing with time

1. As the particle passes position (1) : it is moving along negative X-direction with a speed that

(a) it is moving along negative X-direction with a speed that is decreasing with time

is increasing with time

it is moving along positive X-direction with a speed that

is decreasing with time A person standing on the roof of a building throws a ball

it is moving along negative X,direction with a speed that vertically upward at an instant t =0. The ball leaves his hand

is decreasing with time with an upward speed 20 in/sand it is then in free fall. The

it is moving along positive X-direction with a speed that ball rises to a certain height and then moves down. On its

is increasing with time way down, the ball just misses to bit the roof of the building

2. As the particle passes position (2) : and keeps falling towards the earth. The ball hits earth at

it is moving along positive X-direction with a maximum t = 5 sec. Considering that (i) the vertically upward direction

speed is the positive Y-direction (ii) the position of ball at t = 0 is

it is moving along positive X-direction with a minimum the origin (iii) the ball does not rebound and comes to rest at

speed the same place where it hits earth and (iv) air resistance is

it is moving along negative X-direction and its speed is negligible. (Take g = 10m/ S 2 )

zero here

Answer the following questions:

it is moving along negative X-direction with a minimum

speed Maximum displacement of the ball from the _initial position

is:

3. As the particle passes position (3) :

(a) it is moving along positive X-direction with a maximum (a) 45 m (b) — 45 m (c) 25 j m (d) — 25 j m

speed Average velocity of the ball from t = 0 to t = 5 sec is:

it is moving along negative X-direction with a speed that (a) 10 j m/s (b) — 5 3 mis

is increasing with time (c) — 8 j m/s (d) — 9 j lois

it is moving along positive X-direction with a speed that Position-time graph for the given motion of the ball is:

is decreasing with time

y(m) Y(m)

it is moving along negative X-direction with a speed that

is decreasing with time (a) 0 t(s) (b) 0 t(s)

4. As:the particle passes position (4) :

(a) it is instantaneously at rest and will now move along

negative X-direction y(m) Y(m)

(6) it is instantaneously at rest and will now move along

'positive X-direction (c) 0 t(s) (d) 0 t(s)

it is moving along positive X-direction with a maximum

speed

it is moving along negative X.-direction with a maximum

speed

a0.

v(m/s) P Q

0 •

t(s)

(b) 0 t(s)

X2

Fig. 4.100

v(m/s) v(m/s)

— x2 —x1 Ax

The average velocity V = =

t(s) t 2 —t1 At

(c) (d) t(s)

1. A particle moves half the time of its journey with

u. The rest

of the half time it moves with two velocities v i and 02 such

5. Acceleration of the ball will vary with time as that half the distance it covers with v i and the other half with

a(m/s2) 02 . The net average velocity is : (Assume straight line

'a(m/s2) motion)

u(vi +02 )+201 02 (b) 2u (vi + 0 2 )

(a)

(a) t(s) 2(01 + 02 )

(b) 0 2u+vi +02

u (vi +0, ) 0

(c) (d) 201 2

2v u+vi +02

a(m/s2) a(m/s2)

A particle moves according to the equation x = t 2 3t + 4.

The average velocity in the first 5 s is:

(c) 0 5 (a) 8 m/s

III/I t(S) (d) 0 Ill t(s) (b) 7.6 m/s

5 (c) 6.4 m/s (d) 5.8 m/s

The resistive force suffered by a motor boat is proportional

''tO 0 2

, where v is instantaneous velocity. The engine was

shut down when the velocity of the boat was v0 . Find the

ssage= average velocity at any time t.

Consider a particle moving along x-axis. Its distance from vg, v vv,

(a) (b)

origin 0 is described by the co-ordinate x which varies with 2 2(00 +0)

time. At a time t1 , the particle is at point P.

where its

co-ordinate is x1 and at time t 2 , the particle is at point 000 loge() 2o vo log P

Q, u

where its co-ordinate is x2 . The displacement during the (c) (d)

time interval from t1 to t2 is the vector from P to (vo —v) (V+

V)

Q, the

x-component of this vector is (x2 —x1 ) and all other

components are zero.

It is convenient to represent the quantity x2 —x1 the change

in x by means of a notation A, thus & x

2 — x1 and

At = t 2 — t1.

ANSWERS

ONLY ONE CHOICE IS CORRECT

5. (a) 6. (c) 7.(b) 8. (a)

1.(b) 2.(b) 3.(d) 4.(a)

21. (b) 22. (a) 23. (c) 24. (c)

17. (c) 18. (b) 19. (b) 20. (a)

13. (c) 14. (d) 15. (c) 16. (b) 36: (d)

32. (c) 33. (c) 34. (c) 35. (c)

28. (b) 29. (a) 30. (b) 31. (c)

25. (c) 26. (c) 27. (c) 47. (d) 48. (c)

43. (d) 44. (a) 45. (d) 46. (b)

39. (c) 40. (c) 41. (d) 42. (a)

37. (a) 38. (a) 58. (b) 59. (a) 60.

54. (d) 55. (d) 56. (c) 57. (b)

50. (b) 51. (b) 52. (b) 53. (a)

49. (c) 69. (c) 70. (a) 71. (c) 72. (b)

65. (c) 66. (c) 67. (c) 68. (b)

61. (b) 62. (b) 63. (c) 64. (b) 84. (c)

80. (b) 81. (0 82. (c) 83. (a)

76. (b) 77. (d) 78. (c) 79. (a)

73. (b) 74. (d) 75. (c) 95. (a) 96. (d)

91. (c) 92. (d) 93. (b) 94. (c)

87. (d) 88. (a) 89. (b) 90. (a)

85. (a) 86. (b) 106. (b) 107. (c) 108. (a)

102. (c) 103. (b) 104. (d) 105. (a)

98. (b) 99. (d) 100. (b) 101.(b)

97. (a) 117. (a) 118. (c) 119. (a) 120. (c)

113. (b) 114. (c) 115. (d) 116. (c)

109. (d) 110. (b) 111. (a) 112. (a)

129. (d) 130. (c) 131. (c) 132. (c)

125. (b) 126. (b) 127. (c) 128. (b)

121. (a) 122. (b) 123. (b) 124. (c)

141. (b) 142. (b) 143. (b) 144. (b)

137. (c) 138. (a) 139.(b) 140. (b)

133. (c) 134. (b) ,135. (b) 136. (b)

153. (a) 154. (b) 155. (b) 156. (b)

149. (b) 150. (a) 151. (d) 152. (b)

145. (c) 146. (d) 147. (c) 148. (a)

165. (c) 166. (b) 167. (b) 168. (a)

161. (a) 162. (a) 163.(b) 164. (a)

157. (c) 158. ' (c) 159. (c) 160. (a)

4. (c, d) 5. (b,t)

2. (a, d) . 3. (a, b, c, d)

1. (a, c, d)

9. (a, b) 10. (a, d)

7. (a, b, d) 8. (a, b, c)

6. (a, c, d)

14. (c, d) 15. (a, c, d)

12. (b, c) 13. (a, d)

11. (c, d)

16. (a, c, d)

5. (e) 6. (a) 7. (d) 8. (c)

1. (a) 2. (e) 3. (a) 4. (a)

q,r; q,r; 3.

1. a---)q;b-s;c-->r; d-4t 2. a-4 ci,r;

4. a --> p; b-)ci,r; p;

1. (2)

Passage-1 1. (d) 2. (a)

.Passage-2 1..(d)

--„ momminuommommen

H I NTS & EXPLANATIONS

1:. Let t i and 12 be time taken to cover first and second half dr = v =( 1

dt 2ar+13

'

Again differentiating w.r.t.

x/

11 = 2 = x idx 2 d2

V 11 2v1 ' 0=a•2 +au - x d2x

\dt) dt-2

x1

t2 = 2 x

dr

dt 2

2 2v2 —

di

(x/ 2+x/ 2) 1

v av d 2 x = -2CW 2

x x1 1 = 2av

dt 2 (2aX + )

2v

1 2v

2 2v1 2v2 9. v u + at

1 1

2v1 , 2V 2 0= 20- 5t

7/ay

'N. -= 4s

V I +V2 1

10. a

2V I V2 s nth u + - (2n-1)

av 2

2v v

V v=. 9= 0+ (2-(2x 5-1)

' V1 + V 2 2

->

• a=2m/s2

2. I vrel I I Vtrain - V parrot I= 10- (-5) = 15 m/s-

(40)2 = (30)2 + 2as

x 150 ,

t-—=— =10s 350 = as

vrel 15 Now, vm2 = (30)2 +as Fig. 4.101

3. t 150

10+5 1

x=- X a X (10)2

ds d 2 2

4. v = — = — (8t + 3t - 5)= 16t +3

di di. 1

x+y=-xax(z,u)

Initial velocity (time, t = 0) is given by 2

u = 3 cm/s y =-1 xax(30)x10=-xax(10)

2 2 x3= 3x

5. y = A sin (kx cot ) 2

y = 3x

dy

v = — = -Acocos (kx-wt) 13. v 2 = 2as

dt

The maximum particle velocity is (3v)2 = 2as2

lv max j= /1o)

s2 = 9s1

6. v = 20+ 0.1 t 2

14. v2 = 2 + zas

dv

a = — = 0.2 t (30)2

di a=

16

Thus, acceleration depends upon time, or the body

undergoes non-uniform acceleration • Now, 0= (60)2 - 2as'

V1 -v2 = t +1 KE

1 2 x = — . Therefore, x will remain the same for truck and car.

-v3 12 +1

3

1

8. t = ax2 +13x s =-(gsinO)t 2= - x1 10xsin Ox 16

2 - 2

Differentiating w.r.t. 't' s= 80sin 0

dr dx s 1

1=a•za—+p— -= - x (g sin 0)x (t ')2

dt di 42

Motion under gravity is independent of mass of body.

1 2

a=-gti

2

2

2h =-1 xgx(71

26. T= —

g 2 2

1 2 AH =Hi -H2

27. = - xg(3)

2

Fig. 4.102

1

H2 =- xg(2)2

2

80sin 0 12 1

= x10xsin 0 x (t')

4 2 28. s = u+- g(2t -1)

2

(1')2 = 4 u 2 5x 5 1.25 m

29. h = = =

t' =2s 2g 2x10

18. Just like on circular motion where speed is constant but 2v„

velocity is variable. 30. T =

19. 'Acceleration in uniform electric field is given by

F qE 31. n=u-gt

a=—=—. 0= u-9.8x1 u = 9.8

mm

Given that, 1

s= 9.8x 1- - x 9.8x (1)2

Xe =X p 2

1 2=-a 1 t22 s = 4.9 m

-a i

2 et 2 P 32. v = 0 for both the balls

t2 ae eE I me I in Hence, they will reach to ground at same time.

\ eE I in1, me 2

t1 \O p

33. s = ut + 1- at

2

20. v = 4J-T

-s

2

v =16+16s

'V 2 -16=16s

v 2 -(4)2 = 2(8)s

Initial velocity = 4 m/s

dv = (A - Bv)

22.

dt

Fig. 4.103

f dv

= f dt

(A - Bv) 0 For first particle

0

1 2

1 -200=10x t, - - x 10x t

-- log (A - Bv) = t 2

B e 0

, -40= 2t1 -

1

--[log e (A -Bv)-log e Al= t Ito -40=0

ti2 -

log e ( A - Bv)_ Bt (+ve sign is considered)

A - 2 - _

(A - By)= Ae-Bt 2.+,5-4-

t =

1 2

By = A - Ae-Bt

o_e-Bt) For second particle

v=—(1--e 2

200=1012 +-1 10t

2 2

t2 — —z+ \/164 51. Area blow v—t curve provides displacement.

2 (considering only +ve sign)

••• At=t1 —t2 =2Y The maximum height reached by the particle is at 1=12 sec.

Hence ,the area from t = 0 to t = 12 will give

1 the maximun

34. For block h = — gt 2 - height.

2

( Ay)

For bullet 1 2 a=

100—h = 100t — — gt At

2

1

t = lsec 54. Distance= — x3x2 + —1

2 xlx 2 +(lx1)= 5m

2

35. Time of fall of stone, 11 = 2h = 2x 500

=10 s (In this problem displacement = 3 m)

g 10

Time taken by sound of splash to rise to tower Distance from origin means magnitude of the displacement.

vdv

x 500 a = — , for constant acceleration.

12 = — = — s ds

v 340

v

Total time = t i + t2 = 10+1.5 = 11.5s f du -= fa dv

Freely falling block will reach first but speed of both will v2 2as

remain same. Graph is parabolic.

h = _1 7 2sinO

(gti )sin 0 Let the velocity of aeroplane at the time when 1st and 2nd

sine 2 - stone were dropped was u and u 'then distance travelled will

be:

h = —1 gq

2 Fig. 4.104 1

hi = u(t+ t')-- g(r+ t')2

= 2t2 2

38. vav — Total distance

h2 = u't —1 gt ' 2

Total time 2

Total distance = Area below v -t curve

Let v and u be speeds of swimmer and river respectively.

2b b b 2bv

60 km/hr T— ;T, = + 2b

2 ;T3 = —

v 2 —u v—u v+u v 2 _ 14 2

Ti2 = T2 • T3

1 8 1t 49. Ace.= (a— bx)

Fig. 4.105

dv

v — = a— bx

In upward motion, resistance of air acts downward while in dx

downward motion it acts upwards, always opposite to v dv = f (a — bx)dx

velocity.

This property is inertia. v2 bx 2

— = CIX —

This graph is parabola. 2 2

vA = tan 30° v2 = 2ax— bx 2

B tan 60° When v = 0,

ds 0 = 2ax— bx 2

— = 0, finally the particle comes at rest.

di 2a

x=—

Since s-t graph is parabolic hence acceleration is constant. b

dv

Area below v-t curve will provide net displacement. 60. a = kt = — = kt

In option (d) v oc t, means acceleration is constant. di

_ dv = f kt dt

In option (c) velocity decreases at constant rate.

At B acceleration is —ve. Hence force opposes the motion. kt 2 cfr kt 2

v=———

v2 —V1 0— 60 2 dt 2

a= = —2 m/s 2

t2 —t 1 70-40

2

t2 69. E = 1- mv

dx = fk — dt 2

2

1

kt 3 (k0t 2 I 2 E = - mx2axs

x= = =- at 2

6 6 6 E ocs

2 v„ 1 2

Since, T= " 70. 10= ux 5+- xa (5)

a net 2

1

a no = 20 m/s 2 20=ux8+-xa(8)2

2

Hence, a E = 10 mis2 Fig. 4.106 1 2 1 2

71. 2.0 =- xax t where a = -m/s

• F = -kv 2 2 2

dv 2 For man 2.0 = v x t

m— = -kv

dt 1.5vdtt f57 vdt+bi° vdt=s

72. JO

v dv k t Total distance

dt

f = -f 73. Av. speed =

10 v 0 Total time

2

1 v 2 „t v

2

v t +v 2 t 2 +

10 1 1

v 24 2

1 v

-1- - -j- = - (2) 2

v 10 5 1 a2

I

V = 2 m/s

1 2

When the person will move on moving escalator the time 7 4. -H = ut --gt I

2

will be less than one minute.

s 1 2

H=ut2+-gt2

2 A s B

2a l x — = (vmax)

Fig. 4.107 1 2

s H = - gt 3

Also (v max )2 = 2a 2 X —n 2

S v Initially acceleration is constant after this acceleration

Av. velocity = where 11 - max suddenly decreases and becomes zero.

11 +12 al

Since the distance traversed in the 5th second and 6th

and t 2 =(v max ) second are equal it means body reaches at top point at t = 5

a2

sec.

Initially velocity increases along -ve axis then it becomes v = 9.8x 5

+ ye after collision. v =49 rn/s

=/1 +12 At t= 0, = 4 m

1 1

vi + v2 )

At t = 3, y2 = 2(3)2 +3(3)+ 4 = 31m

11 +12 31- 4 27 = m/s

= Y2 — Y1 =

3 av 3-0 3

-(1), )+(v ) t 2 —t1

2

When lift is accelerating relative acceleration increases

1+12

t" = 1 hence time decreases.

(v1 )-v2

Area below v- t curve provides displacement

68; V rel =V1 4V 2

Hence, s = j v dt

= (al + a2 ), directed opposite to motion. o

a rel

2

Using, v 2 - u = 2as, we have x 1

(0)2 _ ( +v2 )2 =_2(a1 + a2 f dx = vt = (v o +gt + ft 2 )dt

0 0 0

2

(v1 +v2 )

s=

2(a1 + a2 )

x 0 t—

+ gt2+ft3i 1 2

2 3 H = - XgX('-

0 2 2)

H = 1.25 m

x+0 +g+-f-)

2 3

Time for one ball to reach at max. height is1- + 1- = 1sec

v = alrx 4 4 2

dx V A = u - gt1

— ax1/2

dt

B 11— 0 1 + t2 )

hA = uti --1 gt 2

2

h B = u(11 + t )--1 g (t +t ) 2

2 2 1 2

1 2

-hB =v B t 3 --

2 gt 3

4

x t2

• 13

Work done = Change in P.E.

t2

Fs = mgh Ms

F = nigh 0.2x10x 2

20N

0.2 hB

is > 2 sec. hA

0 Ball 2

1

Ball 1 - - - 0- Fig. 4.109

Ball 3

Man's Hand Av. speed = Total distance

Fig. 4.108 Total time

s/2

Hence, for this speed >19.6 m/s. V = 3m/s s/2

2v, v, • •

Av. speed - A t1 t2 t2 B

V1 +V2 2 2

dv Fig. 4.110

— = (6t + 5)

dt

jo 6t 2

'v du = —+5t Av. speed =

2

v=3t 2 +5t

= 3t 2 + 5t For 1st half

dt

x=t 3 + 5t 2 s t,

For ind half t,

arei = 10- 2 = 8 m/s 2 = 4.5x + 7.5

2 2 2

H=-g't1 2

2 (i)

s+1200

2= 1- x8xt 2 130= (ii)

2

1 where s is the length of train and v is the speed of train.

t= sec

1/2

du. = 3,

92. Let 1 be the length of the train. dt

1st Case : v 2 - u2 = 2a1 dv3 =

40 k.dt

IInd case : V' 2 -/42. = 2a (1/2)

kt

Comparing eqns. (i) and (ii), 2 v2 v(2)

2v'2 -2u2 =v2 -u2

v- 0

1v2 +u2

v' =1 AI2v(ik t +1

2

93. v= Velocity of person as seen by observer = 20 - 3 = 17 m/s

1 2

ds nr -200= ux 8--.x10x(8)

2

dt

jos s-u2 ds= dt 1 gT 2

H=-

0 2

2-1S = \IC x2 4 1

-H=g(T-1)

5 2

94. = tan =a

tl

= tan 02 =13

t2

(a-1-0)v

t1 +t2 =t=

m

t2 It

Fig. 4.112

aI3 Fig. 4.111

I)

a+ 103.

t Acceleration Retardation

= vm =

95. t

a a + 13 •

A

al3t 2 6km

1

96. s = 2- xv M x(t1 +t 2 )= 2(a+p) Fig. 4.113

12 1

97. = s+- at S x 2xt 2

2 -2

u±-11u2 -2as (2t, )2 2t 2

t= 6000-s, -

a - 3x2 3

So, the passenger will catch the bus if t is real, (6000- t )x 3 = 2t12

v 2 ?_ 2as

18000= 5t

v 12—

as

t 2 = 3600

-v2 should

98. The velocity of train relative to goods train v i

t = 60sec

become zero before the trains meet. 1 2

- V2=2u + s Now, S2 = u 2 t 2 -- at 2

r r• rr 2

0= - v2 )2 -2iis u2 = aiti

1 2

(vi - v2 )2 2400 = 1 20t2 - 2- x 30x t 2

s=

2a t2 = 40sec

The trains will not collide if Hence, total time T=t 1 +t 2 =100sec

d>

(v 1 - v 2 )2

d> s , i.e.,

2a

Train A Train B 60m

40km/hr 20km/hr

30km 2m/s

Fig. 4.114 Fig. 4.115

Time = 1

= — hour from B to A as speed of insect w.r.t. belt is constant.

40+20 2

60

Hence, distance travelled by sparrow t = — = 15sec

4

1

d =- x 30= 15 km 1

2 114. x=- xg(1)2 x=5m

2

105. s = ut + ± at 2 1

2 35 = — xg [2t —1] t = 4sec

2

h=-4x4+1x9.8x(4)2 =-16+ 78.4=62.4 m

2 Hence, Height of tower, H =-1 xl0xt2 = 80 m

1 2

106. —60= 5t -- x 10x t 2 115. A = 4 mls 2

2

107. Let motorcycle meets the car after time t. 11 =13

For motorcycle : x= lit+ 24

2

1

24+11t=- x2xt 2

2

t 2 -11t-24= 0

t = 3 sec

108. 2 Total distance s = 15 x 20

t —11t— 24 = 0

t = 3, 8 s= 300 m

109. The distance travelled in last second is always equal because 1

300= 2x- x 4 x ti2 + (4ti )t2 ...

it is equal to 2

300

1

s= —xg(t ) 15=

2 2t1 +t 2

110. The distance from the top h =h--5h 4h d = Total area under the curve

=— is travelled in

9 9 1

(t — 1)seconds, where ( is time of fall on the ground. (6t+ 8t)x10+-1 (2t + 4t)x 10

2 2

4h 1 =70 t+30 t

— =— g(t — 1)2

9 2 = 100 t

_4 gt 2) = _1 g(t _ 1)2 Total distance 100 t

92 2 av = — =43.3 m/s

Total time 12 t

j't 2 =t 2 +1-2t Displacement = Total area under the curve

9

5t 2 —18t+9=0 = -1 (6t+8t)x10--1 (2t+4t)x 10

2 2

(5t — 3)(t — 3). 0 = 70t — 30t = 40t

t=3

...Average velocity — Displacement = 40t

— = 3.3 m/s

v

in / belt = 4 m/s Time 12t

v belt/gyound = 2 m/s

v

in /grotmd = 6 m./s

f dv =

118. r = (1—at)t

2

dr

= (1— 2oct)A v

dt

2H

120. t 1 12 --

At t = T, v = fo T — —1— foT

2 2T —

2x80

= 16 H=-1 gt 3

1 2 2

tlt2

10 125. —H = ut 1 — — gt 1

2 2

vi 1 2

H =ut 2 +—gt 2

2

iv u=3t 2 +5

80m 2 2

I ul

j0x dx = (3t + 5)dt

Ground 1

65=u+—a(2x5 -1)

Fig. 4.117 2

1

121. t = t' +t 2' Sum of time remain same. 105= u+—a(2x 9-1)

2

122. = (g + a)

5= u(20)+ a(20)2

2u

Since t=— 50

dm

A rel 128. F = u— = 400x — = 20N

dt 1000

2u — gt)

a= ( t ) 129. F— i (dm)

v re- dt

1 2

H = — xl0x(2) 130. Slope is same means velocity is same hence relative velocity

2

is zero.

H = 20 m

2 1

Time interval between two drops = — = — sec.

84

Fig. 4.119

2 3

x= at+bt —ct

Fig. 4.118 2bt — 3ct 2

Let the distance travelled by 3rd drops is a = (2b — 6ct)

1 2 11

s3 =- xgx(1.5) If a = 0,1 = (-

2 3c )

Distance travelled by 5th drop a= 3t+4

1 2 du

s5 = — x g(1) — = 3t + 4

2 dt

As = s3 —s5 3t 2

= 4t

T)

f = f0 — L 2

134. a=ott+P

f will be zero at t = T. dv

dv t) dt

=

v +tit

2 h = — gt (after collision)

135. 2

v2 = u 2 2gH

As h t 2 , hence graph will be parabolic with

u and Hare same hence ratio is same. h = 4.9 m at

t = O.

136. Let t be time to rise to reach maximum vertical height

h. 140. At height h above P:

Then,

V2 = u 2—2gh

(i) t

h = 1 gt 2 At depth h below P:

2 (i)

Time to travel distance h I (2y)2 = u 2 +2gh (ii)

2 from the topmost point is given

by Adding eqns. (i) and (ii)

,2 5v2 = 2u 2

gt h =gtr 2

2 2

2=

Comparing eqns. (i) and (ii), U V2 2v

2

gt' 2 = —1 gt 2 Eqn. (ii) minus Eqn. (i) gives Fig. 4.120

2

3v 2 = 4gh 2 4

V = — gh

t' =ti/

3

... Required time = t + 4

- = 1 i" The maximum height attained by the stone is

1/2 V2 u 2 5v 2 / 2 5v 2 5 (4

L 5,

137. The velocity of the body on reaching the ground is 2g 2g .)

4g

4g3 3

V = Vu 2 +2gh = V 2 +196 Height = Algebraic sum of area under u-t graph

0

Given that, = -1 x30x3--1 xl0x1

1 2 2

'

2 = 40m

As (t)= —1 at 2

mgh 2

and x2 (t)= ut

V2 = 4gh

xi —x2 =—I at 2 — vt

V2 (Parabola)

0 +196= 4x 9.8x10 2

vo2 = 392-196= 196 Clearly, graph (2) represents it correctly.

Time interval between two balls = Time of ascend

1/0 = 14 irds

1 u g 2

aT

138. — = co2x T 03,2 T = constant hg h 2g

h=u

x x

vrei = at

(aT

Hence, this factor — I does not change with time. For P: 30= 15+ at

x

For Q: y= 20—at

139. Consider downward direction negative and upward 1

positive. h= y=- gti t 2

2

For downward motion, v =

For upward motion, v = +gt. 146. The relative velocity of bullet with respect to thief

vbt =(ub+u p )—ut

As the collisions are elaoiic, the magnitude of velocity will

Area of v-t graph;

remain the same. The direction will change after each

Area of v-t graph;

collision, starting with negative direction. Also, v oc t, hence

the graph will be straight line. u2

h = — ; From graph u = 30 m/s ; a = — 30

- 2a = 10 m/s 2

Also, h = 4.9-1 gt 2 (before collision)

2 150. Area of under v-t graph

0 to 5s : velocity is +ve and constant

5 to 15s : slope is zero

1

an - - a 2n -1

15 to 20s : velocity is -ve and constant 2

Area under trapezium gives displacement. 2n +1

a (n +1)— a

2

Hence, the correct option is (c).

Maximum height will be attained at 110s. Because after 110

s, velocity becomes negative and rocket will start coming

10 m/s

down.

Area from 0 to 110s is 1- x 110 x1000 = 55,000 m = 551cm

2

Fig. 4.121 V2 — V1 _ 5-15 = - 5 m/s 2

a -

t 2 — t 1 10-8

Relative velocity along x-axis is (vb cos 37°-10)

Distance travelled by bullet along x-axis is 162. At t = 0, slope of the x-t graph is zero; hence velocity is zero

(vb cos 37°-10) t = 2

...(i) at t = 0. As time increases, slope increases in negative

direction; hence, velocity increases in negative direction. At

Distance travelled by bullet along y-axis is

(ii) point 1, slope changes suddenly from negative to positive

(vb sin 37° ) t = 3 value : hence, velocity changes suddenly from negative to

Solving equations (i) and (ii), we get t = 0.20s

positive and then velocity starts decreasing and become zero

154. At any time velocity of first car is v and that of second car is at 2, option (a) represents all these clearly.

= v + at = 0+ at Displacement

2 163. lAverage velocityl =

u rel = 2 + (at) — 2uat cos a Time

d 2 v COS a, 2r 1

=—=-2x-=- 2ms

urei iS minimum if— (y r )= 0; t = a

dt

155. Velocity of jet aeroplane = 5001

Velocity of fuel w.r.t. plane = - 15001

=v-1500j

vf - vp = -1500j; vf

Displacement

= 5001-1500j= - 10001

Speed of fuel w.r.t. ground is -1000km/hr.

1

So, n x5.- x 10 x(1)2 or n=1

2 Vf

156. Suppose v be the velocity attained by body after time t i . Fig. 4.122

•••(i)

Then v = u - gt 164. For downward journey : v 2 = u 2 + 2gh

Let the body reach the same point at time t 2 . Now velocity Therefore, the velocity will increase in downward

will be downwards with same magnitude v, then (negative) direction. The shape of graph will be parabolic.

...(ii)

-v u - gt2 :v2 u2 _ 2gh

For upward journey

Eqn. (i) - (ii)

Therefore, the velocity of the ball will decrease and will

2u=g(t 2 -t1 )

become zero at the highest point. Again, the grap'A will b(

2z) 2 , - ti

or t2 -t i =—=-ku-gti)= 2 11- parabolic.

g g g

Option (a) is correct.

157. Distance travelled in t th second is, ; S, 1 = -i (2n+1)

1 165. S =

st = u + at - - a

2 S -1

Given : u = 0 S, 1 2n +1

— 115 d'S accelerati

on remain

Positive (although it decreases). [In (ax + b)ro = at

.*. Max. velocity = Area under v - t graph (ax+ b)

In = at

= —1 x Ilx 10 = 55 ra's

2 b

x = — (e at —1)

167. Till I Is, acceleration is positive, so velocity will go on a

increasing up to lls and maximum velocity will happend at 10. 1

l+s=ux75+- ax(75)2

11 s. The area under the acceleration-time , 2,

graph gives

change in velocity. Since particle starts with u =

velocity is 0, change in 2+s= ux125+-1 ax(125)2

2

v

f — v i = vmax — 0= Area under a-t 11.

graph (vb vc )Ti v br

or vMaX =-1 x10x11= 55ms Bus moving in same direction.

2

168. The given graph can be represented by the equation, Ivb vc )7.2 v br

Bus moving in opposite direction.

v-+E-g-jx+v o Position 1st increases but velocity decreases and later

xo

position decreases but velocity increases.

a =v (dv) x t —sin t

for t> 0

sin t < t

a= I(— v° +v 0—

iv

° v (1—cos t)

Since, —1.5_ cos t < I

a =1v 2

0 ix _ vo

i2 1 Hence, 0< v < 2

x20 x0 5 5

Average velocity

f0 V dt f (4t — t 2 )dt

=0

negative intercept.

5

1VIUH THAN ONE dt f dt

TO.404. 0 0

Distance> Displacement

and it cannot be negative. 12t 2 — t—3] 125

_ --

0 3 25 5

When the body comes to its original point displacement of 5 _

the body is always zero. 5 3x53

For average speed, let us put v 0, which gives

The magnitude of velocity is speed and if velocity is I = 4s t = 0 and

constant then it is equal to average speed.

2vi v2

= ---- and velocity is, zero.

v l v2

average speed =

Average velocity Average speed 5

f di

In circular motion the speed may be constant but velocity is

variable. 0

-4 -4

Vrel = V1 — V2

VI= v22 + 2 vi v2 cos Or — 0)

dx "

= ax+ b

di

x dx 5

fo (ax.f.

b)=0f dt

If position-time graph is parabolic then acceleration is

constant. If this parabola is opening upward, then this shows

+ve acceleration.

13 -1

— ms If linear momentum varies with respect to time, then motion

5 5

is non-uniform.

For acceleration : App. weight = (Mg - Ma)

2

a= (4t - t )= 4 - 2f If elevator moves downward with acceleration a.

dt dt

and App. weight = Mg + ma.

Att=0,a=4ms-2 If elevator moves upward with acceleration a.

xo

du (or) da = - a dx ESTIO

15. v • — = -av

dx 2

t 3 3t

V0 1.

V 0 = (XX o =xo 3 2

a ds 2

t V=—=t -3t+2

du , v dv dt

(or ) j — = - a j d t

dt v 0 Since the particle comes to rest, therefore,

vo

t 2 -3t+2= 0

u = vo e'l (or) v = 0 for t = ..•

(t -1)(t - 2) = 0

V0 1

v = — when t = -

t = 1 s and 2 s

e a Hence, the particle comes to rest twice.

16. Maximum value of position coordinate n =2

...

= initial coordinate + area under graph upto t •-* -4 •--> -4 -4 ..

(As upto t = 24s, FA + FB + Fc + F D + F E = 3)0 i

=24 s 3.

the displacement of 100 i ...(ii)

F B +Fc +F D +FE - • -

the particle will be positive)

74 -4 (iii)

FA +Fc +F D +F E = 2400 j

t(s) -) -4

Eqn. (iii) - Eqn. (ii) gives: F A -FB = 2400 I +100i

Fig. 4.123

FB = 300 i - 2400 1

Maximum value of position coordinate

lx 6 When only persons A and B pull the cart,

= -16+2x104---)x 2+ 6 (18-10)+ — x (24-18)1 -4

2 2 FA + F B = 700 i - 2400j

-4 -4

FA + FE =ioo3 2500

-4

1. u 2 = 2gh 1FA +F R I

Acceleration, a =-

It means velocity vs displacement graph is parabolic.

Distance always increases hence distance vs time graph is =

2500

- 25 m/s2

100

n=1

5. Initial velocity of coin = 2m/s

Acceleration = - 10 m/s 2

1 2

Now, h=ut+-at

2

Fig. 4.124

1

15m/s

3m/s

. - ---------

-1

and

1 2

Fig. 4.125

Av. velocity = Total distance

Total time

isi + s2

Passage-I

T

If—

dx slope ofx - t 2.

di curve is zero. Then particle will be at rest. x = 1 2 + 31 + 4

x1 = 4

If 4'! > 0 velocity is +ve

di x 2 = 44

x (X2 —X1

If —

d < 0 velocity is -ye

V av

di AT

Passage:2

3. Focv2

-H = ut - -gt 2 F 2

2

m— du

Position 1st increases then decreases. Velocity 1st decreases di

or niv = -lw 2

then increases. Acceleration remains constant. ds

du

Passage-3 — -cu 2

(1) Lest total time is T ds

T T/2 —

dv —cfs ds

s ux- vv 0

2 Si S2

Fig. 4.126

nal

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