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LEVEL-1

Q.1 A carrier is simultaneously modulated by two sine waves with modulation indices 0.4 and

0.3. The resultant modulation index

a) 1.0 b) 0.7 c) 0.5 d) √0.7

Q.2 An AM signal represented by x(t) = (20 + 4sin500πt ) cos(2π × 105t ) V. The total sideband

power is

a) 2W b) 4W c) 6W d) 200W

Q.3 An angle modulated signal is expressed by 𝑥(𝑡) = 𝑐𝑜𝑠[(2𝜋𝑥107 𝑡) + 75𝑠𝑖𝑛(2𝜋𝑥103 𝑡)]. The

peak frequency deviation of carrier is

a) 750 kHz b) 7.5 MHz c) 75 Hz d) 75 kHz

a) DSB-SC

b) AM

d) Narrow band FM

Q.5 An FM signal has carrier swing of 100 kHz and modulation index of 6.25, then the

modulating signal has frequency of _____kHz

Q.6 An AM modulator has output x(t) = 32cos400πt + 4cos360πt + 4cos440πt. The modulation

efﬁciency is ____%

a) Independent of modulating signal frequency

d) inversely proportional to the square root of the modulating frequency

Q.9 If the modulation index of the system is 0.1, then which of the following the correct

representation of an AM signal is

a) 20𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 105 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(201𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(199𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡)

b) 10𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 105 𝑡) + 𝑐𝑜𝑠(201𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡) + 𝑐𝑜𝑠(199𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡)

c) 10𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 105 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(202𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(198𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡)

d) 20𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 105 𝑡) + 𝑐𝑜𝑠(202𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡) + 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(198𝜋 𝑥 103 𝑡)

a) increased by 50%

b) increased by 50%

c) decreased by 33.33%

d) remains unaltered

1

Q.12 If the Nyquist sampling interval for the signal sinc(700t) + sinc(500t) is 𝑇 Hz, then the value

of T will be ____.

Q.13 The Fourier spectrum X(f ) for x(t) is shown. Let y(t) = x4(t)

If ideal sampling is used of y(t), the Nyquist sampling period required to reconstruct y(t), without

alliasing is ____ms

Q.14 The message input to a delta modulator is m(t) = cos2π500t and the step size is 0.1

V. The minimum sampling frequency required to avoid slope overload distortion is

a) 32 kHz b) 42 kHz c) 52 kHz d) 62 kHz

Q.15 A PCM system uses a uniform quantizer followed by a 8 bit encoder. If the bit rate of the

system is 105 kbps, then the maximum bandwidth of the low-pass message signal for which the

system operates satisfactorily is

a) 25 MHz b) 6.25 MHz c) 12.5 MHz d) 50 MHz

Q.16 A communication channel of bandwidth 75 kHz is used to transmit binary data at a rate of

0.1 Mbps using raised cosine pulses. The maximum value of roll off factor is ___

Q.17 A discrete memory less source is generating eight equiprobable symbols. If a source

coding scheme with 60% coding efﬁciency is adopted to encode the symbols, then the average

codeword length will be obtained using the selected source coding scheme is _____bits/symbol

Q.18 A binary channel having bit rate 24 kbps is available for PCM voice transmission. The

required system bandwidth is ___Hz

Q.19 For a given data rate, the bandwidth of BPSK signal (B1) and the bandwidth of ON-OFF

signaling (B2) are related as

𝐵2

a) 𝐵1 = 𝐵2 b) 𝐵1 = 2𝐵2 c) 𝐵1 = d) 𝐵1 = 4𝐵2

2

Q.20 In a communication channel encoder, every data bit is repeated ﬁve times independently

and at the receiver, a majority vote decides the value of each data bit. If the uncoded bit error

probability is 10–3, then the coded bit error probability will be

a) 10-5 b) 10-6 c) 10-8 d) 10-10

Q.21 The signal to quantization noise ratio (SQNR) of a 8 bit PCM system is found to be

insufﬁcient at 40 dB. If it is decided to increase the number of quantization levels (L) to get

the desired SQNR of 52 dB, then the corresponding increase in the transmission bandwidth

required will be ___%

Q.22 A TDM link has m- number of signal channels and each channel is sampled 8000

times/sec. Each sample is represented by seven binary bits and contains an additional bit for

synchronization. If the total bit rate of the TDM link is 1280 kbps, then the value of m will

be_____

Q.23 A binary PCM signal is generated with sampling frequency fs = 10 MHz. The

minimum signaling rate needed to achieve output signal to noise ratio greater than 45 dB is

____kbps.

Q.24 The amplitude of a sinusoidal carrier signal with a peak value of 10 V is modulated by

another sinusoidal signal. If the modulation index of the resultant AM signal is 0.4, then the

maximum and minimum values of the envelope of the AM signal are respectively equal to

a) 6 V and 4 V

b) 10.4 V and 9.6 V

c) 10.8 V and 9.2 V

d) 14 V and 6 V

and a phase modulator separately. If βFM is the modulation index of the FM signal and βPM is the

modulation index of the PM signal, then select the correct one of the following statements.

a) 𝛽𝐹𝑀 is independent of Am

b) 𝛽𝑃𝑀 is independent of Am

c) 𝛽𝐹𝑀 is independent of fm

d) 𝛽𝑃𝑀 is independent of fm

Q.26 A sinusoidal carrier signal is frequency modulated by a message signal, m(t ) =

12cos(5000πt ) V. If the frequency sensitivity of the modulator is kf = 5 kHz/V, then the bandwidth of

the resultant modulated signal (according to Carson’s rule) will be equal to

a) 65 kHz b) 125 kHz c) 130 kHz d) 250 kHz

Q.27 The modulation index of a single tone FM signal is 2π rad. If the frequency and the

amplitude of the message signal are increased by a factor of 2, then the modulation index of the

modiﬁed FM signal will be equal to

a) π rad

b) 2π rad

c) 4π rad

d) 8π rad

Q.28 To generate an FM signal with 100% power efﬁciency, the modulation index to be

selected is

a) 2.41 b) 5.53 c) 8.65 d) All of the above

Q.29 Consider the binary symmetric channel shown in the ﬁgure below:

A decision device is used at the receiver end, which is making decision in favour of m0, when received

and favour of m1, whenr1 is received. If the symbols m0 and m1 are equiprobable, the average probability

of error in decision making at the output of the channel will be equal to

a) 0.1 b) 0.2 c) 0.4 d) 0.8

Match List-I (unknown blocks) with List-II (Block names) and select the correct answer using the codes

given below the lists.

List-I List-II

A. Block A 1. Demodulator

B. Block B 2. Limiter

C. Block C 3. De-emphasis circuit

Codes:

A B C

a) 1 2 3

b) 2 1 3

c) 3 2 1

d) 2 3 1

a) a b) b c) c d) d

Q.31 An AM superheterodyne receiver is designed to receive the signals with carrier frequency

(fc) in the range (550 to 1650) kHz. The intermediate frequency (IF) of the receiver is 450 kHz and

the local oscillator frequency (fLO) of the mixer is selected, such that fLO > fc always. For proper

reception of the signals, the frequency “fLO” should be in the range

a) (900 to 2000) kHz

Q.32 When a sinusoidal message signal is applied to the X-plates of a CRO and the

corresponding amplitude modulated signal is applied to the Y-plates, the X - Y plot displayed on

the screen of the CRO is as shown in the ﬁgure below.

Q.33 When a carrier signal is amplitude modulated by a sinusoidal signal, the antenna current of the

transmitter is increased by 50% from that of unmodulated case. The modulation index of the AM signal

is equal to

Q.34 The instantaneous frequency of the signal, x(t) = 10cos(20πt + πt 2) at t = 40 seconds is equal

to ____Hz

Q.35 The maximum phase deviation of a PM signal is 2π rad and the message signal is band

limited to 10 kHz. The bandwidth of the PM signal (according to Carson’s rule) is equal to ___kHz

Q.36 The intermediate frequency (IF) of an AM superheterodyne receiver is 450 kHz and the local

oscillator frequency (fLO) of the mixer is selected, such that fLO > fc always. If the carrier frequency (fc)

of the received signal is 700 kHz, then the carrier frequency of the corresponding image signal will be

equal to ____kHz

Q.37 The Hilbert transform of a message signal m(t) is represented as 𝑚 ̂ (𝑡). If the average power

of the signal m(t) is 16W, then the average power of the signal 𝑚

̂ (𝑡) is equal to

a) 2W b) 4W c) 8W d) 16W

Q.38 A frequency modulated signal with a carrier frequency of “fc” is given by 𝑠(𝑡) =

20𝑐𝑜𝑠[2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡 + 12𝑠𝑖𝑛(2000𝜋𝑡) + 5𝑐𝑜𝑠(2000𝜋𝑡)]

The maximum phase deviation of the signal s(t) is equal to

a) 5 rad

b) 12 rad

c) 13 rad

d) 17 rad

Q.39 When a sinusoidal carrier signal is frequency modulated by two message signals m1(t) =

cos(2πf1t) V and m2(t) = 2cos(2πf2t) V individually, the modulation index of the resultant FM

signals are 10 rad and 20 rad respectively. If the same modulator is used in both the cases, then

select the correct one of the following relations.

a) f2 = 0.5 f1

b) f2 = f1

c) f2 = 2f1

d) f2 = 4f1

Q.40 Which one of the following circuits can be used for the purpose of de-emphasis?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Q.41 A frequency modulated signal with a carrier frequency of 10 MHz and a modulation index

of 20 rad is to be generated using an indirect FM modulator shown in the ﬁgure below.

If the input message signal is a 15kHz sinusoid, then the maximum frequency deviation required at the

output of the NBFM generator will be equal to ____kHz

These two message signals DSB-SC modulates a carrier separately, then consider the following

statements: S1 : The envelope of both the modulated signals will be same.

S2 : The instantaneous variation of both the modulated signals will be different for 2 < t < 4. Select

the correct statement(s) using the codes given below:

a) S1 only

b) S2 only

c) Both S1 and S2

d) Niether S1 nor S2

Q.43 The instantaneous frequency of the signal 𝑠(𝑡) = 𝑐𝑜𝑠(200𝜋𝑡 + 𝜋𝑡 2 ) can be expressed as

𝑡2

a) (200 + 2 )Hz

𝑡2

b) (100 + 2 ) Hz

𝑡

c) (100 + ) Hz

2

d) (100 + t) Hz

signal is

a) FM signal

b) PM signal

c) Either FM or PM signal

Q.45 A carrier signal 𝑐(𝑡) = 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋 𝑥 106 𝑡)V and a message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(2000𝑡) are

applied to a phase modulator whose phase sensitivity is k p = 1.5 rad/V. The modulation index of the

resultant phase modulated signal will be

a) 3 rad b) 1.5 rad c) 3 x 10-3 rad d) 1.5 x 10-3

a) input probability density becomes more and more Gaussian

the carrier signal 𝑐(𝑡) = 10𝑐𝑜𝑠(1000𝜋𝑡). If the amplitude sensitivity of

the modulator circuit is 0.2, then the modulation index of the AM modulated signal will be ____

Q.48 The message signal m(t) shown in the ﬁgure below is applied to an FM modulator. If the

maximum frequency deviation of the resultant FM signal is 3 kHz, then the frequency sensitivity of

the FM modulator will be ___kHz/V

Q.49 An angle modulated signal with carrier frequency fc is given by, 𝑠(𝑡) = 𝐴𝑐 𝑐𝑜𝑠[2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡 +

3𝑐𝑜𝑠(2000𝜋𝑡) + 4𝑠𝑖𝑛(2000𝜋𝑡)] The maximum phase deviation of s(t) will be ___ radians.

Q.50 A spectrum of (1000 – 1650) kHz is assigned for DSB-SC AM transmission. The spectrum is

shared for different users using frequency division multiplexing and quadrature carrier

multiplexing. If each user has a message BW of 5 kHz, then the maximum number of users that can

simultaneously use the spectrum will be

LEVEL-2

Q.1 A DSB modulated signal Φ(t) = Acm(t)cos2πfct is multiplied with a local carrier 𝑐(𝑡) =

𝜋

𝑐𝑜𝑠 (⍵𝑐 𝑡 + 6 ) The power of an output signal after passed through a low pass filter is ___ watts.

(Assume Pm is the power of modulating signal)

a) 9.25 W

b) 12.50 W

c) 20.50 W

d) 18.75 W

Q.3 The message signal m(t) is shown below and the carrier frequency is 10 6 Hz. If m(t) is

phase modulated with phase deviation constant kp = 3 rad/V. The maximum instantaneous

frequency of the modulated signal is ___MHz

The output of the ﬁlter matched to the signal s(t) can be represented as

a) a triangular signal

b) a sinc signal

c) a trapezoidal signal

d) a rectangular signal

Q.5 A telephone channel has BW of 3 kHz and SNR of 1023 is connected to a discrete

memoryless source producing 32 different independent equiprobable symbols. The maximum

symbol rate possible, for the given source for error free transmission is

a) 4000 symbols/sec

b) 5000 symbols/sec

c) 6000 symbols/sec

d) 7000 symbols/sec

Q.6 An analog signal is quantized and transmitted using a PCM system. The maximum tolerable

quantization error in sample amplitude is 0.5% of the peak-to-peak value of the message signal.

The minimum number of bits required to encode each sample is

a) 5 b) 6 c) 7 d) 8

Q.7 A low-pass analog signal having 4 kHz bandwidth is sampled at 1.25 times the Nyquist

rate and each sample is quantized to one of 256 equiprobable levels. If the digitized signal is

required to transmit through an ideal AWGN channel using a modulation scheme by maintaining

an SNR of 20 dB in the channel, then the minimum bandwidth required by the channel for error

free transmission will be approximately

a) 80 kHz b) 40 kHz c) 12 kHz d) 10 kHz

Q.8 A band limited message signal which is uniformly distributed in the rage [– 5 V, + 5 V] is

sampled at nyquist rate and quantized using constant step size. The quantized samples are

encoded using an n-bit encoder. If the minimum signal to quantization noise ratio required is 31.8

dB, then the minimum value of ‘n’ required will be ___

Q.9 Consider an amplitude modulated signal with a message signal m(t) and carrier frequency

“fc” as follows

𝑠(𝑡) = [12 + 𝑚(𝑡)]𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡) V

If the modulation index of this AM signal is 0.75, then the peak amplitude of the message signal

m(t) is equal to

a) 3V

b) 9V

c) 12V

d) 16V

Q.10 Consider an AM signal with a carrier frequency of “fc” as follows:

𝑠(𝑡) = [20 + 4𝑐𝑜𝑠(3000𝑡) + 10𝑐𝑜𝑠(6000𝑡)]𝑐𝑜𝑠(2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡)

a) 14.5 W

b) 25 W

c) 29 W

d) 58 W

Q.11 In a digital communication system, data with a rate of 10 5 bps is transmitted using BPSK

modulation scheme. The theoretical minimum channel bandwidth required to transmit the

modulated signal is equal to ____ kHz

a) 7.40%

b) 11.11%

c) 17%

d) 33.33%

Q.13 The message signal m(t), which is shown in the ﬁgure below, is applied to a frequency

modulator (with a frequency sensitivity of kf ) and a phase modulator (with a phase sensitivity

of kp) separately.

If the maximum frequency deviation of the modulated signal in both the cases (FM and PM) is

𝑘𝑝

same, then the ratio 𝑘 is equal to

𝑓

a) 2𝜋 𝑟𝑎𝑑/𝐻𝑧

b) 4𝜋 𝑟𝑎𝑑/𝐻𝑧

c) 8𝜋 𝑟𝑎𝑑/𝐻𝑧

d) 10𝜋 𝑟𝑎𝑑/𝐻𝑧

If these two signals are forming a set of orthonormal basis functions, then the values of

the positive constants A and B are respectively equal to

1

a) √2 𝑎𝑛𝑑

√2

1

b) 𝑎𝑛𝑑 √2

√2

1 1

c) 𝑎𝑛𝑑

√2 √2

d) √2 𝑎𝑛𝑑 √2

Q.15 The Nyquist sampling interval for the message signal m(t) = sinc (100t ) + sinc(50t ) is

a) 10 ms

b) 20 ms

c) 30 ms

d) 40 ms

Q.16 When a carrier signal, c(t) = cos(200πt ) and a message signal, m(t) = cos(2πt ) are applied to an

unknown modulator circuit, the modulated waveform resulted at the output of the circuit is given by,

s(t) = cos(200πt ) cos(5sin2πt) – sin(200πt )

sin(5sin2πt) The signal s(t) can be

a) an FM wave

b) a PM wave

c) either an FM wave or a PM wave

d) neither an FM wave nor a PM wave

Q.17 The amplitude of a sinusoidal carrier signal is modulated by the message signal, m(t) =

sinc(1000t). The bandwidth of the resultant AM signal is equal to ____ kHz

resulting in a maximum frequency deviation of 50 kHz. If the amplitude of the message signal is

increased by a factor of 3 and it’s frequency is decreased to 5 kHz, then the bandwidth of the

modiﬁed FM signal (according to Carson’s rule) will be equal to ____ kHz

Q.19 In a digital communication system, bits 0 and 1 are transmitted through a channel with

probabilities 1/3 and 2/3 respectively. The receiver decides for either 0 or 1 based on the received

Decision made in favour of 0, if r<0 and in favour of 1, if r > 0. The average probability of error in making

spectral density of 10–10 W/Hz. If SSB (single side band) modulation technique is used and the

SNR (at receiver) is 23 dB. Assuming message signal bandwidth to 10 kHz. The transmitter power

Q.21 The message signal m(t) = sinc2(1000t) AM modulates a sinusoidal carrier signal. The

sensitivity is kf = 1 kHz/V. The modulation index (or deviation ratio) of the resultant FM signal will be

a) 1 b) 2 c) 4 d) 6

Q.23 The signal to noise ratio at the input of an ampliﬁer is 40 dB. If the noise ﬁgure of the

ampliﬁer is 100, then the signal to noise ratio (in dB) at the ampliﬁer output is

a) 20 dB b) -20 dB c)40 dB d) -60 dB

Q.24 A BPSK signal with equiprobable bits is transmitted through an AWGN channel and received by a

correlator receiver. If there is a phase mismatch of 90° between the carrier used in transmitter and

receiver, then the probability of error will be

a) 0 b) ½ c) 1 d) depends on the value of Eb

Q.25 The carrier of an AM transmitter is modulated by a sinusoidal message signal. The unmodulated

carrier power is 80 W. If the transmitting antenna can withstand upto 100 W, then the maximum

allowed value of modulation index of the AM wave will be _____

Q..26 A data with a rate of 500 kbps is to be transmitted using BPSK modulation. If the baseband

modelling of the data is done by a raised cosine ﬁlter with a roll-off factor of 0.50, then the minimum

channel bandwidth required to transmit the BPSK modulated signal will be _____kHz.

𝑠(𝑡) = 10[1 + 0.5𝑐𝑜𝑠(2000𝜋𝑡)]𝑐𝑜𝑠(20000𝜋𝑡)

If this AM signal is demodulated by an envelope detector, then the maximum value of time

constant (RC) of the envelope detector, which allows the detector to follow the message signal

envelope will be

a) 100 μsec

b) 159.15 μsec

c) 275.66 μsec

d) 1000 μsec

Q.28 The spectrum of a message signal m(t) is shown in the ﬁgure below

If this message signal is applied to an FM modulator, whose frequency sensitivity is 10 kHz/V, then

the bandwidth (using Carson’s rule) of the resultant FM signal will be

a) 21 kHz

b) 42 kHz

c) 210 kHz

d) 420 kHz

Q.29 An angle modulated signal with carrier frequency fc is given by𝑠(𝑡) = 𝐴𝑐 𝑐𝑜𝑠[2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡 +

5𝑠𝑖𝑛(3000𝜋𝑡) + 10𝑠𝑖𝑛(2000𝜋𝑡)].

The bandwidth (using Carson’s rule) of the signal s(t) will be

a) 28 kHz

b) 33 kHz

c) 38 kHz

d) 42 kHz

Q.30 When the message signal m(t) is applied to a PM modulator, the maximum frequency

deviation of the resulting PM signal is 10 kHz. If m(2t) is applied as the message signal to the same

PM modulator, then the maximum frequency deviation of the resulting PM signal will be

a) 5 kHz b) 10 kHz c) 20 kHz d) can’t be determined

LEVEL-3

Q.1 Consider an ideal AWGN channel with inﬁnite bandwidth and channel capacity of 7.2 kbps. If the

𝜂

average signal power in the channel is 5 μW, then the power spectral density 2 of the white Gaussian

noise in the channel will be

a) 10-8 W/Hz

b) 10-9 W/Hz

c) 5 x 10-9 W/Hz

d) 5 x 10-10 W/Hz

Q.2 A message signal m(t) and a carrier signal c(t) are applied to an amplitude modulator as shown

in the ﬁgure below

The message signal m(t) is band limited to “ fm”, where fc>>3fm. If the required amplitude sensitivity of

the AM signal s(t) is 2 V/V, then which set of the following values of “a” and “b” should be selected for

design?

a) a = 2 and b = 1

b) a = 2 and b = 2

c) a = 8 and b = 1

d) a = 8 and b = 2

Q.3 A modulator and a demodulator of a DSB-SC system are cascaded as shown in the ﬁgure

below.

The message signal m(t) is band limited to “fm” and fm << fc. If the average power of the signal m(t) is 80 W,

then the average power of the signal y(t) is ______W

Q.4 A sinusoidal carrier signal with a frequency of 10 MHz is phase modulated by the

message signal m(t), which is shown in the ﬁgure below.

If the phase sensitivity of the PM modulator is 10𝜋 rad /V, then the maximum instantaneous frequency of the

resultant PM signal will be equal to ____MHz.

Q.5 A sinusoidal message signal is applied to the -plates of a CRO and the corresponding

amplitude modulated signal, with a modulation index of 0.8, is applied to the Y-plates. Then which

one of the following ﬁgures can be the possible X-Y plot displayed by the CRO?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Q.6 The Nyquist sampling rate of the signal 𝑥(𝑡) = 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑐 2 (104 𝑡)𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑐 2 (105 𝑡) is _____kHz

Q.7 An SSB-AM signal is generated by modulated the carrier signal 𝑐(𝑡) = 100(cos 2𝜋𝑓𝑐 𝑡) with

a message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = cos(4000𝜋𝑡) + 2sin(4000𝜋𝑡). If the carrier frequency fc = 100 kHz, then

the magnitude spectrum of standard lower side band SSB-AM signal will be

a)

b)

c)

the amplitude sensitivity of the modulator is ka = 0.1, then the transmission efﬁciency of the

resultant AM signal will be

a) 4.76% b) 9.09% c) 33.33% d) 50%

2

Q.9 A Gaussian message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = 𝑒 −𝑡 V is applied to a phase modulator. If the phase

sensitivity of the modulator is kp = 8000π rad/V, then the maximum frequency deviation of the

resultant PM signal will be ____kHz

If this message signal m(t) is applied to an FM modulator whose frequency sensitivity is kf =

0.5 Hz/V, then the maximum phase deviation of the resultant FM signal will be _____ radians

quantized using an 8-bit quantizer. The resultant binary bits are baseband modelled using

raised cosine pulses with a roll-off factor of unity. The minimum channel bandwidth required to

transmit this baseband signal will be ____kHz

𝜋

Q.12 The message signal 𝑚(𝑡) = 2𝑐𝑜𝑠(400𝑡) + 4𝑠𝑖𝑛 (500𝑡 + ) DSB-SC modulates the

3

carrier signal c(t) = 10cos(8000t). The average power of the modulated signal will be ____W

Q.13 If some carrier (8𝑐𝑜𝑠106 𝜋𝑡) and message signal (4𝑐𝑜𝑠103 𝜋𝑡)are used to produce

both AM and FM, which are having same modulation index. If both modulated waves

(FM,AM) are added and the resulting wave is transmitted, then the total ttransmitted power

in watts is _____

Q.14 A wide sense stationary random process X(t) passes through the LTI system shown in

the figure. If the power spectral density of X(t) is Sx(⍵), then the power spectral density of

output Sy(⍵) is

b) 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔) + 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 −𝑗𝜔𝑇0 + 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 𝑗𝜔𝑇0

c) 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔) − 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 −𝑗𝜔𝑇0 − 𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 𝑗𝜔𝑇0

d) 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔) − 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 −𝑗𝜔𝑇0 − 2𝑆𝑥 (𝜔)𝑒 𝑗𝜔𝑇0

Q.15 The signal x(t ) cos(200 t ) 0.2 cos(700 t ) is sampled with a rectangular pulse train of

400 pulses per second with a duty cycle of 0.5. If the sampled waveform is passed through

an ideal band pass filter with center frequency, 600Hz and bandwidth 400Hz. The

frequencies in the output of the filter are

a) 450 Hz, 500 Hz, 700 Hz

b) 500 Hz, 750 Hz

c) 450 Hz, 500 Hz, 700 Hz, 750 Hz

d) 450 Hz, 500 Hz, 750 Hz

Q.16 The signal 2[1+0.4Cos(6000πt)] Cos (106πt) is applied to a square law device described by

y x 4 , where y is the output and x is the input .The output of the square law device is filtered by

2

an ideal low pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 8KHz. The spectral components at the output of the

LPF are

(a) 5KHz & 600 KHz (b) 5KHz & 3 KHz

(c) 3 KHz & 600 KHz (d) 3KHz & 6 KHz

Q.17 A signal m(t) is shown in figure given below the signal is once used to frequency modulate a carrier and

the next time to phase modulate the same carrier.

The relationship between k p & k f such that the maximum phase of the modulated signal in both cases are equal

is

(a) k p 3k f (b) k f 3k p

(c) k p (k f ) (d) k f 1.5k p

The message signal m (t) has a bandwidth of 10 kHz a power of 16 W and a maximum amplitude of 6. It is

desirable to transmit this message to a destination via a channel with 80 – dB attenuation and additive white noise

N0

with power- spectral density Sn (f ) 1012 W / Hz and achieve a SNR at the modular output of at least

2

50 dB.

Q.18 What is the required transmitter power (in kW) and channel bandwidth (in kHz) if DSB AM modulation

schemes is employed?

(a) 100, 20 (b) 200, 20

(c) 100, 10 (d) 200, 10

Q.19 What is the required transmitter power ( in kW) and channel bandwidth (in kHz) if conventional AM

modulation scheme (with modulation index of 0.8) is employed ?

(a) 100, 20 (b) 909, 20

(c) 100, 10 (d) 200, 10

Q.20 The Laplace distribution of a random variable `X’ is given by its density function

f x 0.5exp x

Its mean value and standard deviation are respectively given by

(a) 1, 1/ 2 (b) 1, 2

(c) 0, 2 (d) 0.5, 2

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