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Success Magnet (Solutions) Part - II Analytical Geometry (2,3-Dimensions) & Vectors 69

Section B : Multiple Choice Questions


1. Answer (3)
Let (x1, y1), (x2, y2) and (x3, y3) be the vertices A, B and C respectively, then

x1  x2 x  x3 x  x1
 1, 2  2, 3 2
2 2 2

x1  x2  x3
From here we can find i.e. centroid. Now apply the fact centroid divide the line segment joining
3
orthocentre with circumcentre in ratio 2 : 1.
2. Answer (1, 2, 3, 4)
     
a  b  c  1 and a, b, c are non-coplanar vectors.

 
  

a b c 
bc
2

 
     
 b
2

a  c  b  a  b c   c
2

⎛  1 ⎞ ⎛  1 ⎞
⎜a c  ⎟b  ⎜a  b  ⎟ c … (i)
⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2⎠
    
b and c are collinear but a , b , c are non-coplanar.
Eq. (i) is satisfied iff

  1   1
a c  and ab  
2 2

1 1
cos = cos = 
2 2

 3
=  =
4 4

     3
 Angle between a and c is and angle between a and b is
4 4

  
  1 1
2
(a.c )2  a  b   1
2 2

2 
  
Given x (a.b )  x  a  c   ( k  1)  0

Has root 1
  
 (a.b )   a  c   ( k  1)  0

 k = 1

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70 Analytical Geometry (2,3-Dimensions) & Vectors Success Magnet (Solutions) Part - II

2a. Answer (1, 2, 3) JEE (Advanced)-2014


            
Given that x ⋅ y = y ⋅ z = z.x = 1 and a = λ( x × ( y × z )), b = μ( y × ( z × x ))
   
= λ( y − z ) = µ( z − x )
   
 a ⋅ y = λ(2 − 1) = λ,b ⋅ z = μ
      
(a ⋅ y )( y − z ) = λ( y − z ) = a (Option 2 is correct)
      
(b ⋅ z )( z − x ) = μ( z − x ) = b (Option 1 is correct)
   
(a ⋅ y )(b ⋅ z ) = λμ
     
and a ⋅ b = λμ( y − z ) ⋅ ( z − x )
= μ(1 – 1 – 2 + 1)
= –μ
   
= −(a ⋅ y )(b ⋅ z ) (Option 3 is correct)
      
(a ⋅ y )( z − y ) = λ( z − y ) ≠ a
 (1, 2, 3) are correct.

3. Answer (4)

| c |2  3  1   2   2 ⇒  2   2  2

a  b  c  0  + 4 = –1,  + 3 = ,  + 4 = –.


  = 1 and  = ± 1.
4. Answer (1, 3, 4)
Clearly, (1), (3) and (4) are correct.
5. Answer (1, 4)
1 0 0
1 2 3 =0
k – 1 k k2
3
 2k2 – 3k = 0  k = 0, k =
2

5a. Answer (1, 4) JEE (Advanced)-2013


x 5 y z
L1 :  
0 3   2
x  y z
L2 :  
0 1 2  
5 0 0
As the two lines are coplanar so 0 3   2 = 0
0 1 2  
 5    ⎡⎣   2     3   2⎤⎦  0
 5    ⎡⎣2  5  6  2⎤⎦  0
 5    ⎡⎣2  5  4 ⎤⎦  0
  5, 4, 1

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Success Magnet (Solutions) Part - II Analytical Geometry (2,3-Dimensions) & Vectors 71
6. Answer (1, 2, 3)
Because planes are perpendicular hence image will be the same plane.

6a. Answer (4) JEE (Advanced)-2013

x  2 y 1 z
   , xy z 3 A
2 1 3 (–2, –1, 0)
Any point on this line is (2 – 2, – – 1, 3)
This point will satisfy the plane B

(2 – 2) + (– – 1) + (3) = 3 C (, , )

 4 – 3 = 3

3
 
2

⎛ 5 9 ⎞
So, point of intersection of plane is ⎜ 1, , ⎟ C .
⎝ 2 2⎠
Now, point on line is (–2, –1, 0) and direction ratio of AB (from figure) is

  2  1 
  k.
1 1 1
Any general point on line AB is (k – 2, k – 1, k).
This will satisfy equation so, (k – 2) + (k – 1) + k = 3.
 k = 2
Therefore, (, , )  (0, 1, 2).
So, equation of line passing through BC is

x y 1 z  2
 
1 7 5
2 2

x y 1 z  2
  
2 7 5

6b. Answer (3) [JEE(Advanced)-2016]


x  3 y  1 z  7 2(3  1  7  3)
   =–4
1 1 1 3
 x  1, y  5, z  3

 P ( 1, 5, 3)
 Equation of plane is

x y z
1 2 1 0
1 5 3

 x  4 y  7z  0

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72 Analytical Geometry (2,3-Dimensions) & Vectors Success Magnet (Solutions) Part - II

7. Answer (1, 2, 3, 4)
For different values of a, b all four options are correct.
8. Answer (1, 2, 3, 4)

x –1 y –1 z –1
If line   never lies in the plane ax + by + cz + d = 0,
1 2 3
then (1, 1, 1) may lies in the plane or line may be parallel to the plane.
 a+b+c+d=0
and a + 2b + 3c = 0
Hence option 1, 2, 3, 4 are correct.
9. Answer (1, 2, 3)
1 1
1
a.a a.b a.c 2 2
1 1
(Volume) = a.b b.b b.c
2 = 1
2 2
a.c b.c c.c 1 1
1
2 2
⎛ 1⎞ 1 ⎛ 1 1⎞ 1 ⎛ 1 1⎞
= 1 ⎜1 – ⎟ – ⎜ – ⎟  ⎜ – ⎟
⎝ 4⎠ 2 ⎝2 4⎠ 2 ⎝4 2⎠
3 1 ⎛ 1⎞ 1 ⎛ 1⎞ 3 1 1 3 1 1
= – ⎜ ⎟  ⎜– ⎟ = – – = – =
4 2 ⎝4⎠ 2 ⎝ 4⎠ 4 8 8 4 4 2
1
Volume =
2

9a. Answer - A(q, s), B(p, r, s, t), C(t), D(r) (IIT-JEE 2009)
We have
(A) 2sin2 + sin22 = 2
 2sin2 + 4sin2cos2 = 2
sin2 + 2sin2cos2 = 1
sin2 + 2sin2(1 – sin2) = 1
3sin2 – 2sin4 = 1
2sin4 – 3sin2 + 1 = 0
2sin4 – 2sin2 – sin2 + 1 = 0
2sin2(sin2 – 1) – 1(sin2 – 1) = 0
(sin2 – 1)(2sin2 – 1) = 0
1
 sin   1, sin   
2
   
 , , ,
2 2 4 4

⎡ 6x ⎤ ⎡ 3x ⎤
(B) f ( x )  ⎢ ⎥ cos ⎢ ⎥
⎣  ⎦ ⎣  ⎦
Point of discontinuity are the points where
6x 3x
and are integer
 

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Success Magnet (Solutions) Part - II Analytical Geometry (2,3-Dimensions) & Vectors 73

6x I     4 5
 I1 ⇒ x  1  , , , , , 
 6 6 3 2 6 6
3x I   2
 I2 ⇒ x  2  , ,
 3 3 3

1 1 0
(C) V  1 2 0  
1 1 

  
(D) a  b  c 3

 1  1  2cos   3

1
 cos  
2



3

9b. Answer (3) JEE (Advanced)-2013


   
PR  a  b  3iˆ  ˆj  2kˆ  d1 
    S(b) R
SQ  a  b  iˆ  3 jˆ  4kˆ  d2

 a  2iˆ  ˆj  3kˆ

 b  iˆ  2 ˆj  kˆ 
P Q(a)
2 1 3
 Volume of the required parallelopiped = 1 2 1
1 2 3
= |2(6 – 2) + 1(3 – 1) – 3(2 – 2)|
= 10 cubic units
OR
1  
Area of parallelogram = | d1  d 2 |
2

3 1 2
1
 Volume of parallelepiped = 1 3 4 = 10 cubic units.
2
1 2 3

10. Answer (1, 2, 3)


       
a  ( b  c ) = (a . c ) b – (a.b ) c
11. Answer (1, 2) c

c is the angle bisector b a
 
 b–a
c =  
|b – a|
12. Answer (1, 3)
Four vector in space are always dependent.
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74 Analytical Geometry (2,3-Dimensions) & Vectors Success Magnet (Solutions) Part - II

13. Answer (1, 2, 3)

a
Unit vector along a 
|a |

Unit vector along b  b


|b |
Vector along the angle bisectors of a and b are

⎛ a b ⎞
⎜  ⎟
0
⎜| a | | b | ⎟⎠

14. Answer (1, 2, 3)

| a |  1, | b |  2

If a · b  0 , then | a  b |  | a – b |  5

| a | (Projection of b on a ) = | b | (Projection of a on b ) if a · b  0 .

15. Answer (3, 4)

a  iˆ  ˆj  kˆ, b  4iˆ  3 ˆj  4kˆ, c  iˆ  ˆj   kˆ

| c |  3 ⇒  2  2  2

1 1 1
and 4 3 4 0
1  

  = ±1,  = 1
16. Answer (2, 3)
The angle bisector of the planes 2x – y + 2z + 3 = 0 and 3x – 2y + 6z + 8 = 0 will be

2 x  y  2z  3 (3 x  2 y  6 z )

3 7

17. Answer (1, 2)


The given lines will intersect if

1 1 1
1 1  k  0  k = 0 or –3.
k 2 1

  

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