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14 - - Antiques & Auction News — June 22, 2018 antiquesandauctionnews.


The Archaeology Of An 18th-Century Pottery In Lancaster, Pa.

By Justin W. Thomas

The production of red

earthenware and stoneware
in Lancaster, Pa., is likely most
known today for the wares
produced by the Gast family,
especially those made by
Henry Gast (1806-89) and his
son, Henry Gast, Jr. (1836- At top are an unusual crimped rim
1924), during the circa 1825-90 sherds with slip-decoration. At bottom
are dish sherds decorated with slip This is a utilitarian pot with a brown Here are slip-decorated red earthen-
period, as well as another interior glaze and two small ware plate or dish sherds.
pottery operated by the and a green glaze.
slip-decorated sherds.
Swope family in the 19th cen- Snyder Jr. in 1780. He is also furniture used in stacking and
tury. However, a fairly recent The red earthenware deep dish deco- listed on the Lancaster if not for this archaeological These are various slip-decorated red separating the pots inside of
archaeological dig by AECOM rated with tulip and slip-decoration Borough tax list as a potter in evidence. Varieties of glazes earthenware sherds recovered at the the kiln. Archaeologists even
(formerly URS Corporation) of was recovered at the site of the kiln 1782 and appeared on the were also recovered, includ- site of the kiln and trash pile in recovered a few pieces of
Burlington, N.J., has proven and trash pile in Lancaster, Pa. 1790 census for Lancaster City ing green, black and brown. Lancaster, Pa. inscribed kiln waste that may
there was also a significant with a household of one male Distribution from this pot- stoneware businesses in represent the potter’s writing.
and practically unknown pot- Chestnut streets in downtown under 16 and four females. He tery may have been limited to Pennsylvania before and after The remains of a cobalt-
tery established in Lancaster Lancaster, based on an does not appear to have lived the local marketplace of about the American Revolution. A decorated stoneware jar with
that produced Moravian-style archaeological survey con- in Lancaster City in 1800, and 3,700 people in 1790 since so noteworthy form that was twisted handles was also
red earthenware as early as ducted in 2008.” in 1828, an estate inventory little has been documented also recovered were refined recovered. But no further evi-
the 1780s. “As part of the Queen was filed for ‘Jacobs Marks,’ a about 18th century production small saucers or bowls with dence was discovered that
According to the Red Rose Street Station construction, potter nearby in Conestoga, in Lancaster. But there may an intentionally glazed base would suggest stoneware was
Transit Authority in Lancaster an archaeological excavation Pennsylvania.” have been another business and a tooled foot ring. manufactured at this site,
County, “In August and was completed at the site, The artisan responsible model, as well, because The kiln remains consisted even though dual production
September 2009, RRTA broke which focused on four key for this red earthenware pro- Lancaster was strategically of saggars (containers made of both red earthenware and
ground on Queen Street areas previously identified. 1) duction was apparently a located along the old by the potter to protect fragile stoneware occurred with a
Station Phase III, located on a privy/refuse pit possibly remarkably skilled potter and Philadelphia Pike. Trade routes objects), floor tiles and kiln Continued on page 15
the corner of Queen and related to the Jacob Bitner perhaps just as talented with also connected Lancaster to
family, 2) the remains of an the application of multi-col- Maryland and communities in 21st Century Antiques
18th century red earthenware ored slip-decoration. The central and northern
potter’s kiln and waste pile, 3)
a stone lined well, and 4) a
styles of slip recovered Pennsylvania. Either way, I
include abstract designs and have been unsuccessful in
spring doll auction
brick passenger tunnel relat- tulips, often resembling 18th- identifying any surviving slip-
SUNDAY, JUNE 24, 2018
ed to a mid-19th century train century production from decorated pottery from this PREVIEW 11 A.M. AUCTION 12:30 P.M.
Burlington City VFW, 159 West Pearl St.,
depot complex.” some of the German settle- business outside of this
Archaeologists did identi- ments in Pennsylvania in archaeological context, but I BURLINGTON, NJ 08016
fy the remains of the potter’s places like Philadelphia, assume some must exist today. Come join us to play with dolls from all generations at our spring sale. Great
German & Japanese bisque - AM, Indians, ABG, Borgfeldt, Schoneau
kiln although cannot say with Bucks County, Montgomery The recovered forms Hoffmeister, Heubach, Simon Halbig, Morimura, Bye-Lo, Multi-faced, cabinet
certainty who the potter was. County, and Chester County, include storage jars and pots sized, Googly, Character babies, Parians, Unis France, more. Other Early
It may have belonged to Jacob along with some of the only glazed on the interior, Dolls: Greiners, other papier-maché & China, Wax over, Schoenhut wood dolls,
folk art cloth, Lenci, more. Composition: 20’s & 30’s Effanbee, Alexander,
Marx (1750-1828), a German Southern states. some with applied strap han- American Character, Horsman, Happy Babies, etc. Mid Century: Hard plastic
potter from Charlestown, Md., As it may be, another arti- dles, mugs, porringers, small Alexanders, 14” Mary Hoyer and 18” Gigi, Ginny, Sandra Sue, Fashion Girls,
who operated his pottery in san may have also been pots or dishes, plates, deep Betsy McCall, Toni, etc. Mattel Barbie family (vintage & new) & fashions,
Kiddles, Dollhouse miniatures, Teddy bears, Cabbage Patch, Comic Characters,
Lancaster during the years employed at the pottery in dishes or pans, pitchers, roof Wizard of Oz, Little Souls, J Chein Tea sets, Doll clothing, furniture, parts,
This is a view of the 18th-century kiln
1781-92. Nevertheless, order to apply the slip, which tiles and possibly flowerpots. wigs, etc.
floor. This site was excavated by
Lancaster was also apparently may have been a skill mas- Interestingly, there was not a toys - MONDAY, JUNE 25, 2018
archaeologists in 2009.
home to several other red tered somewhere else in lot of evidence recovered that Preview 4 P.M. Auction 5 P.M.
earthenware potteries in the America or possibly even would suggest jugs and cham- A ton of toys are lined up for our sale spanning the 30’s through the 80’s with
late-18th and early-19th cen- Germany. The more elaborate ber pots were regularly pro- a special emphasis on 60’s era toys. Marx & other Playsets: Flintstones 98%
complete w/box, Tom Corbett Space Academy, Service Station Set, Happy
tury. slip-decorations could be duced, which were forms Times Farm, Knights & Vikings, Roy Rogers, Stagecoach, WWII playset parts,
“Jacob Marx purchased a interpreted as production commonly manufactured at Ideal Countdown OB, Deluxe Reading Operation X-500 OB, Remco Project
lot of land in downtown from elsewhere in the region, many red earthenware and Yankee Doodle OB, 100s of playset figures, Nice set of 6” Cavemen Figs.
Capguns - Hubley Rifleman Flip Special, Marx Mini sets, Hubley Flintlock
Lancaster from Melchoir set, rare Stevens dual holster Repeater w/Buffalo Bill on handles, Single Gene
Autry capgun w/dual holster, Trooper, tin clickers, keychain specials, Marx
tommy guns, +. Eclectic Toys - Marx Fred Riding Construction Dinosaur BO,
Hasbro GI Joe 12” Action Solider NMIB, Mattel Redline Hot Wheels w/tin
badges, Early gray wheel Matchbox, J. Chein collection from Burlington City
incl. scarce snow - themed Ski-Lift Roller Coaster, drum, Advertising trivet,
Spaceman top, Nursery rhyme. 1955 Marx Climbing Fireman. Rare Clinton
- Gardner WWII wooden war toy Trenton manufacturer, Wilesco Steam Toy,
100s dimestore toys lots. Tin - Plastic - Ad Banks, Smurf Dinner Set MISP.
Original 60’s Aurora Monster model kits - The Witch OB, Dracula, Wolfman,
Frankie, Phantom, Hunchback, Mummy & Godzilla. Other model kits. 1st Gen
Boxed Transformers - Optimus Prime, Mighty Devastator, Metal Japan figure,
large group smaller scale transformers, Glowfriends case w/12 scarce figs. Tin
friction vehicles, cast iron, lots of plastic, some battery-op. Tootsies, Midge,
Hubley + Lots more unlisted!
Directions: from North - Rt. 295 S. to Burlington/Mount Holly Exit. 541 North/west toward
Burlington. Once in Burlington City, 541 becomes High Street. Continue on High street into
Burlington, cross Rt. 130. Turn left on West Pearl - last left you can make. VFW is about 2 blocks up
on right. From Phila.: 95 N. to Betsy Ross Bridge, cross into New Jersey. Rte 130 North for about 10
miles. Left on High Street (Rt. 541). Follow above directions. Look for white signs. Food on site.
Remains of a salt-glazed cobalt deco- Terms: Cash or Check w/proper ID. CC w/3% processing fee. No Buyer’s
rated stoneware jar were recovered at Premium. New Jersey sales tax collected w/o a valid resale number. Questions?
Call 609-877-6843 or email dolltoy@hotmail.com. Day of sale 609-560-3247.
the site of the kiln and trash pile, but it

Auctioneer not responsible for accidents.

is not known if the jar was manufac- Check auctionzip.com ID#1049 for pics.
The red earthenware bowl was manu- tured by Jacob Marx, another potter in and more details on both sales.
factured with a glazed base and an Lancaster, Pa., or a potter somewhere The pit shows red earthenware artifacts protruding from the back wall at the Absentee & Phone bids welcome. Please call or email by 9 P.M. EST Friday, June 22.
unusual foot ring. else. CHRIS DOERNER, AUCTIONEER
location of the 18th century kiln and trash pile in Lancaster, Pa.


Springtown Volunteer Fire Co. Banquet Hall,
10 A.M. SATURDAY, JUNE 30TH 3010 Route 212
Full Selection of Country Antiques, Dovetailed Blanket Chest, Worktable w/
Old Paint Finish, set/6 Spindle Back Chairs in Maple, Massive Cabinet (gen’l
RAILROADIANA AUCTION in the Blue Room: Featuring the Estate of PAUL NESSLE. Mr. store type) in Pine, Country Baker’s Table w/Cab. Top, variety/small Country
Nessle has assembled a very pleasing and well-rounded collection of Railroadiana. Lots of Lanterns, of various road Collectibles, grouping/later Beer Advertising Items, variety/Hand & Power Tools,
names and descriptions. Switch stand and tail lamp lanterns. Cast-iron signs. RR dining car china. PRR Timetables from Estate Vehicles to incl.: 2008 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Rubicon SUV Hard Top:
the 1930’s to 1960’s. Other RR Ephemera. Nice assortment of “showcase collectibles” such as buttons, badges, keys, 87,820 orig. mi., 3.8L V-6 eng., Trail Rated 4x4 vin 1J4GA69158L615402; 2000
desk accessories from the RR. PRR oak wall phone. Excellent collection of Train and Train Station POSTCARDS. Oldsmobile Intrigue 4 Door Sedan, Precision Control System: 74,600 orig. mi.,
Numerous actual photo cards and early views. Library of books, in good condition. RR & Train décor, pictures & prints. 3.5L V-6 eng., vin 1B3WX52H7YF262239; 2005 Honda Repsol 1000 RR CBR
RR SLIDES from the Estate of SCOTT COTTNER. This prolific photographs snapped hundreds of views of Trains Fireblade Motorcycle; 1979 Harley-Davidson Motorcycle: 5441 mi. (AS-IS
on Rails along the East Coast. Select from many hundreds of images, fresh to market. Color photographs, as well. cond.-not running), Suzuki Quadzilla Model 500 4 Wheeler, 1994 Kawasaki Super
Collection of Western Maryland Railway photo negatives. Wrecks & derailments. Loco diagrams, maps, brochures. Sport X-1 Jet Ski; 2010 Load Rite Jet Ski/Boat Trailer: 1405 lb. capacity,
Blueprints. Roll-style destination signs. Trolley ephemera. Terms: 13% Buyer’s Premium * CC Accptd. * 3% Discount w/Cash
TOY TRAIN AUCTION in the Pavilion: An interesting array of TRAINS includes LIONEL or Apprd. Check.
POSTWAR sets, a bit of Lionel Prewar, American Flyer standard gauge sets, AF postwar, Mighty Marx Trains, Details/Photos at www.auctionzip.com auctioneer #1888
Plasticville and accessories. MODERN ERA Lionel and MTH sets in set boxes, motive power units and accessories.
Please review complete listings at www.auctionzip.com Auctioneer #1892 ROBERT H. CLINTON & COMPANY, INC.
All items as is, where is. Auctioneers & Appraisers

12% Buyer’s Premium. (AY-003006-L)

Preview: Friday, June 29 from
MAURER’S AUCTIONS P.O. Box 29 * Ottsville, PA 18942
Successful Auction Management 610-847-5432 * AY-000093-L
6 P.M.-8 P.M. and from

8 A.M.-10 A.M. day of auction. Kathy Maurer, Auctioneer 610•970•7588 Email: rhclintonauction@hotmail.com

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