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DANIEL ZAMARBIDE cS Pest Pee eR eo ny PN SAS =A a opp ny =A Sh nena — > Fi CTT Lbiot ligt het Allthe AK Interactive staff and my- self are proud to introduce this new F.A.Q. book, the definitive guide for all aircraft scale modelers. Here you will find all the references needed to paint almost any aircraft of all eras; building, techniques, materials, etc Dani Zamarbide, well-known modeller throughout the whole world for his amaz- ing scale models drives us through the process of mastering aircraft modelling. This book {is meant forall of us who enjoy and love this great hobby. Fernando Vallejo AK interactive President Original idea and Concept Fernando Valejo AK interactive Chief Editor Daniel Zamarbide ‘Art Direction AK interactive Graphic Design MS Designs A interactive Legal Deposit 1219-2015 Produced and dristributed by eo weww.ak-interactive.com Follow usin (4) THANKS TO ‘This FAQ book would not have been possible withthe collaboration of several ‘friends whom | thank their time, support and work for the realization ofthis project and are Aitor Azkue Juan Villegas Castro ‘Andrés Montiel *"Chema* Martinez Fernandez Antonio Morant ‘Andrés Martinez Romero Tomek Wajnkaim [And above all, | want to thank all their support, trust, tips and ideas for {development ofthis book to: Maciej Goralczyk Fernando Vallejo To llof them THANKS. 40 2015 AK Interactive Al ight reserved. No part ofthis publication may be repraduced or transmit- ted in any form or by ary means, electronic or mechanical, actual or future, including photocopy, recording or any information storage or retrieval system, ‘without permission in writing from the publishers | would like to start by thanking you for buying this book, whose aim is to provide you with a guide, as well as helping you out dur- ing a possible creative “crisis”. It also attempts to motivate us to continue working on our model, as well as to doit in a reasonable ‘amount of time. t will especially help us to face the challenge of Improving the techniques that each of us used on our models All the techniques that I present to you throughout this book are characterized by their simplicity. During my 25 years in the model- ling world, thave tried to use and create techniques and solutions that can be used and improved upon, regardless of the type of aircraft model Throughout these last years, many of us have bought books and specialized magazines in this area, but in my case, these did not really help me, as they had too many ‘in text’ explanations, and not enough graphic illustration. This was what | actually needed This book has been designed so that you may easily find that same information that | was looking for in those books. By that, ! mean help and support for those techniques and essential skills that we ‘must deal with when working on an aircraft model, regardless of its type or scale. Ihave tried to be as visual and as straightforward 2 I can, allowing the photographs to explain 75% of the process, and the text only 25%. All the techniques explained and developed throughout this book should serve as a basis to be improved upon by you, and not as a rigid “how-to. Learn how to unfold the secrets ofthis amazing hob by, and pass that knowledge onto the next generation of modeller. Through the examples shown in this manual, we develop tech- niques that can be used on any type of model. My aim wasn’t to write a book like all the other books available on the market. | be- lieve that this way of explaining how to work on a model, is actually far better, or atleast, it is what | like to find if | was looking for a ‘uide book myself The most complicated techniques in some of those aforemen- tioned books often dazzle the modeller with their spectacular results, driving him/her to use them. However, when they at- ‘tempt them, there isa realization that some vital steps are miss- ing, oF that a more detailed explanation is required. This finds the modeller half way into a technique, and unable to obtain that amazing finish, This is exactly what | have in this book. ed to avoid The modeller, in my humble opinion, must be someone who Is enterprising, curious and restless, someone who enjoys re- searching new products, tools as well as techniques that will offer more realism to his/her completed models. A good model- ler must like to try new things and using those experiences for further projects also. A modeller has to be willing to introduce new techniques from other modelling areas, such as military, naval, civil works and even figures. Many of those techniques are perfectly valid for the aircraft modelling world, s0, itis good to try and incorporate them into what you will learn with the techniques you will learn in this guide. ‘Moreover, this book has been created with my greatest effort. I represents the most important work of my modelling life. 1 hope it can fulfil its objectives and match your expectations. Daniel Zemarbide Suérez Presentation TINTRODUCTION.. 2 ASEMBLY,| PREPARATION AND MATERIALS....11 eaten He Hiei sara incertae Se ‘0 Wires. = 11 Working with vacuum-formed canopies, 312 Position lights. zr x 4 '4 Control cabies and struts. oo 2 zi 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2.15 Seratch materials and tools. PAINTING GUIDE. 3b Paine: 33 Varnishes.” 3 Yninners aid ly prod, 3 3 3 ‘at Panel preside 33.2 Line preshade 3:3 Paneling with tape 443 Camoutlage with airbrush ranelighting Decals. 36 Demarcating 3.7 Washes. 2 Fiters 39 Fas Sn £54 Chipping and scratches. 22 Smoke stains : = 233 birt and streaks c ‘02 5:1 Seats ST World War Two SIUM Bish Seat 108 5.112 lapanese Sat "0 3.113 German Setat m 5:12 TheJet Age SZ TUS. ection sat (ray) n2 51.22 US. wection seat ath) na 5:2 instrument Ponels Sib World War Two Fy scratch but instrument panel Ns 5.21.2 German isrument pane 5213 Srtsn instrument panel na 331405, nevument pane 13 3215 lapanese nsrumert pan 120 5.2.2 the setage 52 het arcat instrument panel 121 5222 et areal nsvument panel improved wih proto-eched and scratch buit etal. 122 5..conkpt 3S Woria war Two S511 US. cockpr pa 3.31.2 eiish cock ie 3313 fapanese cockpit 138 $314 German cock 130 53.2 Thee Age SA DTUS. Cockpit i 53.2. Soviet Cocept 135, sails 5/41 World War Two pilots Stet 1 rth plot 136, 3441.3 German plot 138 5.413 lapanese plot 140 321405 plot iw 5.42 let aircraft plat improvement concn 144 3.43 Modified arcraft crew uaa 33 : 450 GEXTERIOR DETAILS .. 621 Propellers and spinners '64.1 World War One. 61.1.1 German propel’ 6.11.2 Brith propel. 6.1.2 World War Two . 6.121 German propelier 6.1.22 Britsh propeller 6123U5 propaler 6.12.4 Japanese propeler 164 6.2 Wheels and landing gear 6.2.1 Wheels with metallic rims. 166 66.2.2 Wheels with Black rims. 167 6.2.3 Wheels with white rims 168 6.24 Landing gear with fitted wheels. 170 6.25 Metallic nding gear 172 6.3 Landing Gear Doors 21 White landing gear doors. 174 5.32 Green landing gear doors : 175 6:2.3 Blue and metallic doors and wheel bays 176 6.4 Weapons and fuel tanks ‘G1 Bombs 178 6.4.11 Cold War era US, bombs 178 8.412 WW2 US. bombs 180 6.4.2 Missiles, eect 184 6.4.3 Fuel tanks 188 6.4.4 Guns 180 8.455 Pylons. 192 6.451 White pylons 192 6.451 Grey pylons 193 6.5 Exhauste and nozzles 6.5-1 lnline engine exhausts een nineneninnenenan 194 6'5.2 Radial engine exhausts 195 6.5.3 Nozzle with adjustable petals assem. 196 6'5.4 Nozzle without petals ca 1D 6.6 Walkways. ee 6.61 Waleway- Example 1 198 6.6.2 Walkway. Example 2 snnsccrs 200 6.7 Making and using paint masks 6.71 Transparancies 202 67.2 Letters and number 203 6.73 Roundels and lines. 204 6.7.4 German crosses. 206 6.8 Engines 6.8.1 World War One se 208 6.8.11 inne engine. 208 6.81.2 Aad engine 22 6.8.2 World War Two japanese radial engine 24 Japanese radial engine and hood. 28 6823U5.radhal engine 222 ‘TCAMOUFLAGE, PAINTING AND WEATHERING .225 74 World War One 71.1 Fabrie-covered surfaces = 26 71.2 Painting woodgrain effect using oils 238 7.13 Painting woodgrain effect using acry 229 7.14 Using woodgrain decals... BO 7.15 Painting woodgrain effect using masks... 231 746 Lozenge comoufiage...-- 22 7.2.World War Two “12.1 British Schemes 234 7.2111 Temperate Land scheme 234 721.2 Day Fighter scheme 238 7.2.2. Schemes 2a 72.2: Olve araiticuial gray 2a 7222 US. Navy scheme. 246 7.2.3 Japanese Schemes... . 250 723) Green scheme 380 723.2 Natural metal finish 254 7.2.8.German Schemes reas SL “12.41 Desert scheme. 337 7.24.2 Winter scheme 380 724'3 Motte and waves 284 7.3.The Jet Age... T3NU'S. jet aivcrate 287 73M SEA scheme: 267 731.2U5, Navy scheme 270 2.3.2 Natural metal finishes 274 '33 Soviet jet aircraft». ele eee + ec bie ADVANTAGES | DISADVANTAGES a be 52 / AIRCRAFT FAQ 3.2 PAINTS “hey ar eset when it comes to dining fina resut ad aspect of Rs the mad tis important to know how tose them corti a we ae as the charactersties. Choosing one kindof pant does no dcard the 2p ‘re ofthe others. Actual he combration of sever ones fe - a wide range of fnshes. As in any project, the choice will ultimately depend on the tastes and — needs of the modeler 4 SR I eel RT TE 75% paint + 25% Thinne Pe Tae Pca Pcs s 53 3.2.1 ACRYLICS 3.2.2 LACQUER BASE 3.2.4 OILS 3.2.5 METALLIC COLOURS 3.2.7 TRANSPARENT INKS 55 # Pr Pg ere 3.PAINTING GUIDE 5 estas —_— Parts fan aah ushich lhe us Understand non it werksardhowt clean rink thet baying 2 goed Tare re many ars brands. would be almost imposible to explana oem inthis book Usual, a douse acon stnush it 03mm nazale and a ressut of i alowsusto do ay kind _‘-2ATM is god altrush to start with Then, it ll depend on ou tastes ard ur experience to adapt the machine our syle of paitng al a ur meee. When Iuion ar pres, distance ers have iret epinion about abuses, | Even though aust and compressors elvays a good investment, star wl ecormend ore wit 2.3m nozae, becuse using an etrush we can mil fur vats pa to the object and pant volume trough the tiger. Ay flaw nthe fish cen be improved jst changing those variables, Compressors area diferent wld, Howeve, tis comwerent frou hoy tobe able Cf changing he presi andor ha, weneeda compressa with arequtr: Thee aka ae menbranecompressors tha wil ue us a constant fw, but they wil nt alow usa charge te pressure et knob on asnge-acton ash the pest knob pul tre needle in rout ‘ofthe nezle to vary the pain flow, whereas on a dilaton arash the tigger Pain up = gv atts with topowted pt api ealte sca Cottle eee ans pesethande acto he me pressure 0 operate, which improves Or Noxdle~0.3 rm nozls we the mst porn cur hoby ad ha aows 2 aibust cant a ol banc teen ir defo anol orgs When ured op © ing - issu wat snot wth the potter ey tin stokes, yuan ere ened pnd ‘py ch et ech nota damage ned ough ony sot coxa pressure connects the ar hose to deliver a em compressor 60 / AIRCRAFT FAQ 3.6 BRUSHES Brushes are ones ofthe most important tools used in modeling. There ae many sitferent kinds and every Single one has a spectic application. There is common misconception thatthe same brush can be used for many uses, but thats wrong, ft would be asif we used ago ball for footal. Brushes, part fom the number that indicates ther ameter he number nat the same forall the rand) can aso be differentiated by their end ‘Bear in mind thats better to paint some pieces and small detais with a brush and also that some effects ‘can only be done using a brush, Round bush: god for painting smal detalsor making chips. @ ick 1d bush: good for applying washes an panting bigge eas, 2 itcan accumulate more pai @ ards: good for extending fects ad blaring washes or and rime steaks. We anus them for pang big ates. @ ick wah good or seg pigments (© 01 brush with short and hard bristles goo fr making chips a 1 sng the que technique & 1% AIRCRAFT FAQ / 63 il. . > e \ . BL \ . i i . a ve a * ‘ © eee rea > - - . - e . . . - Pe - & pre ue nei Mi ensinatstee 8 Shear echege Ue aos . ‘There are other techniques that we have not included because they are ee tat nerfs tea oan ean es ‘The modeler can either adapt or evolve these techniques to what ps °, di sbenton Te nin ootooaroa tmae e modeling besdesplanes. TECHNIQUES ek ee eevee d Meee AIRCRAFT FAQ / 67 4.2.1 PANEL PRE-SHADING ‘Among the many techniques available for pe-shading, |felt hadto perhaps take things to the next level, and that was to actully shade the panels in different colours themselves, breaking up a monotane surface, and inject ing ife and interest into such a scheme. Ths was brought together using 2 diuted base colou forthe final coat. For his technique, |willshow you how ta tackle a 1/43 Do 335 Pel fom Tamiya, apply the base colour over the whole craft, Inthis case lus a sand colo. With the base olor, mix ite ack, and apply the Again with he base oou, mia some ylow, and apply the resulting colour avet some random panes, bu the sume ones on resulig claw over athe andom pare. ch eof the mod {have ao defined the pal ines with oto emphasize tis ee 68 / AIRCRAFT FAQ Again wth the sand base, ery ued, Wh sigh rer sand apply several thin oats fo lessen the panel shading, | shade the pel nes. and merge itwth theres of the plane Fal | apply some shadows, using lack paint othe contol surfaces. Everything snow sealed with matte varnish 4.2.2 PRE-SHADING BY LINES darker tone than th and rivets of the 9 base paint, we wal achieving darker sh applied the marks. ti important that the base paint is dluted and that it does nat cover in just one pass so we can have control on the intensity ofthe shadows, example, shaded ater, asthe pant does thiskind of shadow an be seen 1 applied by freehand, ove al rom Tamiya, nd rivet lines For this task, | have The simplest preshade is chasen a 1/32 F-Phant And ves is bo repeat the same proces onthe upper sides, bu this nb ora ok ety a der state 70 / AIRCRAFT FAQ 4.2.3 PANELING WITH TAPE 4.3.1. AIRBRUSH BY FREE HAND 4.3.2 AERIAL AIRBRUSHING =) 4.3.4 MOTTLE 4.3.5 MEANDERING CAMOUFLAGE ean the surfaces that ate going apo laer ofthe base calor, Geman RM? tobe seen better pai the second layer offine ines ins Lighter Gey colour, “4, TECHNIQUES 4.4 PANEL LIGHTING Ligitts: SHADOWS Aw apg cama pantcame he cel gigs ome _wih ol ost tee of ght and sao tht ving ewe The technique esandaherwar The rest ater i stat ising the 0 ete clon te surface ree blue, brown bck. We empha that use again. In this bain volume and dep uch” oft and worn effects, simply damping the brush inthe thinner foros, andasif we were making hips, we can eae effects that once they ae and det lok, cifrence Fished age ig proces a. TECHNIQUES “ASDECALS ........... = ios ee Decals ae on of he most delicate processes when making & model, especialy ts fixing and setting itn a permanent way. Fist, witha flat sh, we dampen thewad placer. inmany ks come with anregiar shape o pry ried andsometmes withthe ist igi and oe ths we wl pace the dca Once he dea sapley“~ ~ theyareoo wide Fortunately inthe mater are moe opors!avateyof ands with thesane iat rh we wile several passes othe decals as” “~ Se __ceated excise nse these deca bubbies and to elit to sete on othe surface. With the decal lard and ance th” “> hen fis xopocte ifthe surace i very uneven, ve wil ao wth a ft busi” > = 5 Go pacing the deals, heist thing that we have to do sto havea plain and glossy SyraaPas rcpor Ie sas se strech mopme! © apply the second qui that wl soten he deca ait mae enabag itt sete dows” = surface and fr that wll use a aye of los varsh onthe sree fhe model OEM Maren aa ast Sn eae ae beer pacing ther. Ths vanish illseve us, tthe sare ine trtegate the classy a ‘uppato te dec Oc the vars yew ned ose needed or Afr a hse tps, we sel the dea wth a ne apr of lost orate amish ‘anadequate fic ofthe decal (Mico Set and Mico Sol, Gunes Sete and Softer or ary protec them om upcoming processes es ‘ter ban). Tose qu help to snugglethe decal othe surface making softer for APPLYING DECALS TO COMPLICATED SURFACES A- Apertures B - Panel lines and rivet detail , iN ede n nthe panei eed cael ap ~ large bulges 78