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&,fp&marmp&m

EdkifiHa&;[morsm;
jrefrmusL;ypfzdk&rfrS EdkifiHa&;[morsm;

'gav;rsm;

w½kwfEkdifiHom; /------/ igwdkU tm;upm;orm;/


ajcaxmufESpfzufr½Sdbl;/ a&ul;tm;upm;rSm odyfxl;cRefwm/

jrefrmEkdifiHom; /-- -- -/ 'grsm; qef;wmvkdufvkdU/ vufeJU


ul;vJ&&JUom;eJU/

½k½SEkdifiHom; /-------- / igwkdUqDu oDcsif;a&;q&m/ odyfawmfwm/


vufESpfzufvHk;r½Sdbl;/ ola&;wJhoDcsif;awGodyfaumif;/

jrefrmEkdifiHom; /--- -- / 'gvnf; bmrSrqef;bl;/


ajcaxmufeJUa&;rSmaygh/

tar&duefEkdifiHom;/----/ igwkdUqDu odyÜHynm½SifBuD;/ ajcaxmufa&m


vufa&m vIyfvkdUr&bl;/ 'gayr,fh odyfukdBuD;us,fwJh tawG;tac:awG
trsm;BuD;ajymcJhw,f/

jrefrmEkdifiHom; /------ / 'gvnf;rqef;bl;/ yg;pyfu


pum;ajymvkdU&aewmyJ/ ajymrSmaygh/

w½kwf? ½k½S? tar&duefEkdifiHom;rsm;/-----/ rif;uvnf; rqef;bl;csnf;

2
ajymae/ 'Dxufbmrsm; qef;p&m ½Sdao;vkdUvJ/

jrefrmEkdifiHom; /------ / igwkdUqDrSm acgif;r½Sdbl;/ EkdifiHukdtkyfcsKyfvmwm


ESpf 20 jynfhawmhr,f/

w½kwf? ½k½S? tar&duefEkdifiHom;rsm;/-----/ [kduf

( wifjyol-  botchan  )

vlqdkwm..

armfpudkNrdKUwpfae&m/ vlwpfOD;vrf;avQmufvmonf/ wdkufay:rS tkwfcJ


wpfcsyf jyKwfusNyD; xdkvrf;avQmufol acgif;ay:wnfhwnfh jyKwfus\/
vrf;avQmufol aooGm;\/

0dkif;0ef;Munfhaeolrsm;xJrS wpfa,mufuajym\/ 

“MunfhMuprf;... 'Dtpdk;&vufxufrSm bmaumif;wm&SdvJ../


wdkufay:utkwfcJ jyKwfusNyD;awmif vlao&owJU/ 'Dtpdk;&vufxuf
vrf;awmif vGwfvGwf vyfvyf ravQmuf&JwJUb0/” 

xdkpOf Munfhaeolrsm;xJrS wpfa,mufu 0ifajym\/

3
“olUudk usaemfodygw,fAs/ olu tpdk;&tzGJU0ifvlwpfa,mufAs” 

xdkol\ pum;oHtqHk;.. vlawGxHrS toHrsm; wnDwnf;xGufvm\/ 

“MunfhMuprf;/ 'Dtpdk;&vufxuf bmaumif;wm&SdvJ/ vrf;ay:udk tkwfcJ


awmif vGwfvGwfvyfvyf uscGifhr&Sdbl;/” 

( wifjyol- kowhiteman  )

aygvGef;vdkU

tmqD,Hacgif;aqmifrsm; pnf;a0;yGJtNyD;rSm tdrf&Sif puFmyl0efBuD;csKyfu


ZdrfcHoabmFBuD;wpif;ay:rSm npmpm;yGJusif;yay;\/ eJeJneufvmawmU
acgif;aqmifBuD;awG eJeJaxGvmBuonf? xdkpOfrSm rav;&Sm;0efBuD;csKyfu
tvGeft&om&Sdaom yef;oD;rsm;csaBuG;um b,fvdkvJ pm;vdkUaumif;vm;
[kar;avonf/ tm;vHk;u t&rf;t&om&Sdvdkufwm[k aNzqdkBuvQif
yef;oD;awmif;rsm;,lí a&xJypfcsvdkuf\? tm;vHk;u bmNzpfvdkUvJ ar;aom
tcg uRefawmfwdkUqDrSm 'grsKd;awGu aygvGef;vdkU[k cyfBuGm;BuGm;av;
aNzonf/


tdrf&Sif0efBuD;csKyfuvnf; tm;usrcH tvGeft&om&Sdaom acsmUuvufawG
csaBuG;&if; acsmUuvufyguifrsm;udk a&xJypfcsNyum usKyfwdkUqDrSm
'grsKd;t&rf;aygwm[k 0ifYBuGm;pGmqdkNyefavonf/

usefacgif;aqmifrsm;u wpfa,mufrsufESmwpfa,mufBunfYum BuGm;p&m&Sm


pOf;pm;Bu\/ 'gayrJU odBuwJYtwkdif; tmqD,H10edkifiHxJrSm olwdkU 2edkifiHudk
,SOfedkifolur&Sdoavmuf ...

tJ'DtcsdefrSm Nrefrmacgif;aqmifu 0kef;ueJx&yfNyD; olYvlawGbufudk


BunfYum a[Uwpfa,mufvmprf;[k cyfrmrmvSrf;ac:vdkufonf ...
xdktcg yHkcHk;ay:wGif tacGtcufrsm; wvufvufawmufaNymifaeaom
NrefrmppfAdkvfcsKyfwpfa,mufu cyfukufukufav; olUtem;rSmvm&yfav\/
acgif;aqmifBuD;u xdkppfAdkvfcsKyf\vnfukwfudkudkifum oabFm0&ef'g
teD;odkU qGJac:oGm;NyD; a&xJodkUaqmifUuefcsvdkufavonf ...
NyD; ae&modkUNyefvmNyD; aBumiftrf;trf;ESifY oltm;0dkif;BunfYaeol tm;vHk;udk
0ifYBuGm;BuGm;BunfYvdkuf&if; ....
]]usKyfwdkUqDrSm AdkvfcsKyfawG t&rf;aygw,fAsm}} [kaNymvdkufavawmUonf/

( wifjyol-  mokenlay  )

5
a&m*g

&efukefjrKdY&Sd emrnfMuD; txl;ukaq;cef;MuD;\ ydkif&Sifq&m0efMuD;onf


aps;uGufavhvma&; tpD&ifcHpmudk zwf&Iaeavonf/

(1) a,musfm;rsm;wGif tjzpfrsm;aoma&m*grsm;rSm tqkwf? tonf;ESifh


ywfouf onf/
oHk;oyfcsuf - aps;uGufwGif oufoufomom&EdkifjyD; ? uHprf;rJrsm;pGm
ygaom ? t&nftaoG;nHhaq;vdyfrsm;? t&ufrsm;udk aomufoHk;jcif;aMumifh
....
(2) rdef;rrsm;wGif tjzpfrsm;aom a&m*grsm;rSm ESvHk;ESifhywfoufonf/
oHk;oyfcsuf - aeYpOf aps;oGm;Muaom tdrf&Sifrrsm;twGuf twufMurf;
vSaomukefaps;EIef;aMumifh...
(3) ausmif;om;rsm;wGif tjzpfrsm;aoma&m*grsm;rSm rsufpdESifhywfoufonf/
oHk;oyfcsuf - tvGefw&mao;i,fatmif csHKYxm;aom pmrsm;udk
zwfMujcif;aMumifh ...

txl;wifjycsuf - rsufpdESifhem; ukoa&;XmebufwGif vlem tqrwef


rsm;jym;vmaerIaMumifh txl;ukq&m0efMuD;rsm; xyfrHwdk;csJYcefYxm;&ef
vdkaeygonf/ xl;jcm;aomxdka&m*g\ vu©PmrSm vlemrsm;\tqdkt&
]]rsufpdjzifh wyftyfjrifaom t&mrsm;udk owif;tjzpfjyefvnfem;axmif
&aomtcg vHk;0uGJjym;jcm;em;aejcif;aMumifh}} [lí jzpfygonf/

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

6
jynfol

jrefrmEdkifiHwGif jzpfonf/

OD;ae0if;tm; vufatmufi,fom;rsm;u jynfolawG rjidrfoufaMumif;


wifjyonf/
OD;ae0if;u jynfolawGudk ]]rdk;ay:axmifrypfbl;}} [k jcdrf;ajcmufav\/

OD;armifarmiftm; vufatmufi,fom;rsm;u jynfolawG rjidrfoufaMumif;


wifjyonf/
OD;armifarmifu ]] rapmifhEdkifMuawmhbl;vm; }} [k acsmhav\/

OD;apmarmiftm; vufatmufi,fom;rsm;u jynfolawG rjidrfoufaMumif;


wifjyonf/
OD;apmarmifu ]]usKyfwdkYa&G;aumufyGJjyD;&if ppfwef;vsm;jyefr,f}} [k uwday;
av\/

OD;oef;a&Ttm; vufatmufi,fom;rsm;u jynfolawG rjidrfoufaMumif;


wifjyonf/
OD;oef;a&T u ]] bm ... jynfolawG.. [kwfvm; .... b,fuvlawGvJ? jynfjrdKY
uvm;}} [k jyefar;av\ /

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

7
umuG,fol

aEG&moD ausmif;ydwf&ufwGifjzpfonf/
zcifonf ol hom;MuD;tm; av;*G ypfoifay;\/
tawmftwefypfEdkifvmaomf om;MuD;u ]] taz- om;ypfEkdifvmjyD? bmawG
udk ypf&rvJ}} [k ar;avonf/
zcifu - ]] om; rif;jcHxJudkqif;? acgif;&if;jcHu 0ufawG wdk hpdkufcif;xJudk
0ifxdk;&ifypf?ajc&if;jcHu MuufawG jcHxJ0ifvm&ifvJypf}} vdk hrSmvdkufygowJh/

om;MuD;onf rdrdjcHxJwGif tMudrfMudrfywfaomfvnf; ypfp&mum;rawG h/


wcsDaomf tdrfa&S hyef;jcHav;twGif;rSm vIyfvIyfjrifonfESifh ypfvdkuf&m
ypfrSwfudk wnfhwnfhrSefjyD; rdrdnDi,f\ idkoHudkvnf; wjydKifeuf Mum;&
avonf/

zcifum; jym,mcwfvsuf ]] om;MuD;&,f rif;rvJ &ufpufvdkufwm


udk,fhnDav;udk ypf&ovm; ... ay; - rif; av;*G ... aemuf rypf&awmhbl;}}
[k qlylae&if;rS ....
om;MuD;\ idkoHygMuD;ESifh ajymvdkufaom pum;oHudk Mum;&aomf
yufvufvefav\/

om;MuD;ajymvdkufonfrSm -
]] tazuvnf; om;u om;wdk hjcHudk umuG,faewmyg}} [l\/

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

8
toHk;tEIef;

vlwcsdK hpum;ajymaeMuonf/

yxrvl - ukefaps;EIef;awGu MuD;vmjyD/ rif;wkd hydkufqHudk odyfroHk;MueJ h/


wvwv&wJh ydkufqHudk vufxJrSm roHk;yJ z,fcsefxm;MuOD;/
'kwd,vl - [kwfw,f/ reufu aps;em;rSm vlawG &kH;&Hk;tkyftkyfeJ hpum;ajym
aeMuvdk hem;axmifMunfhwm ukefaps;EIef;taMumif; csnf;yJ /
yxrvl - aMomf 'geJ h reufjzef usaemfwdk hc&D;xGufzdk hawG h&yfudk b,frSm
vkyfrvJ/
'kwd,vl - awG h&yfudk tm;vHk; tqifajywJhae&m vkyf&r,fAs/ oli,fcsif;
awGtm;vHk;tkyftkyfpnf;pnf; jyefrqHkjzpfwmMumjyD/ tm;vHk; vdkufEdkifzdk h
pDpOfMu&atmif ....
yxrvl - [kwfyAsm; / "gwfqDeJ hum;vJ tqifoifhAsdK h.... tif; - "gwfqD
odkavSmif&wmuawmh enf;enf;cufom;/ qDaps;uvnf; jrifhoudk;/
'gayr,fh - pdwfrylygeJ husaemf qDtvHktavmuf odkrSD;xm;jyD;ygjyD/
wwd,vl - 'Dr,f 'Dr,f ... udk,hfvlwdk hpum;ajymaewm wrsdK;MuD;yJ /
toHk;tEIH;wcsdK h qef;aeovm; vdk h....

y+'k - (toHudkESdrfhvsuf) udk,hfvluvJ a0;&efaum .... usKyfwdk hu ]pk}


qkdwm rygatmifa&SmifajymaeMuwmyg .....

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

9
tif*sifwHk;MuD;

rqv acwfu qdk&S,fvpf pD;yGm;a&; udkoa&mfwJh [momav;yg/


qdk&S,fvpfacwfqdkawmh odwJhtwdkif; ypönf;awGudk o,fcsifwdkif;o,f?
a&mif;csifwdkif;a&mif;vdkU r&bl;av/ tm;vHk; tpdk;&u csKyfudkifxm;wm/
ae&mwum &SmazGa&;? ppfaq;a&;awGeJU/ ]]arSmifcdk ypönf;}} qdkwJh pum;vHk;
w,facwfpm;wmudk;As/ rSwfrdMur,fxifygw,f/

Mum;bl;wJh [moav;yg/ waeUvlwa,mufu?  Volkswagen  um;av;


armif;vmowJh/ tJ? vrf;rSm&SmazGa&;eJUwdk;a&m/ &SmazGa&;u um;taemufzHk;
udk zGifhMunfhNyD;? ar;vdkufowJh/

]]cifAsm;? 'Dtif*sifwHk;BuD;? b,fuo,fvmwmvJ...}} wJh/

( wifjyol- om*d )

tMudKufqHk;i&J

i&JodkY vlwpfa,muf a&mufvmonf/ i&Jrif;u xdkvltm;jypf'PfruscHcif


a&G;cs,fcGifhwpfckay;\/ xdkrSmtjcm;r[kwf i&JuscH&ef EdkifiHtm; a&G;cGifh
ay;jcif;jzpfonf/
odkYjzifhi&Jom;wpfa,mufudk xdkoltm; EdkifiHtvdkuf i&Jrsm;ESifh4if;wdkU\
jypf'PfpD&ifyHkrsm;udk vdkufjycdkif;avonf/

10
xdkvlvnf; tar&duef? jAdwdef? *syef tp&SdaomEdkifiHrsm;ESifh 4if;wdkY\
Murf;wef;í a0'emrsm;jzifh jynfhESufaeaom jypf'PfpD&ifyHkrsm;udkawGYjyD;
aMumufvefYí aeavonf/ xdkaemuf jrefrmhi&JodkY a&mufvmavonf/
tqdkyg vli,fonf jrefrmEdkifiH i&Jta&SYwGif vltrsm;tjym;wef;pDvsuf
jypf'PfuscH&ef apmifhvsufaeonfudk awGYaomtcg? 4if;tm;vdkufjyaom
i&Jom;tm; tb,faMumifh[líar;av\/
jrefrmhi&JwGif w&m;pD&ifyHkrSm 3 rsdK;jzpfavonf/
xdk 3rsdK;rSm – 
1/ vQyfppfxdkifcHjzifh ESdyfpufjcif;udk cH&jcif;/
2/ MumyGwfjzifh &dkufESufjcif;udk cH&jcif;/
3/ opfom;jym;ay:wGif oHrsm;pGm&dkufxm;í jypf'PfuscHoltm; oHcRef
rsm;bufwGif wuftdyfcdkif;jcif;jzpfonf/

i&Jom;vnf; tqdkygvltm;þuJhodkY&Sifh;jyav\/

1/ jrefrmh i&JwGifvQyfppfxdkifcHkjzifh ESdyfpufaomfvnf; tcsdefjynfheD;eD;


rD;rvmaomaMumifh jypf'Pfoufomjcif;/
2/ MumyGwfjzifh&dkuf&efwm0efusaom i&Jom;rsm;rSm rGef;wnfhtcsdefavmufrS
a&mufvmwwfjyD; rMumrD aehvnfpmxGufoGm;pm;wwfMuonf/ jyefvmjyD;
vQifvnf; twif;ajym? [dkoGm;vdkuf? 'Dvmvdkufjzifh waeYwmtcsdef ukefqHk;
ojzifh jypf'Pfay;&ef tcsdefrsm;rsm;yifr&SdvdkufwwfaMumif;?
3/ opfom;jym;ay:rS oHacsmif;rsm;vJ cdk;a&mif;pm;í ukefvkeD;yg;jzpfaeí
jypf'PfMucHvQif oufomaMumif;?

11
tqdkygtaMumif;rsm;aMumifh jrefrmhi&Jtm; a&G;cs,folrsm;í wef;pDolrsm;ae
aMumif;&Sif;jyygonf/

(wifjyol-  elf2006  )

tjypfr&Sd&if

wcgaomf axmufvSrf;a&; t&m&Sdonf tusOf;om;wOD;tm; ppfar;ae\/

t&m&Sd / / rif;udk igwdk htMurf;ywrf;enf;awG roHk;csifbl;uGm .... rif;


udk,fhtjypfudk udk,fhbmom 0efcHvdkufyg ...
tusOf;om;/ / uGsefawmfhrSm tjypfr&Sdygbl;cifAsm ... uGsefawmf rw&m;
tzrf;cH&wmyg/
t&m&Sd / / 'Dae&mawmif a&mufvmrSawmh tjypfr&SdyJ aervm;uG ...
tusOf;om;/ / wu,fygcifAsm .... uGsefawmf bmtjypfrS r&SdyJ
tzrf;cHcJh&wmyg/
xdktcg t&m&Sd\ajymvdkufaom pum;aMumifh tusOf;om;rSm acgif;ikdufpdkuf
usoGm;avonf/
t&m&SdajymvdkufonfrSm ]]a[haumif rif; aocsmpOf;pm;aemf ... rif;
tjypfr&Sdbl; qdkwmaocsm&if axmif ESpftuefhtowfr&Sd usoGm;Edkifw,f ...
pum;ajym qifjcifyg ....}} [l\ /

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

12
bmeJ hwkef;

aejynfawmf wGifjzpfonf/

EdkifiHawmf tMuD;tuJonf OD;ay:OD;\avSsmufxHk;rsm;udkzwfjyD; vGefpGm


oabmusvsuf OD;ay:OD;uJhodkY trwfrif;rsm; olYtem;wGif&SdvSsif aumif;rnf
[k rdef hMum;av\/

xdk haMumifh teD;em;&Sd t&m&Sdrsm;uvnf; OD;ay:OD;pmtkyfudk tvkt,uf


zwfMu&if; rif;vdkvdkuf rif;MudKufaqmifzdk h awG;awmaeMuavonf/

wae haomf - aqmufvkyfjyD;ump wHwm;MuD;wpif;tm; oGm;a&mufppfaq;


&m ....wHwm;MuD;rSm vIyfaeonfudk awGY&ojzifh t&m&Sdav;wpfOD;rS ]]wHwm;
MuD;uvnf;Asm ...}} [k wD;wdk;a&&Gwfvdkufrd\/ xdktcg tMuD;tuJrS ]] [Jh
wHwm;MuD;u bmjzpfwkef;}} [k jyefar;av&m .....

t&m&Sdav;rS ]] bkef;awmfaMumifh ewfjynfodk hwdk;vsdK;ayguf qufoG,fay;


aeovdkygyJ cifAsm; }} [k acwfopf OD;ay:OD; vkyfMunfhvdkuf&m tMuD;tuJrS
vGefpGm oabmusonfjzpfaomaMumifh qkawmf? ygrpfawmfrsm; ay;oem;
av\/ t&m&Sdvnf; rsm;pGm*kPfwufavonf/

13
wzef - zGifhvSpfjyD;ump qdkifbmpD;wD; odk h0ifa&muf ppfaq;aepOf ...
wdkufqdkifvSpGmrD;ysufoGm;onf jzpfaomaMumifh .... ]]w,f - rD;u
abmufrJhaMumifhysuf&owkef;}}
[k ar;jref;av&m ...vdrfrmyg;eyfaom t&m&SdrS ]] rSefyg? EdkifiHawmf
tMuD;tuJ\ udk,fa&mift&Sdeft0gudk vsyfppfrD;ewfom;rS r,SOfEdkifaom
aMumifh a0;&modk hz,fcGmajy;ojzifh rD;ysuf&ygonf cifAsm;}} [k ajzMum;
vdkuf&m oabmusvSojzifh qkawmf ygrpfawmfrsm; xyfrH csD;jrSifhjyef
avonf/

xdkodk h vSnfhvnfppfaq;jyD;tjyef tpnf;ta0;cef;raqmifwGif pnf;a0;


aeMupOf – 
orD;awmfav;tm; rjrifrdonfudk owdxm;rdaomaMumifh tMuD;tuJrS ...
]] [Jh ighorD;awmfav; rawG hrdygvm; }} [kar;avonf/
xdktcg ... yg;eyfjyD; pum;MuG,faom t&m&SdrS ]] rSefyg? a&SmifvTJr&Edkifaom
obm0w&m;\ usDpm;rIaMumifh udk,fvufrtDromjzpfvsuf tem;,lae
aMumif;yg }} [k jyefajzav\/

þwGif EdkifiHawmf tMuD;tuJonfvnf; rdrdudk,fukd bdk;awmfeD;eD; xifrSwf


aejyDjzpfaomaMumihf tpnf;ta0;udk &kyfodrf; vlpkcGJavonf/

aemufwae hreufwGifrS - tpnf;ta0; vlpHkcsdefüf rdrdt&m&Sdav;udk xyfrH


prf;oyfvdkonfjzpfaomaMumifh ]] [Jh- bmeJ hwkef; }} [k ar;av\ / ( bm
a&m*geJ hwkef;[kar;&rnf jzpfaomfvnf; tMuD;tuJrSm bdk;awmf\ 'dkif,m
avmh*frsm;rS raoGzDvdkaomaMumifh rl&if;twdkif;ar;avonf/)

14
vdrfrmyg;eyfjyD; owd0D&d,jzifh jynfhpHkaom t&m&Sdav;rS rqdkif;rwGyif ...
]]AdkufeJYygcifAsm;}} [k jyefajzonfwGif ...tMuD;tuJ crsmvnf; rwfwyfrS
pef hpef hvJí avief;pGJavawmhonf/

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

wm0efudk,fpD

aejynfawmf tpnf;ta0; cef;r wae&m ....

tMuD;tuJ/ / rif;wdk hEdkifiHawmf umuG,fa&;tpDtrHawG ighudkwifjyprf;/

0efMuD; / / [kwfuJh ... jynfolawGqlyl&if ol hvleJ holjyefxdef;odrf;zdk h


pGrf;tm;&SiftzGJYukd zGJYpnf;ay;xm;ygw,f/ bkef;MuD;ausmif;awGudkawmh
MuHYcdkifa&;tzGJYudk wm0efay;jyD; apmifhMunhfcdkif;xm;ygw,f/

t"du&kPf; ESdrfeif;a&; &JawGudkvnf; wkwfawG? 'dkif;awG tjynfht0 wyfqif


ay;xm;jyD;? tcgtm;avsmfpGm ESpfzufcGJavhusifhay;xm;ygw,f/

ygwDawG? ausmif;om;tzGJ hawGudkvnf; wefjyef tzGJ hawG zJG hpnf;jyD;


jynfolawG xifa,mifxifrSm;jzpfatmif vkyfaeygw,f/ rD'D,m wl rD'D,m
wkdufyGJudkvnf; t&Sdefrysuf qufvuf qifETJaeygw,f cifAsm/

15
tMuD;tuJ/ / at; .... 'gqdk b,fqdk;vdk hvJ/ aumif;w,f qufxdef;xm;/
aMomf 'geJ h ighppfAdkvfav;awGudka&m bmwm0efay;xm;ovJ/

0efMuD; / / olwdk h tGefvdkif; wufaeMuygw,f cifAsm;/

tMuD;tuJ/ / a[ ........

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

igvJygw,faemf

wpfcgu EkdifiHawmf orwrif;awGcsnf;oD;oefU av,mOfwpfpD; pD;vmMu


owJh/

]0kef;} qkd av,mOfBuD;u odrfhodrfhwkefoGm;ygw,f/

e*g;BuD;wpfaumifu av,mOfBuD;udkcGpD;NyD; av,mOfukd b,fvkdrS quf


armif;vkdUr&atmif Ncdrf;ajcmufaewmyg/

'geJU ½k½Sm; or®w ylwifu atmfajymvkdufowJh/

]]igwkdUqDu aygufuGJtm;tjyif;qHk; EsLu,m;'Hk;eJU cGif;vkdufr,f}}

16
e*g;uat;at;aq;aq;ygyJ/

'geJU tar&duefor®wrif; a*smhbk½Sfu 0ifatmfajymvkdufowJh/

]]igwkdUqDu  Starwars  pDrHudef;u vufeufqef;awGeJUypfvkdufr,f/


ab;z,fyg }}

e*g;BuD;uat;at;aq;aq;ygyJ/ av,mOfudk ydkNyD;awmhawmif vIyf&rf;ae


ygao;owJh/

'geJU rjzpfacsbl;qkdNyD; OuúXBuD; AkdvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;u acgif;uav;jyLNyD;


wkd;wkd;ajymvkdufw,f/

e*g;BuD;vnf;aMumufvefUwMum; ckefysHajy;vTm;aysmufuG,foGm;ygw,f/

'geJU wjcm;aom or®wrif;awGu tm;vHk; tHhMowBuD; 0kdif;ar;Muwmaygh/

bmrsm;ajymvkdufygwkef;aygh/

tbu at;at;aq;aq;yJ jyefajymvkdufowJh/

]] jrefrmEkdifiHudkoGm;aeMuwm..../ igvJygw,faemf }}

( wifjyol-  botchan  )

17
olrsm;usawmY  “rSL;MuD;” rvkyf& ... wJY

e0wvufxufrSm udk,fYzmomudk,f &mxl;awGwdk;ay;vdkufMuwm AdkvfcsKyf


MuD;awGrsm;vmawmY olwdkYxJu tmPmt&dSqHk;vludkay;zdkY wDxGifvdkufwJY
&mxl;u  “AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;”  wJY/ AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;xufawmif &mxl;
trsm;MuD; MuD;oGm;wmaygY/

tJ'gudk tm;usvdkY 'ku©a&mufoGm;wJY yk*d¾Kvfwa,muf&dSoAs/ olu


rEåav;jynfolYaq;&HkMuD;u aq;&HktkyfMuD;qdkyJ/ rEåav;rSmu t&ifwkef;uvdk
r[kwfyJ aq;&HkawGursm;vmawmY aq;&Hktyk fMuD;awGvnf; av;ig;a,muf
&dSwmaygYAsm/ 'gayr,fY wjcm;aq;&Hktyk fMuD;awGu? ydkjyD;pDeD,muswJY
tckeuajymwJY yk*d¾KvfMuD;&JY tkyfcsKyfrIatmufrSmyJ &dSowJY/

tEDS yk*d¾KvfMuD;[m udk,fuydkjyD; yg0g&dS&JYom;eJY? wjcm;olawGeJY  “aq;&Hktkyf


MuD;”  qdkjyD; tac:ta0: wlaewmudk rESpfjrdKY[efwlyg&JY/ waeYawmY
olxkwfjyefwJY XmewGif; ausnmcsufwckxJrSm  “aq;&HktkyfrSL;MuD;”  qdkjyD;
vufrSwfatmufrSm a&;vdkufowJY/

tJ... rMumcifyJ tJ'D aq;&HktkyfMuD;vnf;


jyKwfygava&mAsm/
tm;uswmvm;? &GJYvdkufwmvm; q&mMuD;&,f/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

18
MudKuf&ma&G;

EdkifiHYacgif;aqmifrsm;udk jzKwfcsifvSsif trsm;qHk; toHk;jyKavY&dSMuaom


taMumif;jycsuf ESpfck&dSygonf/
¤if;wdkYrSm vmbfpm;rI (  bribery  ) ESifY tdrfaxmifa&;azmufjyefrI(  adultery  )
wdkYjzpfygonf/

bbMuD;[k emrnfwGifusefcJYaom AdkvfcsKyfMuD;tm; jzKwfypfvdkaomtcg


xdkpOfu twGif;a&;rSL;(1) jzpfaeao;aom AdkvfcsKyfcifnGefY vufxJwGif
taMumif;jyp&m ESpfckvHk; udkifxm;jyD;jzpfavonf/
xdkYaemuf AdkvfcsKyfcifnGefYu xdkAdkvfcsKyfMuD;tm; ac:ajym\/ 

“cifAsm;udk uGsefawmfwdkY jzKwfzdkY taxmuftxm;awGawmY &Smxm;jyD;jyD? 


bribery  eJYjzKwfwmudk MudKufovm;?  adultery  eJYjzKwfwmudk MudKufovm;
a&G;ayawmY” 

AdkvfcsKyfcifnGefY nSyfajymvdkufaom t*FvdyfpmvHk;udk aumif;pGmem;rvnf


aom bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u ajzrdajz&m “ t'yfxGD ”  [k ajzrdcJYavonf/

odkYESifY bbMuD;ESifY rif;orD;av;wdkYZmwfvrf; vlxkMum;odkY a&muf&dSoGm;


cJYjcif; jzpfygownf;/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

19
Local Call 

wpfcgu tar&dueforw bk&Sf &,f? NAdwdefu 0efMuD;csKyf wdkeDbvJ &,f?


NrefrmNynfu OD;oef;a&T&,f...(3) a,muf[m aoNyD;aemufydkif; i&JNynfudk
a&mufvmMuw,f/ ,rrif;MuD;qDrSm qHk;Nzwfcsufudkapmifhae&if; olwkdY&Jh
rdef;rawGqDudk owd&vkdY zkH;ac:csifvmw,fwJh/ tJ'geJU bk&fupNyD;
zkH;ac:wm r'rfbk&fS eJY ( 5 ) rdepfavmuf tvGrf;o,fvkdufw,f/ ( 5 )
rdepfaNymNyD; zkH;csvkdufawmh ,rrif;MuD;u zkH;aNymc a':vm ( 1000 )
awmif;vkdufw,f/ bk&fu bmvkdYzkH;caps;MuD;wmvJvkdYar;awmh vlNynfudkac:
wmrdkY  oversea  rdkYvkdYygvkdaNymvkdufw,f/ aemuf wkdeDu zkH;xyfac:w,f../
olu awmh ( 10 ) rdepfMumw,fwJh/ ,rrif;MuD;u olYqDu a':vm
( 1000 ) yJ awmif;vkdufw,f/ bk&Sfu olYwHk;u ( 5 ) rdepfudk a':vm
( 1000 )? wkdeDusawmh ( 10 ) rdepfukd a':vm ( 1000 ) qkdawmh
raMueyfbl;aygh/ ,rrif;MuD;udk ar;awmh NAdwdefu tar&duefxufydkeD;vkdY
ygvkdYNyefaNymw,f/ aemufqkH; OD;oef;a&TtvSnfhusawmh r'rfoef;a&TeJh
zkH;aNymvkdufwm ( 5 ) rdepfvnf;ru..( 10 ) rdepfvnf;ru...( 1 )
em&DMumoGm;w,fwJh/ ,rrif;MuD;u oef;a&TqDu ( 5 ) a':vmyJ
,lvkdufw,fwJh/ tJ'DrSm bk&Sfaum? wkdeDaum pdwfawGqkd;NyD; ,rrif;MuD;udk
tNypfqkdwmaygh/ tJ'DrSm,rrif;MuD;u bmNyefaNymvnf;qkdawmh........

olYrdef;rqDac:wm  Oversea  Call  r[kwfbl;....  Local  Call 

....ygwJhcifAsm;..../

( wifjyol-  exotic  )

20 
ay:vmjyefjyD

udkZm*emjuD;wpfa,muf axmifxJa&mufaewkef; oef;a&$juD;a&mufcsvm_yD;  "udkif;/


rif;tckaxmifxJa&mufae_yD? rif;ighudk[movkyfEdkifao;&Jhvm;?"  vdhkar;owJh? udkZm*em
u  "usKyfudk 'Daehxkwfowif;pmwpfapmif/ a&wpfyHk;eJh aumfcGufwpfcGuf omay;yg" 
vdkh_yefa_ymvdkufw,f? vdkcsifwJhypPnf;awGvJ&a&m udkZm*emvJ owif;pmrSm
oef;a&$"gwfyHkygwJh pmrsufESmudkvSef/ cGufudka&yHk;xJESpf_yD; _yefv$wfvdkufa&m?
cGufuaumfcGufqdkawmh a&ay:udkcsuf_cif; _yefay:vma&maygh? tJ'DtcsdefrSm
udkZm*ema_ymvdkufwmuawmh "awmuf/ ay:vm_yef_yD 'DcGuf"

( wifjyol- Wyclef  )

xm0& bk&m;ocifawmif rrSDyg

wcgu tar&duefor®w&,f? w&kwfor®w&,f? usaemfwdkU AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;


&,f xm0&bk&m;ocifudk oGm;awGUMuygowJh/ ...
xm0&bk&m;ocifu oifwdkU odvdk&mudk ar;Muygqdkawmh wa,mufjyD;
wa,muf ar;Muawmhwmaygh/

yxrqHk; tar&duefor®wu ar;w,f/


] b,fawmhrsm;rS tar&duef[m urÇmwckvHk;udk EdkifiHa&;? ppfa&;t&
jydKifbufuif; vTrf;rdk;EdkifrvJ } .. wJh/

21
xm0&bk&m;ocifu cPpOf;pm;vdkufjyD; jyefajymw,f/
] jzpfawmhjzpfr,f ... 'gayr,hf rif;rrSDawmhbl; } .. wJh/
tar&duefor®w idkygava&m/

jyD;awmh w&kwfor®wu ar;w,f/


] b,fawmhrsm;rS w&kwfjynf[m urÇmYpD;yGm;a&;wckvHk;udk vTrf;rdk;EdkifrvJ} ..
wJh/
xm0&bk&m;ocifu ckeuvdkyJ cPpOf;pm;vdkufjyD; jyefajymygw,f/
] jzpfawmhjzpfvmr,f .. 'gayr,hf rif; rrSDawmhbl; } .. qdkawmh
w&kwfor®wvJ idkjyefwmaygh/

aemufqHk;awmh AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;tvSnhfaygh/ ..
olUar;cGef;vJ Mum;jyD;a&m xm0&bk&m;ocif idkygava&m/
olar;wmu ] b,fawmhrsm;rS jrefrmjynfrSm a&awGrD;awG rSefrSmvJ } .. wJh/
rsuf&nfvnf&GJMum;xJu xm0&bk&m;ocifu jyefajz&Smygw,f/
] jzpfawmhjzpfr,f ... 'gayr,hf igrrSDawmhbl; } ...... wJhAsm /

( wifjyol-  yzg  )

22
tckuHaumif;w,f

wrvGefb0rSm a*smhbkcsf &,f? bboef;&,f? Avm'Drm ylwif&,f twlwl


awGYjyD; vrf;avQmufxGufcJhygw,f/ olwdkY wpfae&mta&muf vuf0g;uyf
wdkifrSm um;piftwifcHxm;&wJh a,&Ic&pfawmfeJYawGYygava&m/ tJ'DrSmwif
a*smhu a,&Iem;udk wdk;oGm;jyD;awmh
]t&Sif? om;awmf touf&SifcJhwJh b0rSm om;awmf uHaumif;cJhygvm;/}
a,&Iu ]at;.. rif;uHaumif;cJhw,f/ bmvdkYvJqdkawmh rif;[m tMurf;zuf
orm;awGudk EdSrfESif;cGifh &cJhvdkYyJ/}

jyD;awmh ylwifu a,&Iudk ]uRefawmfrsdK;aum touf&SifpOfu b,fvkd


uHaumif;cJhygvJ/} vdkYar;w,f/ a,&Iu ]rif;vJ uHaumif;cJhwmyJ.. bmvdkYvJ
qdkawmh rif;[m wdkif;jynfudk pdwfwdkif;us yHkazmfEdkifcJhvdkYyJ/}

aemufqHk;ydwftaeeJY uRefawmfwdkY bboef;u tm;usrcH ]uRefawmfa&mAsm..


b,fvdk uHaumif;cJhvJ/} vdkYar;w,f/ tJ.. ar;vdkufwJh cPrSm a,&I
vufESpfzufvHk; vIyfoGm;w,f.. 'gayr,f.. um;pifwifcHxm;&wmqdkawmh
vIyfvdkYr&blk;/ jyD;awmh bboef;udk tHMudwfjyjyD; 'Dvdkajymw,f/

]at;.. ighvufESpfzufpvHk; vIyfvdkYr&wmyJ rif;uHaumif;w,fvdkYrSwf/}

( wifjyol- deathmetalster  )

23
Myanmar & Wireless 

*syefEkdifiHrS blrdaA'ynm&SifawGu wl;azmfa&;vkyfuGufwpfckuae rxifrSwf


yJ aNratmufrDwm ( 1000 ) ausmfrSm Copper  Wire awGwl;azmfawGY&dS
oGm;Muw,f/ *syefrS odyÜHynm&SifawG&Jh prf;oyfrSKt& atmufygtwdkif;
rSwfcsufwpfck csvkdufMuw,f/
rdrdwdkY bkd;ab;bDbifawG[m a&S;ESpfaygif; 1000 cefYuwnf;u Copper 

Wire Coxial Technology awGtokH;NyKcJhMuw,fwJh../
tJ'gudk rcHEkdifNzpfoGm;wJh tar&duefawGu olwdkYEkdifiHrSm aNratmufrDwm
( 2000 ) wl;cJhMuw,f/ xl;qef;pGmeJY Fibre  Cables awGudk awGY&dSoGm;
w,f/ tar&duef ynm&SifawGu atmufygtwdkif; rSwfcsufcsvkdufMuw,f/
rdrdwdkY bkd;ab;bDbifawG[m a&S;ESpfaygif; 1000 cefYuwnf;u Optical 

Technology ( or ) Photonic Technology awGtokH;NyKcJhMuw,fwJh../

aemufqkH; NrefrmEkdifiHrS AdkvfcsKyfMuD;awGuvnf; tm;usrcH NrefrmhaNratmuf


udkwl;azmfckdif;vkdufMuw,f/ rDwm ( 1000 ) wl;w,f....bmrSrawGYbl;/
rDwm ( 2000 ) wl;w,f...bmrSrawGYao;bl;/ 'geJY ydkaocsmoGm;atmif
rDwm ( 3000 ) txd wl;vkdufMuw,f/ tHhMop&myJAsm../ bmqkdbmrS
udkrawGYwm../ 'geJY aemufqkH;rSwfcsufwpfck csvkdufMuw,f/
rdrdwdkY bkd;ab;bDbifawG[m a&S;ESpfaygif; 1000 cefYuwnf;u Wireless 

Technology awGtokH;NyKcJhMuw,fwJh../

( wifjyol-  exotic  )

24 
aumfr&Sif

wpfcgujrefrmEdkifiHu 0efMuD;csKyfwpfa,muf tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiHudk tvnfoGm;


owJh/ tif'dkeD;&Sm;0efMuD;csKyfvnf; olYtdrfudkac:jyD; {nfhcHwmayghAsm/
aumif;ayhnGefYayhqdkwJhtpm;taomufawG? t&ufawGeJY {nfhcHayr,fh jrefrm
0efMuD;csKyfu tif'dk0efMuD;csKyf&JY eef;awmfwrQ xnf0gvSwJh tdrfawmfMuD;udkyJ
oabmusaeowJh/ aemufqHk;raeEdkifawmhwmeJY ]AsdKY tif'dk0efMuD;? cifAsm;
vcb,favmuf&vdkY 'DtdrfMuD;udk aqmufEdkifwmvJ} vdkYar;rdowJh/ 'Dawmh
tif'dk0efMuD;u bmrS jyefrajzao;bJ jywif;aygufuae vSrf;jrifae&wJh
jrpfMuD;udk vufndK;vSrf;xdk;jyD; ][dkrSmawGYvm; jrpful;wHwm;MuD;} qdkawmh-
jrefrm0efMuD;csKyf/ / ]awGYygw,f}
tif'dk0efMuD;csKyf/ / ] 20% } vdkYajymvdkufowJh/

aemufwpfESpfMumwJhtcgrSmawmh tif'dk0efMuD;csKyfu jrefrmjynfudk jyefjyD;


tvnfvmowJh/ jrefrm0efMuD;csKyfvnf; *kPf,l0ifhMuGm;pGmeJY olYtdrfudk
zdwfwmaygh/ tJ'DrSm tif'dk0efMuD;csKyfwpfa,muf tdrfxJudkawmif r0if&
ao;bl;? tdrfa&SYrSmwif yg;pyfta[mif;om;eJY ai;jyD;&yfaerdw,f/
jrefrm0efMuD;csKyf&JY tdrfawmfu olYtdrfxuf q,fqru crf;em;wmudk;/
wpftdrfvHk;udk pusifausmufawGeJY rGrf;rHxm;jyD;? aumfaZmawGuvnf;
eif;&ufp&mawmifr&Sdbl;wJh/ 'geJY tif'dk0efMuD;vnf; t&JpGefYjyD; ar;vdkuf
w,f ]cifAsm; vc b,favmuf&wmvJ[if? tdrfMuD;u [D;aewmyJ}?
jrefrm0efMuD;csKyf/ / ] [dkrSmjrpful;wHwm;MuD;awGYvm;}
[kjrpfudkxdk;jya&GYar;vdkufonf/
tif'dk0efMuD;csKyf/ / ] rawGYygvm;? b,frSmvJAs} [kjyefar;vdkufonf/

25
xdktcg jrefrm0efMuD;csKyfu rdefYrdefYMuD;jyHK;í atmufygtwdkif; ajymcsvdkuf
avownf;/
] 100%}

( wifjyol-  Eistein  )

t<um;jydKifyGJ

tmqD,H xdyfoD;rsm;tpnf;ta0;wGif EdkifiHtoD;oD;rS acgif;aqmifrsm;


tBuGm;NydKifMuav&m yxrOD;pGm rav;&Sm;acgif;aqmifu ...
]usKyfwdkU rav;vlrsKd;awG wnfaqmufxm;wJh rdk;arSsmfwdkufAsm? v udk
xdaevdkU} [k MuGm;avonf/
xdktcg tjcm;acgif;aqmifrsm;u wpfa,mufwpfayguf 0dkif;0ef; EdSyfuGyf
avrS rlvtjrifh jyefa&mufatmif avsmhoGm;avonf/
acgif;aqmif toD;oD;rSm olwdkUEdkifiHtaMumif;udk tmaygiftm&if;oefoefjzifh
BuGm;vdkuf? wjcm;acgif;aqmifrsm;u 0dkif;EdSyfuGyfvdkufjzifh olwkdU MuGm;cJhorSs
rlvxufrsm;pGm jyefjyefavsmhcsaeMu&onf/
aemufqHk; tba½TqDrS bmrSMuGm;oH rMum;&ojzifh tm;vHk;u 0dkif;ar;Mu&m?
]igwdkU EdkifiHrSm rdef;rawGu uav;arG;&if zifaygufuae arG;w,fuG} [k
ajymav&m tm;vHk; tHk;tHk;uGsufuRuf jzpfNyD; oufaojycdkif; avawmhonf/
xdktcgrS tba½Tu rdefUrdefUBuD;NyHK;um ]igMuGm;wmu ESpfvufryJ
vGJoGm;wmyguGm} [lownf;/

( wifjyol- Black­Xenon )

26
tajctaeaumif;wmu

wpfcgu tpdk;&tjuD;tuJwpfOD;onf aemufvdkufrsm;ESifh tpnf;ta0;twGuf


c&D;xGufjuonf? vrf;wGif rawmfwq ,mOfwdkufr+ _zpf_yD; tm;vHk;aq;@Hkodkh
a&mufoGm;juonf? tjuD;tuJ. owif;udk ar;_ref;pHkprf;&eftwGuf owif;axmuf
rsm; vma&muf_yD; q&m0eftm;ar;_ref;cJhonf?
owif;axmufrsm; ? q&m/q&m--- tjuD;tuJa_ctae b,fvdkvJ?
q&m0ef ? tif; --- ta_ctae raumif;bl;?
owif;axmufrsm; ? ol&Jh aemufvdkufawGaum---?
q&m0ef ? tif; -- olwdkhvJta_ctae raumif;bl;?
owif;axmufrsm; ? 'gqdk b,folta_ctae aumif;vJq&m?
q&m0ef ? igwdkh wdkif;_ynf?

( wifjyol-  loyalty  )

ighudkbmrSwfaevJ

wpfcgu tpdk;&tjuD;tuJwpfOD;onf ntcsdefwGif wpfa,mufwnf; t_yifxGufrd&m


vrf;wGifvk,ufolESifh wdk;onf?
vk,ufol ? ygor# ydkufqHtukefxkwf?
tjuD;tuJ?-- a[h-- rif; -ighudkbmrSwfaevJ-- igb,folvJodvm;--- ig
'Dwdkif;_ynf&Jh tpdk;& tjuD;tuJuG?
vk,ufol ? 'gqdk-- ,lxm;or#awG tukef_yefay;?

27
taumif;qHk;0g'

wpfcgu urÇmay:rSm EdkifiHa&;0g' tpnf;ta0;yGJBuD;usif;yw,f/


(&nf½G,fcsufuawmh urÇmay:rSmaumifqHk;0g'udka½G;r,faygh/)urÇmay:u
EdkifiHacgif;aqmiftm;vHk;ESifh 0g'&Siftm;vHk; wufa&mufMuwmaygh/

(rSufcsuf/ / jrefrmEdkifiHuODoef;a½TBuD; ESifh wpfaqGwpfrsdK;vHk; wufa&muf


onf[kowif;&½Sdygonf/)

tNydKiftqdkifyJ [pfwvmwdkU?rlqdkvDeDwdkU?wdkeDbvJwdkU?vifuGef;wdkU?ponfjzifh
EkdifiHaygif;pHku acgif;aqmifESifh0g'&Sif tm;vHk;[m olwdkU0g'aumif;aMumif;
a[majymjiif;ckefMuwmaygh/

tm;vHk;wpfa,mufESifhwpfa,muf t&SH;ray;Muovdk b,folrSvJb,f0g'


aumif;w,fvdkU rqHk;jzwfEdkifMuzl;aygY/ aemufqHk; tm;vHk;owdxm;rdwmu
jrefrmEdkifiHuOD;oef;a½TBuD;ESifh taygif;ygrsm;[m bmrSrajymbJ Nidrfoufae
MuwmudkawGU&w,faygh/ tm;vHk;u 'DvdkNidrfaeyHkaxmuf&if OD;oef;a½TBuD;qD
rSmtm;vHk;ESifhrwlyJ tm;vHk;xufaumif;wJh0g'wpfck&Sdr,fvdkU xifMuwmaygh/
vmwHk;uawmh aqGrsdK;awGa&mufzl;atmif tvnfoabmrsdK;eJU bmrSrajymbl;
vdkUpOf;pm;xm;ayrJh tm;vHk;uawmif;qdkvmwmeJU OD;oef;a½TBuD;u pifay:
wufoGm;ygw,f/

pifay:a&mufa&mufcsif;yJ tm;vHk;u OD;oef;a½TBuD;udk jrefrmEdkifiHudk


b,f0g'ESifh tkyfcsKyfovJvdkUar;ygw,f/ 'Dawmh OD;oef;a½TBuD;u olrsm;

28
awGvdk &Snf&Snfa0;a0;rajymyJ wpfcGef;xJajymNyD; qif;vmcJhwJhtcgrSm....
vlaygif;rsm;pGm&SdwJh tpnf;ta0;cef;rBuD;[m tyfusoHawmifMum;&atmif
wdwfqdwfoGm;ygawmhw,f/ tm;vHk;[m tmap;xnfUcH&ovdk tvefUwMum;
ESifh bmrSrajymEdkifawmhygbl;/

OD;oef;a½TBuD; ajymvdkufwmuawmh wpfcGef;xJyg/

]]rkom0g'}} wJhAsm...../
(wifjyol-  peterhein1983  ) 

Myanmar Fashion 

oHvHk;ESifha&pufygaom EdkifiHNcm;om;tm; NrdKUwGif;odkUvdkufvHydkUaqmifay;&ef


MuHKMudKufvmavonf/ yltdkufaomaEG&moD NzpfaeaomaMumifh EdkifiHNcm;om;
u ...
]] rif;wdkUvlrsdK;awG ylNyif;rIudktHwkovdk igvJvdkufvkyfrSNzpfawmhr,f?
igb,fvdk'DZdkif;vkyf&rvJqdkwm aNymNyprf;ygOD;uGm }}
oHvHk;u
]] ryklygeJU uRefawmfNyr,f...? a[m'DrsufrSefrnf;MuD;udkwyfvdkuf 'g[m
aeumrsufrSefr[kwfbl; txuf? atmuf? ab;rSm bmawGNzpfaevJ
rNrif&awmhyJ cifAsm;vufwpfurf;udkyJ pl;pdkufMunfh&awmhr,f/ NyD;&if a[m'D
mp3 player av;udk em;axmifaevdkuf? txuf? atmuf? ab;u vl
awGbmawGaNymaevJ bmrSrMum;awmhbl;/ a[m'D yDauawGudk tqufrNywf
0g;NyD; armf&ifndKvdk apm'urwufbJ zm*lqefvdk wdwfwdwfav;aevdkuf/

29
'gqdkcifAsm; &efenf;oGm;r,f/ aemufqHk;taeeJU a[movdkav; acgif;uae
a&avmif;vdkuf? ylwJh'PfudkcHEdkifoGm;NyD }}
qdkNyD; EdkifiHNcm;om;acgif;uae a&avmif;csvdkufw,f/ cPaeawmh
EdkifiHNcm;om;u [wfcsD; . . [wfcsD; eJUacsNyD; ESmawGydwfvma&m/ 'DawmhrS
oHvHk;u
]] tm;vHk;tdkauoGm;NyD? vmoGm;r,f? 'DvdkrsdK;omqdk NrefrmNynfwESHUwvsm;
cifAsm; oGm;csifwJhqDoGm;NyD; awGUcsifwJholeJU awGUvdkU&NyD }} qdkNyD;ac:oGm;
ygawmhw,f/ 

( wifjyol-  Flame of Passion ) 

tdkb,fhbDueD&,f? apmifh&wmarmvGef;vSbd . . .

tNidrf;pm&if;udkifMuD;ESifh acwfa[mif;EdkifiHa&;orm;MuD;wdkU tv’myov’my


aNymaeMuonf/ tNidrf;pm;pm&if;udkifMuD;r
]] 'geJU cifAsm; [dk[moav;Mum;zl;vm;? pm&if;Z,m;qdkwm bDueDeJU
wlw,fqdkwmav }}
EdkifiHa&;orm;a[mif;MuD;u
]] rMum;zl;bl;? 'gayr,fh uRefawmfhtNrifawmh bDueD[m pm&if;xufpm&if
tpdk;&tzGJUeJU ydkwlw,fxifwmyJ/ bmawGudkzHk;uG,fxm;vJvdkY tm;vHk;u
*&kwpdkuf apmifhMunfhaew,fxifayr,fh trSefrSmawmh b,fawmhuRwfNyD;
NyKwfusrSmvJvdkU apmifharQmfaeMuwm }} 

( wifjyol-  Flame of Passion )

30
NrefrmNynf Nyoem aNz&Sif;enf;

waeYaomtcg tv’gt&SifNrwf&,f? a,&SKc&pfawmf&,f? oMum;rif;OD;rmC


wkdYu urÇmhNidrf;csrf;a&;twGuf awGYqkHaqG;aEG;cJhMuw,f/ oabmwlnDcsuf
awG &cJhMuw,f/ tv’mt&SifNrwfu tkdprmbifvm'ifukd oGm;awGYr,f/
c&pfawmfu or®w bk&Sfukd aNzmif;zsr,f/ OD;rmC uawmh AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;ukd
wm0ef,l&r,fwJh/

'geJY bmomMuD; (3)ck&Jh wefcdk;&SifawGu &ufaumif;&ufNrwf a&G;NyD;oumv


urÇmausmf tMurf;zuform; (3)OD; eJYawGYMuw,f/ awGYwJhae&mu [dr0E¬åm
awmifaNcu vSkKdPf*lwpfckrSmyg/ taESmifht,Sufr&dS pum;aNymvkdY&atmif
0ifaygufrSm vkHNcKHa&;tapmifhawG csxm;vkdufw,f/

tJovkdeJYawGYMuNyD; ( 3 )em&DtMumrSm c&pfawmfu or®wbk&fSeJYtwl *lxJu


ae xGufvmw,f/ c&pfawmfu NyKH;aew,f/ bk&Sfuawmh tuRwfw&m;
&oGm;[ef&dSygw,f/

tapmifhrsm; / aqG;aEG;yGJ taNctae b,fvkd&dSygovJ t&Sif/

c&pfawmf / tcktcsdefupNyD; ppfyGJawG &yfpJawmhr,f/ or®wbk&fSu Nidrf;csrf;


a&;&Jhwefzkd;ukd owdxm;rdoGm;NyD/

aemufxyf ( 3 ) em&DtMumrSm tv’mt&SifNrwfu *lxJuae xGufvmw,f/

31
bifvm'ifvnf; ygvmw,f/ bifvm'ifykHpHu tv’mukd ydkíydkí &dkao
av;pm;ae[ef ay:vGifaew,f/

tapmifhrsm; / aqG;aEG;yGJ taNctae b,fvkd&dSygovJ t&Sif/

tv’m / bifvm'ifukd vlaumif;olaumif;Nzpfatmif aNymif;vJvkdufEkdifygNyD/


tcktcsdefupNyD; ol[m tMurf;zufvkyfief;awGeJY ygwfoufawmhrSm r[kwf
ygbl;/

aemufxyf ( 3 ) em&D tMumrSmawmh AkdvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;oef;a&G *lxJuae


xGufvmw,f/ a'gowaxmif;axmif;eJYaygh/ olYaemufrSm OD;rmCMuD;
pdwfysufvufysufeJY/

tapmifhrsm; / b,fvkdNzpfwmvJ t&Sif/

OD;rmC / NrefrmNynfrSm Nidrf;csrf;zdkYvkdNyDqkdwJhtaMumif; oef;a&Gukd wwfEkdif


oavmuf em;csygw,fuGm/ 'Dawmh olu ighukd yk'fr 5(n) t& tNypf&dS
w,fvkdY pGwfpGJygava&m/ tckighudk tif;pdefaxmifykdYrvkdY wJhuGm/ 

( wifjyol-  exotic )

32
armf'efoMum;rif;

waeYaomtcg oDv?orm"d eJY NynfhpkHwJh vlwpfa,mufukd oMum;rif;u


zdwfNyD; Adrmefukd ac:Nyw,f/ xl;qef;vkdufykHuawmh oMum;rif;&Jhtcef;xJrSm
em&DawG awmifykH&mykHygyJ/ em&Dqkdifawmif olYtcef;avmufem&DawG rrsm;
avmufbl;/ 

“oMum;rif; ....... 'Dem&DawGu bmvkyfwmvJ” qkdawmh vdrfaNym? nmaNymwJh


olawGukd rSwfxm;wmqkdyJ/ 
“[m...oMum;rif;u acG;om;a&yk&ykdufeJY a&;rSwfw,fqkd....”  vkdYaNymvkduf
awmh... 
“atmifrm... bmrSwfaevJ/ armf'efoMum;rif;...uG ES,fES,f&& rSwfvkdY/
vlwpfa,mufpDtwGuf em&DwpfvkH;csif;pDeJY rSwfwm/ wpfcgvdrfaNym&if
puúefYwHu wpfcga&GYw,f/ q,fcgvdrfaNym&if q,fcga&GYw,fayghuGm...” 
wJh/
w,f[kwfyghvm;/ 
“'geJY ... oMum;rif; ....... a[m [dkem&Du puúefYwHawG a&GYaeygvm;As..” 
qdkawmh .../ 
“tJ'g... um;yGJpm; em&DuG” wJh/ 
“[dkem&DuaumAs.... wpfpuúefYNyD; wpfpuúefY a&GYaeygvm;” 
“tJ'g... Nrefrmh&kyfNrifoHMum; owif;aMuNimwJhvl&Jh em&D..” wJh/

33
“a[mAsm.../ [kdem&DMuD;Muawmh yifhultdrfawGawmif wufNyD; &yfaeyghvm;As/
b,folYem&Dwkef;” 
“tJ'g... omrnq&mawmfMuD; &Jh em&DuG” 
“pum;rpyf? A[kokwaygh oMum;rif;MuD;&,f..../ AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;oef;a&T&Jh
em&D ua&mAsm...” vkdYvnf;ar;a&m ... oMum;rif;MuD;u... 
“[m .... olYem&DMuD;u vnfvGef;vdkY.. yefumvkyfxm;&w,f” ....wJhAsm; / /

( rkd;rc rS ul;,lNyD; teJi,f NyifqifazmfNyxm;Ncif;yg ) 

( wifjyol-  exotic ) 

'gawmYrjzpfbl;

tdkqmrmbifvm'if wpfa,muf tar&duef&JU&efu ajy;&if;eJU jrefrmEdkifiH


wGif EdkifiHa&;cdkvIHcGifh,l&ef qHk;jzwfvdkufygw,fwJh/ tar&duef&JU &efol
jzpfwmcsif; wlaewJhtwGuf jrefrmjynfujzifh olYtwGufawmh vHkNcHKrI
ay;Edkifr,f xifraygh/

tJ'geJU tdkqmrmeJU bbBuD; aqG;aEG;Muawmh? tqifawmfawmfajyygw,fwJh/


bbBuD;uvnf; jrefrmjynfrSmvmae&if tar&duefu vufzsm;eJUawmif
rxdap&bl;? tmrcHw,f bmnmaygh/ 'gayr,fh aemufqHk;wpfcsufrSm
tdkqmrmu b,fvdkrS vufrcHEdkifvdkY aqG;aEG;yGJ ysufoGm;&ygowJh/

34 
tJ'guawmh tdkqmrmu BuHUzGHUtoif;xJ 0if&rSmqdkwmygyJ/

( wifjyol- armifbwf )

bmom ysufrSmpdk;

bbBuD;wpfa,muf tar&duef&JU&efu ajy;&if;eJU tmz*efepöwefwGif


EkdifiHa&;ckdvIHcGifh,l&ef qkHk;jzwfvkdufygw,fwJh/ tar&duefeJU &efoljzpfwmcsif;
wlaeojzifh tmz*efepöwefujzifh olUtwGuf vHkNcHKrIay;Edkifr,fxifraygh/

'geJU bbBuD;eJU tkdqmrmaqG;aEG;Muawmh tqifawmfawmfajyygw,fwJh/


tkdqmrmuvnf; tmz*efepöwefrSmvmae&if tar&duefu vufzsm;eJUawmif
rxdap&bl;? tmrcHw,f bmnmaygh/ bbBuD;uvnf; olUrSm ygvmr,fh
a':vmoef;aygif;rsm;pGmudk tkdqmrmudk pdwfBudKuf cGJay;yghr,faygh/
'gayr,fh aemufqHk;wpfcsufrSm tdkqmrmu b,fvdkrS vufrcHEdkifvdkY
aqG;aEG;yGJ ysufoGm;&ygowJh/

tJ'guawmh OD;jrifharmifudk omoema&;0efBuD;cefUay;&r,f qdkwmygyJ/ 

(  wifjyol-  botchan )

35
MuufqlqD

a&TjrefjynfrSm a&TOmPfawmfpl;a&mufjyD; MuufqlqDuae avmifpmqD


jzpfatmif vkyfaewm Mum;zl;MurSmaygh/

usaemfwdkYjrdKYrSm MuufqlqDuae pufoHk;qDtjzpfoHk;vdkY &jyD;qdkwJho&kyfjyyGJ


&Sif;vif;yGJvkyfw,f/ wdkif;rI;udk,fwdkifvmMunfhwmav/ jrefrmhtoHuvnf;
wDAGDvm&dkufw,f/ yGJvnf;pa&m MuufqlqDxnfh w&kyfeDvdkYac:wJh
aqGrsdK;aygufaz:EdkifiHu rD;pufxJxnfhjyD;awmh rD;xGef;jyrvdkYayghAsm/ pufxJ
qDxnfhjyD; pufEdI;wm rEdk;bl;jzpfaew,f/ wdkifrI;uvnf; aocsmudk
Munfhaewm qdkawmh ya&m*sufwm0efcH AdIvfrI;MuD;u pufEdI;aewJhvludk ....... 
“acG;rom; 'DZ,fxnfhvdkuf? 'DZ,fxnfhvdkufqdkjyD; wdwfwdwfav;tHMudwfjyD;
ajymwm” 

'DZ,fvnf;xnfhvdkufa&m rD;cdk;trJawG xGufvmjyD; pufvnfoGm;a&m


Asm....../ 

( wifjyol-  Big Boy )

36
[dkxJrSm

raeUu pvHk;rSma&mufaewJh nDrwpf0rf;uGJav;eJU zkef;ajymjzpfMuw,f/ olu


a&SUvxJrSm bef;ausmf ( jrefrmjynf ) jyefrSm/ ol[dkrSm&Sdaewkef; usaemf
uvnf;jyefrSmqdkawmh oluvmMudKr,fwJh/ usaemfuajymw,f... 
“at;[m.. avqdyfuae tdrfyJa&mufrvm;? [dkxJyJ wdkuf&dkufa&mufoGm;
rvm;rodbl;”...vdkUajymawmh? oluckvdktm;ay;ygw,f/ 

“[m...aumif;wmaygh... rMuD;&m? [dkxJrSmq&mawmfawGzl;&wmayghwJ”h.....uJ/

( wifjyol-  Mya  )

jrifMunfYvdkufyg

tJ'D pvHk;unDrav;yJ/ [dk pdefr*FvmaqmifacG xGufpwkef;u vlawG


uvnf;t&rf;ajymMu/ 'Duvnf;MunfhcsifvSjyD/ 'Dudkvnf;ra&mufao;/
tJ'golu bef;ausmfuaejyefa&mufcgp? tacGudkoluMunfhvmcJhwmav/
olUudkzkef;qufjyD; tacGtaMumif;ar;wmaygh/ 'Dbufuvluom [yfxdk;
vdkufar;ae&wm? olurajymcsifovdk ajymcsifovdk? jyD;awmhajymao;wm...
usaemfjzifh qHk;atmifawmifrMunfhcJhygbl;... ? rsufESmawGjrif&wm usufoa&
r&SdvdkU..wJh/ usaemfuvnf;ar;rdjyefa&m/  “owdkUorD;ua&m vSvm;”  vdkU
qdkawmh...

37
“olYtazMuD;udk *g0eftjzLMuD; 0wfay;xm;wJhyHkudkom rsufpdxJjrifMunfhvdkuf
aygh rMuD;&m”... wJh/

( wifjyol-  Mya  )

NyD;cgprdkU

yk*vdu [kdw,fpDrHudef; wcktwGuf AdkvfrI;BuD;wOD; vma&mufrnfjzpfaom


aMumifh jymwmwdkU jym&mcwfaeMuonf/ reufapmapmxJu jym&mcwf
ae&aomaMumifh tawmfav;t&Sdef&aeMuonf/ owfrSwfxm;aom tcsdefem;
uyfvmonf/ ydkif&SifrS jymwmrefae*smudkar;vdkufonf/

]]a[h ppfaq;a&;awGrvmao;ygvm;uG}}

t&ifuqdk tpnf;ta0;rwdkifcif ppfaq;a&;qdkaom [kdvSef'DvSef a0guD


awmfuDESifhvlwcsdKU vma&mufwwfaomaMumifh ar;&jcif;jzpfonf/

jymwmrefae*smrSm ]]vmrSmygapmao;vdkUyg q&m}} [kjyefajymonf/

wcP . . .

a[ma&mufvmMuonf/ rqvm*spfuav; wpD;wnf; 0ifvmonf/

38 
um;ay:rS ukwfacsmif;acsmif;jzifh qif;vmonf/ &Ha&Gawmf av;a,muf
avmufjzifh ...

ydkif&SifrS ]] q&mwdkU &Smp&m&Sd jrefjref&SmMuyg AdkvfrI;BuD;awmfMum vmawmhrSm}}


[kqdkum wHcg;zGifhay;vdkufonf/

xdkolonf AdkvfcsLyfrI;BuD;xdkifckHwGif xdkifvdkufonf/ 'DawmhrS olESifhtwl


ygvmaom Adkvfav;u ydkif&Sifudk ajymavonf/

]] tJ'gAdkvfrI;BuD;cifAs }}

'DvdkeJU yGJNyD;vdkU tm;vkH;jyefoGm;MuawmY ydkif&Sifu jymwmrefae*smudk


ar;vdkufonf/

]] b,fvdkjzpfwmvnf;uGm t&ifuqdk wcrf;wem;vmwmr[kwfvm; }}

jymwmrefae*sm jyefajzvdkufonf/

]] pufwifbm NyD;cgprdkUyg q&m }} wJh/

rSwfcsuf/ / pufwifbm ta&;tcif;tNyD; ykef;vQdKuG,fvQdK; tcsdef/

( wifjyol-  nelayne  )

39
vdSsKY0SufcsufaygufMum;rI

qkdAD,uftifyg,mBuD; wnf&SdpOfumv? waeh oufBuD;&G,ftkd wpfa,muf


armfpukdjrdKh vrf;rv,fwGif avSsmufí atmfaeonf/ olatmfonfrSm ...

" wkdif;jynfukd tkyfcsKyfwJh aumifawGtm;vHk; acgif;(OD;aESmuf)r&Sdbl; "

rBumyg xHk;pHtwkdif; olYhukd au*sDAD axmufvSef;a&;rsm; zrf;oGm;\/


aemufqHk; w&m;&Hk;rS Bum;emppfaq;jyD; axmif'Pf 15 ESpfcsvkdufonf/
jypf'Pf tao;pdwfrSm ...

ol\ pum; " wkdif;jynfukd tkyfcsKyfwJhaumifawGtm;vHk; acgif;(OD;aESmuf)


r&Sdbl; " twGuf axmif'Pf 1 ESpf?

tJ ... wkdif;jynf\ xdyfwef;vdSsKY0SufcsufaygufBum;jcif;twGuf axmif'Pf


14 ESpf ... wJh/

( wifjyol- Zulu  )

udkZl;vl;&JU [moav;udk qufxm;wm &Sdao;vdkUyg... tJ'D vludk axmif 15


ESpfcsvdkufayr,fh aemuf 3 ESpfavmufaeawmh jyefvTwfay;vdkufygw,f...
bmvdkUvJqdkawmh " wkdif;jynfukdtkyfcsKyfwJh aumifawGtm;vHk; acgif;
(OD;aESmuf)r&Sdbl; " qdkwJhudpö[m tJ'DtcsdefrSm (aemuf 3ESpftMumrSm)

40
EdkifiHawmf xdyfwef;vQdKU0Sufcsuf r[kwfawmhvdkUygwJh... ( jynfolawG tm;vHk;
vufcHvdkufNyDav )

( wifjyol- solidsnake  )

tcGifYta&;

aemufwpfcku &k&Swpfa,mufu jyefajymjyjcif;yg/

qkdAD,uf,leD,H tcsdefumv? waeh armfpukdjrdKh puf&Hkwckokdh tar&duef


EkdifiHom; wpfa,muf a&mufvmjyD;? &k&S tvkyform;wpfa,muf ESifh
pum;vufqHk us\/

tar&duef " rif;wkdY &k&SawGu igwkdY tar&duefawGvkd or®w raumif;&if


raumif;bl;vkdY zGifhajymvkdh&vm;/ or®w tdrfjzLawmfa&ShrSm atmfvkdY&vm; "

&k&S "r&bl;"/

tar&duef "rif;wkdh&k&SawG igwkdYvkd vlhtcGifhta&; tjynfht0&Sdvm;?


'Drdkua&pD&Sdvm;"

&k&S "r&Sdbl;"/

41
tqHk; &k&Su jyefajym\/

&k&S " rif;wkdh tar&duefawG igwkdY &k&Sm;awGvdk puf&HkvmjyD;? tckvkd tvkyf


aumif;aumif; rvkyfvkdY &vm;"
tar&duef "[ vkyfvkdYr&bl;uG/"

&k&S "rif;wkdYtar&duefawG igwkdY &k&SawGvkd tvkyftcsdefrSm tjyifxGuf?


aq;vdyfaomuf? vzuf&nf aomufvkdY&vm;/"

tar&duef " [m 'Dvkdvnf; vkyfvkdYr&bl;uGm/"

&k&S "rif;wkdYtar&duefawG igwkdY&k&SawGvkd? tvkyfukd zdzdpD;pD; aumif;aumif;


rvkyfbJ vukef&if vkyftm;ctjynfht0&vm;/"

tar&duef "'grsdK;vnf; r&bl;uG/ igwkdY ukd,fvkyf&if vkyfoavmuf


bJ&wm/"

&k&S "awGYvm; rif;wkdY tar&duefawGvkyfvkdYr&wm igwkdY tukef&w,f/"

( wifjyol- Zulu  )

42
EdkifiHawmfqdkwm

AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;oef;a&Tu wyfrawmfaeYwdkif; rdefYcGef;ajymMum;jrJjzpfav\/ 

“&JabmfwdkY igwdkY[m EdkifiHawmf wdk;wufMuD;yGm;zdkY udk,fpGrf;&dSorSs OmPfpGrf;


&dSorSs aqmif&GufMu&rSmyJ jzpfw,f/” 

ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm Mumvm\/

xdktawmtwGif; AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;\wynfYom;ajr;rsm;rSm q,foufpm;rukef


atmif? csrf;omoGm;Muav\/ wdkif;jynfum; qif;&JrGJawvsufyif/

aemufqHk;wGif jynfolwdkYrSm atmufygtwdkif; jiD;jiLvdkYom ae&ygawmYonf/ 

“ atmf ... EdkifiHawmfqdkwm olwdkYudk,fudkolwdkY ajymwmudk; ...” 

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

43
rJay;jcif;

qE´cH,lyGJ usif;ya&;twGuf wm0ef&Sd yk*d¾Kvfrsm;udk owif;axmufrsm;rS


ar;jref;aeMuonf/

axmuf/ / tckusif;yr,fh qE´´cH,lyGJrSm rJvdrfr,fvdkY owif;awG us,fus,f


jyefYjyefY ay: xGufaeygw,f ... tJ'geJ hywfoufjyD; &Sif;jyay;ygvm; cifAsm
...
wm0efcH/ / r[kwf&ygbl;cifAsm ... rJvdrfzdkYtpDtpOf vHk;0r&Sdygbl;/ csrSwf
xm;wJh Oya'rsm;eJYtnD usif;yay;oGm;rSmyg/
axmuf/ / aMomf [kwfuJh ... b,fvdkrsm; rJay;&rSmvJ cifAsm ....
wm0efcH/ / yxrOD;pGm rJ&HkrSm rJay;zdk hpm&if;ay;jyD; rJpm&Gufudk &,l&ygr,f/
axmufcHr,fqdk&ifawmh owfrSwfxm;wJh tuGufrSm trSefuav; jcpfvdkuf
&HkygyJ/ odyfvG,fygw,f/
axmuf/ / uefYuGufrJeJYywfowfjyD;awmh &Sif;jyay;ygOD;/
wm0efcH/ / tJ'geJYywfoufjyD;awmh usaemfhrSm ajymydkifcGifhr&Sdygbl;/ odcsif&if
txufudk tpD&ifcHay;yghr,f ....
axmuf/ / [kwfuJh ... y,frJudka&m b,fvdk owfrSwfygovJ ...
wm0efcH/ / Muufajccwfjcpfxm;wJh rJawGudk y,frJ tjzpfowfrSwfygw,f
cifAs ....

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

44
aA'ifa[mjcif;

aA'ifq&m OD;a&Tonf emrnfausmfwpfOD; jzpfonf/ wynhfav;rsm;pGm\


0dkif;0ef;ynm,lrIudk cH&oljzpfonf/

wae h- vlwOD; 0ifvmonf/

q&m / / uJ emrnfav; ajymygOD; ...

ar;ol/ / ]] ----}}

q&m/ / aMomf ... we*FaEGom;yJ ... cifAsm; MuD;yGm;udef;jrifw,f/


we*FaEGeH eJ hpwJh EdkifiHMuD; wpfEdkifiH&J hoH&Hk;a&S hrSm pm&Gufw&Gufudk udkifjyD;
vrf;avSsmuf&if aiG tpkvdkuf tjyHKvdkuf0ifjyD; emrnfausmfr,f/ tMuD;tuJ
awG&JY Munfh&I apmifrrIudk &vdrfhr,f ....

xkdol xGufoGm;jyD; aemufwpfOD; 0ifvmjyefonf/

q&m/ / uJ emrnfav; ajymygOD; ...

ar;ol/ / ]] -----}}

q&m/ / aMomf ... we*FaEGom;yJ ... cifAsm; owdxm;&r,f/


we*FaEGeH eJ hpwJh EdkifiHMuD; wpfEdkifiH&J hoH&Hk;a&S hrSm pm&Gufw&Gufudk udkifjyD;

45
vrf;avSsmuf&if tMuD;tus,f 'ku©awGYvdrfYr,f/ tzrf;tqD;jrifw,f/
axmifwef; usudef;&Sdw,f/ tMuD;tuJawG trsuf&Svdrfh r,f ....

xdkol xGufoGm;jyD;aemuf ....


wynfhrsm;u 0dkif;jyD; ar;Muavonf/

wynfhrsm;/ /q&m emrnfav;yJ ar;jyD; b,fvdk a[mvdkufwmvJ ...


we*FaEGom;csif; twlwl a[mcsufu vHk;0 qefYusifaew,faemf ...
j*dKvfpD; j*dKvfeif;aMumifhrsm;vm;/

q&m/ / tif; - rif;wdkYeJYrvJ cufygw,f/ aA'ifa[mw,fqdkwm


jyifyA[kokwav;vJ &Sd&w,fuG ... yxrvl emrnfu udkat;vGif wJ h/
'kwd,vlu OD;tkef;oef; wJhuGm .... ig bmrS rwGufbl; .. emrnfMunhfjyD;
a[mvdkufwmyJ .....

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

46
20 &mpkbbrSL;MuD;&JUtqdk/

igwdkUt&ifuqdk wdkufyJGtvDvDrSm tEdkif&wm &rfbdkvdk pdwfrsdK;eJU taocH


wdkufcJhwmuG...

om;awmfwdkUvnf; wdkufyGJwpfyJGudk &rfbdkvdkpdwfrsdK;arG;jyD; wdkuf&if EkdifudkEdkif


&r,fuG..../

21 &mpkbbrSL;MuD;&JUtqdk/

om;awmfwdkU.... &rfbdkvdk pdwfrsdK;arG;&if... tbwdkUwyfu vHk;0vufrcHbl;


aemf...[Gef;/

awoGm;r,f..../ bmrSwfaevJ/ %$^#^*!@@@*(*^^$

( wifjyol- GeneralBoz  )

47
“[,f ... 'gawmY ...” 

waeYoü “bdk;awmf rif;rw&m;MuD;”onf rdrd\ aejynfawmfopfMuD; rnfrSs


pnfum;om,maeoenf; qdkonfudk odvdkaomaMumifY trwfMuD; OD;ay:&l;
tm; ac:í ar;jref;awmfrl\/

bdk;awmf/ / “[JY? ay:&l;? igudk,fawmfjrwf aejynfawmfopfMuD;&JY vuf&dS


tajctaeudk odvdkawmfrlw,f/ armifrif; odoavmuf avSsmufwifprf;/” 

OD;ay:&l;/ /  “rSefvSyg? bkef;awmfaMumifY t&SifYaejynfawmfMuD;[m


ewfjynfeJYrSm;avmufatmif pnfum; om,m0ajym aejyDjzpfaMumif;yg/” 

bdk;awmf/ /  “tdrf;? igudk,fawmf tm;&awmfrlvSouG,f? tus,fo0ifY


&Sif;vif; avSsmufwifOD;avmY trwfMuD;/” 

OD;ay:&l;/ /  “rSefvSyg? &Hk;awmfrsm; tm;vHk;udk &efukefrS a&TYvmjyD;aMumif;


yg/ &efukefyd#uwfwdkufMuD;rS pmtkyftm;vHk;udk o,f,ljyD; aejynfawmf
yd#uwfwdkufopfMuD;tjzpf wnfaxmifjyD;aMumif;yg/ &efukefwd&pämef&HkrS
wd&pämefrsm;udkvnf; aejynfawmfwd&pämefO,smOfodkY ajymif;a&TYxm;&m tawmf
pHkpHkvifvif &dSaeygjyD ... zsmY/” 

bdk;awmf/ / “rD;rsm;aum rSef&JYvm;uGJY/”

48 
OD;ay:&l;/ /  “rSefvSyg? &efukefjrdKY&JY vSsyfppfrD;cGJwrf;rsm;udk avSsmYjyD;
aejynfawmfudk vSsyfppfrD; xdefxdefnD;ap&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif;yg” 

bdk;awmf/ / “udk;uG,fzdkY twGufaum ...” 

OD;ay:&l;/ / “rSefvSyg? &efukefu a&Twd*Hkbk&m;MuD;udkvnf; 'Dudk a&TYvmzdkY


MuH&G,f xm;ygw,f... zsmY” 

bdk;awmf/ / “aumif;ouG,f? aemufjyD; igYvlawGzdkY aysmfp&m yg;p&mawG


pDpOfay;zdkYvnf; rusefapeJYOD;uGJY/” 

OD;ay:&l;/ / “rSefvSyg? &efukefrSm&dSwJY tEdSyfcef;rsm;udkvnf; Zdrfr,frsm;yg


rusefcJYavatmif ajymif;vmcJYcdkif;jyD;ygjyD ...zsmY/” 

bdk;awmf/ / “[,f ... 'gawmY topfav;awG &Smcdkif;vuG,f ...” 

( wifjyol-  mgpo  )

49
bbMuD;aus;Zl;

cv& ( ) \ wyfom;opf oifwef;qif;yGJwGifjzpfonf/ tcrf;tem;


tpDtpOfwGif qk&&Sdaom oifwef;om;rsm;rS BuGa&mufvmaom {nfhonf
awmfrsm;ukd aus;Zlwifpum; jyefvnfajymBum;&ef tpDtpOfvnf; xnfhoGif;
xm;\/ oifwef;rqif;rDuwnf;u oifwef;rI;u qk&&Sdaom &Jabmfrsm;ukd
4if;wkdY aus;Zl;wifpum; ajymBum;&mwGif tbBuD; (AkdvfcsKyfrI;BuD;) \
*kPfaus;Zl;aBumifh 4if;wkdY ,ckuJhodkY xl;csGefxufjrufolrsm; jzpfvm&aBumif;
rjzpfrae xnfhoGif;ajymBum;&ef trdefYcsxm;\/

oifwef;qif;aomaeY/

yxr ... taumif;qHk;pHjyqk&&Sdaom oifwef;om; atmifjrifhu 

“usaemf ,ckvkd pHjyqk&&Sdjcif;[m tbBuD;&Jh *kPfaus;Zl;aBumifhjzpfygw,f/


usaemf bmbJvkyfvkyf tbBuD;ukd tjrJESvHk;oGif;jyD; vkyfwJhtwGuf tckvkd
pHjyqk &&Sdjcif;jzpfygw,f/” 

vufckyfoHrsm; wajzmif;ajzmif; ...

aemufwpfa,muf? pmayxl;csGefqk&oifwef;om; oef;Ekdif 

“usaemf tckvkd pmayxl;csGefqk &&Sdjcif;[m tbBuD;&Jh *kPfaus;Zl;aBumifh


jzpfygw,f/ usaemf pmay oifcef;pmawG avhvmrSwfom; oif,lwJhae&mrSm

50
tbBuD;ukd tjrJESvHk;oGif;wJhtwGuf tckvkd pmayxl;cGsefqk&&Sdjcif; jzpfyg
w,f/” 

vufckyfoHrsm; a&SYutwkdif; ...

aemufqHk;wpfa,muf? vufajzmifhtaumif;qHk;qk& oifwef;om; armifwl; 

“usaemf tckvkd vufajzmifhtaumif;qHk;qk &&Sdjcif;[m tbBuD;&JY*kPfaus;Zl;


aBumifhjzpfygw,f/ tJh'DaeYu usaemfypfrJhypfrSwfpuf0kdif;&JY tvnfwnfhwnfh
rSm tbBuD;&JYyHk ay:vmvkdYygbJ/” 

vufckyfoHrsm; apmapmuxuf ykdjyD; qlnHoGm;onf/

rBumrD armifwl; wyf&if;rS aysmufoGm;avonf/

( wifjyol-  Zulu  )

ynma&;pepfopf

bef;ausmfa&TEdkifiHBuD;wGif wuúúodkvfBuD; 1001 ckwnfNyD;? ynma&;udk pvkH;?


,yufvuf wdkYudkomru qvdrf (qdkrmvD,m) &aumuf (&0rf'g)
wdkYudktrSDvkdufEdkif BudK;pm;aecsdef ..

51
*sKyfBuD;/ / tdrf; .. igYEdkifiHawmfw0Srf;u wuúúodkvfBuD; 1001 ckrSm
rsdK;qufopf rD;cJjymzkH;av;awG ay:xGuf&JUvm; ynm0efBuD;/

ynm0efBuD;/ / “*sKyfBuD;wdkYzkef; rdk;odkYcsKef; ayG;ykef;aygifrSm raeom” qdkovdk


rD;cJjymzkef;av;awG tajrmuftrsm; awGY&Sdxm;aMumif;yg ..

*sKyfBuD;/ / at; ... at; ... awGY&if a&avmif;xm;vdkuf? rawmf


xawmufaeOD;r,f/

(þwGif rD;cJa&avmif; ynma&;pepfBuD; ay: xGef;vmownf;/ )

( wifjyol-  cohtet  )

Edk;wJYol owdxm; 

Vote  No  ,  Vote  No  eJY jynfolawG&JYtoHawG xGufvmawmY &0wawG?


MuHYzGYHawGuvnf;  No  wJYolawGudk rJ&HkawGrSm uifr&mawGwyfxm;jyD;
rSwfxm;r,f/ od&ifrvG,fbl; qdkwJYavoHawGeJY &yfuGufxJrSm vdkufjyD;
jcdrf;ajcmufovdkvdk pnf;&Hk;aeovdkvdk vkyfMuowJY/
'DawmY eD;&m"m;aMumufaeMuwJY vlawGuvnf; olwdkYa&SYrSm  “  Edk;  ” 
qdkwYJpum; wdk;wdk;awmif r[ rdzdkY owdxm;aeMu&w,fqdkyJ/

52
wnrSm ...
&yfuGufuav; tdyfarmusp ...
oef;acgifausmfvdkY vlajcwdwfaewJYtcsdef ...

us,fus,favmifavmif atmfvdkufwJYtoHaMumifY vlawG tdyfaysmf&mu


vefYEdk;vmMu&owJY/ 

“a[Y ... 'D&yfuGufxJrSm Edk;wJYolawG &dSovm;uG” 

bk&m; ... bk&m;? MuHYzGHYawG noef;acgifMuD;awmif pnf;&Hk;a&;rsm;


qif;aeMuovm;aygY/ vlawGvnf; wHcg;aygufu tomacsmif;MunfY,if;
&ef&SmrSmpdk;vdkY toHawmifrxGuf0HYMubl;/ nMuD;rif;MuD; rl;jyD;&rf;aewJY
udk,fawmfu vrf;ay: rSm&yfjyD; tJovdkyJ xyfxyfatmfaeowJY/

twefMumvdkY olYudk wkHYjyefwJYtoH bmrSrMum;rS ... 

“at; ...tm;vHk;tdyfae&ifjyD;a&m? quftdyfMu? Edk;aewJYol&dS&if


igeJYawGYr,f ” vdkUMudrf;0g;jyD; xGufoGm;ygowJY/

atmf ... trl;orm;udkawmif aMumufaeMu&wJY b0ygvm;aemf/

( wifjyol-  mgpo  )

53
acG;rSr[kwfwm 

“rD'D,mudk rD'D,meJYwdkufr,f”  qdkwJY AdkvfcsKyfausmfqef;&JY r[mAsL[meJY


etzu rD'D,mwdkufyGJMuD; qifETJvmwm tawmft&dSef&aeygjyD/

tJ ... tckvnf; twdkuftcHawGu  Vote  No  Campaigm  awG


vkyfvmMuawmY etzuvnf;  “urfydef;udkurfydef;eJYwdkufr,f”  qdkwm
xyfvkyfvmjyefa&mAs/ olwdkY&JY  Vote  Yes  Campaign  rSm yg0ifvIyf&Sm;
MuolawGuawmY xHk;pHtwdkif; &0wawG? MuHYzGYHawG? pGrf;tm;&SifawGyJaygY/

&yfuGufwckrSm MuHYzGHYwa,mufu  “Edk;”  orm;awGudk tm;usrcH jydKifjyD;? 


“&ufpf” “&ufpf” eJY vdkufajymvdkufwm? MumawmY pum;ryDEdkifawmYyJ “,uf” 
“,uf”  qdkjyD; jzpfoGm;owJY/ tJ'DrSm cyf&Gwf&Gwf olYbMuD;wa,mufeJY
awGYawmYwmyJ/

olu olYbMuD;udk “bMuD;vnf; ,uf&r,faemf” vdkYoGm;ajymrdwm ...


[dku bmjyefajymovJqdkawmY ... 
“[..aumif.. ,uf&atmif igu acG;rSr[kwfwm” ...wJY/

rSwfom;&ef / / acG;rsm;om (vSsmjzifY) vsufygonf/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

54
trdtrnf? tztrnf

qm*sifarmif\om;Nzpfol *sLeD,marmiftm; r'rfarmif ausmif;oGm;tyfonf?


avQmufvTmwGifa&;xm;aom tztrnf .......... ESifU trdtrnf ...... udk
NunfUNyD; q&mru r'rfarmifukd  “&l;aeovm;”  [kar;onf/ r'rfarmifu 
“q&mr owif;pmrzwfbl;vm;”  [kNyefar;vkdufonf/ cspfpGmaom pmzwf
y&dwfowfMuD;a&m owif;pmzwfbl;ygu r'rfarmifNznfUvdkufaom
*sLeD,marmif\ tztrnfESifUtrdtrnfudk odMurnfNzpfygonf?? tu,fí
rodao;yguþya[Vd\tajzudk pmrsufESm ( 56 ) wGif &SmMunfYMuyg/

arwåmcH,lvQuf
&wemarmif

bbMuD;&JU Mo0g' (jzpf&yfrSef)

&efukefjrdKUawmfrS aeylawmfodkU 0efMuD;XmeawGpjyD;ajymif;wJhtcsdefayghAsm...

taqmuftOD;topfawGrSm ae&mxdkifcif;pDpOf...a&TUvmwJhypönf;awG ae&mcs


vkyfaewkef;..

bbMuD;MuGvmw,fqdkawmh.... t&m&Sdtbdk;MuD;awGu vuftkyfrcsDcsifyJ...


csDjyD;...

55
bbMuD;&JUMo0g'udk cH,lcsifa,mifaqmifaepOfrSm....

bbMuD;&JU yg;pyfawmfrS 'Dvdkpum;ajymoGm;ygw,f....

rif;wdkUawG avmavmq,fysif;ae&if opfyifawGeJU pum;ajymaetHk;ayghuGm


.... wJh...

bbMuD;jyefMuGoGm;wJhtcsdefrSm.... t&m&Sdtbdk;MuD;awGu wpfa,mufrsufESm

wpfa,mufMunfhjyD;.... yg;pyfta[mif;om;eJU usef&pfcJhygw,f... t&m&Sd

tbdk;MuD;awG tm;vHk;u pdwfxJrSm....

aMomf... wdkif;jynftkyfcsKyf rif;vkyf aewm... 'DvdkvlMuD;ygvm;.... wJh..../ /

( wifjyol- GeneralBoz  )

udk&wemarmif&JY ya[Vdtajz

tztrnf - wyfrawmf
trdtrnf – wyfrawmf

56
bufrSm;vdkY

wdkif;jynftjuD;tuJwOD;onf rdrd\emrnfeSifh*kPfudk jrSifwifcsifonfh


twGuf udk,fhyHkudk wHqdyfacgif;tjzifh xkwfa0cJhonf/ xkwfa0jyD; wv
tjumwGif a&mif;tm;aumif;raumif; pmwdkufjuD;odkY udk,fwdkifoGm;a&muf
pHkprf;cJhonf/

tjuD;tuJ..... “ighyHkeJY wHqdyfacgif; a&mif;tm;aumif;vm;a[h” 

pmwdkufrSk;...... “aumif;ygw,f......'gayr,fh wHqdyfacgif;u? aumf odyfruyf


bl;vdkY ajymjuw,f/” 

tjuD;tuJ...... “rjzpfedkifwm” 

udk,fwdkif wHqdyfacgif;wckudk ,ljyD;? aemufausmudk wHaxG; axG;um


pmtdwfay:wGif uyfjunfhvdkufonf/

tjuD;tuJ........ “uyfwmrS jrJaewmyJ” 

pmwdkufrSk;....... “olwdkYu wHaxG;udk wHqdyfacgif;a&SYbufrSm axG;juvdkhyg/” 

( wifjyol-  xinyaw13  )

57
usK;ypfawGtwGufolaX;jzpfenf;

( uRefawmfMum;cJh&wJh tGefvdkif;u&w,fqdkwJh[moav;yg )

rSL;BuD;u oleJYausmif;aezufoli,fcsif;a[mif;oHk;a,mufudkawGUawmY ...

rSL;NuD;/ /]rif;wdkoHk;a,mufMunfU&wm odyftqifajyMuyHkray:bl;... ajym


...igbmulnD&rvJ}}
yxrwpfa,muf/ / ]ighudk um;wpfpD;avmufay;ygvm;uGm}

rSL;BuD;/ /]at;uGm rif;BudKufwJhum;wpfpD; ,loGm;vdkufuGm}

'kwd,wpfa,muf/ / ]iguawmh tdrfwpfvHk;avmuf vdkcsifw,fuGm}

rSL;BuD;/ / ]aumif;NyD ig pDpOfay;vdkufr,f}

wwd,wpfa,muf/ / ]iguawmh odyfrvdkygbl;/ rif;"gwfyHkBuD;BuD;udk


abmifeJY vdkcsifw,fuGm}

rSL;BuD;/ / ][ ... tqef;ygvm;/ aumif;NyDuGm ighyHkwpfckay;vdkufr,f}

tJ'Dvdk tultnDawGay;vdkufNyD; aemufajcmufvtMumrSm olUoli,fcsif;


oHk;a,mufeJYjyefqHkawmh?
um;awmif;wJholi,fcsif;u um;a&mif;vdkufwJh ydkufqHukefoGm;vdkU
t&iftwdkif;yJ jyefjzpfaew,f/

tdrfawmif;wJhvlvnf; t&iftwdkif;yJ tqifrajyjyefbl;/

xl;xl;jcm;jcm; "gwfyHkabmifeJUawmif;wJh oli,fcsif;u 0wfaumif;pm;aumif;


eJY um;awGzkef;awGeJY jzpfaewmawGY&w,f/ rSL;BuD;vnf; tHhMovdkU ar;Munfh

58
awmh? olu ]rif;rodcsifygeJUuGm igtqifajy&if rif;0rf;omayghuGm} vdkYyJ
ajymoGm;w,f/

rSL;BuD;odyfpdwf0ifpm;oGm;w,f/ aemufaeYusawmh olYwynfhwpfa,mufudk


oGm;pHkprf;cdkif;w,f/ olUwynfhjyefvmawmh ]olUtdrfoGm;Munfhwm awmfawmf
csrf;omwmudkawGU&w,f/ bmtvkyfvkyfvJ qdkwmrod&bl;/ tdrftaemuf
xJudk vlawG0if0ifoGm;wmyJ awGUcJhw,f} vdkYjyeftpD&ifcHw,f.../

rSL;BuD;u “rif;vnf;tdrftaemufxJvdkuf0ifNyD;pHk;prf;acs” vdkYcdkif;vdkufw,f/

tJ'Dawmh olYwynfhu tdrftaemufxJxd tjcm;olawGeJYvdkuf0ifoGm;awmh


vlawGtrsm;BuD;? wef;pDapmifhaewJhvlawGtrsm;BuD;yJ/

olUtvSnfha&mufawmh tcef;xJ0ifMunhfawmhrS........

tcef;Murf;jyifrSm rSL;NuD;&JY}"gwfyHkudkcsxm;w,f/ eH&HrSma&;xm;wmu...

1/ xdyfwHawG;eJUwkdUcsif&iff 5000

2/ zaemifheJUaygufcsif&if 10000

3/ ½SL;½SL;aygufcsif&if 30000

vdkYa&;xm;wmudk awGYvdkuf&ygw,f ...wJY/

( wifjyol- tu,f'rD )

59
'DaeY olr&l;yg/

wcgu tjuD;tuJonf pdwÅZaq;&Hkodkh oGm;a&muf junfh&IcJhonf/


aq;&Hk&Sdvlemrsm;u tjuD;tuJudk awGYonfeSifh..  “tjuD;tuJ usef;rmygap
...aeaumif;ygap....oufawmf&Snfygap...”  [k aumif;csD;ay;um judkqdkju
onf/ odkYaomf vlemwOD;rSm bmrSrajymbJ tjuD;tuJtm; rsufeSmvJTjyD;
aeonf/ tjuD;tuJu jrifaomf  “  'Dvlemu igYudkjrifwmawmif rjudkqdk
ygvm;” [k aq;&Hktkyftm; ar;vdkufonf/

aq;&Hktkyf jyefajzvdkufonfrSm  “  vlem&Jhpdwf 'DaeY tajctaeaumif;


aew,f ” [lownf;/

( wifjyol- xinyaw13  )

tm;vHk;aysmfMu&atmif

wpfcgu edkifiHawmftjuD;tuJ acgif;aqmifoHk;OD;[m &[wf,mOfpD;jyD; edkifiH


tajctaeudk avYvmzdkY vSnfhvnfcJhw,f/

yxr tjuD;tuJ  “  wu,fvdkY tckcsdefrSm igom aiGwpfaxmifwefwpf&Guf


ypfcsvdkuf&if aumuf&wJhvlu t&rf;aysmfrSmyJ”

60
'kwd, tjuD;tuJ  “  wu,fvdkY igom 500wefeSpf&Guf ypfcsvdkuf&if
vleSpfa,mufaysmf&r,f” 
wwd, tjuD;tuJ  “wu,fvdkh igom 10wefq,f&Guf ypfcsvdkuf&if
vlq,fa,muf aysmf&r,f” 

olwdkYtcsif;csif; ajymaewJh pum;udkjum;awmh av,mOfrI;u tckvdk


ajymvdkufowJh... 

“tjuD;tuJwdkh oHk;OD;vHk;om ckefcsvdkuf&if edkifiHrSm&SdwJh vlawGtm;vHk;


aysmfjurSmyJ” [lownf;/

( wifjyol- xinyaw13  )

uav;wdkYodwJY ol&Jaumif;

wpfcgu oGm;avol bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u rlvwef;ausmif;av;wpfausmif;ukd


rmvfwDrD'D,m uvkdpfU&Grf;qdkvm; zGifUyGJ&SdvdkUoGm;owJU/ zGifUyGJtNyD;rSm
ausmif;tkyfMuD;eJUtwl bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u ausmif;om;awGudk&if;&if;ESD;ESD;eJU
EIwfqufygowJU/
ausmif;ol?ausmif;om;awGuvnf; vuftkyfav;awGcsDNyD; bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;
qdkNyD;EIwfqufNueJUaygU/

61
tJ ... bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u b,fvdkpdwful;aygufoGm;w,frod? Nrefrm&mZ0if
xJu xif&Sm;ausmfMum;wJU ol&Jaumif;MuD;wpfa,mufavmuf aNymNyygOD;
vkdUar;owJU/
ausmif;om;? ausmif;olawGqDu bmoHrSrxGufvmawmU ausmif;tkyfMuD;
rsufESm[m qD;&GufavmufyJ&SdawmUowJU/

bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;/ /  “om;wdkUorD;wdkU arUaeMuw,fxifw,f/ bb


tpazmfay;r,f/ tJ'Dol&Jaumif;MuD;u "m;a&;vSHa&; uRrf;usifw,fav/
olemrnfu usef eJUpw,fav ...” 

qkdawmU ...

ausmif;om;av;wpfa,mufu olodw,fqkdwJY t"dyÜm,feJU vufaxmifNy


awmUrS ausmif;tkyfMuD;vJ &ifxJutvkH;MuD; usoGm;ygowJU/ 'gayrJU
bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u  “om;od&if aNzprf;ygOD;uG”  vdkUaNymvdkufvdkU wynfU
Nzpfol&JUtaNzpum;udkMum;NyD; ausmif;tkyfMuD;a&m bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;ygrsufESm
rnf;ueJ NzpfoGm;ygowJU/

armifnDrav;wdkUa&
ausmif;om;av;aNzvdkufwJU Nrefrm&mZ0ifxJu xif&Sm;ausmfMum;wJU
ol&Jaumif;MuD;wpfa,mufuawmU usefausmif; ygwJUuG,f/

armifnDrav; wdkUvJ tJ'DNrefrmol&Jaumif;MuD;udk rarUMueJUaemf/ /

( wifjyol-  yadanarmg  )

62
pum;aNymaom AdkvfcsKyf

wpfcgaom tcgu AkdvfcsKyfMuD;cifnGefY acwfaumif;pOftcguayghAsm/


w&uf AkdvfcsKyfMuD;u wyfrawmfaeYtwGuf Nyifqifxm;wJh awmfvSefa&;
yef;NcHukd vSnfhywfMunfh&SK ppfaq;aew,fwJh/ olwpfa,mufxJ pdwfvGwf
ukd,fvGwf Munfhae&if;rS AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; &kyfxka&SYa&mufvmygowJh/
&kwfw&uf ...
" a[haumif .. cifnGefY "
qkdwJhtoHxGufvmw,f/ &kwfw&uf olvnf; a'goxGufNyD; b,fol
ac:vnf;qkdNyD; [kda0hMunfh .. 'Da0hMunfheJaygh/ aemufrS olYukd ac:aewm
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; &kyfxkMuD;u Nzpfaeygyaum/ olvnf; &kyfxkMuD;ukd
aMumifawmifawmifeJY ai;Munfhaewkef; ... 
" a[haumif cifnGefY .. igtckvkd rwfwwf&yfaewm Mumawmh anmif;vmNyD/
rif;wkdYighukd av;pm;ao;w,fqkd&if ightwGuf Nrif;wpfaumif &Smay;yg "
vdkY ajymowJh/

tJh'geJYaemufawmh AkdvfcifnGefYvnf; AdkvfcsKyfausmuf&kyfu pum;aNymw,f


qdkwmudk csufcsif;yJ wyfcsKyfMuD; ukdoGm;owif;ay;wmaygh/ wyfcsKyfMuD;u
r,kH&Smbl;wJh/ ausmuf&kyfu pum;aNymwm rNzpfEkdifbl; .. bmbl;aygh/
tJh'geJY AdkvfcifnGefYuvnf; olYq&mukd . .q&mr,kH&if yef;NcHxJvkdufMunfhyg
.. ausmuf&kyfu pum;aNymaewmukd awGYvdrfhr,faygh/ aemufqkH;awmh
wyfcsKyfMuD;vnf; [kwfvkd[kwfnm; .. AdkvfcifnGefYac:&mukd vkdufoGm;w,f/

63
tJ .. wyfcsKyfMuD;vnf; AkdvfcsKyf&kyfxka&SYvnf; a&mufaum ..
ausmuf&kyfMuD;u t&iftwkdif;yJ/ pum;vnf; raNymbl;wJh/ tJh'geJY
wyfcsKyfMuD;vnf; pdwfawGt&rf;qkd;NyD; AkdvfcifnGefYukd csufcsif; &mxl;u
tem;ay;vkdufw,f / ( r,kHr&SdeJY / AdkvfcifnGefY NyKwfwm tJh'gaMumifh .. )

aemufaeYMuawmh &mxl;u avmavmvwfvwf NyKwfxm;wJh AdkvfcifnGefY


wpfa,muf a'geJYarmeJY AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;aMu;&kyfqDukd a&mufvmyg
a&mwJh/ a&mufa&mufcsif;yJ ... 
"  AkdvfcsKyfu uRefawmfhukd nmw,fAsm/ pum;aNymwwf&Jhom;eJY bmvkdY
raeYu pum;raNymNywmvJ "
wJh/ tJh'DrSm AdkvfcsKyfNyefaNymvkdufwmu ... 
" cifnGefY .. igu rif;ukd Nrif;wpfaumifyJ &Smckdif;vkdufwm/ rif;u EGm;MuD;
ac:vmwmukd;uG "

vkdY qdkygowJh/

( wifjyol-  exotic  )

64
'DvdkjrifrS trSefqHk;

'DaeU bwfum;ay:uae NrifcJU&wmav;yg/

tck avmavmq,f0wfMubdkU pufrI(1)uxkwfwJU wD&SyfawG aq;wHqdyf


&dkufaewmyg/ aq;a&mif&dkufxm;wmu trSefNcpf yHkMuD;yg/

'D trSefNcpf yHkMuD;u ? wD&Syfta&SUbufrSmvJ trSefNcpfMuD; ? wD&Syf


taemufbufrSmvJ ? trSefNcpfMuD; As ? tMuD;MuD;bJ/

'D wD&SyfawGudk aq;&dkuf ? a&avSsmfNyD; ? tNyifrSm wef;pD xkwfvSrf;xm;wm


wD&Syfu a&pdkaeNyD;? a&SUydkif;eJUaemufydkif; uyfaewm? trSefNcpfMuD; (2) cku
uefUvefUNzwfMuD; ? trSm;NcpfMuD;yHk Nzpfaeygvm;As/

awGUwJUvlwdkif;u ? tJ'gudk ? vufndK; xdk;xdk;NyD; ? &DaevdkufMuwmAsm/

trSefNcpfudk ? raocsmrSmpdk;vdkU ? b,fwcg? nmwcg ? ESpfcgrSefvdkufygrS/

trSefqHk; NzpfoGm;awmUwmudk;As/ [D; ? [D; /

( wifjyol-  azawgyi  )

65
ol&Jaumif;av;a,muf

wcgwkef;u usaemfhtazu olYwynfh 1 a,mufNzpfwJh ordkif;ar*smeJY


ausmif;NyD;xm;oludk ]]rif; .. ordkif;ar*smeJY ausmif;NyD;xm;wmqdkawmh ....
yk*Hacwf ol&Jaumif; 4 OD;u b,folawGqdkwmaNymprf;uGm ... }} qdkNyD;
ar;awmh .... wynfhvkyfwJholu ]][m ... q&muvnf; vG,fvG,fav; ...}}
qdkNyD; ...

usefppfom; ...&,f

iaxG&l; ...&,f .

ivHk;vz,f ... &,f ...

teJi,fpOf;pm;NyD; .... aemufqHk; 1 a,mufudkaNymcsvdkufwmu

iZifum &,fyg q&m ... }} tJvdk aNymcsvdkufygava&mwJhAsm ....

anmifOD;zD;udk olrodawmh ... tay:u vlawGu emrnftprSm ]i} awGeJY


pxm;awmh olvnf; &rf;&GD;vdkufyHk&ygw,f .... awmfawmfav;udk
awmfygayw,f ... yk*HacwfrSm ay:wl*DBuD; aoewfwum;um; ...
taNr§mufBuD; w&rf;&rf;eJY ....

tJ'g rlvwef;ausmif;om; r[kwfbl;aemf ... bGJU&xm;NyD;om; vl 1


a,mufNzpfyg\/ ...

(wifjyol- iZifPmef;)

66
jiif;y,f&jcif;taMumif;&if;

uGsefawmfESifY uGsefawmfYoli,fcsif;wdkY em*pfrkefwdkif;taMumif; ajymaerdMu


ygonf/

uGsefawmf/ / aoaMucJY&wm aomif;eJYcsDcJYwm wu,fYudk pdwfraumif;


p&myJAsm/ MudKwifumuG,fa&;awGom vkyfay;cJY&if 'Davmufxd qHk;&HI;rSm
r[kwfbl;As/

oli,fcsif; / / aemufydkif; u,fq,fa&;vkyfwm tm;enf;vdkY xyfaorSmu


ydkrsm;vdrfYr,fxifw,f/

uGsefawmf / / tckvnf; tultnDay;r,fY vluawmif ADZm&zdkY c,ae&r,fY


taygufAsm/

oli,fcsif; / / tar&duefudk olwdkY b,favmufrkef;rkef;? 'ku©o,fawG


twGuf pOf;pm;jyD; u,fq,fa&;tultnDudk vufcHzdkYaumif;ygw,fAsm/

uGsefawmf / / at;Asm? jynfolawG'ku©udk jrif&JYom;eJY bmvdkY'Davmufawmif


cg;cg;oD;oD; jiif;ae&vJ em;vnfvdkYudk r&bl;Asm/

xdkpOf teD;tem;wGif wDAGD*drf;upm;aeaom oli,fcsif; om;av;\


0ifajymvdkufaom pum;aMumifY uGsefawmfwdkYESpfa,muf yg;pyfta[mif;om;
jzpfoGm;&ygonf/ 

“',f'DwdkYuvnf;Asm? &rfbdkygvmrSmaMumufvdkY aerSmaygY” ...wJY/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

67
tdrfwGif;a&;

tckvdk tcsdefrsdK;rSm 'DxJ 0ifa&;&wm pdwfodyfroefY ovdkyJ/ 'gayr,fhvnf;


&Dp&mxuf armp&mu ydkrsm;wJh taMumif;av;wpfck ajymjycsifvdkYyg/

rkefwdkif;NyD;umpu taemufEdkifiHawGu tultnDay;zdkY urf;vSrf;aewJh


tcsdefrSm? w½kwfeJU ½k&Sm;u avoHav;awmif r[awmh? usaemfu tJ'D
udpöudk wAspfawmufawmuf ajymaewmeJU? usaemfhtudku .....

]]rif;uvnf;uGm olwdkYu olrsm;tdrfwGif;a&;udk 0ifrpGufzufcsifvdkY


aerSmaygh}} wJh/

tif;ayghav? olwdkYwawGu ]]olrsm;tdrfwGif;a&;? rpGufzufa&;}} oabmwl


nDcsuf ,lxm;wJh olawGudk;/

( wifjyol- armifbwf )

68
Disaster tppf

jrefrmjynfrkefwdkif;aMumifY tm;vHk;aMuuGJaewm rSefayr,fY waeYu


oli,fcsif;eJYpum;pyfrdvdkY ajymjzpfwmav;yg/ &Dp&m r[kwfvSayr,fY
tckcsdefrSm aoG;xGufatmif rSefaewmeJY wifvdkufygw,f/

++++++

aMumifaMumif/ / 'Dwcg jrefrmjynfudk0ifwJY rkefwdkif;u igwdkY odoavmuf


ordkif;rSm tqdk;0g;qHk;  Disaster  yJ.....

oli,fcsif;/ / tqdk;qHk;??? [kwfvdkYvm;... rif;uvJ... aocsm


jyefpOf;pm;ygOD;....

aMumifaMumif/ / [kwfygw,fuG... igwdkYwoufrSm 'Davmufqdk;wm


MuHKzl;vdkYvm;.... (aMumifaMumif wpfa,muf oli,fcsif;u jyefar;vdkY
wu,facgif;ajcmufoGm;wmyg )

oli,fcsif;/ / rif;ajymwmrSm;w,f... wu,fY tqdk;qHk;  Disaster  tppfu


vGefcJYwJY eSpf-20 ppftpdk;&wufuxJu jzpfaewmuG.....

( wifjyol- aMumifaMumif )

69 
ijyL;awGujyJ&w,f &Sdao;Asm...

avab;'ku©onfawGtwGuf yxraeUu t0wftpm;awG uDvdk 200


xnfhay;vdkufwm tqifajyygw,f... 'kwd,aeU uDvdk 600 avmuf
xnfhay;vdkufwmudk taumufcGefu &pfw,fwJhav... xkwfcGifhr&Sdbl;...
oifay;xm;wJhtwdkif; uRefawmfwdkUe,fu trsdK;awGtwGuf oli,fcsif;awG
u vSLzdkUay;vdkufvdkUyg qdkwmvJ vSLcGifhr&Sdbl;wJhAsm... olwdkUvuf
tyf&r,fwJh... 'geJU o,fvmwJholawGuvJ rvSL&&ifae cifAsm;wdkU
vufxJawmhrtyfEdkifbl;qdkawmh? tajctaeu wif;rmvmovdk tjyifu
u,fq,fa&;twGuf t0wftxnfvufcHr,ftzGJUawGuvJ apmifhaeMuawmh
aemufqHk; taumufcGefu u,fq,fa&;tzGJU0ifawGudk 'Dt0wftpm;awG
'ku©onfawGqDudk aocsmaygufa&mufatmif wm0ef,lNyD; vSL'gef;r,fh
taMumif; cH0efcsufxdk;cdkif;NyD;rS xkwfay;vdkufw,fwJh....

tr,frif; olwdkUuyJ jynfolUvufxJ aocsmaygufa&mufap&r,fhtaMumif;


vufrSwfxkd;cdkif;&w,fvdkU...

usL;ypfwdkUa& rjyHK;bJ 0g;vHk;uGJatmif &,fcGifhjyKygaemf...

(wifjyol- solidsnake  )

70
'Drdkua&pDudkrBudKufvdkY

vlESpfa,mufpum;ajymNyD;vrf;avQmufvmonf.....
yxrvl - a[haumifrif;rJoGm;ay;rSmvm; ?
'kwd,vl - ay;rSmayghuG? 'gutoufjynfhNyD;om; EdkifiHom;wdkif;vkyf&wmyJ.
yxrvl - 'geJY rif;bmrJay;rsm;vnf; ...
'kwd,vl - uefYuGufrJay;rSmaygh ..
yxrvl -a[haumif&?rif;udk ppfvm; ap;vm; vkyf&ifb,fvdkvkyfrvnf; ...
'kwd,vl  –  igYudk bmvdkYuefYuGufwmvnf;vdkY vmar;&if ]] om;u
'Drdkua&pDudkrBudKufbl; ... tckvuf&SdtmPm&SiftkyfcsKyfa&;yJ BudKufw,fvYdk
..}} ajymvdkufrSmaygh/

( wifjyol- gdchaos  )

MudKwifrJ

vlESpfa,muf owif;pmzwf,if; ajymaeMujcif; jzpfygonf/

yxrvl/ / AdkvfcsKyfodef;pdefu u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;awG uGyfuJzdkY tvkyfrsm;


aewmawmif MudKwifrJray;yJ aejynfawmfjyefjyD; rJay;w,faemf/

'kwd,vl/ / atmf? MudKwifrJay;&if olYudkvnf; ZGwf trSefjcpfcdkif;rSm


aMumufvdkYaerSmaygY/

( wifjyol-  mgpo  )

71
tvSLY&Sifemrnf

vlESpfa,muf tifwmeufay:wGif  chatting  vkyfaeMuaom pum;rsm;


jzpfygonf/

yxrvl/ / AdkvfcsKyfjrifYaqG urÇmausmfatmif t&SufuGJoGm;&wJY owif;


zwfjyD;jyDvm;/ ,dk;',m;uae vSLvdkufwJY ypönf;awGudk oluyJ vSL'gef;
ovdkvdk olYemr,fwyfjyD; a0cdkif;wJY taMumif;av/

'kwd,vl/ / 'Davmufav;rsm; cifAsm;yk*¾dKvfu jzKHawmifjzKHr,f rxifygbl;


Asm/ olwdkYrSm &SufaMumjywfaewm MumvSjyDyJ/

yxrvl/ / jzHK&r,fudk,fYvl? tJ'Dowif;Mum;jyD; AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;u


pdwfqdk;awmfrlaeowJYav/

'kwd,vl/ / bmvdkYvJ? tJ'Dvdk nmwmudk rMudKufvdkYvm;/

yxrvl/ / r[kwfbl;/ tvSL&SifemrnfrSm oleJYMudKifMudKifY emrnfudk

rwyfvdkYwJY/

( wifjyol-  mgpo  )

72
rod&ifrar;&

vlwpfa,mufBuHcdkifa&;(BuHzGwf)&kH;xJudk0ifvmw,f ...

pma&;rav; 1 a,mufudkawG hwmeJar;vdkufw,f ...

aumif;av;/ / ]] tpfr uGsefawmfwdk hi,fi,fwkef;uav ausmif;awGrSm


ausmif;om;awGudk BuHcdkifa&;toif;0ifcdkif;w,fav ..}}

pma&;r/ / ]] [kwfw,fav ... bmjzpfvdkvnf; .. }}

aumif;av;/ / ]] uGsefawmfYpm&if;&Sdao;vm;vdkY vmar;wmyg }}

pma&;r/ / ]] cP ...... &Sdao;w,farmifav; pdwfryleJ ... 'geJY


bmvdkYtckrSvmar;&wmvnf;}}

aumifav;/ / ]]bm&,fr[kwfygbl;? tckrJqE´cH,lyGJrSm uGsefawmf


bmrJay;vnf; odcsifvdkYyg}}

( wifjyol- gdchaos  )

73
a&vmvdkY

ausmufajrmif;om;/====/ a[haumif&? rif;wkdUqDrSm rD;vmaeNyDqkd/ ( tHhMo


[efjzifh )

ausmufwHwm;om;/====/ [kwfw,fuG/

ausmufajrmif;om;/====/ rif;wkdUu uHaumif;w,fuGm/a&vJvm rD;vJvm?


igwkdUrSmom ...

ausmufwHwm;om;/====/ rif;wkdUuvnf; vG,fvG,fav;[mudk/ a&vmvkdU


rD;vmwmuG/

( wifjyol- botchan  )

tudkbmygvJ

avqdyfu 0efxrf;aumif;awG taMumif;zwf&awmh pkcspfoli,fcsif; jzpfyHkudk


jyefowd&jyD; jyHK;rdw,f/ [dk;wkef;u  Q2  pass  qdkd rdef;rawG? bmawG
vdkufaevdkY&wmr[kwf... yGJpm;eJYvmwJholqdk&ifvnf;..... ...ydkufqHawGpkjyD;rS...
jrefrmjynfjyefMu&awmh tenf;qHk; 2ESpfavmufaejyD;rS jyefavh&SdMuw,f/
tJ'Dawmh...oljrefrmjynfudk...yxrqHk;tacgufjyefawmh rawGYwmMumjyDjzpfwJh
rdom;pkeJY.... rdef;rtwGuf? olYom;twGuf ? oli,fcsif;awGtwGuf qdkjyD;
acsmuvufawG? vufaqmifawG trsm;MuD; ygoGm;wmayghaemf/ 'gayrJh
taumufcGefjidwm bmrS rygbl;av/ xHk;pHtwdkif; ....taumufcGefvJ
a&mufa&m....ar;awmhwmyJ/

74
tudk bmygvJwJh/

'Dawmh olu.... [m.. ygwmawmh rar;eJYAsm.. trsm;MuD;yJ/


acsmuvufawG?ygwdwfxrDawG... jyD;awmh... pD;u&ufwawmifh... t&uf
wykvif;.../

qdkvJqdka&m...tJ'Duyk*¾dkKvffawG&JY..rsufvkH;awGqdk....ta&mifawGawmufukefwm
aygh aemf.../

olwdkYudk ay;r,frSwfvdkY..../

tJ'D oli,fcsif;u...wu,fu *spfuefuef&,f/ r[kwfwm vmvkyfvdkY


uawmh..odyfjyD;aMumufwwf..tm;emwwfwmvJ[kwfbl;/
olu.. bmqufjyD;ajymvJqdkawmh....

'gayrJh..acsmuvufu..usKyfom;twGuf...ygwdwfu.. usKyftareJYrdef;r
twGuf... pD;u&ufu usKyfoli,fcsif;awGtwGuf... t&ufu usKyf
q&morm;twGuf.. cifrsm;wdkYzdkYawmh r[kwfbl;vdkY..

av,mOfwuGif;vHk;Mum;&atmif tmjyJoHMuD;eJYajymjyD;..... vSnf;udkwGef;jyD;


xGufvmvdkufwm.. tdwf'DvlawG..... yg;pyfta[mif;om;..... bmrS.. rajym
EdkifawmhyJ usefcJhMuowJhav.../

(wifjyol- suuchit  )

75
( aMu;rHkowif;pmyg aMunmcsufrS ) 

“obm0 ab;tEå&m,fusa&mufaom a'orsm;&Sd jynfolrsm;twGuf


usefrma&; owday;EId;aqmfcsuf” 

(1) &moDOwk'PfcHEdkifwJh trdk;tumatmufrSm aeMu&ef?


(2) aEG;axG;aom t0wftpm;rsm;udk 0wfqifyg/
(3) a&udk usKdaomufyg/ odkYr[kwf uvdk&if; cwfaomufyg/
(4) oefY&Sif;vwfqwfaom ylaEG;wJh tpm;tpmrsm;udkom pm;okH;Muyg/
(5) ,ifvkHtdrfomudk okH;pGJMuyg/

(t,f'DwmYxH jyefpmwapmifrS )

vlMuD;rif;wdkY\ EdI;aqmfcsuft& uGsefawmfwdkYavab;'ku©onfrsm;[m


usef;rma&;tod tjynfY&dSaeMujyDjzpfygonf/ xdkodkYvdkufemEdkif&ef rnfolu
rnfodkYulnDMurnfudkvnf; &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; azmfjyay;apvdkygw,fcifAsm;/

(wifjyol- mgpo  )

76
jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef 

“jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef”jzifY ratmifjrifaom qdk&S,fvpfpepfudk wnfaqmuf


cJYonfY OD;ae0if;\wynfY ... “jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef”  'Drdkua&pDpepftwkudk
ZGwfcsDwufaeaom OD;oef;a&T onf ...

,ck em*pfrkefwdkif;udpöwGifvnf;  “jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef”jzifY u,fq,fa&;


vkyfMu&ef nTefMum;xm;ay&m ...

vufawGYtaumiftxnfazmfay;Muaom olYi,fuGsefMuD;rsm;uvnf; wjcm;


urÇmYEdkifiHrsm;\ vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;ESifY uGJjym;pGm ...

-EdkifiHjcm;tultnDrsm;? uGsrf;usifolrsm; 0if&cufatmif vkyfxm;jcif;?


-olrsm;vSLxm;aom ypönf;rsm;udk rdrdwdkYemrnftm; tvSLY&Sifemrnf wyfjyD;rS
a0cdkif;jcif;?
-olwyg;vSLxm;aom ypönf;rsm;udk a&mif;pm;jcif;?

-tavmif;rsm;udk ajrjrKyf&rnfYtpm; a&xJjyefarSsmjyD; ajz&Sif;jcif; tp&dSaom


rawmfwa&mf vkyfenf;rsm;jzifY aqmif&Gufaeonfudk awGY&ay&m ...

uGsEkfyfwdkYjynfolrsm;taeESifYvnf;  Burmese  classic  rS yk*¾dKvfMuD;\


enf;vrf;udk iSm;oHk;jyD;?  “jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef”jzifY qHk;rcdkif;csifpdwfrsm;om
wzGm;zGm; ay:aygufae&ygawmYonf/

(wifjyol-  mgpo  )

77
OD;armYvmjyD

txufygowif; *sdKukwf&l;MuD;oef;a&TxH aygufMum;oGm;aomtcg


olYi,fuRefrsm;udk þokdYajAmifvdrfawmhonf/

]tck[m pyful;ryful;umvrdkYyguGm/ rluaumif;ygw,f? vlawGu


raumif;vdkYyg? tajctaeawGu OD;armhvmygjyD} (OD;armhrSmaygh aemufuyJhu
pHk;pHk;jrKyfaejyDudk; )

( wifjyol-  coolcupid  )

&l;wmcsif;wlayr,fY

ar; / / OD;apmarmif aygufu&awGavSsmufajymwkef;uawmY &l;oGm;vdkYqdkjyD;


&mxl;ujyKwfoGm;w,faemf/ tck OD;oef;a&T bk&if&l;&l;jyD; aygufu&awG
avSsmufvkyfawmY &mxl;urjyKwfbl;/ tJ'g bmYaMumifYvJ/

ajz / / olu ppfwef;vsm;jyefr,fvdkY uwdray;cJYbl;av/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

78
uav;ajcmufenf;

i,fi,fwkef;u tpm;taomuf jzKef;wD;wJhuav;awG? qkd;wJh uav;awGukd


rdb tkyfxdef;olawGu 'Dvkd ajcmufw,f? eifwkdh'Davmuf rqkd;eJh? rjzKef;wD;eJh?
eif;wkdhukd rD&mz&m? tDoD,kd;yD; ,m; ykdhjypfvkdufr,fqkdjyD;/

tck wjcm; EkdifiHu rdbawG olwkdh uav;awGukd ajcmufjcif&if ...

eifwkdhukd jrefrmjynfykdhvkdufr,f? bmrSwfvnf;?

( wifjyol-  Zulu  )

aomuuif;a0;aeEdkifa&;

vlem / / q&m? uGsefawmf pdwfaomuawGzdpD;aevdkY aysmufatmif


b,fvdkvkyf&rvJq&m/
q&m0ef / / cifAsm; a&'D,dkawG rSefrSefem;axmifovm;/ owif;pmawG
rSefrSefzwfvm;/
vlem / / [kwfuJY? zwfygw,fq&m/

q&m0ef / / [kwfjyD 'gqdk&if tJ'gawGtm;vHk;udk jzwfvdkufawmY/


tpdk;&wDADGeJY owif;pmawGudk rMunfYawmY&if owif;vdrfawG jrifvdkY
Mum;vdkY xGufr,fY a'goawGvnf; rxGufawmYbl;/ bDbDpDwdkY 'DAGDbDwdkYudkyg
em;raxmifawmY rMunfYawmY&if ydkaumif;w,f/ wu,fjzpfaewmawGudkyg
rjrif&? rMum;&awmY pdwfrqif;&J&bl;aygY/

79
owif;pmzwfjcif;tusdK;

{&m0wDwdkif;rS 'ku©onfwOD;onf 14.5.08 aeYxkwf aMu;rHkowif;pmudk


zwfMunfYrdí txufygw&kwfajrivsifowif;udk awGYvdkuf&onfwGif
pOf;pm;rdonfrSm ...

atmf ... w&kwfawG igwdkYxuf uHqdk;ygvm;? olwdkYwyfawG pD;p&m


&[wf,mOfawmif r&dSvdkY rdkif 60 awmif ajcvsifavSsmufjyD;rS
u,fwJYolawGqDa&mufw,f/ igwdkYqDrSmawmY &[wf,mOf (7)pD;MuD;eJYawmif
vdkufu,fEdkifowJY/

xdkodkYawG;vdkufrdrS tenf;i,fpdwfoufom&oGm;jyD; u,fq,fa&;qef


atmufodk;odk;ESifY csufxm;aomxrif;udk jrdef,SufpGm oHk;aqmifavawmY
ownf;/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

80
0#fvnfr,f

em*pf jzpfjyD; jrefrmjynfrSm a&yef;pm;aewmav;yg/

vrf;wGif rdef;rMuD; 2 a,mufawG.Mu&m .....

yxrrdef;rMuD; / / em*pfwdkufvdk. aoMuaMuMuwmudk vlwdkif; 0rf;enf;


aeMuw,faemf/

'kwd,rdef;rMuD;/ /atmifrav; aysmfaewJh olawG&dSao;w,f/ taysmfqHk;


awmif&dSao;/

yxrrdef;rMuD; / / t,f vlvlcsif; rpmemwJhvlawG/ b,folawGvJ


ajymprf;ygath/ nnf;ajymwJh taysmfqHk;uaum b,folwkef;/

'kwd,rdef;rMuD;/ / oGyfeJ.oGyfoH a&mif;wJholawGeJY 0dorpD;yGm;a&;


orm;awGaygh/ taysmfqHk;uawmh 'dk.wdkif;jynfu oef;a&TMuD;&J. orD;
oEåma&Tav/

yxrrdef;rMuD; / /[dkwavmu r*FvmaqmifwJh wpfa,mufrvm;/


usLyfawmifMunfhvdkuf&ao;/ ol.tpm; Zufawmifav;w,f/ olu bmvdk.
0rf;omwmvJ/

'kwd,rdef;rMuD;/ /oluajymw,fwJh ol.bmom &dSvdk. pdefawG 0wfwmudk


jrefrmjynfu vlawGu remvdk jzpfw,fwJhav pdwfaumif; rxm;bl;wJhav/
tckawmhh aoMu aMuMujyD iwfMujyDwJhav aumif;w,fwJh/ ol.udkajymwJh
vlawG 0#fvnfwmwJhav/

81
yxrrdef;rMuD; / /atmifrav; ajym&ufvdkufwm/ oltvSnfhMurS 'Dxuf
0#fvnfrSm jrifa,mifao; /

'kwd,rdef;rMuD;/ /b,fvdkvnfrSmwkef; /ajymprf;ygOD;/

yxrrdef;rMuD; / /ol.wdk.avmuf raumif;wm vkyfr,fhol&dSOD;rvm; /olwdk.


tvSnhfMu&if i&JjynfrSm i&Jom; wpfzuf 1000 pDeJ. &l;&l;aygufcsdefawmif
&rSm r[kwfbl;/

[kajymjyD; okwfokwfeJ. awmMunfhawmifMunfh xGufoGm;MuavowJh/

roifhawmfwmrsm;&dS&if wnf;jzwfay;Muyg/ 'geJ. uRefawmfajymw,f rajym


eJ.aemf/ uRefawmfu olrsm;ajymwm Mum;vdk. jyefajymjywmaemf

( wifjyol- SawKyiPhyu  )

aemufoGm;wmcGifYvTwfyg

vlESpfa,muf n ( 8 ) em&Dowif;udk MunfYaeMuonf/

yxrvl / / rkefwdkif;jyD;wm ESpfywfausmfrS OD;oef;a&Tu 'ku©onfawGudk


xGufawGYwm bmoabmvJuGm/

'kwd,vl / / igMum;wmawmY vlawGMum;xJoGm;zdkY oifYavSsmfygjyDqdkwJY


pdwfa&m*gq&m0ef&JY cGifYjyKcsufu 'DaeYrS&vdkYwJY/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

82
urÇmYpHcsdef

tMuHay; / / AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;cifAsm/ tckqdk&if 10 &ufaeY rJay;yGJrSm


92.4%awmif axmufcHrJ&w,fvdkY aMujimjyD;ygjyD/ usefwJYjrdKYe,fawG&JY
&v'f[m ta&;rygawmYygbl;/ 'gaMumifY tJ'DtwGuf tm&HkrpdkufawmYyJ
u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;udkyJ tav;ay;oifYygjyD cifAsm/

oef;a&T / / bmrSvmajymraeeJY/ igu rJay;yGJrSm urÇmYpHcsdef csdK;csifwmuG/

tMuHay; / / [kwfuJY 'gYtwGufawmY pdwfylp&m r&dSygbl;? urÇmY


tnpfywfqHk; qE´cH,lyGJqdkwm vlwdkif;odaeMuygjyD/

( pdwfxJu jyefajymwmaemf/ wu,fjyefajym&Jw,f rxifMueJYtHk;/ )

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

83
aojyD;wmawmif axmufcHr,f

{&m0wDwdkif; &Gmav;w&GmrS touf&Sifusefaeaom vlwpkonf


u,fq,fa&;tzGJYrsm;udk arSsmfaeMupOf pufavSav;wpif; 0ifvmonfudk
awGYaomaMumifY 0rf;omoGm;Muavonf/ odkYaomf uHqdk;pGmyif xdktzGJYonf
&du©ma0aomtzGJYr[kwfyJ pm&if;vmaumufaomtzGJY jzpfaeavonf/

tzGJYacgif;aqmif / / uJ cifAsm;wdkY&GmrSm aowJYol b,fESpfa,muf&dSvJ


pm&if;vmay;Mu/

&Gmom;rsm;u pm&if;ay;aomtcg aemufvdkufESpfa,mufu pmtkyfESpftkyf


xJwGif wjydKifwnf; vdkufa&;rSwfaeMuojzifY &Gmom;wa,mufu pmtkyf
tzHk;rsm;udk cdk;MunfYrdaomtcg ....

wcku... aoqHk;olpm&if;

aemufwcku ... MudKwifrJay;olpm&if;

qdkjyD;a&;xm;wmudk tHYzG,fokw awGYvdkuf&ygowJYAsm/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

84
tm;vHk;[m 'ku©onf

em*pfrkefwkdif; tulnDay;a&; ukodkvfjzpftzGJUuav;wpfckrS tzGJU0ifwpfOD;


onf rkefwkdif;'PfcHcJh&aom NrdKUwpfNrdKUokdUa&muf½SdoGm;onf/ bkef;awmfBuD;
ausmif;wpfckrS 'ku©onfrsm;tm; vufcHapmifha½Smufxm;onf[k Mum;od
vkduf&í tqkdygae&mokdU tulnDay;&ef a&muf½SdoGm;avonf/

vli,f/---------/ bkef;bkef;bk&m;? bkef;bkef;&JUausmif;rSm 'ku©onf


b,favmuf ½SdaeygovJbk&m;/

bkef;awmfBuD;/----/ 'umav;&,f/ wu,fawmh bkef;bkef;wkdU


'umav;wkdU tygt0if jrefrmjynfoljynfom; tm;vHk;[m 'ku©onf
awGygyJ/

( wifjyol-  botchan  )

85
“bwfuD;” rGef;rSmpdk;

ukvor*¾ taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyf ArmjynfoGm;rnfY owif;udk


zwfjyD;aemuf oli,fcsif;wa,mufxH zkef;qufjzpfygonf/

uGsefawmf / / Mum;jyD;jyDvm;a[Y/ befuDrGef;udk,fwdkif Armjynf


oGm;awmYr,fwJYuG/

xdktcg oli,fcsif;u jyefajymvdkufaom pum;aMumifY uGsefawmf


yufvufvefoGm;&ygonf/

oljyefajymonfrSm .... 

“  odyfjyD;vnf; 0rf;omraeeJYtHk; udk,fYvl/ ppfAdkvfcsKyfawGu 'Dwcgvnf;


b,fvdk bwfuD;&dkuf&r,fqdkwm MudKjyD; pDpOfjyD;om;/ igawmY befuDrGef;
wa,muf  “bwfuD;” rGef;jyD; jyefoGm;&rSmyJ jrifa,mifaew,fa[Y” 

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

86 
xl;qef;aevdkY

uGsefawmfYoli,fcsif;wa,muf uGefjyLwma&SUrSm tvkyf½Iyfaeygonf/

uGsefawmf / / bmawG&SmaewmvJuG/

ol / / owif;wyk'f rawGYrdao;vdkY &SmaewmyguGm/

uGsefawmf / / bmtaMumif;rsm;vJuGm/

ol / / tar&duefoabFmawG ArmYa&ydkifeuftem; a&mufaewmeJY


ywfoufvdkYuGm/

uGsefawmf / / 'grsm; txl;tqef;vkyfvdkY? 0ufqdkufwumrSm ygaewmudk/

ol / / 'Dudpöudk jynfyuArmawG axmufcHqE´jywmawmY zwf&wmaygY/


'gayr,fY 'DwcgawmY at;vGifwdkYtzGJY tar&duefoH½Hk;a&SYrSm oGm;jyD;
uefYuGufqE´jywJYowif; rawGYrdao;bl;a[Y/ tJ'g xl;qef;aevm;vdkYyg/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

87
arSmifcdkypönf;

OD;av;MuD;wa,mufu uGsefawmfYudkar;ygonf/

ol / / igYwl arSmifcdkypönf;qdkwm bmvJodvm;/

uGsefawmf / / vGwfvGwfvyfvyf wifoGif; o,f,lcGifYr&dSwJY


ypÆnf;awGudkac:wmAsm/ ppfaq;a&;*dwfawGrSm rd&if cGifYjyKcsuf &dS r&dS
ar;r,f/ r&dS&if odrf;r,f/ odrf;wmrcHcsif&if oufqdkif&mudk vmbfxdk;Asm/
tJovdkrS r[kwf&if jzpfwJYvrf;aMumif;uae cdk;jyD;o,fAsm/

ol / / [kwfw,f/

uGsefawmf / / aemufwrsdK;u jynfolydkifypönf;awGudk rormwJYenf;eJY


cdk;xkwfjyD;a&mif;pm;w,fAsm/ tJ'gawGvnf; arSmifcdkypönf;yJaygY/

ol / / rSefw,f? 'gqdk aemufqHk;ay: arSmifcdkypönf;[m bmvJodvm;/

uGsefawmf / / rodbl; OD;av;/

ol / / rod&ifrSwfxm;? em*pfu,fq,fa&;ypönf;awGaygYuG/ 
“ Asm ”... 

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

88
wwfvdkYvkyfaewmr[kwf ...

raeYu  CNA  rSm AdkvfÚmPf0if;udk owif;axmufawG0dkif;AsL;wmNyoGm;w,f/


owif;axmufawGu em*pfeJUywfowfNyD; EdkifiHNcm;rD'D,mawG(  BBC  ? VOA 
wdkUudk&nf&G,fw,fxifyg&JU)&JU owif;xkwfvTifhrSKtay: b,fvdkoabmxm;
ovJ ar;awmh ...

olaNymcsifwmu 'Dowif;XmeawGuowif;udk csJUum;NyD;wifNywwfw,fvdkY


aNymcsifwmxifygw,f/ 'gqdkvJ  These media are always exaggerating the 
situation about Myanmar  vdkYaNym&if&aewmudk ...

&kyfwnfMuD;eJUaNymcsvdkufwmu  I say one, they say two  wJh/

( wifjyol-  arch­angel  )

tpdk;&EIef;

( etzatmufqGJ “tajcmufajr” bavmYcfrS owif;wyk'frS )
1/ puFmylEkdifiHwGif jyKvkyfonfh tmqD,H0efMuD;rsm; tpnf;ta0;wGif
OD;nPf0if;u ysufpD; qHk;&HI;rI wefbdk;pkpkaygif;rSm tar&duefa':vm 10
bDvD,Htxd&dSEkdifaMumif;? tpdk;&taejzifh ,aeYtxd u,fq,fa&; twGuf
usyf 50 bDvD,H oHk;pGJcJhNyD; qufvufoHk;pGJvSsuf&dS aMumif; ajymqdkoGm;onf/

89
( pmzwfolwOD;\rSwfcsuf )
aMomf ... igwdkYtpdk;&ES,f? u,fq,fa&;vkyfwJYae&mrSmawmif a':vmudk
tpdk;&EIef;eJY wGufjyD;vJaewkef;yJudk;/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

EdkifiHawmf tBuD;tuJ&JU apwemeJU OmPftajrmftjrifqdkwm 

credit to maynyane blog. 

( wifjyol- solidsnake  )

90
bbvDwdkY&JYjydKifyGJ

rav;&Sm;u tefu,ftrf eJY pifumylu bbMuD;vD wdkY[m..olwdkY


vmbfpm;vm;? rpm;vm; qdkwm jynfolawGa&SYrSm oufaojyMuzdkY
waeYawmh qHk;jzwfvdkufMuygowJh/ b,fvdk oufaojyMu rvJqdk&if...
olwdkY[m....olwdkY &dk;om;aMumif; a&ay:rSm vrf;avQmufjyMur,fayghaemf/
&dk;om;rI 'D*&Dtvdkuf....a&ay:rSm...ay:r,fayghav/
tefu,ftrfupavQmufygw,f/
pxGufwJhtcsdefuae..wjznf;jznf; jrKwfoGm;vdkufwm.. [dkzufurf;udk
a&mufwJhtcsdefrSmawmh a&u vnfyif;xda&mufoGm;w,fwJh/

pifumylu bbMuD; vDuawmh at;aq;yJwJh/ pxGufwJhae&muae


wzufurf;a&mufwJhxd a&ay:rSm &SyfwdkufjyD; ayghayghyg;yg;av; avQmufjy
oGm;ygowJhuG,f/ ajcaxmufav;awmifrS a&xJrjrKwfbl;wJh/ 'geJY..
bbMuD;vDu &dk;om;aMumif; jynfolawGu vufcHp&mjzpfoGm;yga&mwJh/
**********************

bbvD ESifh OD;av;*dk wdkY twGif;pum;


bbvD - armif*dka&.../ aus;Zl;yJa[h..ighudk acgif;ay:wifjyD; a&atmufu
avQmuf&wm..armoGm;a&maygh.../ bmvdkcsifvJ ..ajyma[h../

(pifumyl? rav;&Sm; oli,fcsif;rsm;ESifh pum;0dkif;rS..)

( wifjyol- suuchit  )

91
armp&m

&,fp&m awmh r[kwfbl; armp&m av;yg/

em*pf tvGefumvoHk;av;&uf twGif;rSm tajccHynmOD;pD;Xmeu


wm0ef&Sdol cyfMuD;MuD;wa,muf avab; twefoifhcJYwJY jrdKYu
txufwef;ausmif;wpfausmif;udk a&mufvmygava&m/ ausmif;u trdk;u
oHk;yHkESpfyHkavmuf r&SdawmhbJ? t&ifu caemfeDcaemfeJY tdrfomawGu
tukefbkef;bkef;vJaew,f/ q&m q&mrawG u0rf;omtm;&eJY vlMuD;vmjyD
qdkjyD; tysuftpD;awGudk vdkufjyMuwmayghav/ bmrsm;ulnDEdkifrvJ
arQmfvifhcsufawGeJY/ yk*¾d KvfMuD;u tm;vHk;udk rsufvHk;av;wcsufyJ
a0YMunfhvdkufjyD; olvmwm 'DtwGuf r[kwfbl;? q&mq&mrawGeJY
rdom;pkawG tm;vHk;axmufcHrJay;MuzdkY twGufvmwm/ tysuftpD;awG
uawmh udk,fxludk,fxeJY jyifMuayghvdkYajymjyD; axmufcHrJudpöudkyJajymjyD;
jyefoGm;w,f/ q&mq&mrawG&JY tdrfawGab;uif;Mu&JYvm;? tqifajyovm;
avmu0wf pum;av;awmif ajymroGm;bl;wJY/

vlowif;vlcsif;aqmifjyD; tJ'DtaMumif;tjyifudka&mufvmawmY ausmif;om;


rdbawG&ifarmzdkY jzpfvmwmaygh/ rMumcifausmif;zGifhvdkY ausmif;tyf&if
tvIaiG weifhwydk;ay;&awmhr,f/ rkefwdkif;&efaMumifh tukeftusawG
rsm;ae&wJYMum;xJ aiGxyfxGufOD;r,fqdk&if EGrf;yg;wJYolawGtwGuf MudKawG;
jyD; armp&mMuD;Asm/

( wifjyol- Jin_kaleat  )

92
azaznHYw,f ...

wpfcgwkef;u pD;yGm;a&;&Sifwpfa,mufu olYom;udkausmif;oGm;BudKawmh


..om;i,f u

]] azaz em*pfudkodvm; ..........}}

]] odwmayghom;&,f ... }}

]]'geJYrsm; azaz&,f ...oleJYodwmrsm; ae hwdkif;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfae&ao;w,f ..}}

]] [ .. igYom;&? bmqdkifvdkYvJ ...}}

]]twef;xJu rD;rD; (taumiforD; ) uajymw,f/ olYtazuem*pfeJaygif;NyD;


wvyJ&Smwm .. um;2pD;tjyifwdkufawmifjyifaqmufEdkifao;w,fwYJ ...}}

( wifjyol- gdchaos  )

93
vlvnfMuD;

em*pfudktaBumif;NyKNyD; e*dkuwnf;u ESmupfaeaom tar&duefESifY


aewdk;wyfrsm;onf NrefrmNynfudk 0ifa&mufwdkufcdkufNyD; Nynfoltrsm;udk
ESdyfpufuvlNyKaeaom ppftpdk;&udkNzKwfcsvdkufygonf...

ppftpdk;&NyKwfustcg ppfacgif;aqmifrsm;udk NynfolUw&m;&kH;wifNyD; Nynfol


rsm;u tNypf'PfpD&ifavonf/ pD&ifyHku rpifwGif;BuD;xJwGif udk,fusKd;&Sm
&mZ0wfrSKrsm;udk rlwnfí ESpfNrKwfxm;&efNzpfonf/ tNypfxif&Sm;vGef;aom
ppfacgif;aqmifBuD; 3a,mufudk rpifwpfwGif;xJwGiftwlxm;\/ eHygwf
2acgif;aqmifrSm usL;vGefaom tNypfBuD;rm;í ar;zsm;NrKwfonftxd tESpfcH
xm;&onf/ olu ab;ywf0ef;usifudk vSnfYywfBunfY&m eHygwf 1 BuD;u
&ifacgif;avmufay:atmif ESpfcHxm;&onfawGYaomaBumifY a'gowpfBuD;ESifY

]][m ... cifAsm;BuD;u usKyfxuftqaygif;rsm;pGm udk,fusKd;&Smxm;wmbJ


'geJYbmaBumifY &ifacgif;avmufbJ tESpfcHxm;&wmvnf; rw&mbl;
usLyfuGefyvdef;wwfr,f}}

[katmf[pfar;Nref;awmU eHygwf 1BuD; NyefaNymonfum;

]]a[Uaumif;wdk;wdk;uG ig eHygwf 3 ykckH;ay:wuf&yfaewm}} [lowwf

( wifjyol-  mokenlay  )

94
yg0g&drf;*sm; ...

ausmif;om;av;wa,muf pmar;yJGtrSwfaumif;vdkY oltaru vdkcsifwYJ


tacG0,fay;r,f ..wJY/

'gayr,fh olvdkcsifwJYacGu tacGa&mif;wJqdkifrSmr&Sdawmh ..acGa&mif;wJolu


..nDav; yg0g&drf*sm;topfxGufw,f Munfhygvm;vdkajymvdkufawmh ...
uav;taMumuftuefjiif;w,f ..

xdktcg tarjzpfolu om;yJyg0g&drf*sm; BudKufw,fqdk .. tar [dkwpfcg


wkef;uawmif yg0g&drf;*sm; tacGawG pmtkyfawG0,fay;ao;w,fav ....
om;i,fu [kwfw,f t&ifutacGyJBunfhawmh yg0g&drf*sm;awGudk
vlaumif;xifwmwJ .. 'gayr,fh pmtkyfvnf;zwfvdkufa&m yg0g&drf*sm;
qdkwm pGrf;tm;&SifwJY arar&JY/ vrf;xJuvlawGajymw,fav ..pGrf;tm;&Sif
qdkwm bkef;BuD;awGudk&kdufwmwJY .. tJawmh yg0g&drf*sm;qdkwmuvnf;
bkef;BuD;awGudk&kdufwJolawGqdkawm hvlqdk;awGaygh ..wYJ /

( wifjyol- gdchaos  )

95
pHerlem

vlESpfa,muf EdkifiHwumta&; aqG;aEG;aeMuygonf/

yxrvl / / vmr,fY ZifbmabGa&G;aumufyGJrSm twdkuftcHawG


tEdkif&zdkYrsm;aew,fwJYuG/ tmPm&Sif rl*gbDawmY 'Dwcg wu,f jyKwfjyD
xifygw,f/

'kwd,vl / / odyfjyD; xifraeeJYtHk; udk,fYvl/ tckavmufqdk rl*gbDuvnf;


rJEdkifatmif b,fvdknpf&rvJqdkwm ArmjynfudkMunfYjyD; oabmayguf
aerSmyg/ tckqdk OD;oef;a&T&JY enf;vrf;twdkif; twk,l jyifqifaeavmuf
ygjyDuG/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

aemufqufwGJowif;

twnfrjyK&ao;aom aumv[vowif;rsm;t& ZifbmabGor®wrl*gbDu


olwdkYEdkifiH\ a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuúXtjzpfyg aqmif&Gufay;&ef
OD;atmifwdk;tm; vma&mufiSm;&rf;aeygaMumif;/

96
obm0ab;udk BudKodolrsm;

vlom;awG[m olwdkUudk olwdkU urÇmay:rSm todÚmPf tjrifhrm;qHk;&,fvdkY


owfrSwfMuygw,f/ wu,fvnf;[kwfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ivsif? rkefwdkif;?
rD;awmifaygufuGJrI pwJh obm0ab;tEå&m,fawGudkawmh b,fvlom;urS
BudKwifrodEdkifcJhygbl;/

tJ'Dae&mrSmawmh wd&pämefawG[m vlom;awGxuf omvGefcJhygw,f/


ivsifvIyfrSm? rkefwdkif;usrSm? rD;awmifaygufuGJrmS awGudk wd&pämefawGu
BudKwifodEdkifygowJh/ BudKwifodjrifNyD; awmhvnf; tJ'D ab;tEå&m,fu
uif;vGwf&mudk BudKwifajymif;a½TUhMuygowJh/

rdwfaqG oif,Hkygovm; ?

r,Hk&if oufaoom"u taxmuftxm;cdkifvHkpGmjyygr,f/

em*pfrkefwdkif;[m jrefrmjynfudk 2008 arv 2 &ufeJY 3 &ufrSm


0ifa&mufwdkufcwfoGm;vdkY vlaygif;odef;eJYcsDaocJh&wm vlwdkif;todyg/
'gayr,fh wd&pämeftcsdKUuawmh rkefwdkif;0ifr,fqdkwm BudKodcJhvdkY ab;vGwf
&mudk ajymif;oGm;MuNyD; tEå&m,fuif;cJhMuygw,f/ [kwfygw,f/
ab;vGwf&mudk ajymif;oGm;cJhwmrS wpf&ufESpf&uf BudKwifajymif;cJhwm
r[kwfygbl;/ ESpfESpfcGJavmuf BudKwifNyD; rkefwdkif;vGwf&mudk ajymif;oGm;cJh
Muwmyg/ wu,fygAsm.../

97
tJ'D wd&pämefawG[m 2008 arvrSm &efukefNrdKUudk em*pfrkefwdkif;
0ifvmr,fqdkwm MudKodaevdkY 2005 Edk0ifbmavmufxJu rkefwdkif;
vGwfuif;&m aejynfawmfudk ajymif;a½TUoGm;cJhuswmyg/

uJ.. rdwfaqG.. wd&pämefawG[m obm0ab;tEå&m,fawGudk BudKodEdkif


w,fqdkwm ,HkNyDvm; /

( wifjyol-  wmason666  )

'gvnf;[kwfom;yJ

vlESpfa,muf jiif;cHkaeMuygonf/

yxrvl / / AdkvfcsKyfMuD;awGAsm/ olwdkYtdwfuyfawGxJrSm cdk;xm;wJY


a':vmawG oef;eJYcsDjyD;&dSaewmyJ/ tJ'DxJuae 'ku©onfawGudk enf;enf;
avmufawmY jyefvSLzdkYaumif;ygw,f/

'kwd,vl / / olwdkYvnf; rvSLcsifvdkYawmY b,f[kwfrvJAsm/ tJovdk


w&m;r0if &xm;wJYydkufqHawGjzpfaevdkY cufaewmaygY/ 'ku©onfawGtwGuf
uGsefawmfwdkY cdk;xm;wJYxJu enf;enf;avmuf jyefvSLay;ygw,fvdkY
vlod&SifMum; jyefvkyfvdkY aumif;ygYrvm;/ uJ ... ajymygtHk;/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

98
wdkY[mwdkYyJem;vnfw,f

em*pfrkefwdkif;jyD;uwnf;u uGsefawmfYudk ArmrSef;odwJY rdwfaqGawGu


vlrIa&;t& owif;ar;MuwmawGudk jyefajz&wmuvnf; tmaygufrwwf
ygyJ/

olwdkYtm;vHk;ajymavY&dSwmu owif;awGxJrSm tpdk;&u vlrqefatmif


vkyfaewmawGudkMunfYjyD; olwdkYem;rvnfEdkifMuwJY taMumif;yJaygY/

wa,mufvmvnf; ... em;rvnfEdkifbl;


aemufwa,muf .... em;rvnfEdkifbl;
aemuf ..... .... em;rvnfEdkifbl;

MumawmY &Sufawmifvmw,f/ 'geJYyJ pdwfememeJY aemufxyfar;wJYolawGudk


'DvdkyJ jyefajymae&ygawmYw,f/ 

“[kwfygw,f/ rif;wdkY em;vnfrSmr[kwfygbl;/ tckudpöudk woufvHk;


cHvm&wJY igwdkY[m igwdkYyJ em;vnfEdkifrSmyguGm/” 

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

99
tdyfrufqdk;

vl1/ / ymdkwpfaeYu neufMuD; oef;a&TtdrfrSm q&m0efawG bmawGeJY


&kwf&kwfoJoJjzpfw,fqdk.. Mum;rdvm;

vl2/ / at;uG.. oef;a&Tu tdyfae&if; &kwfcsnf; ekd;vmwm


aoG;awGbmawGaqmifhwufjyD; ta&;wMuD;jzpfoGm;w,fvdkY Mum;w,f/

vl1/ / at;at;...tJ'gbmaMumifhvdk hMum;rdvJ..

vl2/ / tdyfrufqdk;rufw,fqdkyJ..

vl1/ / bmtdyfrufrdk htJavmufxdawmifa&;MuD;cGifus,fjzpf&wmvJ..

vl2/ / tdyfr,fxJrSm olYwpfaumifxJ vlxktv,fMum; a&mufoGm;w,f


ajymw,f..

vl1/ / atmf................................../

( wifjyol-  bubble029  )

100
uJ ..bmaNymcsifao;vJ

a[m'DysufvHk;xufaumif;wJY ysufvHk;rsKd; b,folawGxkwfedkifao;ovJ


zwfBunfYygtHk; ...

( wifjyol- mokenlay  )

101
qif jcif awG; ac: ol rsm;

EdkifiHawmftMuD;tuJ / / usKyf avab;'ku©onfawGudk apmapmuwnf;u


xGufawGYcsifaewmygAsm/ usKyfyg&if u,fq,fa&;vkyfief; t&dSeft[kefawG
ysufukefrSmyJvdkY qifjcifawG;ac:jyD;? yk*¾vduqE´xuf 'ku©onfawG&JY ta&;
udk OD;pm;ay;jyD; ESpfywfausmfaemufusjyD;rS vmawGYwmygAsm/

'k-EdkifiHawmftMuD;tuJ / / (cyfaxGaxG avoHjzifY ) 'Dvdktajrmftjrifrsm;?


iguykdawmif&dSao;/ tckxd bmrSrvkyfao;yJ qifjcifawG;ac:aewkef;uG/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

aemufrSt0pm;yg

u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;rsm;tifwkduftm;wkduf aqmif&Gufaeonf[k qdkaom


0efMuD;csKyfudk 'ku©onf&Gmom;wpfa,mufu ar;onf/
]tMuD;tuJajymawmh acwfrDzGHjzdK;wdk;wufjyD; pnf;urf;jynfh0wJh 'Drdkua&pD
EdkifiHudkoGm;aew,fqdk? tckuRefawmfwdkYrSm pm;p&m?aep&m?0wfp&mawmif
r&Sdygvm;}

0efMuD;csKyf/ /oGm;aeygw,fAsm/ vrf;rSmbmvdkYpm;rSmvJ/ a&mufawmhrS


t0pm;aygh/

( wifjyol-  coolcupid )

102
qkwHqdyfawGbmaMumifhrsm;

ppfom;wpfa,mufu &ifbwfrSm qkwHqdyfokH;ck csdwfxm;w,f/


wpfa,mufuar;ygw,f/
- 'DqkwHqdyfawGu b,fvdkawGajumifh&xm;wmvJ/
ppfom;av;uvnf; taotcsm &Sif;jyygw,f/
- 'DyxrOD;qkH;&cJhwJh qkwHqdyfu uRefawmfrSm bmqkwHqdyfrS r&Sdao;vdkh
ay;wJhqkwHqdyfyg/
'D'kwd,qkwHqdyfuawmh yxrqkwHqdyf&xm;wJholudkrS ay;wJhqkwHqdyfyg/
'Dwwd,qkwHqdyfuusawmh yxreJh'kwd,qkwHqdyf &xm;jyD;wJholudkrS
csD;jrSifhwmrdkvdkh &xm;wmygwJh/

wkdYaygwmMuD;awG qkwHqdyf awGrsm;ae&csif;taMumif; &Sif;&Sif;vif;&Sif;


odygNyD...

( oli,fcsif;awG bavmh uul;vmwmyg...)

cifwJh
xkqpfol

103

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