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Year 10 Electricity – Assessment Task Name: ____________________

Max: 80 marks
Part A - Series Circuits - Current

In this lesson you will investigate the current and voltage in


series circuits. You will measure these using an ammeter and a
voltmeter. To do this you will need to set up a series circuit.
Start by constructing this circuit:

Set Voltage to 10V exactly for these experiment

Next, you will need to measure the current in different places in the circuit. To do this, you
need to place the ammeter in the circuit at each of the places shown on this diagram (once
before the bulb, once after). Record the readings on your ammeter.

A1 = ________ Amps

A2 = ________ Amps

[2]

Now investigate the different when you add second bulb to the circuit. You will need to use
your ammeter in three different places this time.

A1 = ________ Amps

A2 = ________ Amps

A3 = ________ Amps [3]

Q1. What have you found out about the current in a series circuit? [2 marks]
Part B - Series Circuits - Voltage
Now you will look at voltage. Voltage is the measure of potential difference. It tells us how
much ‘push’ is left in a circuit at any point. To measure this, we find the difference in push
between two parts of a circuit using a voltmeter. Because
e the voltmeter compares the ‘push’ in two
different places, it must be placed in parallel across
the circuit – it does not form part of the circuit itself.

This diagram shows how a voltmeter can be


connected across a single bulb in a circuit:
Measure the voltage across this light bulb:

Vo = ________ Volts

Next, you will need to measure the voltage in


different places in the circuit. To do this, you need to place the voltmeter in the circuit at each
of the places shown on this diagram (once before the bulb, once after). Record the readings on
your voltmeter.

Set Voltage to 10V exactly for these experiment

V1 = ________ Volts

V2 = ________ Volts

V3 = ________ Volts

V1 + V2 = ________ Volts

[4]

Q.2 What have you found out about the voltage in a series circuit? [3 marks]
Part C - Parallel Circuits - Current
In this lesson you will investigate the current and voltage in parallel circuits to understand
the advantages they have. First, your teacher will measure the current at various points in a
series circuit.
Set Voltage to 10V exactly for these experiment

A1 = ________ Amps

A2 = ________ Amps

A3 = ________ Amps

A4 = ________ Amps

Draw the current flow using arrows [2] A2 + A3 = ________ Amps [5]

Q3. What have you found out about the current in a parallel circuit? [3 marks]
(Remember to compare your results to your findings for your series circuits)

Part D - Parallel Circuits - Voltage


You will need to measure the voltage in different places in the circuit. To do this, you need to place the
voltmeter in the circuit at each of the places shown on this diagram (once before the bulb, once after). Record
the readings on your voltmeter.

V1 = ________ Volts

V2 = ________ Volts

V3 = ________ Volts

Q4. What have you found out about the voltage in a parallel circuit? [3 marks]
(Remember to compare your results to your findings for your series circuits)
Part E: Measure the current with different voltage
Resistance = Voltage / Current (in Ohms)

R = V/I
Correct your answer to 1 decimal place.

Complete the above table [ 6 marks ]

Voltage V (V) Current I (A) V/I =? Ω


2
4
6
8
10
12
You are required to plot a graph with the current as the horizontal axis and the voltage as
the vertical axis. Label the graph with units. [6]
Q5. What is the relationship between the voltage and current? [2 marks]

Q6. Given Resistance = V/I, is the resistance of in the light bulb the same at different voltage.
[3 marks]

Q7 From the graph, find out the current (Draw the lines in the graph)

a) when the voltage is at 3 Volts _____________________ [1]

b) when the voltage is at 5 Volts _____________________ [1]

c) when the voltage is at 10.5 Volts _____________________ [1]

Part F: Measure the current with different resistors


Q8 Draw a circuit diagram to show the set up of
this example. You need the battery,
resistor, wires, ammeter. [ 2 marks ]

Complete the table: [12 marks]


Resistor Current at Current at Current at
? Ohms 4V 6V 10V

Q9. What did you find from the above results? [3 marks]
Plot a graph of the Current verses Resistance at 10 Volts [ 5 marks ]
(Using the results from Part F)

Q10. Use a 10 Ohms resistor to find out the current at different voltage.
Complete the table [ 6 marks ] Calculate V/I and correct to 1 decimal place.
Voltage V (V) Current I (A) V/I =
2
4
6
8
10
12
Q11. What did you find out from the above results? [ 3 marks ]

Q12. Calculate the following: (Correct to 2 decimal places) [6 marks]


a) What is the resistance of the light bulb if the voltage is 7 V and the current is 0.15A?

b) What is the voltage of the circuit if the resistance is 25 Ω and the current is 0.6A?

c) What is the current if the resistance is 5 Ω and the voltage is 14V?

Q13. Using the information from these experiments, find the resistance of the light bulb at 9V.
How did you do it? [3 marks ]