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ASSIGNMENT

LEVEL-1

Q.1 A carrier is simultaneously modulated by two sine waves with modulation indices 0.4 and
0.3. The resultant modulation index
a) 1.0 b) 0.7 c) 0.5 d) √0.7

Q.2 An AM signal represented by x(t) = (20 + 4sin500πt ) cos(2π × 105t ) V. The total sideband
power is
a) 2W b) 4W c) 6W d) 200W

Q.3 An angle modulated signal is expressed by 𝑥(𝑡) = 𝑐𝑜𝑠[(2𝜋𝑥107 𝑡) + 75𝑠𝑖𝑛(2𝜋𝑥103 𝑡)]. The
peak frequency deviation of carrier is
a) 750 kHz b) 7.5 MHz c) 75 Hz d) 75 kHz

Q.4 The signal v(t) = 5[cos(106πt ) – sin(103πt ) × sin(106πt)] represents


a) DSB-SC

b) AM

c) SSB upper side band signal

d) Narrow band FM

Q.5 An FM signal has carrier swing of 100 kHz and modulation index of 6.25, then the
modulating signal has frequency of _____kHz

Q.6 An AM modulator has output x(t) = 32cos400πt + 4cos360πt + 4cos440πt. The modulation
efficiency is ____%

Q.7 In phase modulation, the frequency deviation is


a) Independent of modulating signal frequency

b) Inversely proportional to the modulating signal frequency

c) directly proportional to the modulating signal frequency


d) inversely proportional to the square root of the modulating frequency

Q.8 In a DSB-SC system with 100% modulation, the power saving is

a) 50% b) 75% c) 33.33% d) 66.67%

Q.9 If the modulation index of the system is 0.1, then which of the following the correct
representation of an AM signal is
a) 20𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 105 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(201𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(199𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡)
b) 10𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 105 𝑡) + 𝑐𝑜𝑠(201𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡) + 𝑐𝑜𝑠(199𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡)
c) 10𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 105 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(202𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(198𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡)
d) 20𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 105 𝑡) + 𝑐𝑜𝑠(202𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(198𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡)

Q.10 If modulation index of AM is changed from 1 to 0, the transmitted power


a) increased by 50%

b) increased by 50%

c) decreased by 33.33%

d) remains unaltered

Q.11 Consider two signals m(t) and c(t)

The modulation index of an AM signal s(t) given as s(t) = (A + m(t))cosωct is ____.


1
Q.12 If the Nyquist sampling interval for the signal sinc(700t) + sinc(500t) is 𝑇 Hz, then the value
of T will be ____.

Q.13 The Fourier spectrum X(f ) for x(t) is shown. Let y(t) = x4(t)

If ideal sampling is used of y(t), the Nyquist sampling period required to reconstruct y(t), without
alliasing is ____ms

Q.14 The message input to a delta modulator is m(t) = cos2π500t and the step size is 0.1
V. The minimum sampling frequency required to avoid slope overload distortion is
a) 32 kHz b) 42 kHz c) 52 kHz d) 62 kHz

Q.15 A PCM system uses a uniform quantizer followed by a 8 bit encoder. If the bit rate of the
system is 105 kbps, then the maximum bandwidth of the low-pass message signal for which the
system operates satisfactorily is
a) 25 MHz b) 6.25 MHz c) 12.5 MHz d) 50 MHz

Q.16 A communication channel of bandwidth 75 kHz is used to transmit binary data at a rate of
0.1 Mbps using raised cosine pulses. The maximum value of roll off factor is ___

Q.17 A discrete memory less source is generating eight equiprobable symbols. If a source
coding scheme with 60% coding efficiency is adopted to encode the symbols, then the average
codeword length will be obtained using the selected source coding scheme is _____bits/symbol

Q.18 A binary channel having bit rate 24 kbps is available for PCM voice transmission. The
required system bandwidth is ___Hz

Q.19 For a given data rate, the bandwidth of BPSK signal (B1) and the bandwidth of ON-OFF
signaling (B2) are related as
𝐵2
a) 𝐵1 = 𝐵2 b) 𝐵1 = 2𝐵2 c) 𝐵1 = d) 𝐵1 = 4𝐵2
2

Q.20 In a communication channel encoder, every data bit is repeated five times independently
and at the receiver, a majority vote decides the value of each data bit. If the uncoded bit error
probability is 10–3, then the coded bit error probability will be
a) 10-5 b) 10-6 c) 10-8 d) 10-10

Q.21 The signal to quantization noise ratio (SQNR) of a 8 bit PCM system is found to be
insufficient at 40 dB. If it is decided to increase the number of quantization levels (L) to get
the desired SQNR of 52 dB, then the corresponding increase in the transmission bandwidth
required will be ___%

Q.22 A TDM link has m- number of signal channels and each channel is sampled 8000
times/sec. Each sample is represented by seven binary bits and contains an additional bit for
synchronization. If the total bit rate of the TDM link is 1280 kbps, then the value of m will
be_____

Q.23 A binary PCM signal is generated with sampling frequency fs = 10 MHz. The
minimum signaling rate needed to achieve output signal to noise ratio greater than 45 dB is
____kbps.

Q.24 The amplitude of a sinusoidal carrier signal with a peak value of 10 V is modulated by
another sinusoidal signal. If the modulation index of the resultant AM signal is 0.4, then the
maximum and minimum values of the envelope of the AM signal are respectively equal to
a) 6 V and 4 V
b) 10.4 V and 9.6 V
c) 10.8 V and 9.2 V
d) 14 V and 6 V

Q.25 A sinusoidal message signal, m(t) = Amcos(2πfmt ) is applied to a frequency modulator


and a phase modulator separately. If βFM is the modulation index of the FM signal and βPM is the
modulation index of the PM signal, then select the correct one of the following statements.
a) 𝛽𝐹𝑀 is independent of Am
b) 𝛽𝑃𝑀 is independent of Am
c) 𝛽𝐹𝑀 is independent of fm
d) 𝛽𝑃𝑀 is independent of fm
Q.26 A sinusoidal carrier signal is frequency modulated by a message signal, m(t ) =
12cos(5000πt ) V. If the frequency sensitivity of the modulator is kf = 5 kHz/V, then the bandwidth of
the resultant modulated signal (according to Carson’s rule) will be equal to
a) 65 kHz b) 125 kHz c) 130 kHz d) 250 kHz

Q.27 The modulation index of a single tone FM signal is 2π rad. If the frequency and the
amplitude of the message signal are increased by a factor of 2, then the modulation index of the
modified FM signal will be equal to
a) π rad
b) 2π rad

c) 4π rad

d) 8π rad

Q.28 To generate an FM signal with 100% power efficiency, the modulation index to be
selected is
a) 2.41 b) 5.53 c) 8.65 d) All of the above

Q.29 Consider the binary symmetric channel shown in the figure below:

A decision device is used at the receiver end, which is making decision in favour of m0, when received
and favour of m1, whenr1 is received. If the symbols m0 and m1 are equiprobable, the average probability
of error in decision making at the output of the channel will be equal to
a) 0.1 b) 0.2 c) 0.4 d) 0.8

Q.30 Consider a section of an FM receiver as shown in the figure below.

Match List-I (unknown blocks) with List-II (Block names) and select the correct answer using the codes
given below the lists.
List-I List-II
A. Block A 1. Demodulator
B. Block B 2. Limiter
C. Block C 3. De-emphasis circuit

Codes:
A B C
a) 1 2 3
b) 2 1 3
c) 3 2 1
d) 2 3 1
a) a b) b c) c d) d

Q.31 An AM superheterodyne receiver is designed to receive the signals with carrier frequency
(fc) in the range (550 to 1650) kHz. The intermediate frequency (IF) of the receiver is 450 kHz and
the local oscillator frequency (fLO) of the mixer is selected, such that fLO > fc always. For proper
reception of the signals, the frequency “fLO” should be in the range
a) (900 to 2000) kHz

b) (1650 to 2100) kHz

c) (1000 to 2100) kHz

d) (1450 to 2550) kHz

Q.32 When a sinusoidal message signal is applied to the X-plates of a CRO and the
corresponding amplitude modulated signal is applied to the Y-plates, the X - Y plot displayed on
the screen of the CRO is as shown in the figure below.

The modulation index of the AM signal is equal to ____

Q.33 When a carrier signal is amplitude modulated by a sinusoidal signal, the antenna current of the
transmitter is increased by 50% from that of unmodulated case. The modulation index of the AM signal
is equal to

Q.34 The instantaneous frequency of the signal, x(t) = 10cos(20πt + πt 2) at t = 40 seconds is equal
to ____Hz

Q.35 The maximum phase deviation of a PM signal is 2π rad and the message signal is band
limited to 10 kHz. The bandwidth of the PM signal (according to Carson’s rule) is equal to ___kHz

Q.36 The intermediate frequency (IF) of an AM superheterodyne receiver is 450 kHz and the local
oscillator frequency (fLO) of the mixer is selected, such that fLO > fc always. If the carrier frequency (fc)
of the received signal is 700 kHz, then the carrier frequency of the corresponding image signal will be
equal to ____kHz
Q.37 The Hilbert transform of a message signal m(t) is represented as 𝑚 ̂ (𝑡). If the average power
of the signal m(t) is 16W, then the average power of the signal 𝑚
̂ (𝑡) is equal to
a) 2W b) 4W c) 8W d) 16W

Q.38 A frequency modulated signal with a carrier frequency of “fc” is given by 𝑠(𝑡) =
20𝑐𝑜𝑠[2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡 + 12𝑠𝑖𝑛(2000𝜋𝑡) + 5𝑐𝑜𝑠(2000𝜋𝑡)]
The maximum phase deviation of the signal s(t) is equal to
a) 5 rad
b) 12 rad
c) 13 rad
d) 17 rad
Q.39 When a sinusoidal carrier signal is frequency modulated by two message signals m1(t) =
cos(2πf1t) V and m2(t) = 2cos(2πf2t) V individually, the modulation index of the resultant FM
signals are 10 rad and 20 rad respectively. If the same modulator is used in both the cases, then
select the correct one of the following relations.
a) f2 = 0.5 f1
b) f2 = f1
c) f2 = 2f1
d) f2 = 4f1

Q.40 Which one of the following circuits can be used for the purpose of de-emphasis?
a)

b)

c)

d)
Q.41 A frequency modulated signal with a carrier frequency of 10 MHz and a modulation index
of 20 rad is to be generated using an indirect FM modulator shown in the figure below.

If the input message signal is a 15kHz sinusoid, then the maximum frequency deviation required at the
output of the NBFM generator will be equal to ____kHz

Q.42 Consider the message signals shown in the figure below:

These two message signals DSB-SC modulates a carrier separately, then consider the following
statements: S1 : The envelope of both the modulated signals will be same.
S2 : The instantaneous variation of both the modulated signals will be different for 2 < t < 4. Select
the correct statement(s) using the codes given below:
a) S1 only
b) S2 only
c) Both S1 and S2
d) Niether S1 nor S2

Q.43 The instantaneous frequency of the signal 𝑠(𝑡) = 𝑐𝑜𝑠(200𝜋𝑡 + 𝜋𝑡 2 ) can be expressed as
𝑡2
a) (200 + 2 )Hz
𝑡2
b) (100 + 2 ) Hz
𝑡
c) (100 + ) Hz
2
d) (100 + t) Hz

Q.44 An angle modulated signal is expressed as 𝑠(𝑡) = 100𝑐𝑜𝑠[2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡 + 4𝑠𝑖𝑛(2000𝜋𝑡)]. The


signal is
a) FM signal
b) PM signal

c) Either FM or PM signal

d) Neither FM nor PM signal

Q.45 A carrier signal 𝑐(𝑡) = 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 106 𝑡)V and a message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(2000𝑡) are
applied to a phase modulator whose phase sensitivity is k p = 1.5 rad/V. The modulation index of the
resultant phase modulated signal will be
a) 3 rad b) 1.5 rad c) 3 x 10-3 rad d) 1.5 x 10-3

Q.46 The performance of the DPCM-coder improves as the


a) input probability density becomes more and more Gaussian

b) input dynamic range increases

c) input power spectral density tends to be white

d) Sample-to-sample correlation of the input increases

Q.47 The message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = 𝑠𝑖𝑛(200𝜋𝑡) + 4𝑐𝑜𝑠(400𝜋𝑡) + 4𝑐𝑜𝑠(400𝜋𝑡) AM modulates


the carrier signal 𝑐(𝑡) = 10𝑐𝑜𝑠(1000𝜋𝑡). If the amplitude sensitivity of
the modulator circuit is 0.2, then the modulation index of the AM modulated signal will be ____

Q.48 The message signal m(t) shown in the figure below is applied to an FM modulator. If the
maximum frequency deviation of the resultant FM signal is 3 kHz, then the frequency sensitivity of
the FM modulator will be ___kHz/V

Q.49 An angle modulated signal with carrier frequency fc is given by, 𝑠(𝑡) = 𝐴𝑐 𝑐𝑜𝑠[2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡 +
3𝑐𝑜𝑠(2000𝜋𝑡) + 4𝑠𝑖𝑛(2000𝜋𝑡)] The maximum phase deviation of s(t) will be ___ radians.

Q.50 A spectrum of (1000 – 1650) kHz is assigned for DSB-SC AM transmission. The spectrum is
shared for different users using frequency division multiplexing and quadrature carrier
multiplexing. If each user has a message BW of 5 kHz, then the maximum number of users that can
simultaneously use the spectrum will be

LEVEL-2
Q.1 A DSB modulated signal Φ(t) = Acm(t)cos2πfct is multiplied with a local carrier 𝑐(𝑡) =
𝜋
𝑐𝑜𝑠 (⍵𝑐 𝑡 + 6 ) The power of an output signal after passed through a low pass filter is ___ watts.
(Assume Pm is the power of modulating signal)

Q.2 Consider the signal shown below

The power of the signal shown is


a) 9.25 W
b) 12.50 W
c) 20.50 W
d) 18.75 W

Q.3 The message signal m(t) is shown below and the carrier frequency is 10 6 Hz. If m(t) is
phase modulated with phase deviation constant kp = 3 rad/V. The maximum instantaneous
frequency of the modulated signal is ___MHz

Q.4 Consider the signal s(t) as shown in the figure below

The output of the filter matched to the signal s(t) can be represented as
a) a triangular signal
b) a sinc signal
c) a trapezoidal signal
d) a rectangular signal
Q.5 A telephone channel has BW of 3 kHz and SNR of 1023 is connected to a discrete
memoryless source producing 32 different independent equiprobable symbols. The maximum
symbol rate possible, for the given source for error free transmission is
a) 4000 symbols/sec

b) 5000 symbols/sec

c) 6000 symbols/sec

d) 7000 symbols/sec

Q.6 An analog signal is quantized and transmitted using a PCM system. The maximum tolerable
quantization error in sample amplitude is 0.5% of the peak-to-peak value of the message signal.
The minimum number of bits required to encode each sample is
a) 5 b) 6 c) 7 d) 8

Q.7 A low-pass analog signal having 4 kHz bandwidth is sampled at 1.25 times the Nyquist
rate and each sample is quantized to one of 256 equiprobable levels. If the digitized signal is
required to transmit through an ideal AWGN channel using a modulation scheme by maintaining
an SNR of 20 dB in the channel, then the minimum bandwidth required by the channel for error
free transmission will be approximately
a) 80 kHz b) 40 kHz c) 12 kHz d) 10 kHz

Q.8 A band limited message signal which is uniformly distributed in the rage [– 5 V, + 5 V] is
sampled at nyquist rate and quantized using constant step size. The quantized samples are
encoded using an n-bit encoder. If the minimum signal to quantization noise ratio required is 31.8
dB, then the minimum value of ‘n’ required will be ___

Q.9 Consider an amplitude modulated signal with a message signal m(t) and carrier frequency
“fc” as follows
𝑠(𝑡) = [12 + 𝑚(𝑡)]𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡) V
If the modulation index of this AM signal is 0.75, then the peak amplitude of the message signal
m(t) is equal to
a) 3V
b) 9V
c) 12V
d) 16V
Q.10 Consider an AM signal with a carrier frequency of “fc” as follows:
𝑠(𝑡) = [20 + 4𝑐𝑜𝑠(3000𝑡) + 10𝑐𝑜𝑠(6000𝑡)]𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡)

The normalized power carried by the sidebands of this AM signal is equal to


a) 14.5 W
b) 25 W
c) 29 W
d) 58 W
Q.11 In a digital communication system, data with a rate of 10 5 bps is transmitted using BPSK
modulation scheme. The theoretical minimum channel bandwidth required to transmit the
modulated signal is equal to ____ kHz

Q.12 An amplitude modulated signal is given by,

𝑠(𝑡) = [10 + 5𝑐𝑜𝑠(3000𝑡) + 4𝑐𝑜𝑠(2500𝑡)]𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡)

The modulation efficiency of this AM signal is equal to

a) 7.40%
b) 11.11%
c) 17%
d) 33.33%

Q.13 The message signal m(t), which is shown in the figure below, is applied to a frequency
modulator (with a frequency sensitivity of kf ) and a phase modulator (with a phase sensitivity
of kp) separately.

If the maximum frequency deviation of the modulated signal in both the cases (FM and PM) is
𝑘𝑝
same, then the ratio 𝑘 is equal to
𝑓

a) 2𝜋 𝑟𝑎𝑑/𝐻𝑧
b) 4𝜋 𝑟𝑎𝑑/𝐻𝑧
c) 8𝜋 𝑟𝑎𝑑/𝐻𝑧
d) 10𝜋 𝑟𝑎𝑑/𝐻𝑧

Q.14 Consider the signals shown in the figure below:

If these two signals are forming a set of orthonormal basis functions, then the values of
the positive constants A and B are respectively equal to
1
a) √2 𝑎𝑛𝑑
√2
1
b) 𝑎𝑛𝑑 √2
√2
1 1
c) 𝑎𝑛𝑑
√2 √2
d) √2 𝑎𝑛𝑑 √2

Q.15 The Nyquist sampling interval for the message signal m(t) = sinc (100t ) + sinc(50t ) is

a) 10 ms

b) 20 ms

c) 30 ms

d) 40 ms

Q.16 When a carrier signal, c(t) = cos(200πt ) and a message signal, m(t) = cos(2πt ) are applied to an
unknown modulator circuit, the modulated waveform resulted at the output of the circuit is given by,
s(t) = cos(200πt ) cos(5sin2πt) – sin(200πt )
sin(5sin2πt) The signal s(t) can be
a) an FM wave
b) a PM wave
c) either an FM wave or a PM wave
d) neither an FM wave nor a PM wave

Q.17 The amplitude of a sinusoidal carrier signal is modulated by the message signal, m(t) =
sinc(1000t). The bandwidth of the resultant AM signal is equal to ____ kHz

Q.18 A carrier signal is frequency modulated by a sinusoidal message signal of 15 kHz,


resulting in a maximum frequency deviation of 50 kHz. If the amplitude of the message signal is
increased by a factor of 3 and it’s frequency is decreased to 5 kHz, then the bandwidth of the
modified FM signal (according to Carson’s rule) will be equal to ____ kHz

Q.19 In a digital communication system, bits 0 and 1 are transmitted through a channel with

probabilities 1/3 and 2/3 respectively. The receiver decides for either 0 or 1 based on the received

value R. The conditional probability density functions of R are as follows:


Decision made in favour of 0, if r<0 and in favour of 1, if r > 0. The average probability of error in making

decision will be equal to ____

Q.20 A certain communication channel is characterized by 80 dB attenuation and a noise power

spectral density of 10–10 W/Hz. If SSB (single side band) modulation technique is used and the

SNR (at receiver) is 23 dB. Assuming message signal bandwidth to 10 kHz. The transmitter power

(in kW) is ____

Q.21 The message signal m(t) = sinc2(1000t) AM modulates a sinusoidal carrier signal. The

minimum channel bandwidth required to transmit the modulated signal will be

a) 0.5 kHz b) 1 kHz c) 2 kHz d) 4kHz

Q.22 A message signal m(t) = sinc(1000t) V is applied to an FM modulator, whose frequency


sensitivity is kf = 1 kHz/V. The modulation index (or deviation ratio) of the resultant FM signal will be
a) 1 b) 2 c) 4 d) 6

Q.23 The signal to noise ratio at the input of an amplifier is 40 dB. If the noise figure of the
amplifier is 100, then the signal to noise ratio (in dB) at the amplifier output is
a) 20 dB b) -20 dB c)40 dB d) -60 dB

Q.24 A BPSK signal with equiprobable bits is transmitted through an AWGN channel and received by a
correlator receiver. If there is a phase mismatch of 90° between the carrier used in transmitter and
receiver, then the probability of error will be
a) 0 b) ½ c) 1 d) depends on the value of Eb

Q.25 The carrier of an AM transmitter is modulated by a sinusoidal message signal. The unmodulated
carrier power is 80 W. If the transmitting antenna can withstand upto 100 W, then the maximum
allowed value of modulation index of the AM wave will be _____

Q..26 A data with a rate of 500 kbps is to be transmitted using BPSK modulation. If the baseband
modelling of the data is done by a raised cosine filter with a roll-off factor of 0.50, then the minimum
channel bandwidth required to transmit the BPSK modulated signal will be _____kHz.

Q.27 Consider the following AM modulated signal:


𝑠(𝑡) = 10[1 + 0.5𝑐𝑜𝑠(2000𝜋𝑡)]𝑐𝑜𝑠(20000𝜋𝑡)
If this AM signal is demodulated by an envelope detector, then the maximum value of time
constant (RC) of the envelope detector, which allows the detector to follow the message signal
envelope will be
a) 100 μsec
b) 159.15 μsec
c) 275.66 μsec
d) 1000 μsec

Q.28 The spectrum of a message signal m(t) is shown in the figure below

If this message signal is applied to an FM modulator, whose frequency sensitivity is 10 kHz/V, then
the bandwidth (using Carson’s rule) of the resultant FM signal will be
a) 21 kHz
b) 42 kHz
c) 210 kHz
d) 420 kHz

Q.29 An angle modulated signal with carrier frequency fc is given by𝑠(𝑡) = 𝐴𝑐 𝑐𝑜𝑠[2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡 +
5𝑠𝑖𝑛(3000𝜋𝑡) + 10𝑠𝑖𝑛(2000𝜋𝑡)].
The bandwidth (using Carson’s rule) of the signal s(t) will be
a) 28 kHz
b) 33 kHz
c) 38 kHz
d) 42 kHz

Q.30 When the message signal m(t) is applied to a PM modulator, the maximum frequency
deviation of the resulting PM signal is 10 kHz. If m(2t) is applied as the message signal to the same
PM modulator, then the maximum frequency deviation of the resulting PM signal will be
a) 5 kHz b) 10 kHz c) 20 kHz d) can’t be determined

LEVEL-3
Q.1 Consider an ideal AWGN channel with infinite bandwidth and channel capacity of 7.2 kbps. If the
𝜂
average signal power in the channel is 5 μW, then the power spectral density 2 of the white Gaussian
noise in the channel will be
a) 10-8 W/Hz
b) 10-9 W/Hz
c) 5 x 10-9 W/Hz
d) 5 x 10-10 W/Hz

Q.2 A message signal m(t) and a carrier signal c(t) are applied to an amplitude modulator as shown
in the figure below

The message signal m(t) is band limited to “ fm”, where fc>>3fm. If the required amplitude sensitivity of
the AM signal s(t) is 2 V/V, then which set of the following values of “a” and “b” should be selected for
design?
a) a = 2 and b = 1

b) a = 2 and b = 2
c) a = 8 and b = 1
d) a = 8 and b = 2

Q.3 A modulator and a demodulator of a DSB-SC system are cascaded as shown in the figure
below.

The message signal m(t) is band limited to “fm” and fm << fc. If the average power of the signal m(t) is 80 W,
then the average power of the signal y(t) is ______W

Q.4 A sinusoidal carrier signal with a frequency of 10 MHz is phase modulated by the
message signal m(t), which is shown in the figure below.
If the phase sensitivity of the PM modulator is 10𝜋 rad /V, then the maximum instantaneous frequency of the
resultant PM signal will be equal to ____MHz.

Q.5 A sinusoidal message signal is applied to the -plates of a CRO and the corresponding
amplitude modulated signal, with a modulation index of 0.8, is applied to the Y-plates. Then which
one of the following figures can be the possible X-Y plot displayed by the CRO?
a)

b)

c)

d)

Q.6 The Nyquist sampling rate of the signal 𝑥(𝑡) = 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑐 2 (104 𝑡)𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑐 2 (105 𝑡) is _____kHz
Q.7 An SSB-AM signal is generated by modulated the carrier signal 𝑐(𝑡) = 100(cos 2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡) with
a message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = cos(4000𝜋𝑡) + 2sin(4000𝜋𝑡). If the carrier frequency fc = 100 kHz, then
the magnitude spectrum of standard lower side band SSB-AM signal will be
a)

b)

c)

d)none of the above

Q.8 A message signal with an average power of 10 W is fed to an amplitude modulator. If


the amplitude sensitivity of the modulator is ka = 0.1, then the transmission efficiency of the
resultant AM signal will be
a) 4.76% b) 9.09% c) 33.33% d) 50%

2
Q.9 A Gaussian message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = 𝑒 −𝑡 V is applied to a phase modulator. If the phase
sensitivity of the modulator is kp = 8000π rad/V, then the maximum frequency deviation of the
resultant PM signal will be ____kHz

Q.10 Consider the message signal shown in the figure below:


If this message signal m(t) is applied to an FM modulator whose frequency sensitivity is kf =
0.5 Hz/V, then the maximum phase deviation of the resultant FM signal will be _____ radians

Q.11 A baseband message signal is sampled at Nyquist rate and


quantized using an 8-bit quantizer. The resultant binary bits are baseband modelled using
raised cosine pulses with a roll-off factor of unity. The minimum channel bandwidth required to
transmit this baseband signal will be ____kHz

𝜋
Q.12 The message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(400𝑡) + 4𝑠𝑖𝑛 (500𝑡 + ) DSB-SC modulates the
3
carrier signal c(t) = 10cos(8000t). The average power of the modulated signal will be ____W

Q.13 If some carrier (8𝑐𝑜𝑠106 𝜋𝑡) and message signal (4𝑐𝑜𝑠103 𝜋𝑡)are used to produce
both AM and FM, which are having same modulation index. If both modulated waves
(FM,AM) are added and the resulting wave is transmitted, then the total ttransmitted power
in watts is _____

Q.14 A wide sense stationary random process X(t) passes through the LTI system shown in
the figure. If the power spectral density of X(t) is Sx(⍵), then the power spectral density of
output Sy(⍵) is

a) 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔) + 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 −𝑗𝜔𝑇0 + 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 𝑗𝜔𝑇0


b) 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔) + 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 −𝑗𝜔𝑇0 + 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 𝑗𝜔𝑇0
c) 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔) − 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 −𝑗𝜔𝑇0 − 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 𝑗𝜔𝑇0
d) 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔) − 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 −𝑗𝜔𝑇0 − 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 𝑗𝜔𝑇0

Q.15 The signal x(t )  cos(200 t )  0.2 cos(700 t ) is sampled with a rectangular pulse train of
400 pulses per second with a duty cycle of 0.5. If the sampled waveform is passed through
an ideal band pass filter with center frequency, 600Hz and bandwidth 400Hz. The
frequencies in the output of the filter are
a) 450 Hz, 500 Hz, 700 Hz
b) 500 Hz, 750 Hz
c) 450 Hz, 500 Hz, 700 Hz, 750 Hz
d) 450 Hz, 500 Hz, 750 Hz

Q.16 The signal 2[1+0.4Cos(6000πt)] Cos (106πt) is applied to a square law device described by
y   x  4  , where y is the output and x is the input .The output of the square law device is filtered by
2

an ideal low pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 8KHz. The spectral components at the output of the
LPF are
(a) 5KHz & 600 KHz (b) 5KHz & 3 KHz
(c) 3 KHz & 600 KHz (d) 3KHz & 6 KHz
Q.17 A signal m(t) is shown in figure given below the signal is once used to frequency modulate a carrier and
the next time to phase modulate the same carrier.

The relationship between k p & k f such that the maximum phase of the modulated signal in both cases are equal
is
(a) k p  3k f (b) k f  3k p
(c) k p  (k f ) (d) k f  1.5k p

Common data for Q.18 & Q.19


The message signal m (t) has a bandwidth of 10 kHz a power of 16 W and a maximum amplitude of 6. It is
desirable to transmit this message to a destination via a channel with 80 – dB attenuation and additive white noise
N0
with power- spectral density Sn (f )   1012 W / Hz and achieve a SNR at the modular output of at least
2
50 dB.

Q.18 What is the required transmitter power (in kW) and channel bandwidth (in kHz) if DSB AM modulation
schemes is employed?
(a) 100, 20 (b) 200, 20
(c) 100, 10 (d) 200, 10

Q.19 What is the required transmitter power ( in kW) and channel bandwidth (in kHz) if conventional AM
modulation scheme (with modulation index of 0.8) is employed ?
(a) 100, 20 (b) 909, 20
(c) 100, 10 (d) 200, 10

Q.20 The Laplace distribution of a random variable `X’ is given by its density function
f  x   0.5exp   x 
Its mean value and standard deviation are respectively given by
(a) 1, 1/ 2 (b) 1, 2
(c) 0, 2 (d) 0.5, 2