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LESSON PLAN
SUBJECT: Mathematics

DATE: September

WEEKS: 1–2

## GENERAL OBJECTIVES: At the end of the unit, the students should

1. analyze and solve problems which arise in familiar mathematical and non-
mathematical situations.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
1. identify regions in a Venn Diagram.
2. solve problems based on the intersection of three sets.

CONTENT

Intersection
The intersection of sets A and B is the set which contains all the elements that belong to
both A and B. Symbolically “A intersection B” is written A  B .

Union
The union of sets X and Y is the set which contains all the elements that belong to X and
Y. “X union Y” is written as X  Y .

Complement
The complement of set A is the set of elements in the universal set which are not in set A.
The complement of set A is written as A1.

PROCEDURE

1. Review previous knowledge concepts – universal sets, subsets and the number
of elements in a set.

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## 4. Leads students to identify the different regions in the Venn Diagram.

Fig 1
Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4
B A
1
A B A B
1
( A  B)1 or ( A  B)1

Fig 2
Region 1
A  ( B  C )1 or A  B1  A  C 1 or A only

## 6. Discuss steps taken in solving the question

i. Draw a Venn diagram
ii. Fill in the given information in the appropriate regions.
iii. Use x for the unknown region.
iv. Form an equation involving x to find for the unknown region.

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ACTIVITIES

## 1. Given X = {2,4,6,8,10}, Y={2,3,5,7} and Z={1,2,5,6,10} and X  Y  Z  U .

Find the following:

(i) X Y
(ii) X Y
(iii) X Z
(iv) X Z
(v) Y Z
(vi) Y Z
(vii) n( X  Y  Z )
(viii) X Y  Z
(ix) X Y  Z
(x) Y1
(xi) Z1
(xii) X1

2. In a class of 40 students 24 can play cricket, 20 can swim and 4 can do neither.
Let x represent the number of students who can play cricket and who can swim.

## (i) Draw a Venn diagram to illustrate the above data.

(ii) Write algebraic expression for students who can play cricket only,
swim only.
(iii) Write an algebraic equation involving x for the above data.
(iv) Hence solve the equation to find how many students can play cricket
and swim.
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EVALUATION

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LESSON PLAN
SUBJECT: Mathematics

DATE: September

WEEKS: 3-4

## GENERAL OBJECTIVES: At the end of the unit, the students should

2. analyze and solve problems which arise in familiar mathematical and non-familiar
mathematical situations.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
3. identify the shaded regions in a Venn diagrams.
4. draw Venn diagrams to illustrate given information.
5. use Venn diagrams to solve problems based on the intersection of sets.

CONTENT
Algebraic expression – an expression containing a variable and a constant.
A only means the region that contain members that in A but not in B.
It is the same as A  B1

Equation – an equation involving x is a simple equation. All all the regions and equate
with the universal set.

PROCEDURE

## 9. Review previous knowledge concepts – union, complement and intersection.

10. Observe question on the chalk/white board
In a class of 125 students, 53 do Agriculture, 68 do Mathematics and 25 do
neither subject.
Let x represent the number who do both subjects
(I). Draw a labelled Venn diagram to illustrate the above data.
(II). Form a suitable equation involving x and solve it to find the number of
students who did both subjects.
(III). How many students did Agriculture only
(I). Draw a suitable Venn diagram
(II). Form an equation
How many students do Agriculture only? 53 –x
How many students do Mathematics only? 68 – x
Add all regions and equate with universal set.
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U A B

53-x x 68-x
25

53-x + x + 68 – x + 25 = 125
12. Solve equation to find how many students did both subjects
144 – x = 125
x = 133 –125
x = 19
13. Use the value of x in the expressions
53- x and 68-x to find how many students do Agriculture only and
Mathematics only.
14. Solve problems on chalk/white board. Discuss students’ responses – common
errors, incorrect labelling etc.

ACTIVITIES
1. If R = {4,5,6,7}
Q = {6,7,8,9}
P = {1,2,3,4,5}
Then
(I). P  Q  R
(II). ( P  Q  R )1

## 2. In a group of 21 students 17 liked Mathematics, 13 liked English while

3 did not like either
Let x represent the number of students who liked both Maths and
English
(i) Draw a labelled Venn diagram from the above data.
(ii) Write algebraic expressions for those students who liked
Mathematics only; English only.
(iii)Write an equation involving x for the above information.
(iv) Hence find how many students liked both subjects.

3. U = {1,2,3,4 ……13,14,15}
A = {Factors of 12}
B= {Multiples of 3}
(I). List the elements of sets A and B
(II). Copy and complete the Venn diagram

A B

1 3

10 14
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## (III). List the members of the set ( A  B)1 .

EVALUATION

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