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Просмотров: 3433 стр.Plane and Solid Geometry

Jun 24, 2018

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Plane and Solid Geometry

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Plane and Solid Geometry

© All Rights Reserved

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WT = 5

5

1. ABCD has vertices A (–4, –1), B(–2, 3), C(3, 3),

and D(5, –1).

3. Verify that ABCD is a trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

First graph the points on a coordinate grid and draw

the trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

The trapezoid ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. So,

each pair of base angles is congruent. Therefore,

ANSWER:

101

2. WT, if ZX = 20 and TY = 15

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of

the trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

The trapezoid WXYZ is an isosceles trapezoid. So, the

diagonals are congruent. Therefore, WY = ZX.

WT + TY = ZX The slopes of exactly one pair of opposite sides are

WT + 15 = 20 equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the

WT = 5 quadrilateral ABCD is a trapezoid.

ANSWER: ANSWER:

5 ABCD is a trapezoid.

COORDINATE GEOMETRY Quadrilateral

ABCD has vertices A (–4, –1), B(–2, 3), C(3, 3), 4. Determine whether ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

and D(5, –1). Explain.

3. Verify that ABCD is a trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

SOLUTION: Refer to the graph of the trapezoid.

First graph the points on a coordinate grid and draw

the trapezoid.

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of

Page 1

the quadrilateral.

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of

the trapezoid.

quadrilateral ABCD is a trapezoid. The lengths of the legs are equal. Therefore, ABCD

is an isosceles trapezoid.

ANSWER:

ANSWER:

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites

ABCD is a trapezoid.

isosceles;

4. Determine whether ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. 5. GRIDDED REPSONSE In the figure, is the

Explain. midsegment of trapezoid TWRV. Determine the value

SOLUTION: of x.

Refer to the graph of the trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases.

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of

the quadrilateral. are the bases and is the

midsegment. So,

Solve for x.

16 = 14.8 + x

1.2 = x

ANSWER:

The slopes of exactly one pair of opposite sides are 1.2

equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the

quadrilateral ABCD is a trapezoid. CCSS SENSE-MAKING If ABCD is a kite, find

Use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the each measure.

legs of the trapezoid. 6. AB

is an isosceles trapezoid.

ANSWER:

SOLUTION:

isosceles;

By the Pythagorean Theorem,

2 2 2

5. GRIDDED REPSONSE In the figure, is the AB = 4 + 3 = 25

midsegment of trapezoid TWRV. Determine the value

of x.

ANSWER:

5

7.

SOLUTION:

By the

eSolutions Trapezoid

Manual Midsegment

- Powered Theorem, the

by Cognero Page 2

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

So,

ANSWER: ANSWER:

6-6 Trapezoids

5 and Kites 100

7. 9.

SOLUTION: SOLUTION:

∠A is an obtuse angle and ∠C is an acute angle. The trapezoid QRST is an isosceles trapezoid so each

Since a kite can only have one pair of opposite pair of base angles is congruent. So,

congruent

angles and The sum of the measures of the angles of a

quadrilateral is 360.

Let m∠Q = m∠T = x.

The sum of the measures of the angles of a

quadrilateral is 360.

So,

ANSWER:

70

ANSWER: 10. JL, if KP = 4 and PM = 7

70

8.

SOLUTION:

The trapezoid JKLM is an isosceles trapezoid. So,

SOLUTION: the diagonals are congruent. Therefore, KM = JL.

The trapezoid JKLM is an isosceles trapezoid so KM = KP + PM

each pair of base angles is congruent. So, =4+7

= 11

The sum of the measures of the angles of a JL = KM = 11

quadrilateral is 360.

ANSWER:

Let m∠J = m∠K = x.

11

11. PW, if XZ = 18 and PY = 3

So,

ANSWER:

100

9.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 3

SOLUTION:

The trapezoid WXYZ is an isosceles trapezoid. So, the

= 11 3 + PW = 18

JL = KM = 11 PW = 15

ANSWER: and Kites

6-6 Trapezoids ANSWER:

11 15

quadrilateral with the given vertices, verify that

the quadrilateral is a trapezoid and determine

whether the figure is an isosceles trapezoid.

12. A(–2, 5), B(–3, 1), C(6, 1), D(3, 5)

SOLUTION:

First graph the trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

The trapezoid WXYZ is an isosceles trapezoid. So, the

diagonals are congruent. Therefore, YW = XZ.

YP + PW = XZ.

3 + PW = 18

PW = 15

ANSWER:

15

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of

COORDINATE GEOMETRY For each the quadrilateral.

quadrilateral with the given vertices, verify that

the quadrilateral is a trapezoid and determine

whether the figure is an isosceles trapezoid.

12. A(–2, 5), B(–3, 1), C(6, 1), D(3, 5)

SOLUTION:

First graph the trapezoid.

equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the

quadrilateral ABCD is a trapezoid.

Use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the

legs of the trapezoid.

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of The lengths of the legs are not equal. Therefore,

the quadrilateral. ABCD is not an isosceles trapezoid.

ANSWER:

ABCD is a trapezoid, but not

isosceles since and CD = 5.

SOLUTION:

First graph the trapezoid.

The slopes of exactly one pair of opposite sides are

equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the

quadrilateral ABCD is a trapezoid.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 4

Use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the

legs of the trapezoid.

ANSWER:

ANSWER:

ABCD is a trapezoid, but not

JKLM is a trapezoid, but not

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites and CD = 5.

isosceles since

isosceles since and JM = 5.

13. J(–4, –6), K(6, 2), L(1, 3), M (–4, –1) 14. Q(2, 5), R(–2, 1), S(–1, –6), T(9, 4)

SOLUTION: SOLUTION:

First graph the trapezoid. First graph the trapezoid.

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of the quadrilateral.

the quadrilateral.

The slopes of exactly one pair of opposite sides are equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the

equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the quadrilateral QRST is a trapezoid.

quadrilateral JKLM is a trapezoid. Use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the

Use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the legs of the trapezoid.

legs of the trapezoid.

The lengths of the legs are equal. Therefore, QRST

is an isosceles trapezoid.

The lengths of the legs are not equal. Therefore,

ANSWER:

JKLM is not an isosceles trapezoid.

QRST is a trapezoid, Isosceles

ANSWER:

since .

JKLM is a trapezoid, but not

isosceles since and JM = 5. 15. W(–5, –1), X(–2, 2), Y(3, 1), Z(5, –3)

SOLUTION:

14. Q(2, 5), R(–2, 1), S(–1, –6), T(9, 4)

First graph the trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

First graph the trapezoid.

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of

ANSWER: ANSWER:

QRST is a trapezoid, Isosceles WXYZ is a trapezoid, but not

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites

since . isosceles since .

15. W(–5, –1), X(–2, 2), Y(3, 1), Z(5, –3) For trapezoid QRTU, V and S are midpoints of

the legs.

SOLUTION:

First graph the trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases.

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of are the bases and is the

the quadrilateral. midsegment. So,

ANSWER:

17

The slopes of exactly one pair of opposite sides are

equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the SOLUTION:

quadrilateral WXYZ is a trapezoid. By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

Use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

legs of the trapezoid. and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases.

are the bases and is the

midsegment. So,

The lengths of the legs are not equal. Therefore,

WXYZ is not an isosceles trapezoid.

ANSWER:

WXYZ is a trapezoid, but not

isosceles since . ANSWER:

10

For trapezoid QRTU, V and S are midpoints of

the legs. 18. If VS = 9 and UT = 12, find QR.

SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases.

16. If QR = 12 and UT = 22, find VS. are the bases and is the

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 6

SOLUTION: midsegment. So,

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

ANSWER: and Kites

6-6 Trapezoids ANSWER:

10 8

SOLUTION: SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases. the bases.

are the bases and is the are the bases and is the

midsegment. So, midsegment. So,

ANSWER: ANSWER:

6 12

19. If TU = 26 and SV = 17, find QR. 21. If RQ = 5 and VS = 11, find UT.

SOLUTION: SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases. the bases.

are the bases and is the are the bases and is the

midsegment. So, midsegment. So,

ANSWER: ANSWER:

8 17

20. If QR = 2 and VS = 7, find UT. 22. DESIGN Juana is designing a window box. She

wants the end of the box to be a trapezoid with the

SOLUTION: dimensions shown. If she wants to put a shelf in the

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the middle for the plants to rest on, about how wide

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base should she make the shelf?

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases.

are the bases and is the

midsegment. So,

SOLUTION:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

The length of the midsegment of the trapezoid isPage 7

about the width of the shelf.

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

sides of the box, the width of the shelf is about 17

inches.

ANSWER: and Kites

6-6 Trapezoids ANSWER:

17 17 in

22. DESIGN Juana is designing a window box. She 23. MUSIC The keys of the xylophone shown form a

wants the end of the box to be a trapezoid with the trapezoid. If the length of the lower pitched C is 6

dimensions shown. If she wants to put a shelf in the inches long, and the higher pitched D is 1.8 inches

middle for the plants to rest on, about how wide long, how long is the G key?

should she make the shelf?

SOLUTION:

SOLUTION: The G key is the midsegment of the trapezoid.

The length of the midsegment of the trapezoid is By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

about the width of the shelf. midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base the bases. So, the length of the G key is

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases. The length of the bases are 22 inches and

12 inches. So, the length of the midsegment is:

ANSWER:

3.9 in

Therefore, without knowing the thickness of the

sides of the box, the width of the shelf is about 17 CCSS SENSE-MAKING If WXYZ is a kite, find

inches. each measure.

24. YZ

ANSWER:

17 in

trapezoid. If the length of the lower pitched C is 6

inches long, and the higher pitched D is 1.8 inches

long, how long is the G key?

SOLUTION:

By the Pythagorean Theorem,

2 2 2

XY = 8 + 5 = 89

consecutive congruent sides. So,

SOLUTION:

The G key is the midsegment of the trapezoid. Therefore,

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

ANSWER:

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases. So, the length of the G key is

25. WP

ANSWER:

3.9 in

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 8

CCSS SENSE-MAKING If WXYZ is a kite, find

each measure.

24. YZ

Therefore,

So,

ANSWER:

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites ANSWER:

117

25. WP 27.

SOLUTION:

SOLUTION: A kite can only have one pair of opposite congruent

By the Pythagorean Theorem,

2 2 2 2 2

angles and

WP = WX – XP = 6 – 4 = 20 Let m∠X = m∠Z = x.

The sum of the measures of the angles of a

quadrilateral is 360.

ANSWER:

26. So,

ANSWER:

75

theorem.

28. Theorem 6.21

SOLUTION: SOLUTION:

A kite can only have one pair of opposite congruent You need to walk through the proof step by step.

angles and Look over what you are given and what you need to

Let m∠X = m∠Z = x. prove. Here, you are given ABCD is an isosceles

The sum of the measures of the angles of a trapezoid. . You need to prove

quadrilateral is 360. that . Use the

properties that you have learned about trapezoids to

walk through the proof.

So,

Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

ANSWER:

117 Prove:

27.

SOLUTION: .

A kite can only have one pair of opposite congruent

Since and parallel lines are everywhere

angles and

equidistant, . Perpendicular lines form right

Let m∠X = m∠Z = x. angles, so are right angles. So,

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 9

The sum of the measures of the angles of a

quadrilateral is 360. are right triangles by definition.

Therefore, by HL. by

isosceles trapezoid. Use the properties that you have

Proof: Draw auxiliary segments so that learned about trapezoids to walk through the proof.

.

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites Given: ABCD is a trapezoid;

Since and parallel lines are everywhere

equidistant, . Perpendicular lines form right Prove: Trapezoid ABCD is isosceles.

angles, so are right angles. So,

are right triangles by definition.

Therefore, by HL. by

CPCTC. Since are right angles

and all right angles are congruent, .

by CPCTC. So,

by angle addition. Proof: By the Parallel Postulate, we can draw the

auxillary line . , by the Corr.

ANSWER:

Thm. We are given that , so by the

Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. Trans. Prop, . So, is isosceles

and . From the def. of a trapezoid,

Prove: . Since both pairs of opposite sides are

parallel, ABED is a parallelogram. So, . By

the Transitive Property, . Thus, ABCD is

an isosceles trapezoid.

ANSWER:

Given: ABCD is a trapezoid;

.

Since and parallel lines are everywhere

equidistant, . Perpendicular lines form right

angles, so are right angles. So,

are right triangles by definition.

Therefore, by HL. by Proof: By the Parallel Postulate, we can draw the

CPCTC. Since are right angles auxillary line . , by the Corr.

and all right angles are congruent, . Thm. We are given that , so by the

by CPCTC. So, Trans. Prop, . So, is isosceles

by angle addition.

and . From the def. of a trapezoid,

. Since both pairs of opposite sides are

29. Theorem 6.22

parallel, ABED is a parallelogram. So, . By

SOLUTION:

the Transitive Property, . Thus, ABCD is

You need to walk through the proof step by step. an isosceles trapezoid.

Look over what you are given and what you need to

prove. Here, you are given ABCD is a trapezoid; 30. Theorem 6.23

. You need to prove that ABCD is an

isosceles trapezoid. Use the properties that you have SOLUTION:

learned about trapezoids to walk through the proof. You need to walk through the proof step by step.

Look over what you are given and what you need to

Given: ABCD is a trapezoid; prove. Here, you are given ABCD is a trapezoid;

. You need to prove that trapezoid ABCD

Prove: Trapezoid ABCD is isosceles. is isosceles. Use the properties that you have learned

about trapezoids to walk through the proof.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Given: ABCD is a trapezoid; Page 10

prove. Here, you are given ABCD is a trapezoid; congruent. by HL and

. You need to prove that trapezoid ABCD by CPCTC. Since by

is isosceles. Use the properties that you have learned the Reflexive Property of Congruence,

about trapezoids

6-6 Trapezoids and to walk through the proof.

Kites (SAS). by CPCTC, so

trapezoid ABCD is isosceles.

Given: ABCD is a trapezoid; 31. Theorem 6.25

SOLUTION:

Prove: Trapezoid ABCD is isosceles.

You need to walk through the proof step by step.

Look over what you are given and what you need to

prove. Here, you are given ABCD is a kite with

. You need to prove

. Use the properties that you have learned

Proof: It is given that ABCD is a trapezoid with about kites to walk through the proof.

. Draw auxiliary segments so that

. Since perpendicular lines Given: ABCD is a kite with

form right angles, are right

angles. Therefore, are right

triangles by definition. because two lines in

a plane perpendicular to the same line are parallel

since opposite sides of a trapezoid are

congruent. by HL and

by CPCTC. Since by

the Reflexive Property of Congruence, Prove:

(SAS). by CPCTC, so Proof: We know that . So,

trapezoid ABCD is isosceles. B and D are both equidistant from A and C.

If a point is equidistant from the endpoints of a

ANSWER: segment, then it is on the perpendicular bisector of

Given: ABCD is a trapezoid; the segment. The line that contains B and D is the

perpendicular bisector of , since only one line

Prove: Trapezoid ABCD is isosceles.

exists through two points. Thus, .

ANSWER:

Given: ABCD is a kite with

. Draw auxiliary segments so that

. Since perpendicular lines

form right angles, are right

angles. Therefore, are right

triangles by definition. because two lines in

a plane perpendicular to the same line are parallel Prove:

since opposite sides of a trapezoid are Proof: We know that . So,

congruent. by HL and B and D are both equidistant from A and C.

by CPCTC. Since by If a point is equidistant from the endpoints of a

the Reflexive Property of Congruence, segment, then it is on the perpendicular bisector of

the segment. The line that contains B and D is the

(SAS). by CPCTC, so

trapezoid ABCD is isosceles. perpendicular bisector of , since only one line

exists through two points. Thus, .

31. Theorem 6.25

32. Theorem 6.26

SOLUTION:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero SOLUTION: Page 11

You need to walk through the proof step by step.

Look over what you are given and what you need to You need to walk through the proof step by step.

prove. Here, you are given ABCD is a kite with Look over what you are given and what you need to

If a point is equidistant from the endpoints of a

by definition, which cannot be true because we are

segment, then it is on the perpendicular bisector of

given that ABCD is a kite. Therefore,

the segment. The line that contains B and D is the

.

perpendicularand

6-6 Trapezoids bisector

Kitesof , since only one line

exists through two points. Thus, . 33. PROOF Write a coordinate proof for Theorem 6.24.

32. Theorem 6.26 SOLUTION:

SOLUTION: Begin by positioning trapezoid ABCD on a coordinate

plane. Place vertex D at the origin with the longer

You need to walk through the proof step by step. base along the x-axis. Let the distance from D to A

Look over what you are given and what you need to be a units, the distance from A to B b units, and the

prove. Here, you are given ABCD is a kite. You distance from B to C c units. Let the length of the

need to prove . Use the bases be a units and the height be c units. Then the

properties that you have learned about kites to walk rest of the vertices are A(a, d), B(a + b, d), and C(a

through the proof. + b + c, 0). You need to walk through the proof step

by step. Look over what you are given and what you

Given: ABCD is a kite need to prove. Here, you are given ABCD is a

Prove: trapezoid with median and you need to prove

. Use the

properties that you have learned about trapezoids to

walk through the proof.

Given: ABCD is a trapezoid with median .

Prove:

Proof: We know that by the

Proof:

definition of a kite. by the Reflexive

Property. Therefore, by SSS.

by CPCTC.

If , then ABCD is a parallelogram

by definition, which cannot be true because we are

given that ABCD is a kite. Therefore,

.

By the definition of the median of a trapezoid, E is

ANSWER: the midpoint of and F is the midpoint of .

Given: ABCD is a kite

Prove: Midpoint E is .

Midpoint F is

.

slope of . Thus, .

definition of a kite. by the Reflexive

Property. Therefore, by SSS.

by CPCTC.

If , then ABCD is a parallelogram

by definition, which cannot be true because we are

given that ABCD is a kite. Therefore,

.

SOLUTION:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 12

Begin by positioning trapezoid ABCD on a coordinate

plane. Place vertex D at the origin with the longer

base along the x-axis. Let the distance from D to A

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites

Thus, . Thus, .

Given: ABCD is a trapezoid with median . quadrilateral ABCD.

Prove:

Proof:

By the definition of the median of a trapezoid, E is

is it isosceles? Explain.

the midpoint of and F is the midpoint of . b. Is the midsegment contained in the line with

equation y = – x + 1? Justify your answer.

Midpoint E is .

c. Find the length of the midsegment.

Midpoint F is

SOLUTION:

. a. Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides

of the quadrilateral.

The slope of , the slope of , and the

slope of . Thus, .

The slopes of exactly one pair of opposite sides are

equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the

quadrilateral ABCD is a trapezoid.

Use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the

legs of the trapezoid.

Thus, .

The slopes of exactly one pair of opposite sides are

equal. So, they are parallel. Therefore, the b. No; it is not to the bases which have slopes of

quadrilateral ABCD is a trapezoid.

, while y = –x + 1 has a slope of –1.

Use the Distance

6-6 Trapezoids Formula to find the lengths of the

and Kites

legs of the trapezoid. c. 7.5 units

ALGEBRA ABCD is a trapezoid.

The lengths of the legs are not equal. Therefore,

ABCD is not an isosceles trapezoid.

35. If AC = 3x – 7 and BD = 2x + 8, find the value of x

so that ABCD is isosceles.

b. By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base SOLUTION:

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of The trapezoid ABCD will be an isosceles trapezoid if

the bases. Here, the slope of the bases of the the diagonals are congruent.

AC = BD

trapezoid is But the slope of the line with the 3x – 7 = 2x + 8

equation y = –x + 1 is –1. So, they are not parallel. x = 15

c. Use the Distance formula to find the lengths of the When x = 15 ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

bases. ANSWER:

15

36. If , find

the value of x so that ABCD is isosceles.

The length of the midpoint is one half the sum of the

lengths of the bases. So, the length is SOLUTION:

The trapezoid ABCD will be an isosceles trapezoid if

each pair of base angles is congruent.

ANSWER: m∠ABC = m∠ABC

a. ABCD is a trapezoid, but not 4x + 11 = 2x + 33

2x = 22

isosceles, because and CD = 4. x = 11

b. No; it is not to the bases which have slopes of

When x = 11, ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

, while y = –x + 1 has a slope of –1.

ANSWER:

c. 7.5 units

11

ALGEBRA ABCD is a trapezoid.

SPORTS The end of the batting cage shown is an

isosceles trapezoid. If PT = 12 feet, ST = 28 feet, and

, find each measure.

so that ABCD is isosceles.

SOLUTION:

37. TR

The trapezoid ABCD will be an isosceles trapezoid if

the diagonals are congruent. SOLUTION:

AC = BD Since the trapezoid PQRS is an isosceles trapezoid

3x – 7 = 2x + 8 the diagonals are congruent. By SSS Postulate,

x

eSolutions = 15- Powered by Cognero

Manual

By CPCTC, Page 14

. So,

is an isosceles triangle, then TR = ST = 28 ft.

When x = 15 ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

= 40

When x = 11, ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. Therefore, SQ = 40 ft.

ANSWER: and Kites

6-6 Trapezoids ANSWER:

11 40 ft

isosceles trapezoid. If PT = 12 feet, ST = 28 feet, and

SOLUTION:

, find each measure.

Since the trapezoid ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid,

both pairs of base angles are congruent. So,

Let

m∠QRS = m∠PSR = x.

The sum of the measures of the angles of a

quadrilateral is 360.

37. TR

SOLUTION:

Since the trapezoid PQRS is an isosceles trapezoid

the diagonals are congruent. By SSS Postulate,

So,

By CPCTC, . So,

is an isosceles triangle, then TR = ST = 28 ft. ANSWER:

70

ANSWER:

28 ft 40.

SOLUTION:

38. SQ

Since the trapezoid ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid,

SOLUTION: each pair of base angles is congruent. So,

Since the trapezoid PQRS is an isosceles trapezoid,

the diagonals are congruent. By SSS Postulate,

So, by CPCTC. ANSWER:

Therefore, is an isosceles triangle and then 110

TQ = TP = 12 ft.

ALGEBRA For trapezoid QRST, M and P are

SQ = ST + TQ midpoints of the legs.

= 28 + 12

= 40

Therefore, SQ = 40 ft.

ANSWER:

40 ft

41. If QR = 16, PM = 12, and TS = 4x, find x.

39.

SOLUTION:

SOLUTION: By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

Since the trapezoid ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid, midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

both pairs of base angles are congruent. So, and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

Let the bases.

m∠QRS = m∠PSR = x. are the bases and is the

The sum of the measures of the angles of a midsegment. So,

quadrilateral is 360.

Solve for x.

So,

ANSWER:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 15

70

40. ANSWER:

each pair of base angles is congruent. So,

ANSWER: and Kites

6-6 Trapezoids ANSWER:

110 5

ALGEBRA For trapezoid QRST, M and P are 43. If PM = 2x, QR = 3x, and TS = 10, find PM.

midpoints of the legs.

SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases.

are the bases and is the

41. If QR = 16, PM = 12, and TS = 4x, find x.

midsegment. So,

SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases. Solve for x.

are the bases and is the

midsegment. So,

ANSWER:

20

Solve for x.

SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

ANSWER: the bases.

2 are the bases and is the

midsegment. So,

42. If TS = 2x, PM = 20, and QR = 6x, find x.

SOLUTION:

By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

Solve for x.

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases.

are the bases and is the

midsegment. So,

ANSWER:

8

Solve for x. shown is an isosceles trapezoid. If EC = 9

inches, DB = 19 inches,

, find each

measure.

ANSWER:

5

SOLUTION:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 16

midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

45. AE

diagonals are congruent.

AC = BD = 19 in.

ANSWER: and Kites

6-6 Trapezoids ANSWER:

8 19 in.

shown is an isosceles trapezoid. If EC = 9

inches, DB = 19 inches, SOLUTION:

, find each The trapezoid ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. So,

each pair of base angles is congruent.

measure.

The sum of the measures of the angles of a

45. AE quadrilateral is 360.

SOLUTION:

The trapezoid PQRS is an isosceles trapezoid. So, the

diagonals are congruent. So,

AC = BD

AE + EC = BD ANSWER:

AE = 19 – 9 = 10 inches. 105

ANSWER: 48.

10 in. SOLUTION:

By Alternate Interior Angle Theorem,

46. AC m∠EDC = m∠ABE = 40

SOLUTION: ANSWER:

The trapezoid PQRS is an isosceles trapezoid. So, the 40

diagonals are congruent.

AC = BD = 19 in. ALGEBRA WXYZ is a kite.

ANSWER:

19 in.

47.

SOLUTION:

The trapezoid ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. So,

each pair of base angles is congruent. 49. If and

find .

SOLUTION:

∠WZY is an acute angle and ∠WXY is an obtuse

angle. A kite can only have one pair of opposite

Let m∠BCD = m∠ADC = x. congruent angles and .

The sum of the measures of the angles of a So, m∠ZYX = m∠ZWX= 10x.

quadrilateral is 360.

The sum of the measures of the angles of a

quadrilateral is 360.

So,

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

ANSWER: Page 17

105

Therefore, m∠ZYX = 10(10) = 100.

By Alternate Interior Angle Theorem, Therefore, m∠ZYX = 13(7) + 14 = 105.

m∠EDC = m∠ABE = 40

ANSWER:

ANSWER: and Kites

6-6 Trapezoids 105

40

CCSS ARGUMENTS Write a two-column

ALGEBRA WXYZ is a kite. proof.

51. Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

Prove:

49. If and

find . SOLUTION:

You need to walk through the proof step by step.

SOLUTION: Look over what you are given and what you need to

∠WZY is an acute angle and ∠WXY is an obtuse prove. Here, you are given ABCD is an isosceles

angle. A kite can only have one pair of opposite trapezoid.. You need to prove . Use

congruent angles and . the properties that you have learned about trapezoids

So, m∠ZYX = m∠ZWX= 10x. to walk through the proof.

The sum of the measures of the angles of a Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

quadrilateral is 360. Prove:

ANSWER: Statements(Reasons)

100 1. ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

(Given)

50. If and 2. (Def. of isos. trap.)

find . 3. (Refl. Prop.)

SOLUTION: 4. (Diags. of isos. trap. are .)

∠WZY is an acute angle and ∠WXY is an obtuse 5.

angle. A kite can only have one pair of opposite (SSS)

congruent angles and . 6. (CPCTC)

So, m∠ZYX = m∠WXY= 13x + 14 ANSWER:

The sum of the measures of the angles of a Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

quadrilateral is 360. Prove:

ANSWER: Statements(Reasons)

105 1. ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

(Given)

CCSS ARGUMENTS Write a two-column

proof. 2. (Def. of isos. trap.)

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 18

51. Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. 3. (Refl. Prop.)

Prove: 4. (Diags. of isos. trap. are .)

1. ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. 1. ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid.

(Given) (Given)

2. (Def. of isos. trap.) 2. (Def. of isos. trap.)

6-6 Trapezoids

3. and Kites

(Refl. Prop.) 3. (Refl. Prop.)

4. (Diags. of isos. trap. are .) 4. (Diags. of isos. trap. are .)

5. 5.

(SSS) (SSS)

6. (CPCTC) 6. (CPCTC)

ANSWER:

Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. 52. Given:

Prove:

Prove: WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.

Statements(Reasons)

1. ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. SOLUTION:

(Given)

You need to walk through the proof step by step.

2. (Def. of isos. trap.) Look over what you are given and what you need to

3. (Refl. Prop.) prove. Here, you are given

You need to

4. (Diags. of isos. trap. are .)

5. prove that WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.. Use the

(SSS) properties that you have learned about trapezoids to

6. (CPCTC) walk through the proof.

52. Given:

Given:

Prove: WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.

Prove: WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

You need to walk through the proof step by step.

Look over what you are given and what you need to Statements(Reasons)

prove. Here, you are given 1. . (Given)

You need to

2. (Mult. Prop.)

prove that WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.. Use the 3. WX = VY (Def. of midpt.)

properties that you have learned about trapezoids to

walk through the proof. 4. (Def. of segs.)

5. (Given)

6. (If corr. , lines are .)

7. WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.

(Def. of isos. trap.)

Given:

ANSWER:

Prove: WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 19

Given:

5. (Given)

6. (If corr. , lines are .) ANSWER:

7. WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.

Sometimes; opp are supplementary in an

(Def. of isos.and

6-6 Trapezoids trap.)

Kites isosceles trapezoid.

ANSWER:

54. One pair of opposite sides are parallel in a kite.

Given:

SOLUTION:

Prove: WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid. In a kite, exactly two pairs of adjacent sides are

congruent.

Statements(Reasons)

1. . (Given)

2. (Mult. Prop.)

3. WX = VY (Def. of midpt.) So, the statement is never true.

4. (Def. of segs.)

5. (Given) ANSWER:

Never; exactly two pairs of adjacent sides are

6. (If corr. , lines are .)

congruent.

7. WXYV is an isosceles trapezoid.

(Def. of isos. trap.) 55. A square is a rhombus.

Determine whether each statement is always, SOLUTION:

sometimes, or never true. Explain. By definition, a square is a quadrilateral with 4 right

53. The opposite angles of a trapezoid are angles and 4 congruent sides. Since by definition, a

supplementary. rhombus is a quadrilateral with 4 congruent sides a

square is always a rhombus but a rhombus is not a

SOLUTION:

square. So, the statement is always true.

The opposite angles of an isosceles trapezoid are

supplementary but if a trapezoid is not isosceles, the ANSWER:

opposite angles are not supplementary. Always; by def., a square is a quadrilateral with 4 rt

and 4 sides. Since by def., a rhombus is a

quadrilateral with 4 sides, a square is always a

rhombus.

If the rectangle has 4 congruent sides, then it is a

ANSWER: square. Otherwise, it is not a square.

Sometimes; opp are supplementary in an

isosceles trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

In a kite, exactly two pairs of adjacent sides are

congruent.

ANSWER: Sample answer:

Always; by def., a square is a quadrilateral with 4 rt You need to walk through the proof step by step.

and 4 sides. Since by def., a rhombus is a Look over what you are given and what you need to

quadrilateral and

6-6 Trapezoids with Kites

4 sides, a square is always a prove. Here, you are given MNPQ is a kite. You

rhombus. need to prove . Use the properties

that you have learned about kites to walk through the

56. A rectangle is a square. proof.

SOLUTION: Given: Kite MNPQ

If the rectangle has 4 congruent sides, then it is a Prove:

square. Otherwise, it is not a square.

Proof:

Statements (Reasons)

1. MNPQ is a kite. (Given)

2. (Def. of a kite)

3. (Refl. Prop.)

4. (SSS)

5. (CPCTC)

So, the statement is sometimes true. 6. (Refl. Prop.)

ANSWER: 7. (SAS)

Sometimes; if the rectangle has 4 sides, then it is a ANSWER:

square. Otherwise, it is not a square. Sample answer:

57. A parallelogram is a rectangle. Given: Kite MNPQ

Prove:

SOLUTION:

A rectangle is a parallelogram but a parallelogram is

a rectangle only if the parallelogram has 4 right

angles or congruent diagonals. So, the statement is

sometimes true.

ANSWER: Proof:

Sometimes; only if the parallelogram has 4 rt Statements (Reasons)

and/or congruent diagonals, is it a rectangle. 1. MNPQ is a kite. (Given)

2. (Def. of a kite)

58. KITES Refer to the kite. Using the properties of 3. (Refl. Prop.)

kites, write a two-column proof to show that

4. (SSS)

is congruent to .

5. (CPCTC)

6. (Refl. Prop.)

7. (SAS)

incorporates all quadrilaterals, including trapezoids,

SOLUTION: isosceles trapezoids, kites, and quadrilaterals that

cannot be classified as anything other than

Sample answer:

quadrilaterals.

You need to walk through the proof step by step.

Look over what you are given and what you need to SOLUTION:

prove. Here, you are given MNPQ is a kite. You To create a Venn diagram that organizes all of the

need to prove . Use the properties quadrilaterals first review the properties of each:

that you have learned about kites to walk through the

parallelogram, rectangle, square, rhombus,

proof.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

trapezoid, isosceles trapezoid, and kites. In a Venn

Page 21

Prove: by an oval. Ovals that overlap show a quadrilateral

prove. Here, you are given MNPQ is a kite. You 6. (Refl. Prop.)

need to prove . Use the properties 7. (SAS)

that you have learned about kites to walk through the

proof.

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites ANSWER:

Sample answer:

Given: Kite MNPQ Given: Kite MNPQ

Prove: Prove:

Proof: Proof:

Statements (Reasons) Statements (Reasons)

1. MNPQ is a kite. (Given) 1. MNPQ is a kite. (Given)

2. (Def. of a kite) 2. (Def. of a kite)

3. (Refl. Prop.) 3. (Refl. Prop.)

4. (SSS) 4. (SSS)

5. (CPCTC) 5. (CPCTC)

6. (Refl. Prop.) 6. (Refl. Prop.)

7. (SAS) 7. (SAS)

Sample answer: incorporates all quadrilaterals, including trapezoids,

Given: Kite MNPQ isosceles trapezoids, kites, and quadrilaterals that

Prove: cannot be classified as anything other than

quadrilaterals.

SOLUTION:

To create a Venn diagram that organizes all of the

quadrilaterals first review the properties of each:

parallelogram, rectangle, square, rhombus,

Proof: trapezoid, isosceles trapezoid, and kites. In a Venn

Statements (Reasons) diagram, each type of quadrilateral is represented

1. MNPQ is a kite. (Given)

by an oval. Ovals that overlap show a quadrilateral

2. (Def. of a kite) that can be classified as different quadrilaterals.

3. (Refl. Prop.)

4. (SSS) Parallelograms have opposite sides that are parallel

5. (CPCTC) and congruent. Rectangles, squares, and rhombi

6. (Refl. Prop.) also have these characteristics. So, draw a large

7. (SAS) circle to represent parallelograms. Then look at the

relationship between rectangles, squares, and

59. VENN DIAGRAM Create a Venn diagram that rhombi. A square is a rectangle but a rectangle is

incorporates all quadrilaterals, including trapezoids, not necessarily a square. A square is a rhombus but

isosceles trapezoids, kites, and quadrilaterals that rhombi are not necessarily squares. Two

cannot be classified as anything other than overlapping ovals represent rectangles and rhombi

quadrilaterals. with squares in the overlapping section.

SOLUTION:

To create a Venn diagram that organizes all of the Neither trapezoids nor kites are parallelograms. A

quadrilaterals first review the properties of each: kite cannot be a trapezoid and a trapezoid cannot

parallelogram, rectangle, square, rhombus, be a kite. So draw separate ovals to represent these

trapezoid, isosceles trapezoid, and kites. In a Venn quadrilaterals. Lastly, an isosceles trapezoid is a

diagram, each type of quadrilateral is represented trapezoid so draw a smaller circle inside the

by an oval. Ovals that overlap show a quadrilateral trapezoid oval to represent these quadrilaterals.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 22

that can be classified as different quadrilaterals.

Parallelograms have opposite sides that are parallel

COORDINATE GEOMETRY Determine

Neither trapezoids nor kites are parallelograms. A whether each figure is a trapezoid, a

kite cannot be a trapezoid and a trapezoid cannot parallelogram,

be a kite. So draw separate ovals to represent these a square, a rhombus, or a quadrilateral given the

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites

quadrilaterals. Lastly, an isosceles trapezoid is a coordinates of the vertices. Choose the most

trapezoid so draw a smaller circle inside the specific term. Explain.

trapezoid oval to represent these quadrilaterals. 60. A(–1, 4), B(2, 6), C(3, 3), D(0, 1)

SOLUTION:

First graph the trapezoid.

the quadrilateral.

ANSWER:

The slopes of each pair of opposite sides are equal.

So, the two pairs of opposite sides are parallel.

Therefore, the quadrilateral ABCD is a

parallelogram.

None of the adjacent sides have slopes whose

product is –1. So, the angles are not right angles.

Use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the

sides of the parallelogram.

whether each figure is a trapezoid, a

parallelogram,

a square, a rhombus, or a quadrilateral given the

coordinates of the vertices. Choose the most No consecutive sides are congruent.

specific term. Explain. Therefore, the quadrilateral ABCD is a

60. A(–1, 4), B(2, 6), C(3, 3), D(0, 1) parallelogram.

SOLUTION: ANSWER:

First graph the trapezoid. Parallelogram; opp. sides , no rt. , no

consecutive sides .

SOLUTION:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 23

Name the additional quadrilaterals PQRS and WXYZ.

ANSWER: b. TABULAR Copy and complete the table below.

Parallelogram; opp. sides , no rt. , no

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites

consecutive sides .

c. VERBAL Make a conjecture about a

61. W(–3, 4), X(3, 4), Y(5, 3), Z(–5, 1) quadrilateral in which the diagonals are

perpendicular, exactly one diagonal is bisected, and

SOLUTION: the diagonals are not congruent.

First graph the trapezoid.

SOLUTION:

a. Sample answer: using a compass and straightedge

to construct the kites ensures accuracy in that the

diagonals are perpendicular and one diagonal bisects

the other diagonal.

the quadrilateral.

classified only as a quadrilateral.

quadrilateral; no parallel sides. table. Use a centimeter ruler and measure to the

nearest tenth.

62. MULTIPLE REPRESENTATIONS In this

problem, you will explore proportions in kites.

c. Look for the pattern in the measurements taken.

Each kite has 2 pairs of congruent consecutive sides.

If the diagonals of a quadrilateral are perpendicular,

exactly one is bisected, and the diagonals are not

congruent, then the quadrilateral is a kite.

ANSWER:

a. GEOMETRIC Draw a segment. Construct a a. Sample answer:

noncongruent segment that perpendicularly bisects

the first segment.

Connect the endpoints of the segments to form a

quadrilateral ABCD. Repeat the process two times.

Name the additional quadrilaterals PQRS and WXYZ.

b. TABULAR Copy and complete the table below.

quadrilateral in which the diagonals are

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 24

perpendicular, exactly one diagonal is bisected, and

the diagonals are not congruent.

If the diagonals of a quadrilateral are perpendicular,

exactly one is bisected, and the diagonals are not c. If the diagonals of a quadrilateral are

congruent, then the quadrilateral is a kite. perpendicular, exactly one is bisected, and the

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites diagonals are not congruent, then the quadrilateral is

ANSWER: a kite.

a. Sample answer:

PROOF Write a coordinate proof of each

statement.

63. The diagonals of an isosceles trapezoid are

congruent.

SOLUTION:

Begin by positioning trapezoid ABCD on a coordinate

plane. Place vertex A at the origin. Let the length of

the longer base be a units, the length of the shorter

base be b units, and the height be c units. Then the

rest of the vertices are B(a, 0), C(a - b, c), and D(b,

c). You need to walk through the proof step by step.

Look over what you are given and what you need to

prove. Here, you are given isosceles trapezoid ABCD

with and you need to prove that .

Use the properties that you have learned about

trapezoids to walk through the proof.

Given: isosceles trapezoid ABCD with

b. Prove:

perpendicular, exactly one is bisected, and the

diagonals are not congruent, then the quadrilateral is

a kite.

statement.

63. The diagonals of an isosceles trapezoid are

congruent.

SOLUTION:

Begin by positioning trapezoid ABCD on a coordinate

plane. Place vertex A at the origin. Let the length of ANSWER:

the longer base be a units, the length of the shorter Given: isosceles trapezoid ABCD with

base be b units, and the height be c units. Then the

Prove:

rest of the vertices are B(a, 0), C(a - b, c), and D(b,

c). You need to walk through the proof step by step.

Look over what you are given and what you need to

prove. Here, you are given isosceles trapezoid ABCD

with and you need to prove that .

Use the properties that you have learned about

trapezoids to walk through the proof.

Proof:

Given: isosceles trapezoid ABCD with

Prove:

64. The median of an isosceles trapezoid is parallelPage

to the

25

bases.

SOLUTION:

ANSWER:

Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid with median

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites

.

Prove:

64. The median of an isosceles trapezoid is parallel to the

bases.

SOLUTION:

Begin by positioning isosceles trapezoid ABCD on a

coordinate plane. Place vertex D at the origin. Let

the length of the shorter base be a units, the longer

length be a + 2b and the height be c units. Then the The midpoint of is X. The coordinates are

rest of the vertices are C(a, 0), B(a + b, c), and A(-b,

c). You need to walk through the proof step by step. .

Look over what you are given and what you need to

prove. Here, you are given ABCD is an isosceles The midpoint of is Y . The slope of

trapezoid with median and you need to prove

that . Use the properties that , the slope of , and the slope of

you have learned about trapezoids to walk through . Thus, .

the proof.

65. ERROR ANALYSIS Bedagi and Belinda are trying

Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid with median to determine in kite ABCD shown. Is either of

. them correct? Explain.

Prove:

.

SOLUTION:

The midpoint of is Y . Use the slope ∠C is an acute angle and ∠A is an obtuse angle.

Since a kite can only have one pair of opposite

formula to find the slope of the bases and the congruent angles and

median.

The sum of the measures of the angles of a

quadrilateral is 360.

Thus, .

ANSWER:

ANSWER:

Belinda; .

Given: ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid with median

.

Prove:

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 26

The midpoint of is Y . The slope of

, the and

6-6 Trapezoids slopeKites

of , and the slope of

. Thus, .

65. ERROR ANALYSIS Bedagi and Belinda are trying 66. CHALLENGE If the parallel sides of a trapezoid

to determine in kite ABCD shown. Is either of are contained by the lines y = x + 4 and y = x – 8,

them correct? Explain. what equation represents the line contained by the

midsegment?

SOLUTION:

First graph both lines.

SOLUTION:

∠C is an acute angle and ∠A is an obtuse angle.

Since a kite can only have one pair of opposite By the Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem, the

congruent angles and midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to each base

and its measure is one half the sum of the lengths of

the bases. So, the slope of the line containing the

midsegment is 1. Since the midsegment is equidistant

from both the bases, the y-intercept of the line

The sum of the measures of the angles of a containing the midsegment will be the average of the

quadrilateral is 360.

y-intercepts of the bases,

Therefore, the equation is y = x – 2.

ANSWER:

Therefore, Belinda is correct. y=x–2

Belinda; . never true that a square is also a kite? Explain.

SOLUTION:

A square has all 4 sides congruent, while a kite does

not have any opposite sides congruent. A kite has

exactly one pair of opposite angles congruent. A

square has 4 right angles so they are all congruent.

are contained by the lines y = x + 4 and y = x – 8,

what equation represents the line contained by the

midsegment?

SOLUTION: Therefore, the statement is never true.

First graph both lines. ANSWER:

Never; a square has all 4 sides , while a kite does

not have any opposite sides congruent.

trapezoids ABCD and FGHJ in which

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero . Page 27

SOLUTION:

Sample answer: congruent trapezoids have

Therefore, the statement is never true.

ANSWER:

Never; a square

6-6 Trapezoids andhas all 4 sides , while a kite does

Kites

not have any opposite sides congruent.

68. OPEN ENDED Sketch two noncongruent 69. WRITING IN MATH Describe the properties a

trapezoids ABCD and FGHJ in which quadrilateral must possess in order for the

. quadrilateral to be classified as a trapezoid, an

isosceles trapezoid, or a kite. Compare the properties

SOLUTION: of all three quadrilaterals.

Sample answer: congruent trapezoids have SOLUTION:

corresponding sides and angles congruent. Draw the

diagonals AC and BD first and then connect the A quadrilateral is a trapezoid if:

l there is exactly one pair of sides are parallel.

edges such that . Draw diagonals FH and

GJ that are the same length as AC and BD, A trapezoid is an isosceles trapezoid if:

respectively. If the diagonals are drawn such that the l the legs are congruent.

vertical angles are of different measure than those in

ABCD, then FG and JH will be different than AB A quadrilateral is a kite if:

and DC. l there is exactly 2 pairs of congruent

consecutive sides, and

l opposite sides are not congruent.

A trapezoid and a kite both have four sides. In a

trapezoid and isosceles trapezoid, both have exactly

one pair of parallel sides.

ANSWER:

ANSWER:

A quadrilateral must have exactly one pair of sides

Sample answer: parallel to be a trapezoid. If the legs are congruent,

then the trapezoid is an isosceles trapezoid. If a

quadrilateral has exactly two pairs of consecutive

congruent sides with the opposite sides not

congruent, the quadrilateral is a kite. A trapezoid and

a kite both have four sides. In a trapezoid and

isosceles trapezoid, both have exactly one pair of

parallel sides.

69. WRITING IN MATH Describe the properties a cost the same whether ordered with something else

quadrilateral must possess in order for the or alone. Two pancakes and one order of bacon

quadrilateral to be classified as a trapezoid, an costs $4.92. If two orders of bacon cost $3.96, what

isosceles trapezoid, or a kite. Compare the properties does one pancake cost?

of all three quadrilaterals.

A $0.96

SOLUTION: B $1.47

A quadrilateral is a trapezoid if: C $1.98

l there is exactly one pair of sides are parallel. D $2.94

A trapezoid is an isosceles trapezoid if: SOLUTION:

l the legs are congruent. If two orders of bacon cost $3.96, one order costs

A quadrilateral is a kite if:

l there is exactly 2 pairs of congruent Let x be the cost of one pancake. Then,

consecutive sides, and 2x + 1.98 = 4.92.

l opposite sides are not congruent. Solve for x.

2x = 2.94

A trapezoid and a kite both have four sides. In a x = 1.47

trapezoid and isosceles trapezoid, both have exactly So, each pancake costs $1.47. Therefore, the correct

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 28

one pair of parallel sides. choice is B.

ANSWER: ANSWER:

congruent sides with the opposite sides not

congruent, the quadrilateral is a kite. A trapezoid and

a kite both have four sides. In a trapezoid and

isosceles trapezoid,

6-6 Trapezoids both have exactly one pair of

and Kites ANSWER:

parallel sides. 76

70. ALGEBRA All of the items on a breakfast menu 72. Which figure can serve as a counterexample to the

cost the same whether ordered with something else conjecture below?

or alone. Two pancakes and one order of bacon If the diagonals of a quadrilateral are congruent,

costs $4.92. If two orders of bacon cost $3.96, what then the quadrilateral is a rectangle.

does one pancake cost? F square

A $0.96 G rhombus

B $1.47 H parallelogram

C $1.98 J isosceles trapezoid

D $2.94

SOLUTION:

SOLUTION: The diagonals of an isosceles trapezoid are

If two orders of bacon cost $3.96, one order costs congruent, but it is not a rectangle. Therefore, the

correct choice is J.

ANSWER:

Let x be the cost of one pancake. Then,

J

2x + 1.98 = 4.92.

Solve for x.

73. SAT/ACT In the figure below, what is the value of

2x = 2.94

x?

x = 1.47

So, each pancake costs $1.47. Therefore, the correct

choice is B.

ANSWER: A 60

B B 120

C 180

71. SHORT RESPONSE If quadrilateral ABCD is a D 240

kite, what is ? E 300

SOLUTION:

The two angles form a linear pair. So, sum of their

measures is 180.

SOLUTION:

If ABCD is a kite with Therefore, the correct choice is B.

then, ANSWER:

B

So, m∠B = 105.

The sum of the measures of the angles of a ALGEBRA Quadrilateral DFGH is a rhombus.

quadrilateral is 360. Find each value or measure.

ANSWER:

76 74. If , find .

SOLUTION:

72. Which figure can serve as a counterexample to the

conjecture below? Each pair of opposite angles of a rhombus is

If the diagonals of a quadrilateral are congruent, congruent. So,

thenManual

eSolutions the quadrilateral is a rectangle.

- Powered by Cognero Page 29

F square The sum of the measures of the angles of a rhombus

is 360.

G rhombus

Let

= 4(3) – 3 + 3 + 6

Therefore, the correct choice is B. = 18

ANSWER: and Kites

6-6 Trapezoids ANSWER:

B 18

Find each value or measure.

SOLUTION:

All the four sides of a rhombus are congruent. So,

FG = DF = 10.

ANSWER:

10

74. If , find .

77. If HM = 12 and HD = 15, find MG.

SOLUTION:

Each pair of opposite angles of a rhombus is SOLUTION:

congruent. So, By the Pythagorean Theorem,

2 2 2

DM = 15 – 12 = 81

The sum of the measures of the angles of a rhombus

is 360.

The diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other. So,

Let MG = DM = 9.

118 + 118 + x + x = 360 Angle sum is 360.

2x = 124 Combine like terms. ANSWER:

x = 62 Divide each side by 9

2.

A diagonal bisects the angle in a rhombus. COORDINATE GEOMETRY Graph each

quadrilateral with the given vertices. Determine

whether the figure is a rectangle. Justify your

answer using the indicated formula.

78. A(4, 2), B(–4, 1), C(–3, –5), D(5, –4); Distance

Formula

ANSWER: SOLUTION:

31

SOLUTION:

The diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other.

DM = MG

4x – 3 = x + 6

3x = 9

x = 3

Next, find DG.

DG = DM + MG

= 4x - 3 + x + 6

= 4(3) – 3 + 3 + 6 First, Use the Distance formula to find the lengths of

= 18 the sides of the quadrilateral.

ANSWER:

18

so ABCD is a

SOLUTION: parallelogram.

All the four sides of a rhombus are congruent. So, A parallelogram is a rectangle if the diagonals are

FG =Manual

eSolutions DF =- Powered

10. by Cognero congruent. Use the Distance formula to find thePage 30

lengths of the diagonals.

ANSWER:

10

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites so ABCD is a

parallelogram. Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of

A parallelogram is a rectangle if the diagonals are the quadrilateral.

congruent. Use the Distance formula to find the

lengths of the diagonals.

not a rectangle.

ANSWER:

No; so ABCD is a

parallelogram. The slopes of each pair of opposite sides are equal.

so the diagonals are not congruent. Thus, ABCD is So, the two pairs of opposite sides are parallel.

not a rectangle. Therefore, the quadrilateral JKLM is a parallelogram.

None of the adjacent sides have slopes whose

product is –1. So, the angles are not right angles.

Therefore, JKLM is not a rectangle.

ANSWER:

parallelogram. The product of the slopes of

consecutive sides ≠ –1, so the consecutive sides are

not perpendicular. Thus, JKLM is not a rectangle.

79. J(0, 7), K(–8, 6), L(–7, 0), M (1, 1); Slope Formula

SOLUTION:

baseman and begins to run toward first base. At the

same time, the runner on first base runs toward

second base. If the third baseman wants to throw the

ball to the nearest base, to which base should he

throw? Explain.

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of

the quadrilateral.

SOLUTION:

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites You need to walk through the proof step by step.

Look over what you are given and what you need to

prove. Here, you are given

80. BASEBALL A batter hits the ball to the third . You need

baseman and begins to run toward first base. At the

same time, the runner on first base runs toward to prove . Use the properties that

second base. If the third baseman wants to throw the you have learned about triangle congruence to walk

ball to the nearest base, to which base should he through the proof.

throw? Explain.

Given:

Prove:

SOLUTION: Proof:

By Theorem 5.10, if one angle of a triangle has a Statements (Reasons)

greater measure than another angle, then the side 1. (Given)

opposite the greater angle is longer than the side 2. (Reflexive Property)

opposite the lesser angle. The angle opposite the side 3. (ASA)

from third base to second base is 45 degrees which is

4. (CPCTC)

smaller than the angle opposite the side from third to

first, 90 degrees. Therefore, the distance from third 5. ∠DMC and ∠CMF are supplementary and

to second is shorter than the distance from third to ∠DME and ∠EMF are supplementary. (Supplement

first. So, he should throw it to the second base. Th.)

6. ( suppl. To .)

ANSWER: 7. (SAS)

Second base; the angle opposite the side from third

base to second base is smaller than the angle ANSWER:

opposite the side from third to first. Therefore, the

distance from third to second is shorter than the Given:

distance from third to first.

Prove:

81. PROOF Write a two-column proof.

Given:

Prove:

Proof:

Statements (Reasons)

1. (Given)

SOLUTION: 2. (Reflexive Property)

You need to walk through the proof step by step. 3. (ASA)

Look over what you are given and what you need to 4. (CPCTC)

prove. Here, you are given 5. ∠DMC and ∠CMF are supplementary and

. You need

∠DME and ∠EMF are supplementary. (Supplement

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 32

to prove . Use the properties that Th.)

you have learned about triangle congruence to walk 6. ( suppl. To .)

7. (SAS)

1. (Given)

2. (Reflexive Property)

3. (ASA) ANSWER:

6-6 Trapezoids and Kites

4. (CPCTC) 1

5. ∠DMC and ∠CMF are supplementary and

∠DME and ∠EMF are supplementary. (Supplement 84. (y, x), (y, y)

Th.)

SOLUTION:

6. ( suppl. To .)

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the line

7. (SAS) joining the given points.

Write an expression for the slope of each

segment given the coordinates and endpoints.

82. (x, 4y), (–x, 4y)

SOLUTION:

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the line

joining the given points.

ANSWER:

undefined

ANSWER:

0

SOLUTION:

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the line

joining the given points.

ANSWER:

1

SOLUTION:

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the line

joining the given points.

ANSWER:

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